Speed up the initial loading of Privacy Browser.
[PrivacyBrowser.git] / app / src / main / java / com / stoutner / privacybrowser / activities / MainWebViewActivity.java
index caecde4..895f20a 100644 (file)
@@ -36,7 +36,6 @@ import android.content.IntentFilter;
 import android.content.SharedPreferences;
 import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
 import android.content.res.Configuration;
-import android.content.res.Resources;
 import android.database.Cursor;
 import android.graphics.Bitmap;
 import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
@@ -72,7 +71,6 @@ import android.webkit.CookieManager;
 import android.webkit.HttpAuthHandler;
 import android.webkit.SslErrorHandler;
 import android.webkit.ValueCallback;
-import android.webkit.WebBackForwardList;
 import android.webkit.WebChromeClient;
 import android.webkit.WebResourceResponse;
 import android.webkit.WebSettings;
@@ -97,6 +95,7 @@ import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBar;
 import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBarDrawerToggle;
 import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
 import androidx.appcompat.widget.Toolbar;
+import androidx.coordinatorlayout.widget.CoordinatorLayout;
 import androidx.core.app.ActivityCompat;
 import androidx.core.content.ContextCompat;
 import androidx.core.view.GravityCompat;
@@ -106,6 +105,7 @@ import androidx.fragment.app.FragmentManager;
 import androidx.swiperefreshlayout.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout;
 import androidx.viewpager.widget.ViewPager;
 
+import com.google.android.material.appbar.AppBarLayout;
 import com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton;
 import com.google.android.material.navigation.NavigationView;
 import com.google.android.material.snackbar.Snackbar;
@@ -115,6 +115,7 @@ import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.BuildConfig;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.R;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.adapters.WebViewPagerAdapter;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.GetHostIpAddresses;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.PopulateBlocklists;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.AdConsentDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkFolderDialog;
@@ -125,14 +126,14 @@ import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadLocationPermissionDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.HttpAuthenticationDialog;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.PinnedMismatchDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.SslCertificateErrorDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.UrlHistoryDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.ViewSslCertificateDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.fragments.WebViewTabFragment;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.AdHelper;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlockListHelper;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlocklistHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BookmarksDatabaseHelper;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.CheckPinnedMismatchHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.DomainsDatabaseHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.OrbotProxyHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.views.NestedScrollWebView;
@@ -157,135 +158,25 @@ import java.util.Set;
 // AppCompatActivity from android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity must be used to have access to the SupportActionBar until the minimum API is >= 21.
 public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBookmarkDialog.CreateBookmarkListener, CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.CreateBookmarkFolderListener,
         DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener, DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DownloadLocationPermissionDialogListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener,
-        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, HttpAuthenticationDialog.HttpAuthenticationListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener,
-        PinnedMismatchDialog.PinnedMismatchListener, SslCertificateErrorDialog.SslCertificateErrorListener, UrlHistoryDialog.UrlHistoryListener {
-
-    // TODO Consider removing
-    // `darkTheme` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.
-    public static boolean darkTheme;
-
-    // TODO Consider removing
-    // `allowScreenshots` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static boolean allowScreenshots;
-
-    // TODO Remove
-    // `favoriteIconBitmap` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`, `BookmarksDatabaseViewActivity`, `CreateBookmarkFolderDialog`,
-    // `EditBookmarkDialog`, `EditBookmarkFolderDialog`, `EditBookmarkDatabaseViewDialog`, and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`,
-    // `onCreateHomeScreenShortcut()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap;
-
-    // TODO Remove
-    // `favoriteIconDefaultBitmap` public static so it can be accessed from `PinnedMismatchDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings`.
-    public static Bitmap favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
-
-    // TODO Consider removing the formatted URL string.
-    // `formattedUrlString` is public static so it can be accessed from `AddDomainDialog`, `BookmarksActivity`, `DomainSettingsFragment`, and `PinnedMismatchDialog`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    public static String formattedUrlString;
-
-    // `sslCertificate` is public static so it can be accessed from `DomainsActivity`, `DomainsListFragment`, `DomainSettingsFragment`, `PinnedMismatchDialog`, and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()` and `checkPinnedMismatch()`.
-    public static SslCertificate sslCertificate;
-
-    // `currentHostIpAddresses` is public static so it can be accessed from `DomainSettingsFragment`, `GetHostIpAddresses()`, and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()` and `GetHostIpAddresses()`.
-    public static String currentHostIpAddresses;
-
-    // The getting IP addresses tracker is used in `onCreate() and `GetHostIpAddresses`.
-    public static boolean gettingIpAddresses;
-
-    // The URL loading tracker is public static so it can be accessed from `GetHostIpAddresses`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateOptionsMenu()`, `loadUrl()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `GetHostIpAddresses`.
-    public static boolean urlIsLoading;
+        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PopulateBlocklists.PopulateBlocklistsListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener {
 
     // `orbotStatus` is public static so it can be accessed from `OrbotProxyHelper`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     public static String orbotStatus;
 
-    // `appliedUserAgentString` is public static so it can be accessed from `ViewSourceActivity`.  It is also used in `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static String appliedUserAgentString;
-
-    // `reloadOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`
-    public static boolean reloadOnRestart;
+    // The WebView pager adapter is accessed from `HttpAuthenticationDialog`, `PinnedMismatchDialog`, and `SslCertificateErrorDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `addTab()`.
+    public static WebViewPagerAdapter webViewPagerAdapter;
 
-    // `reloadUrlOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment` and `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
+    // The load URL on restart variables are public static so they can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  They are used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean loadUrlOnRestart;
+    public static String urlToLoadOnRestart;
 
     // `restartFromBookmarksActivity` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean restartFromBookmarksActivity;
 
-    // The block list versions are public static so they can be accessed from `AboutTabFragment`.  They are also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static String easyListVersion;
-    public static String easyPrivacyVersion;
-    public static String fanboysAnnoyanceVersion;
-    public static String fanboysSocialVersion;
-    public static String ultraPrivacyVersion;
-
-    // The request items are public static so they can be accessed by `BlockListHelper`, `RequestsArrayAdapter`, and `ViewRequestsDialog`.  They are also used in `onCreate()` and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
-    public static List<String[]> resourceRequests;
-    public static String[] whiteListResultStringArray;
-    private int blockedRequests;
-    private int easyListBlockedRequests;
-    private int easyPrivacyBlockedRequests;
-    private int fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests;
-    private int fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests;
-    private int ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests;
-    private int thirdPartyBlockedRequests;
-
-    public final static int REQUEST_DISPOSITION = 0;
-    public final static int REQUEST_URL = 1;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST = 2;
-    public final static int REQUEST_SUBLIST = 3;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST_ENTRIES = 4;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST_ORIGINAL_ENTRY = 5;
-
-    public final static int REQUEST_DEFAULT = 0;
-    public final static int REQUEST_ALLOWED = 1;
-    public final static int REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY = 2;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKED = 3;
-
-    public final static int MAIN_WHITELIST = 1;
-    public final static int FINAL_WHITELIST = 2;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_WHITELIST = 3;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_INITIAL_WHITELIST = 4;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_FINAL_WHITELIST = 5;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_WHITELIST = 6;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_WHITELIST = 7;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_INITIAL_WHITELIST = 8;
-
-    public final static int MAIN_BLACKLIST = 9;
-    public final static int INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 10;
-    public final static int FINAL_BLACKLIST = 11;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_BLACKLIST = 12;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 13;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_FINAL_BLACKLIST = 14;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 15;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_BLACKLIST = 16;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 17;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_BLACKLIST = 18;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 19;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 20;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 21;
-    public final static int REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 22;
-
-    // `blockAllThirdPartyRequests` is public static so it can be accessed from `RequestsActivity`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`
-    public static boolean blockAllThirdPartyRequests;
-
     // `currentBookmarksFolder` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onBackPressed()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`,
     // `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     public static String currentBookmarksFolder;
 
-    // The pinned variables are public static so they can be accessed from `PinnedMismatchDialog`.  They are also used in `onCreate()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `checkPinnedMismatch()`.
-    public static String pinnedSslIssuedToCName;
-    public static String pinnedSslIssuedToOName;
-    public static String pinnedSslIssuedToUName;
-    public static String pinnedSslIssuedByCName;
-    public static String pinnedSslIssuedByOName;
-    public static String pinnedSslIssuedByUName;
-    public static Date pinnedSslStartDate;
-    public static Date pinnedSslEndDate;
-    public static String pinnedHostIpAddresses;
-
     // The user agent constants are public static so they can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`, `DomainsActivity`, and `DomainSettingsFragment`.
     public final static int UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT = -1;
     public final static int SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT = 1;
@@ -296,123 +187,47 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
 
 
-    // `pinnedDomainSslCertificate` is used in `onCreate()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `checkPinnedMismatch()`.
-    private static boolean pinnedSslCertificate;
-
-    // `pinnedIpAddress` is used in `applyDomainSettings()` and `checkPinnedMismatch()`.
-    private static boolean pinnedIpAddresses;
-
-    // `ignorePinnedDomainInformation` is used in `onSslMismatchProceed()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `checkPinnedMismatch()`.
-    private static boolean ignorePinnedDomainInformation;
-
-    // The fragment manager is initialized in `onCreate()` and accessed from the static `checkPinnedMismatch()`.
-    private static FragmentManager fragmentManager;
-
-
-    // A handle for the activity is set in `onCreate()` and accessed in `WebViewPagerAdapter`.
-    private Activity activity;
-
-    // `navigatingHistory` is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean navigatingHistory;
-
     // The current WebView is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `findPreviousOnPage()`,
     // `findNextOnPage()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private NestedScrollWebView currentWebView;
 
-    // `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `onConfigurationChanged()`.
-    private FrameLayout fullScreenVideoFrameLayout;
-
-    // `cookieManager` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onDownloadImage()`, `onDownloadFile()`, and `onRestart()`.
-    private CookieManager cookieManager;
-
     // `customHeader` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `loadUrl()`.
     private final Map<String, String> customHeaders = new HashMap<>();
 
-    // `javaScriptEnabled` is also used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
-    private boolean javaScriptEnabled;
-
-    // `firstPartyCookiesEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onDownloadImage()`, `onDownloadFile()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean firstPartyCookiesEnabled;
-
-    // `thirdPartyCookiesEnabled` used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean thirdPartyCookiesEnabled;
-
-    // `domStorageEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean domStorageEnabled;
-
-    // `saveFormDataEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.  It can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-    private boolean saveFormDataEnabled;
-
-    // `nightMode` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and  `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean nightMode;
-
-    // 'homepage' is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private String homepage;
-
-    // `searchURL` is used in `loadURLFromTextBox()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
+    // The search URL is set in `applyProxyThroughOrbot()` and used in `onCreate()`, `onNewIntent()`, `loadURLFromTextBox()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
     private String searchURL;
 
-    // `mainMenu` is used in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
-    private Menu mainMenu;
-
-    // `refreshMenuItem` is used in `onCreate()` and `onCreateOptionsMenu()`.
-    private MenuItem refreshMenuItem;
-
-    // The WebView pager adapter is used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `addTab()`.
-    private WebViewPagerAdapter webViewPagerAdapter;
-
-    // The navigation requests menu item is used in `onCreate()` and accessed from `WebViewPagerAdapter`.
-    private MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem;
-
-    // The blocklist helper is used in `onCreate()` and `WebViewPagerAdapter`.
-    BlockListHelper blockListHelper;
+    // The options menu is set in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `updatePrivacyIcons()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
+    private Menu optionsMenu;
 
-    // The blocklists are populated in `onCreate()` and accessed from `WebViewPagerAdapter`.
+    // The blocklists are populated in `finishedPopulatingBlocklists()` and accessed from `initializeWebView()`.
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyList;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyPrivacy;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysAnnoyanceList;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysSocialList;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> ultraPrivacy;
 
-    // The blocklist menu items are used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateOptionsMenu()`, and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
-    private MenuItem blocklistsMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem easyListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem ultraPrivacyMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem;
-
-    // The blocklist variables are used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean easyListEnabled;
-    private boolean easyPrivacyEnabled;
-    private boolean fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled;
-    private boolean fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled;
-    private boolean ultraPrivacyEnabled;
-
     // `webViewDefaultUserAgent` is used in `onCreate()` and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
     private String webViewDefaultUserAgent;
 
-    // `defaultCustomUserAgentString` is used in `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private String defaultCustomUserAgentString;
-
-    // `privacyBrowserRuntime` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private Runtime privacyBrowserRuntime;
-
     // `proxyThroughOrbot` is used in `onRestart()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `applyAppSettings()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean proxyThroughOrbot;
 
-    // `incognitoModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // The incognito mode is set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
     private boolean incognitoModeEnabled;
 
-    // `fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // The full screen browsing mode tracker is set it `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
     private boolean fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled;
 
     // `inFullScreenBrowsingMode` is used in `onCreate()`, `onConfigurationChanged()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
     private boolean inFullScreenBrowsingMode;
 
-    // Hide app bar is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // The app bar trackers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
     private boolean hideAppBar;
+    private boolean scrollAppBar;
+
+    // The loading new intent tracker is set in `onNewIntent()` and used in `setCurrentWebView()`.
+    private boolean loadingNewIntent;
 
     // `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, and `onAddDomain()`, .
     private boolean reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart;
@@ -423,33 +238,12 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `displayingFullScreenVideo` is used in `onCreate()` and `onResume()`.
     private boolean displayingFullScreenVideo;
 
-    // `downloadWithExternalApp` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean downloadWithExternalApp;
-
-    // `currentDomainName` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onAddDomain()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private String currentDomainName;
-
     // `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` is used in `onCreate()` and `onDestroy()`.
     private BroadcastReceiver orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver;
 
     // `waitingForOrbot` is used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean waitingForOrbot;
 
-    // `domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled` is used in `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private Boolean domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled;
-
-    // `waitingForOrbotHtmlString` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private String waitingForOrbotHtmlString;
-
-    // `privateDataDirectoryString` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
-    private String privateDataDirectoryString;
-
-    // `findOnPageEditText` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private EditText findOnPageEditText;
-
-    // `displayAdditionalAppBarIcons` is used in `onCreate()` and `onCreateOptionsMenu()`.
-    private boolean displayAdditionalAppBarIcons;
-
     // The action bar drawer toggle is initialized in `onCreate()` and used in `onResume()`.
     private ActionBarDrawerToggle actionBarDrawerToggle;
 
@@ -463,25 +257,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     private int drawerHeaderPaddingTop;
     private int drawerHeaderPaddingBottom;
 
-    // `sslErrorHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslErrorCancel()`, and `onSslErrorProceed`.
-    private SslErrorHandler sslErrorHandler;
-
-    // `httpAuthHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onHttpAuthenticationCancel()`, and `onHttpAuthenticationProceed()`.
-    private static HttpAuthHandler httpAuthHandler;
-
-    // `inputMethodManager` is used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private InputMethodManager inputMethodManager;
-
     // `bookmarksDatabaseHelper` is used in `onCreate()`, `onDestroy`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`,
     // and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private BookmarksDatabaseHelper bookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 
-    // `bookmarksListView` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
-    private ListView bookmarksListView;
-
-    // `bookmarksTitleTextView` is used in `onCreate()` and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
-    private TextView bookmarksTitleTextView;
-
     // `bookmarksCursor` is used in `onDestroy()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private Cursor bookmarksCursor;
 
@@ -494,6 +273,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `fileChooserCallback` is used in `onCreate()` and `onActivityResult()`.
     private ValueCallback<Uri[]> fileChooserCallback;
 
+    // The default progress view offsets are set in `onCreate()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private int defaultProgressViewStartOffset;
+    private int defaultProgressViewEndOffset;
+
+    // The swipe refresh layout top padding is used when exiting full screen browsing mode.  It is used in an inner class in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private int swipeRefreshLayoutPaddingTop;
+
+    // The URL sanitizers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `sanitizeUrl()`.
+    private boolean sanitizeGoogleAnalytics;
+    private boolean sanitizeFacebookClickIds;
+    private boolean sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects;
+
     // The download strings are used in `onCreate()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()` and `initializeWebView()`.
     private String downloadUrl;
     private String downloadContentDisposition;
@@ -502,27 +293,23 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `downloadImageUrl` is used in `onCreateContextMenu()` and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
     private String downloadImageUrl;
 
-    // The user agent variables are used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private ArrayAdapter<CharSequence> userAgentNamesArray;
-    private String[] userAgentDataArray;
-
     // The request codes are used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
     private final int DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE = 1;
     private final int DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE = 2;
 
     @Override
-    // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.  The whole premise of Privacy Browser is built around an understanding of these dangers.
-    // Also, remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
-    @SuppressLint({"SetJavaScriptEnabled", "ClickableViewAccessibility"})
-    // Remove Android Studio's warning about deprecations.  The deprecated `getColor()` must be used until API >= 23.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
+    // Remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
+    @SuppressLint("ClickableViewAccessibility")
     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
+        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
         // Get the theme and screenshot preferences.
-        darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
-        allowScreenshots = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("allow_screenshots", false);
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+        boolean allowScreenshots = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("allow_screenshots", false);
 
         // Disable screenshots if not allowed.
         if (!allowScreenshots) {
@@ -541,16 +328,15 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
         // Set the content view.
         setContentView(R.layout.main_framelayout);
-
-        // Get handles for views, resources, and managers.
-        activity = this;
-        Resources resources = getResources();
-        fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
-        inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
         Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
 
         // Set the action bar.  `SupportActionBar` must be used until the minimum API is >= 21.
         setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
+
+        // Get a handle for the action bar.
         ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
 
         // This is needed to get rid of the Android Studio warning that the action bar might be null.
@@ -560,695 +346,209 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         actionBar.setCustomView(R.layout.url_app_bar);
         actionBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
 
-        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
-        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(resources.getColor(R.color.red_a700));
-        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(resources.getColor(R.color.gray_500));
-        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(resources.getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        // Initially disable the sliding drawers.  They will be enabled once the blocklists are loaded.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_LOCKED_CLOSED);
 
-        // Get a handle for `urlTextBox`.
-        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
 
-        // Remove the formatting from `urlTextBar` when the user is editing the text.
-        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
-            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
-                // Remove the highlighting.
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
-            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
-                // Move to the beginning of the string.
-                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
+        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
+        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
 
-                // Reapply the highlighting.
-                highlightUrlText();
-            }
-        });
+        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
+        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
 
-        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
-        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
-            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
-                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
-                loadUrlFromTextBox();
+        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
+        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
 
-                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {
-                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
+        // Populate the blocklists.
+        new PopulateBlocklists(this, this).execute();
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
+        // Get the information from the intent.
+        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
+        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
 
-        // Set `waitingForOrbotHTMLString`.
-        waitingForOrbotHtmlString = "<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>";
+        // Determine if this is a web search.
+        boolean isWebSearch = ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH));
 
-        // Initialize `currentDomainName`, `orbotStatus`, and `waitingForOrbot`.
-        currentDomainName = "";
-        orbotStatus = "unknown";
-        waitingForOrbot = false;
+        // Only process the URI if it contains data or it is a web search.  If the user pressed the desktop icon after the app was already running the URI will be null.
+        if (intentUriData != null || isWebSearch) {
+            // Get the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
-        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
-            @Override
-            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
-                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
-                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
+            // Create a URL string.
+            String url;
 
-                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
-                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Reset `waitingForOrbot`.
-                    waitingForOrbot = false;
+            // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+            if (isWebSearch) {
+                // Create an encoded URL string.
+                String encodedUrlString;
 
-                    // Load `formattedUrlString
-                    loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+                // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                try {
+                    encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                    encodedUrlString = "";
                 }
+
+                // Add the base search URL.
+                url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+            } else {  // The intent should contain a URL.
+                // Set the intent data as the URL.
+                url = intentUriData.toString();
             }
-        };
 
-        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
-        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
+            // Add a new tab if specified in the preferences.
+            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("open_intents_in_new_tab", true)) {  // Load the URL in a new tab.
+                // Set the loading new intent flag.
+                loadingNewIntent = true;
 
-        // Instantiate the block list helper.
-        blockListHelper = new BlockListHelper();
+                // Add a new tab.
+                addNewTab(url);
+            } else {  // Load the URL in the current tab.
+                // Make it so.
+                loadUrl(url);
+            }
 
-        // Initialize the list of resource requests.
-        resourceRequests = new ArrayList<>();
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-        // Parse the block lists.
-        easyList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easylist.txt");
-        easyPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easyprivacy.txt");
-        fanboysAnnoyanceList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-annoyance.txt");
-        fanboysSocialList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-social.txt");
-        ultraPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/ultraprivacy.txt");
+            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+            }
 
-        // Store the list versions.
-        easyListVersion = easyList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        easyPrivacyVersion = easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        fanboysAnnoyanceVersion = fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        fanboysSocialVersion = fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        ultraPrivacyVersion = ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
+        }
+    }
 
-        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-        final NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
-        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
-        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
-        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
-        bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
-        bookmarksTitleTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
-        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
-        findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
-        fullScreenVideoFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.full_screen_video_framelayout);
+    @Override
+    public void onRestart() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onRestart();
 
-        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
-        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
+        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
+        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
+            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
 
-        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
-        final Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
-        final MenuItem navigationCloseTabMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(0);
-        final MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
-        final MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
-        final MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
-        navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(6);
+            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
+            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
 
-        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
-        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(fragmentManager);
+            // Make it so.
+            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
+        }
 
-        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
-        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
+        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity.
+        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply app settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
-        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
+            // Apply the app settings.
+            applyAppSettings();
+        }
 
-        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
-        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the settings or domains activity.
+        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply domain settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-            @Override
-            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
+            // Reapply the domain settings for each tab.
+            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
                 // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(position);
+                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
                 // Get the fragment view.
                 View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-                // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the fragment view might be null.
-                assert fragmentView != null;
+                // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
+                if (fragmentView != null) {
+                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-                // Store the current WebView.
-                currentWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+                    // Reset the current domain name so the domain settings will be reapplied.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                // Store the current formatted URL string.
-                formattedUrlString = currentWebView.getUrl();
+                    // Reapply the domain settings if the URL is not null, which can happen if an empty tab is active when returning from settings.
+                    if (nestedScrollWebView.getUrl() != null) {
+                        applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, nestedScrollWebView.getUrl(), false, true);
+                    }
+                }
+            }
+        }
 
-                // Clear the focus from the URL text box.
-                urlEditText.clearFocus();
+        // Load the URL on restart (used when loading a bookmark).
+        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
+            // Load the specified URL.
+            loadUrl(urlToLoadOnRestart);
 
-                // Hide the soft keyboard.
-                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+            // Reset the load on restart tracker.
+            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
+        }
 
-                // Display the current URL in the URL text box.
-                urlEditText.setText(formattedUrlString);
+        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
+        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-                // Highlight the URL text.
-                highlightUrlText();
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
 
-                // Set the background to indicate the domain settings status.
-                if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {
-                    // Set a green background on `urlTextBox` to indicate that custom domain settings are being used. The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
-                    if (darkTheme) {
-                        urlEditText.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_dark_blue));
-                    } else {
-                        urlEditText.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_light_green));
-                    }
-                } else {
-                    urlEditText.setBackgroundDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
-                }
+            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
+            loadBookmarksFolder();
 
-                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager.
-                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
-                    // Get a handle for the corresponding tab.
-                    TabLayout.Tab correspondingTab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
+            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
+            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
+        }
 
-                    // Assert that the corresponding tab is not null.
-                    assert correspondingTab != null;
+        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+    }
 
-                    // Select the corresponding tab.
-                    correspondingTab.select();
-                }
-            }
+    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
+    @Override
+    public void onResume() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onResume();
 
-            @Override
-            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
-        });
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
-        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Select the same page in the view pager.
-                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
-            }
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+            // Only resume the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
-                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = new ViewSslCertificateDialog();
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
+                nestedScrollWebView.resumeTimers();
 
-                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
-                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.onResume();
             }
-        });
+        }
 
-        // Add the first tab.  (It doesn't matter what view is passed.  That is just required as part of the ImageView `onClick()` syntax).
-        addTab(webViewPager);
+        // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
+        if (waitingForOrbot && !orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
+            // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
+            currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
-        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(resources.getColor(R.color.gray_850));
-        } else {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(resources.getColor(R.color.white));
+            // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
+            currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
         }
 
-        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
-        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Store the current WebView url and title in the bookmarks activity.
-            BookmarksActivity.currentWebViewUrl = currentWebView.getUrl();
-            BookmarksActivity.currentWebViewTitle = currentWebView.getTitle();
-
-            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
-            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
-
-            // Include the current folder with the `Intent`.
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("Current Folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
-
-            // Make it so.
-            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
-        });
-
-        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog and name the instance `@string/create_folder`.
-            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = new CreateBookmarkFolderDialog();
-            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(fragmentManager, resources.getString(R.string.create_folder));
-        });
-
-        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
-            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
-            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), favoriteIconBitmap);
-
-            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
-            createBookmarkDialog.show(fragmentManager, resources.getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
-        });
-
-        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
-        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
-            @Override
-            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
-                // Search for the text in `mainWebView`.
-                currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
-            }
-        });
-
-        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
-        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
-                // Hide the soft keyboard.
-                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
-
-                // Consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
-                // Do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
-
-        // Implement swipe to refresh.
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
-
-        // The swipe to refresh circle doesn't always hide itself completely unless it is moved up 10 pixels.
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressViewOffset(false, swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset() - 10, swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset());
-
-        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
-        } else {
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
-        }
-
-        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
-
-        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
-
-        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
-        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
-
-        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
-        loadBookmarksFolder();
-
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
-            int databaseID = (int) id;
-
-            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
-            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
-            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
-
-            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
-            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
-                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
-
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
-            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
-                // Load the bookmark URL.
-                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
-
-                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
-
-            // Close the `Cursor`.
-            bookmarkCursor.close();
-        });
-
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
-            int databaseId = (int) id;
-
-            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
-            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
-
-            if (isFolder) {
-                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
-                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
-
-                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
-                DialogFragment editBookmarkFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId);
-                editBookmarkFolderDialog.show(fragmentManager, resources.getString(R.string.edit_folder));
-            } else {
-                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
-                DialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId);
-                editBookmarkDialog.show(fragmentManager, resources.getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
-            }
-
-            // Consume the event.
-            return true;
-        });
-
-        // Get the status bar pixel size.
-        int statusBarResourceId = resources.getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
-        int statusBarPixelSize = resources.getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
-
-        // Get the resource density.
-        float screenDensity = resources.getDisplayMetrics().density;
-
-        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
-        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
-
-        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
-        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
-                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
-                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
-                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
-                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
-
-                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
-                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
-                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
-                    }
-
-                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
-                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
-                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
-                    }
-
-                    // Update the navigation menu items.
-                    navigationCloseTabMenuItem.setEnabled(tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1);
-                    navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoBack());
-                    navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoForward());
-                    navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((currentWebView.canGoBack() || currentWebView.canGoForward()));
-                    navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-
-                    // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
-                    inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
-
-                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
-                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
-                    currentWebView.clearFocus();
-                }
-            }
-        });
-
-        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
-        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
-
-        // Initialize cookieManager.
-        cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
-
-        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
-        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
-
-        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
-        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
-
-        // Get a handle for the `Runtime`.
-        privacyBrowserRuntime = Runtime.getRuntime();
-
-        // Store the application's private data directory.
-        privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
-        // `dataDir` will vary, but will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
-
-        // Initialize `inFullScreenBrowsingMode`, which is always false at this point because Privacy Browser never starts in full screen browsing mode.
-        inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
-
-        // Initialize the privacy settings variables.
-        javaScriptEnabled = false;
-        firstPartyCookiesEnabled = false;
-        thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = false;
-        domStorageEnabled = false;
-        saveFormDataEnabled = false;  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        nightMode = false;
-
-        // Inflate a bare WebView to get the default user agent.  It is not used to render content on the screen.
-        @SuppressLint("InflateParams") View webViewLayout = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bare_webview, null, false);
-
-        // Get a handle for the WebView.
-        WebView bareWebView = webViewLayout.findViewById(R.id.bare_webview);
-
-        // Store the default user agent.
-        webViewDefaultUserAgent = bareWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
-
-        // Destroy the bare WebView.
-        bareWebView.destroy();
-
-        // Initialize the favorite icon bitmap.  `ContextCompat` must be used until API >= 21.
-        Drawable favoriteIconDrawable = ContextCompat.getDrawable(getApplicationContext(), R.drawable.world);
-        BitmapDrawable favoriteIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) favoriteIconDrawable;
-        assert favoriteIconBitmapDrawable != null;
-        favoriteIconDefaultBitmap = favoriteIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-
-        // If the favorite icon is null, load the default.
-        if (favoriteIconBitmap == null) {
-            favoriteIconBitmap = favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
-        }
-
-        // Initialize the user agent array adapter and string array.
-        userAgentNamesArray = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this, R.array.user_agent_names, R.layout.spinner_item);
-        userAgentDataArray = resources.getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data);
-
-        // Get the intent that started the app.
-        Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
-
-        // Get the information from the intent.
-        String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
-        Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
-
-        // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
-        if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
-            // Create an encoded URL string.
-            String encodedUrlString;
-
-            // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-            try {
-                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                encodedUrlString = "";
-            }
-
-            // Add the base search URL.
-            formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-        } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
-            // Set the formatted URL string.
-            formattedUrlString = launchingIntentUriData.toString();
-        }
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
-        // Sets the new intent as the activity intent, so that any future `getIntent()`s pick up this one instead of creating a new activity.
-        setIntent(intent);
-
-        // Get the information from the intent.
-        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
-        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
-
-        // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
-        if ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
-            // Create an encoded URL string.
-            String encodedUrlString;
-
-            // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-            try {
-                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                encodedUrlString = "";
-            }
-
-            // Add the base search URL.
-            formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-        } else if (intentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
-            // Set the formatted URL string.
-            formattedUrlString = intentUriData.toString();
-        }
-
-        // Load the URL.
-        loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
-
-        // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-
-        // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
-        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-        }
-
-        // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
-        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-        }
-
-        // Clear the keyboard if displayed and remove the focus on the urlTextBar if it has it.
-        currentWebView.requestFocus();
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onRestart() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onRestart();
-
-        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
-        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
-            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
-            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
-
-            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
-            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
-
-            // Make it so.
-            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
-        }
-
-        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity..
-        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Apply the app settings.
-            applyAppSettings();
-
-            // Reload the webpage if displaying of images has been disabled in the Settings activity.
-            if (reloadOnRestart) {
-                // Reload the WebViews.
-                for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-                    // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                    WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-                    // Get the fragment view.
-                    View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-                    // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
-                    if (fragmentView != null) {
-                        // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                        NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                        // TODO this doesn't seem to work if for WebViews that aren't visible.
-                        // Reload the WebView.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.reload();
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Reset `reloadOnRestartBoolean`.
-                reloadOnRestart = false;
-            }
-
-            // Reset the return from settings flag.
-            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
-        }
-
-        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the Domains activity.
-        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Reapply the domain settings.
-            applyDomainSettings(formattedUrlString, false, true);
-
-            // Reset `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart`.
-            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
-        }
-
-        // Load the URL on restart to apply changes to night mode.
-        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
-            // Load the current `formattedUrlString`.
-            loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
-
-            // Reset `loadUrlOnRestart.
-            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
-        }
-
-        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
-        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
-            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-
-            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
-            loadBookmarksFolder();
-
-            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
-            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
-        }
-
-        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
-    }
-
-    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
-    @Override
-    public void onResume() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onResume();
-
-        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-            // Get the fragment view.
-            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-            // Only resume the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
-            if (fragmentView != null) {
-                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                // Resume the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
-                nestedScrollWebView.resumeTimers();
-
-                // Resume the nested scroll WebView.
-                nestedScrollWebView.onResume();
-            }
-        }
-
-        // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
-        if (waitingForOrbot && !orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
-            // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
-            currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
-
-            // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-            currentWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHtmlString, "text/html", null);
-        }
-
-        if (displayingFullScreenVideo || inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
-            // Get a handle for the root frame layouts.
-            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
+        if (displayingFullScreenVideo || inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Get a handle for the root frame layouts.
+            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
 
             // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
             getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
@@ -1317,8 +617,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Inflate the menu.  This adds items to the action bar if it is present.
         getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.webview_options_menu, menu);
 
-        // Set mainMenu so it can be used by `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons`.
-        mainMenu = menu;
+        // Store a handle for the options menu so it can be used by `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
+        optionsMenu = menu;
 
         // Set the initial status of the privacy icons.  `false` does not call `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
         updatePrivacyIcons(false);
@@ -1329,14 +629,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
         MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
         MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
-        blocklistsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.blocklists);
-        easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
-        easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
-        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
-        ultraPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy);
-        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
+        MenuItem refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
         MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
 
         // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
@@ -1346,14 +639,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
         clearFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
 
+        // Disable the clear form data menu item if the API >= 26 so that the status of the main Clear Data is calculated correctly.
+        clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
+
         // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
         adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
 
-        // Get the shared preference values.
+        // Get the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Get the status of the additional AppBar icons.
-        displayAdditionalAppBarIcons = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false);
+        // Get the dark theme and app bar preferences..
+        boolean displayAdditionalAppBarIcons = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false);
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
         // Set the status of the additional app bar icons.  Setting the refresh menu item to `SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS` makes it appear even on small devices like phones.
         if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
@@ -1367,7 +664,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         }
 
         // Replace Refresh with Stop if a URL is already loading.
-        if (urlIsLoading) {
+        if (currentWebView != null && currentWebView.getProgress() != 100) {
             // Set the title.
             refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.stop);
 
@@ -1381,30 +678,39 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
         }
 
+        // Done.
         return true;
     }
 
     @Override
     public boolean onPrepareOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
-        // Get a handle for the swipe refresh layout.
-        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
-
         // Get handles for the menu items.
         MenuItem addOrEditDomain = menu.findItem(R.id.add_or_edit_domain);
-        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem firstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem domStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem saveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
         MenuItem clearDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_data);
         MenuItem clearCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_cookies);
         MenuItem clearDOMStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_dom_storage);
         MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem blocklistsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.blocklists);
+        MenuItem easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
+        MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
+        MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
+        MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
+        MenuItem ultraPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy);
+        MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
         MenuItem fontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size);
         MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
+        MenuItem wideViewportMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.wide_viewport);
         MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
         MenuItem nightModeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.night_mode);
         MenuItem proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.proxy_through_orbot);
 
+        // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+        CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+
         // Initialize the current user agent string and the font size.
         String currentUserAgent = getString(R.string.user_agent_privacy_browser);
         int fontSize = 100;
@@ -1424,34 +730,52 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Get the current font size from the
             fontSize = currentWebView.getSettings().getTextZoom();
 
-            // Set the status of the display images menu item.
+            // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
+            domStorageMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
+            saveFormDataMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+            easyListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST));
+            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY));
+            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
+            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
+            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
+            blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
+            swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+            wideViewportMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
             displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
+            nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getNightMode());
+
+            // Initialize the display names for the blocklists with the number of blocked requests.
+            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+            easyListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
+            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
+            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
+            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
+            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
+            blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS) + " - " + getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
+
+            // Only modify third-party cookies if the API >= 21.
+            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                // Set the status of the third-party cookies checkbox.
+                thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
+
+                // Enable third-party cookies if first-party cookies are enabled.
+                thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
+            }
+
+            // Enable DOM Storage if JavaScript is enabled.
+            domStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled());
         }
 
         // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
-        toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
-        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
-        toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setChecked(domStorageEnabled);
-        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setChecked(saveFormDataEnabled);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        easyListMenuItem.setChecked(easyListEnabled);
-        easyPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(easyPrivacyEnabled);
-        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setChecked(fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setChecked(fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled);
-        ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(ultraPrivacyEnabled);
-        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(blockAllThirdPartyRequests);
-        swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(swipeRefreshLayout.isEnabled());
-        nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(nightMode);
+        firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
         proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem.setChecked(proxyThroughOrbot);
 
-        // Enable third-party cookies if first-party cookies are enabled.
-        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
-
-        // Enable DOM Storage if JavaScript is enabled.
-        toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
-
         // Enable Clear Cookies if there are any.
         clearCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.hasCookies());
 
+        // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+        String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
         // Get a count of the number of files in the Local Storage directory.
         File localStorageDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/");
         int localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
@@ -1471,27 +795,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
         // Enable Clear Form Data is there is any.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
         if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
-            WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
-            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebViewDatabase.hasFormData());
-        } else {
-            // Disable clear form data because it is not supported on current version of Android.
-            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(false);
+            // Get the WebView database.
+            WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
+
+            // Enable the clear form data menu item if there is anything to clear.
+            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(webViewDatabase.hasFormData());
         }
 
         // Enable Clear Data if any of the submenu items are enabled.
         clearDataMenuItem.setEnabled(clearCookiesMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearDOMStorageMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearFormDataMenuItem.isEnabled());
 
-        // Disable Fanboy's Social Blocking List if Fanboy's Annoyance List is checked.
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
-
-        // Initialize the display names for the blocklists with the number of blocked requests.
-        blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-        easyListMenuItem.setTitle(easyListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
-        easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(easyPrivacyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
-        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
-        ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
-        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(thirdPartyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
+        // Disable Fanboy's Social Blocking List menu item if Fanboy's Annoyance List is checked.
+        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.isChecked());
 
         // Select the current user agent menu item.  A switch statement cannot be used because the user agents are not compile time constants.
         if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0])) {  // Privacy Browser.
@@ -1588,8 +903,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     @Override
     // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.
     @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
-    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
     public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem menuItem) {
         // Reenter full screen browsing mode if it was interrupted by the options menu.  <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/389>
         if (inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
@@ -1611,22 +924,25 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Get the selected menu item ID.
         int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
 
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+        CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+
         // Run the commands that correlate to the selected menu item.
         switch (menuItemId) {
             case R.id.toggle_javascript:
-                // Switch the status of javaScriptEnabled.
-                javaScriptEnabled = !javaScriptEnabled;
-
-                // Apply the new JavaScript status.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
+                // Toggle the JavaScript status.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(!currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled());
 
                 // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
                 updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
                 // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (javaScriptEnabled) {  // JavaScrip is enabled.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScrip is enabled.
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.javascript_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // JavaScript is disabled, but first-party cookies are enabled.
+                } else if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {  // JavaScript is disabled, but first-party cookies are enabled.
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.javascript_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                 } else {  // Privacy mode.
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
@@ -1640,24 +956,55 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Edit the current domain settings.
                     // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
                     reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                    currentDomainName = "";
 
                     // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
                     Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
-                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the current domain and close on back instead of returning to the domains list.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("loadDomain", currentWebView.getDomainSettingsDatabaseId());
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("closeOnBack", true);
+                    // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("load_domain", currentWebView.getDomainSettingsDatabaseId());
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                    // Get the current certificate.
+                    SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                    // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                    if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                        // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                        String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                        String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                        String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                        String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                        String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                        String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                        long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                        long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                        // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                    }
+
+                    // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                    if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                        // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                    }
 
                     // Make it so.
                     startActivity(domainsIntent);
                 } else {  // Add a new domain.
                     // Apply the new domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
                     reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                    currentDomainName = "";
 
                     // Get the current domain
-                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
+                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(currentWebView.getUrl());
                     String currentDomain = currentUri.getHost();
 
                     // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
@@ -1669,9 +1016,42 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
                     Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
-                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the new domain and close on back instead of returning to the domains list.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("loadDomain", newDomainDatabaseId);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("closeOnBack", true);
+                    // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("load_domain", newDomainDatabaseId);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                    // Get the current certificate.
+                    SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                    // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                    if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                        // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                        String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                        String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                        String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                        String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                        String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                        String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                        long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                        long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                        // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                    }
+
+                    // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                    if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                        // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                    }
 
                     // Make it so.
                     startActivity(domainsIntent);
@@ -1679,22 +1059,22 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies:
-                // Switch the status of firstPartyCookiesEnabled.
-                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = !firstPartyCookiesEnabled;
+                // Switch the first-party cookie status.
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(!cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                // Store the first-party cookie status.
+                currentWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
-                // Apply the new cookie status.
-                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
                 // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
                 updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.first_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else if (javaScriptEnabled) {  // JavaScript is still enabled.
+                } else if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScript is still enabled.
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.first_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                 } else {  // Privacy mode.
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
@@ -1707,16 +1087,13 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             case R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies:
                 if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
                     // Switch the status of thirdPartyCookiesEnabled.
-                    thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = !thirdPartyCookiesEnabled;
+                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView, !cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
 
                     // Update the menu checkbox.
-                    menuItem.setChecked(thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                    menuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
 
-                    // Apply the new cookie status.
-                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView, thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
-
-                    // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                    if (thirdPartyCookiesEnabled) {
+                    // Display a snackbar.
+                    if (cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView)) {
                         Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.third_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                     } else {
                         Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.third_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
@@ -1728,20 +1105,17 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.toggle_dom_storage:
-                // Switch the status of domStorageEnabled.
-                domStorageEnabled = !domStorageEnabled;
+                // Toggle the status of domStorageEnabled.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(!currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
 
                 // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(domStorageEnabled);
-
-                // Apply the new DOM Storage status.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(domStorageEnabled);
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
 
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` refreshes the app bar icons.
                 updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (domStorageEnabled) {
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled()) {
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                 } else {
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
@@ -1754,16 +1128,13 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
             case R.id.toggle_save_form_data:
                 // Switch the status of saveFormDataEnabled.
-                saveFormDataEnabled = !saveFormDataEnabled;
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(!currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());
 
                 // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(saveFormDataEnabled);
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());
 
-                // Apply the new form data status.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormDataEnabled);
-
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (saveFormDataEnabled) {
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData()) {
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                 } else {
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
@@ -1785,20 +1156,13 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
                             @Override
                             public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the undo button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // `cookieManager.removeAllCookie()` varies by SDK.
-                                        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21) {
-                                            cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
-                                        } else {
-                                            cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
-                                        }
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the cookies, which command varies by SDK.
+                                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21) {
+                                        cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
+                                    } else {
+                                        cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
+                                    }
                                 }
                             }
                         })
@@ -1814,46 +1178,46 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
                             @Override
                             public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the undo button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // Delete the DOM Storage.
-                                        WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
-                                        webStorage.deleteAllData();
-
-                                        // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
-                                        Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
-
-                                        // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
-                                        Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
-                                            try {
-                                                // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                                                Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
-
-                                                // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                                                Process deleteIndexProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                                                Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                                                Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                                                Process deleteDatabasesProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-
-                                                // Wait for the processes to finish.
-                                                deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteDatabasesProcess.waitFor();
-                                            } catch (Exception exception) {
-                                                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                                            }
-                                        };
-
-                                        // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
-                                        deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the DOM Storage.
+                                    WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
+                                    webStorage.deleteAllData();
+
+                                    // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                    Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
+
+                                    // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                    Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
+                                        try {
+                                            // Get a handle for the runtime.
+                                            Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+
+                                            // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`,
+                                            // which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+                                            String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
+                                            // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                                            Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
+
+                                            // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                                            Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+                                            Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
+                                            Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
+                                            Process deleteDatabasesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
+
+                                            // Wait for the processes to finish.
+                                            deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteDatabasesProcess.waitFor();
+                                        } catch (Exception exception) {
+                                            // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+                                        }
+                                    };
+
+                                    // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
+                                    deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
                                 }
                             }
                         })
@@ -1870,17 +1234,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
                             @Override
                             public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the undo button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The snackbar was dismissed without the `Undo` button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // Delete the form data.
-                                        WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(getApplicationContext());
-                                        mainWebViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the form data.
+                                    WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(getApplicationContext());
+                                    mainWebViewDatabase.clearFormData();
                                 }
                             }
                         })
@@ -1889,10 +1246,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             case R.id.easylist:
                 // Toggle the EasyList status.
-                easyListEnabled = !easyListEnabled;
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST));
 
                 // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(easyListEnabled);
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST));
 
                 // Reload the current WebView.
                 currentWebView.reload();
@@ -1900,10 +1257,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             case R.id.easyprivacy:
                 // Toggle the EasyPrivacy status.
-                easyPrivacyEnabled = !easyPrivacyEnabled;
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY));
 
                 // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(easyPrivacyEnabled);
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY));
 
                 // Reload the current WebView.
                 currentWebView.reload();
@@ -1911,14 +1268,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             case R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list:
                 // Toggle Fanboy's Annoyance List status.
-                fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled = !fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled;
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
 
                 // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
 
                 // Update the staus of Fanboy's Social Blocking List.
-                MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
-                fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+                MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
+                fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
 
                 // Reload the current WebView.
                 currentWebView.reload();
@@ -1926,10 +1283,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             case R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list:
                 // Toggle Fanboy's Social Blocking List status.
-                fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled = !fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled;
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
 
                 // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled);
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
 
                 // Reload the current WebView.
                 currentWebView.reload();
@@ -1937,10 +1294,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             case R.id.ultraprivacy:
                 // Toggle the UltraPrivacy status.
-                ultraPrivacyEnabled = !ultraPrivacyEnabled;
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
 
                 // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(ultraPrivacyEnabled);
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
 
                 // Reload the current WebView.
                 currentWebView.reload();
@@ -1948,10 +1305,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             case R.id.block_all_third_party_requests:
                 //Toggle the third-party requests blocker status.
-                blockAllThirdPartyRequests = !blockAllThirdPartyRequests;
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
 
                 // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(blockAllThirdPartyRequests);
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
 
                 // Reload the current WebView.
                 currentWebView.reload();
@@ -2055,7 +1412,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             case R.id.user_agent_custom:
                 // Update the user agent.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultCustomUserAgentString);
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
 
                 // Reload the current WebView.
                 currentWebView.reload();
@@ -2094,11 +1451,25 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.swipe_to_refresh:
+                // Toggle the stored status of swipe to refresh.
+                currentWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(!currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+
                 // Get a handle for the swipe refresh layout.
                 SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-                // Toggle swipe to refresh.
-                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(!swipeRefreshLayout.isEnabled());
+                // Update the swipe refresh layout.
+                if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
+                    // Only enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
+                } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
+                    // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
+                }
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.wide_viewport:
+                // Toggle the viewport.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(!currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.display_images:
@@ -2116,26 +1487,20 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             case R.id.night_mode:
                 // Toggle night mode.
-                nightMode = !nightMode;
+                currentWebView.setNightMode(!currentWebView.getNightMode());
 
                 // Enable or disable JavaScript according to night mode, the global preference, and any domain settings.
-                if (nightMode) {  // Night mode is enabled.  Enable JavaScript.
-                    // Update the global variable.
-                    javaScriptEnabled = true;
+                if (currentWebView.getNightMode()) {  // Night mode is enabled, which requires JavaScript.
+                    // Enable JavaScript.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
                 } else if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are applied.  Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
-                    // Get the JavaScript preference that was stored the last time domain settings were loaded.
-                    javaScriptEnabled = domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled;
+                    // Apply the JavaScript preference that was stored the last time domain settings were loaded.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(currentWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
                 } else {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are not applied.  Set JavaScript according to the global preference.
-                    // Get a handle for the shared preference.
-                    SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
-
-                    // Get the JavaScript preference.
-                    javaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false);
+                    // Apply the JavaScript preference.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false));
                 }
 
-                // Apply the JavaScript setting to the WebView.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
-
                 // Update the privacy icons.
                 updatePrivacyIcons(false);
 
@@ -2147,6 +1512,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Get a handle for the views.
                 Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
                 LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+                EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+
+                // Set the minimum height of the find on page linear layout to match the toolbar.
+                findOnPageLinearLayout.setMinimumHeight(toolbar.getHeight());
 
                 // Hide the toolbar.
                 toolbar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
@@ -2160,20 +1529,55 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Set the focus on `findOnPageEditText`.
                     findOnPageEditText.requestFocus();
 
+                    // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+                    InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+
+                    // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+                    assert inputMethodManager != null;
+
                     // Display the keyboard.  `0` sets no input flags.
                     inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(findOnPageEditText, 0);
                 }, 200);
                 return true;
 
+            case R.id.print:
+                // Get a print manager instance.
+                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
+
+                // Remove the lint error below that print manager might be null.
+                assert printManager != null;
+
+                // Create a print document adapter from the current WebView.
+                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
+
+                // Print the document.
+                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
+                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getUrl(),
+                        currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+
+                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
+                return true;
+
             case R.id.view_source:
-                // Launch the View Source activity.
+                // Create an intent to launch the view source activity.
                 Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
+
+                // Add the variables to the intent.
+                viewSourceIntent.putExtra("user_agent", currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString());
+                viewSourceIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                // Make it so.
                 startActivity(viewSourceIntent);
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.share_url:
                 // Setup the share string.
-                String shareString = currentWebView.getTitle() + " – " + formattedUrlString;
+                String shareString = currentWebView.getTitle() + " – " + currentWebView.getUrl();
 
                 // Create the share intent.
                 Intent shareIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
@@ -2184,34 +1588,12 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, getString(R.string.share_url)));
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.print:
-                // Get a `PrintManager` instance.
-                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
-
-                // Create a print document adapter form the current WebView.
-                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
-
-                // Remove the lint error below that `printManager` might be `null`.
-                assert printManager != null;
-
-                // Print the document.  The print attributes are `null`.
-                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
-                return true;
-
             case R.id.open_with_app:
-                openWithApp(formattedUrlString);
+                openWithApp(currentWebView.getUrl());
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.open_with_browser:
-                openWithBrowser(formattedUrlString);
-                return true;
-
-            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
-                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
-                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), formattedUrlString, favoriteIconBitmap);
-
-                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
-                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
+                openWithBrowser(currentWebView.getUrl());
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
@@ -2245,186 +1627,39 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     }
 
     // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
     @Override
     public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
         // Get the menu item ID.
         int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
 
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
         // Run the commands that correspond to the selected menu item.
         switch (menuItemId) {
-            case R.id.close_tab:
-                // Get a handle for the tab layout.
-                TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
-
-                // Get the current tab number.
-                int currentTabNumber = tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition();
-
-                // Delete the current tab.
-                tabLayout.removeTabAt(currentTabNumber);
-
-                // Delete the current page.
-                webViewPagerAdapter.deletePage(currentTabNumber);
-                break;
-
             case R.id.clear_and_exit:
-                // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
-                bookmarksCursor.close();
-                bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
-
-                // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
-                SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
-
-                // Get the status of the clear everything preference.
-                boolean clearEverything = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_everything", true);
-
-                // Clear cookies.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cookies", true)) {
-                    // The command to remove cookies changed slightly in API 21.
-                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                        cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
-                    } else {
-                        cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
-                    }
-
-                    // Manually delete the cookies database, as `CookieManager` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // Two commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        Process deleteCookiesProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies");
-                        Process deleteCookiesJournalProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies-journal");
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteCookiesProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteCookiesJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Clear DOM storage.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_dom_storage", true)) {
-                    // Ask `WebStorage` to clear the DOM storage.
-                    WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
-                    webStorage.deleteAllData();
-
-                    // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories, as `WebStorage` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
-
-                        // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        Process deleteIndexProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                        Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                        Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                        Process deleteDatabaseProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteDatabaseProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Clear form data if the API < 26.
-                if ((Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) && (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_form_data", true))) {
-                    WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
-                    webViewDatabase.clearFormData();
-
-                    // Manually delete the form data database, as `WebViewDatabase` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // A string array must be used because the database contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not otherwise escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteWebDataProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data"});
-                        Process deleteWebDataJournalProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data-journal"});
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteWebDataProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteWebDataJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Clear the cache.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cache", true)) {
-                    // Clear the cache.
-                    // TODO
-                    currentWebView.clearCache(true);
-
-                    // Manually delete the cache directories.
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the main cache directory.
-                        Process deleteCacheProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
-
-                        // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
-                        // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteServiceWorkerProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteCacheProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteServiceWorkerProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Clear SSL certificate preferences.
-                // TODO
-                currentWebView.clearSslPreferences();
-
-                // Clear the back/forward history.
-                // TODO
-                currentWebView.clearHistory();
-
-                // Clear `formattedUrlString`.
-                formattedUrlString = null;
-
-                // Clear `customHeaders`.
-                customHeaders.clear();
-
-                // Destroy the internal state of `mainWebView`.
-                // TODO
-                currentWebView.destroy();
-
-                // Manually delete the `app_webview` folder, which contains the cookies, DOM storage, form data, and `Service Worker` cache.
-                // See `https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=233826&thanks=233826&ts=1486670530`.
-                if (clearEverything) {
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the folder.
-                        Process deleteAppWebviewProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview");
-
-                        // Wait until the process has finished.
-                        deleteAppWebviewProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Close Privacy Browser.  `finishAndRemoveTask` also removes Privacy Browser from the recent app list.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    finishAndRemoveTask();
-                } else {
-                    finish();
-                }
-
-                // Remove the terminated program from RAM.  The status code is `0`.
-                System.exit(0);
+                // Clear and exit Privacy Browser.
+                clearAndExit();
                 break;
 
             case R.id.home:
-                loadUrl(homepage);
+                // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                    // Load the Tor homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                } else {
+                    // Load the normal homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                }
                 break;
 
             case R.id.back:
                 if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {
-                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-                    formattedUrlString = "";
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                    // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    navigatingHistory = true;
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
                     // Load the previous website in the history.
                     currentWebView.goBack();
@@ -2433,11 +1668,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             case R.id.forward:
                 if (currentWebView.canGoForward()) {
-                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-                    formattedUrlString = "";
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                    // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    navigatingHistory = true;
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
                     // Load the next website in the history.
                     currentWebView.goForward();
@@ -2445,17 +1680,24 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 break;
 
             case R.id.history:
-                // Get the `WebBackForwardList`.
-                WebBackForwardList webBackForwardList = currentWebView.copyBackForwardList();
+                // Instantiate the URL history dialog.
+                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-                // Show the URL history dialog and name this instance `R.string.history`.
-                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(this, webBackForwardList);
+                // Show the URL history dialog.
                 urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
                 break;
 
             case R.id.requests:
-                // Launch the requests activity.
+                // Populate the resource requests.
+                RequestsActivity.resourceRequests = currentWebView.getResourceRequests();
+
+                // Create an intent to launch the Requests activity.
                 Intent requestsIntent = new Intent(this, RequestsActivity.class);
+
+                // Add the block third-party requests status to the intent.
+                requestsIntent.putExtra("block_all_third_party_requests", currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
+
+                // Make it so.
                 startActivity(requestsIntent);
                 break;
 
@@ -2472,10 +1714,46 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             case R.id.domains:
                 // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
                 reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                currentDomainName = "";
 
                 // Launch the domains activity.
                 Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
+
+                // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                // Get the current certificate.
+                SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                    // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                    String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                    String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                    String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                    String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                    String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                    String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                    long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                    long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                    // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                }
+
+                // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                    // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                }
+
+                // Make it so.
                 startActivity(domainsIntent);
                 break;
 
@@ -2485,7 +1763,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
                 reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                currentDomainName = "";
 
                 // Launch the settings activity.
                 Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
@@ -2511,8 +1788,17 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 break;
 
             case R.id.about:
-                // Launch `AboutActivity`.
+                // Create an intent to launch the about activity.
                 Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
+
+                // Create a string array for the blocklist versions.
+                String[] blocklistVersions = new String[] {easyList.get(0).get(0)[0], easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0],
+                        ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0]};
+
+                // Add the blocklist versions to the intent.
+                aboutIntent.putExtra("blocklist_versions", blocklistVersions);
+
+                // Make it so.
                 startActivity(aboutIntent);
                 break;
         }
@@ -2564,20 +1850,22 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
     @Override
     public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View view, ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
-        // Store the `HitTestResult`.
+        // Store the hit test result.
         final WebView.HitTestResult hitTestResult = currentWebView.getHitTestResult();
 
-        // Create strings.
+        // Create the URL strings.
         final String imageUrl;
         final String linkUrl;
 
-        // Get a handle for the the clipboard and fragment managers.
+        // Get handles for the system managers.
         final ClipboardManager clipboardManager = (ClipboardManager) getSystemService(CLIPBOARD_SERVICE);
         FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Remove the lint errors below that `clipboardManager` might be `null`.
+        // Remove the lint errors below that the clipboard manager might be null.
         assert clipboardManager != null;
 
+        // Process the link according to the type.
         switch (hitTestResult.getType()) {
             // `SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE` is a link.
             case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE:
@@ -2587,9 +1875,22 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
                 menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
-                // Add a Load URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.load_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    loadUrl(linkUrl);
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the link URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
                     return false;
                 });
 
@@ -2606,7 +1907,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Add a Download URL entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
                     // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
                         openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
                     } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
                         // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
@@ -2638,18 +1939,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add an Open with App entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
-
-                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
-
                 // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
                 menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
@@ -2680,83 +1969,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Add a Copy Email Address entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
                     // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
-
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcEmailTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
-
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
-
-            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
-                // Get the image URL.
-                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
-
-                // Set the image URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
-
-                // Add a View Image entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
-
-                // Add a Download Image entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
-                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
-                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
-                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
-                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
-
-                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
-                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
-
-                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
-                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
-                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
-                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                            }
-                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
-                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
-
-                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
-                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                        }
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
-
-                // Add a Copy URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcImageTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
-
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
-
-                // Add an Open with App entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
-
-                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
+                    ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
+
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcEmailTypeClipData);
                     return false;
                 });
 
@@ -2764,16 +1980,23 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
 
-
-            // `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.
+            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image. `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.  Privacy Browser processes them the same.
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
             case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
                 // Get the image URL.
                 imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
-                // Set the image URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                // Set the image URL as the title of the context menu.
                 menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
 
-                // Add a `View Image` entry.
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the image URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a View Image entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
                     loadUrl(imageUrl);
                     return false;
@@ -2782,7 +2005,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Add a `Download Image` entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
                     // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
                         openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
                     } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
                         // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
@@ -2834,808 +2057,1221 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
+        }
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+
+        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
+
+        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
+        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
+        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
+
+        // Create the bookmark.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
+
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+
+        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+
+        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
+
+        // Get new folder name string.
+        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
+        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+
+        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
+        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
+            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+
+            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
+            // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+        }
+
+        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
+        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
+            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
+        }
+
+        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
+
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+
+        // Scroll to the new folder.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
+
+        // Store the bookmark strings.
+        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Update the bookmark.
+        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
+        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
+        }
+
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
+
+        // Get the new folder name.
+        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
+        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
+            // Update the name in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
+        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
+            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+
+            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
+
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+            // Update the folder icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
+            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
+
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        }
+
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
+        switch (downloadType) {
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
+
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
+        }
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
+        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+
+        switch (requestCode) {
+            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
+
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
+
+                // Reset the download variables.
+                downloadUrl = "";
+                downloadContentDisposition = "";
+                downloadContentLength = 0;
+                break;
+
+            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
+
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
+
+                // Reset the image URL variable.
+                downloadImageUrl = "";
                 break;
         }
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment) {
-        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
-        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
-        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
+    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
+        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
-        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
-        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
-        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+            // Parse `imageUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
 
-        // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
-        Bitmap favoriteIcon = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-        // Scale the favorite icon bitmap down if it is larger than 256 x 256.  Filtering uses bilinear interpolation.
-        if ((favoriteIcon.getHeight() > 256) || (favoriteIcon.getWidth() > 256)) {
-            favoriteIcon = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(favoriteIcon, 256, 256, true);
-        }
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(imageUrl);
 
-        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
 
-        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-        favoriteIcon.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
+            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            }
 
-        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
-        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
 
-        // Create the bookmark.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
-        // Update the list view.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
 
-        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
-        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+        }
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment) {
-        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
-        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
-        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
-        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
-
-        // Get new folder name string.
-        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
-
-        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
-        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
+        // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
-        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
-        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
-            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+            // Parse `downloadUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
 
-            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
-            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
-            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(downloadUrl);
 
-            // Scale the folder icon bitmap down if it is larger than 256 x 256.  Filtering uses bilinear interpolation.
-            if ((folderIconBitmap.getHeight() > 256) || (folderIconBitmap.getWidth() > 256)) {
-                folderIconBitmap = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(folderIconBitmap, 256, 256, true);
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
             }
-        }
-
-        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
+            String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            }
 
-        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
-        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
-            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
-        }
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
 
-        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(downloadUrl);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
 
-        // Scroll to the new folder.
-        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+        }
     }
 
+    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and and the WebView.
     @Override
-    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId) {
-        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
-        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
-        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
-
-        // Store the bookmark strings.
-        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
-        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+    public void onBackPressed() {
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout and the tab layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
 
-        // Update the bookmark.
-        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
-        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
-            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
-            Bitmap favoriteIcon = favoriteIconBitmap;
+        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
+            // Close the navigation drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
+            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
+                // close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
+                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-            // Scale the favorite icon bitmap down if it is larger than 256 x 256.  Filtering uses bilinear interpolation.
-            if ((favoriteIcon.getHeight() > 256) || (favoriteIcon.getWidth() > 256)) {
-                favoriteIcon = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(favoriteIcon, 256, 256, true);
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
             }
+        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
+            // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+            currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+            // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+            currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            favoriteIcon.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Go back.
+            currentWebView.goBack();
+        } else if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There are at least two tabs.
+            // Close the current tab.
+            closeCurrentTab();
+        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
+            // Run the default commands.
+            super.onBackPressed();
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Manually kill Privacy Browser.  Otherwise, it is glitchy when restarted.
+            System.exit(0);
+        }
+    }
 
-            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
+    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
+    @Override
+    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
+        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            // Pass the file to the WebView.
+            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
         }
+    }
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
+        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
 
-        // Update the list view.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
-    }
+        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
+        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId) {
-        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
-        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
-        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
-        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
+        // Initialize the formatted URL string.
+        String url = "";
 
-        // Get the new folder name.
-        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
+        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {  // This is a Content URL.
+            // Load the entire content URL.
+            url = unformattedUrlString;
+        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://") ||
+                unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a standard URL.
+            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
+            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
+            }
 
-        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
-        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
-            // Update the name in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
-        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
-            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
-            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
+            URL unformattedUrl = null;
 
-            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
-            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
-                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
+            try {
+                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
+            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
+                e.printStackTrace();
+            }
 
-                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
+            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
+            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
+            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
+            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
+            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
 
-                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-                // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = MainWebViewActivity.favoriteIconBitmap;
+            // Build the URI.
+            Uri.Builder uri = new Uri.Builder();
+            uri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
 
-                // Scale the folder icon bitmap down if it is larger than 256 x 256.  Filtering uses bilinear interpolation.
-                if ((folderIconBitmap.getHeight() > 256) || (folderIconBitmap.getWidth() > 256)) {
-                    folderIconBitmap = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(folderIconBitmap, 256, 256, true);
-                }
+            // Decode the URI as a UTF-8 string in.
+            try {
+                url = URLDecoder.decode(uri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                // Do nothing.  The formatted URL string will remain blank.
             }
+        } else if (!unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // This is not a URL, but rather a search string.
+            // Create an encoded URL String.
+            String encodedUrlString;
 
-            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+            // Sanitize the search input.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
+            }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Add the base search URL.
+            url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+        }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
+        urlEditText.clearFocus();
 
-            // Update the folder icon in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
-        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
-            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
-            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
-            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
-                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+        // Make it so.
+        loadUrl(url);
+    }
 
-                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+    private void loadUrl(String url) {
+        // Sanitize the URL.
+        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
 
-                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-                // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = MainWebViewActivity.favoriteIconBitmap;
+        // Apply the domain settings.
+        applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, url, true, false);
 
-                // Scale the folder icon bitmap down if it is larger than 256 x 256.  Filtering uses bilinear interpolation.
-                if ((folderIconBitmap.getHeight() > 256) || (folderIconBitmap.getWidth() > 256)) {
-                    folderIconBitmap = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(folderIconBitmap, 256, 256, true);
-                }
-            }
+        // Load the URL.
+        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
+    }
 
-            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(false);
+    }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(true);
+    }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
+        // Get a handle for the views.
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
-            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
+        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
+
+        // Clear the highlighted phrases if the WebView is not null.
+        if (currentWebView != null) {
+            currentWebView.clearMatches();
         }
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
-    }
+        // Show the toolbar.
+        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
-        switch (downloadType) {
-            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
-                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
-                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                break;
+        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
-                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
-                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                break;
-        }
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+
+        // Hide the keyboard.
+        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(toolbar.getWindowToken(), 0);
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
-        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
-        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+    private void applyAppSettings() {
+        // Initialize the app if this is the first run.  This is done here instead of in `onCreate()` to shorten the time that an unthemed background is displayed on app startup.
+        if (webViewDefaultUserAgent == null) {
+            initializeApp();
+        }
 
-        switch (requestCode) {
-            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
-                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
-                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
-                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
-                } else {
-                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                }
+        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
+        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
+        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
+        sanitizeGoogleAnalytics = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("google_analytics", true);
+        sanitizeFacebookClickIds = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("facebook_click_ids", true);
+        sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("twitter_amp_redirects", true);
+        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
+        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
+        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
+        scrollAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true);
 
-                // Reset the download variables.
-                downloadUrl = "";
-                downloadContentDisposition = "";
-                downloadContentLength = 0;
-                break;
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
+        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
-                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
-                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
+        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
+        assert actionBar != null;
 
-                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
-                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
-                } else {
-                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                }
+        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
 
-                // Reset the image URL variable.
-                downloadImageUrl = "";
-                break;
+        // Set Do Not Track status.
+        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
+            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
+        } else {
+            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
         }
-    }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
-        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
-            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
-            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
+        // Get the current layout parameters.  Using coordinator layout parameters allows the `setBehavior()` command and using app bar layout parameters allows the `setScrollFlags()` command.
+        CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams swipeRefreshLayoutParams = (CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams) swipeRefreshLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams toolbarLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) toolbar.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams findOnPageLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) findOnPageLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams tabsLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) tabsLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+
+        // Add the scrolling behavior to the layout parameters.
+        if (scrollAppBar) {
+            // Enable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(new AppBarLayout.ScrollingViewBehavior());
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+        } else {
+            // Disable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(null);
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+
+            // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
+            appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
+        }
 
-            // Parse `imageUrl`.
-            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
+        // Apply the modified layout parameters.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setLayoutParams(swipeRefreshLayoutParams);
+        toolbar.setLayoutParams(toolbarLayoutParams);
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(findOnPageLayoutParams);
+        tabsLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(tabsLayoutParams);
 
-            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
-            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
-            if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {
-                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
-                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(imageUrl);
+        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
-                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+
+            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+
+                // Set the app bar scrolling.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(scrollAppBar);
             }
+        }
 
-            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
-            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
-            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
+        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
+            if (hideAppBar) {
+                // Hide the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-            // Specify the download location.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
-                // Download to the public download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
-            } else {  // External write permission denied.
-                // Download to the app's external download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+                // Hide the action bar.
+                actionBar.hide();
+            } else {
+                // Show the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+                // Show the action bar.
+                actionBar.show();
             }
 
-            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
-            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+            }
 
-            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
-            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
-            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
+            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
 
-            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
-            assert downloadManager != null;
+            // Show the tab linear layout.
+            tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-            // Initiate the download.
-            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
-        } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+            // Show the action bar.
+            actionBar.show();
+
+            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
+                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+            }
+
+            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+
+            // Add the translucent status flag.
+            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
         }
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
-        // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-        if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
-            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
-            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
+    private void initializeApp() {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Get the theme preference.
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+
+        // Get a handle for the input method.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+
+        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
+        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
+        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+
+        // Get handles for the URL views.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+
+        // Remove the formatting from the URL edit text when the user is editing the text.
+        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
+            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
+                // Remove the highlighting.
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
+            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
+                // Move to the beginning of the string.
+                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
 
-            // Parse `downloadUrl`.
-            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
+                // Reapply the highlighting.
+                highlightUrlText();
+            }
+        });
 
-            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
-            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
-            if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {
-                // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
-                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(downloadUrl);
+        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
+        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
+            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
+                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
+                loadUrlFromTextBox();
 
-                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
-                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {
+                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
+                return false;
             }
+        });
 
-            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
-            EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
-            String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Initialize the Orbot status and the waiting for Orbot trackers.
+        orbotStatus = "unknown";
+        waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-            // Specify the download location.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
-                // Download to the public download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
-            } else {  // External write permission denied.
-                // Download to the app's external download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
-            }
+        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
+        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
+            @Override
+            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
+                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
+                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
 
-            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
-            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
+                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
+                    // Reset the waiting for Orbot status.
+                    waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
-            downloadRequest.setDescription(downloadUrl);
+                    // Get the intent that started the app.
+                    Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
 
-            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
-            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+                    // Get the information from the intent.
+                    String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
+                    Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
 
-            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
-            assert downloadManager != null;
+                    // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+                    if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
+                        // Create an encoded URL string.
+                        String encodedUrlString;
 
-            // Initiate the download.
-            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
-        } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
-        }
-    }
+                        // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                        try {
+                            encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                            encodedUrlString = "";
+                        }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onHttpAuthenticationCancel() {
-        // Cancel the `HttpAuthHandler`.
-        httpAuthHandler.cancel();
-    }
+                        // Load the completed search URL.
+                        loadUrl(searchURL + encodedUrlString);
+                    } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
+                        // Load the URL from the intent.
+                        loadUrl(launchingIntentUriData.toString());
+                    } else {  // The is no URL in the intent.
+                        // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                            // Load the Tor homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                        } else {
+                            // Load the normal homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
+            }
+        };
 
-    @Override
-    public void onHttpAuthenticationProceed(DialogFragment dialogFragment) {
-        // Get handles for the `EditTexts`.
-        EditText usernameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.http_authentication_username);
-        EditText passwordEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.http_authentication_password);
+        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
+        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
 
-        // Proceed with the HTTP authentication.
-        httpAuthHandler.proceed(usernameEditText.getText().toString(), passwordEditText.getText().toString());
-    }
+        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSslErrorCancel() {
-        sslErrorHandler.cancel();
-    }
+        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
+        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSslErrorProceed() {
-        sslErrorHandler.proceed();
-    }
+        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
+        Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
+        MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(2);
+        MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
+        MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
+        MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onPinnedMismatchBack() {
-        if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is a back page in the history.
-            // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-            formattedUrlString = "";
+        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
+        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-            // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-            navigatingHistory = true;
+            @Override
+            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
+                // Close the find on page bar if it is open.
+                closeFindOnPage(null);
 
-            // Go back.
-            currentWebView.goBack();
-        } else {  // There are no pages to go back to.
-            // Load a blank page
-            loadUrl("");
-        }
-    }
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(position);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onPinnedMismatchProceed() {
-        // Do not check the pinned information for this domain again until the domain changes.
-        ignorePinnedDomainInformation = true;
-    }
+                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager or by creating a new tab.
+                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
+                    // Create a handler to select the tab.
+                    Handler selectTabHandler = new Handler();
 
-    @Override
-    public void onUrlHistoryEntrySelected(int moveBackOrForwardSteps) {
-        // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-        formattedUrlString = "";
+                    // Create a runnable to select the tab.
+                    Runnable selectTabRunnable = () -> {
+                        // Get a handle for the tab.
+                        TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
 
-        // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-        navigatingHistory = true;
+                        // Assert that the tab is not null.
+                        assert tab != null;
 
-        // Load the history entry.
-        currentWebView.goBackOrForward(moveBackOrForwardSteps);
-    }
+                        // Select the tab.
+                        tab.select();
+                    };
 
-    @Override
-    public void onClearHistory() {
-        // Clear the history.
-        currentWebView.clearHistory();
-    }
+                    // Select the tab layout after 150 milliseconds, which leaves enough time for a new tab to be inflated.
+                    selectTabHandler.postDelayed(selectTabRunnable, 150);
+                }
+            }
 
-    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and `mainWebView`.
-    @Override
-    public void onBackPressed() {
-        // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+        });
 
-        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
-            // Close the navigation drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
-            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
-                // close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
-                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
+        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Select the same page in the view pager.
+                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
+            }
 
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            @Override
+            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Do nothing.
             }
 
-        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
-            // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-            formattedUrlString = "";
+            @Override
+            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = ViewSslCertificateDialog.displayDialog(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-            // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-            navigatingHistory = true;
+                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
+            }
+        });
 
-            // Go back.
-            currentWebView.goBack();
-        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
-            // Pass `onBackPressed()` to the system.
-            super.onBackPressed();
+        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
+        // The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21 and and `getResources().getColor()` must be used until the minimum API >= 23.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
+        } else {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
         }
-    }
 
-    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
-    @Override
-    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
-        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-            // Pass the file to the WebView.
-            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
-        }
-    }
+        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
+        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
+            Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon();
 
-    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
-        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
-        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
-        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
-        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
-            // Load the entire content URL.
-            formattedUrlString = unformattedUrlString;
-        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://")
-                || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {
-            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
-            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
-                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
-            }
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
-            URL unformattedUrl = null;
+            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
+            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
 
-            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
-            try {
-                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
-            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
-                e.printStackTrace();
-            }
+            // Add the extra information to the intent.
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_title", currentWebView.getTitle());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("favorite_icon_byte_array", favoriteIconByteArray);
 
-            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
-            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
-            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
-            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
-            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
-            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
+            // Make it so.
+            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
+        });
 
-            // Build the URI.
-            Uri.Builder formattedUri = new Uri.Builder();
-            formattedUri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
+        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Create a create bookmark folder dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.createBookmarkFolder(currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-            // Decode `formattedUri` as a `String` in `UTF-8`.
-            try {
-                formattedUrlString = URLDecoder.decode(formattedUri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                // Load a blank string.
-                formattedUrlString = "";
+            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog.
+            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_folder));
+        });
+
+        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
+            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+
+            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
+            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
+        });
+
+        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
+        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
+            @Override
+            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
+                // Do nothing.
             }
-        } else if (unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // Load a blank web site.
-            // Load a blank string.
-            formattedUrlString = "";
-        } else {  // Search for the contents of the URL box.
-            // Create an encoded URL String.
-            String encodedUrlString;
 
-            // Sanitize the search input.
-            try {
-                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                encodedUrlString = "";
+            @Override
+            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
+                // Do nothing.
             }
 
-            // Add the base search URL.
-            formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-        }
+            @Override
+            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
+                // Search for the text in the WebView if it is not null.  Sometimes on resume after a period of non-use the WebView will be null.
+                if (currentWebView != null) {
+                    currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
+                }
+            }
+        });
 
-        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
-        urlEditText.clearFocus();
+        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
+        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
+                // Hide the soft keyboard.
+                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
 
-        // Make it so.
-        loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
-    }
+                // Consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
+                // Do not consume the event.
+                return false;
+            }
+        });
 
-    private void loadUrl(String url) {// Apply any custom domain settings.
-        // Set the URL as the formatted URL string so that checking third-party requests works correctly.
-        formattedUrlString = url;
+        // Implement swipe to refresh.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
 
-        // Apply the domain settings.
-        applyDomainSettings(url, true, false);
+        // Store the default progress view offsets for use later in `initializeWebView()`.
+        defaultProgressViewStartOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset();
+        defaultProgressViewEndOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset();
 
-        // If loading a website, set `urlIsLoading` to prevent changes in the user agent on websites with redirects from reloading the current website.
-        urlIsLoading = !url.equals("");
+        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
+        } else {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
+        }
 
-        // Load the URL.
-        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
-    }
+        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
 
-    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
-        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
-        currentWebView.findNext(false);
-    }
+        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
-    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
-        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
-        currentWebView.findNext(true);
-    }
+        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
+        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
 
-    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
-        // Get a handle for the views.
-        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
-        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
+        loadBookmarksFolder();
 
-        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
-        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
+            int databaseID = (int) id;
 
-        // Clear the highlighted phrases.
-        currentWebView.clearMatches();
+            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
+            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
+            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
 
-        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
-        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
+            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
+                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
 
-        // Show the toolbar.
-        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
+                // Load the bookmark URL.
+                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
 
-        // Hide the keyboard.
-        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
-    }
+                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
 
-    private void applyAppSettings() {
-        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+            // Close the `Cursor`.
+            bookmarkCursor.close();
+        });
 
-        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
-        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
-        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
-        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
-        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
-        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
-        downloadWithExternalApp = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false);
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
+            int databaseId = (int) id;
 
-        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.  `getSupportActionBar()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
-        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
-        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
+            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
 
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warnings below that the action bar might be null.
-        assert actionBar != null;
+            if (isFolder) {
+                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
+                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
 
-        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
-        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
+                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_folder));
+            } else {
+                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
+            }
 
-        // Set Do Not Track status.
-        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
-            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
-        } else {
-            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
-        }
+            // Consume the event.
+            return true;
+        });
 
-        // TODO this also needs to be set when creating a new tab.
-        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
-        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
 
-            // Get the fragment view.
-            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
 
-            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
-            if (fragmentView != null) {
-                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
 
-                // Set the app bar scrolling.
-                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true));
+        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
+        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
             }
-        }
 
-        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
-        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
-            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
-            if (hideAppBar) {
-                actionBar.hide();
-            } else {
-                actionBar.show();
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
             }
 
-            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
-            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
             }
 
-            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
-            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
+                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
+                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
+                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
+                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
 
-            /* Hide the system bars.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-             */
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
-                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
-            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
-            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
 
-            // Show the app bar.
-            actionBar.show();
+                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
 
-            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
-            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
-                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), fragmentManager, getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+                    // Update the navigation menu items if the WebView is not null.
+                    if (currentWebView != null) {
+                        navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoBack());
+                        navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoForward());
+                        navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((currentWebView.canGoBack() || currentWebView.canGoForward()));
+                        navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+
+                        // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
+                        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+                    }
+
+                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
+                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
+                    currentWebView.clearFocus();
+                }
             }
+        });
 
-            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
+        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
 
-            // Add the translucent status flag.
-            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-        }
-    }
+        // Inflate a bare WebView to get the default user agent.  It is not used to render content on the screen.
+        @SuppressLint("InflateParams") View webViewLayout = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bare_webview, null, false);
 
+        // Get a handle for the WebView.
+        WebView bareWebView = webViewLayout.findViewById(R.id.bare_webview);
 
-    // `reloadWebsite` is used if returning from the Domains activity.  Otherwise JavaScript might not function correctly if it is newly enabled.
-    // The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-    private boolean applyDomainSettings(String url, boolean resetFavoriteIcon, boolean reloadWebsite) {
-        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
-        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+        // Store the default user agent.
+        webViewDefaultUserAgent = bareWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
-        // Get the current user agent.
-        String initialUserAgent = currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+        // Destroy the bare WebView.
+        bareWebView.destroy();
+    }
 
-        // Initialize a variable to track if the user agent changes.
-        boolean userAgentChanged = false;
+    // `reloadWebsite` is used if returning from the Domains activity.  Otherwise JavaScript might not function correctly if it is newly enabled.
+    @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
+    private boolean applyDomainSettings(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, String url, boolean resetTab, boolean reloadWebsite) {
+        // Store a copy of the current user agent to track changes for the return boolean.
+        String initialUserAgent = nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
         // Parse the URL into a URI.
         Uri uri = Uri.parse(url);
 
         // Extract the domain from `uri`.
-        String hostName = uri.getHost();
-
-        // Initialize `loadingNewDomainName`.
-        boolean loadingNewDomainName;
-
-        // If either `hostName` or `currentDomainName` are `null`, run the options for loading a new domain name.
-        // The lint suggestion to simplify the `if` statement is incorrect, because `hostName.equals(currentDomainName)` can produce a `null object reference.`
-        //noinspection SimplifiableIfStatement
-        if ((hostName == null) || (currentDomainName == null)) {
-            loadingNewDomainName = true;
-        } else {  // Determine if `hostName` equals `currentDomainName`.
-            loadingNewDomainName = !hostName.equals(currentDomainName);
-        }
+        String newHostName = uri.getHost();
 
         // Strings don't like to be null.
-        if (hostName == null) {
-            hostName = "";
+        if (newHostName == null) {
+            newHostName = "";
         }
 
-        // Only apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
-        if (loadingNewDomainName) {
-            // Set the new `hostname` as the `currentDomainName`.
-            currentDomainName = hostName;
+        // Apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded or if the new domain is blank.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
+        if (!nestedScrollWebView.getCurrentDomainName().equals(newHostName) || newHostName.equals("")) {
+            // Set the new host name as the current domain name.
+            nestedScrollWebView.setCurrentDomainName(newHostName);
 
             // Reset the ignoring of pinned domain information.
-            ignorePinnedDomainInformation = false;
+            nestedScrollWebView.setIgnorePinnedDomainInformation(false);
+
+            // Clear any pinned SSL certificate or IP addresses.
+            nestedScrollWebView.clearPinnedSslCertificate();
+            nestedScrollWebView.clearPinnedIpAddresses();
 
             // Reset the favorite icon if specified.
-            if (resetFavoriteIcon) {
-                // Store the favorite icon bitmap.
-                favoriteIconBitmap = favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
+            if (resetTab) {
+                // Initialize the favorite icon.
+                nestedScrollWebView.initializeFavoriteIcon();
+
+                // Get the current page position.
+                int currentPagePosition = webViewPagerAdapter.getPositionForId(nestedScrollWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
                 // Get a handle for the tab layout.
                 TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
 
-                // Get the current tab.
-                TabLayout.Tab currentTab = tabLayout.getTabAt(tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition());
+                // Get the corresponding tab.
+                TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(currentPagePosition);
 
-                // Remove the warning below that the current tab might be null.
-                assert currentTab != null;
+                // Update the tab if it isn't null, which sometimes happens when restarting from the background.
+                if (tab != null) {
+                    // Get the tab custom view.
+                    View tabCustomView = tab.getCustomView();
 
-                // Get the current tab custom view.
-                View currentTabCustomView = currentTab.getCustomView();
+                    // Remove the warning below that the tab custom view might be null.
+                    assert tabCustomView != null;
 
-                // Remove the warning below that the current tab custom view might be null.
-                assert currentTabCustomView != null;
+                    // Get the tab views.
+                    ImageView tabFavoriteIconImageView = tabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon_imageview);
+                    TextView tabTitleTextView = tabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
 
-                // Get the current tab favorite icon image view.
-                ImageView currentTabFavoriteIconImageView = currentTabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon_imageview);
+                    // Set the default favorite icon as the favorite icon for this tab.
+                    tabFavoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(nestedScrollWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon(), 64, 64, true));
 
-                // Set the default favorite icon as the favorite icon for this tab.
-                currentTabFavoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(favoriteIconBitmap, 64, 64, true));
+                    // Set the loading title text.
+                    tabTitleTextView.setText(R.string.loading);
+                }
             }
 
-            // Get a handle for the swipe refresh layout.
-            SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
-
             // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
             DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
@@ -3664,367 +3300,396 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             String domainNameInDatabase = null;
 
             // Check the hostname against the domain settings set.
-            if (domainSettingsSet.contains(hostName)) {  // The hostname is contained in the domain settings set.
+            if (domainSettingsSet.contains(newHostName)) {  // The hostname is contained in the domain settings set.
                 // Record the domain name in the database.
-                domainNameInDatabase = hostName;
+                domainNameInDatabase = newHostName;
 
                 // Set the domain settings applied tracker to true.
-                currentWebView.setDomainSettingsApplied(true);
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsApplied(true);
             } else {  // The hostname is not contained in the domain settings set.
                 // Set the domain settings applied tracker to false.
-                currentWebView.setDomainSettingsApplied(false);
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsApplied(false);
             }
 
             // Check all the subdomains of the host name against wildcard domains in the domain cursor.
-            while (!currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied() && hostName.contains(".")) {  // Stop checking if domain settings are already applied or there are no more `.` in the host name.
-                if (domainSettingsSet.contains("*." + hostName)) {  // Check the host name prepended by `*.`.
+            while (!nestedScrollWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied() && newHostName.contains(".")) {  // Stop checking if domain settings are already applied or there are no more `.` in the host name.
+                if (domainSettingsSet.contains("*." + newHostName)) {  // Check the host name prepended by `*.`.
                     // Set the domain settings applied tracker to true.
-                    currentWebView.setDomainSettingsApplied(true);
+                    nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsApplied(true);
 
                     // Store the applied domain names as it appears in the database.
-                    domainNameInDatabase = "*." + hostName;
+                    domainNameInDatabase = "*." + newHostName;
                 }
 
                 // Strip out the lowest subdomain of of the host name.
-                hostName = hostName.substring(hostName.indexOf(".") + 1);
+                newHostName = newHostName.substring(newHostName.indexOf(".") + 1);
             }
 
 
-            // Get a handle for the shared preference.
+            // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
             SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
             // Store the general preference information.
             String defaultFontSizeString = sharedPreferences.getString("font_size", getString(R.string.font_size_default_value));
             String defaultUserAgentName = sharedPreferences.getString("user_agent", getString(R.string.user_agent_default_value));
-            defaultCustomUserAgentString = sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value));
             boolean defaultSwipeToRefresh = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("swipe_to_refresh", true);
-            nightMode = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false);
+            boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+            boolean wideViewport = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("wide_viewport", true);
             boolean displayWebpageImages = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
 
-            if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // The url has custom domain settings.
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+
+            // Get handles for the views.
+            RelativeLayout urlRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.url_relativelayout);
+            SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+
+            // Initialize the user agent array adapter and string array.
+            ArrayAdapter<CharSequence> userAgentNamesArray = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this, R.array.user_agent_names, R.layout.spinner_item);
+            String[] userAgentDataArray = getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data);
+
+            if (nestedScrollWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // The url has custom domain settings.
                 // Get a cursor for the current host and move it to the first position.
-                Cursor currentHostDomainSettingsCursor = domainsDatabaseHelper.getCursorForDomainName(domainNameInDatabase);
-                currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.moveToFirst();
+                Cursor currentDomainSettingsCursor = domainsDatabaseHelper.getCursorForDomainName(domainNameInDatabase);
+                currentDomainSettingsCursor.moveToFirst();
 
                 // Get the settings from the cursor.
-                currentWebView.setDomainSettingsDatabaseId(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper._ID)));
-                javaScriptEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_JAVASCRIPT)) == 1);
-                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FIRST_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
-                thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_THIRD_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
-                domStorageEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_DOM_STORAGE)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsDatabaseId(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper._ID)));
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_JAVASCRIPT)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FIRST_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
+                boolean domainThirdPartyCookiesEnabled = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_THIRD_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_DOM_STORAGE)) == 1);
                 // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-                saveFormDataEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FORM_DATA)) == 1);
-                easyListEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_EASYLIST)) == 1);
-                easyPrivacyEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_EASYPRIVACY)) == 1);
-                fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST)) == 1);
-                fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST)) == 1);
-                ultraPrivacyEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_ULTRAPRIVACY)) == 1);
-                blockAllThirdPartyRequests = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.BLOCK_ALL_THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS)) == 1);
-                String userAgentName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.USER_AGENT));
-                int fontSize = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.FONT_SIZE));
-                int swipeToRefreshInt = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH));
-                int nightModeInt = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE));
-                int displayWebpageImagesInt = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_IMAGES));
-                pinnedSslCertificate = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_SSL_CERTIFICATE)) == 1);
-                pinnedSslIssuedToCName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_COMMON_NAME));
-                pinnedSslIssuedToOName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATION));
-                pinnedSslIssuedToUName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
-                pinnedSslIssuedByCName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_COMMON_NAME));
-                pinnedSslIssuedByOName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATION));
-                pinnedSslIssuedByUName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
-                pinnedIpAddresses = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_IP_ADDRESSES)) == 1);
-                pinnedHostIpAddresses = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.IP_ADDRESSES));
-
-                // Set `nightMode` according to `nightModeInt`.  If `nightModeInt` is `DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_SYSTEM_DEFAULT` the current setting from `sharedPreferences` will be used.
-                switch (nightModeInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_ENABLED:
-                        nightMode = true;
-                        break;
+                boolean saveFormData = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FORM_DATA)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_EASYLIST)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_EASYPRIVACY)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_ULTRAPRIVACY)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.BLOCK_ALL_THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS)) == 1);
+                String userAgentName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.USER_AGENT));
+                int fontSize = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.FONT_SIZE));
+                int swipeToRefreshInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH));
+                int nightModeInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE));
+                int wideViewportInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.WIDE_VIEWPORT));
+                int displayWebpageImagesInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_IMAGES));
+                boolean pinnedSslCertificate = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_SSL_CERTIFICATE)) == 1);
+                String pinnedSslIssuedToCName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_COMMON_NAME));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedToOName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATION));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedToUName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedByCName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_COMMON_NAME));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedByOName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATION));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedByUName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
+                boolean pinnedIpAddresses = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_IP_ADDRESSES)) == 1);
+                String pinnedHostIpAddresses = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.IP_ADDRESSES));
+
+                // Create the pinned SSL date variables.
+                Date pinnedSslStartDate;
+                Date pinnedSslEndDate;
+
+                // Set the pinned SSL certificate start date to `null` if the saved date `long` is 0 because creating a new Date results in an error if the input is 0.
+                if (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_START_DATE)) == 0) {
+                    pinnedSslStartDate = null;
+                } else {
+                    pinnedSslStartDate = new Date(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_START_DATE)));
+                }
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_DISABLED:
-                        nightMode = false;
-                        break;
+                // Set the pinned SSL certificate end date to `null` if the saved date `long` is 0 because creating a new Date results in an error if the input is 0.
+                if (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_END_DATE)) == 0) {
+                    pinnedSslEndDate = null;
+                } else {
+                    pinnedSslEndDate = new Date(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_END_DATE)));
                 }
 
-                // Store the domain JavaScript status.  This is used by the options menu night mode toggle.
-                domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled = javaScriptEnabled;
+                // If there is a pinned SSL certificate, store it in the WebView.
+                if (pinnedSslCertificate) {
+                    nestedScrollWebView.setPinnedSslCertificate(pinnedSslIssuedToCName, pinnedSslIssuedToOName, pinnedSslIssuedToUName, pinnedSslIssuedByCName, pinnedSslIssuedByOName, pinnedSslIssuedByUName,
+                            pinnedSslStartDate, pinnedSslEndDate);
+                }
 
-                // Enable JavaScript if night mode is enabled.
-                if (nightMode) {
-                    javaScriptEnabled = true;
+                // If there is a pinned IP address, store it in the WebView.
+                if (pinnedIpAddresses) {
+                    nestedScrollWebView.setPinnedIpAddresses(pinnedHostIpAddresses);
                 }
 
-                // Set the pinned SSL certificate start date to `null` if the saved date `long` is 0.
-                if (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_START_DATE)) == 0) {
-                    pinnedSslStartDate = null;
-                } else {
-                    pinnedSslStartDate = new Date(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_START_DATE)));
+                // Set night mode according to the night mode int.
+                switch (nightModeInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        // Set night mode according to the current default.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false));
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        // Enable night mode.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(true);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        // Disable night mode.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(false);
+                        break;
                 }
 
-                // Set the pinned SSL certificate end date to `null` if the saved date `long` is 0.
-                if (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_END_DATE)) == 0) {
-                    pinnedSslEndDate = null;
+                // Enable JavaScript if night mode is enabled.
+                if (nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {
+                    // Enable JavaScript.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
                 } else {
-                    pinnedSslEndDate = new Date(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_END_DATE)));
+                    // Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(nestedScrollWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
                 }
 
-                // Close `currentHostDomainSettingsCursor`.
-                currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.close();
+                // Close the current host domain settings cursor.
+                currentDomainSettingsCursor.close();
 
                 // Apply the domain settings.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
-                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(domStorageEnabled);
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(nestedScrollWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies());
+
+                // Set third-party cookies status if API >= 21.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(nestedScrollWebView, domainThirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                }
 
                 // Apply the form data setting if the API < 26.
                 if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
-                    currentWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormDataEnabled);
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormData);
                 }
 
                 // Apply the font size.
                 if (fontSize == 0) {  // Apply the default font size.
-                    currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(Integer.valueOf(defaultFontSizeString));
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(Integer.valueOf(defaultFontSizeString));
                 } else {  // Apply the specified font size.
-                    currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(fontSize);
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(fontSize);
                 }
 
-                // Set third-party cookies status if API >= 21.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView, thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
-                }
+                // Set the user agent.
+                if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
+                    // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
+                    int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
 
-                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.
-                // <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
-                if (!urlIsLoading) {
-                    // Set the user agent.
-                    if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
-                        // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
-                        int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
-
-                        // Set the user agent according to the system default.
-                        switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
-                            case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
-                                // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
-                                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the custom user agent.
-                                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultCustomUserAgentString);
-                                break;
-
-                            default:
-                                // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
-                                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
-                        }
-                    } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
-                        // Get the array position of the user agent name.
-                        int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
-
-                        switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
-                            case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
-                                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                                break;
-
-                            default:
-                                // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
-                                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
-                        }
+                    // Set the user agent according to the system default.
+                    switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the default custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                            break;
+
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
                     }
+                } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
+                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
+
+                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
+                            break;
 
-                    // Store the applied user agent string, which is used in the View Source activity.
-                    appliedUserAgentString = currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
 
-                    // Update the user agent change tracker.
-                    userAgentChanged = !appliedUserAgentString.equals(initialUserAgent);
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
+                    }
                 }
 
                 // Set swipe to refresh.
                 switch (swipeToRefreshInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
-                        // Set swipe to refresh according to the default.
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
+
+                        // Apply swipe to refresh according to the default.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 23 because it is continuously set by an on scroll change listener.
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_ENABLED:
-                        // Enable swipe to refresh.
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(true);
+
+                        // Enable swipe to refresh.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 23 because it is continuously set by an on scroll change listener.
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_DISABLED:
-                        // Disable swipe to refresh.
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(false);
+
+                        // Disable swipe to refresh.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 23 because it is continuously set by an on scroll change listener.
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
                 }
 
+                // Set the viewport.
+                switch (wideViewportInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(wideViewport);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
+                        break;
+                }
+
                 // Set the loading of webpage images.
                 switch (displayWebpageImagesInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
-                        currentWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_ENABLED:
-                        currentWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_DISABLED:
-                        currentWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
                         break;
                 }
 
-                // Set a green background on URL edit text to indicate that custom domain settings are being used. The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
+                // Set a green background on the URL relative layout to indicate that custom domain settings are being used. The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
                 if (darkTheme) {
-                    urlEditText.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_dark_blue));
+                    urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_dark_blue));
                 } else {
-                    urlEditText.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_light_green));
+                    urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_light_green));
                 }
             } else {  // The new URL does not have custom domain settings.  Load the defaults.
-                // Store the values from `sharedPreferences` in variables.
-                javaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false);
-                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("first_party_cookies", false);
-                thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("third_party_cookies", false);
-                domStorageEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dom_storage", false);
-                saveFormDataEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("save_form_data", false);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-                easyListEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("easylist", true);
-                easyPrivacyEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("easyprivacy", true);
-                fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("fanboys_annoyance_list", true);
-                fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("fanboys_social_blocking_list", true);
-                ultraPrivacyEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("ultraprivacy", true);
-                blockAllThirdPartyRequests = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("block_all_third_party_requests", false);
-
-                // Set `javaScriptEnabled` to be `true` if `night_mode` is `true`.
-                if (nightMode) {
-                    javaScriptEnabled = true;
+                // Store the values from the shared preferences.
+                boolean defaultJavaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false);
+                nestedScrollWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("first_party_cookies", false));
+                boolean defaultThirdPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("third_party_cookies", false);
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dom_storage", false));
+                boolean saveFormData = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("save_form_data", false);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("easylist", true));
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("easyprivacy", true));
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("fanboys_annoyance_list", true));
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("fanboys_social_blocking_list", true));
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("ultraprivacy", true));
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("block_all_third_party_requests", false));
+                nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false));
+
+                // Enable JavaScript if night mode is enabled.
+                if (nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {
+                    // Enable JavaScript.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
+                } else {
+                    // Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(defaultJavaScriptEnabled);
                 }
 
                 // Apply the default settings.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
-                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(domStorageEnabled);
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(Integer.valueOf(defaultFontSizeString));
-                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(nestedScrollWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies());
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(Integer.valueOf(defaultFontSizeString));
 
                 // Apply the form data setting if the API < 26.
                 if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
-                    currentWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormDataEnabled);
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormData);
                 }
 
+                // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
+
+                // Apply swipe to refresh according to the default.
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
+
                 // Reset the pinned variables.
-                currentWebView.setDomainSettingsDatabaseId(-1);
-                pinnedSslCertificate = false;
-                pinnedSslIssuedToCName = "";
-                pinnedSslIssuedToOName = "";
-                pinnedSslIssuedToUName = "";
-                pinnedSslIssuedByCName = "";
-                pinnedSslIssuedByOName = "";
-                pinnedSslIssuedByUName = "";
-                pinnedSslStartDate = null;
-                pinnedSslEndDate = null;
-                pinnedIpAddresses = false;
-                pinnedHostIpAddresses = "";
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsDatabaseId(-1);
 
                 // Set third-party cookies status if API >= 21.
                 if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView, thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(nestedScrollWebView, defaultThirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
                 }
 
-                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.
-                // <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
-                if (!urlIsLoading) {
-                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
-                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
-
-                    // Set the user agent.
-                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
-                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
-                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
-                            currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
-                            break;
-
-                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                            currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                            break;
+                // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
 
-                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
-                            // Set the custom user agent.
-                            currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultCustomUserAgentString);
-                            break;
+                // Set the user agent.
+                switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                    case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                        // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                        break;
 
-                        default:
-                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
-                            currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
-                    }
+                    case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                        // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                        break;
 
-                    // Store the applied user agent string, which is used in the View Source activity.
-                    appliedUserAgentString = currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+                    case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                        // Set the default custom user agent.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                        break;
 
-                    // Update the user agent change tracker.
-                    userAgentChanged = !appliedUserAgentString.equals(initialUserAgent);
+                    default:
+                        // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
                 }
 
+                // Set the viewport.
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(wideViewport);
+
                 // Set the loading of webpage images.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
 
-                // Set a transparent background on URL edit text.  The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
-                urlEditText.setBackgroundDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
+                // Set a transparent background on URL edit text.  The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
+                urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
             }
 
             // Close the domains database helper.
             domainsDatabaseHelper.close();
 
-            // Update the privacy icons, but only if `mainMenu` has already been populated.
-            if (mainMenu != null) {
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
-            }
+            // Update the privacy icons.
+            updatePrivacyIcons(true);
         }
 
         // Reload the website if returning from the Domains activity.
         if (reloadWebsite) {
-            currentWebView.reload();
+            nestedScrollWebView.reload();
         }
 
         // Return the user agent changed status.
-        return userAgentChanged;
+        return !nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString().equals(initialUserAgent);
     }
 
     private void applyProxyThroughOrbot(boolean reloadWebsite) {
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Get the search preferences.
-        String homepageString = sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value));
-        String torHomepageString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value));
+        // Get the search and theme preferences.
         String torSearchString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search", getString(R.string.tor_search_default_value));
         String torSearchCustomUrlString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search_custom_url", getString(R.string.tor_search_custom_url_default_value));
         String searchString = sharedPreferences.getString("search", getString(R.string.search_default_value));
         String searchCustomUrlString = sharedPreferences.getString("search_custom_url", getString(R.string.search_custom_url_default_value));
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-        // Get a handle for the action bar.  `getSupportActionBar()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
-        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
-
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warning later that the action bar might be null.
-        assert actionBar != null;
+        // Get a handle for the app bar layout.
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
 
         // Set the homepage, search, and proxy options.
         if (proxyThroughOrbot) {  // Set the Tor options.
-            // Set `torHomepageString` as `homepage`.
-            homepage = torHomepageString;
-
-            // If formattedUrlString is null assign the homepage to it.
-            if (formattedUrlString == null) {
-                formattedUrlString = homepage;
-            }
-
             // Set the search URL.
             if (torSearchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
                 searchURL = torSearchCustomUrlString;
@@ -4035,11 +3700,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Set the proxy.  `this` refers to the current activity where an `AlertDialog` might be displayed.
             OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "localhost", "8118");
 
-            // Set the `appBar` background to indicate proxying through Orbot is enabled.  `this` refers to the context.
+            // Set the app bar background to indicate proxying through Orbot is enabled.
             if (darkTheme) {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.dark_blue_30));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.dark_blue_30);
             } else {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.blue_50));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.blue_50);
             }
 
             // Check to see if Orbot is ready.
@@ -4051,20 +3716,12 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
                 // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-                currentWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHtmlString, "text/html", null);
+                currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
             } else if (reloadWebsite) {  // Orbot is ready and the website should be reloaded.
                 // Reload the website.
                 currentWebView.reload();
             }
         } else {  // Set the non-Tor options.
-            // Set `homepageString` as `homepage`.
-            homepage = homepageString;
-
-            // If formattedUrlString is null assign the homepage to it.
-            if (formattedUrlString == null) {
-                formattedUrlString = homepage;
-            }
-
             // Set the search URL.
             if (searchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
                 searchURL = searchCustomUrlString;
@@ -4075,11 +3732,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Reset the proxy to default.  The host is `""` and the port is `"0"`.
             OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "", "0");
 
-            // Set the default `appBar` background.  `this` refers to the context.
+            // Set the default app bar layout background.
             if (darkTheme) {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_900));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.gray_900);
             } else {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_100));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.gray_100);
             }
 
             // Reset `waitingForOrbot.
@@ -4109,59 +3766,68 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     }
 
     private void updatePrivacyIcons(boolean runInvalidateOptionsMenu) {
-        // Get handles for the menu items.
-        MenuItem privacyMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_javascript);
-        MenuItem firstPartyCookiesMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem domStorageMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem refreshMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
-
-        // Update the privacy icon.
-        if (javaScriptEnabled) {  // JavaScript is enabled.
-            privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.javascript_enabled);
-        } else if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // JavaScript is disabled but cookies are enabled.
-            privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.warning);
-        } else {  // All the dangerous features are disabled.
-            privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.privacy_mode);
-        }
+        // Only update the privacy icons if the options menu and the current WebView have already been populated.
+        if ((optionsMenu != null) && (currentWebView != null)) {
+            // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Update the first-party cookies icon.
-        if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
-            firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_enabled);
-        } else {  // First-party cookies are disabled.
-            if (darkTheme) {
-                firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_disabled_dark);
-            } else {
-                firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_disabled_light);
+            // Get the theme and screenshot preferences.
+            boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+
+            // Get handles for the menu items.
+            MenuItem privacyMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_javascript);
+            MenuItem firstPartyCookiesMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
+            MenuItem domStorageMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
+            MenuItem refreshMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
+
+            // Update the privacy icon.
+            if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScript is enabled.
+                privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.javascript_enabled);
+            } else if (currentWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies()) {  // JavaScript is disabled but cookies are enabled.
+                privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.warning);
+            } else {  // All the dangerous features are disabled.
+                privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.privacy_mode);
             }
-        }
 
-        // Update the DOM storage icon.
-        if (javaScriptEnabled && domStorageEnabled) {  // Both JavaScript and DOM storage are enabled.
-            domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_enabled);
-        } else if (javaScriptEnabled) {  // JavaScript is enabled but DOM storage is disabled.
-            if (darkTheme) {
-                domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_disabled_dark);
-            } else {
-                domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_disabled_light);
+            // Update the first-party cookies icon.
+            if (currentWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies()) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
+                firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_enabled);
+            } else {  // First-party cookies are disabled.
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_disabled_dark);
+                } else {
+                    firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_disabled_light);
+                }
+            }
+
+            // Update the DOM storage icon.
+            if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled() && currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled()) {  // Both JavaScript and DOM storage are enabled.
+                domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_enabled);
+            } else if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScript is enabled but DOM storage is disabled.
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_disabled_dark);
+                } else {
+                    domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_disabled_light);
+                }
+            } else {  // JavaScript is disabled, so DOM storage is ghosted.
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_ghosted_dark);
+                } else {
+                    domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_ghosted_light);
+                }
             }
-        } else {  // JavaScript is disabled, so DOM storage is ghosted.
+
+            // Update the refresh icon.
             if (darkTheme) {
-                domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_ghosted_dark);
+                refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.refresh_enabled_dark);
             } else {
-                domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_ghosted_light);
+                refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.refresh_enabled_light);
             }
-        }
-
-        // Update the refresh icon.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.refresh_enabled_dark);
-        } else {
-            refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.refresh_enabled_light);
-        }
 
-        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` calls `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` and redraws the icons in the `AppBar`.
-        if (runInvalidateOptionsMenu) {
-            invalidateOptionsMenu();
+            // `invalidateOptionsMenu` calls `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` and redraws the icons in the `AppBar`.
+            if (runInvalidateOptionsMenu) {
+                invalidateOptionsMenu();
+            }
         }
     }
 
@@ -4241,198 +3907,530 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 }
             }
         }
-    }
+    }
+
+    private void loadBookmarksFolder() {
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the contents of the bookmarks database for the current folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Populate the bookmarks cursor adapter.  `this` specifies the `Context`.  `false` disables `autoRequery`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter = new CursorAdapter(this, bookmarksCursor, false) {
+            @Override
+            public View newView(Context context, Cursor cursor, ViewGroup parent) {
+                // Inflate the individual item layout.  `false` does not attach it to the root.
+                return getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bookmarks_drawer_item_linearlayout, parent, false);
+            }
+
+            @Override
+            public void bindView(View view, Context context, Cursor cursor) {
+                // Get handles for the views.
+                ImageView bookmarkFavoriteIcon = view.findViewById(R.id.bookmark_favorite_icon);
+                TextView bookmarkNameTextView = view.findViewById(R.id.bookmark_name);
+
+                // Get the favorite icon byte array from the cursor.
+                byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = cursor.getBlob(cursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.FAVORITE_ICON));
+
+                // Convert the byte array to a `Bitmap` beginning at the first byte and ending at the last.
+                Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeByteArray(favoriteIconByteArray, 0, favoriteIconByteArray.length);
+
+                // Display the bitmap in `bookmarkFavoriteIcon`.
+                bookmarkFavoriteIcon.setImageBitmap(favoriteIconBitmap);
+
+                // Get the bookmark name from the cursor and display it in `bookmarkNameTextView`.
+                String bookmarkNameString = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+                bookmarkNameTextView.setText(bookmarkNameString);
+
+                // Make the font bold for folders.
+                if (cursor.getInt(cursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {
+                    bookmarkNameTextView.setTypeface(Typeface.DEFAULT_BOLD);
+                } else {  // Reset the font to default for normal bookmarks.
+                    bookmarkNameTextView.setTypeface(Typeface.DEFAULT);
+                }
+            }
+        };
+
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+
+        // Populate the list view with the adapter.
+        bookmarksListView.setAdapter(bookmarksCursorAdapter);
+
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks title text view.
+        TextView bookmarksTitleTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
+
+        // Set the bookmarks drawer title.
+        if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {
+            bookmarksTitleTextView.setText(R.string.bookmarks);
+        } else {
+            bookmarksTitleTextView.setText(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        }
+    }
+
+    private void openWithApp(String url) {
+        // Create the open with intent with `ACTION_VIEW`.
+        Intent openWithAppIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+
+        // Set the URI but not the MIME type.  This should open all available apps.
+        openWithAppIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+
+        // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
+        openWithAppIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+        // Show the chooser.
+        startActivity(openWithAppIntent);
+    }
+
+    private void openWithBrowser(String url) {
+        // Create the open with intent with `ACTION_VIEW`.
+        Intent openWithBrowserIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+
+        // Set the URI and the MIME type.  `"text/html"` should load browser options.
+        openWithBrowserIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(url), "text/html");
+
+        // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
+        openWithBrowserIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+        // Show the chooser.
+        startActivity(openWithBrowserIntent);
+    }
+
+    private String sanitizeUrl(String url) {
+        // Sanitize Google Analytics.
+        if (sanitizeGoogleAnalytics) {
+            // Remove `?utm_`.
+            if (url.contains("?utm_")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?utm_"));
+            }
+
+            // Remove `&utm_`.
+            if (url.contains("&utm_")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("&utm_"));
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Sanitize Facebook Click IDs.
+        if (sanitizeFacebookClickIds) {
+            // Remove `?fbclid=`.
+            if (url.contains("?fbclid=")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?fbclid="));
+            }
+
+            // Remove `&fbclid=`.
+            if (url.contains("&fbclid=")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("&fbclid="));
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Sanitize Twitter AMP redirects.
+        if (sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects) {
+            // Remove `?amp=1`.
+            if (url.contains("?amp=1")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?amp=1"));
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Return the sanitized URL.
+        return url;
+    }
+
+    public void finishedPopulatingBlocklists(ArrayList<ArrayList<List<String[]>>> combinedBlocklists) {
+        // Store the blocklists.
+        easyList = combinedBlocklists.get(0);
+        easyPrivacy = combinedBlocklists.get(1);
+        fanboysAnnoyanceList = combinedBlocklists.get(2);
+        fanboysSocialList = combinedBlocklists.get(3);
+        ultraPrivacy = combinedBlocklists.get(4);
+
+        // Add the first tab.
+        addNewTab("");
+    }
+
+    public void addTab(View view) {
+        // Add a new tab with a blank URL.
+        addNewTab("");
+    }
+
+    private void addNewTab(String url) {
+        // Sanitize the URL.
+        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
+
+        // Get a handle for the tab layout and the view pager.
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+
+        // Get the new page number.  The page numbers are 0 indexed, so the new page number will match the current count.
+        int newTabNumber = tabLayout.getTabCount();
+
+        // Add a new tab.
+        tabLayout.addTab(tabLayout.newTab());
+
+        // Get the new tab.
+        TabLayout.Tab newTab = tabLayout.getTabAt(newTabNumber);
+
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the current tab might be null.
+        assert newTab != null;
+
+        // Set a custom view on the new tab.
+        newTab.setCustomView(R.layout.tab_custom_view);
+
+        // Add the new WebView page.
+        webViewPagerAdapter.addPage(newTabNumber, webViewPager, url);
+    }
+
+    public void closeTab(View view) {
+        // Get a handle for the tab layout.
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+
+        // Run the command according to the number of tabs.
+        if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There is more than one tab open.
+            // Close the current tab.
+            closeCurrentTab();
+        } else {  // There is only one tab open.
+            clearAndExit();
+        }
+    }
+
+    private void closeCurrentTab() {
+        // Get handles for the views.
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+
+        // Get the current tab number.
+        int currentTabNumber = tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition();
+
+        // Delete the current tab.
+        tabLayout.removeTabAt(currentTabNumber);
+
+        // Delete the current page.  If the selected page number did not change during the delete, it will return true, meaning that the current WebView must be reset.
+        if (webViewPagerAdapter.deletePage(currentTabNumber, webViewPager)) {
+            setCurrentWebView(currentTabNumber);
+        }
+
+        // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
+        appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
+    }
+
+    private void clearAndExit() {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
+        bookmarksCursor.close();
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
+
+        // Get the status of the clear everything preference.
+        boolean clearEverything = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_everything", true);
+
+        // Get a handle for the runtime.
+        Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+
+        // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`,
+        // which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+        String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
+        // Clear cookies.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cookies", true)) {
+            // The command to remove cookies changed slightly in API 21.
+            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookies(null);
+            } else {
+                CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookie();
+            }
+
+            // Manually delete the cookies database, as `CookieManager` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // Two commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                Process deleteCookiesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies");
+                Process deleteCookiesJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies-journal");
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteCookiesProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteCookiesJournalProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear DOM storage.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_dom_storage", true)) {
+            // Ask `WebStorage` to clear the DOM storage.
+            WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
+            webStorage.deleteAllData();
+
+            // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories, as `WebStorage` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
+
+                // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+                Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
+                Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
+                Process deleteDatabaseProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteDatabaseProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear form data if the API < 26.
+        if ((Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) && (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_form_data", true))) {
+            WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
+            webViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+
+            // Manually delete the form data database, as `WebViewDatabase` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // A string array must be used because the database contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not otherwise escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteWebDataProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data"});
+                Process deleteWebDataJournalProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data-journal"});
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteWebDataProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteWebDataJournalProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear the cache.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cache", true)) {
+            // Clear the cache from each WebView.
+            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+
+                // Get the fragment view.
+                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+
+                // Only clear the cache if the WebView exists.
+                if (fragmentView != null) {
+                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+
+                    // Clear the cache for this WebView.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.clearCache(true);
+                }
+            }
+
+            // Manually delete the cache directories.
+            try {
+                // Delete the main cache directory.
+                Process deleteCacheProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
+
+                // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
+                // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteServiceWorkerProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteCacheProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteServiceWorkerProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
 
-    private void loadBookmarksFolder() {
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the contents of the bookmarks database for the current folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Wipe out each WebView.
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-        // Populate the bookmarks cursor adapter.  `this` specifies the `Context`.  `false` disables `autoRequery`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter = new CursorAdapter(this, bookmarksCursor, false) {
-            @Override
-            public View newView(Context context, Cursor cursor, ViewGroup parent) {
-                // Inflate the individual item layout.  `false` does not attach it to the root.
-                return getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bookmarks_drawer_item_linearlayout, parent, false);
-            }
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-            @Override
-            public void bindView(View view, Context context, Cursor cursor) {
-                // Get handles for the views.
-                ImageView bookmarkFavoriteIcon = view.findViewById(R.id.bookmark_favorite_icon);
-                TextView bookmarkNameTextView = view.findViewById(R.id.bookmark_name);
+            // Only wipe out the WebView if it exists.
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-                // Get the favorite icon byte array from the cursor.
-                byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = cursor.getBlob(cursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.FAVORITE_ICON));
+                // Clear SSL certificate preferences for this WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.clearSslPreferences();
 
-                // Convert the byte array to a `Bitmap` beginning at the first byte and ending at the last.
-                Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeByteArray(favoriteIconByteArray, 0, favoriteIconByteArray.length);
+                // Clear the back/forward history for this WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.clearHistory();
 
-                // Display the bitmap in `bookmarkFavoriteIcon`.
-                bookmarkFavoriteIcon.setImageBitmap(favoriteIconBitmap);
+                // Destroy the internal state of `mainWebView`.
+                nestedScrollWebView.destroy();
+            }
+        }
 
-                // Get the bookmark name from the cursor and display it in `bookmarkNameTextView`.
-                String bookmarkNameString = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
-                bookmarkNameTextView.setText(bookmarkNameString);
+        // Clear the custom headers.
+        customHeaders.clear();
 
-                // Make the font bold for folders.
-                if (cursor.getInt(cursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {
-                    bookmarkNameTextView.setTypeface(Typeface.DEFAULT_BOLD);
-                } else {  // Reset the font to default for normal bookmarks.
-                    bookmarkNameTextView.setTypeface(Typeface.DEFAULT);
-                }
-            }
-        };
+        // Manually delete the `app_webview` folder, which contains the cookies, DOM storage, form data, and `Service Worker` cache.
+        // See `https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=233826&thanks=233826&ts=1486670530`.
+        if (clearEverything) {
+            try {
+                // Delete the folder.
+                Process deleteAppWebviewProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview");
 
-        // Populate the `ListView` with the adapter.
-        bookmarksListView.setAdapter(bookmarksCursorAdapter);
+                // Wait until the process has finished.
+                deleteAppWebviewProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
 
-        // Set the bookmarks drawer title.
-        if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {
-            bookmarksTitleTextView.setText(R.string.bookmarks);
+        // Close Privacy Browser.  `finishAndRemoveTask` also removes Privacy Browser from the recent app list.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            finishAndRemoveTask();
         } else {
-            bookmarksTitleTextView.setText(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            finish();
         }
-    }
-
-    private void openWithApp(String url) {
-        // Create the open with intent with `ACTION_VIEW`.
-        Intent openWithAppIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
-
-        // Set the URI but not the MIME type.  This should open all available apps.
-        openWithAppIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
-
-        // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
-        openWithAppIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
 
-        // Show the chooser.
-        startActivity(openWithAppIntent);
+        // Remove the terminated program from RAM.  The status code is `0`.
+        System.exit(0);
     }
 
-    private void openWithBrowser(String url) {
-        // Create the open with intent with `ACTION_VIEW`.
-        Intent openWithBrowserIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+    private void setCurrentWebView(int pageNumber) {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Set the URI and the MIME type.  `"text/html"` should load browser options.
-        openWithBrowserIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(url), "text/html");
+        // Get the theme preference.
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-        // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
-        openWithBrowserIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+        // Get handles for the URL views.
+        RelativeLayout urlRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.url_relativelayout);
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-        // Show the chooser.
-        startActivity(openWithBrowserIntent);
-    }
+        // Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setRefreshing(false);
 
-    public static void checkPinnedMismatch(int domainSettingsDatabaseId) {
-        if ((pinnedSslCertificate || pinnedIpAddresses) && !ignorePinnedDomainInformation) {
-            // Initialize the current SSL certificate variables.
-            String currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = "";
-            String currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = "";
-            String currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = "";
-            String currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = "";
-            String currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = "";
-            String currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = "";
-            Date currentWebsiteSslStartDate = null;
-            Date currentWebsiteSslEndDate = null;
-
-
-            // Extract the individual pieces of information from the current website SSL certificate if it is not null.
-            if (sslCertificate != null) {
-                currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
-                currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
-                currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
-                currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
-                currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
-                currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
-                currentWebsiteSslStartDate = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate();
-                currentWebsiteSslEndDate = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate();
-            }
+        // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+        WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(pageNumber);
 
-            // Initialize string variables to store the SSL certificate dates.  Strings are needed to compare the values below, which doesn't work with `Dates` if they are `null`.
-            String currentWebsiteSslStartDateString = "";
-            String currentWebsiteSslEndDateString = "";
-            String pinnedSslStartDateString = "";
-            String pinnedSslEndDateString = "";
+        // Get the fragment view.
+        View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-            // Convert the `Dates` to `Strings` if they are not `null`.
-            if (currentWebsiteSslStartDate != null) {
-                currentWebsiteSslStartDateString = currentWebsiteSslStartDate.toString();
-            }
+        // Set the current WebView if the fragment view is not null.
+        if (fragmentView != null) {  // The fragment has been populated.
+            // Store the current WebView.
+            currentWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-            if (currentWebsiteSslEndDate != null) {
-                currentWebsiteSslEndDateString = currentWebsiteSslEndDate.toString();
+            // Update the status of swipe to refresh.
+            if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
+                // Enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled all the way to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
+            } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
+                // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
             }
 
-            if (pinnedSslStartDate != null) {
-                pinnedSslStartDateString = pinnedSslStartDate.toString();
-            }
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-            if (pinnedSslEndDate != null) {
-                pinnedSslEndDateString = pinnedSslEndDate.toString();
-            }
+            // Set the first-party cookie status.
+            cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(currentWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies());
 
-            // Check to see if the pinned information matches the current information.
-            if ((pinnedIpAddresses && !currentHostIpAddresses.equals(pinnedHostIpAddresses)) || (pinnedSslCertificate && (!currentWebsiteIssuedToCName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToCName) ||
-                    !currentWebsiteIssuedToOName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToOName) || !currentWebsiteIssuedToUName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToUName) ||
-                    !currentWebsiteIssuedByCName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByCName) || !currentWebsiteIssuedByOName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByOName) ||
-                    !currentWebsiteIssuedByUName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByUName) || !currentWebsiteSslStartDateString.equals(pinnedSslStartDateString) ||
-                    !currentWebsiteSslEndDateString.equals(pinnedSslEndDateString)))) {
+            // Update the privacy icons.  `true` redraws the icons in the app bar.
+            updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-                // Get a handle for the pinned mismatch alert dialog.
-                DialogFragment pinnedMismatchDialogFragment = PinnedMismatchDialog.displayDialog(domainSettingsDatabaseId, pinnedSslCertificate, pinnedIpAddresses);
+            // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+            InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-                // Show the pinned mismatch alert dialog.
-                pinnedMismatchDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, "Pinned Mismatch");
-            }
-        }
-    }
+            // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+            assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-    public void addTab(View view) {
-        // Get a handle for the tab layout.
-        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+            // Get the current URL.
+            String url = currentWebView.getUrl();
 
-        // Get the new page number.  The page numbers are 0 indexed, so the new page number will match the current count.
-        int newTabNumber = tabLayout.getTabCount();
+            // Update the URL edit text if not loading a new intent.  Otherwise, this will be handled by `onPageStarted()` (if called) and `onPageFinished()`.
+            if (!loadingNewIntent) {  // A new intent is not being loaded.
+                if ((url == null) || url.equals("about:blank")) {  // The WebView is blank.
+                    // Display the hint in the URL edit text.
+                    urlEditText.setText("");
 
-        // Add a new tab.
-        tabLayout.addTab(tabLayout.newTab());
+                    // Request focus for the URL text box.
+                    urlEditText.requestFocus();
 
-        // Get the new tab.
-        TabLayout.Tab newTab = tabLayout.getTabAt(newTabNumber);
+                    // Display the keyboard.
+                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlEditText, 0);
+                } else {  // The WebView has a loaded URL.
+                    // Clear the focus from the URL text box.
+                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
 
-        // Remove the lint warning below that the current tab might be null.
-        assert newTab != null;
+                    // Hide the soft keyboard.
+                    inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
 
-        // Set a custom view on the current tab.
-        newTab.setCustomView(R.layout.custom_tab_view);
+                    // Display the current URL in the URL text box.
+                    urlEditText.setText(url);
 
-        // Add the new WebView page.
-        webViewPagerAdapter.addPage(newTabNumber);
+                    // Highlight the URL text.
+                    highlightUrlText();
+                }
+            } else {  // A new intent is being loaded.
+                // Reset the loading new intent tracker.
+                loadingNewIntent = false;
+            }
 
-        if (newTabNumber > 0) {
-            // Move to the new tab.
-            newTab.select();
+            // Set the background to indicate the domain settings status.
+            if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {
+                // Set a green background on the URL relative layout to indicate that custom domain settings are being used. The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_dark_blue));
+                } else {
+                    urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_light_green));
+                }
+            } else {
+                urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
+            }
+        } else {  // The fragment has not been populated.  Try again in 100 milliseconds.
+            // Create a handler to set the current WebView.
+            Handler setCurrentWebViewHandler = new Handler();
+
+            // Create a runnable to set the current WebView.
+            Runnable setCurrentWebWebRunnable = () -> {
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(pageNumber);
+            };
+
+            // Try setting the current WebView again after 100 milliseconds.
+            setCurrentWebViewHandler.postDelayed(setCurrentWebWebRunnable, 100);
         }
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void initializeWebView(long pageId, int pageNumber, ProgressBar progressBar, NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView) {
+    public void initializeWebView(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, int pageNumber, ProgressBar progressBar, String url) {
         // Get handles for the activity views.
         FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
         DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
         RelativeLayout mainContentRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.main_content_relativelayout);
         ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
         EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
         TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
         SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warnings below that the some of the views might be null.
+        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
         assert actionBar != null;
 
+        // Get a handle for the activity
+        Activity activity = this;
+
+        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+
+        // Instantiate the blocklist helper.
+        BlocklistHelper blocklistHelper = new BlocklistHelper();
+
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Get the relevant preferences.
-        boolean downloadWithExternalApp = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false);
+        // Initialize the favorite icon.
+        nestedScrollWebView.initializeFavoriteIcon();
+
+        // Set the app bar scrolling.
+        nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true));
 
         // Allow pinch to zoom.
         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setBuiltInZoomControls(true);
@@ -4445,9 +4443,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setMixedContentMode(WebSettings.MIXED_CONTENT_NEVER_ALLOW);
         }
 
-        // Set the WebView to use a wide viewport.  Otherwise, some web pages will be scrunched and some content will render outside the screen.
-        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
-
         // Set the WebView to load in overview mode (zoomed out to the maximum width).
         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadWithOverviewMode(true);
 
@@ -4465,9 +4460,25 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                     // Toggle the full screen browsing mode.
                     if (inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Switch to full screen mode.
+                        // Store the swipe refresh layout top padding.
+                        swipeRefreshLayoutPaddingTop = swipeRefreshLayout.getPaddingTop();
+
                         // Hide the app bar if specified.
                         if (hideAppBar) {
+                            // Close the find on page bar if it is visible.
+                            closeFindOnPage(null);
+
+                            // Hide the tab linear layout.
+                            tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+
+                            // Hide the action bar.
                             actionBar.hide();
+
+                            // Check to see if app bar scrolling is disabled.
+                            if (!scrollAppBar) {
+                                // Remove the padding from the top of the swipe refresh layout.
+                                swipeRefreshLayout.setPadding(0, 0, 0, 0);
+                            }
                         }
 
                         // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
@@ -4487,9 +4498,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
                                 View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
                     } else {  // Switch to normal viewing mode.
-                        // Show the app bar.
+                        // Show the tab linear layout.
+                        tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+                        // Show the action bar.
                         actionBar.show();
 
+                        // Check to see if app bar scrolling is disabled.
+                        if (!scrollAppBar) {
+                            // Add the padding from the top of the swipe refresh layout.
+                        &