Speed up the initial loading of Privacy Browser.
[PrivacyBrowser.git] / app / src / main / java / com / stoutner / privacybrowser / activities / MainWebViewActivity.java
index c8d6896..895f20a 100644 (file)
@@ -71,7 +71,6 @@ import android.webkit.CookieManager;
 import android.webkit.HttpAuthHandler;
 import android.webkit.SslErrorHandler;
 import android.webkit.ValueCallback;
-import android.webkit.WebBackForwardList;
 import android.webkit.WebChromeClient;
 import android.webkit.WebResourceResponse;
 import android.webkit.WebSettings;
@@ -96,6 +95,7 @@ import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBar;
 import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBarDrawerToggle;
 import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
 import androidx.appcompat.widget.Toolbar;
+import androidx.coordinatorlayout.widget.CoordinatorLayout;
 import androidx.core.app.ActivityCompat;
 import androidx.core.content.ContextCompat;
 import androidx.core.view.GravityCompat;
@@ -105,6 +105,7 @@ import androidx.fragment.app.FragmentManager;
 import androidx.swiperefreshlayout.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout;
 import androidx.viewpager.widget.ViewPager;
 
+import com.google.android.material.appbar.AppBarLayout;
 import com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton;
 import com.google.android.material.navigation.NavigationView;
 import com.google.android.material.snackbar.Snackbar;
@@ -114,6 +115,7 @@ import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.BuildConfig;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.R;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.adapters.WebViewPagerAdapter;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.GetHostIpAddresses;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.PopulateBlocklists;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.AdConsentDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkFolderDialog;
@@ -124,13 +126,12 @@ import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadLocationPermissionDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.HttpAuthenticationDialog;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.PinnedMismatchDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.SslCertificateErrorDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.UrlHistoryDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.ViewSslCertificateDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.fragments.WebViewTabFragment;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.AdHelper;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlockListHelper;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlocklistHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.CheckPinnedMismatchHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.DomainsDatabaseHelper;
@@ -154,47 +155,24 @@ import java.util.List;
 import java.util.Map;
 import java.util.Set;
 
-// TODO.  The swipe refresh indicator needs to be enabled/disabled when switching tabs.
-
 // AppCompatActivity from android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity must be used to have access to the SupportActionBar until the minimum API is >= 21.
 public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBookmarkDialog.CreateBookmarkListener, CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.CreateBookmarkFolderListener,
         DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener, DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DownloadLocationPermissionDialogListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener,
-        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, HttpAuthenticationDialog.HttpAuthenticationListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener,
-        PinnedMismatchDialog.PinnedMismatchListener, SslCertificateErrorDialog.SslCertificateErrorListener, UrlHistoryDialog.UrlHistoryListener {
-
-    // `darkTheme` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.
-    public static boolean darkTheme;
-
-    // `allowScreenshots` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static boolean allowScreenshots;
-
-    // TODO Remove.
-    // `formattedUrlString` is public static so it can be accessed from `AddDomainDialog`, `BookmarksActivity`, `DomainSettingsFragment`, and `PinnedMismatchDialog`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    public static String formattedUrlString;
+        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PopulateBlocklists.PopulateBlocklistsListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener {
 
     // `orbotStatus` is public static so it can be accessed from `OrbotProxyHelper`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     public static String orbotStatus;
 
-    // The WebView pager adapter is accessed from `PinnedMismatchDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `addTab()`.
+    // The WebView pager adapter is accessed from `HttpAuthenticationDialog`, `PinnedMismatchDialog`, and `SslCertificateErrorDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `addTab()`.
     public static WebViewPagerAdapter webViewPagerAdapter;
 
-    // `reloadOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`
-    public static boolean reloadOnRestart;
-
-    // `reloadUrlOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment` and `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
+    // The load URL on restart variables are public static so they can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  They are used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean loadUrlOnRestart;
+    public static String urlToLoadOnRestart;
 
     // `restartFromBookmarksActivity` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean restartFromBookmarksActivity;
 
-    // The blocklist versions are public static so they can be accessed from `AboutTabFragment`.  They are also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static String easyListVersion;
-    public static String easyPrivacyVersion;
-    public static String fanboysAnnoyanceVersion;
-    public static String fanboysSocialVersion;
-    public static String ultraPrivacyVersion;
-
     // `currentBookmarksFolder` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onBackPressed()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`,
     // `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     public static String currentBookmarksFolder;
@@ -209,9 +187,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
 
 
-    // `navigatingHistory` is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean navigatingHistory;  // TODO.
-
     // The current WebView is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `findPreviousOnPage()`,
     // `findNextOnPage()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private NestedScrollWebView currentWebView;
@@ -219,55 +194,40 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `customHeader` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `loadUrl()`.
     private final Map<String, String> customHeaders = new HashMap<>();
 
-    // `firstPartyCookiesEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onDownloadImage()`, `onDownloadFile()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean firstPartyCookiesEnabled;
-
-    // 'homepage' is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private String homepage;  // TODO ?
-
-    // `searchURL` is used in `loadURLFromTextBox()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private String searchURL;  // TODO ?
+    // The search URL is set in `applyProxyThroughOrbot()` and used in `onCreate()`, `onNewIntent()`, `loadURLFromTextBox()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
+    private String searchURL;
 
     // The options menu is set in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `updatePrivacyIcons()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
     private Menu optionsMenu;
 
-    // TODO.  This could probably be removed.
-    // The blocklist helper is used in `onCreate()` and `WebViewPagerAdapter`.
-    private BlockListHelper blockListHelper;
-
-    // The blocklists are populated in `onCreate()` and accessed from `WebViewPagerAdapter`.
+    // The blocklists are populated in `finishedPopulatingBlocklists()` and accessed from `initializeWebView()`.
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyList;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyPrivacy;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysAnnoyanceList;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysSocialList;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> ultraPrivacy;
 
-    // The blocklist menu items are used in `onCreateOptionsMenu()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, and `initializeWebView()`.  // TODO.
-    private MenuItem blocklistsMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem easyListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem ultraPrivacyMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem;
-
     // `webViewDefaultUserAgent` is used in `onCreate()` and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
     private String webViewDefaultUserAgent;
 
     // `proxyThroughOrbot` is used in `onRestart()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `applyAppSettings()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean proxyThroughOrbot;
 
-    // `incognitoModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean incognitoModeEnabled;  // TODO.
+    // The incognito mode is set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private boolean incognitoModeEnabled;
 
-    // `fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled;  // TODO.
+    // The full screen browsing mode tracker is set it `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private boolean fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled;
 
     // `inFullScreenBrowsingMode` is used in `onCreate()`, `onConfigurationChanged()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
     private boolean inFullScreenBrowsingMode;
 
-    // Hide app bar is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean hideAppBar;  // TODO.
+    // The app bar trackers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private boolean hideAppBar;
+    private boolean scrollAppBar;
+
+    // The loading new intent tracker is set in `onNewIntent()` and used in `setCurrentWebView()`.
+    private boolean loadingNewIntent;
 
     // `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, and `onAddDomain()`, .
     private boolean reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart;
@@ -278,29 +238,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `displayingFullScreenVideo` is used in `onCreate()` and `onResume()`.
     private boolean displayingFullScreenVideo;
 
-    // `downloadWithExternalApp` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean downloadWithExternalApp;  // TODO.
-
     // `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` is used in `onCreate()` and `onDestroy()`.
     private BroadcastReceiver orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver;
 
     // `waitingForOrbot` is used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean waitingForOrbot;
 
-    // `domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled` is used in `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private Boolean domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled;  // TODO.
-
-    // `waitingForOrbotHtmlString` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private String waitingForOrbotHtmlString;  // TODO.
-
-    // `privateDataDirectoryString` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
-    private String privateDataDirectoryString;  // TODO.
-
-    // `displayAdditionalAppBarIcons` is used in `onCreate()` and `onCreateOptionsMenu()`.
-    private boolean displayAdditionalAppBarIcons;  // TODO.
-
     // The action bar drawer toggle is initialized in `onCreate()` and used in `onResume()`.
-    private ActionBarDrawerToggle actionBarDrawerToggle;  // TODO.
+    private ActionBarDrawerToggle actionBarDrawerToggle;
 
     // The color spans are used in `onCreate()` and `highlightUrlText()`.
     private ForegroundColorSpan redColorSpan;
@@ -312,21 +257,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     private int drawerHeaderPaddingTop;
     private int drawerHeaderPaddingBottom;
 
-    // `sslErrorHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslErrorCancel()`, and `onSslErrorProceed`.
-    private SslErrorHandler sslErrorHandler;  // TODO.
-
-    // `httpAuthHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onHttpAuthenticationCancel()`, and `onHttpAuthenticationProceed()`.
-    private static HttpAuthHandler httpAuthHandler;  // TODO.
-
-    // `inputMethodManager` is used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private InputMethodManager inputMethodManager;  // TODO.
-
     // `bookmarksDatabaseHelper` is used in `onCreate()`, `onDestroy`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`,
     // and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
-    private BookmarksDatabaseHelper bookmarksDatabaseHelper;  // TODO.
-
-    // `bookmarksListView` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
-    private ListView bookmarksListView;  // TODO.
+    private BookmarksDatabaseHelper bookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 
     // `bookmarksCursor` is used in `onDestroy()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private Cursor bookmarksCursor;
@@ -340,6 +273,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `fileChooserCallback` is used in `onCreate()` and `onActivityResult()`.
     private ValueCallback<Uri[]> fileChooserCallback;
 
+    // The default progress view offsets are set in `onCreate()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private int defaultProgressViewStartOffset;
+    private int defaultProgressViewEndOffset;
+
+    // The swipe refresh layout top padding is used when exiting full screen browsing mode.  It is used in an inner class in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private int swipeRefreshLayoutPaddingTop;
+
+    // The URL sanitizers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `sanitizeUrl()`.
+    private boolean sanitizeGoogleAnalytics;
+    private boolean sanitizeFacebookClickIds;
+    private boolean sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects;
+
     // The download strings are used in `onCreate()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()` and `initializeWebView()`.
     private String downloadUrl;
     private String downloadContentDisposition;
@@ -356,12 +301,15 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // Remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
     @SuppressLint("ClickableViewAccessibility")
     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
+        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
         // Get the theme and screenshot preferences.
-        darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
-        allowScreenshots = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("allow_screenshots", false);
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+        boolean allowScreenshots = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("allow_screenshots", false);
 
         // Disable screenshots if not allowed.
         if (!allowScreenshots) {
@@ -380,13 +328,15 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
         // Set the content view.
         setContentView(R.layout.main_framelayout);
-
-        // Get handles for the input method manager and toolbar.
-        inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
         Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
 
         // Set the action bar.  `SupportActionBar` must be used until the minimum API is >= 21.
         setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
+
+        // Get a handle for the action bar.
         ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
 
         // This is needed to get rid of the Android Studio warning that the action bar might be null.
@@ -396,631 +346,191 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         actionBar.setCustomView(R.layout.url_app_bar);
         actionBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
 
-        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
-        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
-        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
-        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        // Initially disable the sliding drawers.  They will be enabled once the blocklists are loaded.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_LOCKED_CLOSED);
 
-        // Get handles for the URL views.
-        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
 
-        // Remove the formatting from `urlTextBar` when the user is editing the text.
-        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
-            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
-                // Remove the highlighting.
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
-            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
-                // Move to the beginning of the string.
-                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
+        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
+        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
 
-                // Reapply the highlighting.
-                highlightUrlText();
-            }
-        });
+        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
+        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
 
-        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
-        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
-            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
-                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
-                loadUrlFromTextBox();
+        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
+        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
 
-                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {
-                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
+        // Populate the blocklists.
+        new PopulateBlocklists(this, this).execute();
+    }
 
-        // Set `waitingForOrbotHTMLString`.
-        waitingForOrbotHtmlString = "<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>";
+    @Override
+    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
+        // Get the information from the intent.
+        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
+        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
 
-        // Initialize the Orbot status and the waiting for Orbot trackers.
-        orbotStatus = "unknown";
-        waitingForOrbot = false;
+        // Determine if this is a web search.
+        boolean isWebSearch = ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH));
 
-        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
-        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
-            @Override
-            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
-                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
-                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
+        // Only process the URI if it contains data or it is a web search.  If the user pressed the desktop icon after the app was already running the URI will be null.
+        if (intentUriData != null || isWebSearch) {
+            // Get the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
-                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Reset `waitingForOrbot`.
-                    waitingForOrbot = false;
+            // Create a URL string.
+            String url;
+
+            // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+            if (isWebSearch) {
+                // Create an encoded URL string.
+                String encodedUrlString;
 
-                    // Load `formattedUrlString
-                    loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+                // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                try {
+                    encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                    encodedUrlString = "";
                 }
+
+                // Add the base search URL.
+                url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+            } else {  // The intent should contain a URL.
+                // Set the intent data as the URL.
+                url = intentUriData.toString();
             }
-        };
 
-        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
-        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
+            // Add a new tab if specified in the preferences.
+            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("open_intents_in_new_tab", true)) {  // Load the URL in a new tab.
+                // Set the loading new intent flag.
+                loadingNewIntent = true;
 
-        // Instantiate the block list helper.
-        blockListHelper = new BlockListHelper();
+                // Add a new tab.
+                addNewTab(url);
+            } else {  // Load the URL in the current tab.
+                // Make it so.
+                loadUrl(url);
+            }
 
-        // Parse the block lists.
-        easyList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easylist.txt");
-        easyPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easyprivacy.txt");
-        fanboysAnnoyanceList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-annoyance.txt");
-        fanboysSocialList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-social.txt");
-        ultraPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/ultraprivacy.txt");
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-        // Store the list versions.
-        easyListVersion = easyList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        easyPrivacyVersion = easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        fanboysAnnoyanceVersion = fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        fanboysSocialVersion = fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        ultraPrivacyVersion = ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
+            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+            }
 
-        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-        NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
-        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
-        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
-        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
-        bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
-        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
-        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
+        }
+    }
 
-        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
-        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
+    @Override
+    public void onRestart() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onRestart();
 
-        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
-        Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
-        MenuItem navigationCloseTabMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(0);
-        MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
-        MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
-        MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
-        MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(6);
+        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
+        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
+            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
 
-        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
-        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
+            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
+            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
 
-        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
-        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
+            // Make it so.
+            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
+        }
 
-        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
-        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
+        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity.
+        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply app settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
-        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+            // Apply the app settings.
+            applyAppSettings();
+        }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
-                // Set the current WebView.
-                setCurrentWebView(position);
+        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the settings or domains activity.
+        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply domain settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager.
-                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
-                    // Get a handle for the corresponding tab.
-                    TabLayout.Tab correspondingTab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
+            // Reapply the domain settings for each tab.
+            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-                    // Assert that the corresponding tab is not null.
-                    assert correspondingTab != null;
+                // Get the fragment view.
+                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-                    // Select the corresponding tab.
-                    correspondingTab.select();
-                }
-            }
+                // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
+                if (fragmentView != null) {
+                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
-        });
+                    // Reset the current domain name so the domain settings will be reapplied.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
-        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Select the same page in the view pager.
-                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
+                    // Reapply the domain settings if the URL is not null, which can happen if an empty tab is active when returning from settings.
+                    if (nestedScrollWebView.getUrl() != null) {
+                        applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, nestedScrollWebView.getUrl(), false, true);
+                    }
+                }
             }
+        }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+        // Load the URL on restart (used when loading a bookmark).
+        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
+            // Load the specified URL.
+            loadUrl(urlToLoadOnRestart);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
-                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = ViewSslCertificateDialog.displayDialog(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+            // Reset the load on restart tracker.
+            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
+        }
 
-                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
-                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
-            }
-        });
+        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
+        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-        // Add the first tab.
-        addTab(null);
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
 
-        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
-        // The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21 and and `getResources().getColor()` must be used until the minimum API >= 23.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
-        } else {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
+            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
+            loadBookmarksFolder();
+
+            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
+            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
         }
 
-        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
-        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Store the current WebView url and title in the bookmarks activity.  // TODO.
-            BookmarksActivity.currentWebViewUrl = currentWebView.getUrl();
-            BookmarksActivity.currentWebViewTitle = currentWebView.getTitle();
+        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+    }
 
-            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
-            Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon();
+    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
+    @Override
+    public void onResume() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onResume();
 
-            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Only resume the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
-            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
-
-            // Add the extra information to the intent.
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("favorite_icon_byte_array", favoriteIconByteArray);
-
-            // Make it so.
-            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
-        });
-
-        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Create a create bookmark folder dialog.
-            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.createBookmarkFolder(currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-
-            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog.
-            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_folder));
-        });
-
-        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
-            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
-            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-
-            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
-            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
-        });
-
-        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
-        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
-            @Override
-            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
-                // Search for the text in `mainWebView`.
-                currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
-            }
-        });
-
-        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
-        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
-                // Hide the soft keyboard.
-                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
-
-                // Consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
-                // Do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
-
-        // Implement swipe to refresh.
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
-
-        // The swipe to refresh circle doesn't always hide itself completely unless it is moved up 10 pixels.
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressViewOffset(false, swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset() - 10, swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset());
-
-        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
-        } else {
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
-        }
-
-        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
-
-        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
-
-        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
-        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
-
-        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
-        loadBookmarksFolder();
-
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
-            int databaseID = (int) id;
-
-            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
-            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
-            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
-
-            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
-            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
-                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
-
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
-            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
-                // Load the bookmark URL.
-                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
-
-                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
-
-            // Close the `Cursor`.
-            bookmarkCursor.close();
-        });
-
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
-            int databaseId = (int) id;
-
-            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
-            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
-
-            if (isFolder) {
-                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
-                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
-
-                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
-                DialogFragment editBookmarkFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-                editBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_folder));
-            } else {
-                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
-                DialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
-            }
-
-            // Consume the event.
-            return true;
-        });
-
-        // Get the status bar pixel size.
-        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
-        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
-
-        // Get the resource density.
-        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
-
-        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
-        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
-
-        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
-        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
-                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
-                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
-                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
-                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
-
-                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
-                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
-                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
-                    }
-
-                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
-                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
-                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
-                    }
-
-                    // Update the navigation menu items.
-                    navigationCloseTabMenuItem.setEnabled(tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1);
-                    navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoBack());
-                    navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoForward());
-                    navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((currentWebView.canGoBack() || currentWebView.canGoForward()));
-                    navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-
-                    // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
-                    inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
-
-                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
-                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
-                    currentWebView.clearFocus();
-                }
-            }
-        });
-
-        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
-        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
-
-        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
-        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
-
-        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
-        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
-
-        // Store the application's private data directory.
-        privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
-        // `dataDir` will vary, but will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
-
-        // Initialize `inFullScreenBrowsingMode`, which is always false at this point because Privacy Browser never starts in full screen browsing mode.
-        inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
-
-        // Initialize the privacy settings variables.
-        firstPartyCookiesEnabled = false;
-
-        // Inflate a bare WebView to get the default user agent.  It is not used to render content on the screen.
-        @SuppressLint("InflateParams") View webViewLayout = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bare_webview, null, false);
-
-        // Get a handle for the WebView.
-        WebView bareWebView = webViewLayout.findViewById(R.id.bare_webview);
-
-        // Store the default user agent.
-        webViewDefaultUserAgent = bareWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
-
-        // Destroy the bare WebView.
-        bareWebView.destroy();
-
-        // Get the intent that started the app.
-        Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
-
-        // Get the information from the intent.
-        String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
-        Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
-
-        // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
-        if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
-            // Create an encoded URL string.
-            String encodedUrlString;
-
-            // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-            try {
-                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                encodedUrlString = "";
-            }
-
-            // Add the base search URL.
-            formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-        } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
-            // Set the formatted URL string.
-            formattedUrlString = launchingIntentUriData.toString();
-        }
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
-        // Get the information from the intent.
-        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
-        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
-
-        // Only process the URI if it contains data.  If the user pressed the desktop icon after the app was already running the URI will be null.
-        if (intentUriData != null) {
-            // Sets the new intent as the activity intent, which replaces the one that originally started the app.
-            setIntent(intent);
-
-            // Add a new tab.
-            addTab(null);
-
-            // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
-            if ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
-                // Create an encoded URL string.
-                String encodedUrlString;
-
-                // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-                try {
-                    encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
-                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                    encodedUrlString = "";
-                }
-
-                // Add the base search URL.
-                formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-            } else {  // The intent should contain a URL.
-                // Set the formatted URL string.
-                formattedUrlString = intentUriData.toString();
-            }
-
-            // Load the URL.
-            loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
-
-            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-
-            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-            }
-
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
-
-            // Clear the keyboard if displayed and remove the focus on the urlTextBar if it has it.
-            currentWebView.requestFocus();
-        }
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onRestart() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onRestart();
-
-        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
-        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
-            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
-            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
-
-            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
-            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
-
-            // Make it so.
-            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
-        }
-
-        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity.
-        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Apply the app settings.
-            applyAppSettings();
-
-            // Reload the webpage if displaying of images has been disabled in the Settings activity.
-            if (reloadOnRestart) {
-                // Reload the WebViews.
-                for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-                    // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                    WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-                    // Get the fragment view.
-                    View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-                    // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
-                    if (fragmentView != null) {
-                        // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                        NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                        // Reload the WebView.  This doesn't seem to work if for WebViews that aren't visible.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.reload();
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Reset `reloadOnRestartBoolean`.
-                reloadOnRestart = false;
-            }
-
-            // Reset the return from settings flag.
-            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
-        }
-
-        // TODO apply to all the tabs.
-        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the Domains activity.
-        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Reapply the domain settings.
-            applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, formattedUrlString, false, true);
-
-            // Reset `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart`.
-            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
-        }
-
-        // Load the URL on restart to apply changes to night mode.
-        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
-            // Load the current `formattedUrlString`.
-            loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
-
-            // Reset `loadUrlOnRestart.
-            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
-        }
-
-        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
-        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
-            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-
-            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
-            loadBookmarksFolder();
-
-            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
-            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
-        }
-
-        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
-    }
-
-    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
-    @Override
-    public void onResume() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onResume();
-
-        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-            // Get the fragment view.
-            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-            // Only resume the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
-            if (fragmentView != null) {
-                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                // Resume the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
-                nestedScrollWebView.resumeTimers();
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
+                nestedScrollWebView.resumeTimers();
 
                 // Resume the nested scroll WebView.
                 nestedScrollWebView.onResume();
@@ -1033,7 +543,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
             // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-            currentWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHtmlString, "text/html", null);
+            currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
         }
 
         if (displayingFullScreenVideo || inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
@@ -1120,13 +630,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
         MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
         MenuItem refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
-        blocklistsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.blocklists);
-        easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
-        easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
-        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
-        ultraPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy);
-        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
         MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
 
         // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
@@ -1142,11 +645,12 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
         adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
 
-        // Get the shared preference values.
+        // Get the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Get the status of the additional AppBar icons.
-        displayAdditionalAppBarIcons = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false);
+        // Get the dark theme and app bar preferences..
+        boolean displayAdditionalAppBarIcons = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false);
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
         // Set the status of the additional app bar icons.  Setting the refresh menu item to `SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS` makes it appear even on small devices like phones.
         if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
@@ -1174,6 +678,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
         }
 
+        // Done.
         return true;
     }
 
@@ -1189,8 +694,16 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         MenuItem clearCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_cookies);
         MenuItem clearDOMStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_dom_storage);
         MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem blocklistsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.blocklists);
+        MenuItem easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
+        MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
+        MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
+        MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
+        MenuItem ultraPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy);
+        MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
         MenuItem fontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size);
         MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
+        MenuItem wideViewportMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.wide_viewport);
         MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
         MenuItem nightModeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.night_mode);
         MenuItem proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.proxy_through_orbot);
@@ -1227,6 +740,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
             blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
             swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+            wideViewportMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
             displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
             nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getNightMode());
 
@@ -1238,27 +752,30 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
             ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
             blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS) + " - " + getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
-        }
 
-        // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
-        firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
-        proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem.setChecked(proxyThroughOrbot);
+            // Only modify third-party cookies if the API >= 21.
+            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                // Set the status of the third-party cookies checkbox.
+                thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
 
-        // Only modify third-party cookies if the API >= 21.
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-            // Set the status of the third-party cookies checkbox.
-            thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
+                // Enable third-party cookies if first-party cookies are enabled.
+                thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
+            }
 
-            // Enable third-party cookies if first-party cookies are enabled.
-            thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
+            // Enable DOM Storage if JavaScript is enabled.
+            domStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled());
         }
 
-        // Enable DOM Storage if JavaScript is enabled.
-        domStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled());
+        // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
+        firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
+        proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem.setChecked(proxyThroughOrbot);
 
         // Enable Clear Cookies if there are any.
         clearCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.hasCookies());
 
+        // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+        String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
         // Get a count of the number of files in the Local Storage directory.
         File localStorageDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/");
         int localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
@@ -1386,8 +903,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     @Override
     // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.
     @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
-    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
     public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem menuItem) {
         // Reenter full screen browsing mode if it was interrupted by the options menu.  <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/389>
         if (inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
@@ -1427,7 +942,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Display a `Snackbar`.
                 if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScrip is enabled.
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.javascript_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // JavaScript is disabled, but first-party cookies are enabled.
+                } else if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {  // JavaScript is disabled, but first-party cookies are enabled.
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.javascript_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                 } else {  // Privacy mode.
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
@@ -1441,29 +956,55 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Edit the current domain settings.
                     // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
                     reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
-
-                    // TODO.  Move these to `putExtra`.  The certificate can be stored as strings.
-                    // Store the current SSL certificate and IP addresses in the domains activity.
-                    DomainsActivity.currentSslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
-                    DomainsActivity.currentIpAddresses = currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses();
 
                     // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
                     Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
-                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the current domain and close on back instead of returning to the domains list.
+                    // Add the extra information to the intent.
                     domainsIntent.putExtra("load_domain", currentWebView.getDomainSettingsDatabaseId());
                     domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                    // Get the current certificate.
+                    SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                    // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                    if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                        // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                        String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                        String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                        String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                        String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                        String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                        String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                        long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                        long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                        // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                    }
+
+                    // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                    if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                        // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                    }
 
                     // Make it so.
                     startActivity(domainsIntent);
                 } else {  // Add a new domain.
                     // Apply the new domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
                     reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
                     // Get the current domain
-                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
+                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(currentWebView.getUrl());
                     String currentDomain = currentUri.getHost();
 
                     // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
@@ -1472,17 +1013,45 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Create the domain and store the database ID.
                     int newDomainDatabaseId = domainsDatabaseHelper.addDomain(currentDomain);
 
-                    // TODO.  Move these to `putExtra`.  The certificate can be stored as strings.
-                    // Store the current SSL certificate and IP addresses in the domains activity.
-                    DomainsActivity.currentSslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
-                    DomainsActivity.currentIpAddresses = currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses();
-
                     // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
                     Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
-                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the new domain and close on back instead of returning to the domains list.
+                    // Add the extra information to the intent.
                     domainsIntent.putExtra("load_domain", newDomainDatabaseId);
                     domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                    // Get the current certificate.
+                    SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                    // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                    if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                        // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                        String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                        String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                        String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                        String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                        String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                        String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                        long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                        long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                        // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                    }
+
+                    // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                    if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                        // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                    }
 
                     // Make it so.
                     startActivity(domainsIntent);
@@ -1490,20 +1059,20 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies:
-                // Switch the status of firstPartyCookiesEnabled.
-                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = !firstPartyCookiesEnabled;
+                // Switch the first-party cookie status.
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(!cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                // Store the first-party cookie status.
+                currentWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
-                // Apply the new cookie status.
-                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
                 // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
                 updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.first_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                 } else if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScript is still enabled.
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.first_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
@@ -1587,20 +1156,13 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
                             @Override
                             public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the undo button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // `cookieManager.removeAllCookie()` varies by SDK.
-                                        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21) {
-                                            cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
-                                        } else {
-                                            cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
-                                        }
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the cookies, which command varies by SDK.
+                                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21) {
+                                        cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
+                                    } else {
+                                        cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
+                                    }
                                 }
                             }
                         })
@@ -1616,49 +1178,46 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
                             @Override
                             public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the undo button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // Delete the DOM Storage.
-                                        WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
-                                        webStorage.deleteAllData();
-
-                                        // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
-                                        Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
-
-                                        // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
-                                        Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
-                                            try {
-                                                // Get a handle for the runtime.
-                                                Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
-
-                                                // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                                                Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
-
-                                                // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                                                Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                                                Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                                                Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                                                Process deleteDatabasesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-
-                                                // Wait for the processes to finish.
-                                                deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteDatabasesProcess.waitFor();
-                                            } catch (Exception exception) {
-                                                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                                            }
-                                        };
-
-                                        // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
-                                        deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the DOM Storage.
+                                    WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
+                                    webStorage.deleteAllData();
+
+                                    // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                    Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
+
+                                    // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                    Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
+                                        try {
+                                            // Get a handle for the runtime.
+                                            Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+
+                                            // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`,
+                                            // which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+                                            String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
+                                            // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                                            Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
+
+                                            // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                                            Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+                                            Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
+                                            Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
+                                            Process deleteDatabasesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
+
+                                            // Wait for the processes to finish.
+                                            deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteDatabasesProcess.waitFor();
+                                        } catch (Exception exception) {
+                                            // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+                                        }
+                                    };
+
+                                    // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
+                                    deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
                                 }
                             }
                         })
@@ -1675,17 +1234,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
                             @Override
                             public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the undo button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The snackbar was dismissed without the `Undo` button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // Delete the form data.
-                                        WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(getApplicationContext());
-                                        mainWebViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the form data.
+                                    WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(getApplicationContext());
+                                    mainWebViewDatabase.clearFormData();
                                 }
                             }
                         })
@@ -1907,19 +1459,19 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Update the swipe refresh layout.
                 if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
-                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) {  // For API >= 23, the status of the scroll refresh listener is continuously updated by the on scroll change listener.
-                        // Only enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled to the top.
-                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
-                    } else {  // For API < 23, the swipe refresh layout is always enabled.
-                        // Enable the swipe refresh layout.
-                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
-                    }
+                    // Only enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
                 } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
                     // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
                     swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
                 }
                 return true;
 
+            case R.id.wide_viewport:
+                // Toggle the viewport.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(!currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
+                return true;
+
             case R.id.display_images:
                 if (currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically()) {  // Images are currently loaded automatically.
                     // Disable loading of images.
@@ -1943,7 +1495,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
                 } else if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are applied.  Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
                     // Apply the JavaScript preference that was stored the last time domain settings were loaded.
-                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled);  // TODO.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(currentWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
                 } else {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are not applied.  Set JavaScript according to the global preference.
                     // Apply the JavaScript preference.
                     currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false));
@@ -1962,6 +1514,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
                 EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
+                // Set the minimum height of the find on page linear layout to match the toolbar.
+                findOnPageLinearLayout.setMinimumHeight(toolbar.getHeight());
+
                 // Hide the toolbar.
                 toolbar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
@@ -1974,17 +1529,47 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Set the focus on `findOnPageEditText`.
                     findOnPageEditText.requestFocus();
 
+                    // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+                    InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+
+                    // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+                    assert inputMethodManager != null;
+
                     // Display the keyboard.  `0` sets no input flags.
                     inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(findOnPageEditText, 0);
                 }, 200);
                 return true;
 
+            case R.id.print:
+                // Get a print manager instance.
+                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
+
+                // Remove the lint error below that print manager might be null.
+                assert printManager != null;
+
+                // Create a print document adapter from the current WebView.
+                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
+
+                // Print the document.
+                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
+                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getUrl(),
+                        currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+
+                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
+                return true;
+
             case R.id.view_source:
                 // Create an intent to launch the view source activity.
                 Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
 
-                // Add the user agent as an extra to the intent.
+                // Add the variables to the intent.
                 viewSourceIntent.putExtra("user_agent", currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString());
+                viewSourceIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
 
                 // Make it so.
                 startActivity(viewSourceIntent);
@@ -1992,7 +1577,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             case R.id.share_url:
                 // Setup the share string.
-                String shareString = currentWebView.getTitle() + " – " + formattedUrlString;
+                String shareString = currentWebView.getTitle() + " – " + currentWebView.getUrl();
 
                 // Create the share intent.
                 Intent shareIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
@@ -2003,34 +1588,12 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, getString(R.string.share_url)));
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.print:
-                // Get a `PrintManager` instance.
-                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
-
-                // Create a print document adapter form the current WebView.
-                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
-
-                // Remove the lint error below that `printManager` might be `null`.
-                assert printManager != null;
-
-                // Print the document.  The print attributes are `null`.
-                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
-                return true;
-
             case R.id.open_with_app:
-                openWithApp(formattedUrlString);
+                openWithApp(currentWebView.getUrl());
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.open_with_browser:
-                openWithBrowser(formattedUrlString);
-                return true;
-
-            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
-                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
-                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), formattedUrlString, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-
-                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
-                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
+                openWithBrowser(currentWebView.getUrl());
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
@@ -2064,1337 +1627,1591 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     }
 
     // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
     @Override
     public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
         // Get the menu item ID.
         int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
 
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
         // Run the commands that correspond to the selected menu item.
         switch (menuItemId) {
-            case R.id.close_tab:
-                // Get a handle for the tab layout and the view pager.
-                TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
-                ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+            case R.id.clear_and_exit:
+                // Clear and exit Privacy Browser.
+                clearAndExit();
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.home:
+                // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                    // Load the Tor homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                } else {
+                    // Load the normal homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                }
+                break;
 
-                // Get the current tab number.
-                int currentTabNumber = tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition();
+            case R.id.back:
+                if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                // Delete the current tab.
-                tabLayout.removeTabAt(currentTabNumber);
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
-                // Delete the current page.  If the selected page number did not change during the delete, it will return true, meaning that the current WebView must be reset.
-                if (webViewPagerAdapter.deletePage(currentTabNumber, webViewPager)) {
-                    setCurrentWebView(currentTabNumber);
+                    // Load the previous website in the history.
+                    currentWebView.goBack();
                 }
                 break;
 
-            case R.id.clear_and_exit:
-                // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
-                bookmarksCursor.close();
-                bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
+            case R.id.forward:
+                if (currentWebView.canGoForward()) {
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
-                SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
-                // Get the status of the clear everything preference.
-                boolean clearEverything = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_everything", true);
+                    // Load the next website in the history.
+                    currentWebView.goForward();
+                }
+                break;
 
-                // Get a handle for the runtime.
-                Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+            case R.id.history:
+                // Instantiate the URL history dialog.
+                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-                // Clear cookies.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cookies", true)) {
-                    // The command to remove cookies changed slightly in API 21.
-                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                        CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookies(null);
-                    } else {
-                        CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookie();
-                    }
+                // Show the URL history dialog.
+                urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.requests:
+                // Populate the resource requests.
+                RequestsActivity.resourceRequests = currentWebView.getResourceRequests();
+
+                // Create an intent to launch the Requests activity.
+                Intent requestsIntent = new Intent(this, RequestsActivity.class);
+
+                // Add the block third-party requests status to the intent.
+                requestsIntent.putExtra("block_all_third_party_requests", currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
+
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(requestsIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.downloads:
+                // Launch the system Download Manager.
+                Intent downloadManagerIntent = new Intent(DownloadManager.ACTION_VIEW_DOWNLOADS);
+
+                // Launch as a new task so that Download Manager and Privacy Browser show as separate windows in the recent tasks list.
+                downloadManagerIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+                startActivity(downloadManagerIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.domains:
+                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
+                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
+
+                // Launch the domains activity.
+                Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
+
+                // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                // Get the current certificate.
+                SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                    // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                    String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                    String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                    String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                    String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                    String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                    String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                    long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                    long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                    // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                }
+
+                // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                    // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                }
+
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.settings:
+                // Set the flag to reapply app settings on restart when returning from Settings.
+                reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = true;
+
+                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
+                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
+
+                // Launch the settings activity.
+                Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
+                startActivity(settingsIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.import_export:
+                // Launch the import/export activity.
+                Intent importExportIntent = new Intent (this, ImportExportActivity.class);
+                startActivity(importExportIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.logcat:
+                // Launch the logcat activity.
+                Intent logcatIntent = new Intent(this, LogcatActivity.class);
+                startActivity(logcatIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.guide:
+                // Launch `GuideActivity`.
+                Intent guideIntent = new Intent(this, GuideActivity.class);
+                startActivity(guideIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.about:
+                // Create an intent to launch the about activity.
+                Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
+
+                // Create a string array for the blocklist versions.
+                String[] blocklistVersions = new String[] {easyList.get(0).get(0)[0], easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0],
+                        ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0]};
+
+                // Add the blocklist versions to the intent.
+                aboutIntent.putExtra("blocklist_versions", blocklistVersions);
+
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(aboutIntent);
+                break;
+        }
+
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+
+        // Close the navigation drawer.
+        drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        return true;
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onPostCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onPostCreate(savedInstanceState);
+
+        // Sync the state of the DrawerToggle after the default `onRestoreInstanceState()` has finished.  This creates the navigation drawer icon.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle.syncState();
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
+
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
+
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
+
+        // Recalculate the drawer header padding.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+
+        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if not in full screen mode.
+        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free") && !inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
+            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+        }
+
+        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` should recalculate the number of action buttons from the menu to display on the app bar, but it doesn't because of the this bug:
+        // https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=20493#c8
+        // ActivityCompat.invalidateOptionsMenu(this);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View view, ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
+        // Store the hit test result.
+        final WebView.HitTestResult hitTestResult = currentWebView.getHitTestResult();
+
+        // Create the URL strings.
+        final String imageUrl;
+        final String linkUrl;
+
+        // Get handles for the system managers.
+        final ClipboardManager clipboardManager = (ClipboardManager) getSystemService(CLIPBOARD_SERVICE);
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Remove the lint errors below that the clipboard manager might be null.
+        assert clipboardManager != null;
+
+        // Process the link according to the type.
+        switch (hitTestResult.getType()) {
+            // `SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE` is a link.
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE:
+                // Get the target URL.
+                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+
+                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the link URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a Copy URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Save the link URL in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), linkUrl);
 
-                    // Manually delete the cookies database, as `CookieManager` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // Two commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        Process deleteCookiesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies");
-                        Process deleteCookiesJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies-journal");
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteCookiesProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteCookiesJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcAnchorTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                // Clear DOM storage.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_dom_storage", true)) {
-                    // Ask `WebStorage` to clear the DOM storage.
-                    WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
-                    webStorage.deleteAllData();
+                // Add a Download URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
+                            downloadUrl = linkUrl;
+                            downloadContentDisposition = "none";
+                            downloadContentLength = -1;
 
-                    // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories, as `WebStorage` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
-
-                        // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                        Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                        Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                        Process deleteDatabaseProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteDatabaseProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
 
-                // Clear form data if the API < 26.
-                if ((Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) && (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_form_data", true))) {
-                    WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
-                    webViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
+                            DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
 
-                    // Manually delete the form data database, as `WebViewDatabase` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // A string array must be used because the database contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not otherwise escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteWebDataProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data"});
-                        Process deleteWebDataJournalProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data-journal"});
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteWebDataProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteWebDataJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+                            // Show the download file alert dialog.
+                            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
                     }
-                }
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                // Clear the cache.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cache", true)) {
-                    // Clear the cache from each WebView.
-                    for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-                        // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                        WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+                // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
 
-                        // Get the fragment view.
-                        View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.EMAIL_TYPE:
+                // Get the target URL.
+                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
-                        // Only clear the cache if the WebView exists.
-                        if (fragmentView != null) {
-                            // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                            NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
-                            // Clear the cache for this WebView.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.clearCache(true);
-                        }
-                    }
+                // Add a Write Email entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
+                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
 
-                    // Manually delete the cache directories.
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the main cache directory.
-                        Process deleteCacheProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
+                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
+                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse("mailto:" + linkUrl));
 
-                        // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
-                        // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteServiceWorkerProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
+                    // `FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK` opens the email program in a new task instead as part of Privacy Browser.
+                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
 
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteCacheProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteServiceWorkerProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(emailIntent);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                // Wipe out each WebView.
-                for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-                    // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                    WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+                // Add a Copy Email Address entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
 
-                    // Get the fragment view.
-                    View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcEmailTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                    // Only wipe out the WebView if it exists.
-                    if (fragmentView != null) {
-                        // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                        NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
 
-                        // Clear SSL certificate preferences for this WebView.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.clearSslPreferences();
+            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image. `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.  Privacy Browser processes them the same.
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
+                // Get the image URL.
+                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
-                        // Clear the back/forward history for this WebView.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.clearHistory();
+                // Set the image URL as the title of the context menu.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
 
-                        // Destroy the internal state of `mainWebView`.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.destroy();
-                    }
-                }
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the image URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                // Clear the formatted URL string.
-                formattedUrlString = null;
+                // Add a View Image entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                // Clear the custom headers.
-                customHeaders.clear();
+                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
 
-                // Manually delete the `app_webview` folder, which contains the cookies, DOM storage, form data, and `Service Worker` cache.
-                // See `https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=233826&thanks=233826&ts=1486670530`.
-                if (clearEverything) {
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the folder.
-                        Process deleteAppWebviewProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview");
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
 
-                        // Wait until the process has finished.
-                        deleteAppWebviewProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
+                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
 
-                // Close Privacy Browser.  `finishAndRemoveTask` also removes Privacy Browser from the recent app list.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    finishAndRemoveTask();
-                } else {
-                    finish();
-                }
+                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
+                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                // Remove the terminated program from RAM.  The status code is `0`.
-                System.exit(0);
-                break;
+                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcImageAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
 
-            case R.id.home:
-                loadUrl(homepage);
-                break;
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageAnchorTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-            case R.id.back:
-                if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {
-                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-                    formattedUrlString = "";
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                    // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    navigatingHistory = true;
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                    // Load the previous website in the history.
-                    currentWebView.goBack();
-                }
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
+        }
+    }
 
-            case R.id.forward:
-                if (currentWebView.canGoForward()) {
-                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-                    formattedUrlString = "";
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
 
-                    // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    navigatingHistory = true;
+        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
 
-                    // Load the next website in the history.
-                    currentWebView.goForward();
-                }
-                break;
+        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
+        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
 
-            case R.id.history:
-                // Get the `WebBackForwardList`.
-                WebBackForwardList webBackForwardList = currentWebView.copyBackForwardList();
+        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                // Show the URL history dialog and name this instance `R.string.history`.
-                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(this, webBackForwardList);
-                urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
-                break;
+        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-            case R.id.requests:
-                // Populate the resource requests.
-                RequestsActivity.resourceRequests = currentWebView.getResourceRequests();
+        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                // Create an intent to launch the Requests activity.
-                Intent requestsIntent = new Intent(this, RequestsActivity.class);
+        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
+        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
 
-                // Add the block third-party requests status to the intent.
-                requestsIntent.putExtra("block_all_third_party_requests", currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
+        // Create the bookmark.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
 
-                // Make it so.
-                startActivity(requestsIntent);
-                break;
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-            case R.id.downloads:
-                // Launch the system Download Manager.
-                Intent downloadManagerIntent = new Intent(DownloadManager.ACTION_VIEW_DOWNLOADS);
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
 
-                // Launch as a new task so that Download Manager and Privacy Browser show as separate windows in the recent tasks list.
-                downloadManagerIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
+    }
 
-                startActivity(downloadManagerIntent);
-                break;
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
 
-            case R.id.domains:
-                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
-                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();  // TODO.  Do this for all tabs.
+        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
 
-                // TODO.  Move these to `putExtra`.  The certificate can be stored as strings.
-                // Store the current SSL certificate and IP addresses in the domains activity.
-                DomainsActivity.currentSslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
-                DomainsActivity.currentIpAddresses = currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses();
+        // Get new folder name string.
+        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                // Launch the domains activity.
-                Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
-                startActivity(domainsIntent);
-                break;
+        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
+        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
 
-            case R.id.settings:
-                // Set the flag to reapply app settings on restart when returning from Settings.
-                reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = true;
+        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
+        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
+            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
-                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
-                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();  // TODO.  Do this for all tabs.
+            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
-                // Launch the settings activity.
-                Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
-                startActivity(settingsIntent);
-                break;
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
+            // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+        }
 
-            case R.id.import_export:
-                // Launch the import/export activity.
-                Intent importExportIntent = new Intent (this, ImportExportActivity.class);
-                startActivity(importExportIntent);
-                break;
+        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-            case R.id.logcat:
-                // Launch the logcat activity.
-                Intent logcatIntent = new Intent(this, LogcatActivity.class);
-                startActivity(logcatIntent);
-                break;
+        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-            case R.id.guide:
-                // Launch `GuideActivity`.
-                Intent guideIntent = new Intent(this, GuideActivity.class);
-                startActivity(guideIntent);
-                break;
+        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-            case R.id.about:
-                // Launch `AboutActivity`.
-                Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
-                startActivity(aboutIntent);
-                break;
+        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
+        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
+            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
         }
 
-        // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
 
-        // Close the navigation drawer.
-        drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-        return true;
-    }
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onPostCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onPostCreate(savedInstanceState);
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
 
-        // Sync the state of the DrawerToggle after the default `onRestoreInstanceState()` has finished.  This creates the navigation drawer icon.
-        actionBarDrawerToggle.syncState();
+        // Scroll to the new folder.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
+    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
 
-        // Get the status bar pixel size.
-        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
-        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
+        // Store the bookmark strings.
+        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
 
-        // Get the resource density.
-        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
+        // Update the bookmark.
+        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
+        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-        // Recalculate the drawer header padding.
-        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if not in full screen mode.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free") && !inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
-            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
         }
 
-        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` should recalculate the number of action buttons from the menu to display on the app bar, but it doesn't because of the this bug:
-        // https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=20493#c8
-        // ActivityCompat.invalidateOptionsMenu(this);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View view, ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
-        // Store the `HitTestResult`.
-        final WebView.HitTestResult hitTestResult = currentWebView.getHitTestResult();
+    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
 
-        // Create strings.
-        final String imageUrl;
-        final String linkUrl;
+        // Get the new folder name.
+        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-        // Get a handle for the the clipboard and fragment managers.
-        final ClipboardManager clipboardManager = (ClipboardManager) getSystemService(CLIPBOARD_SERVICE);
-        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
+        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
+            // Update the name in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
+        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
+            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
 
-        // Remove the lint errors below that `clipboardManager` might be `null`.
-        assert clipboardManager != null;
+            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
-        switch (hitTestResult.getType()) {
-            // `SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE` is a link.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE:
-                // Get the target URL.
-                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
-                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
 
-                // Add a Load URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.load_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    loadUrl(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                // Add a Copy URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Save the link URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), linkUrl);
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcAnchorTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                // Add a Download URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
-                        openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
-                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
-                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
-                            // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
-                            downloadUrl = linkUrl;
-                            downloadContentDisposition = "none";
-                            downloadContentLength = -1;
+            // Update the folder icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
+            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
-                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
-                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
-                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
-                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
-                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                            }
-                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                            // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
-                            DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
 
-                            // Show the download file alert dialog.
-                            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                        }
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                // Add an Open with App entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        }
 
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.EMAIL_TYPE:
-                // Get the target URL.
-                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
 
-                // Add a Write Email entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
-                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
+    @Override
+    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
+        switch (downloadType) {
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
 
-                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
-                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse("mailto:" + linkUrl));
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
+        }
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
+        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
 
-                    // `FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK` opens the email program in a new task instead as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+        switch (requestCode) {
+            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(emailIntent);
-                    return false;
-                });
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
 
-                // Add a Copy Email Address entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
+                // Reset the download variables.
+                downloadUrl = "";
+                downloadContentDisposition = "";
+                downloadContentLength = 0;
+                break;
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcEmailTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
 
-            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
-                // Get the image URL.
-                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+                // Reset the image URL variable.
+                downloadImageUrl = "";
+                break;
+        }
+    }
 
-                // Set the image URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
+    @Override
+    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
+        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
-                // Add a View Image entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Parse `imageUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
 
-                // Add a Download Image entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
-                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
-                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
-                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
-                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
-                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(imageUrl);
 
-                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
-                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
-                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
-                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                            }
-                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
-                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
 
-                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
-                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                        }
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
+            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                // Add a Copy URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcImageTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            }
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
 
-                // Add an Open with App entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
 
-                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
 
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+        }
+    }
 
-            // `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
-                // Get the image URL.
-                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+    @Override
+    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
+        // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
-                // Set the image URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
+            // Parse `downloadUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
 
-                // Add a `View Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
-                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
-                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
-                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
-                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(downloadUrl);
 
-                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
-                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
 
-                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
-                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
-                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
-                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                            }
-                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
-                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
+            String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
-                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                        }
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            }
 
-                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcImageAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageAnchorTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(downloadUrl);
 
-                // Add an Open with App entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
-                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
         }
     }
 
+    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and and the WebView.
     @Override
-    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
-        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
-        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
-
-        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
-        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
-        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
-
-        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
-
-        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
-
-        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+    public void onBackPressed() {
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout and the tab layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
 
-        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
-        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
+        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
+            // Close the navigation drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
+            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
+                // close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
+                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-        // Create the bookmark.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            }
+        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
+            // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+            currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+            currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
-        // Update the list view.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+            // Go back.
+            currentWebView.goBack();
+        } else if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There are at least two tabs.
+            // Close the current tab.
+            closeCurrentTab();
+        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
+            // Run the default commands.
+            super.onBackPressed();
 
-        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
-        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
+            // Manually kill Privacy Browser.  Otherwise, it is glitchy when restarted.
+            System.exit(0);
+        }
     }
 
+    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
     @Override
-    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
-        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
-        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
-        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
+    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
+        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            // Pass the file to the WebView.
+            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
+        }
+    }
 
-        // Get new folder name string.
-        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
+        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
 
-        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
-        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
+        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
 
-        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
-        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
-            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+        // Initialize the formatted URL string.
+        String url = "";
 
-            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
+        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {  // This is a Content URL.
+            // Load the entire content URL.
+            url = unformattedUrlString;
+        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://") ||
+                unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a standard URL.
+            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
+            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
+            }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
-            // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
-        }
+            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
+            URL unformattedUrl = null;
 
-        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
+            try {
+                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
+            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
+                e.printStackTrace();
+            }
 
-        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
+            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
+            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
+            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
+            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
+            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
 
-        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Build the URI.
+            Uri.Builder uri = new Uri.Builder();
+            uri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
 
-        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
-        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
-            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
-        }
+            // Decode the URI as a UTF-8 string in.
+            try {
+                url = URLDecoder.decode(uri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                // Do nothing.  The formatted URL string will remain blank.
+            }
+        } else if (!unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // This is not a URL, but rather a search string.
+            // Create an encoded URL String.
+            String encodedUrlString;
 
-        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
+            // Sanitize the search input.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
+            }
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Add the base search URL.
+            url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+        }
 
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
+        urlEditText.clearFocus();
 
-        // Scroll to the new folder.
-        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
+        // Make it so.
+        loadUrl(url);
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
-        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
-        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
+    private void loadUrl(String url) {
+        // Sanitize the URL.
+        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
 
-        // Store the bookmark strings.
-        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
-        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Apply the domain settings.
+        applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, url, true, false);
 
-        // Update the bookmark.
-        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
-        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
-            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+        // Load the URL.
+        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
+    }
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(false);
+    }
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(true);
+    }
 
-            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
+    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
+        // Get a handle for the views.
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+
+        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
+        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
+
+        // Clear the highlighted phrases if the WebView is not null.
+        if (currentWebView != null) {
+            currentWebView.clearMatches();
         }
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-        // Update the list view.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
-    }
+        // Show the toolbar.
+        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
-        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
-        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
-        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
+        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-        // Get the new folder name.
-        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
-        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
-            // Update the name in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
-        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
-            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
-            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+        // Hide the keyboard.
+        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(toolbar.getWindowToken(), 0);
+    }
 
-            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
-            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
-                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+    private void applyAppSettings() {
+        // Initialize the app if this is the first run.  This is done here instead of in `onCreate()` to shorten the time that an unthemed background is displayed on app startup.
+        if (webViewDefaultUserAgent == null) {
+            initializeApp();
+        }
 
-                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
-            }
+        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
+        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
+        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
+        sanitizeGoogleAnalytics = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("google_analytics", true);
+        sanitizeFacebookClickIds = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("facebook_click_ids", true);
+        sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("twitter_amp_redirects", true);
+        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
+        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
+        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
+        scrollAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true);
 
-            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
+        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
+        assert actionBar != null;
 
-            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
 
-            // Update the folder icon in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
-        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
-            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
-            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
-            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
-                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+        // Set Do Not Track status.
+        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
+            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
+        } else {
+            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
+        }
 
-                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+        // Get the current layout parameters.  Using coordinator layout parameters allows the `setBehavior()` command and using app bar layout parameters allows the `setScrollFlags()` command.
+        CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams swipeRefreshLayoutParams = (CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams) swipeRefreshLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams toolbarLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) toolbar.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams findOnPageLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) findOnPageLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams tabsLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) tabsLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+
+        // Add the scrolling behavior to the layout parameters.
+        if (scrollAppBar) {
+            // Enable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(new AppBarLayout.ScrollingViewBehavior());
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+        } else {
+            // Disable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(null);
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+
+            // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
+            appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
+        }
 
-                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
-            }
+        // Apply the modified layout parameters.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setLayoutParams(swipeRefreshLayoutParams);
+        toolbar.setLayoutParams(toolbarLayoutParams);
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(findOnPageLayoutParams);
+        tabsLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(tabsLayoutParams);
 
-            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
+                // Set the app bar scrolling.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(scrollAppBar);
+            }
         }
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
+        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
+            if (hideAppBar) {
+                // Hide the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
-    }
+                // Hide the action bar.
+                actionBar.hide();
+            } else {
+                // Show the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
-        switch (downloadType) {
-            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
-                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
-                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                break;
+                // Show the action bar.
+                actionBar.show();
+            }
 
-            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
-                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
-                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                break;
-        }
-    }
+            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+            }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
-        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
-        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-        switch (requestCode) {
-            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
-                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
-                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
+            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
 
-                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
-                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
-                } else {
-                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                }
+            // Show the tab linear layout.
+            tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-                // Reset the download variables.
-                downloadUrl = "";
-                downloadContentDisposition = "";
-                downloadContentLength = 0;
-                break;
+            // Show the action bar.
+            actionBar.show();
 
-            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
-                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
-                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
+            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
+                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+            }
 
-                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
-                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
-                } else {
-                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                }
+            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
 
-                // Reset the image URL variable.
-                downloadImageUrl = "";
-                break;
+            // Add the translucent status flag.
+            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
         }
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
-        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
-            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
-            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
+    private void initializeApp() {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-            // Parse `imageUrl`.
-            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
+        // Get the theme preference.
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
-            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
-            if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {
-                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
-                String cookies = CookieManager.getInstance().getCookie(imageUrl);
+        // Get a handle for the input method.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
-                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
-            }
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
-            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
-            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
+        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
+        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
 
-            // Specify the download location.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
-                // Download to the public download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
-            } else {  // External write permission denied.
-                // Download to the app's external download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
-            }
+        // Get handles for the URL views.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
 
-            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
-            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+        // Remove the formatting from the URL edit text when the user is editing the text.
+        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
+            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
+                // Remove the highlighting.
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
+            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
+                // Move to the beginning of the string.
+                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
 
-            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
-            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
+                // Reapply the highlighting.
+                highlightUrlText();
+            }
+        });
 
-            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
-            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
+        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
+            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
+                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
+                loadUrlFromTextBox();
 
-            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
-            assert downloadManager != null;
+                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {
+                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
+                return false;
+            }
+        });
 
-            // Initiate the download.
-            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
-        } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
-        }
-    }
+        // Initialize the Orbot status and the waiting for Orbot trackers.
+        orbotStatus = "unknown";
+        waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-    @Override
-    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
-        // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-        if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
-            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
-            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
+        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
+        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
+            @Override
+            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
+                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
+                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
 
-            // Parse `downloadUrl`.
-            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
+                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
+                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
+                    // Reset the waiting for Orbot status.
+                    waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
-            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
-            if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {
-                // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
-                String cookies = CookieManager.getInstance().getCookie(downloadUrl);
+                    // Get the intent that started the app.
+                    Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
 
-                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
-                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
-            }
+                    // Get the information from the intent.
+                    String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
+                    Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
 
-            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
-            EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
-            String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
+                    // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+                    if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
+                        // Create an encoded URL string.
+                        String encodedUrlString;
 
-            // Specify the download location.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
-                // Download to the public download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
-            } else {  // External write permission denied.
-                // Download to the app's external download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+                        // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                        try {
+                            encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                            encodedUrlString = "";
+                        }
+
+                        // Load the completed search URL.
+                        loadUrl(searchURL + encodedUrlString);
+                    } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
+                        // Load the URL from the intent.
+                        loadUrl(launchingIntentUriData.toString());
+                    } else {  // The is no URL in the intent.
+                        // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                            // Load the Tor homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                        } else {
+                            // Load the normal homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
             }
+        };
 
-            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
-            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
+        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
 
-            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
-            downloadRequest.setDescription(downloadUrl);
+        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
-            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
-            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
+        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
 
-            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
-            assert downloadManager != null;
+        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
+        Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
+        MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(2);
+        MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
+        MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
+        MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
 
-            // Initiate the download.
-            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
-        } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
-        }
-    }
+        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
+        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onHttpAuthenticationCancel() {
-        // Cancel the `HttpAuthHandler`.
-        httpAuthHandler.cancel();
-    }
+            @Override
+            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
+                // Close the find on page bar if it is open.
+                closeFindOnPage(null);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onHttpAuthenticationProceed(DialogFragment dialogFragment) {
-        // Get handles for the `EditTexts`.
-        EditText usernameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.http_authentication_username);
-        EditText passwordEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.http_authentication_password);
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(position);
 
-        // Proceed with the HTTP authentication.
-        httpAuthHandler.proceed(usernameEditText.getText().toString(), passwordEditText.getText().toString());
-    }
+                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager or by creating a new tab.
+                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
+                    // Create a handler to select the tab.
+                    Handler selectTabHandler = new Handler();
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSslErrorCancel() {  // TODO.  How to handle this with multiple tabs?  There could be multiple errors at once.
-        sslErrorHandler.cancel();
-    }
+                    // Create a runnable to select the tab.
+                    Runnable selectTabRunnable = () -> {
+                        // Get a handle for the tab.
+                        TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSslErrorProceed() {  // TODO.  How to handle this with multiple tabs?  There could be multiple errors at once.
-        sslErrorHandler.proceed();
-    }
+                        // Assert that the tab is not null.
+                        assert tab != null;
 
-    @Override
-    public void onPinnedMismatchBack() {  // TODO.  Move this logic to the dialog.
-        if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is a back page in the history.
-            // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-            formattedUrlString = "";  // TODO.
+                        // Select the tab.
+                        tab.select();
+                    };
 
-            // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-            navigatingHistory = true;  // TODO.
+                    // Select the tab layout after 150 milliseconds, which leaves enough time for a new tab to be inflated.
+                    selectTabHandler.postDelayed(selectTabRunnable, 150);
+                }
+            }
 
-            // Go back.
-            currentWebView.goBack();
-        } else {  // There are no pages to go back to.
-            // Load a blank page
-            loadUrl("");
-        }
-    }
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+        });
 
-    @Override
-    public void onPinnedMismatchProceed() {  // TODO.  Move this logic to the dialog.
-        // Do not check the pinned information for this domain again until the domain changes.
-        currentWebView.setIgnorePinnedDomainInformation(true);
-    }
+        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
+        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Select the same page in the view pager.
+                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
+            }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onUrlHistoryEntrySelected(int moveBackOrForwardSteps) {
-        // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-        formattedUrlString = "";
+            @Override
+            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-        // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-        navigatingHistory = true;
+            @Override
+            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = ViewSslCertificateDialog.displayDialog(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-        // Load the history entry.
-        currentWebView.goBackOrForward(moveBackOrForwardSteps);
-    }
+                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
+            }
+        });
 
-    @Override
-    public void onClearHistory() {
-        // Clear the history.
-        currentWebView.clearHistory();
-    }
+        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
+        // The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21 and and `getResources().getColor()` must be used until the minimum API >= 23.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
+        } else {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
+        }
 
-    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and `mainWebView`.
-    @Override
-    public void onBackPressed() {
-        // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
+        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
+            Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon();
 
-        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
-            // Close the navigation drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
-            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
-                // close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
-                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
-            }
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
-            // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-            formattedUrlString = "";
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-            // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-            navigatingHistory = true;
+            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
+            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
 
-            // Go back.
-            currentWebView.goBack();
-        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
-            // Pass `onBackPressed()` to the system.
-            super.onBackPressed();
-        }
-    }
+            // Add the extra information to the intent.
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_title", currentWebView.getTitle());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("favorite_icon_byte_array", favoriteIconByteArray);
 
-    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
-    @Override
-    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
-        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-            // Pass the file to the WebView.
-            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
-        }
-    }
+            // Make it so.
+            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
+        });
 
-    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
-        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
-        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Create a create bookmark folder dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.createBookmarkFolder(currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
-        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
+            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog.
+            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_folder));
+        });
 
-        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
-        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
-            // Load the entire content URL.
-            formattedUrlString = unformattedUrlString;
-        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://")
-                || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {
-            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
-            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
-                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
-            }
+        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
+            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
-            URL unformattedUrl = null;
+            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
+            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
+        });
 
-            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
-            try {
-                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
-            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
-                e.printStackTrace();
+        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
+        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
+            @Override
+            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
+                // Do nothing.
             }
 
-            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
-            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
-            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
-            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
-            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
-            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
-
-            // Build the URI.
-            Uri.Builder formattedUri = new Uri.Builder();
-            formattedUri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
-
-            // Decode `formattedUri` as a `String` in `UTF-8`.
-            try {
-                formattedUrlString = URLDecoder.decode(formattedUri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                // Load a blank string.
-                formattedUrlString = "";
+            @Override
+            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
+                // Do nothing.
             }
-        } else if (unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // Load a blank web site.
-            // Load a blank string.
-            formattedUrlString = "";
-        } else {  // Search for the contents of the URL box.
-            // Create an encoded URL String.
-            String encodedUrlString;
 
-            // Sanitize the search input.
-            try {
-                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                encodedUrlString = "";
+            @Override
+            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
+                // Search for the text in the WebView if it is not null.  Sometimes on resume after a period of non-use the WebView will be null.
+                if (currentWebView != null) {
+                    currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
+                }
             }
+        });
 
-            // Add the base search URL.
-            formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-        }
+        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
+        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
+                // Hide the soft keyboard.
+                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
 
-        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
-        urlEditText.clearFocus();
+                // Consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
+                // Do not consume the event.
+                return false;
+            }
+        });
 
-        // Make it so.
-        loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
-    }
+        // Implement swipe to refresh.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
 
-    private void loadUrl(String url) {// Apply any custom domain settings.
-        // Set the URL as the formatted URL string so that checking third-party requests works correctly.
-        formattedUrlString = url;
+        // Store the default progress view offsets for use later in `initializeWebView()`.
+        defaultProgressViewStartOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset();
+        defaultProgressViewEndOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset();
 
-        // Apply the domain settings.
-        applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, url, true, false);
+        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
+        } else {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
+        }
 
-        // Load the URL.
-        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
-    }
+        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
 
-    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
-        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
-        currentWebView.findNext(false);
-    }
+        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
-    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
-        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
-        currentWebView.findNext(true);
-    }
+        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
+        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
 
-    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
-        // Get a handle for the views.
-        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
-        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
-        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
+        loadBookmarksFolder();
 
-        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
-        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
+            int databaseID = (int) id;
 
-        // Clear the highlighted phrases.
-        currentWebView.clearMatches();
+            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
+            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
+            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
 
-        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
-        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
+            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
+                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
 
-        // Show the toolbar.
-        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
+                // Load the bookmark URL.
+                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
 
-        // Hide the keyboard.
-        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
-    }
+                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
 
-    private void applyAppSettings() {
-        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+            // Close the `Cursor`.
+            bookmarkCursor.close();
+        });
 
-        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
-        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
-        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
-        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
-        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
-        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
-        downloadWithExternalApp = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false);
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
+            int databaseId = (int) id;
 
-        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.  `getSupportActionBar()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
-        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
-        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
+            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
 
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warnings below that the action bar might be null.
-        assert actionBar != null;
+            if (isFolder) {
+                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
+                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
 
-        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
-        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
+                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_folder));
+            } else {
+                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
+            }
 
-        // Set Do Not Track status.
-        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
-            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
-        } else {
-            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
-        }
+            // Consume the event.
+            return true;
+        });
 
-        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
-        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
 
-            // Get the fragment view.
-            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
 
-            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
-            if (fragmentView != null) {
-                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
 
-                // Set the app bar scrolling.
-                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true));
+        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
+        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
             }
-        }
 
-        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
-        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
-            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
-            if (hideAppBar) {
-                actionBar.hide();
-            } else {
-                actionBar.show();
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
             }
 
-            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
-            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
             }
 
-            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
-            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
+                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
+                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
+                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
+                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
 
-            /* Hide the system bars.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-             */
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
-                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
-            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
-            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
 
-            // Show the app bar.
-            actionBar.show();
+                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
 
-            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
-            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
-                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+                    // Update the navigation menu items if the WebView is not null.
+                    if (currentWebView != null) {
+                        navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoBack());
+                        navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoForward());
+                        navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((currentWebView.canGoBack() || currentWebView.canGoForward()));
+                        navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+
+                        // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
+                        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+                    }
+
+                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
+                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
+                    currentWebView.clearFocus();
+                }
             }
+        });
 
-            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
+        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
 
-            // Add the translucent status flag.
-            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-        }
-    }
+        // Inflate a bare WebView to get the default user agent.  It is not used to render content on the screen.
+        @SuppressLint("InflateParams") View webViewLayout = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bare_webview, null, false);
+
+        // Get a handle for the WebView.
+        WebView bareWebView = webViewLayout.findViewById(R.id.bare_webview);
+
+        // Store the default user agent.
+        webViewDefaultUserAgent = bareWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
+        // Destroy the bare WebView.
+        bareWebView.destroy();
+    }
 
     // `reloadWebsite` is used if returning from the Domains activity.  Otherwise JavaScript might not function correctly if it is newly enabled.
     @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
-    private boolean applyDomainSettings(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, String url, boolean resetFavoriteIcon, boolean reloadWebsite) {
+    private boolean applyDomainSettings(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, String url, boolean resetTab, boolean reloadWebsite) {
         // Store a copy of the current user agent to track changes for the return boolean.
         String initialUserAgent = nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
@@ -3409,8 +3226,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             newHostName = "";
         }
 
-        // Only apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
-        if (!nestedScrollWebView.getCurrentDomainName().equals(newHostName)) {
+        // Apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded or if the new domain is blank.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
+        if (!nestedScrollWebView.getCurrentDomainName().equals(newHostName) || newHostName.equals("")) {
             // Set the new host name as the current domain name.
             nestedScrollWebView.setCurrentDomainName(newHostName);
 
@@ -3422,30 +3239,37 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             nestedScrollWebView.clearPinnedIpAddresses();
 
             // Reset the favorite icon if specified.
-            if (resetFavoriteIcon) {
+            if (resetTab) {
                 // Initialize the favorite icon.
                 nestedScrollWebView.initializeFavoriteIcon();
 
+                // Get the current page position.
+                int currentPagePosition = webViewPagerAdapter.getPositionForId(nestedScrollWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
+
                 // Get a handle for the tab layout.
                 TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
 
-                // Get the current tab.
-                TabLayout.Tab currentTab = tabLayout.getTabAt(tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition());  // TODO.  We need to get the tab for this WebView, which might not be the current tab.
+                // Get the corresponding tab.
+                TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(currentPagePosition);
 
-                // Remove the warning below that the current tab might be null.
-                assert currentTab != null;
+                // Update the tab if it isn't null, which sometimes happens when restarting from the background.
+                if (tab != null) {
+                    // Get the tab custom view.
+                    View tabCustomView = tab.getCustomView();
 
-                // Get the current tab custom view.
-                View currentTabCustomView = currentTab.getCustomView();
+                    // Remove the warning below that the tab custom view might be null.
+                    assert tabCustomView != null;
 
-                // Remove the warning below that the current tab custom view might be null.
-                assert currentTabCustomView != null;
+                    // Get the tab views.
+                    ImageView tabFavoriteIconImageView = tabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon_imageview);
+                    TextView tabTitleTextView = tabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
 
-                // Get the current tab favorite icon image view.
-                ImageView currentTabFavoriteIconImageView = currentTabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon_imageview);
+                    // Set the default favorite icon as the favorite icon for this tab.
+                    tabFavoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(nestedScrollWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon(), 64, 64, true));
 
-                // Set the default favorite icon as the favorite icon for this tab.
-                currentTabFavoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(nestedScrollWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon(), 64, 64, true));
+                    // Set the loading title text.
+                    tabTitleTextView.setText(R.string.loading);
+                }
             }
 
             // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
@@ -3509,6 +3333,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             String defaultFontSizeString = sharedPreferences.getString("font_size", getString(R.string.font_size_default_value));
             String defaultUserAgentName = sharedPreferences.getString("user_agent", getString(R.string.user_agent_default_value));
             boolean defaultSwipeToRefresh = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("swipe_to_refresh", true);
+            boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+            boolean wideViewport = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("wide_viewport", true);
             boolean displayWebpageImages = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
 
             // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
@@ -3529,8 +3355,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Get the settings from the cursor.
                 nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsDatabaseId(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper._ID)));
-                boolean domainJavaScriptEnabled = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_JAVASCRIPT)) == 1);
-                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FIRST_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);  // TODO.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_JAVASCRIPT)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FIRST_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
                 boolean domainThirdPartyCookiesEnabled = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_THIRD_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
                 nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_DOM_STORAGE)) == 1);
                 // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
@@ -3551,6 +3377,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 int fontSize = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.FONT_SIZE));
                 int swipeToRefreshInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH));
                 int nightModeInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE));
+                int wideViewportInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.WIDE_VIEWPORT));
                 int displayWebpageImagesInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_IMAGES));
                 boolean pinnedSslCertificate = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_SSL_CERTIFICATE)) == 1);
                 String pinnedSslIssuedToCName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_COMMON_NAME));
@@ -3593,40 +3420,41 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Set night mode according to the night mode int.
                 switch (nightModeInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
                         // Set night mode according to the current default.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false));
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_ENABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
                         // Enable night mode.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_DISABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
                         // Disable night mode.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(false);
                         break;
                 }
 
-                // TODO.
-                // Store the domain JavaScript status.  This is used by the options menu night mode toggle.
-                domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled = domainJavaScriptEnabled;
-
                 // Enable JavaScript if night mode is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {
                     // Enable JavaScript.
                     nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
                 } else {
                     // Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(domainJavaScriptEnabled);
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(nestedScrollWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
                 }
 
-                // Close `currentHostDomainSettingsCursor`.
+                // Close the current host domain settings cursor.
                 currentDomainSettingsCursor.close();
 
                 // Apply the domain settings.
-                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);  //TODO  This could be bad.
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(nestedScrollWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies());
+
+                // Set third-party cookies status if API >= 21.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(nestedScrollWebView, domainThirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                }
 
                 // Apply the form data setting if the API < 26.
                 if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
@@ -3640,64 +3468,55 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(fontSize);
                 }
 
-                // Set third-party cookies status if API >= 21.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(nestedScrollWebView, domainThirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
-                }
+                // Set the user agent.
+                if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
+                    // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
+                    int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
 
-                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.
-                // <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
-                if (nestedScrollWebView.getProgress() == 100) {  // A URL is not loading.
-                    // Set the user agent.
-                    if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
-                        // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
-                        int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
-
-                        // Set the user agent according to the system default.
-                        switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
-                            case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
-                                // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the default custom user agent.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
-                                break;
-
-                            default:
-                                // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
-                        }
-                    } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
-                        // Get the array position of the user agent name.
-                        int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
-
-                        switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
-                            case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                                break;
-
-                            default:
-                                // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
-                        }
+                    // Set the user agent according to the system default.
+                    switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the default custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                            break;
+
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
+                    }
+                } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
+                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
+
+                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
+
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
                     }
                 }
 
                 // Set swipe to refresh.
                 switch (swipeToRefreshInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
                         // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
 
@@ -3705,7 +3524,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_ENABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
                         // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(true);
 
@@ -3713,7 +3532,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_DISABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
                         // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(false);
 
@@ -3721,17 +3540,32 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
                 }
 
+                // Set the viewport.
+                switch (wideViewportInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(wideViewport);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
+                        break;
+                }
+
                 // Set the loading of webpage images.
                 switch (displayWebpageImagesInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_ENABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_DISABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
                         break;
                 }
@@ -3745,7 +3579,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             } else {  // The new URL does not have custom domain settings.  Load the defaults.
                 // Store the values from the shared preferences.
                 boolean defaultJavaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false);
-                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("first_party_cookies", false);  // TODO.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("first_party_cookies", false));
                 boolean defaultThirdPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("third_party_cookies", false);
                 nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dom_storage", false));
                 boolean saveFormData = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("save_form_data", false);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
@@ -3767,20 +3601,20 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 }
 
                 // Apply the default settings.
-                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);  // TODO.
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(nestedScrollWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies());
                 nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(Integer.valueOf(defaultFontSizeString));
 
+                // Apply the form data setting if the API < 26.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormData);
+                }
+
                 // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
                 nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
 
                 // Apply swipe to refresh according to the default.
                 swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
 
-                // Apply the form data setting if the API < 26.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
-                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormData);
-                }
-
                 // Reset the pinned variables.
                 nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsDatabaseId(-1);
 
@@ -3789,35 +3623,34 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(nestedScrollWebView, defaultThirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
                 }
 
-                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.
-                // <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
-                if (nestedScrollWebView.getProgress() == 100) {  // A URL is not loading.
-                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
-                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
+                // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
 
-                    // Set the user agent.
-                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
-                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
-                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
-                            break;
+                // Set the user agent.
+                switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                    case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                        // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                        break;
 
-                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                            break;
+                    case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                        // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                        break;
 
-                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
-                            // Set the default custom user agent.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
-                            break;
+                    case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                        // Set the default custom user agent.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                        break;
 
-                        default:
-                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
-                    }
+                    default:
+                        // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
                 }
 
+                // Set the viewport.
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(wideViewport);
+
                 // Set the loading of webpage images.
                 nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
 
@@ -3845,30 +3678,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Get the search preferences.
-        String homepageString = sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value));
-        String torHomepageString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value));
+        // Get the search and theme preferences.
         String torSearchString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search", getString(R.string.tor_search_default_value));
         String torSearchCustomUrlString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search_custom_url", getString(R.string.tor_search_custom_url_default_value));
         String searchString = sharedPreferences.getString("search", getString(R.string.search_default_value));
         String searchCustomUrlString = sharedPreferences.getString("search_custom_url", getString(R.string.search_custom_url_default_value));
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-        // Get a handle for the action bar.  `getSupportActionBar()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
-        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
-
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warning later that the action bar might be null.
-        assert actionBar != null;
+        // Get a handle for the app bar layout.
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
 
         // Set the homepage, search, and proxy options.
         if (proxyThroughOrbot) {  // Set the Tor options.
-            // Set `torHomepageString` as `homepage`.
-            homepage = torHomepageString;
-
-            // If formattedUrlString is null assign the homepage to it.
-            if (formattedUrlString == null) {
-                formattedUrlString = homepage;
-            }
-
             // Set the search URL.
             if (torSearchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
                 searchURL = torSearchCustomUrlString;
@@ -3879,11 +3700,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Set the proxy.  `this` refers to the current activity where an `AlertDialog` might be displayed.
             OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "localhost", "8118");
 
-            // Set the `appBar` background to indicate proxying through Orbot is enabled.
+            // Set the app bar background to indicate proxying through Orbot is enabled.
             if (darkTheme) {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.dark_blue_30));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.dark_blue_30);
             } else {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.blue_50));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.blue_50);
             }
 
             // Check to see if Orbot is ready.
@@ -3895,20 +3716,12 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
                 // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-                currentWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHtmlString, "text/html", null);
+                currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
             } else if (reloadWebsite) {  // Orbot is ready and the website should be reloaded.
                 // Reload the website.
                 currentWebView.reload();
             }
         } else {  // Set the non-Tor options.
-            // Set `homepageString` as `homepage`.
-            homepage = homepageString;
-
-            // If formattedUrlString is null assign the homepage to it.
-            if (formattedUrlString == null) {
-                formattedUrlString = homepage;
-            }
-
             // Set the search URL.
             if (searchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
                 searchURL = searchCustomUrlString;
@@ -3919,11 +3732,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Reset the proxy to default.  The host is `""` and the port is `"0"`.
             OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "", "0");
 
-            // Set the default `appBar` background.
+            // Set the default app bar layout background.
             if (darkTheme) {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_900));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.gray_900);
             } else {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_100));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.gray_100);
             }
 
             // Reset `waitingForOrbot.
@@ -3953,8 +3766,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     }
 
     private void updatePrivacyIcons(boolean runInvalidateOptionsMenu) {
-        // Only update the privacy icons if the options menu has already been populated.
-        if (optionsMenu != null) {
+        // Only update the privacy icons if the options menu and the current WebView have already been populated.
+        if ((optionsMenu != null) && (currentWebView != null)) {
+            // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+            // Get the theme and screenshot preferences.
+            boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+
             // Get handles for the menu items.
             MenuItem privacyMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_javascript);
             MenuItem firstPartyCookiesMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
@@ -3964,14 +3783,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Update the privacy icon.
             if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScript is enabled.
                 privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.javascript_enabled);
-            } else if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // JavaScript is disabled but cookies are enabled.
+            } else if (currentWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies()) {  // JavaScript is disabled but cookies are enabled.
                 privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.warning);
             } else {  // All the dangerous features are disabled.
                 privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.privacy_mode);
             }
 
             // Update the first-party cookies icon.
-            if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
+            if (currentWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies()) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
                 firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_enabled);
             } else {  // First-party cookies are disabled.
                 if (darkTheme) {
@@ -4130,7 +3949,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
         };
 
-        // Populate the `ListView` with the adapter.
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+
+        // Populate the list view with the adapter.
         bookmarksListView.setAdapter(bookmarksCursorAdapter);
 
         // Get a handle for the bookmarks title text view.
@@ -4158,21 +3980,80 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         startActivity(openWithAppIntent);
     }
 
-    private void openWithBrowser(String url) {
-        // Create the open with intent with `ACTION_VIEW`.
-        Intent openWithBrowserIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+    private void openWithBrowser(String url) {
+        // Create the open with intent with `ACTION_VIEW`.
+        Intent openWithBrowserIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+
+        // Set the URI and the MIME type.  `"text/html"` should load browser options.
+        openWithBrowserIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(url), "text/html");
+
+        // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
+        openWithBrowserIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+        // Show the chooser.
+        startActivity(openWithBrowserIntent);
+    }
+
+    private String sanitizeUrl(String url) {
+        // Sanitize Google Analytics.
+        if (sanitizeGoogleAnalytics) {
+            // Remove `?utm_`.
+            if (url.contains("?utm_")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?utm_"));
+            }
+
+            // Remove `&utm_`.
+            if (url.contains("&utm_")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("&utm_"));
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Sanitize Facebook Click IDs.
+        if (sanitizeFacebookClickIds) {
+            // Remove `?fbclid=`.
+            if (url.contains("?fbclid=")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?fbclid="));
+            }
+
+            // Remove `&fbclid=`.
+            if (url.contains("&fbclid=")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("&fbclid="));
+            }
+        }
 
-        // Set the URI and the MIME type.  `"text/html"` should load browser options.
-        openWithBrowserIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(url), "text/html");
+        // Sanitize Twitter AMP redirects.
+        if (sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects) {
+            // Remove `?amp=1`.
+            if (url.contains("?amp=1")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?amp=1"));
+            }
+        }
 
-        // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
-        openWithBrowserIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+        // Return the sanitized URL.
+        return url;
+    }
 
-        // Show the chooser.
-        startActivity(openWithBrowserIntent);
+    public void finishedPopulatingBlocklists(ArrayList<ArrayList<List<String[]>>> combinedBlocklists) {
+        // Store the blocklists.
+        easyList = combinedBlocklists.get(0);
+        easyPrivacy = combinedBlocklists.get(1);
+        fanboysAnnoyanceList = combinedBlocklists.get(2);
+        fanboysSocialList = combinedBlocklists.get(3);
+        ultraPrivacy = combinedBlocklists.get(4);
+
+        // Add the first tab.
+        addNewTab("");
     }
 
     public void addTab(View view) {
+        // Add a new tab with a blank URL.
+        addNewTab("");
+    }
+
+    private void addNewTab(String url) {
+        // Sanitize the URL.
+        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
+
         // Get a handle for the tab layout and the view pager.
         TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
         ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
@@ -4190,19 +4071,236 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         assert newTab != null;
 
         // Set a custom view on the new tab.
-        newTab.setCustomView(R.layout.custom_tab_view);
+        newTab.setCustomView(R.layout.tab_custom_view);
 
         // Add the new WebView page.
-        webViewPagerAdapter.addPage(newTabNumber, webViewPager);
+        webViewPagerAdapter.addPage(newTabNumber, webViewPager, url);
+    }
+
+    public void closeTab(View view) {
+        // Get a handle for the tab layout.
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+
+        // Run the command according to the number of tabs.
+        if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There is more than one tab open.
+            // Close the current tab.
+            closeCurrentTab();
+        } else {  // There is only one tab open.
+            clearAndExit();
+        }
+    }
+
+    private void closeCurrentTab() {
+        // Get handles for the views.
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+
+        // Get the current tab number.
+        int currentTabNumber = tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition();
+
+        // Delete the current tab.
+        tabLayout.removeTabAt(currentTabNumber);
+
+        // Delete the current page.  If the selected page number did not change during the delete, it will return true, meaning that the current WebView must be reset.
+        if (webViewPagerAdapter.deletePage(currentTabNumber, webViewPager)) {
+            setCurrentWebView(currentTabNumber);
+        }
+
+        // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
+        appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
+    }
+
+    private void clearAndExit() {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
+        bookmarksCursor.close();
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
+
+        // Get the status of the clear everything preference.
+        boolean clearEverything = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_everything", true);
+
+        // Get a handle for the runtime.
+        Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+
+        // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`,
+        // which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+        String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
+        // Clear cookies.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cookies", true)) {
+            // The command to remove cookies changed slightly in API 21.
+            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookies(null);
+            } else {
+                CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookie();
+            }
+
+            // Manually delete the cookies database, as `CookieManager` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // Two commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                Process deleteCookiesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies");
+                Process deleteCookiesJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies-journal");
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteCookiesProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteCookiesJournalProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear DOM storage.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_dom_storage", true)) {
+            // Ask `WebStorage` to clear the DOM storage.
+            WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
+            webStorage.deleteAllData();
+
+            // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories, as `WebStorage` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
+
+                // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+                Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
+                Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
+                Process deleteDatabaseProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteDatabaseProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear form data if the API < 26.
+        if ((Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) && (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_form_data", true))) {
+            WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
+            webViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+
+            // Manually delete the form data database, as `WebViewDatabase` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // A string array must be used because the database contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not otherwise escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteWebDataProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data"});
+                Process deleteWebDataJournalProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data-journal"});
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteWebDataProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteWebDataJournalProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear the cache.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cache", true)) {
+            // Clear the cache from each WebView.
+            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+
+                // Get the fragment view.
+                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+
+                // Only clear the cache if the WebView exists.
+                if (fragmentView != null) {
+                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+
+                    // Clear the cache for this WebView.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.clearCache(true);
+                }
+            }
+
+            // Manually delete the cache directories.
+            try {
+                // Delete the main cache directory.
+                Process deleteCacheProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
+
+                // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
+                // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteServiceWorkerProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteCacheProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteServiceWorkerProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Wipe out each WebView.
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+
+            // Only wipe out the WebView if it exists.
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+
+                // Clear SSL certificate preferences for this WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.clearSslPreferences();
+
+                // Clear the back/forward history for this WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.clearHistory();
+
+                // Destroy the internal state of `mainWebView`.
+                nestedScrollWebView.destroy();
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear the custom headers.
+        customHeaders.clear();
+
+        // Manually delete the `app_webview` folder, which contains the cookies, DOM storage, form data, and `Service Worker` cache.
+        // See `https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=233826&thanks=233826&ts=1486670530`.
+        if (clearEverything) {
+            try {
+                // Delete the folder.
+                Process deleteAppWebviewProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview");
+
+                // Wait until the process has finished.
+                deleteAppWebviewProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Close Privacy Browser.  `finishAndRemoveTask` also removes Privacy Browser from the recent app list.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            finishAndRemoveTask();
+        } else {
+            finish();
+        }
+
+        // Remove the terminated program from RAM.  The status code is `0`.
+        System.exit(0);
     }
 
     private void setCurrentWebView(int pageNumber) {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Get the theme preference.
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+
         // Get handles for the URL views.
         RelativeLayout urlRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.url_relativelayout);
         EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
         SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-        //Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
+        // Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
         swipeRefreshLayout.setRefreshing(false);
 
         // Get the WebView tab fragment.
@@ -4211,80 +4309,123 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Get the fragment view.
         View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the fragment view might be null.
-        assert fragmentView != null;
+        // Set the current WebView if the fragment view is not null.
+        if (fragmentView != null) {  // The fragment has been populated.
+            // Store the current WebView.
+            currentWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-        // Store the current WebView.
-        currentWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-        // Update the status of swipe to refresh.
-        if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
-            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) {  // For API >= 23, swipe refresh layout is continuously updated with an on scroll change listener and only enabled if the WebView is scrolled to the top.
-                // Enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled all the way to the top.
+            // Update the status of swipe to refresh.
+            if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
+                // Enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled all the way to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
                 swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
-            } else {
-                // Enable the swipe refresh layout.
-                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
+            } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
+                // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
             }
-        } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
-            // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
-        }
 
-        // Update the privacy icons.  `true` redraws the icons in the app bar.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-        // Store the current formatted URL string.
-        formattedUrlString = currentWebView.getUrl();
+            // Set the first-party cookie status.
+            cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(currentWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies());
 
-        // Clear the focus from the URL text box.
-        urlEditText.clearFocus();
+            // Update the privacy icons.  `true` redraws the icons in the app bar.
+            updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-        // Hide the soft keyboard.
-        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+            // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+            InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-        // Display the current URL in the URL text box.
-        urlEditText.setText(formattedUrlString);
+            // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+            assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-        // Highlight the URL text.
-        highlightUrlText();
+            // Get the current URL.
+            String url = currentWebView.getUrl();
 
-        // Set the background to indicate the domain settings status.
-        if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {
-            // Set a green background on the URL relative layout to indicate that custom domain settings are being used. The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
-            if (darkTheme) {
-                urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_dark_blue));
+            // Update the URL edit text if not loading a new intent.  Otherwise, this will be handled by `onPageStarted()` (if called) and `onPageFinished()`.
+            if (!loadingNewIntent) {  // A new intent is not being loaded.
+                if ((url == null) || url.equals("about:blank")) {  // The WebView is blank.
+                    // Display the hint in the URL edit text.
+                    urlEditText.setText("");
+
+                    // Request focus for the URL text box.
+                    urlEditText.requestFocus();
+
+                    // Display the keyboard.
+                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlEditText, 0);
+                } else {  // The WebView has a loaded URL.
+                    // Clear the focus from the URL text box.
+                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
+
+                    // Hide the soft keyboard.
+                    inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+
+                    // Display the current URL in the URL text box.
+                    urlEditText.setText(url);
+
+                    // Highlight the URL text.
+                    highlightUrlText();
+                }
+            } else {  // A new intent is being loaded.
+                // Reset the loading new intent tracker.
+                loadingNewIntent = false;
+            }
+
+            // Set the background to indicate the domain settings status.
+            if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {
+                // Set a green background on the URL relative layout to indicate that custom domain settings are being used. The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_dark_blue));
+                } else {
+                    urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_light_green));
+                }
             } else {
-                urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_light_green));
+                urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
             }
-        } else {
-            urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
+        } else {  // The fragment has not been populated.  Try again in 100 milliseconds.
+            // Create a handler to set the current WebView.
+            Handler setCurrentWebViewHandler = new Handler();
+
+            // Create a runnable to set the current WebView.
+            Runnable setCurrentWebWebRunnable = () -> {
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(pageNumber);
+            };
+
+            // Try setting the current WebView again after 100 milliseconds.
+            setCurrentWebViewHandler.postDelayed(setCurrentWebWebRunnable, 100);
         }
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void initializeWebView(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, int pageNumber, ProgressBar progressBar) {
+    public void initializeWebView(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, int pageNumber, ProgressBar progressBar, String url) {
         // Get handles for the activity views.
         FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
         DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
         RelativeLayout mainContentRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.main_content_relativelayout);
         ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
         EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
         TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
         SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warnings below that the some of the views might be null.
+        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
         assert actionBar != null;
 
         // Get a handle for the activity
         Activity activity = this;
 
+        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+
+        // Instantiate the blocklist helper.
+        BlocklistHelper blocklistHelper = new BlocklistHelper();
+
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Get the relevant preferences.
-        boolean downloadWithExternalApp = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false);
-
         // Initialize the favorite icon.
         nestedScrollWebView.initializeFavoriteIcon();
 
@@ -4302,9 +4443,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setMixedContentMode(WebSettings.MIXED_CONTENT_NEVER_ALLOW);
         }
 
-        // Set the WebView to use a wide viewport.  Otherwise, some web pages will be scrunched and some content will render outside the screen.
-        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
-
         // Set the WebView to load in overview mode (zoomed out to the maximum width).
         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadWithOverviewMode(true);
 
@@ -4322,9 +4460,25 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                     // Toggle the full screen browsing mode.
                     if (inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Switch to full screen mode.
+                        // Store the swipe refresh layout top padding.
+                        swipeRefreshLayoutPaddingTop = swipeRefreshLayout.getPaddingTop();
+
                         // Hide the app bar if specified.
                         if (hideAppBar) {
+                            // Close the find on page bar if it is visible.
+                            closeFindOnPage(null);
+
+                            // Hide the tab linear layout.
+                            tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+
+                            // Hide the action bar.
                             actionBar.hide();
+
+                            // Check to see if app bar scrolling is disabled.
+                            if (!scrollAppBar) {
+                                // Remove the padding from the top of the swipe refresh layout.
+                                swipeRefreshLayout.setPadding(0, 0, 0, 0);
+                            }
                         }
 
                         // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
@@ -4344,9 +4498,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
                                 View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
                     } else {  // Switch to normal viewing mode.
-                        // Show the app bar.
+                        // Show the tab linear layout.
+                        tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+                        // Show the action bar.
                         actionBar.show();
 
+                        // Check to see if app bar scrolling is disabled.
+                        if (!scrollAppBar) {
+                            // Add the padding from the top of the swipe refresh layout.
+                            swipeRefreshLayout.setPadding(0, swipeRefreshLayoutPaddingTop, 0, 0);
+                        }
+
                         // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
                         if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
                             // Reload the ad.
@@ -4381,14 +4544,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         registerForContextMenu(nestedScrollWebView);
 
         // Allow the downloading of files.
-        nestedScrollWebView.setDownloadListener((String url, String userAgent, String contentDisposition, String mimetype, long contentLength) -> {
+        nestedScrollWebView.setDownloadListener((String downloadUrl, String userAgent, String contentDisposition, String mimetype, long contentLength) -> {
             // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-            if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
                 // Create a download intent.  Not specifying the action type will display the maximum number of options.
                 Intent downloadIntent = new Intent();
 
                 // Set the URI and the MIME type.  Specifying `text/html` displays a good number of options.
-                downloadIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(url), "text/html");
+                downloadIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(downloadUrl), "text/html");
 
                 // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
                 downloadIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
@@ -4401,7 +4564,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
 
                     // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
-                    downloadUrl = url;
+                    this.downloadUrl = downloadUrl;
                     downloadContentDisposition = contentDisposition;
                     downloadContentLength = contentLength;
 
@@ -4418,7 +4581,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     }
                 } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
                     // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
-                    DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(url, contentDisposition, contentLength);
+                    DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, contentDisposition, contentLength);
 
                     // Show the download file alert dialog.
                     downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
@@ -4449,15 +4612,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
         });
 
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) {
-            nestedScrollWebView.setOnScrollChangeListener((View v, int scrollX, int scrollY, int oldScrollX, int oldScrollY) -> {
-                // Update the status of swipe to refresh if it is enabled.
-                if (nestedScrollWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {
-                    // Only enable swipe to refresh if the WebView is scrolled to the top.
-                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(scrollY == 0);
-                }
-            });
-        }
+        // Update the status of swipe to refresh based on the scroll position of the nested scroll WebView.
+        // Once the minimum API >= 23 this can be replaced with `nestedScrollWebView.setOnScrollChangeListener()`.
+        nestedScrollWebView.getViewTreeObserver().addOnScrollChangedListener(() -> {
+            if (nestedScrollWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {
+                // Only enable swipe to refresh if the WebView is scrolled to the top.
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(nestedScrollWebView.getScrollY() == 0);
+            }
+        });
 
         // Set the web chrome client.
         nestedScrollWebView.setWebChromeClient(new WebChromeClient() {
@@ -4465,7 +4627,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             @Override
             public void onProgressChanged(WebView view, int progress) {
                 // Inject the night mode CSS if night mode is enabled.
-                if (nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {
+                if (nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {  // Night mode is enabled.
                     // `background-color: #212121` sets the background to be dark gray.  `color: #BDBDBD` sets the text color to be light gray.  `box-shadow: none` removes a lower underline on links
                     // used by WordPress.  `text-decoration: none` removes all text underlines.  `text-shadow: none` removes text shadows, which usually have a hard coded color.
                     // `border: none` removes all borders, which can also be used to underline text.  `a {color: #1565C0}` sets links to be a dark blue.
@@ -4484,9 +4646,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             }
                         };
 
-                        // Displaying of `mainWebView` after 500 milliseconds.
+                        // Display the WebView after 500 milliseconds.
                         displayWebViewHandler.postDelayed(displayWebViewRunnable, 500);
                     });
+                } else {  // Night mode is disabled.
+                    // Display the nested scroll WebView if night mode is disabled.
+                    // Because of a race condition between `applyDomainSettings` and `onPageStarted`,
+                    // when night mode is set by domain settings the WebView may be hidden even if night mode is not currently enabled.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                 }
 
                 // Update the progress bar.
@@ -4500,13 +4667,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Hide the progress bar.
                     progressBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-                    // Display the nested scroll WebView if night mode is disabled.
-                    // Because of a race condition between `applyDomainSettings` and `onPageStarted`,
-                    // when night mode is set by domain settings the WebView may be hidden even if night mode is not currently enabled.
-                    if (!nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {
-                        nestedScrollWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-                    }
-
                     //Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
                     swipeRefreshLayout.setRefreshing(false);
                 }
@@ -4526,20 +4686,20 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Get the current tab.
                     TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(currentPosition);
 
-                    // Remove the lint warning below that the current tab might be null.
-                    assert tab != null;
-
-                    // Get the custom view from the tab.
-                    View tabView = tab.getCustomView();
-
-                    // Remove the incorrect warning below that the current tab view might be null.
-                    assert tabView != null;
+                    // Check to see if the tab has been populated.
+                    if (tab != null) {
+                        // Get the custom view from the tab.
+                        View tabView = tab.getCustomView();
 
-                    // Get the favorite icon image view from the tab.
-                    ImageView tabFavoriteIconImageView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon_imageview);
+                        // Check to see if the custom tab view has been populated.
+                        if (tabView != null) {
+                            // Get the favorite icon image view from the tab.
+                            ImageView tabFavoriteIconImageView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon_imageview);
 
-                    // Display the favorite icon in the tab.
-                    tabFavoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(icon, 64, 64, true));
+                            // Display the favorite icon in the tab.
+                            tabFavoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(icon, 64, 64, true));
+                        }
+                    }
                 }
             }
 
@@ -4563,8 +4723,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Get the title text view from the tab.
                     TextView tabTitleTextView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
 
-                    // Set the title as the tab text.
-                    tabTitleTextView.setText(title);
+                    // Set the title according to the URL.
+                    if (title.equals("about:blank")) {
+                        // Set the title to indicate a new tab.
+                        tabTitleTextView.setText(R.string.new_tab);
+                    } else {
+                        // Set the title as the tab text.
+                        tabTitleTextView.setText(title);
+                    }
                 }
             }
 
@@ -4635,10 +4801,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Show the main content relative layout.
                 mainContentRelativeLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-                // Apply the appropriate full screen mode the `SYSTEM_UI` flags.
+                // Apply the appropriate full screen mode flags.
                 if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
                     // Hide the app bar if specified.
                     if (hideAppBar) {
+                        // Hide the tab linear layout.
+                        tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+
+                        // Hide the action bar.
                         actionBar.hide();
                     }
 
@@ -4694,14 +4864,13 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         nestedScrollWebView.setWebViewClient(new WebViewClient() {
             // `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` makes this `WebView` the default handler for URLs inside the app, so that links are not kicked out to other apps.
             // The deprecated `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` must be used until API >= 24.
-            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
             @Override
             public boolean shouldOverrideUrlLoading(WebView view, String url) {
-                if (url.startsWith("http")) {  // Load the URL in Privacy Browser.
-                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-                    formattedUrlString = "";
+                // Sanitize the url.
+                url = sanitizeUrl(url);
 
-                    // Apply the domain settings for the new URL.  `applyDomainSettings` doesn't do anything if the domain has not changed.
+                if (url.startsWith("http")) {  // Load the URL in Privacy Browser.
+                    // Apply the domain settings for the new URL.  This doesn't do anything if the domain has not changed.
                     boolean userAgentChanged = applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, url, true, false);
 
                     // Check if the user agent has changed.
@@ -4771,9 +4940,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
 
             // Check requests against the block lists.  The deprecated `shouldInterceptRequest()` must be used until minimum API >= 21.
-            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
             @Override
             public WebResourceResponse shouldInterceptRequest(WebView view, String url) {
+                // Sanitize the URL.
+                url = sanitizeUrl(url);
+
                 // Get a handle for the navigation view.
                 NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
 
@@ -4781,7 +4952,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
 
                 // Get a handle for the navigation requests menu item.  The menu is 0 based.
-                MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(6);
+                MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
 
                 // Create an empty web resource response to be used if the resource request is blocked.
                 WebResourceResponse emptyWebResourceResponse = new WebResourceResponse("text/plain", "utf8", new ByteArrayInputStream("".getBytes()));
@@ -4792,24 +4963,22 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Initialize the third party request tracker.
                 boolean isThirdPartyRequest = false;
 
-                // Initialize the current domain string.
-                String currentDomain = "";
+                // Get the current URL.  `.getUrl()` throws an error because operations on the WebView cannot be made from this thread.
+                String currentBaseDomain = nestedScrollWebView.getCurrentDomainName();
 
-                // Nobody is happy when comparing null strings.
-                if (!(formattedUrlString == null) && !(url == null)) {
-                    // Get the domain strings to URIs.
-                    Uri currentDomainUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
-                    Uri requestDomainUri = Uri.parse(url);
+                // Store a copy of the current domain for use in later requests.
+                String currentDomain = currentBaseDomain;
 
-                    // Get the domain host names.
-                    String currentBaseDomain = currentDomainUri.getHost();
-                    String requestBaseDomain = requestDomainUri.getHost();
+                // Nobody is happy when comparing null strings.
+                if ((currentBaseDomain != null) && (url != null)) {
+                    // Convert the request URL to a URI.
+                    Uri requestUri = Uri.parse(url);
 
-                    // Update the current domain variable.
-                    currentDomain = currentBaseDomain;
+                    // Get the request host name.
+                    String requestBaseDomain = requestUri.getHost();
 
-                    // Only compare the current base domain and the request base domain if neither is null.
-                    if (!(currentBaseDomain == null) && !(requestBaseDomain == null)) {
+                    // Only check for third-party requests if the current base domain is not empty and the request domain is not null.
+                    if (!currentBaseDomain.isEmpty() && (requestBaseDomain != null)) {
                         // Determine the current base domain.
                         while (currentBaseDomain.indexOf(".", currentBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1) > 0) {  // There is at least one subdomain.
                             // Remove the first subdomain.
@@ -4836,7 +5005,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Block third-party requests if enabled.
                 if (isThirdPartyRequest && nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS)) {
                     // Add the result to the resource requests.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[]{BlockListHelper.REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY, url});
+                    nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[]{BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY, url});
 
                     // Increment the blocked requests counters.
                     nestedScrollWebView.incrementRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS);
@@ -4848,9 +5017,13 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
                             // Update the menu item titles.
                             navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                            blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS) + " - " +
-                                    getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
+
+                            // Update the options menu if it has been populated.
+                            if (optionsMenu != null) {
+                                optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.blocklists).setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+                                optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests).setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS) + " - " +
+                                        getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
+                            }
                         });
                     }
 
@@ -4861,10 +5034,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check UltraPrivacy if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY)) {
                     // Check the URL against UltraPrivacy.
-                    String[] ultraPrivacyResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, ultraPrivacy);
+                    String[] ultraPrivacyResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, ultraPrivacy);
 
                     // Process the UltraPrivacy results.
-                    if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's blacklist.
+                    if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {ultraPrivacyResults[0], ultraPrivacyResults[1], ultraPrivacyResults[2], ultraPrivacyResults[3], ultraPrivacyResults[4],
                                 ultraPrivacyResults[5]});
@@ -4879,14 +5052,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
                                 // Update the menu item titles.
                                 navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
+
+                                // Update the options menu if it has been populated.
+                                if (optionsMenu != null) {
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.blocklists).setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy).setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
+                                }
                             });
                         }
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's whitelist.
+                    } else if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's whitelist.
                         // Add a whitelist entry to the resource requests array.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {ultraPrivacyResults[0], ultraPrivacyResults[1], ultraPrivacyResults[2], ultraPrivacyResults[3], ultraPrivacyResults[4],
                                 ultraPrivacyResults[5]});
@@ -4899,10 +5076,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check EasyList if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST)) {
                     // Check the URL against EasyList.
-                    String[] easyListResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyList);
+                    String[] easyListResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyList);
 
                     // Process the EasyList results.
-                    if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's blacklist.
+                    if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {easyListResults[0], easyListResults[1], easyListResults[2], easyListResults[3], easyListResults[4], easyListResults[5]});
 
@@ -4916,14 +5093,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
                                 // Update the menu item titles.
                                 navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                easyListMenuItem.setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
+
+                                // Update the options menu if it has been populated.
+                                if (optionsMenu != null) {
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.blocklists).setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.easylist).setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
+                                }
                             });
                         }
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's whitelist.
+                    } else if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's whitelist.
                         // Update the whitelist result string array tracker.
                         whitelistResultStringArray = new String[] {easyListResults[0], easyListResults[1], easyListResults[2], easyListResults[3], easyListResults[4], easyListResults[5]};
                     }
@@ -4932,10 +5113,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check EasyPrivacy if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY)) {
                     // Check the URL against EasyPrivacy.
-                    String[] easyPrivacyResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyPrivacy);
+                    String[] easyPrivacyResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyPrivacy);
 
                     // Process the EasyPrivacy results.
-                    if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's blacklist.
+                    if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {easyPrivacyResults[0], easyPrivacyResults[1], easyPrivacyResults[2], easyPrivacyResults[3], easyPrivacyResults[4],
                                 easyPrivacyResults[5]});
@@ -4950,14 +5131,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
                                 // Update the menu item titles.
                                 navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
+
+                                // Update the options menu if it has been populated.
+                                if (optionsMenu != null) {
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.blocklists).setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy).setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
+                                }
                             });
                         }
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's whitelist.
+                    } else if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's whitelist.
                         // Update the whitelist result string array tracker.
                         whitelistResultStringArray = new String[] {easyPrivacyResults[0], easyPrivacyResults[1], easyPrivacyResults[2], easyPrivacyResults[3], easyPrivacyResults[4], easyPrivacyResults[5]};
                     }
@@ -4966,10 +5151,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check Fanboy’s Annoyance List if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST)) {
                     // Check the URL against Fanboy's Annoyance List.
-                    String[] fanboysAnnoyanceListResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysAnnoyanceList);
+                    String[] fanboysAnnoyanceListResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysAnnoyanceList);
 
                     // Process the Fanboy's Annoyance List results.
-                    if (fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Annoyance List's blacklist.
+                    if (fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Annoyance List's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[1], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[2], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[3],
                                 fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[4], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[5]});
@@ -4984,25 +5169,29 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
                                 // Update the menu item titles.
                                 navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST) + " - " +
-                                        getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
+
+                                // Update the options menu if it has been populated.
+                                if (optionsMenu != null) {
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.blocklists).setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list).setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST) + " - " +
+                                            getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyanc