Speed up the initial loading of Privacy Browser.
[PrivacyBrowser.git] / app / src / main / java / com / stoutner / privacybrowser / activities / MainWebViewActivity.java
index c0f2b82..895f20a 100644 (file)
@@ -71,7 +71,6 @@ import android.webkit.CookieManager;
 import android.webkit.HttpAuthHandler;
 import android.webkit.SslErrorHandler;
 import android.webkit.ValueCallback;
-import android.webkit.WebBackForwardList;
 import android.webkit.WebChromeClient;
 import android.webkit.WebResourceResponse;
 import android.webkit.WebSettings;
@@ -96,6 +95,7 @@ import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBar;
 import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBarDrawerToggle;
 import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
 import androidx.appcompat.widget.Toolbar;
+import androidx.coordinatorlayout.widget.CoordinatorLayout;
 import androidx.core.app.ActivityCompat;
 import androidx.core.content.ContextCompat;
 import androidx.core.view.GravityCompat;
@@ -105,6 +105,7 @@ import androidx.fragment.app.FragmentManager;
 import androidx.swiperefreshlayout.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout;
 import androidx.viewpager.widget.ViewPager;
 
+import com.google.android.material.appbar.AppBarLayout;
 import com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton;
 import com.google.android.material.navigation.NavigationView;
 import com.google.android.material.snackbar.Snackbar;
@@ -114,6 +115,7 @@ import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.BuildConfig;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.R;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.adapters.WebViewPagerAdapter;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.GetHostIpAddresses;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.PopulateBlocklists;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.AdConsentDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkFolderDialog;
@@ -124,13 +126,12 @@ import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadLocationPermissionDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.HttpAuthenticationDialog;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.PinnedMismatchDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.SslCertificateErrorDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.UrlHistoryDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.ViewSslCertificateDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.fragments.WebViewTabFragment;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.AdHelper;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlockListHelper;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlocklistHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.CheckPinnedMismatchHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.DomainsDatabaseHelper;
@@ -154,47 +155,24 @@ import java.util.List;
 import java.util.Map;
 import java.util.Set;
 
-// TODO.  The swipe refresh indicator needs to be enabled/disabled when switching tabs.
-
 // AppCompatActivity from android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity must be used to have access to the SupportActionBar until the minimum API is >= 21.
 public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBookmarkDialog.CreateBookmarkListener, CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.CreateBookmarkFolderListener,
         DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener, DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DownloadLocationPermissionDialogListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener,
-        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, HttpAuthenticationDialog.HttpAuthenticationListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener,
-        PinnedMismatchDialog.PinnedMismatchListener, SslCertificateErrorDialog.SslCertificateErrorListener, UrlHistoryDialog.UrlHistoryListener {
-
-    // `darkTheme` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.
-    public static boolean darkTheme;
-
-    // `allowScreenshots` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static boolean allowScreenshots;
-
-    // TODO Remove.
-    // `formattedUrlString` is public static so it can be accessed from `AddDomainDialog`, `BookmarksActivity`, `DomainSettingsFragment`, and `PinnedMismatchDialog`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    public static String formattedUrlString;
+        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PopulateBlocklists.PopulateBlocklistsListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener {
 
     // `orbotStatus` is public static so it can be accessed from `OrbotProxyHelper`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     public static String orbotStatus;
 
-    // The WebView pager adapter is accessed from `PinnedMismatchDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `addTab()`.
+    // The WebView pager adapter is accessed from `HttpAuthenticationDialog`, `PinnedMismatchDialog`, and `SslCertificateErrorDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `addTab()`.
     public static WebViewPagerAdapter webViewPagerAdapter;
 
-    // `reloadOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`
-    public static boolean reloadOnRestart;
-
-    // `reloadUrlOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment` and `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
+    // The load URL on restart variables are public static so they can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  They are used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean loadUrlOnRestart;
+    public static String urlToLoadOnRestart;
 
     // `restartFromBookmarksActivity` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean restartFromBookmarksActivity;
 
-    // The blocklist versions are public static so they can be accessed from `AboutTabFragment`.  They are also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static String easyListVersion;
-    public static String easyPrivacyVersion;
-    public static String fanboysAnnoyanceVersion;
-    public static String fanboysSocialVersion;
-    public static String ultraPrivacyVersion;
-
     // `currentBookmarksFolder` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onBackPressed()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`,
     // `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     public static String currentBookmarksFolder;
@@ -209,9 +187,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
 
 
-    // `navigatingHistory` is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean navigatingHistory;  // TODO.
-
     // The current WebView is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `findPreviousOnPage()`,
     // `findNextOnPage()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private NestedScrollWebView currentWebView;
@@ -219,66 +194,40 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `customHeader` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `loadUrl()`.
     private final Map<String, String> customHeaders = new HashMap<>();
 
-    // `firstPartyCookiesEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onDownloadImage()`, `onDownloadFile()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean firstPartyCookiesEnabled;
-
-    // `saveFormDataEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.  It can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-    private boolean saveFormDataEnabled;
+    // The search URL is set in `applyProxyThroughOrbot()` and used in `onCreate()`, `onNewIntent()`, `loadURLFromTextBox()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
+    private String searchURL;
 
-    // TODO Move to NestedScrollWebView.
-    // `nightMode` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and  `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean nightMode;
-
-    // 'homepage' is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private String homepage;  // TODO ?
-
-    // `searchURL` is used in `loadURLFromTextBox()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private String searchURL;  // TODO ?
-
-    // The options menu is set in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and used in `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
+    // The options menu is set in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `updatePrivacyIcons()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
     private Menu optionsMenu;
 
-    // The refresh menu item is set in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and accessed from `initializeWebView()`.
-    // It must be this way because `initializeWebView()` runs before the menu is created but doesn't actually modify the menu until later.
-    private MenuItem refreshMenuItem;  // TODO.  Create it from `optionsMenu`.
-
-    // TODO.  This could probably be removed.
-    // The blocklist helper is used in `onCreate()` and `WebViewPagerAdapter`.
-    private BlockListHelper blockListHelper;
-
-    // The blocklists are populated in `onCreate()` and accessed from `WebViewPagerAdapter`.
+    // The blocklists are populated in `finishedPopulatingBlocklists()` and accessed from `initializeWebView()`.
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyList;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyPrivacy;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysAnnoyanceList;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysSocialList;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> ultraPrivacy;
 
-    // The blocklist menu items are used in `onCreateOptionsMenu()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, and `initializeWebView()`.  // TODO.
-    private MenuItem blocklistsMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem easyListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem ultraPrivacyMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem;
-
     // `webViewDefaultUserAgent` is used in `onCreate()` and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
     private String webViewDefaultUserAgent;
 
     // `proxyThroughOrbot` is used in `onRestart()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `applyAppSettings()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean proxyThroughOrbot;
 
-    // `incognitoModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean incognitoModeEnabled;  // TODO.
+    // The incognito mode is set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private boolean incognitoModeEnabled;
 
-    // `fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled;  // TODO.
+    // The full screen browsing mode tracker is set it `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private boolean fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled;
 
     // `inFullScreenBrowsingMode` is used in `onCreate()`, `onConfigurationChanged()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
     private boolean inFullScreenBrowsingMode;
 
-    // Hide app bar is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean hideAppBar;  // TODO.
+    // The app bar trackers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private boolean hideAppBar;
+    private boolean scrollAppBar;
+
+    // The loading new intent tracker is set in `onNewIntent()` and used in `setCurrentWebView()`.
+    private boolean loadingNewIntent;
 
     // `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, and `onAddDomain()`, .
     private boolean reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart;
@@ -289,32 +238,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `displayingFullScreenVideo` is used in `onCreate()` and `onResume()`.
     private boolean displayingFullScreenVideo;
 
-    // `downloadWithExternalApp` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean downloadWithExternalApp;  // TODO.
-
     // `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` is used in `onCreate()` and `onDestroy()`.
     private BroadcastReceiver orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver;
 
     // `waitingForOrbot` is used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean waitingForOrbot;
 
-    // `domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled` is used in `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private Boolean domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled;  // TODO.
-
-    // `waitingForOrbotHtmlString` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private String waitingForOrbotHtmlString;  // TODO.
-
-    // `privateDataDirectoryString` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
-    private String privateDataDirectoryString;  // TODO.
-
-    // `findOnPageEditText` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private EditText findOnPageEditText;  // TODO.
-
-    // `displayAdditionalAppBarIcons` is used in `onCreate()` and `onCreateOptionsMenu()`.
-    private boolean displayAdditionalAppBarIcons;  // TODO.
-
     // The action bar drawer toggle is initialized in `onCreate()` and used in `onResume()`.
-    private ActionBarDrawerToggle actionBarDrawerToggle;  // TODO.
+    private ActionBarDrawerToggle actionBarDrawerToggle;
 
     // The color spans are used in `onCreate()` and `highlightUrlText()`.
     private ForegroundColorSpan redColorSpan;
@@ -326,24 +257,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     private int drawerHeaderPaddingTop;
     private int drawerHeaderPaddingBottom;
 
-    // `sslErrorHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslErrorCancel()`, and `onSslErrorProceed`.
-    private SslErrorHandler sslErrorHandler;  // TODO.
-
-    // `httpAuthHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onHttpAuthenticationCancel()`, and `onHttpAuthenticationProceed()`.
-    private static HttpAuthHandler httpAuthHandler;  // TODO.
-
-    // `inputMethodManager` is used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private InputMethodManager inputMethodManager;  // TODO.
-
     // `bookmarksDatabaseHelper` is used in `onCreate()`, `onDestroy`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`,
     // and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
-    private BookmarksDatabaseHelper bookmarksDatabaseHelper;  // TODO.
-
-    // `bookmarksListView` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
-    private ListView bookmarksListView;  // TODO.
-
-    // `bookmarksTitleTextView` is used in `onCreate()` and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
-    private TextView bookmarksTitleTextView;  // TODO.
+    private BookmarksDatabaseHelper bookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 
     // `bookmarksCursor` is used in `onDestroy()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private Cursor bookmarksCursor;
@@ -357,6 +273,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `fileChooserCallback` is used in `onCreate()` and `onActivityResult()`.
     private ValueCallback<Uri[]> fileChooserCallback;
 
+    // The default progress view offsets are set in `onCreate()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private int defaultProgressViewStartOffset;
+    private int defaultProgressViewEndOffset;
+
+    // The swipe refresh layout top padding is used when exiting full screen browsing mode.  It is used in an inner class in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private int swipeRefreshLayoutPaddingTop;
+
+    // The URL sanitizers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `sanitizeUrl()`.
+    private boolean sanitizeGoogleAnalytics;
+    private boolean sanitizeFacebookClickIds;
+    private boolean sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects;
+
     // The download strings are used in `onCreate()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()` and `initializeWebView()`.
     private String downloadUrl;
     private String downloadContentDisposition;
@@ -365,10 +293,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `downloadImageUrl` is used in `onCreateContextMenu()` and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
     private String downloadImageUrl;
 
-    // The user agent variables are used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private ArrayAdapter<CharSequence> userAgentNamesArray;
-    private String[] userAgentDataArray;
-
     // The request codes are used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
     private final int DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE = 1;
     private final int DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE = 2;
@@ -377,12 +301,15 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // Remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
     @SuppressLint("ClickableViewAccessibility")
     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
+        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
         // Get the theme and screenshot preferences.
-        darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
-        allowScreenshots = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("allow_screenshots", false);
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+        boolean allowScreenshots = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("allow_screenshots", false);
 
         // Disable screenshots if not allowed.
         if (!allowScreenshots) {
@@ -401,13 +328,15 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
         // Set the content view.
         setContentView(R.layout.main_framelayout);
-
-        // Get handles for the input method manager and toolbar.
-        inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
         Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
 
         // Set the action bar.  `SupportActionBar` must be used until the minimum API is >= 21.
         setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
+
+        // Get a handle for the action bar.
         ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
 
         // This is needed to get rid of the Android Studio warning that the action bar might be null.
@@ -417,1279 +346,878 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         actionBar.setCustomView(R.layout.url_app_bar);
         actionBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
 
-        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
-        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
-        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
-        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        // Initially disable the sliding drawers.  They will be enabled once the blocklists are loaded.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_LOCKED_CLOSED);
 
-        // Get handles for the URL views.
-        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
 
-        // Remove the formatting from `urlTextBar` when the user is editing the text.
-        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
-            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
-                // Remove the highlighting.
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
-            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
-                // Move to the beginning of the string.
-                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
+        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
+        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
 
-                // Reapply the highlighting.
-                highlightUrlText();
-            }
-        });
+        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
+        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
 
-        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
-        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
-            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
-                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
-                loadUrlFromTextBox();
+        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
+        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
 
-                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {
-                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
+        // Populate the blocklists.
+        new PopulateBlocklists(this, this).execute();
+    }
 
-        // Set `waitingForOrbotHTMLString`.
-        waitingForOrbotHtmlString = "<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>";
+    @Override
+    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
+        // Get the information from the intent.
+        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
+        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
 
-        // Initialize the Orbot status and the waiting for Orbot trackers.
-        orbotStatus = "unknown";
-        waitingForOrbot = false;
+        // Determine if this is a web search.
+        boolean isWebSearch = ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH));
 
-        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
-        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
-            @Override
-            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
-                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
-                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
+        // Only process the URI if it contains data or it is a web search.  If the user pressed the desktop icon after the app was already running the URI will be null.
+        if (intentUriData != null || isWebSearch) {
+            // Get the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
-                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Reset `waitingForOrbot`.
-                    waitingForOrbot = false;
+            // Create a URL string.
+            String url;
 
-                    // Load `formattedUrlString
-                    loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+            // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+            if (isWebSearch) {
+                // Create an encoded URL string.
+                String encodedUrlString;
+
+                // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                try {
+                    encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                    encodedUrlString = "";
                 }
+
+                // Add the base search URL.
+                url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+            } else {  // The intent should contain a URL.
+                // Set the intent data as the URL.
+                url = intentUriData.toString();
             }
-        };
 
-        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
-        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
+            // Add a new tab if specified in the preferences.
+            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("open_intents_in_new_tab", true)) {  // Load the URL in a new tab.
+                // Set the loading new intent flag.
+                loadingNewIntent = true;
 
-        // Instantiate the block list helper.
-        blockListHelper = new BlockListHelper();
+                // Add a new tab.
+                addNewTab(url);
+            } else {  // Load the URL in the current tab.
+                // Make it so.
+                loadUrl(url);
+            }
 
-        // Parse the block lists.
-        easyList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easylist.txt");
-        easyPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easyprivacy.txt");
-        fanboysAnnoyanceList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-annoyance.txt");
-        fanboysSocialList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-social.txt");
-        ultraPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/ultraprivacy.txt");
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-        // Store the list versions.
-        easyListVersion = easyList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        easyPrivacyVersion = easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        fanboysAnnoyanceVersion = fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        fanboysSocialVersion = fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        ultraPrivacyVersion = ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
+            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+            }
 
-        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-        NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
-        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
-        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
-        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
-        bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
-        bookmarksTitleTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
-        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
-        findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
+        }
+    }
 
-        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
-        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
+    @Override
+    public void onRestart() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onRestart();
 
-        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
-        Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
-        MenuItem navigationCloseTabMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(0);
-        MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
-        MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
-        MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
-        MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(6);
+        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
+        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
+            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
 
-        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
-        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
+            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
+            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
 
-        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
-        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
+            // Make it so.
+            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
+        }
 
-        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
-        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
+        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity.
+        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply app settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
-        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+            // Apply the app settings.
+            applyAppSettings();
+        }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
-                // Set the current WebView.
-                setCurrentWebView(position);
+        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the settings or domains activity.
+        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply domain settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager.
-                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
-                    // Get a handle for the corresponding tab.
-                    TabLayout.Tab correspondingTab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
+            // Reapply the domain settings for each tab.
+            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-                    // Assert that the corresponding tab is not null.
-                    assert correspondingTab != null;
+                // Get the fragment view.
+                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-                    // Select the corresponding tab.
-                    correspondingTab.select();
-                }
-            }
+                // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
+                if (fragmentView != null) {
+                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
-        });
+                    // Reset the current domain name so the domain settings will be reapplied.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
-        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Select the same page in the view pager.
-                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
+                    // Reapply the domain settings if the URL is not null, which can happen if an empty tab is active when returning from settings.
+                    if (nestedScrollWebView.getUrl() != null) {
+                        applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, nestedScrollWebView.getUrl(), false, true);
+                    }
+                }
             }
+        }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+        // Load the URL on restart (used when loading a bookmark).
+        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
+            // Load the specified URL.
+            loadUrl(urlToLoadOnRestart);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
-                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = ViewSslCertificateDialog.displayDialog(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+            // Reset the load on restart tracker.
+            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
+        }
 
-                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
-                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
-            }
-        });
+        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
+        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-        // Add the first tab.
-        addTab(null);
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
 
-        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
-        // The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21 and and `getResources().getColor()` must be used until the minimum API >= 23.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
-        } else {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
-        }
+            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
+            loadBookmarksFolder();
 
-        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
-        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Store the current WebView url and title in the bookmarks activity.  // TODO.
-            BookmarksActivity.currentWebViewUrl = currentWebView.getUrl();
-            BookmarksActivity.currentWebViewTitle = currentWebView.getTitle();
+            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
+            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
+        }
 
-            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
-            Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon();
+        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+    }
 
-            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
+    @Override
+    public void onResume() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onResume();
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
-            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
+            // Only resume the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-            // Add the extra information to the intent.
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("favorite_icon_byte_array", favoriteIconByteArray);
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
+                nestedScrollWebView.resumeTimers();
 
-            // Make it so.
-            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
-        });
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.onResume();
+            }
+        }
 
-        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Create a create bookmark folder dialog.
-            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.createBookmarkFolder(currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+        // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
+        if (waitingForOrbot && !orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
+            // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
+            currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
-            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog.
-            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_folder));
-        });
+            // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
+            currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
+        }
 
-        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
-            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
-            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+        if (displayingFullScreenVideo || inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Get a handle for the root frame layouts.
+            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
 
-            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
-            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
-        });
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
-        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
-            @Override
-            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {  // Resume the adView for the free flavor.
+            // Resume the ad.
+            AdHelper.resumeAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+        }
+    }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+    @Override
+    public void onPause() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onPause();
 
-            @Override
-            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
-                // Search for the text in `mainWebView`.
-                currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
-            }
-        });
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
-        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
-                // Hide the soft keyboard.
-                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-                // Consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
-                // Do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
+            // Only pause the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-        // Implement swipe to refresh.
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
+                // Pause the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.onPause();
 
-        // The swipe to refresh circle doesn't always hide itself completely unless it is moved up 10 pixels.
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressViewOffset(false, swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset() - 10, swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset());
+                // Pause the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
+                nestedScrollWebView.pauseTimers();
+            }
+        }
 
-        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
-        } else {
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
+        // Pause the ad or it will continue to consume resources in the background on the free flavor.
+        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+            // Pause the ad.
+            AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
         }
+    }
 
-        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
+    @Override
+    public void onDestroy() {
+        // Unregister the Orbot status broadcast receiver.
+        this.unregisterReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver);
 
-        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
+        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
+        bookmarksCursor.close();
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
 
-        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
-        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onDestroy();
+    }
 
-        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
-        loadBookmarksFolder();
+    @Override
+    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
+        // Inflate the menu.  This adds items to the action bar if it is present.
+        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.webview_options_menu, menu);
 
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
-            int databaseID = (int) id;
+        // Store a handle for the options menu so it can be used by `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
+        optionsMenu = menu;
 
-            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
-            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
-            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
+        // Set the initial status of the privacy icons.  `false` does not call `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(false);
 
-            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
-            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
-                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+        // Get handles for the menu items.
+        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
+        MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
 
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
-            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
-                // Load the bookmark URL.
-                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
+        // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
+        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21);
 
-                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
+        // Only display the form data menu items if the API < 26.
+        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
+        clearFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
 
-            // Close the `Cursor`.
-            bookmarkCursor.close();
-        });
+        // Disable the clear form data menu item if the API >= 26 so that the status of the main Clear Data is calculated correctly.
+        clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
 
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
-            int databaseId = (int) id;
+        // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
+        adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
 
-            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
-            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
+        // Get the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-            if (isFolder) {
-                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
-                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+        // Get the dark theme and app bar preferences..
+        boolean displayAdditionalAppBarIcons = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false);
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
-                DialogFragment editBookmarkFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-                editBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_folder));
-            } else {
-                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
-                DialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
+        // Set the status of the additional app bar icons.  Setting the refresh menu item to `SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS` makes it appear even on small devices like phones.
+        if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
+            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
+            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
+            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS);
+        } else { //Do not display the additional icons.
+            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+        }
+
+        // Replace Refresh with Stop if a URL is already loading.
+        if (currentWebView != null && currentWebView.getProgress() != 100) {
+            // Set the title.
+            refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.stop);
+
+            // If the icon is displayed in the AppBar, set it according to the theme.
+            if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_dark);
+                } else {
+                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_light);
+                }
             }
+        }
 
-            // Consume the event.
-            return true;
-        });
+        // Done.
+        return true;
+    }
 
-        // Get the status bar pixel size.
-        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
-        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
+    @Override
+    public boolean onPrepareOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
+        // Get handles for the menu items.
+        MenuItem addOrEditDomain = menu.findItem(R.id.add_or_edit_domain);
+        MenuItem firstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem domStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem saveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem clearDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_data);
+        MenuItem clearCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_cookies);
+        MenuItem clearDOMStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem blocklistsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.blocklists);
+        MenuItem easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
+        MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
+        MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
+        MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
+        MenuItem ultraPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy);
+        MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
+        MenuItem fontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size);
+        MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
+        MenuItem wideViewportMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.wide_viewport);
+        MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
+        MenuItem nightModeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.night_mode);
+        MenuItem proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.proxy_through_orbot);
 
-        // Get the resource density.
-        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
+        // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+        CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
-        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+        // Initialize the current user agent string and the font size.
+        String currentUserAgent = getString(R.string.user_agent_privacy_browser);
+        int fontSize = 100;
 
-        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
-        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
+        // Set items that require the current web view to be populated.  It will be null when the program is first opened, as `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` is called before the first WebView is initialized.
+        if (currentWebView != null) {
+            // Set the add or edit domain text.
+            if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {
+                addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.edit_domain_settings);
+            } else {
+                addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.add_domain_settings);
             }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
-                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
-                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
-                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
-                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
+            // Get the current user agent from the WebView.
+            currentUserAgent = currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
-                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
-                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
-                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
-                    }
+            // Get the current font size from the
+            fontSize = currentWebView.getSettings().getTextZoom();
 
-                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
-                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
-                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
-                    }
+            // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
+            domStorageMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
+            saveFormDataMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+            easyListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST));
+            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY));
+            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
+            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
+            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
+            blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
+            swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+            wideViewportMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
+            displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
+            nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getNightMode());
 
-                    // Update the navigation menu items.
-                    navigationCloseTabMenuItem.setEnabled(tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1);
-                    navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoBack());
-                    navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoForward());
-                    navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((currentWebView.canGoBack() || currentWebView.canGoForward()));
-                    navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+            // Initialize the display names for the blocklists with the number of blocked requests.
+            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+            easyListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
+            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
+            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
+            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
+            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
+            blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS) + " - " + getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
 
-                    // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
-                    inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+            // Only modify third-party cookies if the API >= 21.
+            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                // Set the status of the third-party cookies checkbox.
+                thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
 
-                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
-                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
-                    currentWebView.clearFocus();
-                }
+                // Enable third-party cookies if first-party cookies are enabled.
+                thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
             }
-        });
 
-        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
-        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
-
-        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
-        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
-
-        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
-        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+            // Enable DOM Storage if JavaScript is enabled.
+            domStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled());
+        }
 
-        // Store the application's private data directory.
-        privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
-        // `dataDir` will vary, but will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+        // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
+        firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
+        proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem.setChecked(proxyThroughOrbot);
 
-        // Initialize `inFullScreenBrowsingMode`, which is always false at this point because Privacy Browser never starts in full screen browsing mode.
-        inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+        // Enable Clear Cookies if there are any.
+        clearCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.hasCookies());
 
-        // Initialize the privacy settings variables.
-        firstPartyCookiesEnabled = false;
-        saveFormDataEnabled = false;  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        nightMode = false;
+        // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+        String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
 
-        // Inflate a bare WebView to get the default user agent.  It is not used to render content on the screen.
-        @SuppressLint("InflateParams") View webViewLayout = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bare_webview, null, false);
+        // Get a count of the number of files in the Local Storage directory.
+        File localStorageDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/");
+        int localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
+        if (localStorageDirectory.exists()) {
+            localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = localStorageDirectory.list().length;
+        }
 
-        // Get a handle for the WebView.
-        WebView bareWebView = webViewLayout.findViewById(R.id.bare_webview);
+        // Get a count of the number of files in the IndexedDB directory.
+        File indexedDBDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+        int indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
+        if (indexedDBDirectory.exists()) {
+            indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = indexedDBDirectory.list().length;
+        }
 
-        // Store the default user agent.
-        webViewDefaultUserAgent = bareWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+        // Enable Clear DOM Storage if there is any.
+        clearDOMStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0 || indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0);
 
-        // Destroy the bare WebView.
-        bareWebView.destroy();
+        // Enable Clear Form Data is there is any.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
+            // Get the WebView database.
+            WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
 
-        // Initialize the user agent array adapter and string array.
-        userAgentNamesArray = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this, R.array.user_agent_names, R.layout.spinner_item);
-        userAgentDataArray = getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data);
+            // Enable the clear form data menu item if there is anything to clear.
+            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(webViewDatabase.hasFormData());
+        }
 
-        // Get the intent that started the app.
-        Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
+        // Enable Clear Data if any of the submenu items are enabled.
+        clearDataMenuItem.setEnabled(clearCookiesMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearDOMStorageMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearFormDataMenuItem.isEnabled());
 
-        // Get the information from the intent.
-        String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
-        Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
+        // Disable Fanboy's Social Blocking List menu item if Fanboy's Annoyance List is checked.
+        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.isChecked());
 
-        // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
-        if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
-            // Create an encoded URL string.
-            String encodedUrlString;
+        // Select the current user agent menu item.  A switch statement cannot be used because the user agents are not compile time constants.
+        if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0])) {  // Privacy Browser.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(webViewDefaultUserAgent)) {  // WebView Default.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_webview_default).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2])) {  // Firefox on Android.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3])) {  // Chrome on Android.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4])) {  // Safari on iOS.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5])) {  // Firefox on Linux.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6])) {  // Chromium on Linux.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7])) {  // Firefox on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8])) {  // Chrome on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9])) {  // Edge on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10])) {  // Internet Explorer on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11])) {  // Safari on macOS.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos).setChecked(true);
+        } else {  // Custom user agent.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_custom).setChecked(true);
+        }
 
-            // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-            try {
-                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                encodedUrlString = "";
-            }
+        // Instantiate the font size title and the selected font size menu item.
+        String fontSizeTitle;
+        MenuItem selectedFontSizeMenuItem;
 
-            // Add the base search URL.
-            formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-        } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
-            // Set the formatted URL string.
-            formattedUrlString = launchingIntentUriData.toString();
-        }
-    }
+        // Prepare the font size title and current size menu item.
+        switch (fontSize) {
+            case 25:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.twenty_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent);
+                break;
 
-    @Override
-    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
-        // Get the information from the intent.
-        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
-        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
+            case 50:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.fifty_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_fifty_percent);
+                break;
 
-        // Only process the URI if it contains data.  If the user pressed the desktop icon after the app was already running the URI will be null.
-        if (intentUriData != null) {
-            // Sets the new intent as the activity intent, which replaces the one that originally started the app.
-            setIntent(intent);
+            case 75:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.seventy_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent);
+                break;
 
-            // Add a new tab.
-            addTab(null);
+            case 100:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
+                break;
 
-            // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
-            if ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
-                // Create an encoded URL string.
-                String encodedUrlString;
+            case 125:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
+                break;
 
-                // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-                try {
-                    encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
-                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                    encodedUrlString = "";
-                }
+            case 150:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_fifty_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent);
+                break;
 
-                // Add the base search URL.
-                formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-            } else {  // The intent should contain a URL.
-                // Set the formatted URL string.
-                formattedUrlString = intentUriData.toString();
-            }
+            case 175:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
+                break;
 
-            // Load the URL.
-            loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+            case 200:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.two_hundred_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent);
+                break;
 
-            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+            default:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
+                break;
+        }
 
-            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-            }
+        // Set the font size title and select the current size menu item.
+        fontSizeMenuItem.setTitle(fontSizeTitle);
+        selectedFontSizeMenuItem.setChecked(true);
 
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
+        // Run all the other default commands.
+        super.onPrepareOptionsMenu(menu);
 
-            // Clear the keyboard if displayed and remove the focus on the urlTextBar if it has it.
-            currentWebView.requestFocus();
-        }
+        // Display the menu.
+        return true;
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onRestart() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onRestart();
-
-        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
-        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
-            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
-            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
+    // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.
+    @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
+    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem menuItem) {
+        // Reenter full screen browsing mode if it was interrupted by the options menu.  <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/389>
+        if (inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
-            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
+            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
 
-            // Make it so.
-            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
         }
 
-        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity.
-        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Apply the app settings.
-            applyAppSettings();
-
-            // Reload the webpage if displaying of images has been disabled in the Settings activity.
-            if (reloadOnRestart) {
-                // Reload the WebViews.
-                for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-                    // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                    WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+        // Get the selected menu item ID.
+        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
 
-                    // Get the fragment view.
-                    View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                    // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
-                    if (fragmentView != null) {
-                        // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                        NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+        // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+        CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-                        // Reload the WebView.  This doesn't seem to work if for WebViews that aren't visible.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.reload();
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Reset `reloadOnRestartBoolean`.
-                reloadOnRestart = false;
-            }
+        // Run the commands that correlate to the selected menu item.
+        switch (menuItemId) {
+            case R.id.toggle_javascript:
+                // Toggle the JavaScript status.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(!currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled());
 
-            // Reset the return from settings flag.
-            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
-        }
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-        // TODO apply to all the tabs.
-        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the Domains activity.
-        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Reapply the domain settings.
-            applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, formattedUrlString, false, true);
+                // Display a `Snackbar`.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScrip is enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.javascript_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {  // JavaScript is disabled, but first-party cookies are enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.javascript_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {  // Privacy mode.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                }
 
-            // Reset `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart`.
-            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
-        }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-        // Load the URL on restart to apply changes to night mode.
-        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
-            // Load the current `formattedUrlString`.
-            loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+            case R.id.add_or_edit_domain:
+                if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Edit the current domain settings.
+                    // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
+                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-            // Reset `loadUrlOnRestart.
-            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
-        }
+                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
+                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
-        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
-            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+                    // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("load_domain", currentWebView.getDomainSettingsDatabaseId());
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                    // Get the current certificate.
+                    SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                    // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                    if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                        // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                        String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                        String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                        String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                        String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                        String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                        String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                        long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                        long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                        // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                    }
 
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+                    // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                    if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                        // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                    }
 
-            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
-            loadBookmarksFolder();
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                } else {  // Add a new domain.
+                    // Apply the new domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
+                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
-            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
-        }
+                    // Get the current domain
+                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(currentWebView.getUrl());
+                    String currentDomain = currentUri.getHost();
 
-        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
-    }
+                    // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
+                    DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
-    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
-    @Override
-    public void onResume() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onResume();
+                    // Create the domain and store the database ID.
+                    int newDomainDatabaseId = domainsDatabaseHelper.addDomain(currentDomain);
 
-        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
+                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
-            // Get the fragment view.
-            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+                    // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("load_domain", newDomainDatabaseId);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                    // Get the current certificate.
+                    SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                    // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                    if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                        // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                        String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                        String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                        String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                        String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                        String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                        String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                        long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                        long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                        // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                    }
 
-            // Only resume the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
-            if (fragmentView != null) {
-                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+                    // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                    if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                        // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                    }
 
-                // Resume the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
-                nestedScrollWebView.resumeTimers();
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                }
+                return true;
 
-                // Resume the nested scroll WebView.
-                nestedScrollWebView.onResume();
-            }
-        }
+            case R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies:
+                // Switch the first-party cookie status.
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(!cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
-        // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
-        if (waitingForOrbot && !orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
-            // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
-            currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
+                // Store the first-party cookie status.
+                currentWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
-            // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-            currentWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHtmlString, "text/html", null);
-        }
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
-        if (displayingFullScreenVideo || inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
-            // Get a handle for the root frame layouts.
-            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
-            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.first_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScript is still enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.first_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {  // Privacy mode.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                }
 
-            /* Hide the system bars.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-             */
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
-                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-        } else if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {  // Resume the adView for the free flavor.
-            // Resume the ad.
-            AdHelper.resumeAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-        }
-    }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-    @Override
-    public void onPause() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onPause();
+            case R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies:
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                    // Switch the status of thirdPartyCookiesEnabled.
+                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView, !cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
 
-        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+                    // Update the menu checkbox.
+                    menuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
 
-            // Get the fragment view.
-            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+                    // Display a snackbar.
+                    if (cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView)) {
+                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.third_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                    } else {
+                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.third_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                    }
 
-            // Only pause the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
-            if (fragmentView != null) {
-                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+                    // Reload the current WebView.
+                    currentWebView.reload();
+                } // Else do nothing because SDK < 21.
+                return true;
 
-                // Pause the nested scroll WebView.
-                nestedScrollWebView.onPause();
+            case R.id.toggle_dom_storage:
+                // Toggle the status of domStorageEnabled.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(!currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
 
-                // Pause the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
-                nestedScrollWebView.pauseTimers();
-            }
-        }
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
 
-        // Pause the ad or it will continue to consume resources in the background on the free flavor.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-            // Pause the ad.
-            AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-        }
-    }
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` refreshes the app bar icons.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onDestroy() {
-        // Unregister the Orbot status broadcast receiver.
-        this.unregisterReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver);
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled()) {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                }
 
-        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
-        bookmarksCursor.close();
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onDestroy();
-    }
+            // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+            case R.id.toggle_save_form_data:
+                // Switch the status of saveFormDataEnabled.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(!currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());
 
-    @Override
-    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
-        // Inflate the menu.  This adds items to the action bar if it is present.
-        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.webview_options_menu, menu);
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());
 
-        // Store a handle for the options menu so it can be used by `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons`.
-        optionsMenu = menu;
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData()) {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                }
 
-        // Set the initial status of the privacy icons.  `false` does not call `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(false);
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-        // Get handles for the menu items.
-        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
-        blocklistsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.blocklists);
-        easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
-        easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
-        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
-        ultraPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy);
-        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
-        MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-        // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
-        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21);
+            case R.id.clear_cookies:
+                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.cookies_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
+                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
+                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
+                        })
+                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
+                            @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
+                            @Override
+                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the cookies, which command varies by SDK.
+                                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21) {
+                                        cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
+                                    } else {
+                                        cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
+                                    }
+                                }
+                            }
+                        })
+                        .show();
+                return true;
 
-        // Only display the form data menu items if the API < 26.
-        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
-        clearFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
+            case R.id.clear_dom_storage:
+                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
+                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
+                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
+                        })
+                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
+                            @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
+                            @Override
+                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the DOM Storage.
+                                    WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
+                                    webStorage.deleteAllData();
+
+                                    // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                    Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
+
+                                    // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                    Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
+                                        try {
+                                            // Get a handle for the runtime.
+                                            Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+
+                                            // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`,
+                                            // which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+                                            String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
+                                            // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                                            Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
+
+                                            // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                                            Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+                                            Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
+                                            Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
+                                            Process deleteDatabasesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
+
+                                            // Wait for the processes to finish.
+                                            deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteDatabasesProcess.waitFor();
+                                        } catch (Exception exception) {
+                                            // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+                                        }
+                                    };
 
-        // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
-        adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
-
-        // Get the shared preference values.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
-
-        // Get the status of the additional AppBar icons.
-        displayAdditionalAppBarIcons = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false);
-
-        // Set the status of the additional app bar icons.  Setting the refresh menu item to `SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS` makes it appear even on small devices like phones.
-        if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
-            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
-            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
-            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS);
-        } else { //Do not display the additional icons.
-            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
-            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
-            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
-        }
-
-        // Replace Refresh with Stop if a URL is already loading.
-        if (currentWebView != null && currentWebView.getProgress() != 100) {
-            // Set the title.
-            refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.stop);
-
-            // If the icon is displayed in the AppBar, set it according to the theme.
-            if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
-                if (darkTheme) {
-                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_dark);
-                } else {
-                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_light);
-                }
-            }
-        }
-
-        return true;
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public boolean onPrepareOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
-        // Get a handle for the swipe refresh layout.
-        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
-
-        // Get handles for the menu items.
-        MenuItem addOrEditDomain = menu.findItem(R.id.add_or_edit_domain);
-        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem clearDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_data);
-        MenuItem clearCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_cookies);
-        MenuItem clearDOMStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem fontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size);
-        MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
-        MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
-        MenuItem nightModeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.night_mode);
-        MenuItem proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.proxy_through_orbot);
-
-        // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
-        CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
-
-        // Initialize the current user agent string and the font size.
-        String currentUserAgent = getString(R.string.user_agent_privacy_browser);
-        int fontSize = 100;
-
-        // Set items that require the current web view to be populated.  It will be null when the program is first opened, as `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` is called before the first WebView is initialized.
-        if (currentWebView != null) {
-            // Set the add or edit domain text.
-            if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {
-                addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.edit_domain_settings);
-            } else {
-                addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.add_domain_settings);
-            }
-
-            // Get the current user agent from the WebView.
-            currentUserAgent = currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
-
-            // Get the current font size from the
-            fontSize = currentWebView.getSettings().getTextZoom();
-
-            // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
-            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
-            easyListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST));
-            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY));
-            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
-            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
-            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
-            blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
-            displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
-
-            // Initialize the display names for the blocklists with the number of blocked requests.
-            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-            easyListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
-            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
-            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
-            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
-            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
-            blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS) + " - " + getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
-        }
-
-        // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
-        toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
-        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setChecked(saveFormDataEnabled);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(swipeRefreshLayout.isEnabled());
-        nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(nightMode);
-        proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem.setChecked(proxyThroughOrbot);
-
-        // Only modify third-party cookies if the API >= 21.
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-            // Set the status of the third-party cookies checkbox.
-            toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
-
-            // Enable third-party cookies if first-party cookies are enabled.
-            toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
-        }
-
-        // Enable DOM Storage if JavaScript is enabled.
-        toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled());
-
-        // Enable Clear Cookies if there are any.
-        clearCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.hasCookies());
-
-        // Get a count of the number of files in the Local Storage directory.
-        File localStorageDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/");
-        int localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
-        if (localStorageDirectory.exists()) {
-            localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = localStorageDirectory.list().length;
-        }
-
-        // Get a count of the number of files in the IndexedDB directory.
-        File indexedDBDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-        int indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
-        if (indexedDBDirectory.exists()) {
-            indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = indexedDBDirectory.list().length;
-        }
-
-        // Enable Clear DOM Storage if there is any.
-        clearDOMStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0 || indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0);
-
-        // Enable Clear Form Data is there is any.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
-            WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
-            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebViewDatabase.hasFormData());
-        } else {
-            // Disable clear form data because it is not supported on current version of Android.
-            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(false);
-        }
-
-        // Enable Clear Data if any of the submenu items are enabled.
-        clearDataMenuItem.setEnabled(clearCookiesMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearDOMStorageMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearFormDataMenuItem.isEnabled());
-
-        // Disable Fanboy's Social Blocking List menu item if Fanboy's Annoyance List is checked.
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.isChecked());
-
-        // Select the current user agent menu item.  A switch statement cannot be used because the user agents are not compile time constants.
-        if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0])) {  // Privacy Browser.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(webViewDefaultUserAgent)) {  // WebView Default.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_webview_default).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2])) {  // Firefox on Android.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3])) {  // Chrome on Android.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4])) {  // Safari on iOS.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5])) {  // Firefox on Linux.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6])) {  // Chromium on Linux.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7])) {  // Firefox on Windows.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8])) {  // Chrome on Windows.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9])) {  // Edge on Windows.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10])) {  // Internet Explorer on Windows.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11])) {  // Safari on macOS.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos).setChecked(true);
-        } else {  // Custom user agent.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_custom).setChecked(true);
-        }
-
-        // Instantiate the font size title and the selected font size menu item.
-        String fontSizeTitle;
-        MenuItem selectedFontSizeMenuItem;
-
-        // Prepare the font size title and current size menu item.
-        switch (fontSize) {
-            case 25:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.twenty_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent);
-                break;
-
-            case 50:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.fifty_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_fifty_percent);
-                break;
-
-            case 75:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.seventy_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent);
-                break;
-
-            case 100:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
-                break;
-
-            case 125:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
-                break;
-
-            case 150:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_fifty_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent);
-                break;
-
-            case 175:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
-                break;
-
-            case 200:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.two_hundred_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent);
-                break;
-
-            default:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
-                break;
-        }
-
-        // Set the font size title and select the current size menu item.
-        fontSizeMenuItem.setTitle(fontSizeTitle);
-        selectedFontSizeMenuItem.setChecked(true);
-
-        // Run all the other default commands.
-        super.onPrepareOptionsMenu(menu);
-
-        // Display the menu.
-        return true;
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.
-    @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
-    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem menuItem) {
-        // Reenter full screen browsing mode if it was interrupted by the options menu.  <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/389>
-        if (inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
-            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
-            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-
-            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
-
-            /* Hide the system bars.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-             */
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
-                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-        }
-
-        // Get the selected menu item ID.
-        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
-
-        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
-
-        // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
-        CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
-
-        // Run the commands that correlate to the selected menu item.
-        switch (menuItemId) {
-            case R.id.toggle_javascript:
-                // Toggle the JavaScript status.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(!currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled());
-
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
-
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScrip is enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.javascript_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // JavaScript is disabled, but first-party cookies are enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.javascript_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {  // Privacy mode.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
-
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
-                return true;
-
-            case R.id.add_or_edit_domain:
-                if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Edit the current domain settings.
-                    // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
-                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
-
-                    // TODO.  Move these to `putExtra`.  The certificate can be stored as strings.
-                    // Store the current SSL certificate and IP addresses in the domains activity.
-                    DomainsActivity.currentSslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
-                    DomainsActivity.currentIpAddresses = currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses();
-
-                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
-                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
-
-                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the current domain and close on back instead of returning to the domains list.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("load_domain", currentWebView.getDomainSettingsDatabaseId());
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
-
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
-                } else {  // Add a new domain.
-                    // Apply the new domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
-                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
-
-                    // Get the current domain
-                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
-                    String currentDomain = currentUri.getHost();
-
-                    // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
-                    DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
-
-                    // Create the domain and store the database ID.
-                    int newDomainDatabaseId = domainsDatabaseHelper.addDomain(currentDomain);
-
-                    // TODO.  Move these to `putExtra`.  The certificate can be stored as strings.
-                    // Store the current SSL certificate and IP addresses in the domains activity.
-                    DomainsActivity.currentSslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
-                    DomainsActivity.currentIpAddresses = currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses();
-
-                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
-                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
-
-                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the new domain and close on back instead of returning to the domains list.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("load_domain", newDomainDatabaseId);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
-
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
-                }
-                return true;
-
-            case R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies:
-                // Switch the status of firstPartyCookiesEnabled.
-                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = !firstPartyCookiesEnabled;
-
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
-
-                // Apply the new cookie status.
-                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
-
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
-
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.first_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScript is still enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.first_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {  // Privacy mode.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
-
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
-                return true;
-
-            case R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies:
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    // Switch the status of thirdPartyCookiesEnabled.
-                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView, !cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
-
-                    // Update the menu checkbox.
-                    menuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
-
-                    // Display a snackbar.
-                    if (cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView)) {
-                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.third_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                    } else {
-                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.third_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                    }
-
-                    // Reload the current WebView.
-                    currentWebView.reload();
-                } // Else do nothing because SDK < 21.
-                return true;
-
-            case R.id.toggle_dom_storage:
-                // Toggle the status of domStorageEnabled.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(!currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
-
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
-
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` refreshes the app bar icons.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
-
-                // Display a snackbar.
-                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled()) {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
-
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
-                return true;
-
-            // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-            case R.id.toggle_save_form_data:
-                // Switch the status of saveFormDataEnabled.
-                saveFormDataEnabled = !saveFormDataEnabled;
-
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(saveFormDataEnabled);
-
-                // Apply the new form data status.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormDataEnabled);
-
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (saveFormDataEnabled) {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
-
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
-
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
-                return true;
-
-            case R.id.clear_cookies:
-                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.cookies_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
-                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
-                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
-                        })
-                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
-                            @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
-                            @Override
-                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the undo button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // `cookieManager.removeAllCookie()` varies by SDK.
-                                        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21) {
-                                            cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
-                                        } else {
-                                            cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
-                                        }
-                                }
-                            }
-                        })
-                        .show();
-                return true;
-
-            case R.id.clear_dom_storage:
-                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
-                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
-                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
-                        })
-                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
-                            @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
-                            @Override
-                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the undo button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // Delete the DOM Storage.
-                                        WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
-                                        webStorage.deleteAllData();
-
-                                        // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
-                                        Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
-
-                                        // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
-                                        Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
-                                            try {
-                                                // Get a handle for the runtime.
-                                                Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
-
-                                                // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                                                Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
-
-                                                // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                                                Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                                                Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                                                Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                                                Process deleteDatabasesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-
-                                                // Wait for the processes to finish.
-                                                deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteDatabasesProcess.waitFor();
-                                            } catch (Exception exception) {
-                                                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                                            }
-                                        };
-
-                                        // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
-                                        deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
+                                    // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
+                                    deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
                                 }
                             }
                         })
@@ -1706,17 +1234,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
                             @Override
                             public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the undo button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The snackbar was dismissed without the `Undo` button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // Delete the form data.
-                                        WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(getApplicationContext());
-                                        mainWebViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the form data.
+                                    WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(getApplicationContext());
+                                    mainWebViewDatabase.clearFormData();
                                 }
                             }
                         })
@@ -1930,11 +1451,25 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.swipe_to_refresh:
+                // Toggle the stored status of swipe to refresh.
+                currentWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(!currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+
                 // Get a handle for the swipe refresh layout.
                 SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-                // Toggle swipe to refresh.
-                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(!swipeRefreshLayout.isEnabled());
+                // Update the swipe refresh layout.
+                if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
+                    // Only enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
+                } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
+                    // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
+                }
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.wide_viewport:
+                // Toggle the viewport.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(!currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.display_images:
@@ -1952,15 +1487,15 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             case R.id.night_mode:
                 // Toggle night mode.
-                nightMode = !nightMode;
+                currentWebView.setNightMode(!currentWebView.getNightMode());
 
                 // Enable or disable JavaScript according to night mode, the global preference, and any domain settings.
-                if (nightMode) {  // Night mode is enabled, which requires JavaScript.
+                if (currentWebView.getNightMode()) {  // Night mode is enabled, which requires JavaScript.
                     // Enable JavaScript.
                     currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
                 } else if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are applied.  Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
                     // Apply the JavaScript preference that was stored the last time domain settings were loaded.
-                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled);
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(currentWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
                 } else {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are not applied.  Set JavaScript according to the global preference.
                     // Apply the JavaScript preference.
                     currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false));
@@ -1977,6 +1512,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Get a handle for the views.
                 Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
                 LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+                EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+
+                // Set the minimum height of the find on page linear layout to match the toolbar.
+                findOnPageLinearLayout.setMinimumHeight(toolbar.getHeight());
 
                 // Hide the toolbar.
                 toolbar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
@@ -1990,17 +1529,47 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Set the focus on `findOnPageEditText`.
                     findOnPageEditText.requestFocus();
 
+                    // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+                    InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+
+                    // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+                    assert inputMethodManager != null;
+
                     // Display the keyboard.  `0` sets no input flags.
                     inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(findOnPageEditText, 0);
                 }, 200);
                 return true;
 
+            case R.id.print:
+                // Get a print manager instance.
+                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
+
+                // Remove the lint error below that print manager might be null.
+                assert printManager != null;
+
+                // Create a print document adapter from the current WebView.
+                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
+
+                // Print the document.
+                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
+                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getUrl(),
+                        currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+
+                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
+                return true;
+
             case R.id.view_source:
                 // Create an intent to launch the view source activity.
                 Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
 
-                // Add the user agent as an extra to the intent.
+                // Add the variables to the intent.
                 viewSourceIntent.putExtra("user_agent", currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString());
+                viewSourceIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
 
                 // Make it so.
                 startActivity(viewSourceIntent);
@@ -2008,7 +1577,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             case R.id.share_url:
                 // Setup the share string.
-                String shareString = currentWebView.getTitle() + " – " + formattedUrlString;
+                String shareString = currentWebView.getTitle() + " – " + currentWebView.getUrl();
 
                 // Create the share intent.
                 Intent shareIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
@@ -2019,34 +1588,12 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, getString(R.string.share_url)));
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.print:
-                // Get a `PrintManager` instance.
-                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
-
-                // Create a print document adapter form the current WebView.
-                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
-
-                // Remove the lint error below that `printManager` might be `null`.
-                assert printManager != null;
-
-                // Print the document.  The print attributes are `null`.
-                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
-                return true;
-
             case R.id.open_with_app:
-                openWithApp(formattedUrlString);
+                openWithApp(currentWebView.getUrl());
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.open_with_browser:
-                openWithBrowser(formattedUrlString);
-                return true;
-
-            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
-                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
-                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), formattedUrlString, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-
-                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
-                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
+                openWithBrowser(currentWebView.getUrl());
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
@@ -2080,218 +1627,39 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     }
 
     // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
     @Override
     public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
         // Get the menu item ID.
         int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
 
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
         // Run the commands that correspond to the selected menu item.
         switch (menuItemId) {
-            case R.id.close_tab:
-                // Get a handle for the tab layout and the view pager.
-                TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
-                ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
-
-                // Get the current tab number.
-                int currentTabNumber = tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition();
-
-                // Delete the current tab.
-                tabLayout.removeTabAt(currentTabNumber);
-
-                // Delete the current page.  If the selected page number did not change during the delete, it will return true, meaning that the current WebView must be reset.
-                if (webViewPagerAdapter.deletePage(currentTabNumber, webViewPager)) {
-                    setCurrentWebView(currentTabNumber);
-                }
-                break;
-
             case R.id.clear_and_exit:
-                // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
-                bookmarksCursor.close();
-                bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
-
-                // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
-                SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
-
-                // Get the status of the clear everything preference.
-                boolean clearEverything = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_everything", true);
-
-                // Get a handle for the runtime.
-                Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
-
-                // Clear cookies.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cookies", true)) {
-                    // The command to remove cookies changed slightly in API 21.
-                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                        CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookies(null);
-                    } else {
-                        CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookie();
-                    }
-
-                    // Manually delete the cookies database, as `CookieManager` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // Two commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        Process deleteCookiesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies");
-                        Process deleteCookiesJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies-journal");
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteCookiesProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteCookiesJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Clear DOM storage.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_dom_storage", true)) {
-                    // Ask `WebStorage` to clear the DOM storage.
-                    WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
-                    webStorage.deleteAllData();
-
-                    // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories, as `WebStorage` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
-
-                        // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                        Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                        Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                        Process deleteDatabaseProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteDatabaseProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Clear form data if the API < 26.
-                if ((Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) && (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_form_data", true))) {
-                    WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
-                    webViewDatabase.clearFormData();
-
-                    // Manually delete the form data database, as `WebViewDatabase` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // A string array must be used because the database contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not otherwise escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteWebDataProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data"});
-                        Process deleteWebDataJournalProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data-journal"});
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteWebDataProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteWebDataJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Clear the cache.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cache", true)) {
-                    // Clear the cache from each WebView.
-                    for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-                        // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                        WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-                        // Get the fragment view.
-                        View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-                        // Only clear the cache if the WebView exists.
-                        if (fragmentView != null) {
-                            // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                            NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                            // Clear the cache for this WebView.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.clearCache(true);
-                        }
-                    }
-
-                    // Manually delete the cache directories.
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the main cache directory.
-                        Process deleteCacheProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
-
-                        // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
-                        // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteServiceWorkerProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteCacheProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteServiceWorkerProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Wipe out each WebView.
-                for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-                    // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                    WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-                    // Get the fragment view.
-                    View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-                    // Only wipe out the WebView if it exists.
-                    if (fragmentView != null) {
-                        // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                        NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                        // Clear SSL certificate preferences for this WebView.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.clearSslPreferences();
-
-                        // Clear the back/forward history for this WebView.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.clearHistory();
-
-                        // Destroy the internal state of `mainWebView`.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.destroy();
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Clear the formatted URL string.
-                formattedUrlString = null;
-
-                // Clear the custom headers.
-                customHeaders.clear();
-
-                // Manually delete the `app_webview` folder, which contains the cookies, DOM storage, form data, and `Service Worker` cache.
-                // See `https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=233826&thanks=233826&ts=1486670530`.
-                if (clearEverything) {
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the folder.
-                        Process deleteAppWebviewProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview");
-
-                        // Wait until the process has finished.
-                        deleteAppWebviewProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Close Privacy Browser.  `finishAndRemoveTask` also removes Privacy Browser from the recent app list.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    finishAndRemoveTask();
-                } else {
-                    finish();
-                }
-
-                // Remove the terminated program from RAM.  The status code is `0`.
-                System.exit(0);
+                // Clear and exit Privacy Browser.
+                clearAndExit();
                 break;
 
             case R.id.home:
-                loadUrl(homepage);
+                // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                    // Load the Tor homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                } else {
+                    // Load the normal homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                }
                 break;
 
             case R.id.back:
                 if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {
-                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-                    formattedUrlString = "";
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                    // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    navigatingHistory = true;
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
                     // Load the previous website in the history.
                     currentWebView.goBack();
@@ -2300,11 +1668,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             case R.id.forward:
                 if (currentWebView.canGoForward()) {
-                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-                    formattedUrlString = "";
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                    // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    navigatingHistory = true;
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
                     // Load the next website in the history.
                     currentWebView.goForward();
@@ -2312,11 +1680,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 break;
 
             case R.id.history:
-                // Get the `WebBackForwardList`.
-                WebBackForwardList webBackForwardList = currentWebView.copyBackForwardList();
+                // Instantiate the URL history dialog.
+                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-                // Show the URL history dialog and name this instance `R.string.history`.
-                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(this, webBackForwardList);
+                // Show the URL history dialog.
                 urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
                 break;
 
@@ -2347,15 +1714,46 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             case R.id.domains:
                 // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
                 reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();  // TODO.  Do this for all tabs.
-
-                // TODO.  Move these to `putExtra`.  The certificate can be stored as strings.
-                // Store the current SSL certificate and IP addresses in the domains activity.
-                DomainsActivity.currentSslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
-                DomainsActivity.currentIpAddresses = currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses();
 
                 // Launch the domains activity.
                 Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
+
+                // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                // Get the current certificate.
+                SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                    // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                    String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                    String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                    String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                    String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                    String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                    String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                    long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                    long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                    // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                }
+
+                // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                    // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                }
+
+                // Make it so.
                 startActivity(domainsIntent);
                 break;
 
@@ -2365,7 +1763,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
                 reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();  // TODO.  Do this for all tabs.
 
                 // Launch the settings activity.
                 Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
@@ -2391,8 +1788,17 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 break;
 
             case R.id.about:
-                // Launch `AboutActivity`.
+                // Create an intent to launch the about activity.
                 Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
+
+                // Create a string array for the blocklist versions.
+                String[] blocklistVersions = new String[] {easyList.get(0).get(0)[0], easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0],
+                        ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0]};
+
+                // Add the blocklist versions to the intent.
+                aboutIntent.putExtra("blocklist_versions", blocklistVersions);
+
+                // Make it so.
                 startActivity(aboutIntent);
                 break;
         }
@@ -2444,20 +1850,22 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
     @Override
     public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View view, ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
-        // Store the `HitTestResult`.
+        // Store the hit test result.
         final WebView.HitTestResult hitTestResult = currentWebView.getHitTestResult();
 
-        // Create strings.
+        // Create the URL strings.
         final String imageUrl;
         final String linkUrl;
 
-        // Get a handle for the the clipboard and fragment managers.
+        // Get handles for the system managers.
         final ClipboardManager clipboardManager = (ClipboardManager) getSystemService(CLIPBOARD_SERVICE);
         FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Remove the lint errors below that `clipboardManager` might be `null`.
+        // Remove the lint errors below that the clipboard manager might be null.
         assert clipboardManager != null;
 
+        // Process the link according to the type.
         switch (hitTestResult.getType()) {
             // `SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE` is a link.
             case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE:
@@ -2467,9 +1875,22 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
                 menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
-                // Add a Load URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.load_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    loadUrl(linkUrl);
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the link URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
                     return false;
                 });
 
@@ -2483,936 +1904,1314 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a Download URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                // Add a Download URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
+                            downloadUrl = linkUrl;
+                            downloadContentDisposition = "none";
+                            downloadContentLength = -1;
+
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
+
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
+                            DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
+
+                            // Show the download file alert dialog.
+                            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
+
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.EMAIL_TYPE:
+                // Get the target URL.
+                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+
+                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+
+                // Add a Write Email entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
+                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
+
+                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
+                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse("mailto:" + linkUrl));
+
+                    // `FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK` opens the email program in a new task instead as part of Privacy Browser.
+                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(emailIntent);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a Copy Email Address entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
+
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcEmailTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
+
+            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image. `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.  Privacy Browser processes them the same.
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
+                // Get the image URL.
+                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+
+                // Set the image URL as the title of the context menu.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
+
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the image URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a View Image entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
                     // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
-                        openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
                     } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
                         // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
                         if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
-                            // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
-                            downloadUrl = linkUrl;
-                            downloadContentDisposition = "none";
-                            downloadContentLength = -1;
+                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
 
                             // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
                             if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
-                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
 
-                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
                                 downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
                             } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
                             }
                         } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                            // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
-                            DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
+                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
+                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
 
-                            // Show the download file alert dialog.
-                            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
+                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
                         }
                     }
                     return false;
                 });
 
+                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcImageAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
+
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageAnchorTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
                 // Add an Open with App entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
+                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
                     return false;
                 });
 
                 // Add an Open with Browser entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
+                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
                 menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
+        }
+    }
 
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.EMAIL_TYPE:
-                // Get the target URL.
-                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
 
-                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
 
-                // Add a Write Email entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
-                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
+        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
+        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
-                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse("mailto:" + linkUrl));
+        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                    // `FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK` opens the email program in a new task instead as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(emailIntent);
-                    return false;
-                });
+        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                // Add a Copy Email Address entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
+        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
+        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
+
+        // Create the bookmark.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
+
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+
+        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+
+        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
+
+        // Get new folder name string.
+        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
+        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+
+        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
+        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
+            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+
+            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
+            // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+        }
+
+        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
+        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
+            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
+        }
+
+        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
+
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+
+        // Scroll to the new folder.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
+
+        // Store the bookmark strings.
+        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Update the bookmark.
+        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
+        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
+        }
+
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
+
+        // Get the new folder name.
+        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
+        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
+            // Update the name in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
+        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
+            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+
+            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
+
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+            // Update the folder icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
+            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcEmailTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
-                // Get the image URL.
-                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                // Set the image URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
+            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        }
 
-                // Add a View Image entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-                // Add a Download Image entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
-                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
-                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
-                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
-                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
 
-                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
-                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
+    @Override
+    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
+        switch (downloadType) {
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
 
-                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
-                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
-                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
-                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                            }
-                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
-                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
+        }
+    }
 
-                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
-                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                        }
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
+    @Override
+    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
+        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
 
-                // Add a Copy URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcImageTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
+        switch (requestCode) {
+            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
 
-                // Add an Open with App entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+                // Reset the download variables.
+                downloadUrl = "";
+                downloadContentDisposition = "";
+                downloadContentLength = 0;
+                break;
 
-                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
 
+                // Reset the image URL variable.
+                downloadImageUrl = "";
+                break;
+        }
+    }
 
-            // `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
-                // Get the image URL.
-                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+    @Override
+    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
+        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
-                // Set the image URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
+            // Parse `imageUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
 
-                // Add a `View Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
-                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
-                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
-                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
-                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(imageUrl);
 
-                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
-                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
 
-                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
-                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
-                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
-                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                            }
-                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
-                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
+            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
-                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                        }
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            }
 
-                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcImageAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageAnchorTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
 
-                // Add an Open with App entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
-                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
         }
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
-        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
-        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
+    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
+        // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
-        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
-        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
-        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+            // Parse `downloadUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
 
-        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(downloadUrl);
 
-        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
+
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
+            String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
+
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            }
 
-        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
-        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
 
-        // Create the bookmark.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(downloadUrl);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
-        // Update the list view.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
 
-        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
-        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+        }
     }
 
+    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and and the WebView.
     @Override
-    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
-        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
-        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
-        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
+    public void onBackPressed() {
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout and the tab layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
 
-        // Get new folder name string.
-        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
+            // Close the navigation drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
+            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
+                // close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
+                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
-        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            }
+        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
+            // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+            currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
-        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
-            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+            // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+            currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
-            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+            // Go back.
+            currentWebView.goBack();
+        } else if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There are at least two tabs.
+            // Close the current tab.
+            closeCurrentTab();
+        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
+            // Run the default commands.
+            super.onBackPressed();
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
-            // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            // Manually kill Privacy Browser.  Otherwise, it is glitchy when restarted.
+            System.exit(0);
         }
+    }
 
-        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
-
-        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
-
-        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
-
-        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
-        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
-            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
+    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
+    @Override
+    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
+        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            // Pass the file to the WebView.
+            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
         }
+    }
 
-        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
+    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
+        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
+        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
 
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+        // Initialize the formatted URL string.
+        String url = "";
 
-        // Scroll to the new folder.
-        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
-    }
+        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
+        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {  // This is a Content URL.
+            // Load the entire content URL.
+            url = unformattedUrlString;
+        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://") ||
+                unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a standard URL.
+            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
+            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
+            }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
-        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
-        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
+            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
+            URL unformattedUrl = null;
 
-        // Store the bookmark strings.
-        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
-        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
+            try {
+                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
+            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
+                e.printStackTrace();
+            }
 
-        // Update the bookmark.
-        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
-        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
-            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
+            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
+            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
+            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
+            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
+            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Build the URI.
+            Uri.Builder uri = new Uri.Builder();
+            uri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Decode the URI as a UTF-8 string in.
+            try {
+                url = URLDecoder.decode(uri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                // Do nothing.  The formatted URL string will remain blank.
+            }
+        } else if (!unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // This is not a URL, but rather a search string.
+            // Create an encoded URL String.
+            String encodedUrlString;
 
-            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
+            // Sanitize the search input.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
+            }
+
+            // Add the base search URL.
+            url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
         }
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
+        urlEditText.clearFocus();
 
-        // Update the list view.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+        // Make it so.
+        loadUrl(url);
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
-        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
-        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
-        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
+    private void loadUrl(String url) {
+        // Sanitize the URL.
+        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
 
-        // Get the new folder name.
-        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Apply the domain settings.
+        applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, url, true, false);
 
-        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
-        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
-            // Update the name in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
-        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
-            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
-            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+        // Load the URL.
+        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
+    }
 
-            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
-            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
-                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(false);
+    }
 
-                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(true);
+    }
 
-                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
-            }
+    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
+        // Get a handle for the views.
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
-            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
+        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+        // Clear the highlighted phrases if the WebView is not null.
+        if (currentWebView != null) {
+            currentWebView.clearMatches();
+        }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-            // Update the folder icon in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
-        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
-            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
-            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
-            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
-                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+        // Show the toolbar.
+        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
-            }
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+        // Hide the keyboard.
+        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(toolbar.getWindowToken(), 0);
+    }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+    private void applyAppSettings() {
+        // Initialize the app if this is the first run.  This is done here instead of in `onCreate()` to shorten the time that an unthemed background is displayed on app startup.
+        if (webViewDefaultUserAgent == null) {
+            initializeApp();
+        }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
-        }
+        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
+        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
+        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
+        sanitizeGoogleAnalytics = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("google_analytics", true);
+        sanitizeFacebookClickIds = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("facebook_click_ids", true);
+        sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("twitter_amp_redirects", true);
+        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
+        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
+        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
+        scrollAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
+        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
-    }
+        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
+        assert actionBar != null;
 
-    @Override
-    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
-        switch (downloadType) {
-            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
-                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
-                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                break;
+        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
 
-            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
-                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
-                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                break;
+        // Set Do Not Track status.
+        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
+            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
+        } else {
+            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
         }
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
-        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
-        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
 
-        switch (requestCode) {
-            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
-                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
-                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
+        // Get the current layout parameters.  Using coordinator layout parameters allows the `setBehavior()` command and using app bar layout parameters allows the `setScrollFlags()` command.
+        CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams swipeRefreshLayoutParams = (CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams) swipeRefreshLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams toolbarLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) toolbar.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams findOnPageLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) findOnPageLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams tabsLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) tabsLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+
+        // Add the scrolling behavior to the layout parameters.
+        if (scrollAppBar) {
+            // Enable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(new AppBarLayout.ScrollingViewBehavior());
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+        } else {
+            // Disable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(null);
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+
+            // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
+            appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
+        }
 
-                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
-                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
-                } else {
-                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                }
+        // Apply the modified layout parameters.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setLayoutParams(swipeRefreshLayoutParams);
+        toolbar.setLayoutParams(toolbarLayoutParams);
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(findOnPageLayoutParams);
+        tabsLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(tabsLayoutParams);
 
-                // Reset the download variables.
-                downloadUrl = "";
-                downloadContentDisposition = "";
-                downloadContentLength = 0;
-                break;
+        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
-                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
-                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
-                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
-                } else {
-                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                }
+            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-                // Reset the image URL variable.
-                downloadImageUrl = "";
-                break;
+                // Set the app bar scrolling.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(scrollAppBar);
+            }
         }
-    }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
-        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
-            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
-            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
+        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
+        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
+            if (hideAppBar) {
+                // Hide the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-            // Parse `imageUrl`.
-            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
+                // Hide the action bar.
+                actionBar.hide();
+            } else {
+                // Show the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
-            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
-            if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {
-                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
-                String cookies = CookieManager.getInstance().getCookie(imageUrl);
+                // Show the action bar.
+                actionBar.show();
+            }
 
-                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
-                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
             }
 
-            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
-            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
-            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-            // Specify the download location.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
-                // Download to the public download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
-            } else {  // External write permission denied.
-                // Download to the app's external download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
-            }
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
+            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
 
-            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
-            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+            // Show the tab linear layout.
+            tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
-            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
+            // Show the action bar.
+            actionBar.show();
 
-            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
-            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
+                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+            }
 
-            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
-            assert downloadManager != null;
+            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
 
-            // Initiate the download.
-            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
-        } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+            // Add the translucent status flag.
+            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
         }
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
-        // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-        if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
-            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
-            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
+    private void initializeApp() {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-            // Parse `downloadUrl`.
-            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
+        // Get the theme preference.
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
-            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
-            if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {
-                // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
-                String cookies = CookieManager.getInstance().getCookie(downloadUrl);
+        // Get a handle for the input method.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
-                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+
+        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
+        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
+        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+
+        // Get handles for the URL views.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+
+        // Remove the formatting from the URL edit text when the user is editing the text.
+        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
+            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
+                // Remove the highlighting.
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
+            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
+                // Move to the beginning of the string.
+                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
+
+                // Reapply the highlighting.
+                highlightUrlText();
             }
+        });
 
-            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
-            EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
-            String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
+        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
+            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
+                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
+                loadUrlFromTextBox();
 
-            // Specify the download location.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
-                // Download to the public download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
-            } else {  // External write permission denied.
-                // Download to the app's external download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {
+                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
+                return false;
             }
+        });
 
-            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
-            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+        // Initialize the Orbot status and the waiting for Orbot trackers.
+        orbotStatus = "unknown";
+        waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
-            downloadRequest.setDescription(downloadUrl);
+        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
+        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
+            @Override
+            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
+                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
+                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
 
-            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
-            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
+                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
+                    // Reset the waiting for Orbot status.
+                    waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
-            assert downloadManager != null;
+                    // Get the intent that started the app.
+                    Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
 
-            // Initiate the download.
-            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
-        } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
-        }
-    }
+                    // Get the information from the intent.
+                    String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
+                    Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
 
-    @Override
-    public void onHttpAuthenticationCancel() {
-        // Cancel the `HttpAuthHandler`.
-        httpAuthHandler.cancel();
-    }
+                    // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+                    if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
+                        // Create an encoded URL string.
+                        String encodedUrlString;
+
+                        // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                        try {
+                            encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                            encodedUrlString = "";
+                        }
+
+                        // Load the completed search URL.
+                        loadUrl(searchURL + encodedUrlString);
+                    } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
+                        // Load the URL from the intent.
+                        loadUrl(launchingIntentUriData.toString());
+                    } else {  // The is no URL in the intent.
+                        // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                            // Load the Tor homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                        } else {
+                            // Load the normal homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
+            }
+        };
+
+        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
+        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
+
+        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onHttpAuthenticationProceed(DialogFragment dialogFragment) {
-        // Get handles for the `EditTexts`.
-        EditText usernameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.http_authentication_username);
-        EditText passwordEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.http_authentication_password);
+        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
+        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
 
-        // Proceed with the HTTP authentication.
-        httpAuthHandler.proceed(usernameEditText.getText().toString(), passwordEditText.getText().toString());
-    }
+        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
+        Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
+        MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(2);
+        MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
+        MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
+        MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSslErrorCancel() {  // TODO.  How to handle this with multiple tabs?  There could be multiple errors at once.
-        sslErrorHandler.cancel();
-    }
+        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
+        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSslErrorProceed() {  // TODO.  How to handle this with multiple tabs?  There could be multiple errors at once.
-        sslErrorHandler.proceed();
-    }
+            @Override
+            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
+                // Close the find on page bar if it is open.
+                closeFindOnPage(null);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onPinnedMismatchBack() {  // TODO.  Move this logic to the dialog.
-        if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is a back page in the history.
-            // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-            formattedUrlString = "";  // TODO.
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(position);
 
-            // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-            navigatingHistory = true;  // TODO.
+                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager or by creating a new tab.
+                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
+                    // Create a handler to select the tab.
+                    Handler selectTabHandler = new Handler();
 
-            // Go back.
-            currentWebView.goBack();
-        } else {  // There are no pages to go back to.
-            // Load a blank page
-            loadUrl("");
-        }
-    }
+                    // Create a runnable to select the tab.
+                    Runnable selectTabRunnable = () -> {
+                        // Get a handle for the tab.
+                        TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onPinnedMismatchProceed() {  // TODO.  Move this logic to the dialog.
-        // Do not check the pinned information for this domain again until the domain changes.
-        currentWebView.setIgnorePinnedDomainInformation(true);
-    }
+                        // Assert that the tab is not null.
+                        assert tab != null;
 
-    @Override
-    public void onUrlHistoryEntrySelected(int moveBackOrForwardSteps) {
-        // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-        formattedUrlString = "";
+                        // Select the tab.
+                        tab.select();
+                    };
 
-        // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-        navigatingHistory = true;
+                    // Select the tab layout after 150 milliseconds, which leaves enough time for a new tab to be inflated.
+                    selectTabHandler.postDelayed(selectTabRunnable, 150);
+                }
+            }
 
-        // Load the history entry.
-        currentWebView.goBackOrForward(moveBackOrForwardSteps);
-    }
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+        });
 
-    @Override
-    public void onClearHistory() {
-        // Clear the history.
-        currentWebView.clearHistory();
-    }
+        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
+        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Select the same page in the view pager.
+                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
+            }
 
-    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and `mainWebView`.
-    @Override
-    public void onBackPressed() {
-        // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+            @Override
+            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
-            // Close the navigation drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
-            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
-                // close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
-                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            @Override
+            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = ViewSslCertificateDialog.displayDialog(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
+                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
             }
+        });
 
-        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
-            // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-            formattedUrlString = "";
+        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
+        // The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21 and and `getResources().getColor()` must be used until the minimum API >= 23.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
+        } else {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
+        }
 
-            // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-            navigatingHistory = true;
+        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
+        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
+            Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon();
 
-            // Go back.
-            currentWebView.goBack();
-        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
-            // Pass `onBackPressed()` to the system.
-            super.onBackPressed();
-        }
-    }
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
-    @Override
-    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
-        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-            // Pass the file to the WebView.
-            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
-        }
-    }
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
-        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
-        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
-        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
+            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
+            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
 
-        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
-        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
-            // Load the entire content URL.
-            formattedUrlString = unformattedUrlString;
-        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://")
-                || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {
-            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
-            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
-                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
-            }
+            // Add the extra information to the intent.
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_title", currentWebView.getTitle());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("favorite_icon_byte_array", favoriteIconByteArray);
 
-            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
-            URL unformattedUrl = null;
+            // Make it so.
+            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
+        });
 
-            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
-            try {
-                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
-            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
-                e.printStackTrace();
-            }
+        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Create a create bookmark folder dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.createBookmarkFolder(currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
-            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
-            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
-            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
-            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
-            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
+            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog.
+            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_folder));
+        });
 
-            // Build the URI.
-            Uri.Builder formattedUri = new Uri.Builder();
-            formattedUri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
+        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
+            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-            // Decode `formattedUri` as a `String` in `UTF-8`.
-            try {
-                formattedUrlString = URLDecoder.decode(formattedUri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                // Load a blank string.
-                formattedUrlString = "";
+            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
+            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
+        });
+
+        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
+        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
+            @Override
+            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
+                // Do nothing.
             }
-        } else if (unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // Load a blank web site.
-            // Load a blank string.
-            formattedUrlString = "";
-        } else {  // Search for the contents of the URL box.
-            // Create an encoded URL String.
-            String encodedUrlString;
 
-            // Sanitize the search input.
-            try {
-                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                encodedUrlString = "";
+            @Override
+            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
+                // Do nothing.
             }
 
-            // Add the base search URL.
-            formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-        }
+            @Override
+            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
+                // Search for the text in the WebView if it is not null.  Sometimes on resume after a period of non-use the WebView will be null.
+                if (currentWebView != null) {
+                    currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
+                }
+            }
+        });
 
-        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
-        urlEditText.clearFocus();
+        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
+        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
+                // Hide the soft keyboard.
+                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
 
-        // Make it so.
-        loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
-    }
+                // Consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
+                // Do not consume the event.
+                return false;
+            }
+        });
 
-    private void loadUrl(String url) {// Apply any custom domain settings.
-        // Set the URL as the formatted URL string so that checking third-party requests works correctly.
-        formattedUrlString = url;
+        // Implement swipe to refresh.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
 
-        // Apply the domain settings.
-        applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, url, true, false);
+        // Store the default progress view offsets for use later in `initializeWebView()`.
+        defaultProgressViewStartOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset();
+        defaultProgressViewEndOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset();
 
-        // Load the URL.
-        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
-    }
+        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
+        } else {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
+        }
 
-    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
-        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
-        currentWebView.findNext(false);
-    }
+        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
 
-    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
-        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
-        currentWebView.findNext(true);
-    }
+        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
-    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
-        // Get a handle for the views.
-        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
-        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
+        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
 
-        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
-        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
+        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
+        loadBookmarksFolder();
 
-        // Clear the highlighted phrases.
-        currentWebView.clearMatches();
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
+            int databaseID = (int) id;
 
-        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
-        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
+            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
+            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
 
-        // Show the toolbar.
-        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
+            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
+                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
 
-        // Hide the keyboard.
-        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
-    }
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
+                // Load the bookmark URL.
+                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
 
-    private void applyAppSettings() {
-        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
 
-        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
-        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
-        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
-        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
-        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
-        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
-        downloadWithExternalApp = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false);
+            // Close the `Cursor`.
+            bookmarkCursor.close();
+        });
 
-        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.  `getSupportActionBar()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
-        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
-        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
+            int databaseId = (int) id;
 
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warnings below that the action bar might be null.
-        assert actionBar != null;
+            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
+            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
 
-        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
-        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
+            if (isFolder) {
+                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
+                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
 
-        // Set Do Not Track status.
-        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
-            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
-        } else {
-            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
-        }
+                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_folder));
+            } else {
+                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
+            }
 
-        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
-        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+            // Consume the event.
+            return true;
+        });
 
-            // Get the fragment view.
-            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
 
-            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
-            if (fragmentView != null) {
-                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
 
-                // Set the app bar scrolling.
-                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true));
+        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+
+        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
+        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
             }
-        }
 
-        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
-        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
-            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
-            if (hideAppBar) {
-                actionBar.hide();
-            } else {
-                actionBar.show();
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
             }
 
-            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
-            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
             }
 
-            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
-            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
+                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
+                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
+                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
+                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
 
-            /* Hide the system bars.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-             */
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
-                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
-            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
-            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
 
-            // Show the app bar.
-            actionBar.show();
+                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
 
-            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
-            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
-                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+                    // Update the navigation menu items if the WebView is not null.
+                    if (currentWebView != null) {
+                        navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoBack());
+                        navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoForward());
+                        navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((currentWebView.canGoBack() || currentWebView.canGoForward()));
+                        navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+
+                        // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
+                        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+                    }
+
+                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
+                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
+                    currentWebView.clearFocus();
+                }
             }
+        });
 
-            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
+        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
 
-            // Add the translucent status flag.
-            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-        }
-    }
+        // Inflate a bare WebView to get the default user agent.  It is not used to render content on the screen.
+        @SuppressLint("InflateParams") View webViewLayout = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bare_webview, null, false);
+
+        // Get a handle for the WebView.
+        WebView bareWebView = webViewLayout.findViewById(R.id.bare_webview);
+
+        // Store the default user agent.
+        webViewDefaultUserAgent = bareWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
+        // Destroy the bare WebView.
+        bareWebView.destroy();
+    }
 
     // `reloadWebsite` is used if returning from the Domains activity.  Otherwise JavaScript might not function correctly if it is newly enabled.
     @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
-    private boolean applyDomainSettings(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, String url, boolean resetFavoriteIcon, boolean reloadWebsite) {
-        // Get a handle for the URL relative layout.
-        RelativeLayout urlRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.url_relativelayout);
-
+    private boolean applyDomainSettings(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, String url, boolean resetTab, boolean reloadWebsite) {
         // Store a copy of the current user agent to track changes for the return boolean.
         String initialUserAgent = nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
@@ -3427,8 +3226,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             newHostName = "";
         }
 
-        // Only apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
-        if (!nestedScrollWebView.getCurrentDomainName().equals(newHostName)) {
+        // Apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded or if the new domain is blank.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
+        if (!nestedScrollWebView.getCurrentDomainName().equals(newHostName) || newHostName.equals("")) {
             // Set the new host name as the current domain name.
             nestedScrollWebView.setCurrentDomainName(newHostName);
 
@@ -3440,35 +3239,39 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             nestedScrollWebView.clearPinnedIpAddresses();
 
             // Reset the favorite icon if specified.
-            if (resetFavoriteIcon) {
+            if (resetTab) {
                 // Initialize the favorite icon.
-                currentWebView.initializeFavoriteIcon();
+                nestedScrollWebView.initializeFavoriteIcon();
+
+                // Get the current page position.
+                int currentPagePosition = webViewPagerAdapter.getPositionForId(nestedScrollWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
                 // Get a handle for the tab layout.
                 TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
 
-                // Get the current tab.
-                TabLayout.Tab currentTab = tabLayout.getTabAt(tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition());  // TODO.  We need to get the tab for this WebView, which might not be the current tab.
+                // Get the corresponding tab.
+                TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(currentPagePosition);
 
-                // Remove the warning below that the current tab might be null.
-                assert currentTab != null;
+                // Update the tab if it isn't null, which sometimes happens when restarting from the background.
+                if (tab != null) {
+                    // Get the tab custom view.
+                    View tabCustomView = tab.getCustomView();
 
-                // Get the current tab custom view.
-                View currentTabCustomView = currentTab.getCustomView();
+                    // Remove the warning below that the tab custom view might be null.
+                    assert tabCustomView != null;
 
-                // Remove the warning below that the current tab custom view might be null.
-                assert currentTabCustomView != null;
+                    // Get the tab views.
+                    ImageView tabFavoriteIconImageView = tabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon_imageview);
+                    TextView tabTitleTextView = tabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
 
-                // Get the current tab favorite icon image view.
-                ImageView currentTabFavoriteIconImageView = currentTabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon_imageview);
+                    // Set the default favorite icon as the favorite icon for this tab.
+                    tabFavoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(nestedScrollWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon(), 64, 64, true));
 
-                // Set the default favorite icon as the favorite icon for this tab.
-                currentTabFavoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(nestedScrollWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon(), 64, 64, true));
+                    // Set the loading title text.
+                    tabTitleTextView.setText(R.string.loading);
+                }
             }
 
-            // Get a handle for the swipe refresh layout.
-            SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
-
             // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
             DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
@@ -3530,12 +3333,21 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             String defaultFontSizeString = sharedPreferences.getString("font_size", getString(R.string.font_size_default_value));
             String defaultUserAgentName = sharedPreferences.getString("user_agent", getString(R.string.user_agent_default_value));
             boolean defaultSwipeToRefresh = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("swipe_to_refresh", true);
-            nightMode = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false);  // TODO.
+            boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+            boolean wideViewport = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("wide_viewport", true);
             boolean displayWebpageImages = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
 
             // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
             CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
+            // Get handles for the views.
+            RelativeLayout urlRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.url_relativelayout);
+            SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+
+            // Initialize the user agent array adapter and string array.
+            ArrayAdapter<CharSequence> userAgentNamesArray = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this, R.array.user_agent_names, R.layout.spinner_item);
+            String[] userAgentDataArray = getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data);
+
             if (nestedScrollWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // The url has custom domain settings.
                 // Get a cursor for the current host and move it to the first position.
                 Cursor currentDomainSettingsCursor = domainsDatabaseHelper.getCursorForDomainName(domainNameInDatabase);
@@ -3543,12 +3355,12 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Get the settings from the cursor.
                 nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsDatabaseId(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper._ID)));
-                boolean domainJavaScriptEnabled = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_JAVASCRIPT)) == 1);
-                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FIRST_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);  // TODO.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_JAVASCRIPT)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FIRST_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
                 boolean domainThirdPartyCookiesEnabled = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_THIRD_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
-                boolean domainDomStorageEnabled = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_DOM_STORAGE)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_DOM_STORAGE)) == 1);
                 // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-                saveFormDataEnabled = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FORM_DATA)) == 1);  // TODO.
+                boolean saveFormData = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FORM_DATA)) == 1);
                 nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST,
                         currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_EASYLIST)) == 1);
                 nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY,
@@ -3565,6 +3377,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 int fontSize = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.FONT_SIZE));
                 int swipeToRefreshInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH));
                 int nightModeInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE));
+                int wideViewportInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.WIDE_VIEWPORT));
                 int displayWebpageImagesInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_IMAGES));
                 boolean pinnedSslCertificate = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_SSL_CERTIFICATE)) == 1);
                 String pinnedSslIssuedToCName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_COMMON_NAME));
@@ -3605,40 +3418,47 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     nestedScrollWebView.setPinnedIpAddresses(pinnedHostIpAddresses);
                 }
 
-                // Set `nightMode` according to `nightModeInt`.  If `nightModeInt` is `DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_SYSTEM_DEFAULT` the current setting from `sharedPreferences` will be used.
+                // Set night mode according to the night mode int.
                 switch (nightModeInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_ENABLED:
-                        nightMode = true;  // TODO.
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        // Set night mode according to the current default.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false));
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_DISABLED:
-                        nightMode = false;  // TODO.
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        // Enable night mode.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(true);
                         break;
-                }
 
-                // TODO.
-                // Store the domain JavaScript status.  This is used by the options menu night mode toggle.
-                domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled = domainJavaScriptEnabled;
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        // Disable night mode.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(false);
+                        break;
+                }
 
                 // Enable JavaScript if night mode is enabled.
-                if (nightMode) {
+                if (nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {
                     // Enable JavaScript.
                     nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
                 } else {
                     // Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(domainJavaScriptEnabled);
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(nestedScrollWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
                 }
 
-                // Close `currentHostDomainSettingsCursor`.
+                // Close the current host domain settings cursor.
                 currentDomainSettingsCursor.close();
 
                 // Apply the domain settings.
-                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);  //TODO  This could be bad.
-                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(domainDomStorageEnabled);  // TODO.  Move up.
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(nestedScrollWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies());
+
+                // Set third-party cookies status if API >= 21.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(nestedScrollWebView, domainThirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                }
 
                 // Apply the form data setting if the API < 26.
                 if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
-                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormDataEnabled);
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormData);
                 }
 
                 // Apply the font size.
@@ -3648,89 +3468,104 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(fontSize);
                 }
 
-                // Set third-party cookies status if API >= 21.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(nestedScrollWebView, domainThirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
-                }
+                // Set the user agent.
+                if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
+                    // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
+                    int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
 
-                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.
-                // <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
-                if (nestedScrollWebView.getProgress() == 100) {  // A URL is not loading.
-                    // Set the user agent.
-                    if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
-                        // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
-                        int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);  // TODO Could this be local.
-
-                        // Set the user agent according to the system default.
-                        switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
-                            case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
-                                // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the default custom user agent.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
-                                break;
-
-                            default:
-                                // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
-                        }
-                    } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
-                        // Get the array position of the user agent name.
-                        int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
-
-                        switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
-                            case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                                break;
-
-                            default:
-                                // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
-                        }
+                    // Set the user agent according to the system default.
+                    switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the default custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                            break;
+
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
+                    }
+                } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
+                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
+
+                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
+
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
                     }
                 }
 
                 // Set swipe to refresh.
-                switch (swipeToRefreshInt) {  // TODO.  This needs to be set and updated by tab.
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
-                        // Set swipe to refresh according to the default.
+                switch (swipeToRefreshInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
+
+                        // Apply swipe to refresh according to the default.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 23 because it is continuously set by an on scroll change listener.
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_ENABLED:
-                        // Enable swipe to refresh.
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(true);
+
+                        // Enable swipe to refresh.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 23 because it is continuously set by an on scroll change listener.
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_DISABLED:
-                        // Disable swipe to refresh.
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(false);
+
+                        // Disable swipe to refresh.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 23 because it is continuously set by an on scroll change listener.
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
                 }
 
+                // Set the viewport.
+                switch (wideViewportInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(wideViewport);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
+                        break;
+                }
+
                 // Set the loading of webpage images.
                 switch (displayWebpageImagesInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_ENABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_DISABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
                         break;
                 }
@@ -3744,19 +3579,20 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             } else {  // The new URL does not have custom domain settings.  Load the defaults.
                 // Store the values from the shared preferences.
                 boolean defaultJavaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false);
-                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("first_party_cookies", false);  // TODO.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("first_party_cookies", false));
                 boolean defaultThirdPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("third_party_cookies", false);
                 nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dom_storage", false));
-                saveFormDataEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("save_form_data", false);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.  // TODO.
+                boolean saveFormData = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("save_form_data", false);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
                 nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("easylist", true));
                 nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("easyprivacy", true));
                 nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("fanboys_annoyance_list", true));
                 nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("fanboys_social_blocking_list", true));
                 nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("ultraprivacy", true));
                 nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("block_all_third_party_requests", false));
+                nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false));
 
                 // Enable JavaScript if night mode is enabled.
-                if (nightMode) {
+                if (nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {
                     // Enable JavaScript.
                     nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
                 } else {
@@ -3765,15 +3601,20 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 }
 
                 // Apply the default settings.
-                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);  // TODO.
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(nestedScrollWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies());
                 nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(Integer.valueOf(defaultFontSizeString));
-                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
 
                 // Apply the form data setting if the API < 26.
                 if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
-                    currentWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormDataEnabled);
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormData);
                 }
 
+                // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
+
+                // Apply swipe to refresh according to the default.
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
+
                 // Reset the pinned variables.
                 nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsDatabaseId(-1);
 
@@ -3782,35 +3623,34 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(nestedScrollWebView, defaultThirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
                 }
 
-                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.
-                // <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
-                if (nestedScrollWebView.getProgress() == 100) {  // A URL is not loading.
-                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
-                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
+                // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
 
-                    // Set the user agent.
-                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
-                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
-                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
-                            break;
+                // Set the user agent.
+                switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                    case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                        // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                        break;
 
-                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                            break;
+                    case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                        // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                        break;
 
-                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
-                            // Set the default custom user agent.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
-                            break;
+                    case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                        // Set the default custom user agent.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                        break;
 
-                        default:
-                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
-                    }
+                    default:
+                        // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
                 }
 
+                // Set the viewport.
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(wideViewport);
+
                 // Set the loading of webpage images.
                 nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
 
@@ -3838,30 +3678,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Get the search preferences.
-        String homepageString = sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value));
-        String torHomepageString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value));
+        // Get the search and theme preferences.
         String torSearchString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search", getString(R.string.tor_search_default_value));
         String torSearchCustomUrlString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search_custom_url", getString(R.string.tor_search_custom_url_default_value));
         String searchString = sharedPreferences.getString("search", getString(R.string.search_default_value));
         String searchCustomUrlString = sharedPreferences.getString("search_custom_url", getString(R.string.search_custom_url_default_value));
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-        // Get a handle for the action bar.  `getSupportActionBar()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
-        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
-
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warning later that the action bar might be null.
-        assert actionBar != null;
+        // Get a handle for the app bar layout.
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
 
         // Set the homepage, search, and proxy options.
         if (proxyThroughOrbot) {  // Set the Tor options.
-            // Set `torHomepageString` as `homepage`.
-            homepage = torHomepageString;
-
-            // If formattedUrlString is null assign the homepage to it.
-            if (formattedUrlString == null) {
-                formattedUrlString = homepage;
-            }
-
             // Set the search URL.
             if (torSearchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
                 searchURL = torSearchCustomUrlString;
@@ -3872,11 +3700,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Set the proxy.  `this` refers to the current activity where an `AlertDialog` might be displayed.
             OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "localhost", "8118");
 
-            // Set the `appBar` background to indicate proxying through Orbot is enabled.  `this` refers to the context.
+            // Set the app bar background to indicate proxying through Orbot is enabled.
             if (darkTheme) {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.dark_blue_30));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.dark_blue_30);
             } else {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.blue_50));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.blue_50);
             }
 
             // Check to see if Orbot is ready.
@@ -3888,20 +3716,12 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
                 // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-                currentWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHtmlString, "text/html", null);
+                currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
             } else if (reloadWebsite) {  // Orbot is ready and the website should be reloaded.
                 // Reload the website.
                 currentWebView.reload();
             }
         } else {  // Set the non-Tor options.
-            // Set `homepageString` as `homepage`.
-            homepage = homepageString;
-
-            // If formattedUrlString is null assign the homepage to it.
-            if (formattedUrlString == null) {
-                formattedUrlString = homepage;
-            }
-
             // Set the search URL.
             if (searchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
                 searchURL = searchCustomUrlString;
@@ -3912,11 +3732,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Reset the proxy to default.  The host is `""` and the port is `"0"`.
             OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "", "0");
 
-            // Set the default `appBar` background.  `this` refers to the context.
+            // Set the default app bar layout background.
             if (darkTheme) {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_900));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.gray_900);
             } else {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_100));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.gray_100);
             }
 
             // Reset `waitingForOrbot.
@@ -3945,9 +3765,15 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         }
     }
 
-    private void updatePrivacyIcons(boolean runInvalidateOptionsMenu) {
-        // Only update the privacy icons if the options menu has already been populated.
-        if (optionsMenu != null) {
+    private void updatePrivacyIcons(boolean runInvalidateOptionsMenu) {
+        // Only update the privacy icons if the options menu and the current WebView have already been populated.
+        if ((optionsMenu != null) && (currentWebView != null)) {
+            // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+            // Get the theme and screenshot preferences.
+            boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+
             // Get handles for the menu items.
             MenuItem privacyMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_javascript);
             MenuItem firstPartyCookiesMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
@@ -3957,14 +3783,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Update the privacy icon.
             if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScript is enabled.
                 privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.javascript_enabled);
-            } else if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // JavaScript is disabled but cookies are enabled.
+            } else if (currentWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies()) {  // JavaScript is disabled but cookies are enabled.
                 privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.warning);
             } else {  // All the dangerous features are disabled.
                 privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.privacy_mode);
             }
 
             // Update the first-party cookies icon.
-            if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
+            if (currentWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies()) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
                 firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_enabled);
             } else {  // First-party cookies are disabled.
                 if (darkTheme) {
@@ -4123,9 +3949,15 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
         };
 
-        // Populate the `ListView` with the adapter.
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+
+        // Populate the list view with the adapter.
         bookmarksListView.setAdapter(bookmarksCursorAdapter);
 
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks title text view.
+        TextView bookmarksTitleTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
+
         // Set the bookmarks drawer title.
         if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {
             bookmarksTitleTextView.setText(R.string.bookmarks);
@@ -4162,7 +3994,66 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         startActivity(openWithBrowserIntent);
     }
 
+    private String sanitizeUrl(String url) {
+        // Sanitize Google Analytics.
+        if (sanitizeGoogleAnalytics) {
+            // Remove `?utm_`.
+            if (url.contains("?utm_")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?utm_"));
+            }
+
+            // Remove `&utm_`.
+            if (url.contains("&utm_")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("&utm_"));
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Sanitize Facebook Click IDs.
+        if (sanitizeFacebookClickIds) {
+            // Remove `?fbclid=`.
+            if (url.contains("?fbclid=")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?fbclid="));
+            }
+
+            // Remove `&fbclid=`.
+            if (url.contains("&fbclid=")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("&fbclid="));
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Sanitize Twitter AMP redirects.
+        if (sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects) {
+            // Remove `?amp=1`.
+            if (url.contains("?amp=1")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?amp=1"));
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Return the sanitized URL.
+        return url;
+    }
+
+    public void finishedPopulatingBlocklists(ArrayList<ArrayList<List<String[]>>> combinedBlocklists) {
+        // Store the blocklists.
+        easyList = combinedBlocklists.get(0);
+        easyPrivacy = combinedBlocklists.get(1);
+        fanboysAnnoyanceList = combinedBlocklists.get(2);
+        fanboysSocialList = combinedBlocklists.get(3);
+        ultraPrivacy = combinedBlocklists.get(4);
+
+        // Add the first tab.
+        addNewTab("");
+    }
+
     public void addTab(View view) {
+        // Add a new tab with a blank URL.
+        addNewTab("");
+    }
+
+    private void addNewTab(String url) {
+        // Sanitize the URL.
+        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
+
         // Get a handle for the tab layout and the view pager.
         TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
         ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
@@ -4180,16 +4071,237 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         assert newTab != null;
 
         // Set a custom view on the new tab.
-        newTab.setCustomView(R.layout.custom_tab_view);
+        newTab.setCustomView(R.layout.tab_custom_view);
 
         // Add the new WebView page.
-        webViewPagerAdapter.addPage(newTabNumber, webViewPager);
+        webViewPagerAdapter.addPage(newTabNumber, webViewPager, url);
+    }
+
+    public void closeTab(View view) {
+        // Get a handle for the tab layout.
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+
+        // Run the command according to the number of tabs.
+        if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There is more than one tab open.
+            // Close the current tab.
+            closeCurrentTab();
+        } else {  // There is only one tab open.
+            clearAndExit();
+        }
+    }
+
+    private void closeCurrentTab() {
+        // Get handles for the views.
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+
+        // Get the current tab number.
+        int currentTabNumber = tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition();
+
+        // Delete the current tab.
+        tabLayout.removeTabAt(currentTabNumber);
+
+        // Delete the current page.  If the selected page number did not change during the delete, it will return true, meaning that the current WebView must be reset.
+        if (webViewPagerAdapter.deletePage(currentTabNumber, webViewPager)) {
+            setCurrentWebView(currentTabNumber);
+        }
+
+        // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
+        appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
+    }
+
+    private void clearAndExit() {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
+        bookmarksCursor.close();
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
+
+        // Get the status of the clear everything preference.
+        boolean clearEverything = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_everything", true);
+
+        // Get a handle for the runtime.
+        Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+
+        // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`,
+        // which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+        String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
+        // Clear cookies.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cookies", true)) {
+            // The command to remove cookies changed slightly in API 21.
+            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookies(null);
+            } else {
+                CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookie();
+            }
+
+            // Manually delete the cookies database, as `CookieManager` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // Two commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                Process deleteCookiesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies");
+                Process deleteCookiesJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies-journal");
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteCookiesProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteCookiesJournalProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear DOM storage.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_dom_storage", true)) {
+            // Ask `WebStorage` to clear the DOM storage.
+            WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
+            webStorage.deleteAllData();
+
+            // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories, as `WebStorage` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
+
+                // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+                Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
+                Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
+                Process deleteDatabaseProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteDatabaseProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear form data if the API < 26.
+        if ((Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) && (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_form_data", true))) {
+            WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
+            webViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+
+            // Manually delete the form data database, as `WebViewDatabase` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // A string array must be used because the database contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not otherwise escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteWebDataProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data"});
+                Process deleteWebDataJournalProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data-journal"});
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteWebDataProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteWebDataJournalProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear the cache.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cache", true)) {
+            // Clear the cache from each WebView.
+            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+
+                // Get the fragment view.
+                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+
+                // Only clear the cache if the WebView exists.
+                if (fragmentView != null) {
+                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+
+                    // Clear the cache for this WebView.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.clearCache(true);
+                }
+            }
+
+            // Manually delete the cache directories.
+            try {
+                // Delete the main cache directory.
+                Process deleteCacheProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
+
+                // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
+                // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteServiceWorkerProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteCacheProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteServiceWorkerProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Wipe out each WebView.
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+
+            // Only wipe out the WebView if it exists.
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+
+                // Clear SSL certificate preferences for this WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.clearSslPreferences();
+
+                // Clear the back/forward history for this WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.clearHistory();
+
+                // Destroy the internal state of `mainWebView`.
+                nestedScrollWebView.destroy();
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear the custom headers.
+        customHeaders.clear();
+
+        // Manually delete the `app_webview` folder, which contains the cookies, DOM storage, form data, and `Service Worker` cache.
+        // See `https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=233826&thanks=233826&ts=1486670530`.
+        if (clearEverything) {
+            try {
+                // Delete the folder.
+                Process deleteAppWebviewProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview");
+
+                // Wait until the process has finished.
+                deleteAppWebviewProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Close Privacy Browser.  `finishAndRemoveTask` also removes Privacy Browser from the recent app list.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            finishAndRemoveTask();
+        } else {
+            finish();
+        }
+
+        // Remove the terminated program from RAM.  The status code is `0`.
+        System.exit(0);
     }
 
     private void setCurrentWebView(int pageNumber) {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Get the theme preference.
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+
         // Get handles for the URL views.
         RelativeLayout urlRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.url_relativelayout);
         EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+
+        // Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setRefreshing(false);
 
         // Get the WebView tab fragment.
         WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(pageNumber);
@@ -4197,66 +4309,123 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Get the fragment view.
         View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the fragment view might be null.
-        assert fragmentView != null;
+        // Set the current WebView if the fragment view is not null.
+        if (fragmentView != null) {  // The fragment has been populated.
+            // Store the current WebView.
+            currentWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+
+            // Update the status of swipe to refresh.
+            if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
+                // Enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled all the way to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
+            } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
+                // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
+            }
 
-        // Store the current WebView.
-        currentWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-        // Update the privacy icons.  `true` redraws the icons in the app bar.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+            // Set the first-party cookie status.
+            cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(currentWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies());
 
-        // Store the current formatted URL string.
-        formattedUrlString = currentWebView.getUrl();
+            // Update the privacy icons.  `true` redraws the icons in the app bar.
+            updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-        // Clear the focus from the URL text box.
-        urlEditText.clearFocus();
+            // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+            InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-        // Hide the soft keyboard.
-        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+            // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+            assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-        // Display the current URL in the URL text box.
-        urlEditText.setText(formattedUrlString);
+            // Get the current URL.
+            String url = currentWebView.getUrl();
 
-        // Highlight the URL text.
-        highlightUrlText();
+            // Update the URL edit text if not loading a new intent.  Otherwise, this will be handled by `onPageStarted()` (if called) and `onPageFinished()`.
+            if (!loadingNewIntent) {  // A new intent is not being loaded.
+                if ((url == null) || url.equals("about:blank")) {  // The WebView is blank.
+                    // Display the hint in the URL edit text.
+                    urlEditText.setText("");
 
-        // Set the background to indicate the domain settings status.
-        if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {
-            // Set a green background on the URL relative layout to indicate that custom domain settings are being used. The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
-            if (darkTheme) {
-                urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_dark_blue));
+                    // Request focus for the URL text box.
+                    urlEditText.requestFocus();
+
+                    // Display the keyboard.
+                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlEditText, 0);
+                } else {  // The WebView has a loaded URL.
+                    // Clear the focus from the URL text box.
+                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
+
+                    // Hide the soft keyboard.
+                    inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+
+                    // Display the current URL in the URL text box.
+                    urlEditText.setText(url);
+
+                    // Highlight the URL text.
+                    highlightUrlText();
+                }
+            } else {  // A new intent is being loaded.
+                // Reset the loading new intent tracker.
+                loadingNewIntent = false;
+            }
+
+            // Set the background to indicate the domain settings status.
+            if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {
+                // Set a green background on the URL relative layout to indicate that custom domain settings are being used. The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_dark_blue));
+                } else {
+                    urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_light_green));
+                }
             } else {
-                urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_light_green));
+                urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
             }
-        } else {
-            urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
+        } else {  // The fragment has not been populated.  Try again in 100 milliseconds.
+            // Create a handler to set the current WebView.
+            Handler setCurrentWebViewHandler = new Handler();
+
+            // Create a runnable to set the current WebView.
+            Runnable setCurrentWebWebRunnable = () -> {
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(pageNumber);
+            };
+
+            // Try setting the current WebView again after 100 milliseconds.
+            setCurrentWebViewHandler.postDelayed(setCurrentWebWebRunnable, 100);
         }
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void initializeWebView(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, int pageNumber, ProgressBar progressBar) {
+    public void initializeWebView(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, int pageNumber, ProgressBar progressBar, String url) {
         // Get handles for the activity views.
         FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
         DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
         RelativeLayout mainContentRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.main_content_relativelayout);
         ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
         EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
         TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
         SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warnings below that the some of the views might be null.
+        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
         assert actionBar != null;
 
         // Get a handle for the activity
         Activity activity = this;
 
+        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+
+        // Instantiate the blocklist helper.
+        BlocklistHelper blocklistHelper = new BlocklistHelper();
+
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Get the relevant preferences.
-        boolean downloadWithExternalApp = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false);
-
         // Initialize the favorite icon.
         nestedScrollWebView.initializeFavoriteIcon();
 
@@ -4274,9 +4443,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setMixedContentMode(WebSettings.MIXED_CONTENT_NEVER_ALLOW);
         }
 
-        // Set the WebView to use a wide viewport.  Otherwise, some web pages will be scrunched and some content will render outside the screen.
-        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
-
         // Set the WebView to load in overview mode (zoomed out to the maximum width).
         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadWithOverviewMode(true);