Speed up the initial loading of Privacy Browser.
[PrivacyBrowser.git] / app / src / main / java / com / stoutner / privacybrowser / activities / MainWebViewActivity.java
index 8a2a32c..895f20a 100644 (file)
@@ -115,6 +115,7 @@ import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.BuildConfig;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.R;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.adapters.WebViewPagerAdapter;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.GetHostIpAddresses;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.PopulateBlocklists;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.AdConsentDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkFolderDialog;
@@ -130,7 +131,7 @@ import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.UrlHistoryDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.ViewSslCertificateDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.fragments.WebViewTabFragment;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.AdHelper;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlockListHelper;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlocklistHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.CheckPinnedMismatchHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.DomainsDatabaseHelper;
@@ -157,7 +158,7 @@ import java.util.Set;
 // AppCompatActivity from android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity must be used to have access to the SupportActionBar until the minimum API is >= 21.
 public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBookmarkDialog.CreateBookmarkListener, CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.CreateBookmarkFolderListener,
         DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener, DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DownloadLocationPermissionDialogListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener,
-        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener {
+        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PopulateBlocklists.PopulateBlocklistsListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener {
 
     // `orbotStatus` is public static so it can be accessed from `OrbotProxyHelper`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     public static String orbotStatus;
@@ -199,7 +200,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // The options menu is set in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `updatePrivacyIcons()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
     private Menu optionsMenu;
 
-    // The blocklists are populated in `onCreate()` and accessed from `initializeWebView()`.
+    // The blocklists are populated in `finishedPopulatingBlocklists()` and accessed from `initializeWebView()`.
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyList;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyPrivacy;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysAnnoyanceList;
@@ -279,6 +280,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // The swipe refresh layout top padding is used when exiting full screen browsing mode.  It is used in an inner class in `initializeWebView()`.
     private int swipeRefreshLayoutPaddingTop;
 
+    // The URL sanitizers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `sanitizeUrl()`.
+    private boolean sanitizeGoogleAnalytics;
+    private boolean sanitizeFacebookClickIds;
+    private boolean sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects;
+
     // The download strings are used in `onCreate()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()` and `initializeWebView()`.
     private String downloadUrl;
     private String downloadContentDisposition;
@@ -295,6 +301,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // Remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
     @SuppressLint("ClickableViewAccessibility")
     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
+        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
@@ -319,15 +328,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
         // Set the content view.
         setContentView(R.layout.main_framelayout);
-
-        // Get a handle for the input method.
-        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
-
-        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
-        assert inputMethodManager != null;
-
-        // Get a handle for the toolbar.
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
         Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
 
         // Set the action bar.  `SupportActionBar` must be used until the minimum API is >= 21.
         setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
@@ -342,757 +346,311 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         actionBar.setCustomView(R.layout.url_app_bar);
         actionBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
 
-        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
-        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
-        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
-        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
-
-        // Get handles for the URL views.
-        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
-
-        // Remove the formatting from `urlTextBar` when the user is editing the text.
-        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
-            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
-                // Remove the highlighting.
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
-            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
-                // Move to the beginning of the string.
-                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
+        // Initially disable the sliding drawers.  They will be enabled once the blocklists are loaded.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_LOCKED_CLOSED);
 
-                // Reapply the highlighting.
-                highlightUrlText();
-            }
-        });
+        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
 
-        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
-        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
-            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
-                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
-                loadUrlFromTextBox();
+        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
+        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
 
-                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {
-                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
+        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
+        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
 
-        // Initialize the Orbot status and the waiting for Orbot trackers.
-        orbotStatus = "unknown";
-        waitingForOrbot = false;
+        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
+        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
 
-        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
-        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
-            @Override
-            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
-                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
-                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
+        // Populate the blocklists.
+        new PopulateBlocklists(this, this).execute();
+    }
 
-                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
-                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Reset the waiting for Orbot status.
-                    waitingForOrbot = false;
+    @Override
+    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
+        // Get the information from the intent.
+        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
+        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
 
-                    // Get the intent that started the app.
-                    Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
+        // Determine if this is a web search.
+        boolean isWebSearch = ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH));
 
-                    // Get the information from the intent.
-                    String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
-                    Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
+        // Only process the URI if it contains data or it is a web search.  If the user pressed the desktop icon after the app was already running the URI will be null.
+        if (intentUriData != null || isWebSearch) {
+            // Get the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                    // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
-                    if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
-                        // Create an encoded URL string.
-                        String encodedUrlString;
+            // Create a URL string.
+            String url;
 
-                        // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-                        try {
-                            encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
-                        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                            encodedUrlString = "";
-                        }
+            // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+            if (isWebSearch) {
+                // Create an encoded URL string.
+                String encodedUrlString;
 
-                        // Load the completed search URL.
-                        loadUrl(searchURL + encodedUrlString);
-                    } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
-                        // Load the URL from the intent.
-                        loadUrl(launchingIntentUriData.toString());
-                    } else {  // The is no URL in the intent.
-                        // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
-                        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
-                            // Load the Tor homepage.
-                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
-                        } else {
-                            // Load the normal homepage.
-                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
-                        }
-                    }
+                // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                try {
+                    encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                    encodedUrlString = "";
                 }
+
+                // Add the base search URL.
+                url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+            } else {  // The intent should contain a URL.
+                // Set the intent data as the URL.
+                url = intentUriData.toString();
             }
-        };
 
-        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
-        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
+            // Add a new tab if specified in the preferences.
+            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("open_intents_in_new_tab", true)) {  // Load the URL in a new tab.
+                // Set the loading new intent flag.
+                loadingNewIntent = true;
 
-        // Instantiate the blocklist helper.
-        BlockListHelper blockListHelper = new BlockListHelper();
+                // Add a new tab.
+                addNewTab(url);
+            } else {  // Load the URL in the current tab.
+                // Make it so.
+                loadUrl(url);
+            }
 
-        // Parse the block lists.
-        easyList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easylist.txt");
-        easyPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easyprivacy.txt");
-        fanboysAnnoyanceList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-annoyance.txt");
-        fanboysSocialList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-social.txt");
-        ultraPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/ultraprivacy.txt");
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-        NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
-        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
-        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
-        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
-        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
-        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
-        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+            }
 
-        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
-        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
+        }
+    }
 
-        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
-        Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
-        MenuItem navigationCloseTabMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(0);
-        MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
-        MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
-        MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
-        MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(6);
+    @Override
+    public void onRestart() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onRestart();
 
-        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
-        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
+        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
+        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
+            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
 
-        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
-        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
+            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
+            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
 
-        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
-        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
+            // Make it so.
+            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
+        }
 
-        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
-        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity.
+        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply app settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-            @Override
-            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
-                // Close the find on page bar if it is open.
-                closeFindOnPage(null);
+            // Apply the app settings.
+            applyAppSettings();
+        }
 
-                // Set the current WebView.
-                setCurrentWebView(position);
+        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the settings or domains activity.
+        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply domain settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager or by creating a new tab.
-                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
-                    // Create a handler to select the tab.
-                    Handler selectTabHandler = new Handler();
+            // Reapply the domain settings for each tab.
+            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-                    // Create a runnable select the new tab.
-                    Runnable selectTabRunnable = () -> {
-                        // Get a handle for the tab.
-                        TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
+                // Get the fragment view.
+                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-                        // Assert that the tab is not null.
-                        assert tab != null;
+                // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
+                if (fragmentView != null) {
+                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-                        // Select the tab.
-                        tab.select();
-                    };
+                    // Reset the current domain name so the domain settings will be reapplied.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                    // Select the tab layout after 100 milliseconds, which leaves enough time for a new tab to be created.
-                    selectTabHandler.postDelayed(selectTabRunnable, 100);
+                    // Reapply the domain settings if the URL is not null, which can happen if an empty tab is active when returning from settings.
+                    if (nestedScrollWebView.getUrl() != null) {
+                        applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, nestedScrollWebView.getUrl(), false, true);
+                    }
                 }
             }
+        }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
-        });
-
-        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
-        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Select the same page in the view pager.
-                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
-            }
+        // Load the URL on restart (used when loading a bookmark).
+        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
+            // Load the specified URL.
+            loadUrl(urlToLoadOnRestart);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+            // Reset the load on restart tracker.
+            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
+        }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
-                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = ViewSslCertificateDialog.displayDialog(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
+        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
+        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
-                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
-            }
-        });
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
 
-        // Add the first tab.
-        addTab(null);
+            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
+            loadBookmarksFolder();
 
-        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
-        // The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21 and and `getResources().getColor()` must be used until the minimum API >= 23.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
-        } else {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
+            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
+            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
         }
 
-        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
-        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
-            Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon();
+        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+    }
 
-            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
+    @Override
+    public void onResume() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onResume();
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
-            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
+            // Only resume the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-            // Add the extra information to the intent.
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_title", currentWebView.getTitle());
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("favorite_icon_byte_array", favoriteIconByteArray);
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
+                nestedScrollWebView.resumeTimers();
 
-            // Make it so.
-            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
-        });
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.onResume();
+            }
+        }
 
-        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Create a create bookmark folder dialog.
-            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.createBookmarkFolder(currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+        // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
+        if (waitingForOrbot && !orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
+            // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
+            currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
-            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog.
-            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_folder));
-        });
+            // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
+            currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
+        }
 
-        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
-            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
-            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+        if (displayingFullScreenVideo || inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Get a handle for the root frame layouts.
+            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
 
-            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
-            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
-        });
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
-        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
-            @Override
-            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {  // Resume the adView for the free flavor.
+            // Resume the ad.
+            AdHelper.resumeAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+        }
+    }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+    @Override
+    public void onPause() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onPause();
 
-            @Override
-            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
-                // Search for the text in the WebView if it is not null.  Sometimes on resume after a period of non-use the WebView will be null.
-                if (currentWebView != null) {
-                    currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
-                }
-            }
-        });
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
-        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
-                // Hide the soft keyboard.
-                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-                // Consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
-                // Do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
+            // Only pause the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-        // Implement swipe to refresh.
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
+                // Pause the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.onPause();
 
-        // Store the default progress view offsets for use later in `initializeWebView()`.
-        defaultProgressViewStartOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset();
-        defaultProgressViewEndOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset();
+                // Pause the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
+                nestedScrollWebView.pauseTimers();
+            }
+        }
 
-        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
-        } else {
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
+        // Pause the ad or it will continue to consume resources in the background on the free flavor.
+        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+            // Pause the ad.
+            AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
         }
+    }
 
-        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
+    @Override
+    public void onDestroy() {
+        // Unregister the Orbot status broadcast receiver.
+        this.unregisterReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver);
 
-        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
+        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
+        bookmarksCursor.close();
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
 
-        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
-        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onDestroy();
+    }
 
-        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
-        loadBookmarksFolder();
+    @Override
+    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
+        // Inflate the menu.  This adds items to the action bar if it is present.
+        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.webview_options_menu, menu);
 
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
-            int databaseID = (int) id;
+        // Store a handle for the options menu so it can be used by `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
+        optionsMenu = menu;
 
-            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
-            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
-            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
+        // Set the initial status of the privacy icons.  `false` does not call `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(false);
 
-            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
-            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
-                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+        // Get handles for the menu items.
+        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
+        MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
 
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
-            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
-                // Load the bookmark URL.
-                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
+        // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
+        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21);
 
-                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
+        // Only display the form data menu items if the API < 26.
+        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
+        clearFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
 
-            // Close the `Cursor`.
-            bookmarkCursor.close();
-        });
+        // Disable the clear form data menu item if the API >= 26 so that the status of the main Clear Data is calculated correctly.
+        clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
 
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
-            int databaseId = (int) id;
+        // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
+        adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
 
-            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
-            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
+        // Get the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-            if (isFolder) {
-                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
-                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
-
-                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
-                DialogFragment editBookmarkFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-                editBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_folder));
-            } else {
-                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
-                DialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
-            }
-
-            // Consume the event.
-            return true;
-        });
-
-        // Get the status bar pixel size.
-        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
-        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
-
-        // Get the resource density.
-        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
-
-        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
-        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
-
-        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
-        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
-                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
-                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
-                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
-                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
-
-                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
-                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
-                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
-                    }
-
-                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
-                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
-                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
-                    }
-
-                    // Update the navigation menu items.
-                    navigationCloseTabMenuItem.setEnabled(tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1);
-                    navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoBack());
-                    navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoForward());
-                    navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((currentWebView.canGoBack() || currentWebView.canGoForward()));
-                    navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-
-                    // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
-                    inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
-
-                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
-                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
-                    currentWebView.clearFocus();
-                }
-            }
-        });
-
-        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
-        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
-
-        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
-        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
-
-        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
-        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
-
-        // Inflate a bare WebView to get the default user agent.  It is not used to render content on the screen.
-        @SuppressLint("InflateParams") View webViewLayout = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bare_webview, null, false);
-
-        // Get a handle for the WebView.
-        WebView bareWebView = webViewLayout.findViewById(R.id.bare_webview);
-
-        // Store the default user agent.
-        webViewDefaultUserAgent = bareWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
-
-        // Destroy the bare WebView.
-        bareWebView.destroy();
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
-        // Get the information from the intent.
-        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
-        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
-
-        // Only process the URI if it contains data.  If the user pressed the desktop icon after the app was already running the URI will be null.
-        if (intentUriData != null) {
-            // Sets the new intent as the activity intent, which replaces the one that originally started the app.
-            setIntent(intent);
-
-            // Get the shared preferences.
-            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
-
-            // Add a new tab if specified in the preferences.
-            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("open_intents_in_new_tab", true)) {
-                // Set the loading new intent flag.
-                loadingNewIntent = true;
-
-                // Add a new tab.
-                addTab(null);
-            }
-
-            // Create a URL string.
-            String url;
-
-            // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
-            if ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
-                // Create an encoded URL string.
-                String encodedUrlString;
-
-                // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-                try {
-                    encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
-                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                    encodedUrlString = "";
-                }
-
-                // Add the base search URL.
-                url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-            } else {  // The intent should contain a URL.
-                // Set the intent data as the URL.
-                url = intentUriData.toString();
-            }
-
-            // Load the URL.
-            loadUrl(url);
-
-            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-
-            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-            }
-
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
-
-            // Clear the keyboard if displayed and remove the focus on the urlTextBar if it has it.
-            currentWebView.requestFocus();
-        }
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onRestart() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onRestart();
-
-        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
-        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
-            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
-            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
-
-            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
-            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
-
-            // Make it so.
-            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
-        }
-
-        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity.
-        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Reset the reapply app settings on restart tracker.
-            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
-
-            // Apply the app settings.
-            applyAppSettings();
-        }
-
-        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the settings or domains activity.
-        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Reset the reapply domain settings on restart tracker.
-            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
-
-            // Reapply the domain settings for each tab.
-            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-                // Get the fragment view.
-                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-                // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
-                if (fragmentView != null) {
-                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                    // Reset the current domain name so the domain settings will be reapplied.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
-
-                    // Reapply the domain settings if the URL is not null, which can happen if an empty tab is active when returning from settings.
-                    if (nestedScrollWebView.getUrl() != null) {
-                        applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, nestedScrollWebView.getUrl(), false, true);
-                    }
-                }
-            }
-        }
-
-        // Load the URL on restart (used when loading a bookmark).
-        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
-            // Load the specified URL.
-            loadUrl(urlToLoadOnRestart);
-
-            // Reset the load on restart tracker.
-            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
-        }
-
-        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
-        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
-            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-
-            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
-            loadBookmarksFolder();
-
-            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
-            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
-        }
-
-        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
-    }
-
-    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
-    @Override
-    public void onResume() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onResume();
-
-        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-            // Get the fragment view.
-            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-            // Only resume the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
-            if (fragmentView != null) {
-                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                // Resume the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
-                nestedScrollWebView.resumeTimers();
-
-                // Resume the nested scroll WebView.
-                nestedScrollWebView.onResume();
-            }
-        }
-
-        // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
-        if (waitingForOrbot && !orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
-            // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
-            currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
-
-            // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-            currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
-        }
-
-        if (displayingFullScreenVideo || inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
-            // Get a handle for the root frame layouts.
-            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
-
-            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
-            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-
-            /* Hide the system bars.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-             */
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
-                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-        } else if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {  // Resume the adView for the free flavor.
-            // Resume the ad.
-            AdHelper.resumeAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-        }
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onPause() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onPause();
-
-        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-            // Get the fragment view.
-            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-            // Only pause the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
-            if (fragmentView != null) {
-                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                // Pause the nested scroll WebView.
-                nestedScrollWebView.onPause();
-
-                // Pause the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
-                nestedScrollWebView.pauseTimers();
-            }
-        }
-
-        // Pause the ad or it will continue to consume resources in the background on the free flavor.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-            // Pause the ad.
-            AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-        }
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onDestroy() {
-        // Unregister the Orbot status broadcast receiver.
-        this.unregisterReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver);
-
-        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
-        bookmarksCursor.close();
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
-
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onDestroy();
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
-        // Inflate the menu.  This adds items to the action bar if it is present.
-        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.webview_options_menu, menu);
-
-        // Store a handle for the options menu so it can be used by `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
-        optionsMenu = menu;
-
-        // Set the initial status of the privacy icons.  `false` does not call `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(false);
-
-        // Get handles for the menu items.
-        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
-        MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
-
-        // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
-        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21);
-
-        // Only display the form data menu items if the API < 26.
-        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
-        clearFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
-
-        // Disable the clear form data menu item if the API >= 26 so that the status of the main Clear Data is calculated correctly.
-        clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
-
-        // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
-        adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
-
-        // Get the shared preferences.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
-
-        // Get the dark theme and app bar preferences..
-        boolean displayAdditionalAppBarIcons = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false);
-        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+        // Get the dark theme and app bar preferences..
+        boolean displayAdditionalAppBarIcons = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false);
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
         // Set the status of the additional app bar icons.  Setting the refresh menu item to `SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS` makes it appear even on small devices like phones.
         if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
@@ -1120,6 +678,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
         }
 
+        // Done.
         return true;
     }
 
@@ -1144,6 +703,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
         MenuItem fontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size);
         MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
+        MenuItem wideViewportMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.wide_viewport);
         MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
         MenuItem nightModeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.night_mode);
         MenuItem proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.proxy_through_orbot);
@@ -1180,6 +740,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
             blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
             swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+            wideViewportMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
             displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
             nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getNightMode());
 
@@ -1898,19 +1459,19 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Update the swipe refresh layout.
                 if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
-                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) {  // For API >= 23, the status of the scroll refresh listener is continuously updated by the on scroll change listener.
-                        // Only enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled to the top.
-                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
-                    } else {  // For API < 23, the swipe refresh layout is always enabled.
-                        // Enable the swipe refresh layout.
-                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
-                    }
+                    // Only enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
                 } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
                     // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
                     swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
                 }
                 return true;
 
+            case R.id.wide_viewport:
+                // Toggle the viewport.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(!currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
+                return true;
+
             case R.id.display_images:
                 if (currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically()) {  // Images are currently loaded automatically.
                     // Disable loading of images.
@@ -1979,6 +1540,29 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 }, 200);
                 return true;
 
+            case R.id.print:
+                // Get a print manager instance.
+                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
+
+                // Remove the lint error below that print manager might be null.
+                assert printManager != null;
+
+                // Create a print document adapter from the current WebView.
+                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
+
+                // Print the document.
+                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
+                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getUrl(),
+                        currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+
+                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
+                return true;
+
             case R.id.view_source:
                 // Create an intent to launch the view source activity.
                 Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
@@ -2004,1435 +1588,1626 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, getString(R.string.share_url)));
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.print:
-                // Get a print manager instance.
-                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
+            case R.id.open_with_app:
+                openWithApp(currentWebView.getUrl());
+                return true;
 
-                // Remove the lint error below that print manager might be null.
-                assert printManager != null;
+            case R.id.open_with_browser:
+                openWithBrowser(currentWebView.getUrl());
+                return true;
 
-                // Create a print document adapter from the current WebView.
-                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
+            case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
+                // Toggle the proxy through Orbot variable.
+                proxyThroughOrbot = !proxyThroughOrbot;
 
-                // Print the document.
-                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
+                // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+                applyProxyThroughOrbot(true);
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.open_with_app:
-                openWithApp(currentWebView.getUrl());
+            case R.id.refresh:
+                if (menuItem.getTitle().equals(getString(R.string.refresh))) {  // The refresh button was pushed.
+                    // Reload the current WebView.
+                    currentWebView.reload();
+                } else {  // The stop button was pushed.
+                    // Stop the loading of the WebView.
+                    currentWebView.stopLoading();
+                }
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.open_with_browser:
-                openWithBrowser(currentWebView.getUrl());
+            case R.id.ad_consent:
+                // Display the ad consent dialog.
+                DialogFragment adConsentDialogFragment = new AdConsentDialog();
+                adConsentDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ad_consent));
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
-                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
-                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getUrl(),
-                        currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+            default:
+                // Don't consume the event.
+                return super.onOptionsItemSelected(menuItem);
+        }
+    }
+
+    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
+    @Override
+    public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
+        // Get the menu item ID.
+        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
+
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Run the commands that correspond to the selected menu item.
+        switch (menuItemId) {
+            case R.id.clear_and_exit:
+                // Clear and exit Privacy Browser.
+                clearAndExit();
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.home:
+                // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                    // Load the Tor homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                } else {
+                    // Load the normal homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                }
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.back:
+                if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
+
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
+
+                    // Load the previous website in the history.
+                    currentWebView.goBack();
+                }
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.forward:
+                if (currentWebView.canGoForward()) {
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
+
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
+
+                    // Load the next website in the history.
+                    currentWebView.goForward();
+                }
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.history:
+                // Instantiate the URL history dialog.
+                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
+
+                // Show the URL history dialog.
+                urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.requests:
+                // Populate the resource requests.
+                RequestsActivity.resourceRequests = currentWebView.getResourceRequests();
+
+                // Create an intent to launch the Requests activity.
+                Intent requestsIntent = new Intent(this, RequestsActivity.class);
+
+                // Add the block third-party requests status to the intent.
+                requestsIntent.putExtra("block_all_third_party_requests", currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
+
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(requestsIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.downloads:
+                // Launch the system Download Manager.
+                Intent downloadManagerIntent = new Intent(DownloadManager.ACTION_VIEW_DOWNLOADS);
+
+                // Launch as a new task so that Download Manager and Privacy Browser show as separate windows in the recent tasks list.
+                downloadManagerIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+                startActivity(downloadManagerIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.domains:
+                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
+                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
+
+                // Launch the domains activity.
+                Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
+
+                // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                // Get the current certificate.
+                SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                    // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                    String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                    String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                    String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                    String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                    String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                    String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                    long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                    long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                    // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                }
+
+                // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                    // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                }
+
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.settings:
+                // Set the flag to reapply app settings on restart when returning from Settings.
+                reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = true;
+
+                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
+                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
+
+                // Launch the settings activity.
+                Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
+                startActivity(settingsIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.import_export:
+                // Launch the import/export activity.
+                Intent importExportIntent = new Intent (this, ImportExportActivity.class);
+                startActivity(importExportIntent);
+                break;
 
-                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
-                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
-                return true;
+            case R.id.logcat:
+                // Launch the logcat activity.
+                Intent logcatIntent = new Intent(this, LogcatActivity.class);
+                startActivity(logcatIntent);
+                break;
 
-            case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
-                // Toggle the proxy through Orbot variable.
-                proxyThroughOrbot = !proxyThroughOrbot;
+            case R.id.guide:
+                // Launch `GuideActivity`.
+                Intent guideIntent = new Intent(this, GuideActivity.class);
+                startActivity(guideIntent);
+                break;
 
-                // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
-                applyProxyThroughOrbot(true);
-                return true;
+            case R.id.about:
+                // Create an intent to launch the about activity.
+                Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
 
-            case R.id.refresh:
-                if (menuItem.getTitle().equals(getString(R.string.refresh))) {  // The refresh button was pushed.
-                    // Reload the current WebView.
-                    currentWebView.reload();
-                } else {  // The stop button was pushed.
-                    // Stop the loading of the WebView.
-                    currentWebView.stopLoading();
-                }
-                return true;
+                // Create a string array for the blocklist versions.
+                String[] blocklistVersions = new String[] {easyList.get(0).get(0)[0], easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0],
+                        ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0]};
 
-            case R.id.ad_consent:
-                // Display the ad consent dialog.
-                DialogFragment adConsentDialogFragment = new AdConsentDialog();
-                adConsentDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ad_consent));
-                return true;
+                // Add the blocklist versions to the intent.
+                aboutIntent.putExtra("blocklist_versions", blocklistVersions);
 
-            default:
-                // Don't consume the event.
-                return super.onOptionsItemSelected(menuItem);
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(aboutIntent);
+                break;
         }
+
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+
+        // Close the navigation drawer.
+        drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        return true;
     }
 
-    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
     @Override
-    public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
-        // Get the menu item ID.
-        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
+    public void onPostCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onPostCreate(savedInstanceState);
 
-        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+        // Sync the state of the DrawerToggle after the default `onRestoreInstanceState()` has finished.  This creates the navigation drawer icon.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle.syncState();
+    }
 
-        // Run the commands that correspond to the selected menu item.
-        switch (menuItemId) {
-            case R.id.close_tab:
-                // Close the current tab.
-                closeCurrentTab();
-                break;
+    @Override
+    public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
 
-            case R.id.clear_and_exit:
-                // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
-                bookmarksCursor.close();
-                bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
 
-                // Get the status of the clear everything preference.
-                boolean clearEverything = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_everything", true);
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
 
-                // Get a handle for the runtime.
-                Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+        // Recalculate the drawer header padding.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
 
-                // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`,
-                // which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
-                String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if not in full screen mode.
+        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free") && !inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
+            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+        }
 
-                // Clear cookies.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cookies", true)) {
-                    // The command to remove cookies changed slightly in API 21.
-                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                        CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookies(null);
-                    } else {
-                        CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookie();
-                    }
+        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` should recalculate the number of action buttons from the menu to display on the app bar, but it doesn't because of the this bug:
+        // https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=20493#c8
+        // ActivityCompat.invalidateOptionsMenu(this);
+    }
 
-                    // Manually delete the cookies database, as `CookieManager` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // Two commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        Process deleteCookiesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies");
-                        Process deleteCookiesJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies-journal");
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteCookiesProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteCookiesJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View view, ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
+        // Store the hit test result.
+        final WebView.HitTestResult hitTestResult = currentWebView.getHitTestResult();
 
-                // Clear DOM storage.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_dom_storage", true)) {
-                    // Ask `WebStorage` to clear the DOM storage.
-                    WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
-                    webStorage.deleteAllData();
+        // Create the URL strings.
+        final String imageUrl;
+        final String linkUrl;
 
-                    // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories, as `WebStorage` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
-
-                        // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                        Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                        Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                        Process deleteDatabaseProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteDatabaseProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+        // Get handles for the system managers.
+        final ClipboardManager clipboardManager = (ClipboardManager) getSystemService(CLIPBOARD_SERVICE);
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                // Clear form data if the API < 26.
-                if ((Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) && (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_form_data", true))) {
-                    WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
-                    webViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+        // Remove the lint errors below that the clipboard manager might be null.
+        assert clipboardManager != null;
 
-                    // Manually delete the form data database, as `WebViewDatabase` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // A string array must be used because the database contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not otherwise escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteWebDataProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data"});
-                        Process deleteWebDataJournalProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data-journal"});
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteWebDataProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteWebDataJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+        // Process the link according to the type.
+        switch (hitTestResult.getType()) {
+            // `SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE` is a link.
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE:
+                // Get the target URL.
+                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+
+                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
-                // Clear the cache.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cache", true)) {
-                    // Clear the cache from each WebView.
-                    for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-                        // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                        WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the link URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                        // Get the fragment view.
-                        View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                        // Only clear the cache if the WebView exists.
-                        if (fragmentView != null) {
-                            // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                            NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                            // Clear the cache for this WebView.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.clearCache(true);
-                        }
-                    }
+                // Add a Copy URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Save the link URL in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), linkUrl);
 
-                    // Manually delete the cache directories.
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the main cache directory.
-                        Process deleteCacheProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcAnchorTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                        // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
-                        // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteServiceWorkerProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
+                // Add a Download URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
+                            downloadUrl = linkUrl;
+                            downloadContentDisposition = "none";
+                            downloadContentLength = -1;
 
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteCacheProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteServiceWorkerProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
 
-                // Wipe out each WebView.
-                for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-                    // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                    WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
+                            DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
 
-                    // Get the fragment view.
-                    View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+                            // Show the download file alert dialog.
+                            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                    // Only wipe out the WebView if it exists.
-                    if (fragmentView != null) {
-                        // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                        NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+                // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
 
-                        // Clear SSL certificate preferences for this WebView.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.clearSslPreferences();
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.EMAIL_TYPE:
+                // Get the target URL.
+                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
-                        // Clear the back/forward history for this WebView.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.clearHistory();
+                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
-                        // Destroy the internal state of `mainWebView`.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.destroy();
-                    }
-                }
+                // Add a Write Email entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
+                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
 
-                // Clear the custom headers.
-                customHeaders.clear();
+                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
+                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse("mailto:" + linkUrl));
 
-                // Manually delete the `app_webview` folder, which contains the cookies, DOM storage, form data, and `Service Worker` cache.
-                // See `https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=233826&thanks=233826&ts=1486670530`.
-                if (clearEverything) {
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the folder.
-                        Process deleteAppWebviewProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview");
+                    // `FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK` opens the email program in a new task instead as part of Privacy Browser.
+                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
 
-                        // Wait until the process has finished.
-                        deleteAppWebviewProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(emailIntent);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                // Close Privacy Browser.  `finishAndRemoveTask` also removes Privacy Browser from the recent app list.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    finishAndRemoveTask();
-                } else {
-                    finish();
-                }
+                // Add a Copy Email Address entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
 
-                // Remove the terminated program from RAM.  The status code is `0`.
-                System.exit(0);
-                break;
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcEmailTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-            case R.id.home:
-                // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
-                if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
-                    // Load the Tor homepage.
-                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
-                } else {
-                    // Load the normal homepage.
-                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
-                }
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
 
-            case R.id.back:
-                if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {
-                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
-                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
+            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image. `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.  Privacy Browser processes them the same.
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
+                // Get the image URL.
+                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
-                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
+                // Set the image URL as the title of the context menu.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
 
-                    // Load the previous website in the history.
-                    currentWebView.goBack();
-                }
-                break;
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the image URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-            case R.id.forward:
-                if (currentWebView.canGoForward()) {
-                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
-                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
+                // Add a View Image entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
+                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
 
-                    // Load the next website in the history.
-                    currentWebView.goForward();
-                }
-                break;
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
 
-            case R.id.history:
-                // Instantiate the URL history dialog.
-                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
+                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
 
-                // Show the URL history dialog.
-                urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
-                break;
+                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
+                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-            case R.id.requests:
-                // Populate the resource requests.
-                RequestsActivity.resourceRequests = currentWebView.getResourceRequests();
+                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcImageAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
 
-                // Create an intent to launch the Requests activity.
-                Intent requestsIntent = new Intent(this, RequestsActivity.class);
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageAnchorTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                // Add the block third-party requests status to the intent.
-                requestsIntent.putExtra("block_all_third_party_requests", currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                // Make it so.
-                startActivity(requestsIntent);
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
+        }
+    }
 
-            case R.id.downloads:
-                // Launch the system Download Manager.
-                Intent downloadManagerIntent = new Intent(DownloadManager.ACTION_VIEW_DOWNLOADS);
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
 
-                // Launch as a new task so that Download Manager and Privacy Browser show as separate windows in the recent tasks list.
-                downloadManagerIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
 
-                startActivity(downloadManagerIntent);
-                break;
+        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
+        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
 
-            case R.id.domains:
-                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
-                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
+        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                // Launch the domains activity.
-                Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
+        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                // Add the extra information to the intent.
-                domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                // Get the current certificate.
-                SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
+        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
 
-                // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
-                if (sslCertificate != null) {
-                    // Extract the certificate to strings.
-                    String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
-                    String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
-                    String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
-                    String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
-                    String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
-                    String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
-                    long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
-                    long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+        // Create the bookmark.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
 
-                    // Add the certificate to the intent.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
-                }
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-                // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
-                if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
-                    // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
-                }
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
 
-                // Make it so.
-                startActivity(domainsIntent);
-                break;
+        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
+    }
 
-            case R.id.settings:
-                // Set the flag to reapply app settings on restart when returning from Settings.
-                reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = true;
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
 
-                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
-                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
+        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
 
-                // Launch the settings activity.
-                Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
-                startActivity(settingsIntent);
-                break;
+        // Get new folder name string.
+        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-            case R.id.import_export:
-                // Launch the import/export activity.
-                Intent importExportIntent = new Intent (this, ImportExportActivity.class);
-                startActivity(importExportIntent);
-                break;
+        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
+        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
 
-            case R.id.logcat:
-                // Launch the logcat activity.
-                Intent logcatIntent = new Intent(this, LogcatActivity.class);
-                startActivity(logcatIntent);
-                break;
+        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
+        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
+            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
-            case R.id.guide:
-                // Launch `GuideActivity`.
-                Intent guideIntent = new Intent(this, GuideActivity.class);
-                startActivity(guideIntent);
-                break;
+            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
-            case R.id.about:
-                // Create an intent to launch the about activity.
-                Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
+            // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+        }
 
-                // Create a string array for the blocklist versions.
-                String[] blocklistVersions = new String[] {easyList.get(0).get(0)[0], easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0],
-                        ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0]};
+        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                // Add the blocklist versions to the intent.
-                aboutIntent.putExtra("blocklist_versions", blocklistVersions);
+        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                // Make it so.
-                startActivity(aboutIntent);
-                break;
+        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
+        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
+            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
         }
 
-        // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
 
-        // Close the navigation drawer.
-        drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-        return true;
-    }
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onPostCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onPostCreate(savedInstanceState);
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
 
-        // Sync the state of the DrawerToggle after the default `onRestoreInstanceState()` has finished.  This creates the navigation drawer icon.
-        actionBarDrawerToggle.syncState();
+        // Scroll to the new folder.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
+
+        // Store the bookmark strings.
+        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
 
-        // Get the status bar pixel size.
-        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
-        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
+        // Update the bookmark.
+        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
+        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-        // Get the resource density.
-        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-        // Recalculate the drawer header padding.
-        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if not in full screen mode.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free") && !inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
-            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
         }
 
-        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` should recalculate the number of action buttons from the menu to display on the app bar, but it doesn't because of the this bug:
-        // https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=20493#c8
-        // ActivityCompat.invalidateOptionsMenu(this);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View view, ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
-        // Store the hit test result.
-        final WebView.HitTestResult hitTestResult = currentWebView.getHitTestResult();
+    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
 
-        // Create the URL strings.
-        final String imageUrl;
-        final String linkUrl;
+        // Get the new folder name.
+        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-        // Get handles for the system managers.
-        final ClipboardManager clipboardManager = (ClipboardManager) getSystemService(CLIPBOARD_SERVICE);
-        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
+        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
+            // Update the name in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
+        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
+            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
 
-        // Remove the lint errors below that the clipboard manager might be null.
-        assert clipboardManager != null;
+            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
-        // Process the link according to the type.
-        switch (hitTestResult.getType()) {
-            // `SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE` is a link.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE:
-                // Get the target URL.
-                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
-                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
 
-                // Add a Load URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Add a new tab.
-                    addTab(null);
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                    // Load the URL.
-                    loadUrl(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                // Add an Open with App entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Update the folder icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
+            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
-                // Add a Copy URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Save the link URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), linkUrl);
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcAnchorTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
 
-                // Add a Download URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
-                        openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
-                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
-                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
-                            // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
-                            downloadUrl = linkUrl;
-                            downloadContentDisposition = "none";
-                            downloadContentLength = -1;
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
-                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
-                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
-                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                            }
-                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                            // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
-                            DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                            // Show the download file alert dialog.
-                            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                        }
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        }
 
-                // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.EMAIL_TYPE:
-                // Get the target URL.
-                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
 
-                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+    @Override
+    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
+        switch (downloadType) {
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
 
-                // Add a Write Email entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
-                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
+        }
+    }
 
-                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
-                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse("mailto:" + linkUrl));
+    @Override
+    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
+        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
 
-                    // `FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK` opens the email program in a new task instead as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+        switch (requestCode) {
+            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(emailIntent);
-                    return false;
-                });
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
 
-                // Add a Copy Email Address entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
+                // Reset the download variables.
+                downloadUrl = "";
+                downloadContentDisposition = "";
+                downloadContentLength = 0;
+                break;
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcEmailTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
 
-            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
-                // Get the image URL.
-                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+                // Reset the image URL variable.
+                downloadImageUrl = "";
+                break;
+        }
+    }
 
-                // Set the image URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
+    @Override
+    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
+        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
-                // Add a View Image entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Parse `imageUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
 
-                // Add a Download Image entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
-                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
-                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
-                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
-                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
-                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(imageUrl);
 
-                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
-                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
-                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
-                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                            }
-                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
-                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
 
-                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
-                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                        }
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
+            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                // Add a Copy URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcImageTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            }
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
 
-                // Add an Open with App entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
 
-                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
 
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+        }
+    }
 
-            // `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
-                // Get the image URL.
-                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+    @Override
+    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
+        // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
-                // Set the image URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
+            // Parse `downloadUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
 
-                // Add a `View Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
-                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
-                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
-                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
-                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(downloadUrl);
 
-                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
-                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
 
-                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
-                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
-                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
-                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                            }
-                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
-                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
+            String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
-                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                        }
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            }
 
-                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcImageAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageAnchorTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(downloadUrl);
 
-                // Add an Open with App entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
-                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
         }
     }
 
+    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and and the WebView.
     @Override
-    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
-        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+    public void onBackPressed() {
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout and the tab layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
 
-        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
-        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
-        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
+        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
+            // Close the navigation drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
+            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
+                // close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
+                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
-        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
-        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            }
+        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
+            // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+            currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+            // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+            currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
-        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Go back.
+            currentWebView.goBack();
+        } else if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There are at least two tabs.
+            // Close the current tab.
+            closeCurrentTab();
+        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
+            // Run the default commands.
+            super.onBackPressed();
 
-        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Manually kill Privacy Browser.  Otherwise, it is glitchy when restarted.
+            System.exit(0);
+        }
+    }
 
-        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
-        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
+    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
+    @Override
+    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
+        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            // Pass the file to the WebView.
+            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
+        }
+    }
 
-        // Create the bookmark.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
+    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
+        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
+        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
 
-        // Update the list view.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+        // Initialize the formatted URL string.
+        String url = "";
 
-        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
-        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
-    }
+        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
+        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {  // This is a Content URL.
+            // Load the entire content URL.
+            url = unformattedUrlString;
+        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://") ||
+                unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a standard URL.
+            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
+            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
+            }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
-        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
+            URL unformattedUrl = null;
 
-        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
-        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
-        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
-        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
+            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
+            try {
+                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
+            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
+                e.printStackTrace();
+            }
 
-        // Get new folder name string.
-        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
+            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
+            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
+            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
+            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
+            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
 
-        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
-        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+            // Build the URI.
+            Uri.Builder uri = new Uri.Builder();
+            uri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
 
-        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
-        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
-            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+            // Decode the URI as a UTF-8 string in.
+            try {
+                url = URLDecoder.decode(uri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                // Do nothing.  The formatted URL string will remain blank.
+            }
+        } else if (!unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // This is not a URL, but rather a search string.
+            // Create an encoded URL String.
+            String encodedUrlString;
 
-            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+            // Sanitize the search input.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
+            }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
-            // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            // Add the base search URL.
+            url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
         }
 
-        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
-
-        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
+        urlEditText.clearFocus();
 
-        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+        // Make it so.
+        loadUrl(url);
+    }
 
-        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
-        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
-            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
-        }
+    private void loadUrl(String url) {
+        // Sanitize the URL.
+        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
 
-        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
+        // Apply the domain settings.
+        applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, url, true, false);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Load the URL.
+        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
+    }
 
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(false);
+    }
 
-        // Scroll to the new folder.
-        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
+    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(true);
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
-        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
-        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
+    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
+        // Get a handle for the views.
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
-        // Store the bookmark strings.
-        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
-        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
+        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
 
-        // Update the bookmark.
-        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
-        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
-            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+        // Clear the highlighted phrases if the WebView is not null.
+        if (currentWebView != null) {
+            currentWebView.clearMatches();
+        }
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+        // Show the toolbar.
+        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
-        }
+        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-        // Update the list view.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+        // Hide the keyboard.
+        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(toolbar.getWindowToken(), 0);
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
-        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
-        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
-        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
+    private void applyAppSettings() {
+        // Initialize the app if this is the first run.  This is done here instead of in `onCreate()` to shorten the time that an unthemed background is displayed on app startup.
+        if (webViewDefaultUserAgent == null) {
+            initializeApp();
+        }
 
-        // Get the new folder name.
-        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
-        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
-            // Update the name in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
-        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
-            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
-            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
+        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
+        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
+        sanitizeGoogleAnalytics = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("google_analytics", true);
+        sanitizeFacebookClickIds = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("facebook_click_ids", true);
+        sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("twitter_amp_redirects", true);
+        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
+        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
+        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
+        scrollAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true);
 
-            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
-            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
-                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
+        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
+        assert actionBar != null;
 
-                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
-            }
+        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
+
+        // Set Do Not Track status.
+        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
+            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
+        } else {
+            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
+        }
+
+        // Get the current layout parameters.  Using coordinator layout parameters allows the `setBehavior()` command and using app bar layout parameters allows the `setScrollFlags()` command.
+        CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams swipeRefreshLayoutParams = (CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams) swipeRefreshLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams toolbarLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) toolbar.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams findOnPageLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) findOnPageLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams tabsLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) tabsLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+
+        // Add the scrolling behavior to the layout parameters.
+        if (scrollAppBar) {
+            // Enable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(new AppBarLayout.ScrollingViewBehavior());
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+        } else {
+            // Disable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(null);
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+
+            // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
+            appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
+        }
+
+        // Apply the modified layout parameters.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setLayoutParams(swipeRefreshLayoutParams);
+        toolbar.setLayoutParams(toolbarLayoutParams);
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(findOnPageLayoutParams);
+        tabsLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(tabsLayoutParams);
 
-            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-            // Update the folder icon in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
-        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
-            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
-            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
-            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
-                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+                // Set the app bar scrolling.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(scrollAppBar);
+            }
+        }
 
-                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
+        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
+            if (hideAppBar) {
+                // Hide the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+                // Hide the action bar.
+                actionBar.hide();
+            } else {
+                // Show the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+                // Show the action bar.
+                actionBar.show();
             }
 
-            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+            }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
+            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
 
-            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
-        }
+            // Show the tab linear layout.
+            tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Show the action bar.
+            actionBar.show();
 
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
-    }
+            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
+                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+            }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
-        switch (downloadType) {
-            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
-                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
-                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                break;
+            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
 
-            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
-                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
-                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                break;
+            // Add the translucent status flag.
+            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
         }
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
-        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
-        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
-
-        switch (requestCode) {
-            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
-                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
-                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
-
-                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
-                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
-                } else {
-                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                }
+    private void initializeApp() {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                // Reset the download variables.
-                downloadUrl = "";
-                downloadContentDisposition = "";
-                downloadContentLength = 0;
-                break;
+        // Get the theme preference.
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
-                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
-                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
+        // Get a handle for the input method.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
-                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
-                } else {
-                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                }
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-                // Reset the image URL variable.
-                downloadImageUrl = "";
-                break;
-        }
-    }
+        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
+        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
+        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
 
-    @Override
-    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
-        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
-            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
-            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
+        // Get handles for the URL views.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
 
-            // Parse `imageUrl`.
-            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
+        // Remove the formatting from the URL edit text when the user is editing the text.
+        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
+            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
+                // Remove the highlighting.
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
+            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
+                // Move to the beginning of the string.
+                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
 
-            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
-            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+                // Reapply the highlighting.
+                highlightUrlText();
+            }
+        });
 
-            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
-            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
-            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
-                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
-                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(imageUrl);
+        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
+        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
+            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
+                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
+                loadUrlFromTextBox();
 
-                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
-                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {
+                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
+                return false;
             }
+        });
 
-            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
-            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
-            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Initialize the Orbot status and the waiting for Orbot trackers.
+        orbotStatus = "unknown";
+        waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-            // Specify the download location.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
-                // Download to the public download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
-            } else {  // External write permission denied.
-                // Download to the app's external download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
-            }
+        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
+        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
+            @Override
+            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
+                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
+                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
 
-            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
-            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
+                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
+                    // Reset the waiting for Orbot status.
+                    waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
-            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
+                    // Get the intent that started the app.
+                    Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
 
-            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
-            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+                    // Get the information from the intent.
+                    String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
+                    Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
 
-            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
-            assert downloadManager != null;
+                    // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+                    if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
+                        // Create an encoded URL string.
+                        String encodedUrlString;
 
-            // Initiate the download.
-            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
-        } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
-        }
-    }
+                        // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                        try {
+                            encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                            encodedUrlString = "";
+                        }
+
+                        // Load the completed search URL.
+                        loadUrl(searchURL + encodedUrlString);
+                    } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
+                        // Load the URL from the intent.
+                        loadUrl(launchingIntentUriData.toString());
+                    } else {  // The is no URL in the intent.
+                        // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                            // Load the Tor homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                        } else {
+                            // Load the normal homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
+            }
+        };
 
-    @Override
-    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
-        // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-        if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
-            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
-            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
+        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
+        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
 
-            // Parse `downloadUrl`.
-            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
+        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
-            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
-            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
+        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
 
-            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
-            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
-            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
-                // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
-                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(downloadUrl);
+        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
+        Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
+        MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(2);
+        MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
+        MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
+        MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
 
-                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
-                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
+        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
+                // Do nothing.
             }
 
-            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
-            EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
-            String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
-
-            // Specify the download location.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
-                // Download to the public download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
-            } else {  // External write permission denied.
-                // Download to the app's external download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
-            }
+            @Override
+            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
+                // Close the find on page bar if it is open.
+                closeFindOnPage(null);
 
-            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
-            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(position);
 
-            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
-            downloadRequest.setDescription(downloadUrl);
+                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager or by creating a new tab.
+                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
+                    // Create a handler to select the tab.
+                    Handler selectTabHandler = new Handler();
 
-            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
-            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+                    // Create a runnable to select the tab.
+                    Runnable selectTabRunnable = () -> {
+                        // Get a handle for the tab.
+                        TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
 
-            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
-            assert downloadManager != null;
+                        // Assert that the tab is not null.
+                        assert tab != null;
 
-            // Initiate the download.
-            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
-        } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
-        }
-    }
+                        // Select the tab.
+                        tab.select();
+                    };
 
-    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and and the WebView.
-    @Override
-    public void onBackPressed() {
-        // Get a handle for the drawer layout and the tab layout.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+                    // Select the tab layout after 150 milliseconds, which leaves enough time for a new tab to be inflated.
+                    selectTabHandler.postDelayed(selectTabRunnable, 150);
+                }
+            }
 
-        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
-            // Close the navigation drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
-            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
-                // close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
-                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+        });
 
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
+        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
+        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Select the same page in the view pager.
+                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
             }
-        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
-            // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
-            currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-            // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-            currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
+            @Override
+            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-            // Go back.
-            currentWebView.goBack();
-        } else if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There are at least two tabs.
-            // Close the current tab.
-            closeCurrentTab();
-        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
-            // Run the default commands.
-            super.onBackPressed();
+            @Override
+            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = ViewSslCertificateDialog.displayDialog(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-            // Manually kill Privacy Browser.  Otherwise, it is glitchy when restarted.
-            System.exit(0);
-        }
-    }
+                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
+            }
+        });
 
-    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
-    @Override
-    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
-        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-            // Pass the file to the WebView.
-            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
+        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
+        // The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21 and and `getResources().getColor()` must be used until the minimum API >= 23.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
+        } else {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
         }
-    }
-
-    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
-        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
-        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
 
-        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
-        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
+        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
+        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
+            Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon();
 
-        // Initialize the formatted URL string.
-        String url = "";
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
-        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {  // This is a Content URL.
-            // Load the entire content URL.
-            url = unformattedUrlString;
-        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://") ||
-                unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a standard URL.
-            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
-            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
-                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
-            }
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
-            URL unformattedUrl = null;
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
-            try {
-                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
-            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
-                e.printStackTrace();
-            }
+            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
+            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
 
-            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
-            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
-            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
-            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
-            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
-            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
+            // Add the extra information to the intent.
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_title", currentWebView.getTitle());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("favorite_icon_byte_array", favoriteIconByteArray);
 
-            // Build the URI.
-            Uri.Builder uri = new Uri.Builder();
-            uri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
+            // Make it so.
+            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
+        });
 
-            // Decode the URI as a UTF-8 string in.
-            try {
-                url = URLDecoder.decode(uri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                // Do nothing.  The formatted URL string will remain blank.
-            }
-        } else if (!unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // This is not a URL, but rather a search string.
-            // Create an encoded URL String.
-            String encodedUrlString;
+        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Create a create bookmark folder dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.createBookmarkFolder(currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-            // Sanitize the search input.
-            try {
-                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                encodedUrlString = "";
-            }
+            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog.
+            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_folder));
+        });
 
-            // Add the base search URL.
-            url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-        }
+        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
+            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
-        urlEditText.clearFocus();
+            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
+            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
+        });
 
-        // Make it so.
-        loadUrl(url);
-    }
+        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
+        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
+            @Override
+            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-    private void loadUrl(String url) {
-        // Apply the domain settings.
-        applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, url, true, false);
+            @Override
+            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-        // Load the URL.
-        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
-    }
+            @Override
+            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
+                // Search for the text in the WebView if it is not null.  Sometimes on resume after a period of non-use the WebView will be null.
+                if (currentWebView != null) {
+                    currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
+                }
+            }
+        });
 
-    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
-        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
-        currentWebView.findNext(false);
-    }
+        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
+        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
+                // Hide the soft keyboard.
+                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
 
-    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
-        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
-        currentWebView.findNext(true);
-    }
+                // Consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
+                // Do not consume the event.
+                return false;
+            }
+        });
 
-    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
-        // Get a handle for the views.
-        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
-        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
-        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+        // Implement swipe to refresh.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
 
-        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
-        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
+        // Store the default progress view offsets for use later in `initializeWebView()`.
+        defaultProgressViewStartOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset();
+        defaultProgressViewEndOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset();
 
-        // Clear the highlighted phrases if the WebView is not null.
-        if (currentWebView != null) {
-            currentWebView.clearMatches();
+        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
+        } else {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
         }
 
-        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
-        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
 
-        // Show the toolbar.
-        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
-        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
-        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
+        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
 
-        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
-        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
+        loadBookmarksFolder();
 
-        // Hide the keyboard.
-        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
-    }
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
+            int databaseID = (int) id;
 
-    private void applyAppSettings() {
-        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
+            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
+            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
 
-        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
-        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
-        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
-        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
-        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
-        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
-        scrollAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true);
+            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
+            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
+                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
 
-        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
-        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
-        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
-        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
-        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
-        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
-        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
-        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
+                // Load the bookmark URL.
+                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
 
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
-        assert actionBar != null;
+                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
 
-        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
-        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
+            // Close the `Cursor`.
+            bookmarkCursor.close();
+        });
 
-        // Set Do Not Track status.
-        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
-            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
-        } else {
-            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
-        }
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
+            int databaseId = (int) id;
 
-        // Get the current layout parameters.  Using coordinator layout parameters allows the `setBehavior()` command and using app bar layout parameters allows the `setScrollFlags()` command.
-        CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams swipeRefreshLayoutParams = (CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams) swipeRefreshLayout.getLayoutParams();
-        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams toolbarLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) toolbar.getLayoutParams();
-        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams findOnPageLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) findOnPageLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
-        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams tabsLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) tabsLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
+            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
 
-        // Add the scrolling behavior to the layout parameters.
-        if (scrollAppBar) {
-            // Enable scrolling of the app bar.
-            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(new AppBarLayout.ScrollingViewBehavior());
-            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
-            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
-            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
-        } else {
-            // Disable scrolling of the app bar.
-            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(null);
-            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
-            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
-            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            if (isFolder) {
+                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
+                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
 
-            // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
-            appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
-        }
+                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_folder));
+            } else {
+                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
+            }
 
-        // Apply the modified layout parameters.
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setLayoutParams(swipeRefreshLayoutParams);
-        toolbar.setLayoutParams(toolbarLayoutParams);
-        findOnPageLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(findOnPageLayoutParams);
-        tabsLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(tabsLayoutParams);
+            // Consume the event.
+            return true;
+        });
 
-        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
-        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
 
-            // Get the fragment view.
-            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
 
-            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
-            if (fragmentView != null) {
-                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
 
-                // Set the app bar scrolling.
-                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(scrollAppBar);
+        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
+        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
             }
-        }
-
-        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
-        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
-            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
-            if (hideAppBar) {
-                // Hide the tab linear layout.
-                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
-
-                // Hide the action bar.
-                actionBar.hide();
-            } else {
-                // Show the tab linear layout.
-                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-                // Show the action bar.
-                actionBar.show();
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
             }
 
-            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
-            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
             }
 
-            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
-            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-
-            /* Hide the system bars.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-             */
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
-                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
-            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
-            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
+                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
+                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
+                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
+                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
 
-            // Show the tab linear layout.
-            tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
 
-            // Show the action bar.
-            actionBar.show();
+                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
 
-            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
-            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
-                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+                    // Update the navigation menu items if the WebView is not null.
+                    if (currentWebView != null) {
+                        navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoBack());
+                        navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoForward());
+                        navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((currentWebView.canGoBack() || currentWebView.canGoForward()));
+                        navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+
+                        // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
+                        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+                    }
+
+                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
+                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
+                    currentWebView.clearFocus();
+                }
             }
+        });
 
-            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
+        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
 
-            // Add the translucent status flag.
-            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-        }
-    }
+        // Inflate a bare WebView to get the default user agent.  It is not used to render content on the screen.
+        @SuppressLint("InflateParams") View webViewLayout = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bare_webview, null, false);
+
+        // Get a handle for the WebView.
+        WebView bareWebView = webViewLayout.findViewById(R.id.bare_webview);
+
+        // Store the default user agent.
+        webViewDefaultUserAgent = bareWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
+        // Destroy the bare WebView.
+        bareWebView.destroy();
+    }
 
     // `reloadWebsite` is used if returning from the Domains activity.  Otherwise JavaScript might not function correctly if it is newly enabled.
     @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
@@ -3451,8 +3226,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             newHostName = "";
         }
 
-        // Only apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
-        if (!nestedScrollWebView.getCurrentDomainName().equals(newHostName)) {
+        // Apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded or if the new domain is blank.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
+        if (!nestedScrollWebView.getCurrentDomainName().equals(newHostName) || newHostName.equals("")) {
             // Set the new host name as the current domain name.
             nestedScrollWebView.setCurrentDomainName(newHostName);
 
@@ -3558,8 +3333,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             String defaultFontSizeString = sharedPreferences.getString("font_size", getString(R.string.font_size_default_value));
             String defaultUserAgentName = sharedPreferences.getString("user_agent", getString(R.string.user_agent_default_value));
             boolean defaultSwipeToRefresh = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("swipe_to_refresh", true);
-            boolean displayWebpageImages = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
             boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+            boolean wideViewport = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("wide_viewport", true);
+            boolean displayWebpageImages = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
 
             // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
             CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
@@ -3601,6 +3377,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 int fontSize = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.FONT_SIZE));
                 int swipeToRefreshInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH));
                 int nightModeInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE));
+                int wideViewportInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.WIDE_VIEWPORT));
                 int displayWebpageImagesInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_IMAGES));
                 boolean pinnedSslCertificate = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_SSL_CERTIFICATE)) == 1);
                 String pinnedSslIssuedToCName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_COMMON_NAME));
@@ -3643,17 +3420,17 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Set night mode according to the night mode int.
                 switch (nightModeInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
                         // Set night mode according to the current default.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false));
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_ENABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
                         // Enable night mode.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_DISABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
                         // Disable night mode.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(false);
                         break;
@@ -3691,59 +3468,55 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(fontSize);
                 }
 
-                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.
-                // <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
-                if (nestedScrollWebView.getProgress() == 100) {  // A URL is not loading.
-                    // Set the user agent.
-                    if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
-                        // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
-                        int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
-
-                        // Set the user agent according to the system default.
-                        switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
-                            case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
-                                // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the default custom user agent.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
-                                break;
-
-                            default:
-                                // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
-                        }
-                    } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
-                        // Get the array position of the user agent name.
-                        int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
-
-                        switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
-                            case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                                break;
-
-                            default:
-                                // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
-                        }
+                // Set the user agent.
+                if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
+                    // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
+                    int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
+
+                    // Set the user agent according to the system default.
+                    switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the default custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                            break;
+
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
+                    }
+                } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
+                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
+
+                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
+
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
                     }
                 }
 
                 // Set swipe to refresh.
                 switch (swipeToRefreshInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
                         // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
 
@@ -3751,7 +3524,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_ENABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
                         // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(true);
 
@@ -3759,7 +3532,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_DISABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
                         // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(false);
 
@@ -3767,17 +3540,32 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
                 }
 
+                // Set the viewport.
+                switch (wideViewportInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(wideViewport);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
+                        break;
+                }
+
                 // Set the loading of webpage images.
                 switch (displayWebpageImagesInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_ENABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_DISABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
                         break;
                 }
@@ -3835,35 +3623,34 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(nestedScrollWebView, defaultThirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
                 }
 
-                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.
-                // <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
-                if (nestedScrollWebView.getProgress() == 100) {  // A URL is not loading.
-                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
-                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
+                // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
 
-                    // Set the user agent.
-                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
-                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
-                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
-                            break;
+                // Set the user agent.
+                switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                    case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                        // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                        break;
 
-                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                            break;
+                    case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                        // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                        break;
 
-                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
-                            // Set the default custom user agent.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
-                            break;
+                    case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                        // Set the default custom user agent.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                        break;
 
-                        default:
-                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
-                    }
+                    default:
+                        // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
                 }
 
+                // Set the viewport.
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(wideViewport);
+
                 // Set the loading of webpage images.
                 nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
 
@@ -4207,7 +3994,66 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         startActivity(openWithBrowserIntent);
     }
 
+    private String sanitizeUrl(String url) {
+        // Sanitize Google Analytics.
+        if (sanitizeGoogleAnalytics) {
+            // Remove `?utm_`.
+            if (url.contains("?utm_")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?utm_"));
+            }
+
+            // Remove `&utm_`.
+            if (url.contains("&utm_")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("&utm_"));
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Sanitize Facebook Click IDs.
+        if (sanitizeFacebookClickIds) {
+            // Remove `?fbclid=`.
+            if (url.contains("?fbclid=")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?fbclid="));
+            }
+
+            // Remove `&fbclid=`.
+            if (url.contains("&fbclid=")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("&fbclid="));
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Sanitize Twitter AMP redirects.
+        if (sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects) {
+            // Remove `?amp=1`.
+            if (url.contains("?amp=1")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?amp=1"));
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Return the sanitized URL.
+        return url;
+    }
+
+    public void finishedPopulatingBlocklists(ArrayList<ArrayList<List<String[]>>> combinedBlocklists) {
+        // Store the blocklists.
+        easyList = combinedBlocklists.get(0);
+        easyPrivacy = combinedBlocklists.get(1);
+        fanboysAnnoyanceList = combinedBlocklists.get(2);
+        fanboysSocialList = combinedBlocklists.get(3);
+        ultraPrivacy = combinedBlocklists.get(4);
+
+        // Add the first tab.
+        addNewTab("");
+    }
+
     public void addTab(View view) {
+        // Add a new tab with a blank URL.
+        addNewTab("");
+    }
+
+    private void addNewTab(String url) {
+        // Sanitize the URL.
+        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
+
         // Get a handle for the tab layout and the view pager.
         TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
         ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
@@ -4228,7 +4074,20 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         newTab.setCustomView(R.layout.tab_custom_view);
 
         // Add the new WebView page.
-        webViewPagerAdapter.addPage(newTabNumber, webViewPager);
+        webViewPagerAdapter.addPage(newTabNumber, webViewPager, url);
+    }
+
+    public void closeTab(View view) {
+        // Get a handle for the tab layout.
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+
+        // Run the command according to the number of tabs.
+        if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There is more than one tab open.
+            // Close the current tab.
+            closeCurrentTab();
+        } else {  // There is only one tab open.
+            clearAndExit();
+        }
     }
 
     private void closeCurrentTab() {
@@ -4252,6 +4111,183 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
     }
 
+    private void clearAndExit() {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
+        bookmarksCursor.close();
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
+
+        // Get the status of the clear everything preference.
+        boolean clearEverything = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_everything", true);
+
+        // Get a handle for the runtime.
+        Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+
+        // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`,
+        // which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+        String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
+        // Clear cookies.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cookies", true)) {
+            // The command to remove cookies changed slightly in API 21.
+            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookies(null);
+            } else {
+                CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookie();
+            }
+
+            // Manually delete the cookies database, as `CookieManager` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // Two commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                Process deleteCookiesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies");
+                Process deleteCookiesJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies-journal");
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteCookiesProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteCookiesJournalProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear DOM storage.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_dom_storage", true)) {
+            // Ask `WebStorage` to clear the DOM storage.
+            WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
+            webStorage.deleteAllData();
+
+            // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories, as `WebStorage` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
+
+                // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+                Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
+                Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
+                Process deleteDatabaseProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteDatabaseProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear form data if the API < 26.
+        if ((Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) && (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_form_data", true))) {
+            WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
+            webViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+
+            // Manually delete the form data database, as `WebViewDatabase` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // A string array must be used because the database contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not otherwise escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteWebDataProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data"});
+                Process deleteWebDataJournalProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data-journal"});
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteWebDataProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteWebDataJournalProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear the cache.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cache", true)) {
+            // Clear the cache from each WebView.
+            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+
+                // Get the fragment view.
+                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+
+                // Only clear the cache if the WebView exists.
+                if (fragmentView != null) {
+                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+
+                    // Clear the cache for this WebView.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.clearCache(true);
+                }
+            }
+
+            // Manually delete the cache directories.
+            try {
+                // Delete the main cache directory.
+                Process deleteCacheProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
+
+                // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
+                // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteServiceWorkerProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteCacheProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteServiceWorkerProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Wipe out each WebView.
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+
+            // Only wipe out the WebView if it exists.
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+
+                // Clear SSL certificate preferences for this WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.clearSslPreferences();
+
+                // Clear the back/forward history for this WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.clearHistory();
+
+                // Destroy the internal state of `mainWebView`.
+                nestedScrollWebView.destroy();
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear the custom headers.
+        customHeaders.clear();
+
+        // Manually delete the `app_webview` folder, which contains the cookies, DOM storage, form data, and `Service Worker` cache.
+        // See `https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=233826&thanks=233826&ts=1486670530`.
+        if (clearEverything) {
+            try {
+                // Delete the folder.
+                Process deleteAppWebviewProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview");
+
+                // Wait until the process has finished.
+                deleteAppWebviewProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Close Privacy Browser.  `finishAndRemoveTask` also removes Privacy Browser from the recent app list.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            finishAndRemoveTask();
+        } else {
+            finish();
+        }
+
+        // Remove the terminated program from RAM.  The status code is `0`.
+        System.exit(0);
+    }
+
     private void setCurrentWebView(int pageNumber) {
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
@@ -4264,7 +4300,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
         SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-        //Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
+        // Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
         swipeRefreshLayout.setRefreshing(false);
 
         // Get the WebView tab fragment.
@@ -4274,19 +4310,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
         // Set the current WebView if the fragment view is not null.
-        if (fragmentView != null) {
+        if (fragmentView != null) {  // The fragment has been populated.
             // Store the current WebView.
             currentWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
             // Update the status of swipe to refresh.
             if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) {  // For API >= 23, swipe refresh layout is continuously updated with an on scroll change listener and only enabled if the WebView is scrolled to the top.
-                    // Enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled all the way to the top.
-                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
-                } else {
-                    // Enable the swipe refresh layout.
-                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
-                }
+                // Enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled all the way to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
             } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
                 // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
                 swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
@@ -4350,11 +4381,23 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             } else {
                 urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
             }
+        } else {  // The fragment has not been populated.  Try again in 100 milliseconds.
+            // Create a handler to set the current WebView.
+            Handler setCurrentWebViewHandler = new Handler();
+
+            // Create a runnable to set the current WebView.
+            Runnable setCurrentWebWebRunnable = () -> {
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(pageNumber);
+            };
+
+            // Try setting the current WebView again after 100 milliseconds.
+            setCurrentWebViewHandler.postDelayed(setCurrentWebWebRunnable, 100);
         }
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void initializeWebView(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, int pageNumber, ProgressBar progressBar) {
+    public void initializeWebView(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, int pageNumber, ProgressBar progressBar, String url) {
         // Get handles for the activity views.
         FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
         DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
@@ -4375,7 +4418,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
         // Instantiate the blocklist helper.
-        BlockListHelper blockListHelper = new BlockListHelper();
+        BlocklistHelper blocklistHelper = new BlocklistHelper();
 
         // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
         assert inputMethodManager != null;
@@ -4383,9 +4426,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Get the relevant preferences.
-        boolean downloadWithExternalApp = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false);
-
         // Initialize the favorite icon.
         nestedScrollWebView.initializeFavoriteIcon();
 
@@ -4403,9 +4443,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setMixedContentMode(WebSettings.MIXED_CONTENT_NEVER_ALLOW);
         }
 
-        // Set the WebView to use a wide viewport.  Otherwise, some web pages will be scrunched and some content will render outside the screen.
-        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
-
         // Set the WebView to load in overview mode (zoomed out to the maximum width).
         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadWithOverviewMode(true);
 
@@ -4507,14 +4544,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         registerForContextMenu(nestedScrollWebView);
 
         // Allow the downloading of files.
-        nestedScrollWebView.setDownloadListener((String url, String userAgent, String contentDisposition, String mimetype, long contentLength) -> {
+        nestedScrollWebView.setDownloadListener((String downloadUrl, String userAgent, String contentDisposition, String mimetype, long contentLength) -> {
             // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-            if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
                 // Create a download intent.  Not specifying the action type will display the maximum number of options.
                 Intent downloadIntent = new Intent();
 
                 // Set the URI and the MIME type.  Specifying `text/html` displays a good number of options.
-                downloadIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(url), "text/html");
+                downloadIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(downloadUrl), "text/html");
 
                 // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
                 downloadIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
@@ -4527,7 +4564,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
 
                     // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
-                    downloadUrl = url;
+                    this.downloadUrl = downloadUrl;
                     downloadContentDisposition = contentDisposition;
                     downloadContentLength = contentLength;
 
@@ -4544,7 +4581,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     }
                 } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
                     // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
-                    DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(url, contentDisposition, contentLength);
+                    DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, contentDisposition, contentLength);
 
                     // Show the download file alert dialog.
                     downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
@@ -4686,8 +4723,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Get the title text view from the tab.
                     TextView tabTitleTextView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
 
-                    // Set the title as the tab text.
-                    tabTitleTextView.setText(title);
+                    // Set the title according to the URL.
+                    if (title.equals("about:blank")) {
+                        // Set the title to indicate a new tab.
+                        tabTitleTextView.setText(R.string.new_tab);
+                    } else {
+                        // Set the title as the tab text.
+                        tabTitleTextView.setText(title);
+                    }
                 }
             }
 
@@ -4823,6 +4866,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // The deprecated `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` must be used until API >= 24.
             @Override
             public boolean shouldOverrideUrlLoading(WebView view, String url) {
+                // Sanitize the url.
+                url = sanitizeUrl(url);
+
                 if (url.startsWith("http")) {  // Load the URL in Privacy Browser.
                     // Apply the domain settings for the new URL.  This doesn't do anything if the domain has not changed.
                     boolean userAgentChanged = applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, url, true, false);
@@ -4896,6 +4942,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Check requests against the block lists.  The deprecated `shouldInterceptRequest()` must be used until minimum API >= 21.
             @Override
             public WebResourceResponse shouldInterceptRequest(WebView view, String url) {
+                // Sanitize the URL.
+                url = sanitizeUrl(url);
+
                 // Get a handle for the navigation view.
                 NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
 
@@ -4903,7 +4952,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
 
                 // Get a handle for the navigation requests menu item.  The menu is 0 based.
-                MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(6);
+                MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
 
                 // Create an empty web resource response to be used if the resource request is blocked.
                 WebResourceResponse emptyWebResourceResponse = new WebResourceResponse("text/plain", "utf8", new ByteArrayInputStream("".getBytes()));
@@ -4956,7 +5005,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Block third-party requests if enabled.
                 if (isThirdPartyRequest && nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS)) {
                     // Add the result to the resource requests.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[]{BlockListHelper.REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY, url});
+                    nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[]{BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY, url});
 
                     // Increment the blocked requests counters.
                     nestedScrollWebView.incrementRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS);
@@ -4985,10 +5034,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check UltraPrivacy if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY)) {
                     // Check the URL against UltraPrivacy.
-                    String[] ultraPrivacyResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, ultraPrivacy);
+                    String[] ultraPrivacyResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, ultraPrivacy);
 
                     // Process the UltraPrivacy results.
-                    if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's blacklist.
+                    if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {ultraPrivacyResults[0], ultraPrivacyResults[1], ultraPrivacyResults[2], ultraPrivacyResults[3], ultraPrivacyResults[4],
                                 ultraPrivacyResults[5]});
@@ -5014,7 +5063,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's whitelist.
+                    } else if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's whitelist.
                         // Add a whitelist entry to the resource requests array.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {ultraPrivacyResults[0], ultraPrivacyResults[1], ultraPrivacyResults[2], ultraPrivacyResults[3], ultraPrivacyResults[4],
                                 ultraPrivacyResults[5]});
@@ -5027,10 +5076,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check EasyList if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST)) {
                     // Check the URL against EasyList.
-                    String[] easyListResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyList);
+                    String[] easyListResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyList);
 
                     // Process the EasyList results.
-                    if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's blacklist.
+                    if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {easyListResults[0], easyListResults[1], easyListResults[2], easyListResults[3], easyListResults[4], easyListResults[5]});
 
@@ -5055,7 +5104,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's whitelist.
+                    } else if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's whitelist.
                         // Update the whitelist result string array tracker.
                         whitelistResultStringArray = new String[] {easyListResults[0], easyListResults[1], easyListResults[2], easyListResults[3], easyListResults[4], easyListResults[5]};
                     }
@@ -5064,10 +5113,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check EasyPrivacy if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY)) {
                     // Check the URL against EasyPrivacy.
-                    String[] easyPrivacyResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyPrivacy);
+                    String[] easyPrivacyResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyPrivacy);
 
                     // Process the EasyPrivacy results.
-                    if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's blacklist.
+                    if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {easyPrivacyResults[0], easyPrivacyResults[1], easyPrivacyResults[2], easyPrivacyResults[3], easyPrivacyResults[4],
                                 easyPrivacyResults[5]});
@@ -5093,7 +5142,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's whitelist.
+                    } else if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's whitelist.
                         // Update the whitelist result string array tracker.
                         whitelistResultStringArray = new String[] {easyPrivacyResults[0], easyPrivacyResults[1], easyPrivacyResults[2], easyPrivacyResults[3], easyPrivacyResults[4], easyPrivacyResults[5]};
                     }
@@ -5102,10 +5151,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check Fanboy’s Annoyance List if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST)) {
                     // Check the URL against Fanboy's Annoyance List.
-                    String[] fanboysAnnoyanceListResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysAnnoyanceList);
+                    String[] fanboysAnnoyanceListResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysAnnoyanceList);
 
                     // Process the Fanboy's Annoyance List results.
-                    if (fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Annoyance List's blacklist.
+                    if (fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Annoyance List's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[1], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[2], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[3],
                                 fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[4], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[5]});
@@ -5132,17 +5181,17 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)){  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Annoyance List's whitelist.
+                    } else if (fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)){  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Annoyance List's whitelist.
                         // Update the whitelist result string array tracker.
                         whitelistResultStringArray = new String[] {fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[1], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[2], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[3],
                                 fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[4], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[5]};
                     }
                 } else if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST)) {  // Only check Fanboy’s Social Blocking List if Fanboy’s Annoyance List is disabled.
                     // Check the URL against Fanboy's Annoyance List.
-                    String[] fanboysSocialListResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysSocialList);
+                    String[] fanboysSocialListResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysSocialList);
 
                     // Process the Fanboy's Social Blocking List results.
-                    if (fanboysSocialListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Social Blocking List's blacklist.
+                    if (fanboysSocialListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Social Blocking List's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {fanboysSocialListResults[0], fanboysSocialListResults[1], fanboysSocialListResults[2], fanboysSocialListResults[3],
                                 fanboysSocialListResults[4], fanboysSocialListResults[5]});
@@ -5169,7 +5218,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (fanboysSocialListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Social Blocking List's whitelist.
+                    } else if (fanboysSocialListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Social Blocking List's whitelist.
                         // Update the whitelist result string array tracker.
                         whitelistResultStringArray = new String[] {fanboysSocialListResults[0], fanboysSocialListResults[1], fanboysSocialListResults[2], fanboysSocialListResults[3],
                                 fanboysSocialListResults[4], fanboysSocialListResults[5]};
@@ -5180,7 +5229,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 if (whitelistResultStringArray != null) {  // The request was processed by a whitelist.
                     nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(whitelistResultStringArray);
                 } else {  // The request didn't match any blocklist entry.  Log it as a default request.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[]{BlockListHelper.REQUEST_DEFAULT, url});
+                    nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[]{BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_DEFAULT, url});
                 }
 
                 // The resource request has not been blocked.  `return null` loads the requested resource.
@@ -5283,7 +5332,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         }
                     }
 
-                    // Replace Refresh with Stop if the options menu has been created.  (The WebView typically begins loading before the menu items are instantiated.)
+                    // Replace Refresh with Stop if the options menu has been created.  (The first WebView typically begins loading before the menu items are instantiated.)
                     if (optionsMenu != null) {
                         // Get a handle for the refresh menu item.
                         MenuItem refreshMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
@@ -5308,12 +5357,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             @Override
             public void onPageFinished(WebView view, String url) {
-                // Reset the wide view port if it has been turned off by the waiting for Orbot message.
-                if (!waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Only use a wide view port if the URL starts with `http`, not for `file://` and `content://`.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(url.startsWith("http"));
-                }
-
                 // Flush any cookies to persistent storage.  The cookie manager has become very lazy about flushing cookies in recent versions.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies() && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
                     CookieManager.getInstance().flush();
@@ -5380,6 +5423,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Get the current URL from the nested scroll WebView.  This is more accurate than using the URL passed into the method, which is sometimes not the final one.
                     String currentUrl = nestedScrollWebView.getUrl();
 
+                    // Get the current tab.
+                    TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(currentPagePosition);
+
                     // Update the URL text bar if the page is currently selected and the user is not currently typing in the URL edit text.
                     // Crash records show that, in some crazy way, it is possible for the current URL to be blank at this point.
                     // Probably some sort of race condition when Privacy Browser is being resumed.
@@ -5395,36 +5441,45 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             // Display the keyboard.
                             inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlEditText, 0);
 
-                            // Hide the WebView, which causes the default background color to be displayed according to the theme.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
-
                             // Apply the domain settings.  This clears any settings from the previous domain.
                             applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, "", true, false);
+
+                            // Only populate the title text view if the tab has been fully created.
+                            if (tab != null) {
+                                // Get the custom view from the tab.
+                                View tabView = tab.getCustomView();
+
+                                // Remove the incorrect warning below that the current tab view might be null.
+                                assert tabView != null;
+
+                                // Get the title text view from the tab.
+                                TextView tabTitleTextView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
+
+                                // Set the title as the tab text.
+                                tabTitleTextView.setText(R.string.new_tab);
+                            }
                         } else {  // The WebView has loaded a webpage.
                             // Display the final URL.  Getting the URL from the WebView instead of using the one provided by `onPageFinished()` makes websites like YouTube function correctly.
                             urlEditText.setText(currentUrl);
 
                             // Apply text highlighting to the URL.
                             highlightUrlText();
-                        }
-                    }
-
-                    // Get the current tab.
-                    TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(currentPagePosition);
 
-                    // Only populate the title text view if the tab has been fully created.
-                    if (tab != null) {
-                        // Get the custom view from the tab.
-                        View tabView = tab.getCustomView();
+                            // Only populate the title text view if the tab has been fully created.
+                            if (tab != null) {
+                                // Get the custom view from the tab.
+                                View tabView = tab.getCustomView();
 
-                        // Remove the incorrect warning below that the current tab view might be null.
-                        assert tabView != null;
+                                // Remove the incorrect warning below that the current tab view might be null.
+                                assert tabView != null;
 
-                        // Get the title text view from the tab.
-                        TextView tabTitleTextView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
+                                // Get the title text view from the tab.
+                                TextView tabTitleTextView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
 
-                        // Set the title as the tab text.  Sometimes `onReceivedTitle()` is not called, especially when navigating history.
-                        tabTitleTextView.setText(nestedScrollWebView.getTitle());
+                                // Set the title as the tab text.  Sometimes `onReceivedTitle()` is not called, especially when navigating history.
+                                tabTitleTextView.setText(nestedScrollWebView.getTitle());
+                            }
+                        }
                     }
                 }
             }
@@ -5521,6 +5576,30 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     }
                 }
             }
+        } else {  // This is not the first tab.
+            // Apply the domain settings.
+            applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, url, false, false);
+
+            // Load the URL.
+            nestedScrollWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
+
+            // Set the focus and display the keyboard if the URL is blank.
+            if (url.equals("")) {
+                // Request focus for the URL text box.
+                urlEditText.requestFocus();
+
+                // Create a display keyboard handler.
+                Handler displayKeyboardHandler = new Handler();
+
+                // Create a display keyboard runnable.
+                Runnable displayKeyboardRunnable = () -> {
+                    // Display the keyboard.
+                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlEditText, 0);
+                };
+
+                // Display the keyboard after 100 milliseconds, which leaves enough time for the tab to transition.
+                displayKeyboardHandler.postDelayed(displayKeyboardRunnable, 100);
+            }
         }
     }
 }
\ No newline at end of file