Speed up the initial loading of Privacy Browser.
[PrivacyBrowser.git] / app / src / main / java / com / stoutner / privacybrowser / activities / MainWebViewActivity.java
index 868b6d7..895f20a 100644 (file)
@@ -24,7 +24,6 @@ package com.stoutner.privacybrowser.activities;
 import android.Manifest;
 import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
 import android.app.Activity;
-import android.app.DialogFragment;
 import android.app.DownloadManager;
 import android.app.SearchManager;
 import android.content.ActivityNotFoundException;
@@ -37,7 +36,6 @@ import android.content.IntentFilter;
 import android.content.SharedPreferences;
 import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
 import android.content.res.Configuration;
-import android.content.res.Resources;
 import android.database.Cursor;
 import android.graphics.Bitmap;
 import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
@@ -47,7 +45,6 @@ import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
 import android.net.Uri;
 import android.net.http.SslCertificate;
 import android.net.http.SslError;
-import android.os.AsyncTask;
 import android.os.Build;
 import android.os.Bundle;
 import android.os.Environment;
@@ -55,26 +52,6 @@ import android.os.Handler;
 import android.preference.PreferenceManager;
 import android.print.PrintDocumentAdapter;
 import android.print.PrintManager;
-import android.support.annotation.NonNull;
-import android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout;
-import android.support.design.widget.FloatingActionButton;
-import android.support.design.widget.NavigationView;
-import android.support.design.widget.Snackbar;
-import android.support.v4.app.ActivityCompat;
-import android.support.v4.app.FragmentManager;
-import android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
-// `ShortcutInfoCompat`, `ShortcutManagerCompat`, and `IconCompat` can be switched to the non-compat version once API >= 26.
-import android.support.v4.content.pm.ShortcutInfoCompat;
-import android.support.v4.content.pm.ShortcutManagerCompat;
-import android.support.v4.graphics.drawable.IconCompat;
-import android.support.v4.view.GravityCompat;
-import android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout;
-import android.support.v4.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout;
-import android.support.v7.app.ActionBar;
-import android.support.v7.app.ActionBarDrawerToggle;
-import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
-import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatDialogFragment;
-import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;
 import android.text.Editable;
 import android.text.Spanned;
 import android.text.TextWatcher;
@@ -94,7 +71,6 @@ import android.webkit.CookieManager;
 import android.webkit.HttpAuthHandler;
 import android.webkit.SslErrorHandler;
 import android.webkit.ValueCallback;
-import android.webkit.WebBackForwardList;
 import android.webkit.WebChromeClient;
 import android.webkit.WebResourceResponse;
 import android.webkit.WebSettings;
@@ -114,40 +90,63 @@ import android.widget.RadioButton;
 import android.widget.RelativeLayout;
 import android.widget.TextView;
 
+import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
+import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBar;
+import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBarDrawerToggle;
+import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
+import androidx.appcompat.widget.Toolbar;
+import androidx.coordinatorlayout.widget.CoordinatorLayout;
+import androidx.core.app.ActivityCompat;
+import androidx.core.content.ContextCompat;
+import androidx.core.view.GravityCompat;
+import androidx.drawerlayout.widget.DrawerLayout;
+import androidx.fragment.app.DialogFragment;
+import androidx.fragment.app.FragmentManager;
+import androidx.swiperefreshlayout.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout;
+import androidx.viewpager.widget.ViewPager;
+
+import com.google.android.material.appbar.AppBarLayout;
+import com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton;
+import com.google.android.material.navigation.NavigationView;
+import com.google.android.material.snackbar.Snackbar;
+import com.google.android.material.tabs.TabLayout;
+
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.BuildConfig;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.R;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.adapters.WebViewPagerAdapter;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.GetHostIpAddresses;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.PopulateBlocklists;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.AdConsentDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadFileDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadImageDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadLocationPermissionDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.HttpAuthenticationDialog;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.PinnedMismatchDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.SslCertificateErrorDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.UrlHistoryDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.ViewSslCertificateDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.fragments.WebViewTabFragment;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.AdHelper;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlockListHelper;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlocklistHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BookmarksDatabaseHelper;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.CheckPinnedMismatchHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.DomainsDatabaseHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.OrbotProxyHelper;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadFileDialog;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.SslCertificateErrorDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.views.NestedScrollWebView;
 
 import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
 import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
 import java.io.File;
 import java.io.IOException;
 import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
-import java.lang.ref.WeakReference;
-import java.net.InetAddress;
 import java.net.MalformedURLException;
 import java.net.URL;
 import java.net.URLDecoder;
 import java.net.URLEncoder;
-import java.net.UnknownHostException;
 import java.util.ArrayList;
 import java.util.Date;
 import java.util.HashMap;
@@ -158,131 +157,26 @@ import java.util.Set;
 
 // AppCompatActivity from android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity must be used to have access to the SupportActionBar until the minimum API is >= 21.
 public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBookmarkDialog.CreateBookmarkListener, CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.CreateBookmarkFolderListener,
-        CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.CreateHomeScreenShortcutListener, DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener,
-        DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DownloadLocationPermissionDialogListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener, EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener,
-        HttpAuthenticationDialog.HttpAuthenticationListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PinnedMismatchDialog.PinnedMismatchListener,
-        SslCertificateErrorDialog.SslCertificateErrorListener, UrlHistoryDialog.UrlHistoryListener {
-
-    // `darkTheme` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.
-    public static boolean darkTheme;
-
-    // `allowScreenshots` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static boolean allowScreenshots;
-
-    // `favoriteIconBitmap` is public static so it can be accessed from `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog`, `BookmarksActivity`, `BookmarksDatabaseViewActivity`, `CreateBookmarkDialog`,
-    // `CreateBookmarkFolderDialog`, `EditBookmarkDialog`, `EditBookmarkFolderDialog`, `EditBookmarkDatabaseViewDialog`, and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`,
-    // `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap;
-
-    // `favoriteIconDefaultBitmap` public static so it can be accessed from `PinnedMismatchDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings`.
-    public static Bitmap favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
-
-    // `formattedUrlString` is public static so it can be accessed from `AddDomainDialog`, `BookmarksActivity`, `DomainSettingsFragment`, `CreateBookmarkDialog`, and `PinnedMismatchDialog`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    public static String formattedUrlString;
-
-    // `sslCertificate` is public static so it can be accessed from `DomainsActivity`, `DomainsListFragment`, `DomainSettingsFragment`, `PinnedMismatchDialog`, and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()` and `checkPinnedMismatch()`.
-    public static SslCertificate sslCertificate;
-
-    // `currentHostIpAddresses` is public static so it can be accessed from `DomainSettingsFragment` and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()` and `GetHostIpAddresses()`.
-    public static String currentHostIpAddresses;
+        DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener, DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DownloadLocationPermissionDialogListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener,
+        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PopulateBlocklists.PopulateBlocklistsListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener {
 
     // `orbotStatus` is public static so it can be accessed from `OrbotProxyHelper`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     public static String orbotStatus;
 
-    // `webViewTitle` is public static so it can be accessed from `CreateBookmarkDialog` and `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static String webViewTitle;
+    // The WebView pager adapter is accessed from `HttpAuthenticationDialog`, `PinnedMismatchDialog`, and `SslCertificateErrorDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `addTab()`.
+    public static WebViewPagerAdapter webViewPagerAdapter;
 
-    // `appliedUserAgentString` is public static so it can be accessed from `ViewSourceActivity`.  It is also used in `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static String appliedUserAgentString;
-
-    // `reloadOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`
-    public static boolean reloadOnRestart;
-
-    // `reloadUrlOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment` and `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
+    // The load URL on restart variables are public static so they can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  They are used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean loadUrlOnRestart;
+    public static String urlToLoadOnRestart;
 
     // `restartFromBookmarksActivity` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean restartFromBookmarksActivity;
 
-    // The block list versions are public static so they can be accessed from `AboutTabFragment`.  They are also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static String easyListVersion;
-    public static String easyPrivacyVersion;
-    public static String fanboysAnnoyanceVersion;
-    public static String fanboysSocialVersion;
-    public static String ultraPrivacyVersion;
-
-    // The request items are public static so they can be accessed by `BlockListHelper`, `RequestsArrayAdapter`, and `ViewRequestsDialog`.  They are also used in `onCreate()` and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
-    public static List<String[]> resourceRequests;
-    public static String[] whiteListResultStringArray;
-    private int blockedRequests;
-    private int easyListBlockedRequests;
-    private int easyPrivacyBlockedRequests;
-    private int fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests;
-    private int fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests;
-    private int ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests;
-    private int thirdPartyBlockedRequests;
-
-    public final static int REQUEST_DISPOSITION = 0;
-    public final static int REQUEST_URL = 1;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST = 2;
-    public final static int REQUEST_SUBLIST = 3;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST_ENTRIES = 4;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST_ORIGINAL_ENTRY = 5;
-
-    public final static int REQUEST_DEFAULT = 0;
-    public final static int REQUEST_ALLOWED = 1;
-    public final static int REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY = 2;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKED = 3;
-
-    public final static int MAIN_WHITELIST = 1;
-    public final static int FINAL_WHITELIST = 2;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_WHITELIST = 3;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_INITIAL_WHITELIST = 4;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_FINAL_WHITELIST = 5;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_WHITELIST = 6;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_WHITELIST = 7;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_INITIAL_WHITELIST = 8;
-
-    public final static int MAIN_BLACKLIST = 9;
-    public final static int INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 10;
-    public final static int FINAL_BLACKLIST = 11;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_BLACKLIST = 12;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 13;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_FINAL_BLACKLIST = 14;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 15;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_BLACKLIST = 16;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 17;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_BLACKLIST = 18;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 19;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 20;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 21;
-    public final static int REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 22;
-
-    // `blockAllThirdPartyRequests` is public static so it can be accessed from `RequestsActivity`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`
-    public static boolean blockAllThirdPartyRequests;
-
     // `currentBookmarksFolder` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onBackPressed()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`,
     // `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     public static String currentBookmarksFolder;
 
-    // `domainSettingsDatabaseId` is public static so it can be accessed from `PinnedMismatchDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static int domainSettingsDatabaseId;
-
-    // The pinned variables are public static so they can be accessed from `PinnedMismatchDialog`.  They are also used in `onCreate()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `checkPinnedMismatch()`.
-    public static String pinnedSslIssuedToCName;
-    public static String pinnedSslIssuedToOName;
-    public static String pinnedSslIssuedToUName;
-    public static String pinnedSslIssuedByCName;
-    public static String pinnedSslIssuedByOName;
-    public static String pinnedSslIssuedByUName;
-    public static Date pinnedSslStartDate;
-    public static Date pinnedSslEndDate;
-    public static String pinnedHostIpAddresses;
-
     // The user agent constants are public static so they can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`, `DomainsActivity`, and `DomainSettingsFragment`.
     public final static int UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT = -1;
     public final static int SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT = 1;
@@ -293,132 +187,47 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
 
 
-    // `urlIsLoading` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateOptionsMenu()`, `loadUrl()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `GetHostIpAddresses`.
-    private static boolean urlIsLoading;
-
-    // `gettingIpAddresses` is used in `onCreate() and `GetHostIpAddresses`.
-    private static boolean gettingIpAddresses;
-
-    // `pinnedDomainSslCertificate` is used in `onCreate()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `checkPinnedMismatch()`.
-    private static boolean pinnedSslCertificate;
-
-    // `pinnedIpAddress` is used in `applyDomainSettings()` and `checkPinnedMismatch()`.
-    private static boolean pinnedIpAddresses;
-
-    // `ignorePinnedDomainInformation` is used in `onSslMismatchProceed()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `checkPinnedMismatch()`.
-    private static boolean ignorePinnedDomainInformation;
-
-    // `supportFragmentManager` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()`, `viewSslCertificate()`,
-    // `applyAppSettings()`, and `checkPinnedMismatch()`.
-    private static FragmentManager supportFragmentManager;
-
-
-    // `appBar` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `applyAppSettings()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private ActionBar appBar;
-
-    // `navigatingHistory` is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean navigatingHistory;
-
-    // `drawerLayout` is used in `onCreate()`, `onNewIntent()`, `onBackPressed()`, and `onRestart()`.
-    private DrawerLayout drawerLayout;
-
-    // `rootCoordinatorLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private CoordinatorLayout rootCoordinatorLayout;
-
-    // `mainWebView` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `findPreviousOnPage()`,
-    // `findNextOnPage()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private WebView mainWebView;
-
-    // `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `onConfigurationChanged()`.
-    private FrameLayout fullScreenVideoFrameLayout;
-
-    // `swipeRefreshLayout` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onRestart()`.
-    private SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout;
-
-    // `urlAppBarRelativeLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private RelativeLayout urlAppBarRelativeLayout;
-
-    // `favoriteIconImageView` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`
-    private ImageView favoriteIconImageView;
-
-    // `cookieManager` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onDownloadImage()`, `onDownloadFile()`, and `onRestart()`.
-    private CookieManager cookieManager;
+    // The current WebView is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `findPreviousOnPage()`,
+    // `findNextOnPage()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    private NestedScrollWebView currentWebView;
 
     // `customHeader` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `loadUrl()`.
     private final Map<String, String> customHeaders = new HashMap<>();
 
-    // `javaScriptEnabled` is also used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
-    private boolean javaScriptEnabled;
-
-    // `firstPartyCookiesEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onDownloadImage()`, `onDownloadFile()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean firstPartyCookiesEnabled;
-
-    // `thirdPartyCookiesEnabled` used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean thirdPartyCookiesEnabled;
-
-    // `domStorageEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean domStorageEnabled;
-
-    // `saveFormDataEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.  It can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-    private boolean saveFormDataEnabled;
-
-    // `nightMode` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and  `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean nightMode;
-
-    // 'homepage' is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private String homepage;
-
-    // `searchURL` is used in `loadURLFromTextBox()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
+    // The search URL is set in `applyProxyThroughOrbot()` and used in `onCreate()`, `onNewIntent()`, `loadURLFromTextBox()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
     private String searchURL;
 
-    // `mainMenu` is used in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
-    private Menu mainMenu;
+    // The options menu is set in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `updatePrivacyIcons()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
+    private Menu optionsMenu;
 
-    // `refreshMenuItem` is used in `onCreate()` and `onCreateOptionsMenu()`.
-    private MenuItem refreshMenuItem;
-
-    // The blocklist menu items are used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateOptionsMenu()`, and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
-    private MenuItem blocklistsMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem easyListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem ultraPrivacyMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem;
-
-    // The blocklist variables are used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean easyListEnabled;
-    private boolean easyPrivacyEnabled;
-    private boolean fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled;
-    private boolean fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled;
-    private boolean ultraPrivacyEnabled;
+    // The blocklists are populated in `finishedPopulatingBlocklists()` and accessed from `initializeWebView()`.
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyList;
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyPrivacy;
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysAnnoyanceList;
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysSocialList;
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> ultraPrivacy;
 
     // `webViewDefaultUserAgent` is used in `onCreate()` and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
     private String webViewDefaultUserAgent;
 
-    // `defaultCustomUserAgentString` is used in `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private String defaultCustomUserAgentString;
-
-    // `privacyBrowserRuntime` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private Runtime privacyBrowserRuntime;
-
     // `proxyThroughOrbot` is used in `onRestart()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `applyAppSettings()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean proxyThroughOrbot;
 
-    // `incognitoModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // The incognito mode is set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
     private boolean incognitoModeEnabled;
 
-    // `fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // The full screen browsing mode tracker is set it `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
     private boolean fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled;
 
     // `inFullScreenBrowsingMode` is used in `onCreate()`, `onConfigurationChanged()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
     private boolean inFullScreenBrowsingMode;
 
-    // `hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen;
+    // The app bar trackers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private boolean hideAppBar;
+    private boolean scrollAppBar;
 
-    // `translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen;
+    // The loading new intent tracker is set in `onNewIntent()` and used in `setCurrentWebView()`.
+    private boolean loadingNewIntent;
 
     // `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, and `onAddDomain()`, .
     private boolean reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart;
@@ -429,47 +238,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `displayingFullScreenVideo` is used in `onCreate()` and `onResume()`.
     private boolean displayingFullScreenVideo;
 
-    // `downloadWithExternalApp` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean downloadWithExternalApp;
-
-    // `currentDomainName` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onAddDomain()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private String currentDomainName;
-
     // `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` is used in `onCreate()` and `onDestroy()`.
     private BroadcastReceiver orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver;
 
     // `waitingForOrbot` is used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean waitingForOrbot;
 
-    // `domainSettingsApplied` is used in `prepareOptionsMenu()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean domainSettingsApplied;
-
-    // `domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled` is used in `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private Boolean domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled;
-
-    // `waitingForOrbotHtmlString` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private String waitingForOrbotHtmlString;
-
-    // `privateDataDirectoryString` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
-    private String privateDataDirectoryString;
-
-    // `findOnPageLinearLayout` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout;
-
-    // `findOnPageEditText` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private EditText findOnPageEditText;
-
-    // `displayAdditionalAppBarIcons` is used in `onCreate()` and `onCreateOptionsMenu()`.
-    private boolean displayAdditionalAppBarIcons;
-
-    // `drawerToggle` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPostCreate()`, `onConfigurationChanged()`, `onNewIntent()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
-    private ActionBarDrawerToggle drawerToggle;
-
-    // `supportAppBar` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private Toolbar supportAppBar;
-
-    // `urlTextBox` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `loadUrl()`, and `highlightUrlText()`.
-    private EditText urlTextBox;
+    // The action bar drawer toggle is initialized in `onCreate()` and used in `onResume()`.
+    private ActionBarDrawerToggle actionBarDrawerToggle;
 
     // The color spans are used in `onCreate()` and `highlightUrlText()`.
     private ForegroundColorSpan redColorSpan;
@@ -481,28 +257,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     private int drawerHeaderPaddingTop;
     private int drawerHeaderPaddingBottom;
 
-    // `sslErrorHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslErrorCancel()`, and `onSslErrorProceed`.
-    private SslErrorHandler sslErrorHandler;
-
-    // `httpAuthHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onHttpAuthenticationCancel()`, and `onHttpAuthenticationProceed()`.
-    private static HttpAuthHandler httpAuthHandler;
-
-    // `inputMethodManager` is used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private InputMethodManager inputMethodManager;
-
-    // `mainWebViewRelativeLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
-    private RelativeLayout mainWebViewRelativeLayout;
-
     // `bookmarksDatabaseHelper` is used in `onCreate()`, `onDestroy`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`,
     // and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private BookmarksDatabaseHelper bookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 
-    // `bookmarksListView` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
-    private ListView bookmarksListView;
-
-    // `bookmarksTitleTextView` is used in `onCreate()` and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
-    private TextView bookmarksTitleTextView;
-
     // `bookmarksCursor` is used in `onDestroy()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private Cursor bookmarksCursor;
 
@@ -515,7 +273,19 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `fileChooserCallback` is used in `onCreate()` and `onActivityResult()`.
     private ValueCallback<Uri[]> fileChooserCallback;
 
-    // The download strings are used in `onCreate()` and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+    // The default progress view offsets are set in `onCreate()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private int defaultProgressViewStartOffset;
+    private int defaultProgressViewEndOffset;
+
+    // The swipe refresh layout top padding is used when exiting full screen browsing mode.  It is used in an inner class in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private int swipeRefreshLayoutPaddingTop;
+
+    // The URL sanitizers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `sanitizeUrl()`.
+    private boolean sanitizeGoogleAnalytics;
+    private boolean sanitizeFacebookClickIds;
+    private boolean sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects;
+
+    // The download strings are used in `onCreate()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()` and `initializeWebView()`.
     private String downloadUrl;
     private String downloadContentDisposition;
     private long downloadContentLength;
@@ -523,27 +293,23 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `downloadImageUrl` is used in `onCreateContextMenu()` and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
     private String downloadImageUrl;
 
-    // The user agent variables are used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private ArrayAdapter<CharSequence> userAgentNamesArray;
-    private String[] userAgentDataArray;
-
-    // The request codes are used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog()`, and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+    // The request codes are used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
     private final int DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE = 1;
     private final int DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE = 2;
 
     @Override
-    // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.  The whole premise of Privacy Browser is built around an understanding of these dangers.
-    // Also, remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
-    @SuppressLint({"SetJavaScriptEnabled", "ClickableViewAccessibility"})
-    // Remove Android Studio's warning about deprecations.  The deprecated `getColor()` must be used until API >= 23.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
+    // Remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
+    @SuppressLint("ClickableViewAccessibility")
     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
+        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
         // Get the theme and screenshot preferences.
-        darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
-        allowScreenshots = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("allow_screenshots", false);
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+        boolean allowScreenshots = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("allow_screenshots", false);
 
         // Disable screenshots if not allowed.
         if (!allowScreenshots) {
@@ -561,4462 +327,5279 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
 
         // Set the content view.
-        setContentView(R.layout.main_drawerlayout);
+        setContentView(R.layout.main_framelayout);
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
 
-        // Get a handle for the resources and the support fragment manager.
-        Resources resources = getResources();
-        supportFragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+        // Set the action bar.  `SupportActionBar` must be used until the minimum API is >= 21.
+        setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
 
-        // Get a handle for `inputMethodManager`.
-        inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+        // Get a handle for the action bar.
+        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
 
-        // `SupportActionBar` from `android.support.v7.app.ActionBar` must be used until the minimum API is >= 21.
-        supportAppBar = findViewById(R.id.app_bar);
-        setSupportActionBar(supportAppBar);
-        appBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        // This is needed to get rid of the Android Studio warning that the action bar might be null.
+        assert actionBar != null;
 
-        // This is needed to get rid of the Android Studio warning that `appBar` might be null.
-        assert appBar != null;
+        // Add the custom layout, which shows the URL text bar.
+        actionBar.setCustomView(R.layout.url_app_bar);
+        actionBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
 
-        // Add the custom `url_app_bar` layout, which shows the favorite icon and the URL text bar.
-        appBar.setCustomView(R.layout.url_app_bar);
-        appBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
+        // Initially disable the sliding drawers.  They will be enabled once the blocklists are loaded.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_LOCKED_CLOSED);
 
-        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
-        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(resources.getColor(R.color.red_a700));
-        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(resources.getColor(R.color.gray_500));
-        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(resources.getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
 
-        // Get a handle for `urlTextBox`.
-        urlTextBox = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
+        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
 
-        // Remove the formatting from `urlTextBar` when the user is editing the text.
-        urlTextBox.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
-            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
-                // Remove the highlighting.
-                urlTextBox.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
-                urlTextBox.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
-                urlTextBox.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
-            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
-                // Move to the beginning of the string.
-                urlTextBox.setSelection(0);
+        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
+        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
 
-                // Reapply the highlighting.
-                highlightUrlText();
-            }
-        });
+        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
+        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
 
-        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
-        urlTextBox.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
-            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
-                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
-                loadUrlFromTextBox();
+        // Populate the blocklists.
+        new PopulateBlocklists(this, this).execute();
+    }
 
-                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {
-                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
+    @Override
+    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
+        // Get the information from the intent.
+        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
+        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
 
-        // Set `waitingForOrbotHTMLString`.
-        waitingForOrbotHtmlString = "<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>";
+        // Determine if this is a web search.
+        boolean isWebSearch = ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH));
 
-        // Initialize `currentDomainName`, `orbotStatus`, and `waitingForOrbot`.
-        currentDomainName = "";
-        orbotStatus = "unknown";
-        waitingForOrbot = false;
+        // Only process the URI if it contains data or it is a web search.  If the user pressed the desktop icon after the app was already running the URI will be null.
+        if (intentUriData != null || isWebSearch) {
+            // Get the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
-        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
-            @Override
-            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
-                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
-                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
+            // Create a URL string.
+            String url;
 
-                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
-                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Reset `waitingForOrbot`.
-                    waitingForOrbot = false;
+            // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+            if (isWebSearch) {
+                // Create an encoded URL string.
+                String encodedUrlString;
 
-                    // Load `formattedUrlString
-                    loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+                // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                try {
+                    encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                    encodedUrlString = "";
                 }
+
+                // Add the base search URL.
+                url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+            } else {  // The intent should contain a URL.
+                // Set the intent data as the URL.
+                url = intentUriData.toString();
             }
-        };
 
-        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
-        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
+            // Add a new tab if specified in the preferences.
+            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("open_intents_in_new_tab", true)) {  // Load the URL in a new tab.
+                // Set the loading new intent flag.
+                loadingNewIntent = true;
 
-        // Get handles for views that need to be accessed.
-        drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-        rootCoordinatorLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_coordinatorlayout);
-        bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
-        bookmarksTitleTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
-        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
-        mainWebViewRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.main_webview_relativelayout);
-        mainWebView = findViewById(R.id.main_webview);
-        findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
-        findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
-        fullScreenVideoFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.full_screen_video_framelayout);
-        urlAppBarRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.url_app_bar_relativelayout);
-        favoriteIconImageView = findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon);
+                // Add a new tab.
+                addNewTab(url);
+            } else {  // Load the URL in the current tab.
+                // Make it so.
+                loadUrl(url);
+            }
 
-        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(resources.getColor(R.color.gray_850));
-        } else {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(resources.getColor(R.color.white));
-        }
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
-        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
-            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
+            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+            }
 
-            // Include the current folder with the `Intent`.
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("Current Folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
+        }
+    }
 
-            // Make it so.
-            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
-        });
+    @Override
+    public void onRestart() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onRestart();
 
-        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Show the `CreateBookmarkFolderDialog` `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/create_folder`.
-            AppCompatDialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = new CreateBookmarkFolderDialog();
-            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(supportFragmentManager, resources.getString(R.string.create_folder));
-        });
+        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
+        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
+            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
 
-        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
-            // Show the `CreateBookmarkDialog` `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/create_bookmark`.
-            AppCompatDialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = new CreateBookmarkDialog();
-            createBookmarkDialog.show(supportFragmentManager, resources.getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
-        });
+            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
+            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
 
-        // Create a double-tap listener to toggle full-screen mode.
-        final GestureDetector gestureDetector = new GestureDetector(this, new GestureDetector.SimpleOnGestureListener() {
-            // Override `onDoubleTap()`.  All other events are handled using the default settings.
-            @Override
-            public boolean onDoubleTap(MotionEvent event) {
-                if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled) {  // Only process the double-tap if full screen browsing mode is enabled.
-                    // Toggle `inFullScreenBrowsingMode`.
-                    inFullScreenBrowsingMode = !inFullScreenBrowsingMode;
+            // Make it so.
+            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
+        }
 
-                    if (inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Switch to full screen mode.
-                        // Hide the `appBar`.
-                        appBar.hide();
+        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity.
+        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply app settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-                        // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
-                        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                            // The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-                            AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-                        }
+            // Apply the app settings.
+            applyAppSettings();
+        }
 
-                        // Modify the system bars.
-                        if (hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen) {  // Hide everything.
-                            // Remove the translucent overlays.
-                            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-
-                            // Remove the translucent status bar overlay on the `Drawer Layout`, which is special and needs its own command.
-                            drawerLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN);
-
-                            /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-                             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-                             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-                             */
-                            rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-
-                            // Set `rootCoordinatorLayout` to fill the whole screen.
-                            rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(false);
-                        } else {  // Hide everything except the status and navigation bars.
-                            // Set `rootCoordinatorLayout` to fit under the status and navigation bars.
-                            rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(false);
-
-                            // There is an Android Support Library bug that causes a scrim to print on the right side of the `Drawer Layout` when the navigation bar is displayed on the right of the screen.
-                            if (translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen) {
-                                // Set the navigation bar to be translucent.
-                                getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
-                            }
-                        }
-                    } else {  // Switch to normal viewing mode.
-                        // Show the `appBar`.
-                        appBar.show();
+        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the settings or domains activity.
+        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply domain settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-                        // Show the `BannerAd` in the free flavor.
-                        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-                            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
-                        }
+            // Reapply the domain settings for each tab.
+            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-                        // Remove the translucent navigation bar flag if it is set.
-                        getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
+                // Get the fragment view.
+                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-                        // Add the translucent status flag if it is unset.  This also resets `drawerLayout's` `View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN`.
-                        getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+                // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
+                if (fragmentView != null) {
+                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-                        // Remove any `SYSTEM_UI` flags from `rootCoordinatorLayout`.
-                        rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+                    // Reset the current domain name so the domain settings will be reapplied.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                        // Constrain `rootCoordinatorLayout` inside the status and navigation bars.
-                        rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(true);
+                    // Reapply the domain settings if the URL is not null, which can happen if an empty tab is active when returning from settings.
+                    if (nestedScrollWebView.getUrl() != null) {
+                        applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, nestedScrollWebView.getUrl(), false, true);
                     }
-
-                    // Consume the double-tap.
-                    return true;
-                } else { // Do not consume the double-tap because full screen browsing mode is disabled.
-                    return false;
                 }
             }
-        });
+        }
 
-        // Pass all touch events on `mainWebView` through `gestureDetector` to check for double-taps.
-        mainWebView.setOnTouchListener((View v, MotionEvent event) -> {
-            // Call `performClick()` on the view, which is required for accessibility.
-            v.performClick();
+        // Load the URL on restart (used when loading a bookmark).
+        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
+            // Load the specified URL.
+            loadUrl(urlToLoadOnRestart);
 
-            // Send the `event` to `gestureDetector`.
-            return gestureDetector.onTouchEvent(event);
-        });
+            // Reset the load on restart tracker.
+            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
+        }
 
-        // Update `findOnPageCountTextView`.
-        mainWebView.setFindListener(new WebView.FindListener() {
-            // Get a handle for `findOnPageCountTextView`.
-            final TextView findOnPageCountTextView = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_count_textview);
+        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
+        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onFindResultReceived(int activeMatchOrdinal, int numberOfMatches, boolean isDoneCounting) {
-                if ((isDoneCounting) && (numberOfMatches == 0)) {  // There are no matches.
-                    // Set `findOnPageCountTextView` to `0/0`.
-                    findOnPageCountTextView.setText(R.string.zero_of_zero);
-                } else if (isDoneCounting) {  // There are matches.
-                    // `activeMatchOrdinal` is zero-based.
-                    int activeMatch = activeMatchOrdinal + 1;
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
 
-                    // Build the match string.
-                    String matchString = activeMatch + "/" + numberOfMatches;
+            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
+            loadBookmarksFolder();
 
-                    // Set `findOnPageCountTextView`.
-                    findOnPageCountTextView.setText(matchString);
-                }
-            }
-        });
+            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
+            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
+        }
 
-        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
-        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
-            @Override
-            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+    }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
+    @Override
+    public void onResume() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onResume();
 
-            @Override
-            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
-                // Search for the text in `mainWebView`.
-                mainWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
-            }
-        });
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
-        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
-                // Hide the soft keyboard.  `0` indicates no additional flags.
-                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mainWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-                // Consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
-                // Do not consume the event.
-                return false;
+            // Only resume the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
+                nestedScrollWebView.resumeTimers();
+
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.onResume();
             }
-        });
+        }
 
-        // Implement swipe to refresh.
-        swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> mainWebView.reload());
+        // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
+        if (waitingForOrbot && !orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
+            // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
+            currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
-        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_600);
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
-        } else {
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_700);
+            // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
+            currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
         }
 
-        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
-
-        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
-        final NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
-        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
+        if (displayingFullScreenVideo || inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Get a handle for the root frame layouts.
+            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
 
-        // Get handles for `navigationMenu` and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based, so items 1, 2, and 3 are the second, third, and fourth entries in the menu.
-        final Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
-        final MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(1);
-        final MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(2);
-        final MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
-        final MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
-
-        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
-        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {  // Resume the adView for the free flavor.
+            // Resume the ad.
+            AdHelper.resumeAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+        }
+    }
 
-        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
-        loadBookmarksFolder();
+    @Override
+    public void onPause() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onPause();
 
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
-            int databaseID = (int) id;
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
-            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
-            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
-            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
-                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+            // Only pause the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
-            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
-                // Load the bookmark URL.
-                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
+                // Pause the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.onPause();
 
-                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+                // Pause the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
+                nestedScrollWebView.pauseTimers();
             }
+        }
 
-            // Close the `Cursor`.
-            bookmarkCursor.close();
-        });
-
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
-            int databaseId = (int) id;
+        // Pause the ad or it will continue to consume resources in the background on the free flavor.
+        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+            // Pause the ad.
+            AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+        }
+    }
 
-            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
-            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
+    @Override
+    public void onDestroy() {
+        // Unregister the Orbot status broadcast receiver.
+        this.unregisterReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver);
 
-            if (isFolder) {
-                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
-                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
+        bookmarksCursor.close();
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
 
-                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment editFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId);
-                editFolderDialog.show(supportFragmentManager, resources.getString(R.string.edit_folder));
-            } else {
-                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId);
-                editBookmarkDialog.show(supportFragmentManager, resources.getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
-            }
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onDestroy();
+    }
 
-            // Consume the event.
-            return true;
-        });
+    @Override
+    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
+        // Inflate the menu.  This adds items to the action bar if it is present.
+        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.webview_options_menu, menu);
 
-        // Get the status bar pixel size.
-        int statusBarResourceId = resources.getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
-        int statusBarPixelSize = resources.getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
+        // Store a handle for the options menu so it can be used by `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
+        optionsMenu = menu;
 
-        // Get the resource density.
-        float screenDensity = resources.getDisplayMetrics().density;
+        // Set the initial status of the privacy icons.  `false` does not call `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(false);
 
-        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
-        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+        // Get handles for the menu items.
+        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
+        MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
 
-        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
-        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
-            }
+        // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
+        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
+        // Only display the form data menu items if the API < 26.
+        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
+        clearFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
+        // Disable the clear form data menu item if the API >= 26 so that the status of the main Clear Data is calculated correctly.
+        clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
-                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
-                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
-                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
-                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
+        // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
+        adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
 
-                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
-                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
-                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
-                    }
+        // Get the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
-                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
-                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
-                    }
+        // Get the dark theme and app bar preferences..
+        boolean displayAdditionalAppBarIcons = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false);
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-                    // Update the back, forward, history, and requests menu items.
-                    navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebView.canGoBack());
-                    navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebView.canGoForward());
-                    navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((mainWebView.canGoBack() || mainWebView.canGoForward()));
-                    navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+        // Set the status of the additional app bar icons.  Setting the refresh menu item to `SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS` makes it appear even on small devices like phones.
+        if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
+            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
+            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
+            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS);
+        } else { //Do not display the additional icons.
+            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+        }
 
-                    // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
-                    inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mainWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+        // Replace Refresh with Stop if a URL is already loading.
+        if (currentWebView != null && currentWebView.getProgress() != 100) {
+            // Set the title.
+            refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.stop);
 
-                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
-                    urlTextBox.clearFocus();
-                    mainWebView.clearFocus();
+            // If the icon is displayed in the AppBar, set it according to the theme.
+            if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_dark);
+                } else {
+                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_light);
                 }
             }
-        });
-
-        // drawerToggle creates the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
-        drawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, supportAppBar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
-
-        // Get a handle for the progress bar.
-        final ProgressBar progressBar = findViewById(R.id.progress_bar);
-
-        mainWebView.setWebChromeClient(new WebChromeClient() {
-            // Update the progress bar when a page is loading.
-            @Override
-            public void onProgressChanged(WebView view, int progress) {
-                // Inject the night mode CSS if night mode is enabled.
-                if (nightMode) {
-                    // `background-color: #212121` sets the background to be dark gray.  `color: #BDBDBD` sets the text color to be light gray.  `box-shadow: none` removes a lower underline on links
-                    // used by WordPress.  `text-decoration: none` removes all text underlines.  `text-shadow: none` removes text shadows, which usually have a hard coded color.
-                    // `border: none` removes all borders, which can also be used to underline text.  `a {color: #1565C0}` sets links to be a dark blue.
-                    // `::selection {background: #0D47A1}' sets the text selection highlight color to be a dark blue. `!important` takes precedent over any existing sub-settings.
-                    mainWebView.evaluateJavascript("(function() {var parent = document.getElementsByTagName('head').item(0); var style = document.createElement('style'); style.type = 'text/css'; " +
-                            "style.innerHTML = '* {background-color: #212121 !important; color: #BDBDBD !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-decoration: none !important;" +
-                            "text-shadow: none !important; border: none !important;} a {color: #1565C0 !important;} ::selection {background: #0D47A1 !important;}'; parent.appendChild(style)})()", value -> {
-                                // Initialize a handler to display `mainWebView`.
-                                Handler displayWebViewHandler = new Handler();
-
-                                // Setup a runnable to display `mainWebView` after a delay to allow the CSS to be applied.
-                                Runnable displayWebViewRunnable = () -> {
-                                    // Only display `mainWebView` if the progress bar is gone.  This prevents the display of the `WebView` while it is still loading.
-                                    if (progressBar.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
-                                        mainWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-                                    }
-                                };
+        }
 
-                                // Displaying of `mainWebView` after 500 milliseconds.
-                                displayWebViewHandler.postDelayed(displayWebViewRunnable, 500);
-                            });
-                }
+        // Done.
+        return true;
+    }
 
-                // Update the progress bar.
-                progressBar.setProgress(progress);
+    @Override
+    public boolean onPrepareOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
+        // Get handles for the menu items.
+        MenuItem addOrEditDomain = menu.findItem(R.id.add_or_edit_domain);
+        MenuItem firstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem domStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem saveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem clearDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_data);
+        MenuItem clearCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_cookies);
+        MenuItem clearDOMStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem blocklistsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.blocklists);
+        MenuItem easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
+        MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
+        MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
+        MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
+        MenuItem ultraPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy);
+        MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
+        MenuItem fontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size);
+        MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
+        MenuItem wideViewportMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.wide_viewport);
+        MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
+        MenuItem nightModeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.night_mode);
+        MenuItem proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.proxy_through_orbot);
 
-                // Set the visibility of the progress bar.
-                if (progress < 100) {
-                    // Show the progress bar.
-                    progressBar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-                } else {
-                    // Hide the progress bar.
-                    progressBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+        // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+        CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-                    // Display `mainWebView` if night mode is disabled.
-                    // Because of a race condition between `applyDomainSettings` and `onPageStarted`, when night mode is set by domain settings the `WebView` may be hidden even if night mode is not
-                    // currently enabled.
-                    if (!nightMode) {
-                        mainWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-                    }
+        // Initialize the current user agent string and the font size.
+        String currentUserAgent = getString(R.string.user_agent_privacy_browser);
+        int fontSize = 100;
 
-                    //Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
-                    swipeRefreshLayout.setRefreshing(false);
-                }
+        // Set items that require the current web view to be populated.  It will be null when the program is first opened, as `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` is called before the first WebView is initialized.
+        if (currentWebView != null) {
+            // Set the add or edit domain text.
+            if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {
+                addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.edit_domain_settings);
+            } else {
+                addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.add_domain_settings);
             }
 
-            // Set the favorite icon when it changes.
-            @Override
-            public void onReceivedIcon(WebView view, Bitmap icon) {
-                // Only update the favorite icon if the website has finished loading.
-                if (progressBar.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
-                    // Save a copy of the favorite icon.
-                    favoriteIconBitmap = icon;
-
-                    // Place the favorite icon in the appBar.
-                    favoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(icon, 64, 64, true));
-                }
+            // Get the current user agent from the WebView.
+            currentUserAgent = currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+
+            // Get the current font size from the
+            fontSize = currentWebView.getSettings().getTextZoom();
+
+            // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
+            domStorageMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
+            saveFormDataMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+            easyListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST));
+            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY));
+            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
+            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
+            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
+            blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
+            swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+            wideViewportMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
+            displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
+            nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getNightMode());
+
+            // Initialize the display names for the blocklists with the number of blocked requests.
+            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+            easyListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
+            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
+            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
+            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
+            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
+            blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS) + " - " + getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
+
+            // Only modify third-party cookies if the API >= 21.
+            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                // Set the status of the third-party cookies checkbox.
+                thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
+
+                // Enable third-party cookies if first-party cookies are enabled.
+                thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
             }
 
-            // Save a copy of the title when it changes.
-            @Override
-            public void onReceivedTitle(WebView view, String title) {
-                // Save a copy of the title.
-                webViewTitle = title;
-            }
+            // Enable DOM Storage if JavaScript is enabled.
+            domStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled());
+        }
 
-            // Enter full screen video.
-            @Override
-            public void onShowCustomView(View view, CustomViewCallback callback) {
-                // Set the full screen video flag.
-                displayingFullScreenVideo = true;
+        // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
+        firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
+        proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem.setChecked(proxyThroughOrbot);
 
-                // Pause the ad if this is the free flavor.
-                if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                    // The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-                    AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-                }
+        // Enable Clear Cookies if there are any.
+        clearCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.hasCookies());
 
-                // Remove the translucent overlays.
-                getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+        // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+        String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
 
-                // Remove the translucent status bar overlay on the `Drawer Layout`, which is special and needs its own command.
-                drawerLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN);
+        // Get a count of the number of files in the Local Storage directory.
+        File localStorageDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/");
+        int localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
+        if (localStorageDirectory.exists()) {
+            localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = localStorageDirectory.list().length;
+        }
 
-                /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-                 * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-                 * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-                 */
-                rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        // Get a count of the number of files in the IndexedDB directory.
+        File indexedDBDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+        int indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
+        if (indexedDBDirectory.exists()) {
+            indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = indexedDBDirectory.list().length;
+        }
 
-                // Set `rootCoordinatorLayout` to fill the entire screen.
-                rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(false);
+        // Enable Clear DOM Storage if there is any.
+        clearDOMStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0 || indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0);
 
-                // Disable the sliding drawers.
-                drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_LOCKED_CLOSED);
+        // Enable Clear Form Data is there is any.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
+            // Get the WebView database.
+            WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
 
-                // Add `view` to `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout` and display it on the screen.
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.addView(view);
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-            }
+            // Enable the clear form data menu item if there is anything to clear.
+            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(webViewDatabase.hasFormData());
+        }
 
-            // Exit full screen video.
-            @Override
-            public void onHideCustomView() {
-                // Unset the full screen video flag.
-                displayingFullScreenVideo = false;
+        // Enable Clear Data if any of the submenu items are enabled.
+        clearDataMenuItem.setEnabled(clearCookiesMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearDOMStorageMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearFormDataMenuItem.isEnabled());
 
-                // Hide `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout`.
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.removeAllViews();
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+        // Disable Fanboy's Social Blocking List menu item if Fanboy's Annoyance List is checked.
+        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.isChecked());
 
-                // Enable the sliding drawers.
-                drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_UNLOCKED);
+        // Select the current user agent menu item.  A switch statement cannot be used because the user agents are not compile time constants.
+        if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0])) {  // Privacy Browser.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(webViewDefaultUserAgent)) {  // WebView Default.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_webview_default).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2])) {  // Firefox on Android.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3])) {  // Chrome on Android.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4])) {  // Safari on iOS.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5])) {  // Firefox on Linux.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6])) {  // Chromium on Linux.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7])) {  // Firefox on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8])) {  // Chrome on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9])) {  // Edge on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10])) {  // Internet Explorer on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11])) {  // Safari on macOS.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos).setChecked(true);
+        } else {  // Custom user agent.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_custom).setChecked(true);
+        }
 
-                // Apply the appropriate full screen mode the `SYSTEM_UI` flags.
-                if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
-                    if (hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen) {  // Hide everything.
-                        // Remove the translucent navigation setting if it is currently flagged.
-                        getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
+        // Instantiate the font size title and the selected font size menu item.
+        String fontSizeTitle;
+        MenuItem selectedFontSizeMenuItem;
 
-                        // Remove the translucent status bar overlay.
-                        getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+        // Prepare the font size title and current size menu item.
+        switch (fontSize) {
+            case 25:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.twenty_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent);
+                break;
 
-                        // Remove the translucent status bar overlay on the `Drawer Layout`, which is special and needs its own command.
-                        drawerLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN);
+            case 50:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.fifty_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_fifty_percent);
+                break;
 
-                        /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-                         * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-                         * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-                         */
-                        rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-                    } else {  // Hide everything except the status and navigation bars.
-                        // Remove any `SYSTEM_UI` flags from `rootCoordinatorLayout`.
-                        rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+            case 75:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.seventy_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent);
+                break;
 
-                        // Add the translucent status flag if it is unset.
-                        getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+            case 100:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
+                break;
 
-                        if (translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen) {
-                            // Set the navigation bar to be translucent.  This also resets `drawerLayout's` `View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN`.
-                            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
-                        } else {
-                            // Set the navigation bar to be black.
-                            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
-                        }
-                    }
-                } else {  // Switch to normal viewing mode.
-                    // Show the `appBar` if `findOnPageLinearLayout` is not visible.
-                    if (findOnPageLinearLayout.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
-                        appBar.show();
-                    }
+            case 125:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
+                break;
 
-                    // Show the `BannerAd` in the free flavor.
-                    if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                        // Initialize the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-                        AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
-                    }
+            case 150:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_fifty_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent);
+                break;
 
-                    // Remove any `SYSTEM_UI` flags from `rootCoordinatorLayout`.
-                    rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+            case 175:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
+                break;
 
-                    // Remove the translucent navigation bar flag if it is set.
-                    getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
+            case 200:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.two_hundred_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent);
+                break;
 
-                    // Add the translucent status flag if it is unset.  This also resets `drawerLayout's` `View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN`.
-                    getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+            default:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
+                break;
+        }
 
-                    // Constrain `rootCoordinatorLayout` inside the status and navigation bars.
-                    rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(true);
-                }
+        // Set the font size title and select the current size menu item.
+        fontSizeMenuItem.setTitle(fontSizeTitle);
+        selectedFontSizeMenuItem.setChecked(true);
 
-                // Show the ad if this is the free flavor.
-                if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                    // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-                    AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
-                }
-            }
+        // Run all the other default commands.
+        super.onPrepareOptionsMenu(menu);
 
-            // Upload files.
-            @Override
-            public boolean onShowFileChooser(WebView webView, ValueCallback<Uri[]> filePathCallback, FileChooserParams fileChooserParams) {
-                // Show the file chooser if the device is running API >= 21.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    // Store the file path callback.
-                    fileChooserCallback = filePathCallback;
+        // Display the menu.
+        return true;
+    }
 
-                    // Create an intent to open a chooser based ont the file chooser parameters.
-                    Intent fileChooserIntent = fileChooserParams.createIntent();
+    @Override
+    // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.
+    @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
+    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem menuItem) {
+        // Reenter full screen browsing mode if it was interrupted by the options menu.  <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/389>
+        if (inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-                    // Open the file chooser.  Currently only one `startActivityForResult` exists in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is simply `0`.
-                    startActivityForResult(fileChooserIntent, 0);
-                }
-                return true;
-            }
-        });
+            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
 
-        // Register `mainWebView` for a context menu.  This is used to see link targets and download images.
-        registerForContextMenu(mainWebView);
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        }
 
-        // Allow the downloading of files.
-        mainWebView.setDownloadListener((String url, String userAgent, String contentDisposition, String mimetype, long contentLength) -> {
-            // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-            if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
-                openUrlWithExternalApp(url);
-            } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                // Check to see if the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission has not been granted.
-                    // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
+        // Get the selected menu item ID.
+        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
 
-                    // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
-                    downloadUrl = url;
-                    downloadContentDisposition = contentDisposition;
-                    downloadContentLength = contentLength;
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                    // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                    if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                        // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
-                        DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
+        // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+        CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-                        // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
-                        downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
-                    } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                        // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                        ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                    }
-                } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                    // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
-                    AppCompatDialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(url, contentDisposition, contentLength);
+        // Run the commands that correlate to the selected menu item.
+        switch (menuItemId) {
+            case R.id.toggle_javascript:
+                // Toggle the JavaScript status.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(!currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled());
 
-                    // Show the download file alert dialog.
-                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(supportFragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                }
-            }
-        });
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-        // Allow pinch to zoom.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setBuiltInZoomControls(true);
+                // Display a `Snackbar`.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScrip is enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.javascript_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {  // JavaScript is disabled, but first-party cookies are enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.javascript_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {  // Privacy mode.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                }
 
-        // Hide zoom controls.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setDisplayZoomControls(false);
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-        // Don't allow mixed content (HTTP and HTTPS) on the same website.
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-            mainWebView.getSettings().setMixedContentMode(WebSettings.MIXED_CONTENT_NEVER_ALLOW);
-        }
+            case R.id.add_or_edit_domain:
+                if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Edit the current domain settings.
+                    // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
+                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-        // Set the WebView to use a wide viewport.  Otherwise, some web pages will be scrunched and some content will render outside the screen.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
+                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
+                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
-        // Set the WebView to load in overview mode (zoomed out to the maximum width).
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadWithOverviewMode(true);
+                    // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("load_domain", currentWebView.getDomainSettingsDatabaseId());
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                    // Get the current certificate.
+                    SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                    // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                    if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                        // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                        String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                        String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                        String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                        String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                        String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                        String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                        long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                        long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                        // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                    }
 
-        // Explicitly disable geolocation.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setGeolocationEnabled(false);
+                    // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                    if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                        // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                    }
 
-        // Initialize cookieManager.
-        cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                } else {  // Add a new domain.
+                    // Apply the new domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
+                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
-        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
+                    // Get the current domain
+                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(currentWebView.getUrl());
+                    String currentDomain = currentUri.getHost();
 
-        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
-        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+                    // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
+                    DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
-        // Get a handle for the `Runtime`.
-        privacyBrowserRuntime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+                    // Create the domain and store the database ID.
+                    int newDomainDatabaseId = domainsDatabaseHelper.addDomain(currentDomain);
 
-        // Store the application's private data directory.
-        privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
-        // `dataDir` will vary, but will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
+                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
-        // Initialize `inFullScreenBrowsingMode`, which is always false at this point because Privacy Browser never starts in full screen browsing mode.
-        inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+                    // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("load_domain", newDomainDatabaseId);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                    // Get the current certificate.
+                    SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                    // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                    if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                        // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                        String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                        String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                        String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                        String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                        String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                        String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                        long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                        long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                        // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                    }
 
-        // Initialize the privacy settings variables.
-        javaScriptEnabled = false;
-        firstPartyCookiesEnabled = false;
-        thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = false;
-        domStorageEnabled = false;
-        saveFormDataEnabled = false;  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        nightMode = false;
+                    // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                    if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                        // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                    }
 
-        // Store the default user agent.
-        webViewDefaultUserAgent = mainWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                }
+                return true;
 
-        // Initialize the WebView title.
-        webViewTitle = getString(R.string.no_title);
+            case R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies:
+                // Switch the first-party cookie status.
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(!cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
-        // Initialize the favorite icon bitmap.  `ContextCompat` must be used until API >= 21.
-        Drawable favoriteIconDrawable = ContextCompat.getDrawable(getApplicationContext(), R.drawable.world);
-        BitmapDrawable favoriteIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) favoriteIconDrawable;
-        assert favoriteIconBitmapDrawable != null;
-        favoriteIconDefaultBitmap = favoriteIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+                // Store the first-party cookie status.
+                currentWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
-        // If the favorite icon is null, load the default.
-        if (favoriteIconBitmap == null) {
-            favoriteIconBitmap = favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
-        }
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
-        // Initialize the user agent array adapter and string array.
-        userAgentNamesArray = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this, R.array.user_agent_names, R.layout.spinner_item);
-        userAgentDataArray = resources.getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data);
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-        // Apply the app settings from the shared preferences.
-        applyAppSettings();
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.first_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScript is still enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.first_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {  // Privacy mode.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                }
 
-        // Instantiate the block list helper.
-        BlockListHelper blockListHelper = new BlockListHelper();
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-        // Initialize the list of resource requests.
-        resourceRequests = new ArrayList<>();
+            case R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies:
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                    // Switch the status of thirdPartyCookiesEnabled.
+                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView, !cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
 
-        // Parse the block lists.
-        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easylist.txt");
-        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easyprivacy.txt");
-        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysAnnoyanceList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-annoyance.txt");
-        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysSocialList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-social.txt");
-        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> ultraPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/ultraprivacy.txt");
+                    // Update the menu checkbox.
+                    menuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
 
-        // Store the list versions.
-        easyListVersion = easyList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        easyPrivacyVersion = easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        fanboysAnnoyanceVersion = fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        fanboysSocialVersion = fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        ultraPrivacyVersion = ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
+                    // Display a snackbar.
+                    if (cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView)) {
+                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.third_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                    } else {
+                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.third_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                    }
 
-        // Get a handle for the activity.  This is used to update the requests counter while the navigation menu is open.
-        Activity activity = this;
+                    // Reload the current WebView.
+                    currentWebView.reload();
+                } // Else do nothing because SDK < 21.
+                return true;
 
-        mainWebView.setWebViewClient(new WebViewClient() {
-            // `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` makes this `WebView` the default handler for URLs inside the app, so that links are not kicked out to other apps.
-            // The deprecated `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` must be used until API >= 24.
-            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-            @Override
-            public boolean shouldOverrideUrlLoading(WebView view, String url) {
-                if (url.startsWith("http")) {  // Load the URL in Privacy Browser.
-                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-                    formattedUrlString = "";
+            case R.id.toggle_dom_storage:
+                // Toggle the status of domStorageEnabled.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(!currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
 
-                    // Apply the domain settings for the new URL.  `applyDomainSettings` doesn't do anything if the domain has not changed.
-                    boolean userAgentChanged = applyDomainSettings(url, true, false);
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
 
-                    // Check if the user agent has changed.
-                    if (userAgentChanged) {
-                        // Manually load the URL.  The changing of the user agent will cause WebView to reload the previous URL.
-                        mainWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` refreshes the app bar icons.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-                        // Returning true indicates that Privacy Browser is manually handling the loading of the URL.
-                        return true;
-                    } else {
-                        // Returning false causes the current WebView to handle the URL and prevents it from adding redirects to the history list.
-                        return false;
-                    }
-                } else if (url.startsWith("mailto:")) {  // Load the email address in an external email program.
-                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
-                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled()) {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                }
 
-                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the intent.
-                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                    // Open the email program in a new task instead of as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+            // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+            case R.id.toggle_save_form_data:
+                // Switch the status of saveFormDataEnabled.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(!currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(emailIntent);
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());
 
-                    // Returning true indicates Privacy Browser is handling the URL by creating an intent.
-                    return true;
-                } else if (url.startsWith("tel:")) {  // Load the phone number in the dialer.
-                    // Open the dialer and load the phone number, but wait for the user to place the call.
-                    Intent dialIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL);
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData()) {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                }
 
-                    // Add the phone number to the intent.
-                    dialIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-                    // Open the dialer in a new task instead of as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    dialIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(dialIntent);
+            case R.id.clear_cookies:
+                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.cookies_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
+                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
+                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
+                        })
+                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
+                            @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
+                            @Override
+                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the cookies, which command varies by SDK.
+                                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21) {
+                                        cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
+                                    } else {
+                                        cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
+                                    }
+                                }
+                            }
+                        })
+                        .show();
+                return true;
 
-                    // Returning true indicates Privacy Browser is handling the URL by creating an intent.
-                    return true;
-                } else {  // Load a system chooser to select an app that can handle the URL.
-                    // Open an app that can handle the URL.
-                    Intent genericIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+            case R.id.clear_dom_storage:
+                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
+                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
+                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
+                        })
+                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
+                            @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
+                            @Override
+                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the DOM Storage.
+                                    WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
+                                    webStorage.deleteAllData();
+
+                                    // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                    Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
+
+                                    // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                    Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
+                                        try {
+                                            // Get a handle for the runtime.
+                                            Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+
+                                            // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`,
+                                            // which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+                                            String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
+                                            // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                                            Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
+
+                                            // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                                            Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+                                            Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
+                                            Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
+                                            Process deleteDatabasesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
+
+                                            // Wait for the processes to finish.
+                                            deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteDatabasesProcess.waitFor();
+                                        } catch (Exception exception) {
+                                            // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+                                        }
+                                    };
 
-                    // Add the URL to the intent.
-                    genericIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+                                    // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
+                                    deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
+                                }
+                            }
+                        })
+                        .show();
+                return true;
 
-                    // List all apps that can handle the URL instead of just opening the first one.
-                    genericIntent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_BROWSABLE);
+            // Form data can be remove once the minimum API >= 26.
+            case R.id.clear_form_data:
+                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
+                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
+                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
+                        })
+                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
+                            @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
+                            @Override
+                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the form data.
+                                    WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(getApplicationContext());
+                                    mainWebViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+                                }
+                            }
+                        })
+                        .show();
+                return true;
 
-                    // Open the app in a new task instead of as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    genericIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+            case R.id.easylist:
+                // Toggle the EasyList status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST));
 
-                    // Start the app or display a snackbar if no app is available to handle the URL.
-                    try {
-                        startActivity(genericIntent);
-                    } catch (ActivityNotFoundException exception) {
-                        Snackbar.make(mainWebView, getString(R.string.unrecognized_url) + "  " + url, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                    }
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST));
 
-                    // Returning true indicates Privacy Browser is handling the URL by creating an intent.
-                    return true;
-                }
-            }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-            // Check requests against the block lists.  The deprecated `shouldInterceptRequest()` must be used until minimum API >= 21.
-            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-            @Override
-            public WebResourceResponse shouldInterceptRequest(WebView view, String url){
-                // Create an empty web resource response to be used if the resource request is blocked.
-                WebResourceResponse emptyWebResourceResponse = new WebResourceResponse("text/plain", "utf8", new ByteArrayInputStream("".getBytes()));
+            case R.id.easyprivacy:
+                // Toggle the EasyPrivacy status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY));
 
-                // Reset the whitelist results tracker.
-                whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY));
 
-                // Initialize the third party request tracker.
-                boolean isThirdPartyRequest = false;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Initialize the current domain string.
-                String currentDomain = "";
+            case R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list:
+                // Toggle Fanboy's Annoyance List status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
 
-                // Nobody is happy when comparing null strings.
-                if (!(formattedUrlString == null) && !(url == null)) {
-                    // Get the domain strings to URIs.
-                    Uri currentDomainUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
-                    Uri requestDomainUri = Uri.parse(url);
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
 
-                    // Get the domain host names.
-                    String currentBaseDomain = currentDomainUri.getHost();
-                    String requestBaseDomain = requestDomainUri.getHost();
+                // Update the staus of Fanboy's Social Blocking List.
+                MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
+                fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
 
-                    // Update the current domain variable.
-                    currentDomain = currentBaseDomain;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                    // Only compare the current base domain and the request base domain if neither is null.
-                    if (!(currentBaseDomain == null) && !(requestBaseDomain == null)) {
-                        // Determine the current base domain.
-                        while (currentBaseDomain.indexOf(".", currentBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1) > 0) {  // There is at least one subdomain.
-                            // Remove the first subdomain.
-                            currentBaseDomain = currentBaseDomain.substring(currentBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1);
-                        }
+            case R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list:
+                // Toggle Fanboy's Social Blocking List status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
 
-                        // Determine the request base domain.
-                        while (requestBaseDomain.indexOf(".", requestBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1) > 0) {  // There is at least one subdomain.
-                            // Remove the first subdomain.
-                            requestBaseDomain = requestBaseDomain.substring(requestBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1);
-                        }
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
 
-                        // Update the third party request tracker.
-                        isThirdPartyRequest = !currentBaseDomain.equals(requestBaseDomain);
-                    }
-                }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Block third-party requests if enabled.
-                if (isThirdPartyRequest && blockAllThirdPartyRequests) {
-                    // Increment the blocked requests counters.
-                    blockedRequests++;
-                    thirdPartyBlockedRequests++;
-
-                    // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
-                    activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
-                        navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                        blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(thirdPartyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
-                    });
+            case R.id.ultraprivacy:
+                // Toggle the UltraPrivacy status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
 
-                    // Add the request to the log.
-                    resourceRequests.add(new String[]{String.valueOf(REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY), url});
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
 
-                    // Return an empty web resource response.
-                    return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Check UltraPrivacy if it is enabled.
-                if (ultraPrivacyEnabled) {
-                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, ultraPrivacy)) {
-                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
-                        blockedRequests++;
-                        ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests++;
+            case R.id.block_all_third_party_requests:
+                //Toggle the third-party requests blocker status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
 
-                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
-                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
-                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
-                        });
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
 
-                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
-                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                    // If the whitelist result is not null, the request has been allowed by UltraPrivacy.
-                    if (whiteListResultStringArray != null) {
-                        // Add a whitelist entry to the resource requests array.
-                        resourceRequests.add(whiteListResultStringArray);
+            case R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0]);
 
-                        // The resource request has been allowed by UltraPrivacy.  `return null` loads the requested resource.
-                        return null;
-                    }
-                }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Check EasyList if it is enabled.
-                if (easyListEnabled) {
-                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyList)) {
-                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
-                        blockedRequests++;
-                        easyListBlockedRequests++;
+            case R.id.user_agent_webview_default:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
 
-                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
-                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
-                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            easyListMenuItem.setTitle(easyListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
-                        });
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                        // Reset the whitelist results tracker (because otherwise it will sometimes add results to the list due to a race condition).
-                        whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2]);
 
-                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
-                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    }
-                }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Check EasyPrivacy if it is enabled.
-                if (easyPrivacyEnabled) {
-                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyPrivacy)) {
-                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
-                        blockedRequests++;
-                        easyPrivacyBlockedRequests++;
+            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3]);
 
-                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
-                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
-                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(easyPrivacyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
-                        });
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                        // Reset the whitelist results tracker (because otherwise it will sometimes add results to the list due to a race condition).
-                        whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4]);
 
-                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
-                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    }
-                }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Check Fanboy’s Annoyance List if it is enabled.
-                if (fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled) {
-                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysAnnoyanceList)) {
-                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
-                        blockedRequests++;
-                        fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests++;
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5]);
 
-                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
-                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
-                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
-                        });
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                        // Reset the whitelist results tracker (because otherwise it will sometimes add results to the list due to a race condition).
-                        whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+            case R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6]);
 
-                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
-                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    }
-                } else if (fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled){  // Only check Fanboy’s Social Blocking List if Fanboy’s Annoyance List is disabled.
-                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysSocialList)) {
-                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
-                        blockedRequests++;
-                        fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests++;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
-                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
-                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
-                        });
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7]);
 
-                        // Reset the whitelist results tracker (because otherwise it will sometimes add results to the list due to a race condition).
-                        whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
-                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    }
-                }
+            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8]);
 
-                // Add the request to the log because it hasn't been processed by any of the previous checks.
-                if (whiteListResultStringArray != null ) {  // The request was processed by a whitelist.
-                    resourceRequests.add(whiteListResultStringArray);
-                } else {  // The request didn't match any blocklist entry.  Log it as a default request.
-                    resourceRequests.add(new String[]{String.valueOf(REQUEST_DEFAULT), url});
-                }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // The resource request has not been blocked.  `return null` loads the requested resource.
-                return null;
-            }
+            case R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9]);
 
-            // Handle HTTP authentication requests.
-            @Override
-            public void onReceivedHttpAuthRequest(WebView view, HttpAuthHandler handler, String host, String realm) {
-                // Store `handler` so it can be accessed from `onHttpAuthenticationCancel()` and `onHttpAuthenticationProceed()`.
-                httpAuthHandler = handler;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Display the HTTP authentication dialog.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment httpAuthenticationDialogFragment = HttpAuthenticationDialog.displayDialog(host, realm);
-                httpAuthenticationDialogFragment.show(supportFragmentManager, getString(R.string.http_authentication));
-            }
+            case R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10]);
 
-            // Update the URL in urlTextBox when the page starts to load.
-            @Override
-            public void onPageStarted(WebView view, String url, Bitmap favicon) {
-                // Set `urlIsLoading` to `true`, so that redirects while loading do not trigger changes in the user agent, which forces another reload of the existing page.
-                // This is also used to determine when to check for pinned mismatches.
-                urlIsLoading = true;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Reset the list of host IP addresses.
-                currentHostIpAddresses = "";
+            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11]);
 
-                // Reset the list of resource requests.
-                resourceRequests.clear();
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Initialize the counters for requests blocked by each blocklist.
-                blockedRequests = 0;
-                easyListBlockedRequests = 0;
-                easyPrivacyBlockedRequests = 0;
-                fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests = 0;
-                fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests = 0;
-                ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests = 0;
-                thirdPartyBlockedRequests = 0;
+            case R.id.user_agent_custom:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
 
-                // If night mode is enabled, hide `mainWebView` until after the night mode CSS is applied.
-                if (nightMode) {
-                    mainWebView.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
-                }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Hide the keyboard.  `0` indicates no additional flags.
-                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mainWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+            case R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(25);
+                return true;
 
-                // Check to see if Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot.
-                if (!waitingForOrbot) {  // Process the URL.
-                    // The formatted URL string must be updated at the beginning of the load, so that if the user toggles JavaScript during the load the new website is reloaded.
-                    formattedUrlString = url;
+            case R.id.font_size_fifty_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(50);
+                return true;
 
-                    // Display the formatted URL text.
-                    urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
+            case R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(75);
+                return true;
 
-                    // Apply text highlighting to `urlTextBox`.
-                    highlightUrlText();
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(100);
+                return true;
 
-                    // Get a URI for the current URL.
-                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(125);
+                return true;
 
-                    // Get the IP addresses for the host.
-                    new GetHostIpAddresses(activity).execute(currentUri.getHost());
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(150);
+                return true;
 
-                    // Apply any custom domain settings if the URL was loaded by navigating history.
-                    if (navigatingHistory) {
-                        // Apply the domain settings.
-                        boolean userAgentChanged = applyDomainSettings(url, true, false);
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(175);
+                return true;
 
-                        // Reset `navigatingHistory`.
-                        navigatingHistory = false;
+            case R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(200);
+                return true;
 
-                        // Manually load the URL if the user agent has changed, which will have caused the previous URL to be reloaded.
-                        if (userAgentChanged) {
-                            loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
-                        }
-                    }
+            case R.id.swipe_to_refresh:
+                // Toggle the stored status of swipe to refresh.
+                currentWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(!currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+
+                // Get a handle for the swipe refresh layout.
+                SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+
+                // Update the swipe refresh layout.
+                if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
+                    // Only enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
+                } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
+                    // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
+                }
+                return true;
 
-                    // Replace Refresh with Stop if the menu item has been created.  (The WebView typically begins loading before the menu items are instantiated.)
-                    if (refreshMenuItem != null) {
-                        // Set the title.
-                        refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.stop);
+            case R.id.wide_viewport:
+                // Toggle the viewport.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(!currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
+                return true;
 
-                        // If the icon is displayed in the AppBar, set it according to the theme.
-                        if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
-                            if (darkTheme) {
-                                refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_dark);
-                            } else {
-                                refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_light);
-                            }
-                        }
-                    }
-                }
-            }
+            case R.id.display_images:
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically()) {  // Images are currently loaded automatically.
+                    // Disable loading of images.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
 
-            // It is necessary to update `formattedUrlString` and `urlTextBox` after the page finishes loading because the final URL can change during load.
-            @Override
-            public void onPageFinished(WebView view, String url) {
-                // Reset the wide view port if it has been turned off by the waiting for Orbot message.
-                if (!waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Only use a wide view port if the URL starts with `http`, not for `file://` and `content://`.
-                    mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(url.startsWith("http"));
+                    // Reload the website to remove existing images.
+                    currentWebView.reload();
+                } else {  // Images are not currently loaded automatically.
+                    // Enable loading of images.  Missing images will be loaded without the need for a reload.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
                 }
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.night_mode:
+                // Toggle night mode.
+                currentWebView.setNightMode(!currentWebView.getNightMode());
 
-                // Flush any cookies to persistent storage.  `CookieManager` has become very lazy about flushing cookies in recent versions.
-                if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    cookieManager.flush();
+                // Enable or disable JavaScript according to night mode, the global preference, and any domain settings.
+                if (currentWebView.getNightMode()) {  // Night mode is enabled, which requires JavaScript.
+                    // Enable JavaScript.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
+                } else if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are applied.  Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
+                    // Apply the JavaScript preference that was stored the last time domain settings were loaded.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(currentWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
+                } else {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are not applied.  Set JavaScript according to the global preference.
+                    // Apply the JavaScript preference.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false));
                 }
 
-                // Update the Refresh menu item if it has been created.
-                if (refreshMenuItem != null) {
-                    // Reset the Refresh title.
-                    refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.refresh);
+                // Update the privacy icons.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(false);
 
-                    // If the icon is displayed in the AppBar, reset it according to the theme.
-                    if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
-                        if (darkTheme) {
-                            refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.refresh_enabled_dark);
-                        } else {
-                            refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.refresh_enabled_light);
-                        }
-                    }
-                }
+                // Reload the website.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
+            case R.id.find_on_page:
+                // Get a handle for the views.
+                Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+                LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+                EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
+                // Set the minimum height of the find on page linear layout to match the toolbar.
+                findOnPageLinearLayout.setMinimumHeight(toolbar.getHeight());
 
-                // Clear the cache and history if Incognito Mode is enabled.
-                if (incognitoModeEnabled) {
-                    // Clear the cache.  `true` includes disk files.
-                    mainWebView.clearCache(true);
+                // Hide the toolbar.
+                toolbar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-                    // Clear the back/forward history.
-                    mainWebView.clearHistory();
+                // Show the find on page linear layout.
+                findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-                    // Manually delete cache folders.
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the main cache directory.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
+                // Display the keyboard.  The app must wait 200 ms before running the command to work around a bug in Android.
+                // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5520085/android-show-softkeyboard-with-showsoftinput-is-not-working
+                findOnPageEditText.postDelayed(() -> {
+                    // Set the focus on `findOnPageEditText`.
+                    findOnPageEditText.requestFocus();
 
-                        // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
-                        // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not escape the string correctly otherwise.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
-                    } catch (IOException e) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+                    // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+                    InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-                // Update the URL text box and apply domain settings if not waiting on Orbot.
-                if (!waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Check to see if `WebView` has set `url` to be `about:blank`.
-                    if (url.equals("about:blank")) {  // `WebView` is blank, so `formattedUrlString` should be `""` and `urlTextBox` should display a hint.
-                        // Set `formattedUrlString` to `""`.
-                        formattedUrlString = "";
+                    // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+                    assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-                        urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
+                    // Display the keyboard.  `0` sets no input flags.
+                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(findOnPageEditText, 0);
+                }, 200);
+                return true;
 
-                        // Request focus for `urlTextBox`.
-                        urlTextBox.requestFocus();
+            case R.id.print:
+                // Get a print manager instance.
+                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
 
-                        // Display the keyboard.
-                        inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlTextBox, 0);
+                // Remove the lint error below that print manager might be null.
+                assert printManager != null;
 
-                        // Apply the domain settings.  This clears any settings from the previous domain.
-                        applyDomainSettings(formattedUrlString, true, false);
-                    } else {  // `WebView` has loaded a webpage.
-                        // Set the formatted URL string.  Getting the URL from the WebView instead of using the one provided by `onPageFinished` makes websites like YouTube function correctly.
-                        formattedUrlString = mainWebView.getUrl();
+                // Create a print document adapter from the current WebView.
+                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
 
-                        // Only update the URL text box if the user is not typing in it.
-                        if (!urlTextBox.hasFocus()) {
-                            // Display the formatted URL text.
-                            urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
+                // Print the document.
+                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
+                return true;
 
-                            // Apply text highlighting to `urlTextBox`.
-                            highlightUrlText();
-                        }
-                    }
+            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
+                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getUrl(),
+                        currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-                    // Store the SSL certificate so it can be accessed from `ViewSslCertificateDialog` and `PinnedMismatchDialog`.
-                    sslCertificate = mainWebView.getCertificate();
+                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
+                return true;
 
-                    // Check the current website information against any pinned domain information if the current IP addresses have been loaded.
-                    if (!gettingIpAddresses) {
-                        checkPinnedMismatch();
-                    }
-                }
+            case R.id.view_source:
+                // Create an intent to launch the view source activity.
+                Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
 
-                // Reset `urlIsLoading`, which is used to prevent reloads on redirect if the user agent changes.  It is also used to determine when to check for pinned mismatches.
-                urlIsLoading = false;
-            }
+                // Add the variables to the intent.
+                viewSourceIntent.putExtra("user_agent", currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString());
+                viewSourceIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
 
-            // Handle SSL Certificate errors.
-            @Override
-            public void onReceivedSslError(WebView view, SslErrorHandler handler, SslError error) {
-                // Get the current website SSL certificate.
-                SslCertificate currentWebsiteSslCertificate = error.getCertificate();
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(viewSourceIntent);
+                return true;
 
-                // Extract the individual pieces of information from the current website SSL certificate.
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
-                Date currentWebsiteSslStartDate = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate();
-                Date currentWebsiteSslEndDate = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate();
+            case R.id.share_url:
+                // Setup the share string.
+                String shareString = currentWebView.getTitle() + " – " + currentWebView.getUrl();
 
-                // Proceed to the website if the current SSL website certificate matches the pinned domain certificate.
-                if (pinnedSslCertificate &&
-                        currentWebsiteIssuedToCName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToCName) && currentWebsiteIssuedToOName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToOName) &&
-                        currentWebsiteIssuedToUName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToUName) && currentWebsiteIssuedByCName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByCName) &&
-                        currentWebsiteIssuedByOName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByOName) && currentWebsiteIssuedByUName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByUName) &&
-                        currentWebsiteSslStartDate.equals(pinnedSslStartDate) && currentWebsiteSslEndDate.equals(pinnedSslEndDate)) {
-
-                    // An SSL certificate is pinned and matches the current domain certificate.  Proceed to the website without displaying an error.
-                    handler.proceed();
-                } else {  // Either there isn't a pinned SSL certificate or it doesn't match the current website certificate.
-                    // Store `handler` so it can be accesses from `onSslErrorCancel()` and `onSslErrorProceed()`.
-                    sslErrorHandler = handler;
+                // Create the share intent.
+                Intent shareIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
+                shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, shareString);
+                shareIntent.setType("text/plain");
 
-                    // Display the SSL error `AlertDialog`.
-                    AppCompatDialogFragment sslCertificateErrorDialogFragment = SslCertificateErrorDialog.displayDialog(error);
-                    sslCertificateErrorDialogFragment.show(supportFragmentManager, getString(R.string.ssl_certificate_error));
-                }
-            }
-        });
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, getString(R.string.share_url)));
+                return true;
 
-        // Get the intent that started the app.
-        Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
+            case R.id.open_with_app:
+                openWithApp(currentWebView.getUrl());
+                return true;
 
-        // Get the information from the intent.
-        String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
-        Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
+            case R.id.open_with_browser:
+                openWithBrowser(currentWebView.getUrl());
+                return true;
 
-        // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
-        if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
-            // Create an encoded URL string.
-            String encodedUrlString;
+            case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
+                // Toggle the proxy through Orbot variable.
+                proxyThroughOrbot = !proxyThroughOrbot;
 
-            // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-            try {
-                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                encodedUrlString = "";
-            }
+                // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+                applyProxyThroughOrbot(true);
+                return true;
 
-            // Add the base search URL.
-            formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-        } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
-            // Set the formatted URL string.
-            formattedUrlString = launchingIntentUriData.toString();
-        }
+            case R.id.refresh:
+                if (menuItem.getTitle().equals(getString(R.string.refresh))) {  // The refresh button was pushed.
+                    // Reload the current WebView.
+                    currentWebView.reload();
+                } else {  // The stop button was pushed.
+                    // Stop the loading of the WebView.
+                    currentWebView.stopLoading();
+                }
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.ad_consent:
+                // Display the ad consent dialog.
+                DialogFragment adConsentDialogFragment = new AdConsentDialog();
+                adConsentDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ad_consent));
+                return true;
 
-        // Load the website if not waiting for Orbot to connect.
-        if (!waitingForOrbot) {
-            loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+            default:
+                // Don't consume the event.
+                return super.onOptionsItemSelected(menuItem);
         }
     }
 
+    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
     @Override
-    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
-        // Sets the new intent as the activity intent, so that any future `getIntent()`s pick up this one instead of creating a new activity.
-        setIntent(intent);
+    public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
+        // Get the menu item ID.
+        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
 
-        // Get the information from the intent.
-        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
-        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
-        if ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
-            // Create an encoded URL string.
-            String encodedUrlString;
+        // Run the commands that correspond to the selected menu item.
+        switch (menuItemId) {
+            case R.id.clear_and_exit:
+                // Clear and exit Privacy Browser.
+                clearAndExit();
+                break;
 
-            // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-            try {
-                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                encodedUrlString = "";
-            }
+            case R.id.home:
+                // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                    // Load the Tor homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                } else {
+                    // Load the normal homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                }
+                break;
 
-            // Add the base search URL.
-            formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-        } else if (intentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
-            // Set the formatted URL string.
-            formattedUrlString = intentUriData.toString();
-        }
+            case R.id.back:
+                if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-        // Load the URL.
-        loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
-        // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
-        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-        }
+                    // Load the previous website in the history.
+                    currentWebView.goBack();
+                }
+                break;
 
-        // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
-        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-        }
+            case R.id.forward:
+                if (currentWebView.canGoForward()) {
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-        // Clear the keyboard if displayed and remove the focus on the urlTextBar if it has it.
-        mainWebView.requestFocus();
-    }
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onRestart() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onRestart();
+                    // Load the next website in the history.
+                    currentWebView.goForward();
+                }
+                break;
 
-        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
-        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
-            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
-            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
+            case R.id.history:
+                // Instantiate the URL history dialog.
+                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
-            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
+                // Show the URL history dialog.
+                urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
+                break;
 
-            // Make it so.
-            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
-        }
+            case R.id.requests:
+                // Populate the resource requests.
+                RequestsActivity.resourceRequests = currentWebView.getResourceRequests();
 
-        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity..
-        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Apply the app settings.
-            applyAppSettings();
+                // Create an intent to launch the Requests activity.
+                Intent requestsIntent = new Intent(this, RequestsActivity.class);
 
-            // Reload the webpage if displaying of images has been disabled in the Settings activity.
-            if (reloadOnRestart) {
-                // Reload `mainWebView`.
-                mainWebView.reload();
+                // Add the block third-party requests status to the intent.
+                requestsIntent.putExtra("block_all_third_party_requests", currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
 
-                // Reset `reloadOnRestartBoolean`.
-                reloadOnRestart = false;
-            }
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(requestsIntent);
+                break;
 
-            // Reset the return from settings flag.
-            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
-        }
+            case R.id.downloads:
+                // Launch the system Download Manager.
+                Intent downloadManagerIntent = new Intent(DownloadManager.ACTION_VIEW_DOWNLOADS);
 
-        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the Domains activity.
-        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Reapply the domain settings.
-            applyDomainSettings(formattedUrlString, false, true);
+                // Launch as a new task so that Download Manager and Privacy Browser show as separate windows in the recent tasks list.
+                downloadManagerIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
 
-            // Reset `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart`.
-            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
-        }
+                startActivity(downloadManagerIntent);
+                break;
 
-        // Load the URL on restart to apply changes to night mode.
-        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
-            // Load the current `formattedUrlString`.
-            loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+            case R.id.domains:
+                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
+                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-            // Reset `loadUrlOnRestart.
-            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
-        }
+                // Launch the domains activity.
+                Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
-        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+                // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                // Get the current certificate.
+                SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                    // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                    String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                    String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                    String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                    String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                    String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                    String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                    long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                    long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                    // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                }
 
-            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
-            loadBookmarksFolder();
+                // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                    // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                }
 
-            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
-            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
-        }
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                break;
 
-        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
-    }
+            case R.id.settings:
+                // Set the flag to reapply app settings on restart when returning from Settings.
+                reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
-    @Override
-    public void onResume() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onResume();
+                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
+                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-        // Resume JavaScript (if enabled).
-        mainWebView.resumeTimers();
+                // Launch the settings activity.
+                Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
+                startActivity(settingsIntent);
+                break;
 
-        // Resume `mainWebView`.
-        mainWebView.onResume();
+            case R.id.import_export:
+                // Launch the import/export activity.
+                Intent importExportIntent = new Intent (this, ImportExportActivity.class);
+                startActivity(importExportIntent);
+                break;
 
-        // Resume the adView for the free flavor.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-            // Resume the ad.
-            AdHelper.resumeAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-        }
+            case R.id.logcat:
+                // Launch the logcat activity.
+                Intent logcatIntent = new Intent(this, LogcatActivity.class);
+                startActivity(logcatIntent);
+                break;
 
-        // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
-        if (waitingForOrbot && !orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
-            // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
-            mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
+            case R.id.guide:
+                // Launch `GuideActivity`.
+                Intent guideIntent = new Intent(this, GuideActivity.class);
+                startActivity(guideIntent);
+                break;
 
-            // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-            mainWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHtmlString, "text/html", null);
-        }
+            case R.id.about:
+                // Create an intent to launch the about activity.
+                Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
 
-        if (displayingFullScreenVideo) {
-            // Remove the translucent overlays.
-            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+                // Create a string array for the blocklist versions.
+                String[] blocklistVersions = new String[] {easyList.get(0).get(0)[0], easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0],
+                        ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0]};
 
-            // Remove the translucent status bar overlay on the `Drawer Layout`, which is special and needs its own command.
-            drawerLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN);
+                // Add the blocklist versions to the intent.
+                aboutIntent.putExtra("blocklist_versions", blocklistVersions);
 
-            /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-             */
-            rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(aboutIntent);
+                break;
         }
+
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+
+        // Close the navigation drawer.
+        drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        return true;
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onPause() {
+    public void onPostCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
         // Run the default commands.
-        super.onPause();
-
-        // Pause `mainWebView`.
-        mainWebView.onPause();
-
-        // Stop all JavaScript.
-        mainWebView.pauseTimers();
+        super.onPostCreate(savedInstanceState);
 
-        // Pause the ad or it will continue to consume resources in the background on the free flavor.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-            // Pause the ad.
-            AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-        }
+        // Sync the state of the DrawerToggle after the default `onRestoreInstanceState()` has finished.  This creates the navigation drawer icon.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle.syncState();
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onDestroy() {
-        // Unregister the Orbot status broadcast receiver.
-        this.unregisterReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver);
+    public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
 
-        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
-        bookmarksCursor.close();
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
 
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onDestroy();
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
+
+        // Recalculate the drawer header padding.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+
+        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if not in full screen mode.
+        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free") && !inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
+            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+        }
+
+        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` should recalculate the number of action buttons from the menu to display on the app bar, but it doesn't because of the this bug:
+        // https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=20493#c8
+        // ActivityCompat.invalidateOptionsMenu(this);
     }
 
     @Override
-    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
-        // Inflate the menu.  This adds items to the action bar if it is present.
-        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.webview_options_menu, menu);
+    public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View view, ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
+        // Store the hit test result.
+        final WebView.HitTestResult hitTestResult = currentWebView.getHitTestResult();
 
-        // Set mainMenu so it can be used by `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons`.
-        mainMenu = menu;
+        // Create the URL strings.
+        final String imageUrl;
+        final String linkUrl;
 
-        // Set the initial status of the privacy icons.  `false` does not call `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(false);
+        // Get handles for the system managers.
+        final ClipboardManager clipboardManager = (ClipboardManager) getSystemService(CLIPBOARD_SERVICE);
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Get handles for the menu items.
-        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
-        blocklistsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.blocklists);
-        easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
-        easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
-        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
-        ultraPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy);
-        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
-        MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
+        // Remove the lint errors below that the clipboard manager might be null.
+        assert clipboardManager != null;
 
-        // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
-        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21);
+        // Process the link according to the type.
+        switch (hitTestResult.getType()) {
+            // `SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE` is a link.
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE:
+                // Get the target URL.
+                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
-        // Only display the form data menu items if the API < 26.
-        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
-        clearFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
+                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
-        // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
-        adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the link URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-        // Get the shared preference values.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-        // Get the status of the additional AppBar icons.
-        displayAdditionalAppBarIcons = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false);
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-        // Set the status of the additional app bar icons.  Setting the refresh menu item to `SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS` makes it appear even on small devices like phones.
-        if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
-            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
-            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
-            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS);
-        } else { //Do not display the additional icons.
-            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
-            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
-            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
-        }
+                // Add a Copy URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Save the link URL in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), linkUrl);
 
-        // Replace Refresh with Stop if a URL is already loading.
-        if (urlIsLoading) {
-            // Set the title.
-            refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.stop);
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcAnchorTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-            // If the icon is displayed in the AppBar, set it according to the theme.
-            if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
-                if (darkTheme) {
-                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_dark);
-                } else {
-                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_light);
-                }
-            }
-        }
+                // Add a Download URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
+                            downloadUrl = linkUrl;
+                            downloadContentDisposition = "none";
+                            downloadContentLength = -1;
 
-        return true;
-    }
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
 
-    @Override
-    public boolean onPrepareOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
-        // Get handles for the menu items.
-        MenuItem addOrEditDomain = menu.findItem(R.id.add_or_edit_domain);
-        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem clearDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_data);
-        MenuItem clearCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_cookies);
-        MenuItem clearDOMStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem fontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size);
-        MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
-        MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
-        MenuItem nightModeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.night_mode);
-        MenuItem proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.proxy_through_orbot);
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
+                            DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
 
-        // Set the text for the domain menu item.
-        if (domainSettingsApplied) {
-            addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.edit_domain_settings);
-        } else {
-            addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.add_domain_settings);
-        }
+                            // Show the download file alert dialog.
+                            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-        // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
-        toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
-        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
-        toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setChecked(domStorageEnabled);
-        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setChecked(saveFormDataEnabled);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        easyListMenuItem.setChecked(easyListEnabled);
-        easyPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(easyPrivacyEnabled);
-        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setChecked(fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setChecked(fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled);
-        ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(ultraPrivacyEnabled);
-        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(blockAllThirdPartyRequests);
-        swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(swipeRefreshLayout.isEnabled());
-        displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(mainWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
-        nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(nightMode);
-        proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem.setChecked(proxyThroughOrbot);
+                // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
 
-        // Enable third-party cookies if first-party cookies are enabled.
-        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.EMAIL_TYPE:
+                // Get the target URL.
+                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
-        // Enable DOM Storage if JavaScript is enabled.
-        toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
+                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
-        // Enable Clear Cookies if there are any.
-        clearCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.hasCookies());
+                // Add a Write Email entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
+                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
 
-        // Get a count of the number of files in the Local Storage directory.
-        File localStorageDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/");
-        int localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
-        if (localStorageDirectory.exists()) {
-            localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = localStorageDirectory.list().length;
-        }
+                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
+                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse("mailto:" + linkUrl));
 
-        // Get a count of the number of files in the IndexedDB directory.
-        File indexedDBDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-        int indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
-        if (indexedDBDirectory.exists()) {
-            indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = indexedDBDirectory.list().length;
-        }
+                    // `FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK` opens the email program in a new task instead as part of Privacy Browser.
+                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
 
-        // Enable Clear DOM Storage if there is any.
-        clearDOMStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0 || indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0);
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(emailIntent);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-        // Enable Clear Form Data is there is any.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
-            WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
-            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebViewDatabase.hasFormData());
-        } else {
-            // Disable clear form data because it is not supported on current version of Android.
-            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(false);
-        }
+                // Add a Copy Email Address entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
 
-        // Enable Clear Data if any of the submenu items are enabled.
-        clearDataMenuItem.setEnabled(clearCookiesMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearDOMStorageMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearFormDataMenuItem.isEnabled());
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcEmailTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-        // Disable Fanboy's Social Blocking List if Fanboy's Annoyance List is checked.
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
 
-        // Initialize the display names for the blocklists with the number of blocked requests.
-        blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-        easyListMenuItem.setTitle(easyListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
-        easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(easyPrivacyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
-        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
-        ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
-        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(thirdPartyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
+            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image. `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.  Privacy Browser processes them the same.
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
+                // Get the image URL.
+                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
-        // Get the current user agent.
-        String currentUserAgent = mainWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+                // Set the image URL as the title of the context menu.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
 
-        // Select the current user agent menu item.  A switch statement cannot be used because the user agents are not compile time constants.
-        if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0])) {  // Privacy Browser.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(webViewDefaultUserAgent)) {  // WebView Default.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_webview_default).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2])) {  // Firefox on Android.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3])) {  // Chrome on Android.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4])) {  // Safari on iOS.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5])) {  // Firefox on Linux.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6])) {  // Chromium on Linux.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7])) {  // Firefox on Windows.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8])) {  // Chrome on Windows.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9])) {  // Edge on Windows.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10])) {  // Internet Explorer on Windows.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11])) {  // Safari on macOS.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos).setChecked(true);
-        } else {  // Custom user agent.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_custom).setChecked(true);
-        }
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the image URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-        // Initialize font size variables.
-        int fontSize = mainWebView.getSettings().getTextZoom();
-        String fontSizeTitle;
-        MenuItem selectedFontSizeMenuItem;
+                // Add a View Image entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-        // Prepare the font size title and current size menu item.
-        switch (fontSize) {
-            case 25:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.twenty_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent);
-                break;
+                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
 
-            case 50:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.fifty_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_fifty_percent);
-                break;
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
 
-            case 75:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.seventy_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent);
-                break;
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
+                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
 
-            case 100:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
-                break;
+                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
+                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-            case 125:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
-                break;
+                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcImageAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
 
-            case 150:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_fifty_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent);
-                break;
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageAnchorTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-            case 175:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
-                break;
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-            case 200:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.two_hundred_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent);
-                break;
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-            default:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
         }
-
-        // Set the font size title and select the current size menu item.
-        fontSizeMenuItem.setTitle(fontSizeTitle);
-        selectedFontSizeMenuItem.setChecked(true);
-
-        // Run all the other default commands.
-        super.onPrepareOptionsMenu(menu);
-
-        // Display the menu.
-        return true;
     }
 
     @Override
-    // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.
-    @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
-    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem menuItem) {
-        // Get the selected menu item ID.
-        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
+    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
 
-        // Run the commands that correlate to the selected menu item.
-        switch (menuItemId) {
-            case R.id.toggle_javascript:
-                // Switch the status of javaScriptEnabled.
-                javaScriptEnabled = !javaScriptEnabled;
+        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
 
-                // Apply the new JavaScript status.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
+        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
+        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (javaScriptEnabled) {  // JavaScrip is enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.javascript_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // JavaScript is disabled, but first-party cookies are enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.javascript_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {  // Privacy mode.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
+        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-            case R.id.add_or_edit_domain:
-                if (domainSettingsApplied) {  // Edit the current domain settings.
-                    // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
-                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                    currentDomainName = "";
+        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
+        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
 
-                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
-                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
+        // Create the bookmark.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
 
-                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the current domain and close on back instead of returning to the domains list.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("loadDomain", domainSettingsDatabaseId);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("closeOnBack", true);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
-                } else {  // Add a new domain.
-                    // Apply the new domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
-                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                    currentDomainName = "";
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
 
-                    // Get the current domain
-                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
-                    String currentDomain = currentUri.getHost();
+        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
+    }
 
-                    // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
-                    DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
 
-                    // Create the domain and store the database ID.
-                    int newDomainDatabaseId = domainsDatabaseHelper.addDomain(currentDomain);
+        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
 
-                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
-                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
+        // Get new folder name string.
+        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the new domain and close on back instead of returning to the domains list.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("loadDomain", newDomainDatabaseId);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("closeOnBack", true);
+        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
+        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
-                }
-                return true;
+        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
+        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
+            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
-            case R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies:
-                // Switch the status of firstPartyCookiesEnabled.
-                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = !firstPartyCookiesEnabled;
+            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
+            // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+        }
 
-                // Apply the new cookie status.
-                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
+        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.first_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else if (javaScriptEnabled) {  // JavaScript is still enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.first_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {  // Privacy mode.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
+        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
+        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
+            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
+        }
 
-            case R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies:
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    // Switch the status of thirdPartyCookiesEnabled.
-                    thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = !thirdPartyCookiesEnabled;
+        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
 
-                    // Update the menu checkbox.
-                    menuItem.setChecked(thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-                    // Apply the new cookie status.
-                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(mainWebView, thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
 
-                    // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                    if (thirdPartyCookiesEnabled) {
-                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.third_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                    } else {
-                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.third_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                    }
+        // Scroll to the new folder.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
+    }
 
-                    // Reload the WebView.
-                    mainWebView.reload();
-                } // Else do nothing because SDK < 21.
-                return true;
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
 
-            case R.id.toggle_dom_storage:
-                // Switch the status of domStorageEnabled.
-                domStorageEnabled = !domStorageEnabled;
+        // Store the bookmark strings.
+        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(domStorageEnabled);
+        // Update the bookmark.
+        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
+        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                // Apply the new DOM Storage status.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(domStorageEnabled);
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (domStorageEnabled) {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.dom_storage_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.dom_storage_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
+            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
+        }
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-            // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-            case R.id.toggle_save_form_data:
-                // Switch the status of saveFormDataEnabled.
-                saveFormDataEnabled = !saveFormDataEnabled;
-
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(saveFormDataEnabled);
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
 
-                // Apply the new form data status.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormDataEnabled);
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (saveFormDataEnabled) {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.form_data_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.form_data_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
+        // Get the new folder name.
+        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
+        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
+            // Update the name in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
+        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
+            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
-            case R.id.clear_cookies:
-                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.cookies_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
-                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
-                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
-                        })
-                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
-                            @Override
-                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the `Undo` button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The `Snackbar` was dismissed without the `Undo` button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // `cookieManager.removeAllCookie()` varies by SDK.
-                                        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21) {
-                                            cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
-                                        } else {
-                                            // `null` indicates no callback.
-                                            cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
-                                        }
-                                }
-                            }
-                        })
-                        .show();
-                return true;
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
-            case R.id.clear_dom_storage:
-                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.dom_storage_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
-                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
-                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
-                        })
-                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
-                            @Override
-                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the `Undo` button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The `Snackbar` was dismissed without the `Undo` button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // Delete the DOM Storage.
-                                        WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
-                                        webStorage.deleteAllData();
-
-                                        // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
-                                        Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
-
-                                        // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
-                                        Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
-                                            try {
-                                                // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                                                Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
-
-                                                // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                                                Process deleteIndexProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                                                Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                                                Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                                                Process deleteDatabasesProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-
-                                                // Wait for the processes to finish.
-                                                deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteDatabasesProcess.waitFor();
-                                            } catch (Exception exception) {
-                                                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                                            }
-                                        };
-
-                                        // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
-                                        deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
-                                }
-                            }
-                        })
-                        .show();
-                return true;
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
 
-            // Form data can be remove once the minimum API >= 26.
-            case R.id.clear_form_data:
-                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.form_data_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
-                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
-                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
-                        })
-                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
-                            @Override
-                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the `Undo` button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The `Snackbar` was dismissed without the `Undo` button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // Delete the form data.
-                                        WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(getApplicationContext());
-                                        mainWebViewDatabase.clearFormData();
-                                }
-                            }
-                        })
-                        .show();
-                return true;
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-            case R.id.easylist:
-                // Toggle the EasyList status.
-                easyListEnabled = !easyListEnabled;
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(easyListEnabled);
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Update the folder icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
+            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
-            case R.id.easyprivacy:
-                // Toggle the EasyPrivacy status.
-                easyPrivacyEnabled = !easyPrivacyEnabled;
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(easyPrivacyEnabled);
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-            case R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list:
-                // Toggle Fanboy's Annoyance List status.
-                fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled = !fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled;
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                // Update the staus of Fanboy's Social Blocking List.
-                MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
-                fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        }
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-            case R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list:
-                // Toggle Fanboy's Social Blocking List status.
-                fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled = !fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled;
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled);
+    @Override
+    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
+        switch (downloadType) {
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
+        }
+    }
 
-            case R.id.ultraprivacy:
-                // Toggle the UltraPrivacy status.
-                ultraPrivacyEnabled = !ultraPrivacyEnabled;
+    @Override
+    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
+        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(ultraPrivacyEnabled);
+        switch (requestCode) {
+            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
 
-            case R.id.block_all_third_party_requests:
-                //Toggle the third-party requests blocker status.
-                blockAllThirdPartyRequests = !blockAllThirdPartyRequests;
+                // Reset the download variables.
+                downloadUrl = "";
+                downloadContentDisposition = "";
+                downloadContentLength = 0;
+                break;
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(blockAllThirdPartyRequests);
+            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0]);
+                // Reset the image URL variable.
+                downloadImageUrl = "";
+                break;
+        }
+    }
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+    @Override
+    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
+        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_webview_default:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+            // Parse `imageUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2]);
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(imageUrl);
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3]);
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
+            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            }
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4]);
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5]);
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6]);
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+        }
+    }
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+    @Override
+    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
+        // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7]);
+            // Parse `downloadUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8]);
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(downloadUrl);
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9]);
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
+            String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            }
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10]);
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(downloadUrl);
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11]);
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_custom:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultCustomUserAgentString);
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+        }
+    }
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and and the WebView.
+    @Override
+    public void onBackPressed() {
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout and the tab layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
 
-            case R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(25);
-                return true;
+        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
+            // Close the navigation drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
+            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
+                // close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
+                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-            case R.id.font_size_fifty_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(50);
-                return true;
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            }
+        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
+            // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+            currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-            case R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(75);
-                return true;
+            // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+            currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(100);
-                return true;
+            // Go back.
+            currentWebView.goBack();
+        } else if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There are at least two tabs.
+            // Close the current tab.
+            closeCurrentTab();
+        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
+            // Run the default commands.
+            super.onBackPressed();
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(125);
-                return true;
+            // Manually kill Privacy Browser.  Otherwise, it is glitchy when restarted.
+            System.exit(0);
+        }
+    }
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(150);
-                return true;
+    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
+    @Override
+    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
+        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            // Pass the file to the WebView.
+            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
+        }
+    }
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(175);
-                return true;
+    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
+        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
 
-            case R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(200);
-                return true;
+        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
+        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
 
-            case R.id.swipe_to_refresh:
-                // Toggle swipe to refresh.
-                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(!swipeRefreshLayout.isEnabled());
-                return true;
+        // Initialize the formatted URL string.
+        String url = "";
 
-            case R.id.display_images:
-                if (mainWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically()) {  // Images are currently loaded automatically.
-                    mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
-                    mainWebView.reload();
-                } else {  // Images are not currently loaded automatically.
-                    mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
-                }
-                return true;
+        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
+        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {  // This is a Content URL.
+            // Load the entire content URL.
+            url = unformattedUrlString;
+        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://") ||
+                unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a standard URL.
+            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
+            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
+            }
 
-            case R.id.night_mode:
-                // Toggle night mode.
-                nightMode = !nightMode;
+            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
+            URL unformattedUrl = null;
 
-                // Enable or disable JavaScript according to night mode, the global preference, and any domain settings.
-                if (nightMode) {  // Night mode is enabled.  Enable JavaScript.
-                    // Update the global variable.
-                    javaScriptEnabled = true;
-                } else if (domainSettingsApplied) {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are applied.  Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
-                    // Get the JavaScript preference that was stored the last time domain settings were loaded.
-                    javaScriptEnabled = domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled;
-                } else {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are not applied.  Set JavaScript according to the global preference.
-                    // Get a handle for the shared preference.
-                    SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
+            try {
+                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
+            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
+                e.printStackTrace();
+            }
 
-                    // Get the JavaScript preference.
-                    javaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false);
-                }
+            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
+            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
+            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
+            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
+            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
+            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
 
-                // Apply the JavaScript setting to the WebView.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
+            // Build the URI.
+            Uri.Builder uri = new Uri.Builder();
+            uri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
 
-                // Update the privacy icons.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(false);
+            // Decode the URI as a UTF-8 string in.
+            try {
+                url = URLDecoder.decode(uri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                // Do nothing.  The formatted URL string will remain blank.
+            }
+        } else if (!unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // This is not a URL, but rather a search string.
+            // Create an encoded URL String.
+            String encodedUrlString;
 
-                // Reload the website.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Sanitize the search input.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
+            }
 
-            case R.id.find_on_page:
-                // Hide the URL app bar.
-                supportAppBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+            // Add the base search URL.
+            url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+        }
 
-                // Show the Find on Page `RelativeLayout`.
-                findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
+        urlEditText.clearFocus();
 
-                // Display the keyboard.  We have to wait 200 ms before running the command to work around a bug in Android.
-                // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5520085/android-show-softkeyboard-with-showsoftinput-is-not-working
-                findOnPageEditText.postDelayed(() -> {
-                    // Set the focus on `findOnPageEditText`.
-                    findOnPageEditText.requestFocus();
+        // Make it so.
+        loadUrl(url);
+    }
 
-                    // Display the keyboard.  `0` sets no input flags.
-                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(findOnPageEditText, 0);
-                }, 200);
-                return true;
+    private void loadUrl(String url) {
+        // Sanitize the URL.
+        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
 
-            case R.id.view_source:
-                // Launch the View Source activity.
-                Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
-                startActivity(viewSourceIntent);
-                return true;
+        // Apply the domain settings.
+        applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, url, true, false);
 
-            case R.id.share_url:
-                // Setup the share string.
-                String shareString = webViewTitle + " – " + urlTextBox.getText().toString();
+        // Load the URL.
+        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
+    }
 
-                // Create the share intent.
-                Intent shareIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
-                shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, shareString);
-                shareIntent.setType("text/plain");
+    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(false);
+    }
 
-                // Make it so.
-                startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, getString(R.string.share_url)));
-                return true;
+    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(true);
+    }
 
-            case R.id.print:
-                // Get a `PrintManager` instance.
-                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
+    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
+        // Get a handle for the views.
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
-                // Convert `mainWebView` to `printDocumentAdapter`.
-                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = mainWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
+        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
+        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
 
-                // Remove the lint error below that `printManager` might be `null`.
-                assert printManager != null;
+        // Clear the highlighted phrases if the WebView is not null.
+        if (currentWebView != null) {
+            currentWebView.clearMatches();
+        }
 
-                // Print the document.  The print attributes are `null`.
-                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
-                return true;
+        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-            case R.id.open_with_app:
-                openWithApp(formattedUrlString);
-                return true;
+        // Show the toolbar.
+        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-            case R.id.open_with_browser:
-                openWithBrowser(formattedUrlString);
-                return true;
+        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
-                // Show the alert dialog.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = new CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog();
-                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(supportFragmentManager, getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-                //Everything else will be handled by the alert dialog and the associated listener below.
-                return true;
+        // Hide the keyboard.
+        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(toolbar.getWindowToken(), 0);
+    }
 
-            case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
-                // Toggle the proxy through Orbot variable.
-                proxyThroughOrbot = !proxyThroughOrbot;
+    private void applyAppSettings() {
+        // Initialize the app if this is the first run.  This is done here instead of in `onCreate()` to shorten the time that an unthemed background is displayed on app startup.
+        if (webViewDefaultUserAgent == null) {
+            initializeApp();
+        }
 
-                // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
-                applyProxyThroughOrbot(true);
-                return true;
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-            case R.id.refresh:
-                if (menuItem.getTitle().equals(getString(R.string.refresh))) {  // The refresh button was pushed.
-                    // Reload the WebView.
-                    mainWebView.reload();
-                } else {  // The stop button was pushed.
-                    // Stop the loading of the WebView.
-                    mainWebView.stopLoading();
-                }
-                return true;
+        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
+        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
+        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
+        sanitizeGoogleAnalytics = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("google_analytics", true);
+        sanitizeFacebookClickIds = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("facebook_click_ids", true);
+        sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("twitter_amp_redirects", true);
+        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
+        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
+        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
+        scrollAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true);
 
-            case R.id.ad_consent:
-                // Display the ad consent dialog.
-                DialogFragment adConsentDialogFragment = new AdConsentDialog();
-                adConsentDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ad_consent));
-                return true;
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
+        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-            default:
-                // Don't consume the event.
-                return super.onOptionsItemSelected(menuItem);
+        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
+        assert actionBar != null;
+
+        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
+
+        // Set Do Not Track status.
+        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
+            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
+        } else {
+            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
         }
-    }
 
-    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-    @Override
-    public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
-        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
+        // Get the current layout parameters.  Using coordinator layout parameters allows the `setBehavior()` command and using app bar layout parameters allows the `setScrollFlags()` command.
+        CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams swipeRefreshLayoutParams = (CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams) swipeRefreshLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams toolbarLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) toolbar.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams findOnPageLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) findOnPageLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams tabsLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) tabsLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+
+        // Add the scrolling behavior to the layout parameters.
+        if (scrollAppBar) {
+            // Enable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(new AppBarLayout.ScrollingViewBehavior());
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+        } else {
+            // Disable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(null);
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+
+            // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
+            appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
+        }
 
-        switch (menuItemId) {
-            case R.id.home:
-                loadUrl(homepage);
-                break;
+        // Apply the modified layout parameters.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setLayoutParams(swipeRefreshLayoutParams);
+        toolbar.setLayoutParams(toolbarLayoutParams);
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(findOnPageLayoutParams);
+        tabsLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(tabsLayoutParams);
 
-            case R.id.back:
-                if (mainWebView.canGoBack()) {
-                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-                    formattedUrlString = "";
+        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-                    // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    navigatingHistory = true;
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-                    // Load the previous website in the history.
-                    mainWebView.goBack();
-                }
-                break;
+            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-            case R.id.forward:
-                if (mainWebView.canGoForward()) {
-                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-                    formattedUrlString = "";
+                // Set the app bar scrolling.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(scrollAppBar);
+            }
+        }
 
-                    // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    navigatingHistory = true;
+        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
+        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
+            if (hideAppBar) {
+                // Hide the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-                    // Load the next website in the history.
-                    mainWebView.goForward();
-                }
-                break;
+                // Hide the action bar.
+                actionBar.hide();
+            } else {
+                // Show the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-            case R.id.history:
-                // Get the `WebBackForwardList`.
-                WebBackForwardList webBackForwardList = mainWebView.copyBackForwardList();
+                // Show the action bar.
+                actionBar.show();
+            }
 
-                // Show the `UrlHistoryDialog` `AlertDialog` and name this instance `R.string.history`.  `this` is the `Context`.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(this, webBackForwardList);
-                urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(supportFragmentManager, getString(R.string.history));
-                break;
+            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+            }
 
-            case R.id.requests:
-                // Launch the requests activity.
-                Intent requestsIntent = new Intent(this, RequestsActivity.class);
-                startActivity(requestsIntent);
-                break;
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-            case R.id.downloads:
-                // Launch the system Download Manager.
-                Intent downloadManagerIntent = new Intent(DownloadManager.ACTION_VIEW_DOWNLOADS);
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
+            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
 
-                // Launch as a new task so that Download Manager and Privacy Browser show as separate windows in the recent tasks list.
-                downloadManagerIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+            // Show the tab linear layout.
+            tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-                startActivity(downloadManagerIntent);
-                break;
+            // Show the action bar.
+            actionBar.show();
 
-            case R.id.domains:
-                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
-                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                currentDomainName = "";
+            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
+                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+            }
 
-                // Launch the domains activity.
-                Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
-                startActivity(domainsIntent);
-                break;
+            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
 
-            case R.id.settings:
-                // Set the flag to reapply app settings on restart when returning from Settings.
-                reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = true;
+            // Add the translucent status flag.
+            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+        }
+    }
 
-                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
-                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                currentDomainName = "";
+    private void initializeApp() {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                // Launch the settings activity.
-                Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
-                startActivity(settingsIntent);
-                break;
-
-            case R.id.import_export:
-                // Launch the import/export activity.
-                Intent importExportIntent = new Intent (this, ImportExportActivity.class);
-                startActivity(importExportIntent);
-                break;
+        // Get the theme preference.
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-            case R.id.logcat:
-                // Launch the logcat activity.
-                Intent logcatIntent = new Intent(this, LogcatActivity.class);
-                startActivity(logcatIntent);
-                break;
+        // Get a handle for the input method.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-            case R.id.guide:
-                // Launch `GuideActivity`.
-                Intent guideIntent = new Intent(this, GuideActivity.class);
-                startActivity(guideIntent);
-                break;
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-            case R.id.about:
-                // Launch `AboutActivity`.
-                Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
-                startActivity(aboutIntent);
-                break;
+        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
+        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
+        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
 
-            case R.id.clear_and_exit:
-                // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
-                bookmarksCursor.close();
-                bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
+        // Get handles for the URL views.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
 
-                // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
-                SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+        // Remove the formatting from the URL edit text when the user is editing the text.
+        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
+            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
+                // Remove the highlighting.
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
+            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
+                // Move to the beginning of the string.
+                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
 
-                // Get the status of the clear everything preference.
-                boolean clearEverything = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_everything", true);
+                // Reapply the highlighting.
+                highlightUrlText();
+            }
+        });
 
-                // Clear cookies.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cookies", true)) {
-                    // The command to remove cookies changed slightly in API 21.
-                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                        cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
-                    } else {
-                        cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
-                    }
+        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
+        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
+            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
+                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
+                loadUrlFromTextBox();
 
-                    // Manually delete the cookies database, as `CookieManager` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // Two commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        Process deleteCookiesProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies");
-                        Process deleteCookiesJournalProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies-journal");
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteCookiesProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteCookiesJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {
+                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
+                return false;
+            }
+        });
 
-                // Clear DOM storage.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_dom_storage", true)) {
-                    // Ask `WebStorage` to clear the DOM storage.
-                    WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
-                    webStorage.deleteAllData();
+        // Initialize the Orbot status and the waiting for Orbot trackers.
+        orbotStatus = "unknown";
+        waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-                    // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories, as `WebStorage` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
-
-                        // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        Process deleteIndexProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                        Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                        Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                        Process deleteDatabaseProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteDatabaseProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
+        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
+            @Override
+            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
+                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
+                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
 
-                // Clear form data if the API < 26.
-                if ((Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) && (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_form_data", true))) {
-                    WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
-                    webViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
+                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
+                    // Reset the waiting for Orbot status.
+                    waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-                    // Manually delete the form data database, as `WebViewDatabase` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // A string array must be used because the database contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not otherwise escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteWebDataProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data"});
-                        Process deleteWebDataJournalProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data-journal"});
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteWebDataProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteWebDataJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+                    // Get the intent that started the app.
+                    Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
 
-                // Clear the cache.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cache", true)) {
-                    // `true` includes disk files.
-                    mainWebView.clearCache(true);
+                    // Get the information from the intent.
+                    String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
+                    Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
 
-                    // Manually delete the cache directories.
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the main cache directory.
-                        Process deleteCacheProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
+                    // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+                    if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
+                        // Create an encoded URL string.
+                        String encodedUrlString;
 
-                        // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
-                        // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteServiceWorkerProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
+                        // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                        try {
+                            encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                            encodedUrlString = "";
+                        }
 
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteCacheProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteServiceWorkerProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+                        // Load the completed search URL.
+                        loadUrl(searchURL + encodedUrlString);
+                    } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
+                        // Load the URL from the intent.
+                        loadUrl(launchingIntentUriData.toString());
+                    } else {  // The is no URL in the intent.
+                        // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                            // Load the Tor homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                        } else {
+                            // Load the normal homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                        }
                     }
                 }
+            }
+        };
 
-                // Clear SSL certificate preferences.
-                mainWebView.clearSslPreferences();
+        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
+        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
 
-                // Clear the back/forward history.
-                mainWebView.clearHistory();
+        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
-                // Clear `formattedUrlString`.
-                formattedUrlString = null;
+        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
+        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
 
-                // Clear `customHeaders`.
-                customHeaders.clear();
+        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
+        Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
+        MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(2);
+        MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
+        MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
+        MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
 
-                // Detach all views from `mainWebViewRelativeLayout`.
-                mainWebViewRelativeLayout.removeAllViews();
+        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
+        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-                // Destroy the internal state of `mainWebView`.
-                mainWebView.destroy();
+            @Override
+            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
+                // Close the find on page bar if it is open.
+                closeFindOnPage(null);
 
-                // Manually delete the `app_webview` folder, which contains the cookies, DOM storage, form data, and `Service Worker` cache.
-                // See `https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=233826&thanks=233826&ts=1486670530`.
-                if (clearEverything) {
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the folder.
-                        Process deleteAppWebviewProcess = privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview");
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(position);
 
-                        // Wait until the process has finished.
-                        deleteAppWebviewProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager or by creating a new tab.
+                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
+                    // Create a handler to select the tab.
+                    Handler selectTabHandler = new Handler();
 
-                // Close Privacy Browser.  `finishAndRemoveTask` also removes Privacy Browser from the recent app list.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    finishAndRemoveTask();
-                } else {
-                    finish();
-                }
+                    // Create a runnable to select the tab.
+                    Runnable selectTabRunnable = () -> {
+                        // Get a handle for the tab.
+                        TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
 
-                // Remove the terminated program from RAM.  The status code is `0`.
-                System.exit(0);
-                break;
-        }
+                        // Assert that the tab is not null.
+                        assert tab != null;
 
-        // Close the navigation drawer.
-        drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-        return true;
-    }
+                        // Select the tab.
+                        tab.select();
+                    };
 
-    @Override
-    public void onPostCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
-        super.onPostCreate(savedInstanceState);
+                    // Select the tab layout after 150 milliseconds, which leaves enough time for a new tab to be inflated.
+                    selectTabHandler.postDelayed(selectTabRunnable, 150);
+                }
+            }
 
-        // Sync the state of the DrawerToggle after onRestoreInstanceState has finished.
-        drawerToggle.syncState();
-    }
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+        });
 
-    @Override
-    public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {
-        super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
+        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
+        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Select the same page in the view pager.
+                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
+            }
 
-        // Get the status bar pixel size.
-        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
-        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
+            @Override
+            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-        // Get the resource density.
-        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
+            @Override
+            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = ViewSslCertificateDialog.displayDialog(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-        // Recalculate the drawer header padding.
-        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
+            }
+        });
 
-        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if not in full screen mode.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free") && !inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
-            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
+        // The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21 and and `getResources().getColor()` must be used until the minimum API >= 23.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
+        } else {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
         }
 
-        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` should recalculate the number of action buttons from the menu to display on the app bar, but it doesn't because of the this bug:
-        // https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=20493#c8
-        // ActivityCompat.invalidateOptionsMenu(this);
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View view, ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
-        // Store the `HitTestResult`.
-        final WebView.HitTestResult hitTestResult = mainWebView.getHitTestResult();
+        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
+        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
+            Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon();
 
-        // Create strings.
-        final String imageUrl;
-        final String linkUrl;
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-        // Get a handle for the `ClipboardManager`.
-        final ClipboardManager clipboardManager = (ClipboardManager) getSystemService(CLIPBOARD_SERVICE);
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-        // Remove the lint errors below that `clipboardManager` might be `null`.
-        assert clipboardManager != null;
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-        switch (hitTestResult.getType()) {
-            // `SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE` is a link.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE:
-                // Get the target URL.
-                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
+            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
 
-                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+            // Add the extra information to the intent.
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_title", currentWebView.getTitle());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("favorite_icon_byte_array", favoriteIconByteArray);
 
-                // Add a Load URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.load_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    loadUrl(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Make it so.
+            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
+        });
 
-                // Add a Copy URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Save the link URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), linkUrl);
+        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Create a create bookmark folder dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.createBookmarkFolder(currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcAnchorTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog.
+            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_folder));
+        });
 
-                // Add a Download URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
-                        openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
-                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
-                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
-                            // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
-                            downloadUrl = linkUrl;
-                            downloadContentDisposition = "none";
-                            downloadContentLength = -1;
+        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
+            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
-                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
+            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
+            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
+        });
 
-                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
-                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
-                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                            }
-                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                            // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
-                            AppCompatDialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
+        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
+        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
+            @Override
+            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-                            // Show the download file alert dialog.
-                            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(supportFragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                        }
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
+            @Override
+            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-                // Add an Open with App entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            @Override
+            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
+                // Search for the text in the WebView if it is not null.  Sometimes on resume after a period of non-use the WebView will be null.
+                if (currentWebView != null) {
+                    currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
+                }
+            }
+        });
 
-                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
+        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
+                // Hide the soft keyboard.
+                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
 
-                // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+                // Consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
+                // Do not consume the event.
+                return false;
+            }
+        });
 
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.EMAIL_TYPE:
-                // Get the target URL.
-                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+        // Implement swipe to refresh.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
 
-                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+        // Store the default progress view offsets for use later in `initializeWebView()`.
+        defaultProgressViewStartOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset();
+        defaultProgressViewEndOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset();
 
-                // Add a Write Email entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
-                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
+        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
+        } else {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
+        }
+
+        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
+
+        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
+
+        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
+        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
+
+        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
+        loadBookmarksFolder();
+
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
+            int databaseID = (int) id;
+
+            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
+            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
+            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
+
+            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
+            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
+                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
+                // Load the bookmark URL.
+                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
+
+                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
+
+            // Close the `Cursor`.
+            bookmarkCursor.close();
+        });
+
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
+            int databaseId = (int) id;
+
+            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
+            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
+
+            if (isFolder) {
+                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
+                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+
+                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_folder));
+            } else {
+                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
+            }
+
+            // Consume the event.
+            return true;
+        });
+
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
+
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
+
+        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+
+        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
+        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
+            }
+
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
+            }
+
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
+            }
+
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
+                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
+                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
+                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
+                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
+
+                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
+
+                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
+
+                    // Update the navigation menu items if the WebView is not null.
+                    if (currentWebView != null) {
+                        navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoBack());
+                        navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoForward());
+                        navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((currentWebView.canGoBack() || currentWebView.canGoForward()));
+                        navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+
+                        // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
+                        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+                    }
+
+                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
+                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
+                    currentWebView.clearFocus();
+                }
+            }
+        });
+
+        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
+        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
+
+        // Inflate a bare WebView to get the default user agent.  It is not used to render content on the screen.
+        @SuppressLint("InflateParams") View webViewLayout = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bare_webview, null, false);
+
+        // Get a handle for the WebView.
+        WebView bareWebView = webViewLayout.findViewById(R.id.bare_webview);
+
+        // Store the default user agent.
+        webViewDefaultUserAgent = bareWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+
+        // Destroy the bare WebView.
+        bareWebView.destroy();
+    }
+
+    // `reloadWebsite` is used if returning from the Domains activity.  Otherwise JavaScript might not function correctly if it is newly enabled.
+    @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
+    private boolean applyDomainSettings(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, String url, boolean resetTab, boolean reloadWebsite) {
+        // Store a copy of the current user agent to track changes for the return boolean.
+        String initialUserAgent = nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+
+        // Parse the URL into a URI.
+        Uri uri = Uri.parse(url);
+
+        // Extract the domain from `uri`.
+        String newHostName = uri.getHost();
+
+        // Strings don't like to be null.
+        if (newHostName == null) {
+            newHostName = "";
+        }
+
+        // Apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded or if the new domain is blank.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
+        if (!nestedScrollWebView.getCurrentDomainName().equals(newHostName) || newHostName.equals("")) {
+            // Set the new host name as the current domain name.
+            nestedScrollWebView.setCurrentDomainName(newHostName);
+
+            // Reset the ignoring of pinned domain information.
+            nestedScrollWebView.setIgnorePinnedDomainInformation(false);
+
+            // Clear any pinned SSL certificate or IP addresses.
+            nestedScrollWebView.clearPinnedSslCertificate();
+            nestedScrollWebView.clearPinnedIpAddresses();
+
+            // Reset the favorite icon if specified.
+            if (resetTab) {
+                // Initialize the favorite icon.
+                nestedScrollWebView.initializeFavoriteIcon();
+
+                // Get the current page position.
+                int currentPagePosition = webViewPagerAdapter.getPositionForId(nestedScrollWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
+
+                // Get a handle for the tab layout.
+                TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+
+                // Get the corresponding tab.
+                TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(currentPagePosition);
+
+                // Update the tab if it isn't null, which sometimes happens when restarting from the background.
+                if (tab != null) {
+                    // Get the tab custom view.
+                    View tabCustomView = tab.getCustomView();
+
+                    // Remove the warning below that the tab custom view might be null.
+                    assert tabCustomView != null;
+
+                    // Get the tab views.
+                    ImageView tabFavoriteIconImageView = tabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon_imageview);
+                    TextView tabTitleTextView = tabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
+
+                    // Set the default favorite icon as the favorite icon for this tab.
+                    tabFavoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(nestedScrollWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon(), 64, 64, true));
+
+                    // Set the loading title text.
+                    tabTitleTextView.setText(R.string.loading);
+                }
+            }
+
+            // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
+            DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
+
+            // Get a full cursor from `domainsDatabaseHelper`.
+            Cursor domainNameCursor = domainsDatabaseHelper.getDomainNameCursorOrderedByDomain();
+
+            // Initialize `domainSettingsSet`.
+            Set<String> domainSettingsSet = new HashSet<>();
+
+            // Get the domain name column index.
+            int domainNameColumnIndex = domainNameCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DOMAIN_NAME);
+
+            // Populate `domainSettingsSet`.
+            for (int i = 0; i < domainNameCursor.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Move `domainsCursor` to the current row.
+                domainNameCursor.moveToPosition(i);
+
+                // Store the domain name in `domainSettingsSet`.
+                domainSettingsSet.add(domainNameCursor.getString(domainNameColumnIndex));
+            }
+
+            // Close `domainNameCursor.
+            domainNameCursor.close();
+
+            // Initialize the domain name in database variable.
+            String domainNameInDatabase = null;
+
+            // Check the hostname against the domain settings set.
+            if (domainSettingsSet.contains(newHostName)) {  // The hostname is contained in the domain settings set.
+                // Record the domain name in the database.
+                domainNameInDatabase = newHostName;
+
+                // Set the domain settings applied tracker to true.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsApplied(true);
+            } else {  // The hostname is not contained in the domain settings set.
+                // Set the domain settings applied tracker to false.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsApplied(false);
+            }
+
+            // Check all the subdomains of the host name against wildcard domains in the domain cursor.
+            while (!nestedScrollWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied() && newHostName.contains(".")) {  // Stop checking if domain settings are already applied or there are no more `.` in the host name.
+                if (domainSettingsSet.contains("*." + newHostName)) {  // Check the host name prepended by `*.`.
+                    // Set the domain settings applied tracker to true.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsApplied(true);
+
+                    // Store the applied domain names as it appears in the database.
+                    domainNameInDatabase = "*." + newHostName;
+                }
+
+                // Strip out the lowest subdomain of of the host name.
+                newHostName = newHostName.substring(newHostName.indexOf(".") + 1);
+            }
+
+
+            // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+            // Store the general preference information.
+            String defaultFontSizeString = sharedPreferences.getString("font_size", getString(R.string.font_size_default_value));
+            String defaultUserAgentName = sharedPreferences.getString("user_agent", getString(R.string.user_agent_default_value));
+            boolean defaultSwipeToRefresh = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("swipe_to_refresh", true);
+            boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+            boolean wideViewport = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("wide_viewport", true);
+            boolean displayWebpageImages = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
+
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+
+            // Get handles for the views.
+            RelativeLayout urlRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.url_relativelayout);
+            SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+
+            // Initialize the user agent array adapter and string array.
+            ArrayAdapter<CharSequence> userAgentNamesArray = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this, R.array.user_agent_names, R.layout.spinner_item);
+            String[] userAgentDataArray = getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data);
+
+            if (nestedScrollWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // The url has custom domain settings.
+                // Get a cursor for the current host and move it to the first position.
+                Cursor currentDomainSettingsCursor = domainsDatabaseHelper.getCursorForDomainName(domainNameInDatabase);
+                currentDomainSettingsCursor.moveToFirst();
+
+                // Get the settings from the cursor.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsDatabaseId(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper._ID)));
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_JAVASCRIPT)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FIRST_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
+                boolean domainThirdPartyCookiesEnabled = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_THIRD_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_DOM_STORAGE)) == 1);
+                // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+                boolean saveFormData = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FORM_DATA)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_EASYLIST)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_EASYPRIVACY)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_ULTRAPRIVACY)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.BLOCK_ALL_THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS)) == 1);
+                String userAgentName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.USER_AGENT));
+                int fontSize = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.FONT_SIZE));
+                int swipeToRefreshInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH));
+                int nightModeInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE));
+                int wideViewportInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.WIDE_VIEWPORT));
+                int displayWebpageImagesInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_IMAGES));
+                boolean pinnedSslCertificate = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_SSL_CERTIFICATE)) == 1);
+                String pinnedSslIssuedToCName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_COMMON_NAME));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedToOName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATION));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedToUName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedByCName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_COMMON_NAME));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedByOName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATION));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedByUName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
+                boolean pinnedIpAddresses = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_IP_ADDRESSES)) == 1);
+                String pinnedHostIpAddresses = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.IP_ADDRESSES));
+
+                // Create the pinned SSL date variables.
+                Date pinnedSslStartDate;
+                Date pinnedSslEndDate;
+
+                // Set the pinned SSL certificate start date to `null` if the saved date `long` is 0 because creating a new Date results in an error if the input is 0.
+                if (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_START_DATE)) == 0) {
+                    pinnedSslStartDate = null;
+                } else {
+                    pinnedSslStartDate = new Date(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_START_DATE)));
+                }
+
+                // Set the pinned SSL certificate end date to `null` if the saved date `long` is 0 because creating a new Date results in an error if the input is 0.
+                if (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_END_DATE)) == 0) {
+                    pinnedSslEndDate = null;
+                } else {
+                    pinnedSslEndDate = new Date(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_END_DATE)));
+                }
+
+                // If there is a pinned SSL certificate, store it in the WebView.
+                if (pinnedSslCertificate) {
+                    nestedScrollWebView.setPinnedSslCertificate(pinnedSslIssuedToCName, pinnedSslIssuedToOName, pinnedSslIssuedToUName, pinnedSslIssuedByCName, pinnedSslIssuedByOName, pinnedSslIssuedByUName,
+                            pinnedSslStartDate, pinnedSslEndDate);
+                }
+
+                // If there is a pinned IP address, store it in the WebView.
+                if (pinnedIpAddresses) {
+                    nestedScrollWebView.setPinnedIpAddresses(pinnedHostIpAddresses);
+                }
+
+                // Set night mode according to the night mode int.
+                switch (nightModeInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        // Set night mode according to the current default.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false));
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        // Enable night mode.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(true);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        // Disable night mode.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(false);
+                        break;
+                }
+
+                // Enable JavaScript if night mode is enabled.
+                if (nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {
+                    // Enable JavaScript.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
+                } else {
+                    // Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(nestedScrollWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
+                }
+
+                // Close the current host domain settings cursor.
+                currentDomainSettingsCursor.close();
+
+                // Apply the domain settings.
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(nestedScrollWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies());
+
+                // Set third-party cookies status if API >= 21.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(nestedScrollWebView, domainThirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                }
+
+                // Apply the form data setting if the API < 26.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormData);
+                }
+
+                // Apply the font size.
+                if (fontSize == 0) {  // Apply the default font size.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(Integer.valueOf(defaultFontSizeString));
+                } else {  // Apply the specified font size.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(fontSize);
+                }
+
+                // Set the user agent.
+                if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
+                    // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
+                    int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
+
+                    // Set the user agent according to the system default.
+                    switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the default custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                            break;
+
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
+                    }
+                } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
+                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
+
+                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
+
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
+                    }
+                }
+
+                // Set swipe to refresh.
+                switch (swipeToRefreshInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
+
+                        // Apply swipe to refresh according to the default.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 23 because it is continuously set by an on scroll change listener.
+                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
+                  &nbs