Speed up the initial loading of Privacy Browser.
[PrivacyBrowser.git] / app / src / main / java / com / stoutner / privacybrowser / activities / MainWebViewActivity.java
index 7900b06..895f20a 100644 (file)
@@ -115,6 +115,7 @@ import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.BuildConfig;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.R;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.adapters.WebViewPagerAdapter;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.GetHostIpAddresses;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.PopulateBlocklists;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.AdConsentDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkFolderDialog;
@@ -130,7 +131,7 @@ import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.UrlHistoryDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.ViewSslCertificateDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.fragments.WebViewTabFragment;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.AdHelper;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlockListHelper;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlocklistHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.CheckPinnedMismatchHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.DomainsDatabaseHelper;
@@ -157,7 +158,7 @@ import java.util.Set;
 // AppCompatActivity from android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity must be used to have access to the SupportActionBar until the minimum API is >= 21.
 public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBookmarkDialog.CreateBookmarkListener, CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.CreateBookmarkFolderListener,
         DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener, DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DownloadLocationPermissionDialogListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener,
-        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener {
+        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PopulateBlocklists.PopulateBlocklistsListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener {
 
     // `orbotStatus` is public static so it can be accessed from `OrbotProxyHelper`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     public static String orbotStatus;
@@ -199,7 +200,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // The options menu is set in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `updatePrivacyIcons()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
     private Menu optionsMenu;
 
-    // The blocklists are populated in `onCreate()` and accessed from `initializeWebView()`.
+    // The blocklists are populated in `finishedPopulatingBlocklists()` and accessed from `initializeWebView()`.
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyList;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyPrivacy;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysAnnoyanceList;
@@ -281,6 +282,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
     // The URL sanitizers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `sanitizeUrl()`.
     private boolean sanitizeGoogleAnalytics;
+    private boolean sanitizeFacebookClickIds;
+    private boolean sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects;
 
     // The download strings are used in `onCreate()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()` and `initializeWebView()`.
     private String downloadUrl;
@@ -298,6 +301,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // Remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
     @SuppressLint("ClickableViewAccessibility")
     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
+        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
@@ -322,15 +328,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
         // Set the content view.
         setContentView(R.layout.main_framelayout);
-
-        // Get a handle for the input method.
-        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
-
-        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
-        assert inputMethodManager != null;
-
-        // Get a handle for the toolbar.
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
         Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
 
         // Set the action bar.  `SupportActionBar` must be used until the minimum API is >= 21.
         setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
@@ -345,742 +346,301 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         actionBar.setCustomView(R.layout.url_app_bar);
         actionBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
 
-        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
-        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
-        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
-        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
-
-        // Get handles for the URL views.
-        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
-
-        // Remove the formatting from `urlTextBar` when the user is editing the text.
-        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
-            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
-                // Remove the highlighting.
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
-            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
-                // Move to the beginning of the string.
-                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
+        // Initially disable the sliding drawers.  They will be enabled once the blocklists are loaded.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_LOCKED_CLOSED);
 
-                // Reapply the highlighting.
-                highlightUrlText();
-            }
-        });
+        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
 
-        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
-        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
-            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
-                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
-                loadUrlFromTextBox();
+        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
+        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
 
-                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {
-                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
+        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
+        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
 
-        // Initialize the Orbot status and the waiting for Orbot trackers.
-        orbotStatus = "unknown";
-        waitingForOrbot = false;
+        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
+        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
 
-        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
-        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
-            @Override
-            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
-                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
-                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
+        // Populate the blocklists.
+        new PopulateBlocklists(this, this).execute();
+    }
 
-                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
-                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Reset the waiting for Orbot status.
-                    waitingForOrbot = false;
+    @Override
+    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
+        // Get the information from the intent.
+        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
+        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
 
-                    // Get the intent that started the app.
-                    Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
+        // Determine if this is a web search.
+        boolean isWebSearch = ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH));
 
-                    // Get the information from the intent.
-                    String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
-                    Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
+        // Only process the URI if it contains data or it is a web search.  If the user pressed the desktop icon after the app was already running the URI will be null.
+        if (intentUriData != null || isWebSearch) {
+            // Get the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                    // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
-                    if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
-                        // Create an encoded URL string.
-                        String encodedUrlString;
+            // Create a URL string.
+            String url;
 
-                        // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-                        try {
-                            encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
-                        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                            encodedUrlString = "";
-                        }
+            // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+            if (isWebSearch) {
+                // Create an encoded URL string.
+                String encodedUrlString;
 
-                        // Load the completed search URL.
-                        loadUrl(searchURL + encodedUrlString);
-                    } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
-                        // Load the URL from the intent.
-                        loadUrl(launchingIntentUriData.toString());
-                    } else {  // The is no URL in the intent.
-                        // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
-                        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
-                            // Load the Tor homepage.
-                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
-                        } else {
-                            // Load the normal homepage.
-                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
-                        }
-                    }
+                // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                try {
+                    encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                    encodedUrlString = "";
                 }
+
+                // Add the base search URL.
+                url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+            } else {  // The intent should contain a URL.
+                // Set the intent data as the URL.
+                url = intentUriData.toString();
             }
-        };
 
-        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
-        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
+            // Add a new tab if specified in the preferences.
+            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("open_intents_in_new_tab", true)) {  // Load the URL in a new tab.
+                // Set the loading new intent flag.
+                loadingNewIntent = true;
 
-        // Instantiate the blocklist helper.
-        BlockListHelper blockListHelper = new BlockListHelper();
+                // Add a new tab.
+                addNewTab(url);
+            } else {  // Load the URL in the current tab.
+                // Make it so.
+                loadUrl(url);
+            }
 
-        // Parse the block lists.
-        easyList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easylist.txt");
-        easyPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easyprivacy.txt");
-        fanboysAnnoyanceList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-annoyance.txt");
-        fanboysSocialList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-social.txt");
-        ultraPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/ultraprivacy.txt");
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-        NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
-        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
-        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
-        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
-        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
-        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
-        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+            }
 
-        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
-        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
+        }
+    }
 
-        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
-        Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
-        MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(2);
-        MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
-        MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
-        MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
+    @Override
+    public void onRestart() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onRestart();
 
-        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
-        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
+        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
+        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
+            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
 
-        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
-        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
+            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
+            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
 
-        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
-        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
+            // Make it so.
+            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
+        }
 
-        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
-        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity.
+        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply app settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-            @Override
-            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
-                // Close the find on page bar if it is open.
-                closeFindOnPage(null);
+            // Apply the app settings.
+            applyAppSettings();
+        }
 
-                // Set the current WebView.
-                setCurrentWebView(position);
+        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the settings or domains activity.
+        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply domain settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager or by creating a new tab.
-                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
-                    // Create a handler to select the tab.
-                    Handler selectTabHandler = new Handler();
+            // Reapply the domain settings for each tab.
+            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-                    // Create a runnable select the new tab.
-                    Runnable selectTabRunnable = () -> {
-                        // Get a handle for the tab.
-                        TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
+                // Get the fragment view.
+                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-                        // Assert that the tab is not null.
-                        assert tab != null;
+                // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
+                if (fragmentView != null) {
+                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-                        // Select the tab.
-                        tab.select();
-                    };
+                    // Reset the current domain name so the domain settings will be reapplied.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                    // Select the tab layout after 100 milliseconds, which leaves enough time for a new tab to be created.
-                    selectTabHandler.postDelayed(selectTabRunnable, 100);
+                    // Reapply the domain settings if the URL is not null, which can happen if an empty tab is active when returning from settings.
+                    if (nestedScrollWebView.getUrl() != null) {
+                        applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, nestedScrollWebView.getUrl(), false, true);
+                    }
                 }
             }
+        }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
-        });
+        // Load the URL on restart (used when loading a bookmark).
+        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
+            // Load the specified URL.
+            loadUrl(urlToLoadOnRestart);
 
-        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
-        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Select the same page in the view pager.
-                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+            // Reset the load on restart tracker.
+            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
+        }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
-                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = ViewSslCertificateDialog.displayDialog(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
+        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
+        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
-                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
-            }
-        });
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
 
-        // Add the first tab.
-        addTab(null);
+            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
+            loadBookmarksFolder();
 
-        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
-        // The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21 and and `getResources().getColor()` must be used until the minimum API >= 23.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
-        } else {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
+            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
+            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
         }
 
-        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
-        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
-            Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon();
-
-            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+    }
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
+    @Override
+    public void onResume() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onResume();
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
-            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-            // Add the extra information to the intent.
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_title", currentWebView.getTitle());
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("favorite_icon_byte_array", favoriteIconByteArray);
+            // Only resume the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-            // Make it so.
-            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
-        });
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
+                nestedScrollWebView.resumeTimers();
 
-        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Create a create bookmark folder dialog.
-            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.createBookmarkFolder(currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.onResume();
+            }
+        }
 
-            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog.
-            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_folder));
-        });
+        // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
+        if (waitingForOrbot && !orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
+            // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
+            currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
-        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
-            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
-            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+            // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
+            currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
+        }
 
-            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
-            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
-        });
+        if (displayingFullScreenVideo || inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Get a handle for the root frame layouts.
+            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
 
-        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
-        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
-            @Override
-            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {  // Resume the adView for the free flavor.
+            // Resume the ad.
+            AdHelper.resumeAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+        }
+    }
 
-            @Override
-            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
-                // Search for the text in the WebView if it is not null.  Sometimes on resume after a period of non-use the WebView will be null.
-                if (currentWebView != null) {
-                    currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
-                }
-            }
-        });
+    @Override
+    public void onPause() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onPause();
 
-        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
-        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
-                // Hide the soft keyboard.
-                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-                // Consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
-                // Do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-        // Implement swipe to refresh.
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
+            // Only pause the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-        // Store the default progress view offsets for use later in `initializeWebView()`.
-        defaultProgressViewStartOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset();
-        defaultProgressViewEndOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset();
+                // Pause the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.onPause();
 
-        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
-        } else {
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
+                // Pause the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
+                nestedScrollWebView.pauseTimers();
+            }
         }
 
-        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
+        // Pause the ad or it will continue to consume resources in the background on the free flavor.
+        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+            // Pause the ad.
+            AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+        }
+    }
 
-        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
+    @Override
+    public void onDestroy() {
+        // Unregister the Orbot status broadcast receiver.
+        this.unregisterReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver);
 
-        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
-        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
+        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
+        bookmarksCursor.close();
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
 
-        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
-        loadBookmarksFolder();
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onDestroy();
+    }
 
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
-            int databaseID = (int) id;
+    @Override
+    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
+        // Inflate the menu.  This adds items to the action bar if it is present.
+        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.webview_options_menu, menu);
 
-            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
-            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
-            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
+        // Store a handle for the options menu so it can be used by `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
+        optionsMenu = menu;
 
-            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
-            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
-                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+        // Set the initial status of the privacy icons.  `false` does not call `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(false);
 
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
-            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
-                // Load the bookmark URL.
-                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
+        // Get handles for the menu items.
+        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
+        MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
 
-                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
+        // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
+        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21);
 
-            // Close the `Cursor`.
-            bookmarkCursor.close();
-        });
+        // Only display the form data menu items if the API < 26.
+        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
+        clearFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
 
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
-            int databaseId = (int) id;
-
-            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
-            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
-
-            if (isFolder) {
-                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
-                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
-
-                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
-                DialogFragment editBookmarkFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-                editBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_folder));
-            } else {
-                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
-                DialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
-            }
-
-            // Consume the event.
-            return true;
-        });
-
-        // Get the status bar pixel size.
-        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
-        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
-
-        // Get the resource density.
-        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
-
-        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
-        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
-
-        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
-        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
-                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
-                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
-                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
-                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
-
-                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
-                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
-                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
-                    }
-
-                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
-                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
-                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
-                    }
-
-                    // Update the navigation menu items.
-                    navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoBack());
-                    navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoForward());
-                    navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((currentWebView.canGoBack() || currentWebView.canGoForward()));
-                    navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-
-                    // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
-                    inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
-
-                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
-                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
-                    currentWebView.clearFocus();
-                }
-            }
-        });
-
-        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
-        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
-
-        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
-        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
-
-        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
-        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
-
-        // Inflate a bare WebView to get the default user agent.  It is not used to render content on the screen.
-        @SuppressLint("InflateParams") View webViewLayout = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bare_webview, null, false);
-
-        // Get a handle for the WebView.
-        WebView bareWebView = webViewLayout.findViewById(R.id.bare_webview);
-
-        // Store the default user agent.
-        webViewDefaultUserAgent = bareWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
-
-        // Destroy the bare WebView.
-        bareWebView.destroy();
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
-        // Get the information from the intent.
-        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
-        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
-
-        // Determine if this is a web search.
-        boolean isWebSearch = ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH));
-
-        // Only process the URI if it contains data or it is a web search.  If the user pressed the desktop icon after the app was already running the URI will be null.
-        if (intentUriData != null || isWebSearch) {
-            // Get the shared preferences.
-            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
-
-            // Create a URL string.
-            String url;
-
-            // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
-            if (isWebSearch) {
-                // Create an encoded URL string.
-                String encodedUrlString;
-
-                // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-                try {
-                    encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
-                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                    encodedUrlString = "";
-                }
-
-                // Add the base search URL.
-                url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-            } else {  // The intent should contain a URL.
-                // Set the intent data as the URL.
-                url = intentUriData.toString();
-            }
-
-            // Add a new tab if specified in the preferences.
-            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("open_intents_in_new_tab", true)) {  // Load the URL in a new tab.
-                // Set the loading new intent flag.
-                loadingNewIntent = true;
-
-                // Add a new tab.
-                addNewTab(url);
-            } else {  // Load the URL in the current tab.
-                // Make it so.
-                loadUrl(url);
-            }
-
-            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-
-            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-            }
-
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
-        }
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onRestart() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onRestart();
-
-        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
-        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
-            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
-            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
-
-            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
-            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
-
-            // Make it so.
-            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
-        }
-
-        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity.
-        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Reset the reapply app settings on restart tracker.
-            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
-
-            // Apply the app settings.
-            applyAppSettings();
-        }
-
-        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the settings or domains activity.
-        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Reset the reapply domain settings on restart tracker.
-            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
-
-            // Reapply the domain settings for each tab.
-            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-                // Get the fragment view.
-                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-                // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
-                if (fragmentView != null) {
-                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                    // Reset the current domain name so the domain settings will be reapplied.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
-
-                    // Reapply the domain settings if the URL is not null, which can happen if an empty tab is active when returning from settings.
-                    if (nestedScrollWebView.getUrl() != null) {
-                        applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, nestedScrollWebView.getUrl(), false, true);
-                    }
-                }
-            }
-        }
-
-        // Load the URL on restart (used when loading a bookmark).
-        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
-            // Load the specified URL.
-            loadUrl(urlToLoadOnRestart);
-
-            // Reset the load on restart tracker.
-            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
-        }
-
-        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
-        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
-            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-
-            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
-            loadBookmarksFolder();
-
-            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
-            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
-        }
-
-        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
-    }
-
-    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
-    @Override
-    public void onResume() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onResume();
-
-        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-            // Get the fragment view.
-            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-            // Only resume the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
-            if (fragmentView != null) {
-                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                // Resume the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
-                nestedScrollWebView.resumeTimers();
-
-                // Resume the nested scroll WebView.
-                nestedScrollWebView.onResume();
-            }
-        }
-
-        // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
-        if (waitingForOrbot && !orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
-            // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
-            currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
-
-            // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-            currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
-        }
-
-        if (displayingFullScreenVideo || inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
-            // Get a handle for the root frame layouts.
-            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
-
-            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
-            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-
-            /* Hide the system bars.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-             */
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
-                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-        } else if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {  // Resume the adView for the free flavor.
-            // Resume the ad.
-            AdHelper.resumeAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-        }
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onPause() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onPause();
-
-        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-            // Get the fragment view.
-            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-            // Only pause the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
-            if (fragmentView != null) {
-                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                // Pause the nested scroll WebView.
-                nestedScrollWebView.onPause();
-
-                // Pause the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
-                nestedScrollWebView.pauseTimers();
-            }
-        }
-
-        // Pause the ad or it will continue to consume resources in the background on the free flavor.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-            // Pause the ad.
-            AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-        }
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onDestroy() {
-        // Unregister the Orbot status broadcast receiver.
-        this.unregisterReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver);
-
-        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
-        bookmarksCursor.close();
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
-
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onDestroy();
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
-        // Inflate the menu.  This adds items to the action bar if it is present.
-        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.webview_options_menu, menu);
-
-        // Store a handle for the options menu so it can be used by `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
-        optionsMenu = menu;
-
-        // Set the initial status of the privacy icons.  `false` does not call `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(false);
-
-        // Get handles for the menu items.
-        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
-        MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
-
-        // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
-        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21);
-
-        // Only display the form data menu items if the API < 26.
-        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
-        clearFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
-
-        // Disable the clear form data menu item if the API >= 26 so that the status of the main Clear Data is calculated correctly.
-        clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
+        // Disable the clear form data menu item if the API >= 26 so that the status of the main Clear Data is calculated correctly.
+        clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
 
         // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
         adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
@@ -1118,6 +678,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
         }
 
+        // Done.
         return true;
     }
 
@@ -1142,6 +703,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
         MenuItem fontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size);
         MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
+        MenuItem wideViewportMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.wide_viewport);
         MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
         MenuItem nightModeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.night_mode);
         MenuItem proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.proxy_through_orbot);
@@ -1178,6 +740,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
             blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
             swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+            wideViewportMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
             displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
             nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getNightMode());
 
@@ -1722,1476 +1285,1929 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Toggle Fanboy's Social Blocking List status.
                 currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.ultraprivacy:
+                // Toggle the UltraPrivacy status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
+
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.block_all_third_party_requests:
+                //Toggle the third-party requests blocker status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
+
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0]);
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_webview_default:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2]);
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3]);
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4]);
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5]);
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6]);
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7]);
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8]);
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9]);
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10]);
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11]);
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_custom:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(25);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.font_size_fifty_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(50);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(75);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(100);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(125);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(150);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(175);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(200);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.swipe_to_refresh:
+                // Toggle the stored status of swipe to refresh.
+                currentWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(!currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+
+                // Get a handle for the swipe refresh layout.
+                SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+
+                // Update the swipe refresh layout.
+                if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
+                    // Only enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
+                } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
+                    // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
+                }
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.wide_viewport:
+                // Toggle the viewport.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(!currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.display_images:
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically()) {  // Images are currently loaded automatically.
+                    // Disable loading of images.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
+
+                    // Reload the website to remove existing images.
+                    currentWebView.reload();
+                } else {  // Images are not currently loaded automatically.
+                    // Enable loading of images.  Missing images will be loaded without the need for a reload.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
+                }
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.night_mode:
+                // Toggle night mode.
+                currentWebView.setNightMode(!currentWebView.getNightMode());
+
+                // Enable or disable JavaScript according to night mode, the global preference, and any domain settings.
+                if (currentWebView.getNightMode()) {  // Night mode is enabled, which requires JavaScript.
+                    // Enable JavaScript.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
+                } else if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are applied.  Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
+                    // Apply the JavaScript preference that was stored the last time domain settings were loaded.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(currentWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
+                } else {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are not applied.  Set JavaScript according to the global preference.
+                    // Apply the JavaScript preference.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false));
+                }
+
+                // Update the privacy icons.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(false);
+
+                // Reload the website.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.find_on_page:
+                // Get a handle for the views.
+                Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+                LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+                EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+
+                // Set the minimum height of the find on page linear layout to match the toolbar.
+                findOnPageLinearLayout.setMinimumHeight(toolbar.getHeight());
+
+                // Hide the toolbar.
+                toolbar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+
+                // Show the find on page linear layout.
+                findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // Display the keyboard.  The app must wait 200 ms before running the command to work around a bug in Android.
+                // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5520085/android-show-softkeyboard-with-showsoftinput-is-not-working
+                findOnPageEditText.postDelayed(() -> {
+                    // Set the focus on `findOnPageEditText`.
+                    findOnPageEditText.requestFocus();
 
-            case R.id.ultraprivacy:
-                // Toggle the UltraPrivacy status.
-                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
+                    // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+                    InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
+                    // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+                    assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
+                    // Display the keyboard.  `0` sets no input flags.
+                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(findOnPageEditText, 0);
+                }, 200);
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.block_all_third_party_requests:
-                //Toggle the third-party requests blocker status.
-                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
-
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
+            case R.id.print:
+                // Get a print manager instance.
+                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // Remove the lint error below that print manager might be null.
+                assert printManager != null;
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0]);
+                // Create a print document adapter from the current WebView.
+                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
+                // Print the document.
+                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_webview_default:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
+                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getUrl(),
+                        currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
+                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2]);
+            case R.id.view_source:
+                // Create an intent to launch the view source activity.
+                Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
+                // Add the variables to the intent.
+                viewSourceIntent.putExtra("user_agent", currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString());
+                viewSourceIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(viewSourceIntent);
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3]);
+            case R.id.share_url:
+                // Setup the share string.
+                String shareString = currentWebView.getTitle() + " – " + currentWebView.getUrl();
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
+                // Create the share intent.
+                Intent shareIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
+                shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, shareString);
+                shareIntent.setType("text/plain");
+
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, getString(R.string.share_url)));
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4]);
+            case R.id.open_with_app:
+                openWithApp(currentWebView.getUrl());
+                return true;
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
+            case R.id.open_with_browser:
+                openWithBrowser(currentWebView.getUrl());
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5]);
+            case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
+                // Toggle the proxy through Orbot variable.
+                proxyThroughOrbot = !proxyThroughOrbot;
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
+                // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+                applyProxyThroughOrbot(true);
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6]);
+            case R.id.refresh:
+                if (menuItem.getTitle().equals(getString(R.string.refresh))) {  // The refresh button was pushed.
+                    // Reload the current WebView.
+                    currentWebView.reload();
+                } else {  // The stop button was pushed.
+                    // Stop the loading of the WebView.
+                    currentWebView.stopLoading();
+                }
+                return true;
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
+            case R.id.ad_consent:
+                // Display the ad consent dialog.
+                DialogFragment adConsentDialogFragment = new AdConsentDialog();
+                adConsentDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ad_consent));
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7]);
+            default:
+                // Don't consume the event.
+                return super.onOptionsItemSelected(menuItem);
+        }
+    }
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
+    @Override
+    public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
+        // Get the menu item ID.
+        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8]);
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+        // Run the commands that correspond to the selected menu item.
+        switch (menuItemId) {
+            case R.id.clear_and_exit:
+                // Clear and exit Privacy Browser.
+                clearAndExit();
+                break;
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9]);
+            case R.id.home:
+                // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                    // Load the Tor homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                } else {
+                    // Load the normal homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                }
+                break;
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            case R.id.back:
+                if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10]);
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                    // Load the previous website in the history.
+                    currentWebView.goBack();
+                }
+                break;
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11]);
+            case R.id.forward:
+                if (currentWebView.canGoForward()) {
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_custom:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                    // Load the next website in the history.
+                    currentWebView.goForward();
+                }
+                break;
 
-                // Reload the current WebView.
-                currentWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            case R.id.history:
+                // Instantiate the URL history dialog.
+                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-            case R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent:
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(25);
-                return true;
+                // Show the URL history dialog.
+                urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
+                break;
 
-            case R.id.font_size_fifty_percent:
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(50);
-                return true;
+            case R.id.requests:
+                // Populate the resource requests.
+                RequestsActivity.resourceRequests = currentWebView.getResourceRequests();
 
-            case R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent:
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(75);
-                return true;
+                // Create an intent to launch the Requests activity.
+                Intent requestsIntent = new Intent(this, RequestsActivity.class);
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent:
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(100);
-                return true;
+                // Add the block third-party requests status to the intent.
+                requestsIntent.putExtra("block_all_third_party_requests", currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent:
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(125);
-                return true;
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(requestsIntent);
+                break;
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent:
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(150);
-                return true;
+            case R.id.downloads:
+                // Launch the system Download Manager.
+                Intent downloadManagerIntent = new Intent(DownloadManager.ACTION_VIEW_DOWNLOADS);
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent:
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(175);
-                return true;
+                // Launch as a new task so that Download Manager and Privacy Browser show as separate windows in the recent tasks list.
+                downloadManagerIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+                startActivity(downloadManagerIntent);
+                break;
 
-            case R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent:
-                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(200);
-                return true;
+            case R.id.domains:
+                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
+                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-            case R.id.swipe_to_refresh:
-                // Toggle the stored status of swipe to refresh.
-                currentWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(!currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+                // Launch the domains activity.
+                Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
-                // Get a handle for the swipe refresh layout.
-                SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+                // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
 
-                // Update the swipe refresh layout.
-                if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
-                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) {  // For API >= 23, the status of the scroll refresh listener is continuously updated by the on scroll change listener.
-                        // Only enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled to the top.
-                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
-                    } else {  // For API < 23, the swipe refresh layout is always enabled.
-                        // Enable the swipe refresh layout.
-                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
-                    }
-                } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
-                    // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
-                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
-                }
-                return true;
+                // Get the current certificate.
+                SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
 
-            case R.id.display_images:
-                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically()) {  // Images are currently loaded automatically.
-                    // Disable loading of images.
-                    currentWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
+                // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                    // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                    String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                    String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                    String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                    String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                    String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                    String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                    long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                    long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
 
-                    // Reload the website to remove existing images.
-                    currentWebView.reload();
-                } else {  // Images are not currently loaded automatically.
-                    // Enable loading of images.  Missing images will be loaded without the need for a reload.
-                    currentWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
+                    // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
                 }
-                return true;
-
-            case R.id.night_mode:
-                // Toggle night mode.
-                currentWebView.setNightMode(!currentWebView.getNightMode());
 
-                // Enable or disable JavaScript according to night mode, the global preference, and any domain settings.
-                if (currentWebView.getNightMode()) {  // Night mode is enabled, which requires JavaScript.
-                    // Enable JavaScript.
-                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
-                } else if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are applied.  Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
-                    // Apply the JavaScript preference that was stored the last time domain settings were loaded.
-                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(currentWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
-                } else {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are not applied.  Set JavaScript according to the global preference.
-                    // Apply the JavaScript preference.
-                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false));
+                // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                    // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
                 }
 
-                // Update the privacy icons.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(false);
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                break;
 
-                // Reload the website.
-                currentWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            case R.id.settings:
+                // Set the flag to reapply app settings on restart when returning from Settings.
+                reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-            case R.id.find_on_page:
-                // Get a handle for the views.
-                Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
-                LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
-                EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
+                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-                // Set the minimum height of the find on page linear layout to match the toolbar.
-                findOnPageLinearLayout.setMinimumHeight(toolbar.getHeight());
+                // Launch the settings activity.
+                Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
+                startActivity(settingsIntent);
+                break;
 
-                // Hide the toolbar.
-                toolbar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+            case R.id.import_export:
+                // Launch the import/export activity.
+                Intent importExportIntent = new Intent (this, ImportExportActivity.class);
+                startActivity(importExportIntent);
+                break;
 
-                // Show the find on page linear layout.
-                findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+            case R.id.logcat:
+                // Launch the logcat activity.
+                Intent logcatIntent = new Intent(this, LogcatActivity.class);
+                startActivity(logcatIntent);
+                break;
 
-                // Display the keyboard.  The app must wait 200 ms before running the command to work around a bug in Android.
-                // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5520085/android-show-softkeyboard-with-showsoftinput-is-not-working
-                findOnPageEditText.postDelayed(() -> {
-                    // Set the focus on `findOnPageEditText`.
-                    findOnPageEditText.requestFocus();
+            case R.id.guide:
+                // Launch `GuideActivity`.
+                Intent guideIntent = new Intent(this, GuideActivity.class);
+                startActivity(guideIntent);
+                break;
 
-                    // Get a handle for the input method manager.
-                    InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+            case R.id.about:
+                // Create an intent to launch the about activity.
+                Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
 
-                    // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
-                    assert inputMethodManager != null;
+                // Create a string array for the blocklist versions.
+                String[] blocklistVersions = new String[] {easyList.get(0).get(0)[0], easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0],
+                        ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0]};
 
-                    // Display the keyboard.  `0` sets no input flags.
-                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(findOnPageEditText, 0);
-                }, 200);
-                return true;
+                // Add the blocklist versions to the intent.
+                aboutIntent.putExtra("blocklist_versions", blocklistVersions);
 
-            case R.id.view_source:
-                // Create an intent to launch the view source activity.
-                Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(aboutIntent);
+                break;
+        }
 
-                // Add the variables to the intent.
-                viewSourceIntent.putExtra("user_agent", currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString());
-                viewSourceIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-                // Make it so.
-                startActivity(viewSourceIntent);
-                return true;
+        // Close the navigation drawer.
+        drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        return true;
+    }
 
-            case R.id.share_url:
-                // Setup the share string.
-                String shareString = currentWebView.getTitle() + " – " + currentWebView.getUrl();
+    @Override
+    public void onPostCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onPostCreate(savedInstanceState);
 
-                // Create the share intent.
-                Intent shareIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
-                shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, shareString);
-                shareIntent.setType("text/plain");
+        // Sync the state of the DrawerToggle after the default `onRestoreInstanceState()` has finished.  This creates the navigation drawer icon.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle.syncState();
+    }
 
-                // Make it so.
-                startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, getString(R.string.share_url)));
-                return true;
+    @Override
+    public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
 
-            case R.id.print:
-                // Get a print manager instance.
-                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
 
-                // Remove the lint error below that print manager might be null.
-                assert printManager != null;
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
 
-                // Create a print document adapter from the current WebView.
-                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
+        // Recalculate the drawer header padding.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
 
-                // Print the document.
-                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
-                return true;
+        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if not in full screen mode.
+        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free") && !inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
+            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+        }
 
-            case R.id.open_with_app:
-                openWithApp(currentWebView.getUrl());
-                return true;
+        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` should recalculate the number of action buttons from the menu to display on the app bar, but it doesn't because of the this bug:
+        // https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=20493#c8
+        // ActivityCompat.invalidateOptionsMenu(this);
+    }
 
-            case R.id.open_with_browser:
-                openWithBrowser(currentWebView.getUrl());
-                return true;
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View view, ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
+        // Store the hit test result.
+        final WebView.HitTestResult hitTestResult = currentWebView.getHitTestResult();
 
-            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
-                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
-                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getUrl(),
-                        currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+        // Create the URL strings.
+        final String imageUrl;
+        final String linkUrl;
 
-                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
-                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
-                return true;
+        // Get handles for the system managers.
+        final ClipboardManager clipboardManager = (ClipboardManager) getSystemService(CLIPBOARD_SERVICE);
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-            case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
-                // Toggle the proxy through Orbot variable.
-                proxyThroughOrbot = !proxyThroughOrbot;
+        // Remove the lint errors below that the clipboard manager might be null.
+        assert clipboardManager != null;
 
-                // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
-                applyProxyThroughOrbot(true);
-                return true;
+        // Process the link according to the type.
+        switch (hitTestResult.getType()) {
+            // `SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE` is a link.
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE:
+                // Get the target URL.
+                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
-            case R.id.refresh:
-                if (menuItem.getTitle().equals(getString(R.string.refresh))) {  // The refresh button was pushed.
-                    // Reload the current WebView.
-                    currentWebView.reload();
-                } else {  // The stop button was pushed.
-                    // Stop the loading of the WebView.
-                    currentWebView.stopLoading();
-                }
-                return true;
+                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
-            case R.id.ad_consent:
-                // Display the ad consent dialog.
-                DialogFragment adConsentDialogFragment = new AdConsentDialog();
-                adConsentDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ad_consent));
-                return true;
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the link URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-            default:
-                // Don't consume the event.
-                return super.onOptionsItemSelected(menuItem);
-        }
-    }
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
-    @Override
-    public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
-        // Get the menu item ID.
-        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+                // Add a Copy URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Save the link URL in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), linkUrl);
 
-        // Run the commands that correspond to the selected menu item.
-        switch (menuItemId) {
-            case R.id.clear_and_exit:
-                // Clear and exit Privacy Browser.
-                clearAndExit();
-                break;
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcAnchorTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-            case R.id.home:
-                // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
-                if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
-                    // Load the Tor homepage.
-                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
-                } else {
-                    // Load the normal homepage.
-                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
-                }
-                break;
+                // Add a Download URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
+                            downloadUrl = linkUrl;
+                            downloadContentDisposition = "none";
+                            downloadContentLength = -1;
 
-            case R.id.back:
-                if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {
-                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
-                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
 
-                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
+                            DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
 
-                    // Load the previous website in the history.
-                    currentWebView.goBack();
-                }
+                            // Show the download file alert dialog.
+                            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
 
-            case R.id.forward:
-                if (currentWebView.canGoForward()) {
-                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
-                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.EMAIL_TYPE:
+                // Get the target URL.
+                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
-                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
+                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
-                    // Load the next website in the history.
-                    currentWebView.goForward();
-                }
-                break;
+                // Add a Write Email entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
+                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
 
-            case R.id.history:
-                // Instantiate the URL history dialog.
-                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
+                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
+                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse("mailto:" + linkUrl));
 
-                // Show the URL history dialog.
-                urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
-                break;
+                    // `FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK` opens the email program in a new task instead as part of Privacy Browser.
+                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
 
-            case R.id.requests:
-                // Populate the resource requests.
-                RequestsActivity.resourceRequests = currentWebView.getResourceRequests();
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(emailIntent);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                // Create an intent to launch the Requests activity.
-                Intent requestsIntent = new Intent(this, RequestsActivity.class);
+                // Add a Copy Email Address entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
 
-                // Add the block third-party requests status to the intent.
-                requestsIntent.putExtra("block_all_third_party_requests", currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcEmailTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                // Make it so.
-                startActivity(requestsIntent);
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
 
-            case R.id.downloads:
-                // Launch the system Download Manager.
-                Intent downloadManagerIntent = new Intent(DownloadManager.ACTION_VIEW_DOWNLOADS);
+            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image. `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.  Privacy Browser processes them the same.
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
+                // Get the image URL.
+                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
-                // Launch as a new task so that Download Manager and Privacy Browser show as separate windows in the recent tasks list.
-                downloadManagerIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+                // Set the image URL as the title of the context menu.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
 
-                startActivity(downloadManagerIntent);
-                break;
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the image URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-            case R.id.domains:
-                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
-                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
+                // Add a View Image entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                // Launch the domains activity.
-                Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
+                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
 
-                // Add the extra information to the intent.
-                domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
 
-                // Get the current certificate.
-                SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
+                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
 
-                // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
-                if (sslCertificate != null) {
-                    // Extract the certificate to strings.
-                    String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
-                    String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
-                    String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
-                    String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
-                    String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
-                    String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
-                    long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
-                    long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
+                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                    // Add the certificate to the intent.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
-                }
+                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcImageAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
 
-                // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
-                if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
-                    // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
-                }
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageAnchorTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
-                // Make it so.
-                startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
+        }
+    }
 
-            case R.id.settings:
-                // Set the flag to reapply app settings on restart when returning from Settings.
-                reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = true;
-
-                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
-                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
 
-                // Launch the settings activity.
-                Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
-                startActivity(settingsIntent);
-                break;
+        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
 
-            case R.id.import_export:
-                // Launch the import/export activity.
-                Intent importExportIntent = new Intent (this, ImportExportActivity.class);
-                startActivity(importExportIntent);
-                break;
+        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
+        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
 
-            case R.id.logcat:
-                // Launch the logcat activity.
-                Intent logcatIntent = new Intent(this, LogcatActivity.class);
-                startActivity(logcatIntent);
-                break;
+        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-            case R.id.guide:
-                // Launch `GuideActivity`.
-                Intent guideIntent = new Intent(this, GuideActivity.class);
-                startActivity(guideIntent);
-                break;
+        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-            case R.id.about:
-                // Create an intent to launch the about activity.
-                Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
+        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                // Create a string array for the blocklist versions.
-                String[] blocklistVersions = new String[] {easyList.get(0).get(0)[0], easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0],
-                        ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0]};
+        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
+        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
 
-                // Add the blocklist versions to the intent.
-                aboutIntent.putExtra("blocklist_versions", blocklistVersions);
+        // Create the bookmark.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
 
-                // Make it so.
-                startActivity(aboutIntent);
-                break;
-        }
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-        // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
 
-        // Close the navigation drawer.
-        drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-        return true;
+        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onPostCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onPostCreate(savedInstanceState);
+    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
 
-        // Sync the state of the DrawerToggle after the default `onRestoreInstanceState()` has finished.  This creates the navigation drawer icon.
-        actionBarDrawerToggle.syncState();
-    }
+        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
+        // Get new folder name string.
+        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-        // Get the status bar pixel size.
-        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
-        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
+        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
+        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
 
-        // Get the resource density.
-        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
+        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
+        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
+            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
-        // Recalculate the drawer header padding.
-        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
-        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if not in full screen mode.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free") && !inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
-            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
+            // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
         }
 
-        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` should recalculate the number of action buttons from the menu to display on the app bar, but it doesn't because of the this bug:
-        // https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=20493#c8
-        // ActivityCompat.invalidateOptionsMenu(this);
-    }
+        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-    @Override
-    public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View view, ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
-        // Store the hit test result.
-        final WebView.HitTestResult hitTestResult = currentWebView.getHitTestResult();
+        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-        // Create the URL strings.
-        final String imageUrl;
-        final String linkUrl;
+        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-        // Get handles for the system managers.
-        final ClipboardManager clipboardManager = (ClipboardManager) getSystemService(CLIPBOARD_SERVICE);
-        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
+        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
+            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
+        }
 
-        // Remove the lint errors below that the clipboard manager might be null.
-        assert clipboardManager != null;
+        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
 
-        // Process the link according to the type.
-        switch (hitTestResult.getType()) {
-            // `SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE` is a link.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE:
-                // Get the target URL.
-                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
 
-                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Load the link URL in a new tab.
-                    addNewTab(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+        // Scroll to the new folder.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
+    }
 
-                // Add an Open with App entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
 
-                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+        // Store the bookmark strings.
+        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                // Add a Copy URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Save the link URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), linkUrl);
+        // Update the bookmark.
+        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
+        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcAnchorTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                // Add a Download URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
-                        openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
-                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
-                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
-                            // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
-                            downloadUrl = linkUrl;
-                            downloadContentDisposition = "none";
-                            downloadContentLength = -1;
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
-                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
+            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
+        }
 
-                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
-                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
-                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                            }
-                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                            // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
-                            DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
+
+        // Get the new folder name.
+        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-                            // Show the download file alert dialog.
-                            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                        }
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
+        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
+        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
+            // Update the name in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
+        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
+            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
 
-                // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.EMAIL_TYPE:
-                // Get the target URL.
-                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
-                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
 
-                // Add a Write Email entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
-                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
-                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse("mailto:" + linkUrl));
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                    // `FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK` opens the email program in a new task instead as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(emailIntent);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Update the folder icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
+            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
-                // Add a Copy Email Address entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcEmailTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image. `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.  Privacy Browser processes them the same.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
-                // Get the image URL.
-                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-                // Set the image URL as the title of the context menu.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Load the image URL in a new tab.
-                    addNewTab(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        }
 
-                // Add a View Image entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
-                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
-                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
-                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
-                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
 
-                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
-                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
+    @Override
+    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
+        switch (downloadType) {
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
 
-                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
-                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
-                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
-                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                            }
-                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
-                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
+        }
+    }
 
-                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
-                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                        }
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
+    @Override
+    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
+        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
 
-                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcImageAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
+        switch (requestCode) {
+            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageAnchorTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
 
-                // Add an Open with App entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+                // Reset the download variables.
+                downloadUrl = "";
+                downloadContentDisposition = "";
+                downloadContentLength = 0;
+                break;
 
-                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
+
+                // Reset the image URL variable.
+                downloadImageUrl = "";
                 break;
         }
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
-        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
+        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
-        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
-        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
-        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
+            // Parse `imageUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
 
-        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
-        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
-        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(imageUrl);
 
-        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
 
-        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
+            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
-        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            }
 
-        // Create the bookmark.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
-        // Update the list view.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
 
-        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
-        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+        }
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
-        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
+        // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
-        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
-        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
-        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
-        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
+            // Parse `downloadUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
 
-        // Get new folder name string.
-        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
-        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(downloadUrl);
 
-        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
-        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
-            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
+            String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
-            // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
-        }
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            }
 
-        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
 
-        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(downloadUrl);
 
-        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
-        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
-        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
-            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
+
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
         }
+    }
 
-        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
+    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and and the WebView.
+    @Override
+    public void onBackPressed() {
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout and the tab layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
+            // Close the navigation drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
+            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
+                // close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
+                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            }
+        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
+            // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+            currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-        // Scroll to the new folder.
-        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
+            // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+            currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
+
+            // Go back.
+            currentWebView.goBack();
+        } else if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There are at least two tabs.
+            // Close the current tab.
+            closeCurrentTab();
+        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
+            // Run the default commands.
+            super.onBackPressed();
+
+            // Manually kill Privacy Browser.  Otherwise, it is glitchy when restarted.
+            System.exit(0);
+        }
     }
 
+    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
     @Override
-    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
-        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
-        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
+    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
+        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            // Pass the file to the WebView.
+            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
+        }
+    }
 
-        // Store the bookmark strings.
-        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
-        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
+        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
 
-        // Update the bookmark.
-        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
-        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
-            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
+        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+        // Initialize the formatted URL string.
+        String url = "";
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
+        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {  // This is a Content URL.
+            // Load the entire content URL.
+            url = unformattedUrlString;
+        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://") ||
+                unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a standard URL.
+            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
+            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
+            }
 
-            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
-        }
+            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
+            URL unformattedUrl = null;
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
+            try {
+                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
+            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
+                e.printStackTrace();
+            }
 
-        // Update the list view.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
-    }
+            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
+            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
+            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
+            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
+            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
+            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
-        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
-        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
-        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
+            // Build the URI.
+            Uri.Builder uri = new Uri.Builder();
+            uri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
 
-        // Get the new folder name.
-        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+            // Decode the URI as a UTF-8 string in.
+            try {
+                url = URLDecoder.decode(uri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                // Do nothing.  The formatted URL string will remain blank.
+            }
+        } else if (!unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // This is not a URL, but rather a search string.
+            // Create an encoded URL String.
+            String encodedUrlString;
 
-        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
-        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
-            // Update the name in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
-        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
-            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
-            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+            // Sanitize the search input.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
+            }
 
-            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
-            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
-                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+            // Add the base search URL.
+            url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+        }
 
-                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
+        urlEditText.clearFocus();
 
-                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
-            }
+        // Make it so.
+        loadUrl(url);
+    }
+
+    private void loadUrl(String url) {
+        // Sanitize the URL.
+        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
 
-            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+        // Apply the domain settings.
+        applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, url, true, false);
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+        // Load the URL.
+        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
+    }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(false);
+    }
 
-            // Update the folder icon in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
-        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
-            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
-            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
-            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
-                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(true);
+    }
 
-                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
+        // Get a handle for the views.
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
-                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
-            }
+        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
+        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
 
-            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+        // Clear the highlighted phrases if the WebView is not null.
+        if (currentWebView != null) {
+            currentWebView.clearMatches();
+        }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+        // Show the toolbar.
+        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
-        }
+        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+        // Hide the keyboard.
+        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(toolbar.getWindowToken(), 0);
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
-        switch (downloadType) {
-            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
-                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
-                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                break;
-
-            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
-                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
-                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                break;
+    private void applyAppSettings() {
+        // Initialize the app if this is the first run.  This is done here instead of in `onCreate()` to shorten the time that an unthemed background is displayed on app startup.
+        if (webViewDefaultUserAgent == null) {
+            initializeApp();
         }
-    }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
-        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
-        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        switch (requestCode) {
-            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
-                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
-                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
+        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
+        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
+        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
+        sanitizeGoogleAnalytics = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("google_analytics", true);
+        sanitizeFacebookClickIds = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("facebook_click_ids", true);
+        sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("twitter_amp_redirects", true);
+        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
+        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
+        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
+        scrollAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true);
 
-                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
-                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
-                } else {
-                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                }
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
+        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-                // Reset the download variables.
-                downloadUrl = "";
-                downloadContentDisposition = "";
-                downloadContentLength = 0;
-                break;
+        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
+        assert actionBar != null;
 
-            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
-                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
-                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
+        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
 
-                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
-                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
-                } else {
-                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                }
+        // Set Do Not Track status.
+        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
+            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
+        } else {
+            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
+        }
 
-                // Reset the image URL variable.
-                downloadImageUrl = "";
-                break;
+        // Get the current layout parameters.  Using coordinator layout parameters allows the `setBehavior()` command and using app bar layout parameters allows the `setScrollFlags()` command.
+        CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams swipeRefreshLayoutParams = (CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams) swipeRefreshLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams toolbarLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) toolbar.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams findOnPageLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) findOnPageLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams tabsLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) tabsLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+
+        // Add the scrolling behavior to the layout parameters.
+        if (scrollAppBar) {
+            // Enable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(new AppBarLayout.ScrollingViewBehavior());
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+        } else {
+            // Disable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(null);
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+
+            // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
+            appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
         }
-    }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
-        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
-            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
-            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
+        // Apply the modified layout parameters.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setLayoutParams(swipeRefreshLayoutParams);
+        toolbar.setLayoutParams(toolbarLayoutParams);
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(findOnPageLayoutParams);
+        tabsLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(tabsLayoutParams);
 
-            // Parse `imageUrl`.
-            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
+        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
-            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
-            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
-            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
-                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
-                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(imageUrl);
+            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
-                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+                // Set the app bar scrolling.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(scrollAppBar);
             }
+        }
 
-            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
-            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
-            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
+        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
+            if (hideAppBar) {
+                // Hide the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-            // Specify the download location.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
-                // Download to the public download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
-            } else {  // External write permission denied.
-                // Download to the app's external download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+                // Hide the action bar.
+                actionBar.hide();
+            } else {
+                // Show the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+                // Show the action bar.
+                actionBar.show();
             }
 
-            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
-            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+            }
 
-            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
-            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
-            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
+            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+
+            // Show the tab linear layout.
+            tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+            // Show the action bar.
+            actionBar.show();
+
+            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
+                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+            }
 
-            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
-            assert downloadManager != null;
+            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
 
-            // Initiate the download.
-            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
-        } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+            // Add the translucent status flag.
+            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
         }
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
-        // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-        if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
-            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
-            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
+    private void initializeApp() {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-            // Parse `downloadUrl`.
-            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
+        // Get the theme preference.
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
-            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+        // Get a handle for the input method.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
-            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
-            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
-                // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
-                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(downloadUrl);
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
-                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
+        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
+        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+
+        // Get handles for the URL views.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+
+        // Remove the formatting from the URL edit text when the user is editing the text.
+        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
+            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
+                // Remove the highlighting.
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
+            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
+                // Move to the beginning of the string.
+                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
+
+                // Reapply the highlighting.
+                highlightUrlText();
             }
+        });
 
-            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
-            EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
-            String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
+        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
+            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
+                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
+                loadUrlFromTextBox();
 
-            // Specify the download location.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
-                // Download to the public download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
-            } else {  // External write permission denied.
-                // Download to the app's external download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {
+                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
+                return false;
             }
+        });
 
-            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
-            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+        // Initialize the Orbot status and the waiting for Orbot trackers.
+        orbotStatus = "unknown";
+        waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
-            downloadRequest.setDescription(downloadUrl);
+        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
+        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
+            @Override
+            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
+                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
+                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
 
-            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
-            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
+                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
+                    // Reset the waiting for Orbot status.
+                    waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
-            assert downloadManager != null;
+                    // Get the intent that started the app.
+                    Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
 
-            // Initiate the download.
-            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
-        } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
-        }
-    }
+                    // Get the information from the intent.
+                    String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
+                    Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
 
-    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and and the WebView.
-    @Override
-    public void onBackPressed() {
-        // Get a handle for the drawer layout and the tab layout.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+                    // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+                    if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
+                        // Create an encoded URL string.
+                        String encodedUrlString;
 
-        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
-            // Close the navigation drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
-            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
-                // close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
-                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
+                        // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                        try {
+                            encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                            encodedUrlString = "";
+                        }
 
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
+                        // Load the completed search URL.
+                        loadUrl(searchURL + encodedUrlString);
+                    } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
+                        // Load the URL from the intent.
+                        loadUrl(launchingIntentUriData.toString());
+                    } else {  // The is no URL in the intent.
+                        // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                            // Load the Tor homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                        } else {
+                            // Load the normal homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
             }
-        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
-            // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
-            currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
+        };
 
-            // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-            currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
+        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
+        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
 
-            // Go back.
-            currentWebView.goBack();
-        } else if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There are at least two tabs.
-            // Close the current tab.
-            closeCurrentTab();
-        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
-            // Run the default commands.
-            super.onBackPressed();
+        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
-            // Manually kill Privacy Browser.  Otherwise, it is glitchy when restarted.
-            System.exit(0);
-        }
-    }
+        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
+        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
 
-    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
-    @Override
-    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
-        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-            // Pass the file to the WebView.
-            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
-        }
-    }
+        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
+        Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
+        MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(2);
+        MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
+        MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
+        MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
 
-    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
-        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
-        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
+        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
-        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
+            @Override
+            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
+                // Close the find on page bar if it is open.
+                closeFindOnPage(null);
 
-        // Initialize the formatted URL string.
-        String url = "";
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(position);
 
-        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
-        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {  // This is a Content URL.
-            // Load the entire content URL.
-            url = unformattedUrlString;
-        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://") ||
-                unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a standard URL.
-            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
-            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
-                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
-            }
+                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager or by creating a new tab.
+                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
+                    // Create a handler to select the tab.
+                    Handler selectTabHandler = new Handler();
 
-            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
-            URL unformattedUrl = null;
+                    // Create a runnable to select the tab.
+                    Runnable selectTabRunnable = () -> {
+                        // Get a handle for the tab.
+                        TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
 
-            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
-            try {
-                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
-            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
-                e.printStackTrace();
-            }
+                        // Assert that the tab is not null.
+                        assert tab != null;
+
+                        // Select the tab.
+                        tab.select();
+                    };
 
-            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
-            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
-            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
-            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
-            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
-            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
+                    // Select the tab layout after 150 milliseconds, which leaves enough time for a new tab to be inflated.
+                    selectTabHandler.postDelayed(selectTabRunnable, 150);
+                }
+            }
 
-            // Build the URI.
-            Uri.Builder uri = new Uri.Builder();
-            uri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+        });
 
-            // Decode the URI as a UTF-8 string in.
-            try {
-                url = URLDecoder.decode(uri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                // Do nothing.  The formatted URL string will remain blank.
+        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
+        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Select the same page in the view pager.
+                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
             }
-        } else if (!unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // This is not a URL, but rather a search string.
-            // Create an encoded URL String.
-            String encodedUrlString;
 
-            // Sanitize the search input.
-            try {
-                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                encodedUrlString = "";
+            @Override
+            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Do nothing.
             }
 
-            // Add the base search URL.
-            url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-        }
+            @Override
+            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = ViewSslCertificateDialog.displayDialog(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
-        urlEditText.clearFocus();
+                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
+            }
+        });
 
-        // Make it so.
-        loadUrl(url);
-    }
+        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
+        // The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21 and and `getResources().getColor()` must be used until the minimum API >= 23.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
+        } else {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
+        }
 
-    private void loadUrl(String url) {
-        // Sanitize the URL.
-        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
+        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
+        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
+            Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon();
 
-        // Apply the domain settings.
-        applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, url, true, false);
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-        // Load the URL.
-        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
-    }
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
-        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
-        currentWebView.findNext(false);
-    }
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
-        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
-        currentWebView.findNext(true);
-    }
+            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
+            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
 
-    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
-        // Get a handle for the views.
-        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
-        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
-        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+            // Add the extra information to the intent.
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_title", currentWebView.getTitle());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("favorite_icon_byte_array", favoriteIconByteArray);
 
-        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
-        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
+            // Make it so.
+            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
+        });
 
-        // Clear the highlighted phrases if the WebView is not null.
-        if (currentWebView != null) {
-            currentWebView.clearMatches();
-        }
+        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Create a create bookmark folder dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.createBookmarkFolder(currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
-        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog.
+            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_folder));
+        });
 
-        // Show the toolbar.
-        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
+            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
-        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
+            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
+        });
 
-        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
-        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
+        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
+            @Override
+            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-        // Hide the keyboard.
-        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
-    }
+            @Override
+            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-    private void applyAppSettings() {
-        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+            @Override
+            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
+                // Search for the text in the WebView if it is not null.  Sometimes on resume after a period of non-use the WebView will be null.
+                if (currentWebView != null) {
+                    currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
+                }
+            }
+        });
 
-        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
-        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
-        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
-        sanitizeGoogleAnalytics = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("google_analytics", true);
-        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
-        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
-        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
-        scrollAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true);
+        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
+        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
+                // Hide the soft keyboard.
+                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
 
-        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
-        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
-        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
-        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
-        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
-        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
-        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
-        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+                // Consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
+                // Do not consume the event.
+                return false;
+            }
+        });
 
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
-        assert actionBar != null;
+        // Implement swipe to refresh.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
 
-        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
-        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
+        // Store the default progress view offsets for use later in `initializeWebView()`.
+        defaultProgressViewStartOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset();
+        defaultProgressViewEndOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset();
 
-        // Set Do Not Track status.
-        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
-            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
+        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
         } else {
-            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
         }
 
-        // Get the current layout parameters.  Using coordinator layout parameters allows the `setBehavior()` command and using app bar layout parameters allows the `setScrollFlags()` command.
-        CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams swipeRefreshLayoutParams = (CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams) swipeRefreshLayout.getLayoutParams();
-        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams toolbarLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) toolbar.getLayoutParams();
-        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams findOnPageLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) findOnPageLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
-        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams tabsLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) tabsLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
 
-        // Add the scrolling behavior to the layout parameters.
-        if (scrollAppBar) {
-            // Enable scrolling of the app bar.
-            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(new AppBarLayout.ScrollingViewBehavior());
-            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
-            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
-            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
-        } else {
-            // Disable scrolling of the app bar.
-            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(null);
-            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
-            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
-            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
-            // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
-            appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
-        }
+        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
+        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
+
+        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
+        loadBookmarksFolder();
+
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
+            int databaseID = (int) id;
+
+            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
+            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
+            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
+
+            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
+            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
+                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
+                // Load the bookmark URL.
+                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
+
+                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
 
-        // Apply the modified layout parameters.
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setLayoutParams(swipeRefreshLayoutParams);
-        toolbar.setLayoutParams(toolbarLayoutParams);
-        findOnPageLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(findOnPageLayoutParams);
-        tabsLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(tabsLayoutParams);
+            // Close the `Cursor`.
+            bookmarkCursor.close();
+        });
 
-        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
-        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
+            int databaseId = (int) id;
 
-            // Get the fragment view.
-            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
+            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
 
-            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
-            if (fragmentView != null) {
-                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+            if (isFolder) {
+                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
+                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
 
-                // Set the app bar scrolling.
-                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(scrollAppBar);
+                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_folder));
+            } else {
+                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
             }
-        }
 
-        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
-        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
-            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
-            if (hideAppBar) {
-                // Hide the tab linear layout.
-                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+            // Consume the event.
+            return true;
+        });
 
-                // Hide the action bar.
-                actionBar.hide();
-            } else {
-                // Show the tab linear layout.
-                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
 
-                // Show the action bar.
-                actionBar.show();
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
+
+        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+
+        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
+        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
             }
 
-            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
-            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
             }
 
-            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
-            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
+            }
 
-            /* Hide the system bars.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-             */
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
-                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
-            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
-            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
+                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
+                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
+                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
+                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
 
-            // Show the tab linear layout.
-            tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
 
-            // Show the action bar.
-            actionBar.show();
+                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
 
-            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
-            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
-                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+                    // Update the navigation menu items if the WebView is not null.
+                    if (currentWebView != null) {
+                        navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoBack());
+                        navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoForward());
+                        navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((currentWebView.canGoBack() || currentWebView.canGoForward()));
+                        navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+
+                        // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
+                        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+                    }
+
+                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
+                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
+                    currentWebView.clearFocus();
+                }
             }
+        });
 
-            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
+        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
 
-            // Add the translucent status flag.
-            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-        }
-    }
+        // Inflate a bare WebView to get the default user agent.  It is not used to render content on the screen.
+        @SuppressLint("InflateParams") View webViewLayout = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bare_webview, null, false);
+
+        // Get a handle for the WebView.
+        WebView bareWebView = webViewLayout.findViewById(R.id.bare_webview);
+
+        // Store the default user agent.
+        webViewDefaultUserAgent = bareWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
+        // Destroy the bare WebView.
+        bareWebView.destroy();
+    }
 
     // `reloadWebsite` is used if returning from the Domains activity.  Otherwise JavaScript might not function correctly if it is newly enabled.
     @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
@@ -3210,8 +3226,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             newHostName = "";
         }
 
-        // Only apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
-        if (!nestedScrollWebView.getCurrentDomainName().equals(newHostName)) {
+        // Apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded or if the new domain is blank.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
+        if (!nestedScrollWebView.getCurrentDomainName().equals(newHostName) || newHostName.equals("")) {
             // Set the new host name as the current domain name.
             nestedScrollWebView.setCurrentDomainName(newHostName);
 
@@ -3317,8 +3333,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             String defaultFontSizeString = sharedPreferences.getString("font_size", getString(R.string.font_size_default_value));
             String defaultUserAgentName = sharedPreferences.getString("user_agent", getString(R.string.user_agent_default_value));
             boolean defaultSwipeToRefresh = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("swipe_to_refresh", true);
-            boolean displayWebpageImages = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
             boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+            boolean wideViewport = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("wide_viewport", true);
+            boolean displayWebpageImages = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
 
             // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
             CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
@@ -3360,6 +3377,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 int fontSize = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.FONT_SIZE));
                 int swipeToRefreshInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH));
                 int nightModeInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE));
+                int wideViewportInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.WIDE_VIEWPORT));
                 int displayWebpageImagesInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_IMAGES));
                 boolean pinnedSslCertificate = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_SSL_CERTIFICATE)) == 1);
                 String pinnedSslIssuedToCName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_COMMON_NAME));
@@ -3402,17 +3420,17 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Set night mode according to the night mode int.
                 switch (nightModeInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
                         // Set night mode according to the current default.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false));
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_ENABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
                         // Enable night mode.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_DISABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
                         // Disable night mode.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(false);
                         break;
@@ -3450,59 +3468,55 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(fontSize);
                 }
 
-                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.
-                // <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
-                if (nestedScrollWebView.getProgress() == 100) {  // A URL is not loading.
-                    // Set the user agent.
-                    if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
-                        // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
-                        int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
-
-                        // Set the user agent according to the system default.
-                        switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
-                            case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
-                                // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the default custom user agent.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
-                                break;
-
-                            default:
-                                // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
-                        }
-                    } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
-                        // Get the array position of the user agent name.
-                        int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
-
-                        switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
-                            case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                                break;
-
-                            default:
-                                // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
-                        }
+                // Set the user agent.
+                if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
+                    // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
+                    int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
+
+                    // Set the user agent according to the system default.
+                    switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the default custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                            break;
+
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
+                    }
+                } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
+                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
+
+                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
+
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
                     }
                 }
 
                 // Set swipe to refresh.
                 switch (swipeToRefreshInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
                         // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
 
@@ -3510,7 +3524,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_ENABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
                         // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(true);
 
@@ -3518,7 +3532,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_DISABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
                         // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(false);
 
@@ -3526,17 +3540,32 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
                 }
 
+                // Set the viewport.
+                switch (wideViewportInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(wideViewport);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
+                        break;
+                }
+
                 // Set the loading of webpage images.
                 switch (displayWebpageImagesInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_ENABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_DISABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
                         break;
                 }
@@ -3594,35 +3623,34 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(nestedScrollWebView, defaultThirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
                 }
 
-                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.
-                // <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
-                if (nestedScrollWebView.getProgress() == 100) {  // A URL is not loading.
-                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
-                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
+                // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
 
-                    // Set the user agent.
-                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
-                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
-                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
-                            break;
+                // Set the user agent.
+                switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                    case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                        // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                        break;
 
-                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                            break;
+                    case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                        // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                        break;
 
-                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
-                            // Set the default custom user agent.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
-                            break;
+                    case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                        // Set the default custom user agent.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                        break;
 
-                        default:
-                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
-                    }
+                    default:
+                        // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
                 }
 
+                // Set the viewport.
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(wideViewport);
+
                 // Set the loading of webpage images.
                 nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
 
@@ -3980,10 +4008,43 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
         }
 
+        // Sanitize Facebook Click IDs.
+        if (sanitizeFacebookClickIds) {
+            // Remove `?fbclid=`.
+            if (url.contains("?fbclid=")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?fbclid="));
+            }
+
+            // Remove `&fbclid=`.
+            if (url.contains("&fbclid=")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("&fbclid="));
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Sanitize Twitter AMP redirects.
+        if (sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects) {
+            // Remove `?amp=1`.
+            if (url.contains("?amp=1")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?amp=1"));
+            }
+        }
+
         // Return the sanitized URL.
         return url;
     }
 
+    public void finishedPopulatingBlocklists(ArrayList<ArrayList<List<String[]>>> combinedBlocklists) {
+        // Store the blocklists.
+        easyList = combinedBlocklists.get(0);
+        easyPrivacy = combinedBlocklists.get(1);
+        fanboysAnnoyanceList = combinedBlocklists.get(2);
+        fanboysSocialList = combinedBlocklists.get(3);
+        ultraPrivacy = combinedBlocklists.get(4);
+
+        // Add the first tab.
+        addNewTab("");
+    }
+
     public void addTab(View view) {
         // Add a new tab with a blank URL.
         addNewTab("");
@@ -4239,7 +4300,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
         SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-        //Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
+        // Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
         swipeRefreshLayout.setRefreshing(false);
 
         // Get the WebView tab fragment.
@@ -4249,19 +4310,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
         // Set the current WebView if the fragment view is not null.
-        if (fragmentView != null) {
+        if (fragmentView != null) {  // The fragment has been populated.
             // Store the current WebView.
             currentWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
             // Update the status of swipe to refresh.
             if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) {  // For API >= 23, swipe refresh layout is continuously updated with an on scroll change listener and only enabled if the WebView is scrolled to the top.
-                    // Enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled all the way to the top.
-                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
-                } else {
-                    // Enable the swipe refresh layout.
-                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
-                }
+                // Enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled all the way to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
             } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
                 // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
                 swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
@@ -4325,6 +4381,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             } else {
                 urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
             }
+        } else {  // The fragment has not been populated.  Try again in 100 milliseconds.
+            // Create a handler to set the current WebView.
+            Handler setCurrentWebViewHandler = new Handler();
+
+            // Create a runnable to set the current WebView.
+            Runnable setCurrentWebWebRunnable = () -> {
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(pageNumber);
+            };
+
+            // Try setting the current WebView again after 100 milliseconds.
+            setCurrentWebViewHandler.postDelayed(setCurrentWebWebRunnable, 100);
         }
     }
 
@@ -4350,7 +4418,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
         // Instantiate the blocklist helper.
-        BlockListHelper blockListHelper = new BlockListHelper();
+        BlocklistHelper blocklistHelper = new BlocklistHelper();
 
         // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
         assert inputMethodManager != null;
@@ -4358,9 +4426,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Get the relevant preferences.
-        boolean downloadWithExternalApp = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false);
-
         // Initialize the favorite icon.
         nestedScrollWebView.initializeFavoriteIcon();
 
@@ -4378,9 +4443,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setMixedContentMode(WebSettings.MIXED_CONTENT_NEVER_ALLOW);
         }
 
-        // Set the WebView to use a wide viewport.  Otherwise, some web pages will be scrunched and some content will render outside the screen.
-        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
-
         // Set the WebView to load in overview mode (zoomed out to the maximum width).
         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadWithOverviewMode(true);
 
@@ -4484,7 +4546,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Allow the downloading of files.
         nestedScrollWebView.setDownloadListener((String downloadUrl, String userAgent, String contentDisposition, String mimetype, long contentLength) -> {
             // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-            if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
                 // Create a download intent.  Not specifying the action type will display the maximum number of options.
                 Intent downloadIntent = new Intent();
 
@@ -4661,8 +4723,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Get the title text view from the tab.
                     TextView tabTitleTextView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
 
-                    // Set the title as the tab text.
-                    tabTitleTextView.setText(title);
+                    // Set the title according to the URL.
+                    if (title.equals("about:blank")) {
+                        // Set the title to indicate a new tab.
+                        tabTitleTextView.setText(R.string.new_tab);
+                    } else {
+                        // Set the title as the tab text.
+                        tabTitleTextView.setText(title);
+                    }
                 }
             }
 
@@ -4874,6 +4942,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Check requests against the block lists.  The deprecated `shouldInterceptRequest()` must be used until minimum API >= 21.
             @Override
             public WebResourceResponse shouldInterceptRequest(WebView view, String url) {
+                // Sanitize the URL.
+                url = sanitizeUrl(url);
+
                 // Get a handle for the navigation view.
                 NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
 
@@ -4934,7 +5005,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Block third-party requests if enabled.
                 if (isThirdPartyRequest && nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS)) {
                     // Add the result to the resource requests.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[]{BlockListHelper.REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY, url});
+                    nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[]{BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY, url});
 
                     // Increment the blocked requests counters.
                     nestedScrollWebView.incrementRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS);
@@ -4963,10 +5034,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check UltraPrivacy if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY)) {
                     // Check the URL against UltraPrivacy.
-                    String[] ultraPrivacyResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, ultraPrivacy);
+                    String[] ultraPrivacyResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, ultraPrivacy);
 
                     // Process the UltraPrivacy results.
-                    if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's blacklist.
+                    if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {ultraPrivacyResults[0], ultraPrivacyResults[1], ultraPrivacyResults[2], ultraPrivacyResults[3], ultraPrivacyResults[4],
                                 ultraPrivacyResults[5]});
@@ -4992,7 +5063,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's whitelist.
+                    } else if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's whitelist.
                         // Add a whitelist entry to the resource requests array.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {ultraPrivacyResults[0], ultraPrivacyResults[1], ultraPrivacyResults[2], ultraPrivacyResults[3], ultraPrivacyResults[4],
                                 ultraPrivacyResults[5]});
@@ -5005,10 +5076,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check EasyList if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST)) {
                     // Check the URL against EasyList.
-                    String[] easyListResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyList);
+                    String[] easyListResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyList);
 
                     // Process the EasyList results.
-                    if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's blacklist.
+                    if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {easyListResults[0], easyListResults[1], easyListResults[2], easyListResults[3], easyListResults[4], easyListResults[5]});
 
@@ -5033,7 +5104,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's whitelist.
+                    } else if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's whitelist.
                         // Update the whitelist result string array tracker.
                         whitelistResultStringArray = new String[] {easyListResults[0], easyListResults[1], easyListResults[2], easyListResults[3], easyListResults[4], easyListResults[5]};
                     }
@@ -5042,10 +5113,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check EasyPrivacy if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY)) {
                     // Check the URL against EasyPrivacy.
-                    String[] easyPrivacyResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyPrivacy);
+                    String[] easyPrivacyResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyPrivacy);
 
                     // Process the EasyPrivacy results.
-                    if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's blacklist.
+                    if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {easyPrivacyResults[0], easyPrivacyResults[1], easyPrivacyResults[2], easyPrivacyResults[3], easyPrivacyResults[4],
                                 easyPrivacyResults[5]});
@@ -5071,7 +5142,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's whitelist.
+                    } else if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's whitelist.
                         // Update the whitelist result string array tracker.
                         whitelistResultStringArray = new String[] {easyPrivacyResults[0], easyPrivacyResults[1], easyPrivacyResults[2], easyPrivacyResults[3], easyPrivacyResults[4], easyPrivacyResults[5]};
                     }
@@ -5080,10 +5151,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check Fanboy’s Annoyance List if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST)) {
                     // Check the URL against Fanboy's Annoyance List.
-                    String[] fanboysAnnoyanceListResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysAnnoyanceList);
+                    String[] fanboysAnnoyanceListResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysAnnoyanceList);
 
                     // Process the Fanboy's Annoyance List results.
-                    if (fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Annoyance List's blacklist.
+                    if (fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Annoyance List's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[1], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[2], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[3],
                                 fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[4], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[5]});
@@ -5110,17 +5181,17 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)){  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Annoyance List's whitelist.
+                    } else if (fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)){  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Annoyance List's whitelist.
                         // Update the whitelist result string array tracker.
                         whitelistResultStringArray = new String[] {fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[1], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[2], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[3],
                                 fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[4], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[5]};
                     }
                 } else if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST)) {  // Only check Fanboy’s Social Blocking List if Fanboy’s Annoyance List is disabled.
                     // Check the URL against Fanboy's Annoyance List.
-                    String[] fanboysSocialListResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysSocialList);
+                    String[] fanboysSocialListResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysSocialList);
 
                     // Process the Fanboy's Social Blocking List results.
-                    if (fanboysSocialListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Social Blocking List's blacklist.
+                    if (fanboysSocialListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Social Blocking List's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {fanboysSocialListResults[0], fanboysSocialListResults[1], fanboysSocialListResults[2], fanboysSocialListResults[3],
                                 fanboysSocialListResults[4], fanboysSocialListResults[5]});
@@ -5147,7 +5218,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (fanboysSocialListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Social Blocking List's whitelist.
+                    } else if (fanboysSocialListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Social Blocking List's whitelist.
                         // Update the whitelist result string array tracker.
                         whitelistResultStringArray = new String[] {fanboysSocialListResults[0], fanboysSocialListResults[1], fanboysSocialListResults[2], fanboysSocialListResults[3],
                                 fanboysSocialListResults[4], fanboysSocialListResults[5]};
@@ -5158,7 +5229,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 if (whitelistResultStringArray != null) {  // The request was processed by a whitelist.
                     nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(whitelistResultStringArray);
                 } else {  // The request didn't match any blocklist entry.  Log it as a default request.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[]{BlockListHelper.REQUEST_DEFAULT, url});
+                    nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[]{BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_DEFAULT, url});
                 }
 
                 // The resource request has not been blocked.  `return null` loads the requested resource.
@@ -5261,7 +5332,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         }
                     }
 
-                    // Replace Refresh with Stop if the options menu has been created.  (The WebView typically begins loading before the menu items are instantiated.)
+                    // Replace Refresh with Stop if the options menu has been created.  (The first WebView typically begins loading before the menu items are instantiated.)
                     if (optionsMenu != null) {
                         // Get a handle for the refresh menu item.
                         MenuItem refreshMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
@@ -5286,12 +5357,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             @Override
             public void onPageFinished(WebView view, String url) {
-                // Reset the wide view port if it has been turned off by the waiting for Orbot message.
-                if (!waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Only use a wide view port if the URL starts with `http`, not for `file://` and `content://`.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(url.startsWith("http"));
-                }
-
                 // Flush any cookies to persistent storage.  The cookie manager has become very lazy about flushing cookies in recent versions.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies() && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
                     CookieManager.getInstance().flush();
@@ -5358,6 +5423,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Get the current URL from the nested scroll WebView.  This is more accurate than using the URL passed into the method, which is sometimes not the final one.
                     String currentUrl = nestedScrollWebView.getUrl();
 
+                    // Get the current tab.
+                    TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(currentPagePosition);
+
                     // Update the URL text bar if the page is currently selected and the user is not currently typing in the URL edit text.
                     // Crash records show that, in some crazy way, it is possible for the current URL to be blank at this point.
                     // Probably some sort of race condition when Privacy Browser is being resumed.
@@ -5373,36 +5441,45 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             // Display the keyboard.
                             inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlEditText, 0);
 
-                            // Hide the WebView, which causes the default background color to be displayed according to the theme.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
-
                             // Apply the domain settings.  This clears any settings from the previous domain.
                             applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, "", true, false);
+
+                            // Only populate the title text view if the tab has been fully created.
+                            if (tab != null) {
+                                // Get the custom view from the tab.
+                                View tabView = tab.getCustomView();
+
+                                // Remove the incorrect warning below that the current tab view might be null.
+                                assert tabView != null;
+
+                                // Get the title text view from the tab.
+                                TextView tabTitleTextView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
+
+                                // Set the title as the tab text.
+                                tabTitleTextView.setText(R.string.new_tab);
+                            }
                         } else {  // The WebView has loaded a webpage.
                             // Display the final URL.  Getting the URL from the WebView instead of using the one provided by `onPageFinished()` makes websites like YouTube function correctly.
                             urlEditText.setText(currentUrl);
 
                             // Apply text highlighting to the URL.
                             highlightUrlText();
-                        }
-                    }
-
-                    // Get the current tab.
-                    TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(currentPagePosition);
 
-                    // Only populate the title text view if the tab has been fully created.
-                    if (tab != null) {
-                        // Get the custom view from the tab.
-                        View tabView = tab.getCustomView();
+                            // Only populate the title text view if the tab has been fully created.
+                            if (tab != null) {
+                                // Get the custom view from the tab.
+                                View tabView = tab.getCustomView();
 
-                        // Remove the incorrect warning below that the current tab view might be null.
-                        assert tabView != null;
+                                // Remove the incorrect warning below that the current tab view might be null.
+                                assert tabView != null;
 
-                        // Get the title text view from the tab.
-                        TextView tabTitleTextView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
+                                // Get the title text view from the tab.
+                                TextView tabTitleTextView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
 
-                        // Set the title as the tab text.  Sometimes `onReceivedTitle()` is not called, especially when navigating history.
-                        tabTitleTextView.setText(nestedScrollWebView.getTitle());
+                                // Set the title as the tab text.  Sometimes `onReceivedTitle()` is not called, especially when navigating history.
+                                tabTitleTextView.setText(nestedScrollWebView.getTitle());
+                            }
+                        }
                     }
                 }
             }
@@ -5506,9 +5583,22 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Load the URL.
             nestedScrollWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
 
-            // Display the keyboard if the URL is blank.
+            // Set the focus and display the keyboard if the URL is blank.
             if (url.equals("")) {
-                inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlEditText, 0);
+                // Request focus for the URL text box.
+                urlEditText.requestFocus();
+
+                // Create a display keyboard handler.
+                Handler displayKeyboardHandler = new Handler();
+
+                // Create a display keyboard runnable.
+                Runnable displayKeyboardRunnable = () -> {
+                    // Display the keyboard.
+                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlEditText, 0);
+                };
+
+                // Display the keyboard after 100 milliseconds, which leaves enough time for the tab to transition.
+                displayKeyboardHandler.postDelayed(displayKeyboardRunnable, 100);
             }
         }
     }