Speed up the initial loading of Privacy Browser.
[PrivacyBrowser.git] / app / src / main / java / com / stoutner / privacybrowser / activities / MainWebViewActivity.java
index 491763787976d5bb006d17563341745d5c0a50a3..895f20ad7547b9120066d49b61d00820263877f0 100644 (file)
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 /*
 /*
- * Copyright © 2015-2018 Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+ * Copyright © 2015-2019 Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
  *
  * Download cookie code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
  *
  *
  * Download cookie code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
  *
@@ -23,8 +23,9 @@ package com.stoutner.privacybrowser.activities;
 
 import android.Manifest;
 import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
 
 import android.Manifest;
 import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
-import android.app.DialogFragment;
+import android.app.Activity;
 import android.app.DownloadManager;
 import android.app.DownloadManager;
+import android.app.SearchManager;
 import android.content.ActivityNotFoundException;
 import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
 import android.content.ClipData;
 import android.content.ActivityNotFoundException;
 import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
 import android.content.ClipData;
@@ -51,25 +52,6 @@ import android.os.Handler;
 import android.preference.PreferenceManager;
 import android.print.PrintDocumentAdapter;
 import android.print.PrintManager;
 import android.preference.PreferenceManager;
 import android.print.PrintDocumentAdapter;
 import android.print.PrintManager;
-import android.support.annotation.NonNull;
-import android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout;
-import android.support.design.widget.FloatingActionButton;
-import android.support.design.widget.NavigationView;
-import android.support.design.widget.Snackbar;
-import android.support.v4.app.ActivityCompat;
-import android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
-// `ShortcutInfoCompat`, `ShortcutManagerCompat`, and `IconCompat` can be switched to the non-compat version once API >= 26.
-import android.support.v4.content.pm.ShortcutInfoCompat;
-import android.support.v4.content.pm.ShortcutManagerCompat;
-import android.support.v4.graphics.drawable.IconCompat;
-import android.support.v4.view.GravityCompat;
-import android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout;
-import android.support.v4.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout;
-import android.support.v7.app.ActionBar;
-import android.support.v7.app.ActionBarDrawerToggle;
-import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
-import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatDialogFragment;
-import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;
 import android.text.Editable;
 import android.text.Spanned;
 import android.text.TextWatcher;
 import android.text.Editable;
 import android.text.Spanned;
 import android.text.TextWatcher;
@@ -89,9 +71,9 @@ import android.webkit.CookieManager;
 import android.webkit.HttpAuthHandler;
 import android.webkit.SslErrorHandler;
 import android.webkit.ValueCallback;
 import android.webkit.HttpAuthHandler;
 import android.webkit.SslErrorHandler;
 import android.webkit.ValueCallback;
-import android.webkit.WebBackForwardList;
 import android.webkit.WebChromeClient;
 import android.webkit.WebResourceResponse;
 import android.webkit.WebChromeClient;
 import android.webkit.WebResourceResponse;
+import android.webkit.WebSettings;
 import android.webkit.WebStorage;
 import android.webkit.WebView;
 import android.webkit.WebViewClient;
 import android.webkit.WebStorage;
 import android.webkit.WebView;
 import android.webkit.WebViewClient;
@@ -108,27 +90,53 @@ import android.widget.RadioButton;
 import android.widget.RelativeLayout;
 import android.widget.TextView;
 
 import android.widget.RelativeLayout;
 import android.widget.TextView;
 
+import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
+import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBar;
+import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBarDrawerToggle;
+import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
+import androidx.appcompat.widget.Toolbar;
+import androidx.coordinatorlayout.widget.CoordinatorLayout;
+import androidx.core.app.ActivityCompat;
+import androidx.core.content.ContextCompat;
+import androidx.core.view.GravityCompat;
+import androidx.drawerlayout.widget.DrawerLayout;
+import androidx.fragment.app.DialogFragment;
+import androidx.fragment.app.FragmentManager;
+import androidx.swiperefreshlayout.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout;
+import androidx.viewpager.widget.ViewPager;
+
+import com.google.android.material.appbar.AppBarLayout;
+import com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton;
+import com.google.android.material.navigation.NavigationView;
+import com.google.android.material.snackbar.Snackbar;
+import com.google.android.material.tabs.TabLayout;
+
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.BuildConfig;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.R;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.BuildConfig;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.R;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.adapters.WebViewPagerAdapter;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.GetHostIpAddresses;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.PopulateBlocklists;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.AdConsentDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.AdConsentDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadFileDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadImageDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadLocationPermissionDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.HttpAuthenticationDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadImageDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadLocationPermissionDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.HttpAuthenticationDialog;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.SslCertificateErrorDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.UrlHistoryDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.ViewSslCertificateDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.UrlHistoryDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.ViewSslCertificateDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.fragments.WebViewTabFragment;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.AdHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.AdHelper;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlockListHelper;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlocklistHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BookmarksDatabaseHelper;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.CheckPinnedMismatchHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.DomainsDatabaseHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.OrbotProxyHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.DomainsDatabaseHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.OrbotProxyHelper;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadFileDialog;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.SslCertificateErrorDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.views.NestedScrollWebView;
 
 import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
 import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
 
 import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
 import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
@@ -149,114 +157,26 @@ import java.util.Set;
 
 // AppCompatActivity from android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity must be used to have access to the SupportActionBar until the minimum API is >= 21.
 public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBookmarkDialog.CreateBookmarkListener, CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.CreateBookmarkFolderListener,
 
 // AppCompatActivity from android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity must be used to have access to the SupportActionBar until the minimum API is >= 21.
 public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBookmarkDialog.CreateBookmarkListener, CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.CreateBookmarkFolderListener,
-        CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.CreateHomeScreenShortcutListener, DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener,
-        DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DownloadLocationPermissionDialogListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener, EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener,
-        HttpAuthenticationDialog.HttpAuthenticationListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog.PinnedSslCertificateMismatchListener,
-        SslCertificateErrorDialog.SslCertificateErrorListener, UrlHistoryDialog.UrlHistoryListener {
-
-    // `darkTheme` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.
-    public static boolean darkTheme;
-
-    // `allowScreenshots` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static boolean allowScreenshots;
-
-    // `favoriteIconBitmap` is public static so it can be accessed from `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog`, `BookmarksActivity`, `BookmarksDatabaseViewActivity`, `CreateBookmarkDialog`,
-    // `CreateBookmarkFolderDialog`, `EditBookmarkDialog`, `EditBookmarkFolderDialog`, `EditBookmarkDatabaseViewDialog`, and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`,
-    // `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap;
+        DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener, DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DownloadLocationPermissionDialogListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener,
+        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PopulateBlocklists.PopulateBlocklistsListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener {
 
 
-    // `formattedUrlString` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`, `CreateBookmarkDialog`, and `AddDomainDialog`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, and `loadUrlFromTextBox()`.
-    public static String formattedUrlString;
-
-    // `sslCertificate` is public static so it can be accessed from `DomainsActivity`, `DomainsListFragment`, `DomainSettingsFragment`, `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`,
-    // and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static SslCertificate sslCertificate;
-
-    // `orbotStatus` is public static so it can be accessed from `OrbotProxyHelper`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
+    // `orbotStatus` is public static so it can be accessed from `OrbotProxyHelper`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     public static String orbotStatus;
 
     public static String orbotStatus;
 
-    // `webViewTitle` is public static so it can be accessed from `CreateBookmarkDialog` and `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static String webViewTitle;
-
-    // `appliedUserAgentString` is public static so it can be accessed from `ViewSourceActivity`.  It is also used in `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static String appliedUserAgentString;
-
-    // `reloadOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`
-    public static boolean reloadOnRestart;
+    // The WebView pager adapter is accessed from `HttpAuthenticationDialog`, `PinnedMismatchDialog`, and `SslCertificateErrorDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `addTab()`.
+    public static WebViewPagerAdapter webViewPagerAdapter;
 
 
-    // `reloadUrlOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment` and `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
+    // The load URL on restart variables are public static so they can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  They are used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean loadUrlOnRestart;
     public static boolean loadUrlOnRestart;
+    public static String urlToLoadOnRestart;
 
     // `restartFromBookmarksActivity` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean restartFromBookmarksActivity;
 
 
     // `restartFromBookmarksActivity` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean restartFromBookmarksActivity;
 
-    // The block list versions are public static so they can be accessed from `AboutTabFragment`.  They are also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static String easyListVersion;
-    public static String easyPrivacyVersion;
-    public static String fanboysAnnoyanceVersion;
-    public static String fanboysSocialVersion;
-
-    // The request items are public static so they can be accessed by `BlockListHelper`, `RequestsArrayAdapter`, and `ViewRequestsDialog`.  They are also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static List<String[]> resourceRequests;
-    public static String[] whiteListResultStringArray;
-    public final static int REQUEST_DISPOSITION = 0;
-    public final static int REQUEST_URL = 1;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST = 2;
-    public final static int REQUEST_SUBLIST = 3;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST_ENTRIES = 4;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST_ORIGINAL_ENTRY = 5;
-
-    public final static int REQUEST_DEFAULT = 0;
-    public final static int REQUEST_ALLOWED = 1;
-    public final static int REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY = 2;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKED = 3;
-
-    public final static int MAIN_WHITELIST = 1;
-    public final static int FINAL_WHITELIST = 2;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_WHITELIST = 3;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_INITIAL_WHITELIST = 4;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_FINAL_WHITELIST = 5;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_WHITELIST = 6;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_WHITELIST = 7;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_INITIAL_WHITELIST = 8;
-
-    public final static int MAIN_BLACKLIST = 9;
-    public final static int INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 10;
-    public final static int FINAL_BLACKLIST = 11;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_BLACKLIST = 12;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 13;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_FINAL_BLACKLIST = 14;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 15;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_BLACKLIST = 16;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 17;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_BLACKLIST = 18;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 19;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 20;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 21;
-    public final static int REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 22;
-
-    // `blockAllThirdPartyRequests` is public static so it can be accessed from `RequestsActivity`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`
-    public static boolean blockAllThirdPartyRequests;
-
     // `currentBookmarksFolder` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onBackPressed()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`,
     // `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     public static String currentBookmarksFolder;
 
     // `currentBookmarksFolder` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onBackPressed()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`,
     // `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     public static String currentBookmarksFolder;
 
-    // `domainSettingsDatabaseId` is public static so it can be accessed from `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static int domainSettingsDatabaseId;
-
-    // The pinned domain SSL Certificate variables are public static so they can be accessed from `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`.  They are also used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString;
-    public static Date pinnedDomainSslStartDate;
-    public static Date pinnedDomainSslEndDate;
-
     // The user agent constants are public static so they can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`, `DomainsActivity`, and `DomainSettingsFragment`.
     public final static int UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT = -1;
     public final static int SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT = 1;
     // The user agent constants are public static so they can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`, `DomainsActivity`, and `DomainSettingsFragment`.
     public final static int UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT = -1;
     public final static int SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT = 1;
@@ -266,96 +186,48 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     public final static int DOMAINS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT = 13;
 
 
     public final static int DOMAINS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT = 13;
 
 
-    // `appBar` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private ActionBar appBar;
-
-    // `navigatingHistory` is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean navigatingHistory;
 
 
-    // `favoriteIconDefaultBitmap` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings`.
-    private Bitmap favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
-
-    // `drawerLayout` is used in `onCreate()`, `onNewIntent()`, `onBackPressed()`, and `onRestart()`.
-    private DrawerLayout drawerLayout;
-
-    // `rootCoordinatorLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private CoordinatorLayout rootCoordinatorLayout;
-
-    // `mainWebView` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `findPreviousOnPage()`,
-    // `findNextOnPage()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `setDisplayWebpageImages()`.
-    private WebView mainWebView;
-
-    // `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `onConfigurationChanged()`.
-    private FrameLayout fullScreenVideoFrameLayout;
-
-    // `swipeRefreshLayout` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onRestart()`.
-    private SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout;
-
-    // `urlAppBarRelativeLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private RelativeLayout urlAppBarRelativeLayout;
-
-    // `favoriteIconImageView` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`
-    private ImageView favoriteIconImageView;
-
-    // `cookieManager` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onDownloadImage()`, `onDownloadFile()`, and `onRestart()`.
-    private CookieManager cookieManager;
+    // The current WebView is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `findPreviousOnPage()`,
+    // `findNextOnPage()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    private NestedScrollWebView currentWebView;
 
     // `customHeader` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `loadUrl()`.
     private final Map<String, String> customHeaders = new HashMap<>();
 
 
     // `customHeader` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `loadUrl()`.
     private final Map<String, String> customHeaders = new HashMap<>();
 
-    // `javaScriptEnabled` is also used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
-    private boolean javaScriptEnabled;
-
-    // `firstPartyCookiesEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onDownloadImage()`, `onDownloadFile()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean firstPartyCookiesEnabled;
-
-    // `thirdPartyCookiesEnabled` used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean thirdPartyCookiesEnabled;
-
-    // `domStorageEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean domStorageEnabled;
-
-    // `saveFormDataEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.  It can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-    private boolean saveFormDataEnabled;
-
-    // `nightMode` is used in `onCreate()` and  `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean nightMode;
-
-    // `displayWebpageImagesBoolean` is used in `applyAppSettings()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean displayWebpageImagesBoolean;
-
-    // 'homepage' is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private String homepage;
-
-    // `searchURL` is used in `loadURLFromTextBox()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // The search URL is set in `applyProxyThroughOrbot()` and used in `onCreate()`, `onNewIntent()`, `loadURLFromTextBox()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
     private String searchURL;
 
     private String searchURL;
 
-    // The block list variables are used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean easyListEnabled;
-    private boolean easyPrivacyEnabled;
-    private boolean fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled;
-    private boolean fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled;
+    // The options menu is set in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `updatePrivacyIcons()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
+    private Menu optionsMenu;
 
 
-    // `privacyBrowserRuntime` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private Runtime privacyBrowserRuntime;
+    // The blocklists are populated in `finishedPopulatingBlocklists()` and accessed from `initializeWebView()`.
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyList;
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyPrivacy;
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysAnnoyanceList;
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysSocialList;
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> ultraPrivacy;
 
 
-    // `proxyThroughOrbot` is used in `onRestart()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // `webViewDefaultUserAgent` is used in `onCreate()` and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
+    private String webViewDefaultUserAgent;
+
+    // `proxyThroughOrbot` is used in `onRestart()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `applyAppSettings()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean proxyThroughOrbot;
 
     private boolean proxyThroughOrbot;
 
-    // `incognitoModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // The incognito mode is set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
     private boolean incognitoModeEnabled;
 
     private boolean incognitoModeEnabled;
 
-    // `fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // The full screen browsing mode tracker is set it `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
     private boolean fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled;
 
     // `inFullScreenBrowsingMode` is used in `onCreate()`, `onConfigurationChanged()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
     private boolean inFullScreenBrowsingMode;
 
     private boolean fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled;
 
     // `inFullScreenBrowsingMode` is used in `onCreate()`, `onConfigurationChanged()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
     private boolean inFullScreenBrowsingMode;
 
-    // `hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen;
+    // The app bar trackers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private boolean hideAppBar;
+    private boolean scrollAppBar;
 
 
-    // `translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen;
+    // The loading new intent tracker is set in `onNewIntent()` and used in `setCurrentWebView()`.
+    private boolean loadingNewIntent;
 
     // `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, and `onAddDomain()`, .
     private boolean reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart;
 
     // `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, and `onAddDomain()`, .
     private boolean reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart;
@@ -363,81 +235,33 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart` is used in `onNavigationItemSelected()` and `onRestart()`.
     private boolean reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart;
 
     // `reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart` is used in `onNavigationItemSelected()` and `onRestart()`.
     private boolean reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart;
 
-    // `currentDomainName` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onAddDomain()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private String currentDomainName;
+    // `displayingFullScreenVideo` is used in `onCreate()` and `onResume()`.
+    private boolean displayingFullScreenVideo;
 
 
-    // `ignorePinnedSslCertificateForDomain` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslMismatchProceed()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean ignorePinnedSslCertificate;
+    // `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` is used in `onCreate()` and `onDestroy()`.
+    private BroadcastReceiver orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver;
 
 
-    // `waitingForOrbot` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // `waitingForOrbot` is used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean waitingForOrbot;
 
     private boolean waitingForOrbot;
 
-    // `domainSettingsApplied` is used in `prepareOptionsMenu()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `setDisplayWebpageImages()`.
-    private boolean domainSettingsApplied;
-
-    // `displayWebpageImagesInt` is used in `applyDomainSettings()` and `setDisplayWebpageImages()`.
-    private int displayWebpageImagesInt;
-
-    // `onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet` is used in `applyDomainSettings()` and `setDisplayWebpageImages()`.
-    private boolean onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet;
-
-    // `waitingForOrbotData` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private String waitingForOrbotHTMLString;
-
-    // `privateDataDirectoryString` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
-    private String privateDataDirectoryString;
-
-    // `findOnPageLinearLayout` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout;
-
-    // `findOnPageEditText` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private EditText findOnPageEditText;
-
-    // `mainMenu` is used in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
-    private Menu mainMenu;
-
-    // `drawerToggle` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPostCreate()`, `onConfigurationChanged()`, `onNewIntent()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
-    private ActionBarDrawerToggle drawerToggle;
-
-    // `supportAppBar` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private Toolbar supportAppBar;
-
-    // `urlTextBox` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `loadUrl()`, and `highlightUrlText()`.
-    private EditText urlTextBox;
+    // The action bar drawer toggle is initialized in `onCreate()` and used in `onResume()`.
+    private ActionBarDrawerToggle actionBarDrawerToggle;
 
     // The color spans are used in `onCreate()` and `highlightUrlText()`.
     private ForegroundColorSpan redColorSpan;
     private ForegroundColorSpan initialGrayColorSpan;
     private ForegroundColorSpan finalGrayColorSpan;
 
 
     // The color spans are used in `onCreate()` and `highlightUrlText()`.
     private ForegroundColorSpan redColorSpan;
     private ForegroundColorSpan initialGrayColorSpan;
     private ForegroundColorSpan finalGrayColorSpan;
 
-    // `sslErrorHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslErrorCancel()`, and `onSslErrorProceed`.
-    private SslErrorHandler sslErrorHandler;
-
-    // `httpAuthHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onHttpAuthenticationCancel()`, and `onHttpAuthenticationProceed()`.
-    private static HttpAuthHandler httpAuthHandler;
-
-    // `inputMethodManager` is used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private InputMethodManager inputMethodManager;
-
-    // `mainWebViewRelativeLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
-    private RelativeLayout mainWebViewRelativeLayout;
-
-    // `urlIsLoading` is used in `onCreate()`, `loadUrl()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean urlIsLoading;
-
-    // `pinnedDomainSslCertificate` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean pinnedDomainSslCertificate;
+    // The drawer header padding variables are used in `onCreate()` and `onConfigurationChanged()`.
+    private int drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight;
+    private int drawerHeaderPaddingTop;
+    private int drawerHeaderPaddingBottom;
 
 
-    // `bookmarksDatabaseHelper` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
+    // `bookmarksDatabaseHelper` is used in `onCreate()`, `onDestroy`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`,
+    // and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private BookmarksDatabaseHelper bookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 
     private BookmarksDatabaseHelper bookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 
-    // `bookmarksListView` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
-    private ListView bookmarksListView;
-
-    // `bookmarksTitleTextView` is used in `onCreate()` and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
-    private TextView bookmarksTitleTextView;
-
-    // `bookmarksCursor` is used in `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
+    // `bookmarksCursor` is used in `onDestroy()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private Cursor bookmarksCursor;
 
     // `bookmarksCursorAdapter` is used in `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()` `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private Cursor bookmarksCursor;
 
     // `bookmarksCursorAdapter` is used in `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()` `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
@@ -449,7 +273,19 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `fileChooserCallback` is used in `onCreate()` and `onActivityResult()`.
     private ValueCallback<Uri[]> fileChooserCallback;
 
     // `fileChooserCallback` is used in `onCreate()` and `onActivityResult()`.
     private ValueCallback<Uri[]> fileChooserCallback;
 
-    // The download strings are used in `onCreate()` and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+    // The default progress view offsets are set in `onCreate()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private int defaultProgressViewStartOffset;
+    private int defaultProgressViewEndOffset;
+
+    // The swipe refresh layout top padding is used when exiting full screen browsing mode.  It is used in an inner class in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private int swipeRefreshLayoutPaddingTop;
+
+    // The URL sanitizers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `sanitizeUrl()`.
+    private boolean sanitizeGoogleAnalytics;
+    private boolean sanitizeFacebookClickIds;
+    private boolean sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects;
+
+    // The download strings are used in `onCreate()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()` and `initializeWebView()`.
     private String downloadUrl;
     private String downloadContentDisposition;
     private long downloadContentLength;
     private String downloadUrl;
     private String downloadContentDisposition;
     private long downloadContentLength;
@@ -457,27 +293,23 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `downloadImageUrl` is used in `onCreateContextMenu()` and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
     private String downloadImageUrl;
 
     // `downloadImageUrl` is used in `onCreateContextMenu()` and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
     private String downloadImageUrl;
 
-    // The user agent variables are used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private ArrayAdapter<CharSequence> userAgentNamesArray;
-    private String[] userAgentDataArray;
-
-    // The request codes are used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog()`, and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+    // The request codes are used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
     private final int DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE = 1;
     private final int DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE = 2;
 
     @Override
     private final int DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE = 1;
     private final int DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE = 2;
 
     @Override
-    // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.  The whole premise of Privacy Browser is built around an understanding of these dangers.
-    // Also, remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
-    @SuppressLint({"SetJavaScriptEnabled", "ClickableViewAccessibility"})
-    // Remove Android Studio's warning about deprecations.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
+    // Remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
+    @SuppressLint("ClickableViewAccessibility")
     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
+        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
         // Get the theme and screenshot preferences.
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
         // Get the theme and screenshot preferences.
-        darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
-        allowScreenshots = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("allow_screenshots", false);
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+        boolean allowScreenshots = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("allow_screenshots", false);
 
         // Disable screenshots if not allowed.
         if (!allowScreenshots) {
 
         // Disable screenshots if not allowed.
         if (!allowScreenshots) {
@@ -495,2513 +327,2055 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
 
         // Set the content view.
         super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
 
         // Set the content view.
-        setContentView(R.layout.main_drawerlayout);
+        setContentView(R.layout.main_framelayout);
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
 
 
-        // Get a handle for `inputMethodManager`.
-        inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+        // Set the action bar.  `SupportActionBar` must be used until the minimum API is >= 21.
+        setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
 
 
-        // `SupportActionBar` from `android.support.v7.app.ActionBar` must be used until the minimum API is >= 21.
-        supportAppBar = findViewById(R.id.app_bar);
-        setSupportActionBar(supportAppBar);
-        appBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        // Get a handle for the action bar.
+        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
 
 
-        // This is needed to get rid of the Android Studio warning that `appBar` might be null.
-        assert appBar != null;
+        // This is needed to get rid of the Android Studio warning that the action bar might be null.
+        assert actionBar != null;
 
 
-        // Add the custom `url_app_bar` layout, which shows the favorite icon and the URL text bar.
-        appBar.setCustomView(R.layout.url_app_bar);
-        appBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
+        // Add the custom layout, which shows the URL text bar.
+        actionBar.setCustomView(R.layout.url_app_bar);
+        actionBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
 
 
-        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
-        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
-        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
-        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        // Initially disable the sliding drawers.  They will be enabled once the blocklists are loaded.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_LOCKED_CLOSED);
 
 
-        // Get a handle for `urlTextBox`.
-        urlTextBox = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
 
 
-        // Remove the formatting from `urlTextBar` when the user is editing the text.
-        urlTextBox.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
-            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing `urlTextBox`.
-                // Remove the highlighting.
-                urlTextBox.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
-                urlTextBox.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
-                urlTextBox.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
-            } else {  // The user has stopped editing `urlTextBox`.
-                // Reapply the highlighting.
-                highlightUrlText();
-            }
-        });
+        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
+        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
 
 
-        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
-        urlTextBox.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
-            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
-                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
-                try {
-                    loadUrlFromTextBox();
-                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
-                    e.printStackTrace();
-                }
-                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {
-                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
+        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
+        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
 
 
-        // Set `waitingForOrbotHTMLString`.
-        waitingForOrbotHTMLString = "<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>";
+        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
+        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
 
 
-        // Initialize `currentDomainName`, `orbotStatus`, and `waitingForOrbot`.
-        currentDomainName = "";
-        orbotStatus = "unknown";
-        waitingForOrbot = false;
+        // Populate the blocklists.
+        new PopulateBlocklists(this, this).execute();
+    }
 
 
-        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
-        BroadcastReceiver orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
-            @Override
-            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
-                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
-                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
+    @Override
+    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
+        // Get the information from the intent.
+        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
+        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
 
 
-                // If we are waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
-                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Reset `waitingForOrbot`.
-                    waitingForOrbot = false;
+        // Determine if this is a web search.
+        boolean isWebSearch = ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH));
+
+        // Only process the URI if it contains data or it is a web search.  If the user pressed the desktop icon after the app was already running the URI will be null.
+        if (intentUriData != null || isWebSearch) {
+            // Get the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
 
-                    // Load `formattedUrlString
-                    loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+            // Create a URL string.
+            String url;
+
+            // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+            if (isWebSearch) {
+                // Create an encoded URL string.
+                String encodedUrlString;
+
+                // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                try {
+                    encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                    encodedUrlString = "";
                 }
                 }
+
+                // Add the base search URL.
+                url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+            } else {  // The intent should contain a URL.
+                // Set the intent data as the URL.
+                url = intentUriData.toString();
             }
             }
-        };
 
 
-        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
-        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
+            // Add a new tab if specified in the preferences.
+            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("open_intents_in_new_tab", true)) {  // Load the URL in a new tab.
+                // Set the loading new intent flag.
+                loadingNewIntent = true;
 
 
-        // Get handles for views that need to be accessed.
-        drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-        rootCoordinatorLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_coordinatorlayout);
-        bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
-        bookmarksTitleTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
-        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
-        mainWebViewRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.main_webview_relativelayout);
-        mainWebView = findViewById(R.id.main_webview);
-        findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
-        findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
-        fullScreenVideoFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.full_screen_video_framelayout);
-        urlAppBarRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.url_app_bar_relativelayout);
-        favoriteIconImageView = findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon);
+                // Add a new tab.
+                addNewTab(url);
+            } else {  // Load the URL in the current tab.
+                // Make it so.
+                loadUrl(url);
+            }
 
 
-        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
-        } else {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
-        }
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
 
-        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
-        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
-            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
+            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+            }
 
 
-            // Include the current folder with the `Intent`.
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("Current Folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
+        }
+    }
 
 
-            // Make it so.
-            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
-        });
+    @Override
+    public void onRestart() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onRestart();
 
 
-        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Show the `CreateBookmarkFolderDialog` `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/create_folder`.
-            AppCompatDialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = new CreateBookmarkFolderDialog();
-            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.create_folder));
-        });
+        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
+        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
+            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
 
 
-        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
-            // Show the `CreateBookmarkDialog` `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/create_bookmark`.
-            AppCompatDialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = new CreateBookmarkDialog();
-            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
-        });
+            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
+            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
 
 
-        // Create a double-tap listener to toggle full-screen mode.
-        final GestureDetector gestureDetector = new GestureDetector(this, new GestureDetector.SimpleOnGestureListener() {
-            // Override `onDoubleTap()`.  All other events are handled using the default settings.
-            @Override
-            public boolean onDoubleTap(MotionEvent event) {
-                if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled) {  // Only process the double-tap if full screen browsing mode is enabled.
-                    // Toggle `inFullScreenBrowsingMode`.
-                    inFullScreenBrowsingMode = !inFullScreenBrowsingMode;
+            // Make it so.
+            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
+        }
 
 
-                    if (inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Switch to full screen mode.
-                        // Hide the `appBar`.
-                        appBar.hide();
+        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity.
+        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply app settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
 
-                        // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
-                        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                            // The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-                            AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-                        }
+            // Apply the app settings.
+            applyAppSettings();
+        }
 
 
-                        // Modify the system bars.
-                        if (hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen) {  // Hide everything.
-                            // Remove the translucent overlays.
-                            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-
-                            // Remove the translucent status bar overlay on the `Drawer Layout`, which is special and needs its own command.
-                            drawerLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN);
-
-                            /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-                             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-                             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-                             */
-                            rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-
-                            // Set `rootCoordinatorLayout` to fill the whole screen.
-                            rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(false);
-                        } else {  // Hide everything except the status and navigation bars.
-                            // Set `rootCoordinatorLayout` to fit under the status and navigation bars.
-                            rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(false);
-
-                            // There is an Android Support Library bug that causes a scrim to print on the right side of the `Drawer Layout` when the navigation bar is displayed on the right of the screen.
-                            if (translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen) {
-                                // Set the navigation bar to be translucent.
-                                getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
-                            }
-                        }
-                    } else {  // Switch to normal viewing mode.
-                        // Show the `appBar`.
-                        appBar.show();
+        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the settings or domains activity.
+        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply domain settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
 
-                        // Show the `BannerAd` in the free flavor.
-                        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-                            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_id));
-                        }
+            // Reapply the domain settings for each tab.
+            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
 
-                        // Remove the translucent navigation bar flag if it is set.
-                        getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
+                // Get the fragment view.
+                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
 
-                        // Add the translucent status flag if it is unset.  This also resets `drawerLayout's` `View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN`.
-                        getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+                // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
+                if (fragmentView != null) {
+                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
 
-                        // Remove any `SYSTEM_UI` flags from `rootCoordinatorLayout`.
-                        rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+                    // Reset the current domain name so the domain settings will be reapplied.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
 
-                        // Constrain `rootCoordinatorLayout` inside the status and navigation bars.
-                        rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(true);
+                    // Reapply the domain settings if the URL is not null, which can happen if an empty tab is active when returning from settings.
+                    if (nestedScrollWebView.getUrl() != null) {
+                        applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, nestedScrollWebView.getUrl(), false, true);
                     }
                     }
-
-                    // Consume the double-tap.
-                    return true;
-                } else { // Do not consume the double-tap because full screen browsing mode is disabled.
-                    return false;
                 }
             }
                 }
             }
-        });
+        }
 
 
-        // Pass all touch events on `mainWebView` through `gestureDetector` to check for double-taps.
-        mainWebView.setOnTouchListener((View v, MotionEvent event) -> {
-            // Call `performClick()` on the view, which is required for accessibility.
-            v.performClick();
+        // Load the URL on restart (used when loading a bookmark).
+        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
+            // Load the specified URL.
+            loadUrl(urlToLoadOnRestart);
 
 
-            // Send the `event` to `gestureDetector`.
-            return gestureDetector.onTouchEvent(event);
-        });
+            // Reset the load on restart tracker.
+            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
+        }
 
 
-        // Update `findOnPageCountTextView`.
-        mainWebView.setFindListener(new WebView.FindListener() {
-            // Get a handle for `findOnPageCountTextView`.
-            final TextView findOnPageCountTextView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_count_textview);
+        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
+        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
 
-            @Override
-            public void onFindResultReceived(int activeMatchOrdinal, int numberOfMatches, boolean isDoneCounting) {
-                if ((isDoneCounting) && (numberOfMatches == 0)) {  // There are no matches.
-                    // Set `findOnPageCountTextView` to `0/0`.
-                    findOnPageCountTextView.setText(R.string.zero_of_zero);
-                } else if (isDoneCounting) {  // There are matches.
-                    // `activeMatchOrdinal` is zero-based.
-                    int activeMatch = activeMatchOrdinal + 1;
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
 
 
-                    // Build the match string.
-                    String matchString = activeMatch + "/" + numberOfMatches;
+            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
+            loadBookmarksFolder();
 
 
-                    // Set `findOnPageCountTextView`.
-                    findOnPageCountTextView.setText(matchString);
-                }
-            }
-        });
+            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
+            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
+        }
 
 
-        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
-        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
-            @Override
-            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+    }
 
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
+    @Override
+    public void onResume() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onResume();
 
 
-            @Override
-            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
-                // Search for the text in `mainWebView`.
-                mainWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
-            }
-        });
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
 
-        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
-        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
-                // Hide the soft keyboard.  `0` indicates no additional flags.
-                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mainWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
 
-                // Consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
-                // Do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
+            // Only resume the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
 
-        // Implement swipe to refresh
-        swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swipe_refreshlayout);
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_700);
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> mainWebView.reload());
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
+                nestedScrollWebView.resumeTimers();
 
 
-        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.onResume();
+            }
+        }
 
 
-        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
-        final NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
-        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
+        // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
+        if (waitingForOrbot && !orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
+            // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
+            currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
 
-        // Get handles for `navigationMenu` and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based, so items 1, 2, and 3 are the second, third, and fourth entries in the menu.
-        final Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
-        final MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(1);
-        final MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(2);
-        final MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
-        final MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
+            // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
+            currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
+        }
 
 
-        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  `this` specifies the context.  The two `nulls` do not specify the database name or a `CursorFactory`.
-        // The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
+        if (displayingFullScreenVideo || inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Get a handle for the root frame layouts.
+            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
+
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {  // Resume the adView for the free flavor.
+            // Resume the ad.
+            AdHelper.resumeAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+        }
+    }
 
 
-        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
-        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
-
-        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
-        loadBookmarksFolder();
+    @Override
+    public void onPause() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onPause();
 
 
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
-            int databaseID = (int) id;
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
 
-            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
-            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarkCursor(databaseID);
-            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
 
-            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
-            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
-                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+            // Only pause the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
 
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
-            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
-                // Load the bookmark URL.
-                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
+                // Pause the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.onPause();
 
 
-                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+                // Pause the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
+                nestedScrollWebView.pauseTimers();
             }
             }
+        }
 
 
-            // Close the `Cursor`.
-            bookmarkCursor.close();
-        });
-
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
-            int databaseId = (int) id;
+        // Pause the ad or it will continue to consume resources in the background on the free flavor.
+        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+            // Pause the ad.
+            AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+        }
+    }
 
 
-            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
-            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
+    @Override
+    public void onDestroy() {
+        // Unregister the Orbot status broadcast receiver.
+        this.unregisterReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver);
 
 
-            if (isFolder) {
-                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
-                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
+        bookmarksCursor.close();
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
 
 
-                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment editFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId);
-                editFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.edit_folder));
-            } else {
-                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId);
-                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
-            }
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onDestroy();
+    }
 
 
-            // Consume the event.
-            return true;
-        });
+    @Override
+    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
+        // Inflate the menu.  This adds items to the action bar if it is present.
+        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.webview_options_menu, menu);
 
 
-        // The `DrawerListener` is used to update the Navigation Menu.
-        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
-            }
+        // Store a handle for the options menu so it can be used by `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
+        optionsMenu = menu;
 
 
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
+        // Set the initial status of the privacy icons.  `false` does not call `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(false);
 
 
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
+        // Get handles for the menu items.
+        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
+        MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
 
 
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
-                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // The drawer is opening or closing.
-                    // Initialize a the blocked requests counter.
-                    int blockedRequests = 0;
-
-                    // Count the number of blocked requests.
-                    for (int i = 0; i < resourceRequests.size(); i++) {
-                        // Add the blocked requests.
-                        if (Integer.valueOf(resourceRequests.get(i)[REQUEST_DISPOSITION]) == REQUEST_BLOCKED) {
-                            blockedRequests++;
-                        }
+        // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
+        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21);
 
 
-                        // Add the third-party requests if they are blocked.
-                        if (blockAllThirdPartyRequests && (Integer.valueOf(resourceRequests.get(i)[REQUEST_DISPOSITION]) == REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY)) {
-                            blockedRequests++;
-                        }
-                    }
+        // Only display the form data menu items if the API < 26.
+        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
+        clearFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
 
 
-                    // Update the back, forward, history, and requests menu items.
-                    navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebView.canGoBack());
-                    navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebView.canGoForward());
-                    navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((mainWebView.canGoBack() || mainWebView.canGoForward()));
-                    navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getResources().getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+        // Disable the clear form data menu item if the API >= 26 so that the status of the main Clear Data is calculated correctly.
+        clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
 
 
-                    // Hide the keyboard (if displayed) so we can see the navigation menu.  `0` indicates no additional flags.
-                    inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mainWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+        // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
+        adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
 
 
-                    // Clear the focus from `urlTextBox` if it has it.
-                    urlTextBox.clearFocus();
-                }
-            }
-        });
+        // Get the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
 
-        // drawerToggle creates the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
-        drawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, supportAppBar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
+        // Get the dark theme and app bar preferences..
+        boolean displayAdditionalAppBarIcons = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false);
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
 
-        // Get a handle for the progress bar.
-        final ProgressBar progressBar = findViewById(R.id.progress_bar);
+        // Set the status of the additional app bar icons.  Setting the refresh menu item to `SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS` makes it appear even on small devices like phones.
+        if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
+            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
+            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
+            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS);
+        } else { //Do not display the additional icons.
+            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+        }
 
 
-        mainWebView.setWebChromeClient(new WebChromeClient() {
-            // Update the progress bar when a page is loading.
-            @Override
-            public void onProgressChanged(WebView view, int progress) {
-                // Inject the night mode CSS if night mode is enabled.
-                if (nightMode) {
-                    // `background-color: #212121` sets the background to be dark gray.  `color: #BDBDBD` sets the text color to be light gray.  `box-shadow: none` removes a lower underline on links
-                    // used by WordPress.  `text-decoration: none` removes all text underlines.  `text-shadow: none` removes text shadows, which usually have a hard coded color.
-                    // `border: none` removes all borders, which can also be used to underline text.
-                    // `a {color: #1565C0}` sets links to be a dark blue.  `!important` takes precedent over any existing sub-settings.
-                    mainWebView.evaluateJavascript("(function() {var parent = document.getElementsByTagName('head').item(0); var style = document.createElement('style'); style.type = 'text/css'; " +
-                            "style.innerHTML = '* {background-color: #212121 !important; color: #BDBDBD !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-decoration: none !important;" +
-                            "text-shadow: none !important; border: none !important;} a {color: #1565C0 !important;}'; parent.appendChild(style)})()", value -> {
-                                // Initialize a `Handler` to display `mainWebView`.
-                                Handler displayWebViewHandler = new Handler();
-
-                                // Setup a `Runnable` to display `mainWebView` after a delay to allow the CSS to be applied.
-                                Runnable displayWebViewRunnable = () -> {
-                                    // Only display `mainWebView` if the progress bar is one.  This prevents the display of the `WebView` while it is still loading.
-                                    if (progressBar.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
-                                        mainWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-                                    }
-                                };
+        // Replace Refresh with Stop if a URL is already loading.
+        if (currentWebView != null && currentWebView.getProgress() != 100) {
+            // Set the title.
+            refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.stop);
 
 
-                                // Use `displayWebViewHandler` to delay the displaying of `mainWebView` for 500 milliseconds.
-                                displayWebViewHandler.postDelayed(displayWebViewRunnable, 500);
-                            });
+            // If the icon is displayed in the AppBar, set it according to the theme.
+            if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_dark);
+                } else {
+                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_light);
                 }
                 }
+            }
+        }
 
 
-                // Update the progress bar.
-                progressBar.setProgress(progress);
-
-                // Set the visibility of the progress bar.
-                if (progress < 100) {
-                    // Show the progress bar.
-                    progressBar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-                } else {
-                    // Hide the progress bar.
-                    progressBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+        // Done.
+        return true;
+    }
 
 
-                    // Display `mainWebView` if night mode is disabled.
-                    // Because of a race condition between `applyDomainSettings` and `onPageStarted`, when night mode is set by domain settings the `WebView` may be hidden even if night mode is not
-                    // currently enabled.
-                    if (!nightMode) {
-                        mainWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-                    }
+    @Override
+    public boolean onPrepareOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
+        // Get handles for the menu items.
+        MenuItem addOrEditDomain = menu.findItem(R.id.add_or_edit_domain);
+        MenuItem firstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem domStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem saveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem clearDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_data);
+        MenuItem clearCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_cookies);
+        MenuItem clearDOMStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem blocklistsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.blocklists);
+        MenuItem easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
+        MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
+        MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
+        MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
+        MenuItem ultraPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy);
+        MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
+        MenuItem fontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size);
+        MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
+        MenuItem wideViewportMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.wide_viewport);
+        MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
+        MenuItem nightModeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.night_mode);
+        MenuItem proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.proxy_through_orbot);
 
 
-                    //Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
-                    swipeRefreshLayout.setRefreshing(false);
-                }
-            }
+        // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+        CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
 
-            // Set the favorite icon when it changes.
-            @Override
-            public void onReceivedIcon(WebView view, Bitmap icon) {
-                // Only update the favorite icon if the website has finished loading.
-                if (progressBar.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
-                    // Save a copy of the favorite icon.
-                    favoriteIconBitmap = icon;
+        // Initialize the current user agent string and the font size.
+        String currentUserAgent = getString(R.string.user_agent_privacy_browser);
+        int fontSize = 100;
 
 
-                    // Place the favorite icon in the appBar.
-                    favoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(icon, 64, 64, true));
-                }
+        // Set items that require the current web view to be populated.  It will be null when the program is first opened, as `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` is called before the first WebView is initialized.
+        if (currentWebView != null) {
+            // Set the add or edit domain text.
+            if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {
+                addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.edit_domain_settings);
+            } else {
+                addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.add_domain_settings);
             }
 
             }
 
-            // Save a copy of the title when it changes.
-            @Override
-            public void onReceivedTitle(WebView view, String title) {
-                // Save a copy of the title.
-                webViewTitle = title;
+            // Get the current user agent from the WebView.
+            currentUserAgent = currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+
+            // Get the current font size from the
+            fontSize = currentWebView.getSettings().getTextZoom();
+
+            // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
+            domStorageMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
+            saveFormDataMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+            easyListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST));
+            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY));
+            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
+            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
+            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
+            blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
+            swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+            wideViewportMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
+            displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
+            nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getNightMode());
+
+            // Initialize the display names for the blocklists with the number of blocked requests.
+            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+            easyListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
+            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
+            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
+            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
+            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
+            blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS) + " - " + getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
+
+            // Only modify third-party cookies if the API >= 21.
+            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                // Set the status of the third-party cookies checkbox.
+                thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
+
+                // Enable third-party cookies if first-party cookies are enabled.
+                thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
             }
 
             }
 
-            // Enter full screen video.
-            @Override
-            public void onShowCustomView(View view, CustomViewCallback callback) {
-                // Pause the ad if this is the free flavor.
-                if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                    // The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-                    AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-                }
-
-                // Remove the translucent overlays.
-                getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-
-                // Remove the translucent status bar overlay on the `Drawer Layout`, which is special and needs its own command.
-                drawerLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN);
+            // Enable DOM Storage if JavaScript is enabled.
+            domStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled());
+        }
 
 
-                /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-                 * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-                 * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-                 */
-                rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
+        firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
+        proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem.setChecked(proxyThroughOrbot);
 
 
-                // Set `rootCoordinatorLayout` to fill the entire screen.
-                rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(false);
+        // Enable Clear Cookies if there are any.
+        clearCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.hasCookies());
 
 
-                // Disable the sliding drawers.
-                drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_LOCKED_CLOSED);
+        // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+        String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
 
 
-                // Add `view` to `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout` and display it on the screen.
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.addView(view);
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-            }
+        // Get a count of the number of files in the Local Storage directory.
+        File localStorageDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/");
+        int localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
+        if (localStorageDirectory.exists()) {
+            localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = localStorageDirectory.list().length;
+        }
 
 
-            // Exit full screen video.
-            @Override
-            public void onHideCustomView() {
-                // Hide `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout`.
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.removeAllViews();
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+        // Get a count of the number of files in the IndexedDB directory.
+        File indexedDBDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+        int indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
+        if (indexedDBDirectory.exists()) {
+            indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = indexedDBDirectory.list().length;
+        }
 
 
-                // Enable the sliding drawers.
-                drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_UNLOCKED);
+        // Enable Clear DOM Storage if there is any.
+        clearDOMStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0 || indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0);
 
 
-                // Add the translucent status flag.  This also resets `drawerLayout's` `View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN`.
-                getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+        // Enable Clear Form Data is there is any.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
+            // Get the WebView database.
+            WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
 
 
-                // Set `rootCoordinatorLayout` to fit inside the status and navigation bars.  This also clears the `SYSTEM_UI` flags.
-                rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(true);
+            // Enable the clear form data menu item if there is anything to clear.
+            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(webViewDatabase.hasFormData());
+        }
 
 
-                // Show the ad if this is the free flavor.
-                if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                    // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-                    AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_id));
-                }
-            }
+        // Enable Clear Data if any of the submenu items are enabled.
+        clearDataMenuItem.setEnabled(clearCookiesMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearDOMStorageMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearFormDataMenuItem.isEnabled());
 
 
-            // Upload files.
-            @Override
-            public boolean onShowFileChooser(WebView webView, ValueCallback<Uri[]> filePathCallback, FileChooserParams fileChooserParams) {
-                // Show the file chooser if the device is running API >= 21.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    // Store the file path callback.
-                    fileChooserCallback = filePathCallback;
+        // Disable Fanboy's Social Blocking List menu item if Fanboy's Annoyance List is checked.
+        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.isChecked());
+
+        // Select the current user agent menu item.  A switch statement cannot be used because the user agents are not compile time constants.
+        if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0])) {  // Privacy Browser.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(webViewDefaultUserAgent)) {  // WebView Default.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_webview_default).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2])) {  // Firefox on Android.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3])) {  // Chrome on Android.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4])) {  // Safari on iOS.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5])) {  // Firefox on Linux.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6])) {  // Chromium on Linux.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7])) {  // Firefox on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8])) {  // Chrome on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9])) {  // Edge on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10])) {  // Internet Explorer on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11])) {  // Safari on macOS.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos).setChecked(true);
+        } else {  // Custom user agent.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_custom).setChecked(true);
+        }
 
 
-                    // Create an intent to open a chooser based ont the file chooser parameters.
-                    Intent fileChooserIntent = fileChooserParams.createIntent();
+        // Instantiate the font size title and the selected font size menu item.
+        String fontSizeTitle;
+        MenuItem selectedFontSizeMenuItem;
 
 
-                    // Open the file chooser.  Currently only one `startActivityForResult` exists in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is simply `0`.
-                    startActivityForResult(fileChooserIntent, 0);
-                }
-                return true;
-            }
-        });
+        // Prepare the font size title and current size menu item.
+        switch (fontSize) {
+            case 25:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.twenty_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent);
+                break;
 
 
-        // Register `mainWebView` for a context menu.  This is used to see link targets and download images.
-        registerForContextMenu(mainWebView);
+            case 50:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.fifty_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_fifty_percent);
+                break;
 
 
-        // Allow the downloading of files.
-        mainWebView.setDownloadListener((String url, String userAgent, String contentDisposition, String mimetype, long contentLength) -> {
-            // Check to see if the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {
-                // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
-
-                // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
-                downloadUrl = url;
-                downloadContentDisposition = contentDisposition;
-                downloadContentLength = contentLength;
-
-                // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                    // Get a handle for the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
-                    DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
-
-                    // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
-                    downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
-                } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                    // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                    ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                }
-            } else {  // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(url, contentDisposition, contentLength);
-
-                // Show the download file alert dialog.
-                downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
-            }
-        });
+            case 75:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.seventy_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent);
+                break;
 
 
-        // Allow pinch to zoom.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setBuiltInZoomControls(true);
+            case 100:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
+                break;
 
 
-        // Hide zoom controls.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setDisplayZoomControls(false);
+            case 125:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
+                break;
 
 
-        // Set `mainWebView` to use a wide viewport.  Otherwise, some web pages will be scrunched and some content will render outside the screen.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
+            case 150:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_fifty_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent);
+                break;
 
 
-        // Set `mainWebView` to load in overview mode (zoomed out to the maximum width).
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadWithOverviewMode(true);
-
-        // Explicitly disable geolocation.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setGeolocationEnabled(false);
+            case 175:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
+                break;
 
 
-        // Initialize cookieManager.
-        cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+            case 200:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.two_hundred_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent);
+                break;
 
 
-        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
-        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
+            default:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
+                break;
+        }
 
 
-        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `this` is the context.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
-        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+        // Set the font size title and select the current size menu item.
+        fontSizeMenuItem.setTitle(fontSizeTitle);
+        selectedFontSizeMenuItem.setChecked(true);
 
 
-        // Get the intent that started the app.
-        final Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
+        // Run all the other default commands.
+        super.onPrepareOptionsMenu(menu);
 
 
-        // Extract the launching intent data as `launchingIntentUriData`.
-        final Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
+        // Display the menu.
+        return true;
+    }
 
 
-        // Convert the launching intent URI data (if it exists) to a string and store it in `formattedUrlString`.
-        if (launchingIntentUriData != null) {
-            formattedUrlString = launchingIntentUriData.toString();
+    @Override
+    // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.
+    @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
+    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem menuItem) {
+        // Reenter full screen browsing mode if it was interrupted by the options menu.  <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/389>
+        if (inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+
+            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
+
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
         }
 
         }
 
-        // Get a handle for the `Runtime`.
-        privacyBrowserRuntime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+        // Get the selected menu item ID.
+        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
 
 
-        // Store the application's private data directory.
-        privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
-        // `dataDir` will vary, but will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
 
-        // Initialize `inFullScreenBrowsingMode`, which is always false at this point because Privacy Browser never starts in full screen browsing mode.
-        inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+        // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+        CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
 
-        // Initialize the privacy settings variables.
-        javaScriptEnabled = false;
-        firstPartyCookiesEnabled = false;
-        thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = false;
-        domStorageEnabled = false;
-        saveFormDataEnabled = false;  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        nightMode = false;
+        // Run the commands that correlate to the selected menu item.
+        switch (menuItemId) {
+            case R.id.toggle_javascript:
+                // Toggle the JavaScript status.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(!currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled());
 
 
-        // Initialize the WebView title.
-        webViewTitle = getString(R.string.no_title);
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
 
-        // Initialize the favorite icon bitmap.  `ContextCompat` must be used until API >= 21.
-        Drawable favoriteIconDrawable = ContextCompat.getDrawable(getApplicationContext(), R.drawable.world);
-        BitmapDrawable favoriteIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) favoriteIconDrawable;
-        assert favoriteIconBitmapDrawable != null;
-        favoriteIconDefaultBitmap = favoriteIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+                // Display a `Snackbar`.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScrip is enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.javascript_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {  // JavaScript is disabled, but first-party cookies are enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.javascript_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {  // Privacy mode.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                }
 
 
-        // If the favorite icon is null, load the default.
-        if (favoriteIconBitmap == null) {
-            favoriteIconBitmap = favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
-        }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Initialize the user agent array adapter and string array.
-        userAgentNamesArray = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this, R.array.user_agent_names, R.layout.domain_settings_spinner_item);
-        userAgentDataArray = getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data);
+            case R.id.add_or_edit_domain:
+                if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Edit the current domain settings.
+                    // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
+                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
 
-        // Apply the app settings from the shared preferences.
-        applyAppSettings();
+                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
+                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
 
-        // Instantiate the block list helper.
-        BlockListHelper blockListHelper = new BlockListHelper();
+                    // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("load_domain", currentWebView.getDomainSettingsDatabaseId());
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                    // Get the current certificate.
+                    SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                    // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                    if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                        // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                        String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                        String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                        String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                        String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                        String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                        String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                        long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                        long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                        // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                    }
 
 
-        // Initialize the list of resource requests.
-        resourceRequests = new ArrayList<>();
+                    // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                    if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                        // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                    }
 
 
-        // Parse the block lists.
-        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easylist.txt");
-        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easyprivacy.txt");
-        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysAnnoyanceList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-annoyance.txt");
-        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysSocialList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-social.txt");
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                } else {  // Add a new domain.
+                    // Apply the new domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
+                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
 
-        // Store the list versions.
-        easyListVersion = easyList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        easyPrivacyVersion = easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        fanboysAnnoyanceVersion = fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        fanboysSocialVersion = fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0];
+                    // Get the current domain
+                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(currentWebView.getUrl());
+                    String currentDomain = currentUri.getHost();
 
 
-        mainWebView.setWebViewClient(new WebViewClient() {
-            // `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` makes this `WebView` the default handler for URLs inside the app, so that links are not kicked out to other apps.
-            // The deprecated `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` must be used until API >= 24.
-            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-            @Override
-            public boolean shouldOverrideUrlLoading(WebView view, String url) {
-                if (url.startsWith("http")) {  // Load the URL in Privacy Browser.
-                    // Apply the domain settings for the new URL.  `applyDomainSettings` doesn't do anything if the domain has not changed.
-                    applyDomainSettings(url, true, false);
+                    // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
+                    DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
 
-                    // Returning false causes the current WebView to handle the URL and prevents it from adding redirects to the history list.
-                    return false;
-                } else if (url.startsWith("mailto:")) {  // Load the email address in an external email program.
-                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
-                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
+                    // Create the domain and store the database ID.
+                    int newDomainDatabaseId = domainsDatabaseHelper.addDomain(currentDomain);
 
 
-                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the intent.
-                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
+                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
 
-                    // Open the email program in a new task instead of as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+                    // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("load_domain", newDomainDatabaseId);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                    // Get the current certificate.
+                    SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                    // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                    if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                        // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                        String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                        String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                        String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                        String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                        String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                        String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                        long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                        long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                        // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                    }
+
+                    // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                    if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                        // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                    }
 
                     // Make it so.
 
                     // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(emailIntent);
+                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                }
+                return true;
 
 
-                    // Returning true indicates Privacy Browser is handling the URL by creating an intent.
-                    return true;
-                } else if (url.startsWith("tel:")) {  // Load the phone number in the dialer.
-                    // Open the dialer and load the phone number, but wait for the user to place the call.
-                    Intent dialIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL);
+            case R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies:
+                // Switch the first-party cookie status.
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(!cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
 
-                    // Add the phone number to the intent.
-                    dialIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+                // Store the first-party cookie status.
+                currentWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
 
-                    // Open the dialer in a new task instead of as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    dialIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(dialIntent);
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
 
-                    // Returning true indicates Privacy Browser is handling the URL by creating an intent.
-                    return true;
-                } else {  // Load a system chooser to select an app that can handle the URL.
-                    // Open an app that can handle the URL.
-                    Intent genericIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.first_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScript is still enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.first_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {  // Privacy mode.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                }
 
 
-                    // Add the URL to the intent.
-                    genericIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-                    // List all apps that can handle the URL instead of just opening the first one.
-                    genericIntent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_BROWSABLE);
+            case R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies:
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                    // Switch the status of thirdPartyCookiesEnabled.
+                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView, !cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
 
 
-                    // Open the app in a new task instead of as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    genericIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+                    // Update the menu checkbox.
+                    menuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
 
 
-                    // Start the app or display a snackbar if no app is available to handle the URL.
-                    try {
-                        startActivity(genericIntent);
-                    } catch (ActivityNotFoundException exception) {
-                        Snackbar.make(mainWebView, getString(R.string.unrecognized_url) + "  " + url, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                    // Display a snackbar.
+                    if (cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView)) {
+                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.third_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                    } else {
+                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.third_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                     }
 
                     }
 
-                    // Returning true indicates Privacy Browser is handling the URL by creating an intent.
-                    return true;
-                }
-            }
-
-            // Check requests against the block lists.  The deprecated `shouldInterceptRequest()` must be used until minimum API >= 21.
-            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-            @Override
-            public WebResourceResponse shouldInterceptRequest(WebView view, String url){
-                // Create an empty web resource response to be used if the resource request is blocked.
-                WebResourceResponse emptyWebResourceResponse = new WebResourceResponse("text/plain", "utf8", new ByteArrayInputStream("".getBytes()));
-
-                // Reset `whiteListResultStringArray`.
-                whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+                    // Reload the current WebView.
+                    currentWebView.reload();
+                } // Else do nothing because SDK < 21.
+                return true;
 
 
-                // Initialize the third party request tracker.
-                boolean isThirdPartyRequest = false;
+            case R.id.toggle_dom_storage:
+                // Toggle the status of domStorageEnabled.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(!currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
 
 
-                //
-                String currentDomain = "";
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
 
 
-                // Nobody is happy when comparing null strings.
-                if (!(formattedUrlString == null) && !(url == null)) {
-                    // Get the domain strings to URIs.
-                    Uri currentDomainUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
-                    Uri requestDomainUri = Uri.parse(url);
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` refreshes the app bar icons.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
 
-                    // Get the domain host names.
-                    String currentBaseDomain = currentDomainUri.getHost();
-                    String requestBaseDomain = requestDomainUri.getHost();
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled()) {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                }
 
 
-                    // Update the current domain variable.
-                    currentDomain = currentBaseDomain;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-                    // Only compare the current base domain and the request base domain if neither is null.
-                    if (!(currentBaseDomain == null) && !(requestBaseDomain == null)) {
-                        // Determine the current base domain.
-                        while (currentBaseDomain.indexOf(".", currentBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1) > 0) {  // There is at least one subdomain.
-                            // Remove the first subdomain.
-                            currentBaseDomain = currentBaseDomain.substring(currentBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1);
-                        }
+            // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+            case R.id.toggle_save_form_data:
+                // Switch the status of saveFormDataEnabled.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(!currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());
 
 
-                        // Determine the request base domain.
-                        while (requestBaseDomain.indexOf(".", requestBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1) > 0) {  // There is at least one subdomain.
-                            // Remove the first subdomain.
-                            requestBaseDomain = requestBaseDomain.substring(requestBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1);
-                        }
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());
 
 
-                        // Update the third party request tracker.
-                        isThirdPartyRequest = !currentBaseDomain.equals(requestBaseDomain);
-                    }
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData()) {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                 }
 
                 }
 
-                // Block third-party requests if enabled.
-                if (isThirdPartyRequest && blockAllThirdPartyRequests) {
-                    // Add the request to the log.
-                    resourceRequests.add(new String[]{String.valueOf(REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY), url});
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
 
-                    // Return an empty web resource response.
-                    return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-                // Check EasyList if it is enabled.
-                if (easyListEnabled) {
-                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyList)) {
-                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
-                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    }
-                }
+            case R.id.clear_cookies:
+                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.cookies_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
+                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
+                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
+                        })
+                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
+                            @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
+                            @Override
+                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the cookies, which command varies by SDK.
+                                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21) {
+                                        cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
+                                    } else {
+                                        cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
+                                    }
+                                }
+                            }
+                        })
+                        .show();
+                return true;
 
 
-                // Check EasyPrivacy if it is enabled.
-                if (easyPrivacyEnabled) {
-                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyPrivacy)) {
-                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
-                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    }
-                }
+            case R.id.clear_dom_storage:
+                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
+                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
+                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
+                        })
+                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
+                            @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
+                            @Override
+                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the DOM Storage.
+                                    WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
+                                    webStorage.deleteAllData();
 
 
-                // Check Fanboy’s Annoyance List if it is enabled.
-                if (fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled) {
-                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysAnnoyanceList)) {
-                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
-                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    }
-                } else if (fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled){  // Only check Fanboy’s Social Blocking List if Fanboy’s Annoyance List is disabled.
-                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysSocialList)) {
-                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
-                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    }
-                }
+                                    // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                    Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
 
 
-                // Add the request to the log because it hasn't been processed by any of the previous checks.
-                if (whiteListResultStringArray != null ) {  // The request was processed by a whitelist.
-                    resourceRequests.add(whiteListResultStringArray);
-                } else {  // The request didn't match any blocklist entry.  Log it as a defult request.
-                    resourceRequests.add(new String[]{String.valueOf(REQUEST_DEFAULT), url});
-                }
+                                    // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                    Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
+                                        try {
+                                            // Get a handle for the runtime.
+                                            Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
 
 
-                // The resource request has not been blocked.  `return null` loads the requested resource.
-                return null;
-            }
+                                            // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`,
+                                            // which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+                                            String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
 
 
-            // Handle HTTP authentication requests.
-            @Override
-            public void onReceivedHttpAuthRequest(WebView view, HttpAuthHandler handler, String host, String realm) {
-                // Store `handler` so it can be accessed from `onHttpAuthenticationCancel()` and `onHttpAuthenticationProceed()`.
-                httpAuthHandler = handler;
+                                            // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                                            Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
 
 
-                // Display the HTTP authentication dialog.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment httpAuthenticationDialogFragment = HttpAuthenticationDialog.displayDialog(host, realm);
-                httpAuthenticationDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.http_authentication));
-            }
+                                            // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                                            Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+                                            Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
+                                            Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
+                                            Process deleteDatabasesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
+
+                                            // Wait for the processes to finish.
+                                            deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteDatabasesProcess.waitFor();
+                                        } catch (Exception exception) {
+                                            // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+                                        }
+                                    };
 
 
-            // Update the URL in urlTextBox when the page starts to load.
-            @Override
-            public void onPageStarted(WebView view, String url, Bitmap favicon) {
-                // Reset the list of resource requests.
-                resourceRequests.clear();
+                                    // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
+                                    deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
+                                }
+                            }
+                        })
+                        .show();
+                return true;
 
 
-                // If night mode is enabled, hide `mainWebView` until after the night mode CSS is applied.
-                if (nightMode) {
-                    mainWebView.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
-                }
+            // Form data can be remove once the minimum API >= 26.
+            case R.id.clear_form_data:
+                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
+                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
+                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
+                        })
+                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
+                            @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
+                            @Override
+                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the form data.
+                                    WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(getApplicationContext());
+                                    mainWebViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+                                }
+                            }
+                        })
+                        .show();
+                return true;
 
 
-                // Hide the keyboard.  `0` indicates no additional flags.
-                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mainWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+            case R.id.easylist:
+                // Toggle the EasyList status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST));
 
 
-                // Check to see if Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot.
-                if (!waitingForOrbot) {  // We are not waiting on Orbot, so we need to process the URL.
-                    // We need to update `formattedUrlString` at the beginning of the load, so that if the user toggles JavaScript during the load the new website is reloaded.
-                    formattedUrlString = url;
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST));
 
 
-                    // Display the formatted URL text.
-                    urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-                    // Apply text highlighting to `urlTextBox`.
-                    highlightUrlText();
+            case R.id.easyprivacy:
+                // Toggle the EasyPrivacy status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY));
 
 
-                    // Apply any custom domain settings if the URL was loaded by navigating history.
-                    if (navigatingHistory) {
-                        applyDomainSettings(url, true, false);
-                    }
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY));
 
 
-                    // Set `urlIsLoading` to `true`, so that redirects while loading do not trigger changes in the user agent, which forces another reload of the existing page.
-                    urlIsLoading = true;
-                }
-            }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-            // It is necessary to update `formattedUrlString` and `urlTextBox` after the page finishes loading because the final URL can change during load.
-            @Override
-            public void onPageFinished(WebView view, String url) {
-                // Flush any cookies to persistent storage.  `CookieManager` has become very lazy about flushing cookies in recent versions.
-                if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    cookieManager.flush();
-                }
+            case R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list:
+                // Toggle Fanboy's Annoyance List status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
 
 
-                // Reset `urlIsLoading`, which is used to prevent reloads on redirect if the user agent changes.
-                urlIsLoading = false;
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
 
 
-                // Clear the cache and history if Incognito Mode is enabled.
-                if (incognitoModeEnabled) {
-                    // Clear the cache.  `true` includes disk files.
-                    mainWebView.clearCache(true);
+                // Update the staus of Fanboy's Social Blocking List.
+                MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
+                fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
 
 
-                    // Clear the back/forward history.
-                    mainWebView.clearHistory();
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-                    // Manually delete cache folders.
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the main cache directory.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
+            case R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list:
+                // Toggle Fanboy's Social Blocking List status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
 
 
-                        // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
-                        // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not escape the string correctly otherwise.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
-                    } catch (IOException e) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
 
 
-                // Update `urlTextBox` and apply domain settings if not waiting on Orbot.
-                if (!waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Check to see if `WebView` has set `url` to be `about:blank`.
-                    if (url.equals("about:blank")) {  // `WebView` is blank, so `formattedUrlString` should be `""` and `urlTextBox` should display a hint.
-                        // Set `formattedUrlString` to `""`.
-                        formattedUrlString = "";
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-                        urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
+            case R.id.ultraprivacy:
+                // Toggle the UltraPrivacy status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
 
 
-                        // Request focus for `urlTextBox`.
-                        urlTextBox.requestFocus();
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
 
 
-                        // Display the keyboard.
-                        inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlTextBox, 0);
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-                        // Apply the domain settings.  This clears any settings from the previous domain.
-                        applyDomainSettings(formattedUrlString, true, false);
-                    } else {  // `WebView` has loaded a webpage.
-                        // Set `formattedUrlString`.
-                        formattedUrlString = url;
+            case R.id.block_all_third_party_requests:
+                //Toggle the third-party requests blocker status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
 
 
-                        // Only update `urlTextBox` if the user is not typing in it.
-                        if (!urlTextBox.hasFocus()) {
-                            // Display the formatted URL text.
-                            urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
 
 
-                            // Apply text highlighting to `urlTextBox`.
-                            highlightUrlText();
-                        }
-                    }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-                    // Store the SSL certificate so it can be accessed from `ViewSslCertificateDialog` and `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`.
-                    sslCertificate = mainWebView.getCertificate();
-
-                    // Check the current website SSL certificate against the pinned SSL certificate if there is a pinned SSL certificate the user has not chosen to ignore it for this session.
-                    if (pinnedDomainSslCertificate && !ignorePinnedSslCertificate) {
-                        // Initialize the current SSL certificate variables.
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = "";
-                        Date currentWebsiteSslStartDate = null;
-                        Date currentWebsiteSslEndDate = null;
-
-
-                        // Extract the individual pieces of information from the current website SSL certificate if it is not null.
-                        if (sslCertificate != null) {
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
-                            currentWebsiteSslStartDate = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate();
-                            currentWebsiteSslEndDate = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate();
-                        }
+            case R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0]);
 
 
-                        // Initialize `String` variables to store the SSL certificate dates.  `Strings` are needed to compare the values below, which doesn't work with `Dates` if they are `null`.
-                        String currentWebsiteSslStartDateString = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteSslEndDateString = "";
-                        String pinnedDomainSslStartDateString = "";
-                        String pinnedDomainSslEndDateString = "";
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-                        // Convert the `Dates` to `Strings` if they are not `null`.
-                        if (currentWebsiteSslStartDate != null) {
-                            currentWebsiteSslStartDateString = currentWebsiteSslStartDate.toString();
-                        }
+            case R.id.user_agent_webview_default:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
 
 
-                        if (currentWebsiteSslEndDate != null) {
-                            currentWebsiteSslEndDateString = currentWebsiteSslEndDate.toString();
-                        }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-                        if (pinnedDomainSslStartDate != null) {
-                            pinnedDomainSslStartDateString = pinnedDomainSslStartDate.toString();
-                        }
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2]);
 
 
-                        if (pinnedDomainSslEndDate != null) {
-                            pinnedDomainSslEndDateString = pinnedDomainSslEndDate.toString();
-                        }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-                        // Check to see if the pinned SSL certificate matches the current website certificate.
-                        if (!currentWebsiteIssuedToCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString) || !currentWebsiteIssuedToOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString) ||
-                                !currentWebsiteIssuedToUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString) || !currentWebsiteIssuedByCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString) ||
-                                !currentWebsiteIssuedByOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString) || !currentWebsiteIssuedByUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString) ||
-                                !currentWebsiteSslStartDateString.equals(pinnedDomainSslStartDateString) || !currentWebsiteSslEndDateString.equals(pinnedDomainSslEndDateString)) {
-                            // The pinned SSL certificate doesn't match the current domain certificate.
-                            //Display the pinned SSL certificate mismatch `AlertDialog`.
-                            AppCompatDialogFragment pinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialogFragment = new PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog();
-                            pinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ssl_certificate_mismatch));
-                        }
-                    }
-                }
-            }
+            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3]);
 
 
-            // Handle SSL Certificate errors.
-            @Override
-            public void onReceivedSslError(WebView view, SslErrorHandler handler, SslError error) {
-                // Get the current website SSL certificate.
-                SslCertificate currentWebsiteSslCertificate = error.getCertificate();
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-                // Extract the individual pieces of information from the current website SSL certificate.
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
-                Date currentWebsiteSslStartDate = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate();
-                Date currentWebsiteSslEndDate = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate();
+            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4]);
 
 
-                // Proceed to the website if the current SSL website certificate matches the pinned domain certificate.
-                if (pinnedDomainSslCertificate &&
-                        currentWebsiteIssuedToCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString) && currentWebsiteIssuedToOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString) &&
-                        currentWebsiteIssuedToUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString) && currentWebsiteIssuedByCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString) &&
-                        currentWebsiteIssuedByOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString) && currentWebsiteIssuedByUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString) &&
-                        currentWebsiteSslStartDate.equals(pinnedDomainSslStartDate) && currentWebsiteSslEndDate.equals(pinnedDomainSslEndDate)) {
-                    // An SSL certificate is pinned and matches the current domain certificate.
-                    // Proceed to the website without displaying an error.
-                    handler.proceed();
-                } else {  // Either there isn't a pinned SSL certificate or it doesn't match the current website certificate.
-                    // Store `handler` so it can be accesses from `onSslErrorCancel()` and `onSslErrorProceed()`.
-                    sslErrorHandler = handler;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-                    // Display the SSL error `AlertDialog`.
-                    AppCompatDialogFragment sslCertificateErrorDialogFragment = SslCertificateErrorDialog.displayDialog(error);
-                    sslCertificateErrorDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ssl_certificate_error));
-                }
-            }
-        });
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5]);
 
 
-        // Load the website if not waiting for Orbot to connect.
-        if (!waitingForOrbot) {
-            loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
-        }
-    }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-    @Override
-    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
-        // Sets the new intent as the activity intent, so that any future `getIntent()`s pick up this one instead of creating a new activity.
-        setIntent(intent);
+            case R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6]);
 
 
-        // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
-        if (intent.getData() != null) {
-            // Get the intent data.
-            final Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-            // Load the website.
-            loadUrl(intentUriData.toString());
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7]);
 
 
-            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-            }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
+            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8]);
 
 
-            // Clear the keyboard if displayed and remove the focus on the urlTextBar if it has it.
-            mainWebView.requestFocus();
-        }
-    }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-    @Override
-    public void onRestart() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onRestart();
+            case R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9]);
 
 
-        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
-        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
-            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
-            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
-            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
+            case R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10]);
 
 
-            // Make it so.
-            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
-        }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity..
-        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Apply the app settings.
-            applyAppSettings();
+            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11]);
 
 
-            // Reload the webpage if displaying of images has been disabled in the Settings activity.
-            if (reloadOnRestart) {
-                // Reload `mainWebView`.
-                mainWebView.reload();
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-                // Reset `reloadOnRestartBoolean`.
-                reloadOnRestart = false;
-            }
+            case R.id.user_agent_custom:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
 
 
-            // Reset the return from settings flag.
-            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
-        }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the Domains activity.
-        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Reapply the domain settings.
-            applyDomainSettings(formattedUrlString, false, true);
+            case R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(25);
+                return true;
 
 
-            // Reset `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart`.
-            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
-        }
+            case R.id.font_size_fifty_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(50);
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Load the URL on restart to apply changes to night mode.
-        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
-            // Load the current `formattedUrlString`.
-            loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+            case R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(75);
+                return true;
 
 
-            // Reset `loadUrlOnRestart.
-            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
-        }
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(100);
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
-        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(125);
+                return true;
 
 
-            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
-            loadBookmarksFolder();
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(150);
+                return true;
 
 
-            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
-            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
-        }
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(175);
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
-    }
+            case R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(200);
+                return true;
 
 
-    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
-    @Override
-    public void onResume() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onResume();
+            case R.id.swipe_to_refresh:
+                // Toggle the stored status of swipe to refresh.
+                currentWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(!currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+
+                // Get a handle for the swipe refresh layout.
+                SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+
+                // Update the swipe refresh layout.
+                if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
+                    // Only enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
+                } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
+                    // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
+                }
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Resume JavaScript (if enabled).
-        mainWebView.resumeTimers();
+            case R.id.wide_viewport:
+                // Toggle the viewport.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(!currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Resume `mainWebView`.
-        mainWebView.onResume();
+            case R.id.display_images:
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically()) {  // Images are currently loaded automatically.
+                    // Disable loading of images.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
 
 
-        // Resume the adView for the free flavor.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-            // The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-            AdHelper.resumeAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-        }
-    }
+                    // Reload the website to remove existing images.
+                    currentWebView.reload();
+                } else {  // Images are not currently loaded automatically.
+                    // Enable loading of images.  Missing images will be loaded without the need for a reload.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
+                }
+                return true;
 
 
-    @Override
-    public void onPause() {
-        // Pause `mainWebView`.
-        mainWebView.onPause();
+            case R.id.night_mode:
+                // Toggle night mode.
+                currentWebView.setNightMode(!currentWebView.getNightMode());
+
+                // Enable or disable JavaScript according to night mode, the global preference, and any domain settings.
+                if (currentWebView.getNightMode()) {  // Night mode is enabled, which requires JavaScript.
+                    // Enable JavaScript.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
+                } else if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are applied.  Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
+                    // Apply the JavaScript preference that was stored the last time domain settings were loaded.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(currentWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
+                } else {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are not applied.  Set JavaScript according to the global preference.
+                    // Apply the JavaScript preference.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false));
+                }
 
 
-        // Stop all JavaScript.
-        mainWebView.pauseTimers();
+                // Update the privacy icons.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(false);
 
 
-        // Pause the adView or it will continue to consume resources in the background on the free flavor.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-            // The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-            AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-        }
+                // Reload the website.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
 
-        super.onPause();
-    }
+            case R.id.find_on_page:
+                // Get a handle for the views.
+                Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+                LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+                EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
 
-    @Override
-    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
-        // Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
-        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.webview_options_menu, menu);
+                // Set the minimum height of the find on page linear layout to match the toolbar.
+                findOnPageLinearLayout.setMinimumHeight(toolbar.getHeight());
 
 
-        // Set mainMenu so it can be used by `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons`.
-        mainMenu = menu;
+                // Hide the toolbar.
+                toolbar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
 
-        // Set the initial status of the privacy icons.  `false` does not call `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(false);
+                // Show the find on page linear layout.
+                findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
 
-        // Get handles for the menu items.
-        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
-        MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
+                // Display the keyboard.  The app must wait 200 ms before running the command to work around a bug in Android.
+                // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5520085/android-show-softkeyboard-with-showsoftinput-is-not-working
+                findOnPageEditText.postDelayed(() -> {
+                    // Set the focus on `findOnPageEditText`.
+                    findOnPageEditText.requestFocus();
 
 
-        // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
-        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21);
+                    // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+                    InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
 
-        // Only display the form data menu items if the API < 26.
-        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
-        clearFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
+                    // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+                    assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
 
-        // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
-        adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
+                    // Display the keyboard.  `0` sets no input flags.
+                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(findOnPageEditText, 0);
+                }, 200);
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Get the shared preference values.  `this` references the current context.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+            case R.id.print:
+                // Get a print manager instance.
+                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
 
 
-        // Set the status of the additional app bar icons.  Setting the refresh menu item to `SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS` makes it appear even on small devices like phones.
-        if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false)) {
-            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
-            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
-            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS);
-        } else { //Do not display the additional icons.
-            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
-            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
-            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
-        }
+                // Remove the lint error below that print manager might be null.
+                assert printManager != null;
 
 
-        return true;
-    }
+                // Create a print document adapter from the current WebView.
+                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
 
 
-    @Override
-    public boolean onPrepareOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
-        // Get handles for the menu items.
-        MenuItem addOrEditDomain = menu.findItem(R.id.add_or_edit_domain);
-        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem clearDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_data);
-        MenuItem clearCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_cookies);
-        MenuItem clearDOMStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
-        MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
-        MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
-        MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
-        MenuItem blockAllThirdParyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
-        MenuItem fontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size);
-        MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
-        MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
+                // Print the document.
+                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Set the text for the domain menu item.
-        if (domainSettingsApplied) {
-            addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.edit_domain_settings);
-        } else {
-            addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.add_domain_settings);
-        }
+            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
+                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getUrl(),
+                        currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
 
-        // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
-        toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
-        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
-        toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setChecked(domStorageEnabled);
-        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setChecked(saveFormDataEnabled);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        easyListMenuItem.setChecked(easyListEnabled);
-        easyPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(easyPrivacyEnabled);
-        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setChecked(fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setChecked(fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled);
-        blockAllThirdParyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(blockAllThirdPartyRequests);
-        swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(swipeRefreshLayout.isEnabled());
-        displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(mainWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
-
-        // Enable third-party cookies if first-party cookies are enabled.
-        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
-
-        // Enable DOM Storage if JavaScript is enabled.
-        toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
+                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Enable Clear Cookies if there are any.
-        clearCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.hasCookies());
+            case R.id.view_source:
+                // Create an intent to launch the view source activity.
+                Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
 
 
-        // Get a count of the number of files in the Local Storage directory.
-        File localStorageDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/");
-        int localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
-        if (localStorageDirectory.exists()) {
-            localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = localStorageDirectory.list().length;
-        }
+                // Add the variables to the intent.
+                viewSourceIntent.putExtra("user_agent", currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString());
+                viewSourceIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
 
 
-        // Get a count of the number of files in the IndexedDB directory.
-        File indexedDBDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-        int indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
-        if (indexedDBDirectory.exists()) {
-            indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = indexedDBDirectory.list().length;
-        }
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(viewSourceIntent);
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Enable Clear DOM Storage if there is any.
-        clearDOMStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0 || indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0);
+            case R.id.share_url:
+                // Setup the share string.
+                String shareString = currentWebView.getTitle() + " – " + currentWebView.getUrl();
 
 
-        // Enable Clear Form Data is there is any.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
-            WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
-            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebViewDatabase.hasFormData());
-        }
+                // Create the share intent.
+                Intent shareIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
+                shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, shareString);
+                shareIntent.setType("text/plain");
 
 
-        // Enable Clear Data if any of the submenu items are enabled.
-        clearDataMenuItem.setEnabled(clearCookiesMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearDOMStorageMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearFormDataMenuItem.isEnabled());
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, getString(R.string.share_url)));
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Disable Fanboy's Social Blocking List if Fanboy's Annoyance List is checked.
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+            case R.id.open_with_app:
+                openWithApp(currentWebView.getUrl());
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Initialize font size variables.
-        int fontSize = mainWebView.getSettings().getTextZoom();
-        String fontSizeTitle;
-        MenuItem selectedFontSizeMenuItem;
+            case R.id.open_with_browser:
+                openWithBrowser(currentWebView.getUrl());
+                return true;
 
 
-        // Prepare the font size title and current size menu item.
-        switch (fontSize) {
-            case 25:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.twenty_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent);
-                break;
+            case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
+                // Toggle the proxy through Orbot variable.
+                proxyThroughOrbot = !proxyThroughOrbot;
 
 
-            case 50:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.fifty_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_fifty_percent);
-                break;
+                // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+                applyProxyThroughOrbot(true);
+                return true;
 
 
-            case 75:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.seventy_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent);
-                break;
+            case R.id.refresh:
+                if (menuItem.getTitle().equals(getString(R.string.refresh))) {  // The refresh button was pushed.
+                    // Reload the current WebView.
+                    currentWebView.reload();
+                } else {  // The stop button was pushed.
+                    // Stop the loading of the WebView.
+                    currentWebView.stopLoading();
+                }
+                return true;
 
 
-            case 100:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
-                break;
+            case R.id.ad_consent:
+                // Display the ad consent dialog.
+                DialogFragment adConsentDialogFragment = new AdConsentDialog();
+                adConsentDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ad_consent));
+                return true;
 
 
-            case 125:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
-                break;
+            default:
+                // Don't consume the event.
+                return super.onOptionsItemSelected(menuItem);
+        }
+    }
 
 
-            case 150:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_fifty_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent);
-                break;
+    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
+    @Override
+    public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
+        // Get the menu item ID.
+        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
 
 
-            case 175:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
-                break;
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
 
-            case 200:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.two_hundred_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent);
+        // Run the commands that correspond to the selected menu item.
+        switch (menuItemId) {
+            case R.id.clear_and_exit:
+                // Clear and exit Privacy Browser.
+                clearAndExit();
                 break;
 
                 break;
 
-            default:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
+            case R.id.home:
+                // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                    // Load the Tor homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                } else {
+                    // Load the normal homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                }
                 break;
                 break;
-        }
 
 
-        // Set the font size title and select the current size menu item.
-        fontSizeMenuItem.setTitle(fontSizeTitle);
-        selectedFontSizeMenuItem.setChecked(true);
+            case R.id.back:
+                if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
 
-        // Run all the other default commands.
-        super.onPrepareOptionsMenu(menu);
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
 
-        // Display the menu.
-        return true;
-    }
+                    // Load the previous website in the history.
+                    currentWebView.goBack();
+                }
+                break;
 
 
-    @Override
-    // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.
-    @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
-    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem menuItem) {
-        // Get the selected menu item ID.
-        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
+            case R.id.forward:
+                if (currentWebView.canGoForward()) {
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
 
-        // Set the commands that relate to the menu entries.
-        switch (menuItemId) {
-            case R.id.toggle_javascript:
-                // Switch the status of javaScriptEnabled.
-                javaScriptEnabled = !javaScriptEnabled;
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
 
-                // Apply the new JavaScript status.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
+                    // Load the next website in the history.
+                    currentWebView.goForward();
+                }
+                break;
 
 
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+            case R.id.history:
+                // Instantiate the URL history dialog.
+                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (javaScriptEnabled) {  // JavaScrip is enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.javascript_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // JavaScript is disabled, but first-party cookies are enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.javascript_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {  // Privacy mode.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
+                // Show the URL history dialog.
+                urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
+                break;
 
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            case R.id.requests:
+                // Populate the resource requests.
+                RequestsActivity.resourceRequests = currentWebView.getResourceRequests();
 
 
-            case R.id.add_or_edit_domain:
-                if (domainSettingsApplied) {  // Edit the current domain settings.
-                    // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
-                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                    currentDomainName = "";
+                // Create an intent to launch the Requests activity.
+                Intent requestsIntent = new Intent(this, RequestsActivity.class);
 
 
-                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
-                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
+                // Add the block third-party requests status to the intent.
+                requestsIntent.putExtra("block_all_third_party_requests", currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
 
 
-                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the current domain and close on back instead of returning to the domains list.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("loadDomain", domainSettingsDatabaseId);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("closeOnBack", true);
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(requestsIntent);
+                break;
 
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
-                } else {  // Add a new domain.
-                    // Apply the new domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
-                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                    currentDomainName = "";
+            case R.id.downloads:
+                // Launch the system Download Manager.
+                Intent downloadManagerIntent = new Intent(DownloadManager.ACTION_VIEW_DOWNLOADS);
 
 
-                    // Get the current domain
-                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
-                    String currentDomain = currentUri.getHost();
+                // Launch as a new task so that Download Manager and Privacy Browser show as separate windows in the recent tasks list.
+                downloadManagerIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
 
 
-                    // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
-                    DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
+                startActivity(downloadManagerIntent);
+                break;
 
 
-                    // Create the domain and store the database ID.
-                    int newDomainDatabaseId = domainsDatabaseHelper.addDomain(currentDomain);
+            case R.id.domains:
+                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
+                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
 
-                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
-                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
+                // Launch the domains activity.
+                Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
 
-                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the new domain and close on back instead of returning to the domains list.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("loadDomain", newDomainDatabaseId);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("closeOnBack", true);
+                // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                // Get the current certificate.
+                SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                    // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                    String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                    String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                    String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                    String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                    String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                    String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                    long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                    long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                    // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                }
 
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                    // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
                 }
                 }
-                return true;
 
 
-            case R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies:
-                // Switch the status of firstPartyCookiesEnabled.
-                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = !firstPartyCookiesEnabled;
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                break;
 
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
+            case R.id.settings:
+                // Set the flag to reapply app settings on restart when returning from Settings.
+                reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
 
-                // Apply the new cookie status.
-                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
+                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
 
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+                // Launch the settings activity.
+                Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
+                startActivity(settingsIntent);
+                break;
 
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.first_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else if (javaScriptEnabled) {  // JavaScript is still enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.first_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {  // Privacy mode.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
+            case R.id.import_export:
+                // Launch the import/export activity.
+                Intent importExportIntent = new Intent (this, ImportExportActivity.class);
+                startActivity(importExportIntent);
+                break;
 
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            case R.id.logcat:
+                // Launch the logcat activity.
+                Intent logcatIntent = new Intent(this, LogcatActivity.class);
+                startActivity(logcatIntent);
+                break;
 
 
-            case R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies:
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    // Switch the status of thirdPartyCookiesEnabled.
-                    thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = !thirdPartyCookiesEnabled;
+            case R.id.guide:
+                // Launch `GuideActivity`.
+                Intent guideIntent = new Intent(this, GuideActivity.class);
+                startActivity(guideIntent);
+                break;
 
 
-                    // Update the menu checkbox.
-                    menuItem.setChecked(thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
+            case R.id.about:
+                // Create an intent to launch the about activity.
+                Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
 
 
-                    // Apply the new cookie status.
-                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(mainWebView, thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                // Create a string array for the blocklist versions.
+                String[] blocklistVersions = new String[] {easyList.get(0).get(0)[0], easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0],
+                        ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0]};
 
 
-                    // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                    if (thirdPartyCookiesEnabled) {
-                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.third_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                    } else {
-                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.third_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                    }
+                // Add the blocklist versions to the intent.
+                aboutIntent.putExtra("blocklist_versions", blocklistVersions);
 
 
-                    // Reload the WebView.
-                    mainWebView.reload();
-                } // Else do nothing because SDK < 21.
-                return true;
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(aboutIntent);
+                break;
+        }
 
 
-            case R.id.toggle_dom_storage:
-                // Switch the status of domStorageEnabled.
-                domStorageEnabled = !domStorageEnabled;
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(domStorageEnabled);
+        // Close the navigation drawer.
+        drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        return true;
+    }
 
 
-                // Apply the new DOM Storage status.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(domStorageEnabled);
+    @Override
+    public void onPostCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onPostCreate(savedInstanceState);
 
 
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+        // Sync the state of the DrawerToggle after the default `onRestoreInstanceState()` has finished.  This creates the navigation drawer icon.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle.syncState();
+    }
 
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (domStorageEnabled) {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.dom_storage_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.dom_storage_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
+    @Override
+    public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
 
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
 
 
-            // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-            case R.id.toggle_save_form_data:
-                // Switch the status of saveFormDataEnabled.
-                saveFormDataEnabled = !saveFormDataEnabled;
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
 
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(saveFormDataEnabled);
+        // Recalculate the drawer header padding.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
 
 
-                // Apply the new form data status.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormDataEnabled);
+        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if not in full screen mode.
+        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free") && !inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
+            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+        }
 
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (saveFormDataEnabled) {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.form_data_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.form_data_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
+        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` should recalculate the number of action buttons from the menu to display on the app bar, but it doesn't because of the this bug:
+        // https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=20493#c8
+        // ActivityCompat.invalidateOptionsMenu(this);
+    }
 
 
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View view, ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
+        // Store the hit test result.
+        final WebView.HitTestResult hitTestResult = currentWebView.getHitTestResult();
 
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+        // Create the URL strings.
+        final String imageUrl;
+        final String linkUrl;
 
 
-            case R.id.clear_cookies:
-                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.cookies_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
-                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
-                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
-                        })
-                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
-                            @Override
-                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the `Undo` button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The `Snackbar` was dismissed without the `Undo` button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // `cookieManager.removeAllCookie()` varies by SDK.
-                                        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21) {
-                                            cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
-                                        } else {
-                                            // `null` indicates no callback.
-                                            cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
-                                        }
-                                }
-                            }
-                        })
-                        .show();
-                return true;
+        // Get handles for the system managers.
+        final ClipboardManager clipboardManager = (ClipboardManager) getSystemService(CLIPBOARD_SERVICE);
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
 
-            case R.id.clear_dom_storage:
-                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.dom_storage_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
-                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
-                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
-                        })
-                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
-                            @Override
-                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the `Undo` button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The `Snackbar` was dismissed without the `Undo` button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // Delete the DOM Storage.
-                                        WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
-                                        webStorage.deleteAllData();
-
-                                        // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
-                                        try {
-                                            // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                                            privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
+        // Remove the lint errors below that the clipboard manager might be null.
+        assert clipboardManager != null;
 
 
-                                            // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                                            privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                                            privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                                            privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                                            privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-                                        } catch (IOException e) {
-                                            // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                                        }
-                                }
-                            }
-                        })
-                        .show();
-                return true;
+        // Process the link according to the type.
+        switch (hitTestResult.getType()) {
+            // `SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE` is a link.
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE:
+                // Get the target URL.
+                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
 
-            // Form data can be remove once the minimum API >= 26.
-            case R.id.clear_form_data:
-                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.form_data_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
-                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
-                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
-                        })
-                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
-                            @Override
-                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the `Undo` button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The `Snackbar` was dismissed without the `Undo` button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // Delete the form data.
-                                        WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(getApplicationContext());
-                                        mainWebViewDatabase.clearFormData();
-                                }
-                            }
-                        })
-                        .show();
-                return true;
+                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
 
-            case R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(25);
-                return true;
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the link URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
 
-            case R.id.font_size_fifty_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(50);
-                return true;
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
 
-            case R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(75);
-                return true;
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(100);
-                return true;
+                // Add a Copy URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Save the link URL in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), linkUrl);
 
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(125);
-                return true;
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcAnchorTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(150);
-                return true;
+                // Add a Download URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
+                            downloadUrl = linkUrl;
+                            downloadContentDisposition = "none";
+                            downloadContentLength = -1;
+
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
+
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
+                            DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
 
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(175);
-                return true;
+                            // Show the download file alert dialog.
+                            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
+                    return false;
+                });
 
 
-            case R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(200);
-                return true;
+                // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
 
 
-            case R.id.swipe_to_refresh:
-                // Toggle swipe to refresh.
-                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(!swipeRefreshLayout.isEnabled());
-                return true;
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.EMAIL_TYPE:
+                // Get the target URL.
+                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
 
-            case R.id.display_images:
-                if (mainWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically()) {  // Images are currently loaded automatically.
-                    mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
-                    mainWebView.reload();
-                } else {  // Images are not currently loaded automatically.
-                    mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
-                }
+                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
 
-                // Set `onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet`.
-                onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet = true;
-                return true;
+                // Add a Write Email entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
+                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
 
 
-            case R.id.view_source:
-                // Launch the View Source activity.
-                Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
-                startActivity(viewSourceIntent);
-                return true;
+                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
+                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse("mailto:" + linkUrl));
 
 
-            case R.id.easylist:
-                // Toggle the EasyList status.
-                easyListEnabled = !easyListEnabled;
+                    // `FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK` opens the email program in a new task instead as part of Privacy Browser.
+                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
 
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(easyListEnabled);
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(emailIntent);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // Add a Copy Email Address entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
 
 
-            case R.id.easyprivacy:
-                // Toggle the EasyPrivacy status.
-                easyPrivacyEnabled = !easyPrivacyEnabled;
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcEmailTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(easyPrivacyEnabled);
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
 
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image. `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.  Privacy Browser processes them the same.
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
+                // Get the image URL.
+                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
 
-            case R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list:
-                // Toggle Fanboy's Annoyance List status.
-                fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled = !fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled;
+                // Set the image URL as the title of the context menu.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
 
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the image URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
 
-                // Update the staus of Fanboy's Social Blocking List.
-                MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
-                fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+                // Add a View Image entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
+
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
+
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
+                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
 
 
-            case R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list:
-                // Toggle Fanboy's Social Blocking List status.
-                fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled = !fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled;
+                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
+                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
+                    return false;
+                });
 
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled);
+                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcImageAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
 
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageAnchorTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
 
-            case R.id.block_all_third_party_requests:
-                //Toggle the third-party requests blocker status.
-                blockAllThirdPartyRequests = !blockAllThirdPartyRequests;
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(blockAllThirdPartyRequests);
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
 
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
+        }
+    }
 
 
-            case R.id.share:
-                // Setup the share string.
-                String shareString = webViewTitle + " – " + urlTextBox.getText().toString();
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
 
 
-                // Create the share intent.
-                Intent shareIntent = new Intent();
-                shareIntent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
-                shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, shareString);
-                shareIntent.setType("text/plain");
+        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
 
 
-                // Make it so.
-                startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, "Share URL"));
-                return true;
+        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
+        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
 
 
-            case R.id.find_on_page:
-                // Hide the URL app bar.
-                supportAppBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
 
-                // Show the Find on Page `RelativeLayout`.
-                findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
 
-                // Display the keyboard.  We have to wait 200 ms before running the command to work around a bug in Android.
-                // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5520085/android-show-softkeyboard-with-showsoftinput-is-not-working
-                findOnPageEditText.postDelayed(() -> {
-                    // Set the focus on `findOnPageEditText`.
-                    findOnPageEditText.requestFocus();
+        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
 
-                    // Display the keyboard.  `0` sets no input flags.
-                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(findOnPageEditText, 0);
-                }, 200);
-                return true;
+        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
+        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
 
 
-            case R.id.print:
-                // Get a `PrintManager` instance.
-                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
+        // Create the bookmark.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
 
 
-                // Convert `mainWebView` to `printDocumentAdapter`.
-                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = mainWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
 
-                // Remove the lint error below that `printManager` might be `null`.
-                assert printManager != null;
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
 
 
-                // Print the document.  The print attributes are `null`.
-                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
-                return true;
+        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
+    }
 
 
-            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
-                // Show the `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog` `AlertDialog` and name this instance `R.string.create_shortcut`.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = new CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog();
-                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
 
 
-                //Everything else will be handled by `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog` and the associated listener below.
-                return true;
+        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
 
 
-            case R.id.refresh:
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+        // Get new folder name string.
+        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
 
-            case R.id.ad_consent:
-                // Display the ad consent dialog.
-                DialogFragment adConsentDialogFragment = new AdConsentDialog();
-                adConsentDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ad_consent));
-                return true;
+        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
+        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
 
 
-            default:
-                // Don't consume the event.
-                return super.onOptionsItemSelected(menuItem);
-        }
-    }
+        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
+        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
+            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
 
-    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-    @Override
-    public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
-        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
+            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
 
-        switch (menuItemId) {
-            case R.id.home:
-                loadUrl(homepage);
-                break;
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
+            // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+        }
 
 
-            case R.id.back:
-                if (mainWebView.canGoBack()) {
-                    // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    navigatingHistory = true;
+        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
 
-                    // Load the previous website in the history.
-                    mainWebView.goBack();
-                }
-                break;
+        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
 
-            case R.id.forward:
-                if (mainWebView.canGoForward()) {
-                    // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    navigatingHistory = true;
+        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
 
-                    // Load the next website in the history.
-                    mainWebView.goForward();
-                }
-                break;
+        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
+        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
+            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
+        }
 
 
-            case R.id.history:
-                // Get the `WebBackForwardList`.
-                WebBackForwardList webBackForwardList = mainWebView.copyBackForwardList();
+        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
 
 
-                // Show the `UrlHistoryDialog` `AlertDialog` and name this instance `R.string.history`.  `this` is the `Context`.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(this, webBackForwardList);
-                urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
-                break;
-
-            case R.id.requests:
-                // Launch the requests activity.
-                Intent requestsIntent = new Intent(this, RequestsActivity.class);
-                startActivity(requestsIntent);
-                break;
-
-            case R.id.downloads:
-                // Launch the system Download Manager.
-                Intent downloadManagerIntent = new Intent(DownloadManager.ACTION_VIEW_DOWNLOADS);
-
-                // Launch as a new task so that Download Manager and Privacy Browser show as separate windows in the recent tasks list.
-                downloadManagerIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
-
-                startActivity(downloadManagerIntent);
-                break;
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
 
-            case R.id.domains:
-                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
-                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                currentDomainName = "";
-
-                // Launch the domains activity.
-                Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
-                startActivity(domainsIntent);
-                break;
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
 
 
-            case R.id.settings:
-                // Set the flag to reapply app settings on restart when returning from Settings.
-                reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = true;
+        // Scroll to the new folder.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
+    }
 
 
-                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
-                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                currentDomainName = "";
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
 
 
-                // Launch the settings activity.
-                Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
-                startActivity(settingsIntent);
-                break;
+        // Store the bookmark strings.
+        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
 
 
-            case R.id.guide:
-                // Launch `GuideActivity`.
-                Intent guideIntent = new Intent(this, GuideActivity.class);
-                startActivity(guideIntent);
-                break;
+        // Update the bookmark.
+        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
+        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
 
-            case R.id.about:
-                // Launch `AboutActivity`.
-                Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
-                startActivity(aboutIntent);
-                break;
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
 
-            case R.id.clearAndExit:
-                // Get a handle for `sharedPreferences`.  `this` references the current context.
-                SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
 
-                boolean clearEverything = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_everything", true);
+            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
+        }
 
 
-                // Clear cookies.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cookies", true)) {
-                    // The command to remove cookies changed slightly in API 21.
-                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                        cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
-                    } else {
-                        cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
-                    }
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
 
-                    // Manually delete the cookies database, as `CookieManager` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // We have to use two commands because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies");
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies-journal");
-                    } catch (IOException e) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
 
 
-                // Clear DOM storage.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_dom_storage", true)) {
-                    // Ask `WebStorage` to clear the DOM storage.
-                    WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
-                    webStorage.deleteAllData();
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
 
 
-                    // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories, as `WebStorage` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
-
-                        // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-                    } catch (IOException e) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+        // Get the new folder name.
+        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
 
-                // Clear form data if the API < 26.
-                if ((Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) && (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_form_data", true))) {
-                    WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
-                    webViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
+        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
+            // Update the name in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
+        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
+            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
 
 
-                    // Manually delete the form data database, as `WebViewDatabase` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // We have to use a `String[]` because the database contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not escape the string correctly otherwise.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data"});
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data-journal"});
-                    } catch (IOException e) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
 
-                // Clear the cache.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cache", true)) {
-                    // `true` includes disk files.
-                    mainWebView.clearCache(true);
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
 
-                    // Manually delete the cache directories.
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the main cache directory.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
 
 
-                        // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
-                        // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not escape the string correctly otherwise.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
-                    } catch (IOException e) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
 
-                // Clear SSL certificate preferences.
-                mainWebView.clearSslPreferences();
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
 
-                // Clear the back/forward history.
-                mainWebView.clearHistory();
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
 
-                // Clear `formattedUrlString`.
-                formattedUrlString = null;
+            // Update the folder icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
+            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
 
 
-                // Clear `customHeaders`.
-                customHeaders.clear();
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
 
 
-                // Detach all views from `mainWebViewRelativeLayout`.
-                mainWebViewRelativeLayout.removeAllViews();
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
 
 
-                // Destroy the internal state of `mainWebView`.
-                mainWebView.destroy();
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
 
-                // Manually delete the `app_webview` folder, which contains the cookies, DOM storage, form data, and `Service Worker` cache.
-                // See `https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=233826&thanks=233826&ts=1486670530`.
-                if (clearEverything) {
-                    try {
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview");
-                    } catch (IOException e) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
 
-                // Close Privacy Browser.  `finishAndRemoveTask` also removes Privacy Browser from the recent app list.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    finishAndRemoveTask();
-                } else {
-                    finish();
-                }
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
 
-                // Remove the terminated program from RAM.  The status code is `0`.
-                System.exit(0);
-                break;
+            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
         }
 
         }
 
-        // Close the navigation drawer.
-        drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-        return true;
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onPostCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
-        super.onPostCreate(savedInstanceState);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
 
-        // Sync the state of the DrawerToggle after onRestoreInstanceState has finished.
-        drawerToggle.syncState();
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
     }
 
     @Override
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {
-        super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
+    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
+        switch (downloadType) {
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
 
 
-        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if we are not in full screen mode.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free") && !inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
-            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_id));
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
         }
         }
-
-        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` should recalculate the number of action buttons from the menu to display on the app bar, but it doesn't because of the this bug:
-        // https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=20493#c8
-        // ActivityCompat.invalidateOptionsMenu(this);
     }
 
     @Override
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View view, ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
-        // Store the `HitTestResult`.
-        final WebView.HitTestResult hitTestResult = mainWebView.getHitTestResult();
+    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
+        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
 
 
-        // Create strings.
-        final String imageUrl;
-        final String linkUrl;
+        switch (requestCode) {
+            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
 
 
-        // Get a handle for the `ClipboardManager`.
-        final ClipboardManager clipboardManager = (ClipboardManager) getSystemService(CLIPBOARD_SERVICE);
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
 
 
-        // Remove the lint errors below that `clipboardManager` might be `null`.
-        assert clipboardManager != null;
+                // Reset the download variables.
+                downloadUrl = "";
+                downloadContentDisposition = "";
+                downloadContentLength = 0;
+                break;
 
 
-        switch (hitTestResult.getType()) {
-            // `SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE` is a link.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE:
-                // Get the target URL.
-                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
 
 
-                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
 
 
-                // Add a Load URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.load_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    loadUrl(linkUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+                // Reset the image URL variable.
+                downloadImageUrl = "";
+                break;
+        }
+    }
 
 
-                // Add a Copy URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Save the link URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), linkUrl);
+    @Override
+    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
+        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcAnchorTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Parse `imageUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
 
 
-                // Add a Download URL entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check to see if the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                    if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {
-                        // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
-
-                        // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
-                        downloadUrl = linkUrl;
-                        downloadContentDisposition = "none";
-                        downloadContentLength = -1;
-
-                        // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                        if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                            // Get a handle for the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
-                            DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
-
-                            // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
-                            downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
-                        } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                            // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                        }
-                    } else {  // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                        // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
-                        AppCompatDialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
 
-                        // Show the download file alert dialog.
-                        downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(imageUrl);
 
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
 
 
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.EMAIL_TYPE:
-                // Get the target URL.
-                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
+            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
 
-                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            }
 
 
-                // Add a `Write Email` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // We use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
-                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
 
 
-                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
-                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse("mailto:" + linkUrl));
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
 
 
-                    // `FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK` opens the email program in a new task instead as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
-
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(emailIntent);
-                    return false;
-                });
-
-                // Add a `Copy Email Address` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
-
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcEmailTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
-
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
-
-            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
-                // Get the image URL.
-                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
-
-                // Set the image URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
-
-                // Add a `View Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
-
-                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check to see if the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                    if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {
-                        // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
-
-                        // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                        downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
-
-                        // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                        if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                            // Get a handle for the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
-                            DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
-
-                            // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
-                            downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
-                        } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                            // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
-                            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                        }
-                    } else {  // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                        // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
-                        AppCompatDialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
-
-                        // Show the download image alert dialog.
-                        downloadImageDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
-
-                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcImageTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
-
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
-
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
-
-
-            // `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
-                // Get the image URL.
-                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
-
-                // Set the image URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
-
-                // Add a `View Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
-
-                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check to see if the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                    if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {
-                        // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
-
-                        // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                        downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
-
-                        // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                        if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                            // Get a handle for the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
-                            DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
-
-                            // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
-                            downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
-                        } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                            // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
-                            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                        }
-                    } else {  // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                        // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
-                        AppCompatDialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
-
-                        // Show the download image alert dialog.
-                        downloadImageDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
-
-                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcImageAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
-
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageAnchorTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
-
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
-        }
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onCreateBookmark(AppCompatDialogFragment dialogFragment) {
-        // Get the `EditTexts` from the `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
-        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
-
-        // Extract the strings from the `EditTexts`.
-        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
-        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
-
-        // Convert the favoriteIcon Bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
-        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
-        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
-
-        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
-        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
-
-        // Create the bookmark.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
-
-        // Update `bookmarksCursor` with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getAllBookmarksCursorByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
-
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
-
-        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
-        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(AppCompatDialogFragment dialogFragment) {
-        // Get handles for the views in `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
-        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
-        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
-
-        // Get new folder name string.
-        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
-
-        // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
-        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
-        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
-            // Get the default folder icon and convert it to a `Bitmap`.
-            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
-            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
-            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-        } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
-        }
-
-        // Convert `folderIconBitmap` to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
-        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
-        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
-
-        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
-        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
-            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
-        }
-
-        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
-
-        // Update `bookmarksCursor` with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getAllBookmarksCursorByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
-
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
-
-        // Scroll to the new folder.
-        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onCreateHomeScreenShortcut(AppCompatDialogFragment dialogFragment) {
-        // Get the shortcut name.
-        EditText shortcutNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.shortcut_name_edittext);
-        String shortcutNameString = shortcutNameEditText.getText().toString();
-
-        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to an `Icon`.  `IconCompat` is required until API >= 26.
-        IconCompat favoriteIcon = IconCompat.createWithBitmap(favoriteIconBitmap);
-
-        // Setup the shortcut intent.
-        Intent shortcutIntent = new Intent();
-        shortcutIntent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
-        shortcutIntent.setData(Uri.parse(formattedUrlString));
-
-        // Create a shortcut info builder.  The shortcut name becomes the shortcut ID.
-        ShortcutInfoCompat.Builder shortcutInfoBuilder = new ShortcutInfoCompat.Builder(this, shortcutNameString);
-
-        // Add the required fields to the shortcut info builder.
-        shortcutInfoBuilder.setIcon(favoriteIcon);
-        shortcutInfoBuilder.setIntent(shortcutIntent);
-        shortcutInfoBuilder.setShortLabel(shortcutNameString);
-
-        // Request the pin.  `ShortcutManagerCompat` can be switched to `ShortcutManager` once API >= 26.
-        ShortcutManagerCompat.requestPinShortcut(this, shortcutInfoBuilder.build(), null);
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
-        switch (downloadType) {
-            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
-                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
-                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                break;
-
-            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
-                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
-                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                break;
-        }
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String permissions[], @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
-        switch (requestCode) {
-            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
-                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
-
-                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
-                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download)), 500);
-                } else {
-                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
-                }
-
-                // Reset the download variables.
-                downloadUrl = "";
-                downloadContentDisposition = "";
-                downloadContentLength = 0;
-                break;
-
-            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
-                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
-
-                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
-                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download)), 500);
-                } else {
-                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
-                }
-
-                // Reset the image URL variable.
-                downloadImageUrl = "";
-                break;
-        }
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onDownloadImage(AppCompatDialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
-        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
-            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
-            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
-
-            // Parse `imageUrl`.
-            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
-
-            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
-            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
-            if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {
-                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
-                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(imageUrl);
-
-                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
-                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
-            }
-
-            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
-            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
-            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
-
-            // Specify the download location.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
-                // Download to the public download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
-            } else {  // External write permission denied.
-                // Download to the app's external download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
-            }
-
-            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
-            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
-
-            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
-            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
-
-            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
-            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
             // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
             assert downloadManager != null;
 
             // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
             assert downloadManager != null;
@@ -3009,12 +2383,12 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Initiate the download.
             downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
         } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
             // Initiate the download.
             downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
         } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-            Snackbar.make(mainWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
         }
     }
 
     @Override
         }
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onDownloadFile(AppCompatDialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
+    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
         // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
         if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
             // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
         // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
         if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
             // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
@@ -3023,9 +2397,12 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Parse `downloadUrl`.
             DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
 
             // Parse `downloadUrl`.
             DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
 
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+
             // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
             // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
             // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
             // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
-            if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
                 // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
                 String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(downloadUrl);
 
                 // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
                 String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(downloadUrl);
 
@@ -3061,965 +2438,3168 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Initiate the download.
             downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
         } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
             // Initiate the download.
             downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
         } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-            Snackbar.make(mainWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
         }
     }
 
         }
     }
 
+    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and and the WebView.
     @Override
     @Override
-    public void onSaveBookmark(AppCompatDialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId) {
-        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
-        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
-        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
-
-        // Store the bookmark strings.
-        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
-        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+    public void onBackPressed() {
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout and the tab layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
 
 
-        // Update the bookmark.
-        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
-        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
-            // Convert the favorite icon to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
-            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
-            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
+            // Close the navigation drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
+            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
+                // close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
+                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
 
-            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
-        }
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            }
+        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
+            // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+            currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
 
-        // Update `bookmarksCursor` with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getAllBookmarksCursorByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+            currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
 
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+            // Go back.
+            currentWebView.goBack();
+        } else if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There are at least two tabs.
+            // Close the current tab.
+            closeCurrentTab();
+        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
+            // Run the default commands.
+            super.onBackPressed();
+
+            // Manually kill Privacy Browser.  Otherwise, it is glitchy when restarted.
+            System.exit(0);
+        }
     }
 
     }
 
+    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
     @Override
     @Override
-    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(AppCompatDialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId) {
-        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
-        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
-        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
-        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
+    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
+        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            // Pass the file to the WebView.
+            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
+        }
+    }
 
 
-        // Get the new folder name.
-        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
+        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
 
 
-        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
-        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
-            // Update the name in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
-        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
-            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
-            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
-            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
-                // Get the default folder icon and convert it to a `Bitmap`.
-                Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
-                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
-                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
+        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
+
+        // Initialize the formatted URL string.
+        String url = "";
+
+        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
+        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {  // This is a Content URL.
+            // Load the entire content URL.
+            url = unformattedUrlString;
+        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://") ||
+                unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a standard URL.
+            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
+            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
             }
 
             }
 
-            // Convert the folder `Bitmap` to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
-            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
-            byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
+            URL unformattedUrl = null;
 
 
-            // Update the folder icon in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, folderIconByteArray);
-        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
-            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
-            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
-            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
-                // Get the default folder icon and convert it to a `Bitmap`.
-                Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
-                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
-                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-                folderIconBitmap = MainWebViewActivity.favoriteIconBitmap;
+            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
+            try {
+                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
+            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
+                e.printStackTrace();
             }
 
             }
 
-            // Convert the folder `Bitmap` to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
-            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
-            byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
+            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
+            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
+            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
+            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
+            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
 
 
-            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, folderIconByteArray);
+            // Build the URI.
+            Uri.Builder uri = new Uri.Builder();
+            uri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
+
+            // Decode the URI as a UTF-8 string in.
+            try {
+                url = URLDecoder.decode(uri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                // Do nothing.  The formatted URL string will remain blank.
+            }
+        } else if (!unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // This is not a URL, but rather a search string.
+            // Create an encoded URL String.
+            String encodedUrlString;
+
+            // Sanitize the search input.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
+            }
+
+            // Add the base search URL.
+            url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
         }
 
         }
 
-        // Update `bookmarksCursor` with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getAllBookmarksCursorByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
+        urlEditText.clearFocus();
 
 
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+        // Make it so.
+        loadUrl(url);
     }
 
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onHttpAuthenticationCancel() {
-        // Cancel the `HttpAuthHandler`.
-        httpAuthHandler.cancel();
+    private void loadUrl(String url) {
+        // Sanitize the URL.
+        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
+
+        // Apply the domain settings.
+        applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, url, true, false);
+
+        // Load the URL.
+        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
     }
 
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onHttpAuthenticationProceed(AppCompatDialogFragment dialogFragment) {
-        // Get handles for the `EditTexts`.
-        EditText usernameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.http_authentication_username);
-        EditText passwordEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.http_authentication_password);
+    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(false);
+    }
+
+    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(true);
+    }
+
+    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
+        // Get a handle for the views.
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+
+        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
+        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
+
+        // Clear the highlighted phrases if the WebView is not null.
+        if (currentWebView != null) {
+            currentWebView.clearMatches();
+        }
+
+        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+
+        // Show the toolbar.
+        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+
+        // Hide the keyboard.
+        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(toolbar.getWindowToken(), 0);
+    }
+
+    private void applyAppSettings() {
+        // Initialize the app if this is the first run.  This is done here instead of in `onCreate()` to shorten the time that an unthemed background is displayed on app startup.
+        if (webViewDefaultUserAgent == null) {
+            initializeApp();
+        }
+
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
+        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
+        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
+        sanitizeGoogleAnalytics = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("google_analytics", true);
+        sanitizeFacebookClickIds = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("facebook_click_ids", true);
+        sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("twitter_amp_redirects", true);
+        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
+        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
+        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
+        scrollAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true);
+
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
+        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+
+        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
+        assert actionBar != null;
+
+        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
+
+        // Set Do Not Track status.
+        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
+            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
+        } else {
+            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
+        }
+
+        // Get the current layout parameters.  Using coordinator layout parameters allows the `setBehavior()` command and using app bar layout parameters allows the `setScrollFlags()` command.
+        CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams swipeRefreshLayoutParams = (CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams) swipeRefreshLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams toolbarLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) toolbar.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams findOnPageLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) findOnPageLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams tabsLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) tabsLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+
+        // Add the scrolling behavior to the layout parameters.
+        if (scrollAppBar) {
+            // Enable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(new AppBarLayout.ScrollingViewBehavior());
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+        } else {
+            // Disable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(null);
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+
+            // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
+            appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
+        }
+
+        // Apply the modified layout parameters.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setLayoutParams(swipeRefreshLayoutParams);
+        toolbar.setLayoutParams(toolbarLayoutParams);
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(findOnPageLayoutParams);
+        tabsLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(tabsLayoutParams);
+
+        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+
+            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+
+                // Set the app bar scrolling.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(scrollAppBar);
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
+        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
+            if (hideAppBar) {
+                // Hide the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+
+                // Hide the action bar.
+                actionBar.hide();
+            } else {
+                // Show the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+                // Show the action bar.
+                actionBar.show();
+            }
+
+            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+            }
+
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
+            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+
+            // Show the tab linear layout.
+            tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+            // Show the action bar.
+            actionBar.show();
+
+            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
+                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+            }
+
+            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+
+            // Add the translucent status flag.
+            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+        }
+    }
+
+    private void initializeApp() {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Get the theme preference.
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+
+        // Get a handle for the input method.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+
+        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
+        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
+        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+
+        // Get handles for the URL views.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+
+        // Remove the formatting from the URL edit text when the user is editing the text.
+        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
+            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
+                // Remove the highlighting.
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
+            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
+                // Move to the beginning of the string.
+                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
+
+                // Reapply the highlighting.
+                highlightUrlText();
+            }
+        });
+
+        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
+        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
+            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
+                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
+                loadUrlFromTextBox();
+
+                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {
+                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
+                return false;
+            }
+        });
+
+        // Initialize the Orbot status and the waiting for Orbot trackers.
+        orbotStatus = "unknown";
+        waitingForOrbot = false;
+
+        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
+        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
+            @Override
+            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
+                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
+                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
+
+                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
+                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
+                    // Reset the waiting for Orbot status.
+                    waitingForOrbot = false;
+
+                    // Get the intent that started the app.
+                    Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
+
+                    // Get the information from the intent.
+                    String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
+                    Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
+
+                    // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+                    if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
+                        // Create an encoded URL string.
+                        String encodedUrlString;
+
+                        // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                        try {
+                            encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                            encodedUrlString = "";
+                        }
+
+                        // Load the completed search URL.
+                        loadUrl(searchURL + encodedUrlString);
+                    } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
+                        // Load the URL from the intent.
+                        loadUrl(launchingIntentUriData.toString());
+                    } else {  // The is no URL in the intent.
+                        // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                            // Load the Tor homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                        } else {
+                            // Load the normal homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
+            }
+        };
+
+        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
+        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
+
+        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+
+        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
+        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
+
+        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
+        Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
+        MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(2);
+        MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
+        MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
+        MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
+
+        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
+        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+
+            @Override
+            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
+                // Close the find on page bar if it is open.
+                closeFindOnPage(null);
+
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(position);
+
+                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager or by creating a new tab.
+                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
+                    // Create a handler to select the tab.
+                    Handler selectTabHandler = new Handler();
+
+                    // Create a runnable to select the tab.
+                    Runnable selectTabRunnable = () -> {
+                        // Get a handle for the tab.
+                        TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
+
+                        // Assert that the tab is not null.
+                        assert tab != null;
+
+                        // Select the tab.
+                        tab.select();
+                    };
+
+                    // Select the tab layout after 150 milliseconds, which leaves enough time for a new tab to be inflated.
+                    selectTabHandler.postDelayed(selectTabRunnable, 150);
+                }
+            }
+
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+        });
+
+        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
+        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Select the same page in the view pager.
+                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
+            }
+
+            @Override
+            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+
+            @Override
+            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = ViewSslCertificateDialog.displayDialog(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
+
+                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
+            }
+        });
+
+        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
+        // The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21 and and `getResources().getColor()` must be used until the minimum API >= 23.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
+        } else {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
+        }
+
+        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
+        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
+            Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon();
+
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
+            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
+
+            // Add the extra information to the intent.
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_title", currentWebView.getTitle());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("favorite_icon_byte_array", favoriteIconByteArray);
+
+            // Make it so.
+            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
+        });
+
+        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Create a create bookmark folder dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.createBookmarkFolder(currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+
+            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog.
+            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_folder));
+        });
+
+        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
+            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+
+            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
+            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
+        });
+
+        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
+        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
+            @Override
+            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+
+            @Override
+            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+
+            @Override
+            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
+                // Search for the text in the WebView if it is not null.  Sometimes on resume after a period of non-use the WebView will be null.
+                if (currentWebView != null) {
+                    currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
+                }
+            }
+        });
+
+        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
+        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
+                // Hide the soft keyboard.
+                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+
+                // Consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
+                // Do not consume the event.
+                return false;
+            }
+        });
+
+        // Implement swipe to refresh.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
+
+        // Store the default progress view offsets for use later in `initializeWebView()`.
+        defaultProgressViewStartOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset();
+        defaultProgressViewEndOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset();
+
+        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
+        } else {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
+        }
+
+        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
+
+        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
+
+        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
+        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
+
+        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
+        loadBookmarksFolder();
+
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
+            int databaseID = (int) id;
+
+            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
+            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
+            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
+
+            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
+            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
+                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
+                // Load the bookmark URL.
+                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
+
+                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
+
+            // Close the `Cursor`.
+            bookmarkCursor.close();
+        });
+
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
+            int databaseId = (int) id;
+
+            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
+            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
+
+            if (isFolder) {
+       &nbs