Speed up the initial loading of Privacy Browser.
[PrivacyBrowser.git] / app / src / main / java / com / stoutner / privacybrowser / activities / MainWebViewActivity.java
index 2be2341..895f20a 100644 (file)
@@ -71,7 +71,6 @@ import android.webkit.CookieManager;
 import android.webkit.HttpAuthHandler;
 import android.webkit.SslErrorHandler;
 import android.webkit.ValueCallback;
-import android.webkit.WebBackForwardList;
 import android.webkit.WebChromeClient;
 import android.webkit.WebResourceResponse;
 import android.webkit.WebSettings;
@@ -96,6 +95,7 @@ import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBar;
 import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBarDrawerToggle;
 import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
 import androidx.appcompat.widget.Toolbar;
+import androidx.coordinatorlayout.widget.CoordinatorLayout;
 import androidx.core.app.ActivityCompat;
 import androidx.core.content.ContextCompat;
 import androidx.core.view.GravityCompat;
@@ -105,6 +105,7 @@ import androidx.fragment.app.FragmentManager;
 import androidx.swiperefreshlayout.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout;
 import androidx.viewpager.widget.ViewPager;
 
+import com.google.android.material.appbar.AppBarLayout;
 import com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton;
 import com.google.android.material.navigation.NavigationView;
 import com.google.android.material.snackbar.Snackbar;
@@ -114,6 +115,7 @@ import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.BuildConfig;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.R;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.adapters.WebViewPagerAdapter;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.GetHostIpAddresses;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.PopulateBlocklists;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.AdConsentDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkFolderDialog;
@@ -124,13 +126,12 @@ import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadLocationPermissionDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.HttpAuthenticationDialog;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.PinnedMismatchDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.SslCertificateErrorDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.UrlHistoryDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.ViewSslCertificateDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.fragments.WebViewTabFragment;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.AdHelper;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlockListHelper;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlocklistHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.CheckPinnedMismatchHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.DomainsDatabaseHelper;
@@ -154,25 +155,17 @@ import java.util.List;
 import java.util.Map;
 import java.util.Set;
 
-// TODO.  Store up reloads for tabs that are not visible.
-// TODO.  New tabs are white in dark mode.
-// TODO.  Hide the tabs in full screen mode.
-
 // AppCompatActivity from android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity must be used to have access to the SupportActionBar until the minimum API is >= 21.
 public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBookmarkDialog.CreateBookmarkListener, CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.CreateBookmarkFolderListener,
         DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener, DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DownloadLocationPermissionDialogListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener,
-        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, HttpAuthenticationDialog.HttpAuthenticationListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener,
-        PinnedMismatchDialog.PinnedMismatchListener, SslCertificateErrorDialog.SslCertificateErrorListener, UrlHistoryDialog.UrlHistoryListener {
+        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PopulateBlocklists.PopulateBlocklistsListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener {
 
     // `orbotStatus` is public static so it can be accessed from `OrbotProxyHelper`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     public static String orbotStatus;
 
-    // The WebView pager adapter is accessed from `PinnedMismatchDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `addTab()`.
+    // The WebView pager adapter is accessed from `HttpAuthenticationDialog`, `PinnedMismatchDialog`, and `SslCertificateErrorDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `addTab()`.
     public static WebViewPagerAdapter webViewPagerAdapter;
 
-    // `reloadOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`.  It is used in `onRestart()`
-    public static boolean reloadOnRestart;
-
     // The load URL on restart variables are public static so they can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  They are used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean loadUrlOnRestart;
     public static String urlToLoadOnRestart;
@@ -180,13 +173,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `restartFromBookmarksActivity` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean restartFromBookmarksActivity;
 
-    // The blocklist versions are public static so they can be accessed from `AboutTabFragment`.  They are also used in `onCreate()`.  // TODO.
-    public static String easyListVersion;
-    public static String easyPrivacyVersion;
-    public static String fanboysAnnoyanceVersion;
-    public static String fanboysSocialVersion;
-    public static String ultraPrivacyVersion;
-
     // `currentBookmarksFolder` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onBackPressed()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`,
     // `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     public static String currentBookmarksFolder;
@@ -201,9 +187,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
 
 
-    // `navigatingHistory` is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean navigatingHistory;  // TODO.
-
     // The current WebView is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `findPreviousOnPage()`,
     // `findNextOnPage()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private NestedScrollWebView currentWebView;
@@ -217,43 +200,34 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // The options menu is set in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `updatePrivacyIcons()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
     private Menu optionsMenu;
 
-    // TODO.  This could probably be removed.
-    // The blocklist helper is used in `onCreate()` and `WebViewPagerAdapter`.
-    private BlockListHelper blockListHelper;
-
-    // The blocklists are populated in `onCreate()` and accessed from `WebViewPagerAdapter`.
+    // The blocklists are populated in `finishedPopulatingBlocklists()` and accessed from `initializeWebView()`.
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyList;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyPrivacy;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysAnnoyanceList;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysSocialList;
     private ArrayList<List<String[]>> ultraPrivacy;
 
-    // The blocklist menu items are used in `onCreateOptionsMenu()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, and `initializeWebView()`.  // TODO.
-    private MenuItem blocklistsMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem easyListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem ultraPrivacyMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem;
-
     // `webViewDefaultUserAgent` is used in `onCreate()` and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
     private String webViewDefaultUserAgent;
 
     // `proxyThroughOrbot` is used in `onRestart()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `applyAppSettings()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean proxyThroughOrbot;
 
-    // `incognitoModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean incognitoModeEnabled;  // TODO.
+    // The incognito mode is set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private boolean incognitoModeEnabled;
 
-    // `fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled;  // TODO.
+    // The full screen browsing mode tracker is set it `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private boolean fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled;
 
     // `inFullScreenBrowsingMode` is used in `onCreate()`, `onConfigurationChanged()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
     private boolean inFullScreenBrowsingMode;
 
-    // Hide app bar is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean hideAppBar;  // TODO.
+    // The app bar trackers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private boolean hideAppBar;
+    private boolean scrollAppBar;
+
+    // The loading new intent tracker is set in `onNewIntent()` and used in `setCurrentWebView()`.
+    private boolean loadingNewIntent;
 
     // `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, and `onAddDomain()`, .
     private boolean reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart;
@@ -264,24 +238,12 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `displayingFullScreenVideo` is used in `onCreate()` and `onResume()`.
     private boolean displayingFullScreenVideo;
 
-    // `downloadWithExternalApp` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean downloadWithExternalApp;  // TODO.
-
     // `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` is used in `onCreate()` and `onDestroy()`.
     private BroadcastReceiver orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver;
 
     // `waitingForOrbot` is used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean waitingForOrbot;
 
-    // `domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled` is used in `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private Boolean domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled;  // TODO.
-
-    // `waitingForOrbotHtmlString` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private String waitingForOrbotHtmlString;  // TODO.
-
-    // `privateDataDirectoryString` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
-    private String privateDataDirectoryString;  // TODO.
-
     // The action bar drawer toggle is initialized in `onCreate()` and used in `onResume()`.
     private ActionBarDrawerToggle actionBarDrawerToggle;
 
@@ -295,12 +257,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     private int drawerHeaderPaddingTop;
     private int drawerHeaderPaddingBottom;
 
-    // `sslErrorHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslErrorCancel()`, and `onSslErrorProceed`.
-    private SslErrorHandler sslErrorHandler;  // TODO.
-
-    // `httpAuthHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onHttpAuthenticationCancel()`, and `onHttpAuthenticationProceed()`.
-    private static HttpAuthHandler httpAuthHandler;  // TODO.
-
     // `bookmarksDatabaseHelper` is used in `onCreate()`, `onDestroy`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`,
     // and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private BookmarksDatabaseHelper bookmarksDatabaseHelper;
@@ -317,6 +273,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `fileChooserCallback` is used in `onCreate()` and `onActivityResult()`.
     private ValueCallback<Uri[]> fileChooserCallback;
 
+    // The default progress view offsets are set in `onCreate()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private int defaultProgressViewStartOffset;
+    private int defaultProgressViewEndOffset;
+
+    // The swipe refresh layout top padding is used when exiting full screen browsing mode.  It is used in an inner class in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private int swipeRefreshLayoutPaddingTop;
+
+    // The URL sanitizers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `sanitizeUrl()`.
+    private boolean sanitizeGoogleAnalytics;
+    private boolean sanitizeFacebookClickIds;
+    private boolean sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects;
+
     // The download strings are used in `onCreate()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()` and `initializeWebView()`.
     private String downloadUrl;
     private String downloadContentDisposition;
@@ -333,6 +301,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // Remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
     @SuppressLint("ClickableViewAccessibility")
     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
+        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
@@ -357,15 +328,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
         // Set the content view.
         setContentView(R.layout.main_framelayout);
-
-        // Get a handle for the input method.
-        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
-
-        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
-        assert inputMethodManager != null;
-
-        // Get a handle for the toolbar.
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
         Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
 
         // Set the action bar.  `SupportActionBar` must be used until the minimum API is >= 21.
         setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
@@ -380,613 +346,166 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         actionBar.setCustomView(R.layout.url_app_bar);
         actionBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
 
-        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
-        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
-        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
-        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        // Initially disable the sliding drawers.  They will be enabled once the blocklists are loaded.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_LOCKED_CLOSED);
 
-        // Get handles for the URL views.
-        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
 
-        // Remove the formatting from `urlTextBar` when the user is editing the text.
-        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
-            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
-                // Remove the highlighting.
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
-                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
-            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
-                // Move to the beginning of the string.
-                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
+        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
+        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
 
-                // Reapply the highlighting.
-                highlightUrlText();
-            }
-        });
+        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
+        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
 
-        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
-        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
-            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
-                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
-                loadUrlFromTextBox();
+        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
+        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
 
-                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {
-                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
+        // Populate the blocklists.
+        new PopulateBlocklists(this, this).execute();
+    }
 
-        // Set `waitingForOrbotHTMLString`.
-        waitingForOrbotHtmlString = "<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>";
+    @Override
+    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
+        // Get the information from the intent.
+        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
+        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
 
-        // Initialize the Orbot status and the waiting for Orbot trackers.
-        orbotStatus = "unknown";
-        waitingForOrbot = false;
+        // Determine if this is a web search.
+        boolean isWebSearch = ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH));
 
-        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
-        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
-            @Override
-            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
-                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
-                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
+        // Only process the URI if it contains data or it is a web search.  If the user pressed the desktop icon after the app was already running the URI will be null.
+        if (intentUriData != null || isWebSearch) {
+            // Get the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
-                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Reset the waiting for Orbot status.
-                    waitingForOrbot = false;
+            // Create a URL string.
+            String url;
 
-                    // Get the intent that started the app.
-                    Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
+            // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+            if (isWebSearch) {
+                // Create an encoded URL string.
+                String encodedUrlString;
 
-                    // Get the information from the intent.
-                    String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
-                    Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
+                // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                try {
+                    encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                    encodedUrlString = "";
+                }
 
-                    // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
-                    if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
-                        // Create an encoded URL string.
-                        String encodedUrlString;
+                // Add the base search URL.
+                url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+            } else {  // The intent should contain a URL.
+                // Set the intent data as the URL.
+                url = intentUriData.toString();
+            }
 
-                        // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-                        try {
-                            encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
-                        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                            encodedUrlString = "";
-                        }
+            // Add a new tab if specified in the preferences.
+            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("open_intents_in_new_tab", true)) {  // Load the URL in a new tab.
+                // Set the loading new intent flag.
+                loadingNewIntent = true;
 
-                        // Load the completed search URL.
-                        loadUrl(searchURL + encodedUrlString);
-                    } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
-                        // Load the URL from the intent.
-                        loadUrl(launchingIntentUriData.toString());
-                    } else {  // The is no URL in the intent.
-                        // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
-                        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
-                            // Load the Tor homepage.
-                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
-                        } else {
-                            // Load the normal homepage.
-                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
-                        }
-                    }
-                }
+                // Add a new tab.
+                addNewTab(url);
+            } else {  // Load the URL in the current tab.
+                // Make it so.
+                loadUrl(url);
             }
-        };
 
-        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
-        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-        // Instantiate the block list helper.
-        blockListHelper = new BlockListHelper();
+            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+            }
 
-        // Parse the block lists.
-        easyList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easylist.txt");
-        easyPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easyprivacy.txt");
-        fanboysAnnoyanceList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-annoyance.txt");
-        fanboysSocialList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-social.txt");
-        ultraPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/ultraprivacy.txt");
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
+        }
+    }
 
-        // Store the list versions.
-        easyListVersion = easyList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        easyPrivacyVersion = easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        fanboysAnnoyanceVersion = fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        fanboysSocialVersion = fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        ultraPrivacyVersion = ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
+    @Override
+    public void onRestart() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onRestart();
 
-        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-        NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
-        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
-        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
-        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
-        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
-        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
-        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
+        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
+            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
 
-        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
-        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
+            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
+            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
 
-        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
-        Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
-        MenuItem navigationCloseTabMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(0);
-        MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
-        MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
-        MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
-        MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(6);
+            // Make it so.
+            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
+        }
 
-        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
-        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
+        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity.
+        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply app settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
-        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
+            // Apply the app settings.
+            applyAppSettings();
+        }
 
-        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
-        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
+        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the settings or domains activity.
+        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply domain settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
-        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+            // Reapply the domain settings for each tab.
+            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
-                // Set the current WebView.
-                setCurrentWebView(position);
+                // Get the fragment view.
+                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager.
-                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
-                    // Get a handle for the corresponding tab.
-                    TabLayout.Tab correspondingTab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
+                // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
+                if (fragmentView != null) {
+                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-                    // Assert that the corresponding tab is not null.
-                    assert correspondingTab != null;
+                    // Reset the current domain name so the domain settings will be reapplied.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                    // Select the corresponding tab.
-                    correspondingTab.select();
+                    // Reapply the domain settings if the URL is not null, which can happen if an empty tab is active when returning from settings.
+                    if (nestedScrollWebView.getUrl() != null) {
+                        applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, nestedScrollWebView.getUrl(), false, true);
+                    }
                 }
             }
+        }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
-        });
+        // Load the URL on restart (used when loading a bookmark).
+        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
+            // Load the specified URL.
+            loadUrl(urlToLoadOnRestart);
 
-        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
-        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Select the same page in the view pager.
-                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
-            }
+            // Reset the load on restart tracker.
+            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
+        }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
+        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
-                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
-                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = ViewSslCertificateDialog.displayDialog(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
 
-                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
-                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
-            }
-        });
+            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
+            loadBookmarksFolder();
 
-        // Add the first tab.
-        addTab(null);
-
-        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
-        // The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21 and and `getResources().getColor()` must be used until the minimum API >= 23.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
-        } else {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
-        }
-
-        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
-        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
-            Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon();
-
-            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
-
-            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
-
-            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
-
-            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
-            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
-
-            // Add the extra information to the intent.
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_title", currentWebView.getTitle());
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("favorite_icon_byte_array", favoriteIconByteArray);
-
-            // Make it so.
-            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
-        });
-
-        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Create a create bookmark folder dialog.
-            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.createBookmarkFolder(currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-
-            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog.
-            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_folder));
-        });
-
-        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
-            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
-            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-
-            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
-            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
-        });
-
-        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
-        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
-            @Override
-            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
-                // Search for the text in `mainWebView`.
-                currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
-            }
-        });
-
-        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
-        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
-                // Hide the soft keyboard.
-                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
-
-                // Consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
-                // Do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
-
-        // Implement swipe to refresh.
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
-
-        // The swipe to refresh circle doesn't always hide itself completely unless it is moved up 10 pixels.
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressViewOffset(false, swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset() - 10, swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset());
-
-        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
-        } else {
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
-        }
-
-        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
-
-        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
-
-        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
-        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
-
-        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
-        loadBookmarksFolder();
-
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
-            int databaseID = (int) id;
-
-            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
-            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
-            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
-
-            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
-            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
-                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
-
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
-            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
-                // Load the bookmark URL.
-                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
-
-                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
-
-            // Close the `Cursor`.
-            bookmarkCursor.close();
-        });
-
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
-            int databaseId = (int) id;
-
-            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
-            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
-
-            if (isFolder) {
-                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
-                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
-
-                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
-                DialogFragment editBookmarkFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-                editBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_folder));
-            } else {
-                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
-                DialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
-            }
-
-            // Consume the event.
-            return true;
-        });
-
-        // Get the status bar pixel size.
-        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
-        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
-
-        // Get the resource density.
-        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
-
-        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
-        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
-        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
-
-        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
-        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
-
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
-                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
-                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
-                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
-                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
-
-                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
-                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
-                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
-                    }
-
-                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
-                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
-                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
-                    }
-
-                    // Update the navigation menu items.
-                    navigationCloseTabMenuItem.setEnabled(tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1);
-                    navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoBack());
-                    navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoForward());
-                    navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((currentWebView.canGoBack() || currentWebView.canGoForward()));
-                    navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-
-                    // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
-                    inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
-
-                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
-                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
-                    currentWebView.clearFocus();
-                }
-            }
-        });
-
-        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
-        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
-
-        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
-        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
-
-        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
-        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
-
-        // Store the application's private data directory.
-        privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
-        // `dataDir` will vary, but will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
-
-        // Initialize `inFullScreenBrowsingMode`, which is always false at this point because Privacy Browser never starts in full screen browsing mode.
-        inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
-
-        // Inflate a bare WebView to get the default user agent.  It is not used to render content on the screen.
-        @SuppressLint("InflateParams") View webViewLayout = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bare_webview, null, false);
-
-        // Get a handle for the WebView.
-        WebView bareWebView = webViewLayout.findViewById(R.id.bare_webview);
-
-        // Store the default user agent.
-        webViewDefaultUserAgent = bareWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
-
-        // Destroy the bare WebView.
-        bareWebView.destroy();
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
-        // Get the information from the intent.
-        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
-        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
-
-        // Only process the URI if it contains data.  If the user pressed the desktop icon after the app was already running the URI will be null.
-        if (intentUriData != null) {
-            // Sets the new intent as the activity intent, which replaces the one that originally started the app.
-            setIntent(intent);
-
-            // Add a new tab.
-            addTab(null);
-
-            // Create a URL string.
-            String url;
-
-            // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
-            if ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
-                // Create an encoded URL string.
-                String encodedUrlString;
-
-                // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-                try {
-                    encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
-                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                    encodedUrlString = "";
-                }
-
-                // Add the base search URL.
-                url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-            } else {  // The intent should contain a URL.
-                // Set the intent data as the URL.
-                url = intentUriData.toString();
-            }
-
-            // Load the URL.
-            loadUrl(url);
-
-            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-
-            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-            }
-
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
-
-            // Clear the keyboard if displayed and remove the focus on the urlTextBar if it has it.
-            currentWebView.requestFocus();
-        }
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public void onRestart() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onRestart();
-
-        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
-        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
-            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
-            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
-
-            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
-            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
-
-            // Make it so.
-            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
-        }
-
-        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity.
-        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Apply the app settings.
-            applyAppSettings();
-
-            // Reload the webpage to handle changes to night mode and displaying of images.
-            if (reloadOnRestart) {
-                // Reload the WebViews.
-                for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-                    // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                    WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-                    // Get the fragment view.
-                    View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-                    // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
-                    if (fragmentView != null) {
-                        // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                        NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                        // Reload the WebView.  This doesn't seem to work if for WebViews that aren't visible.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.reload();
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Reset `reloadOnRestartBoolean`.
-                reloadOnRestart = false;
-            }
-
-            // Reset the return from settings flag.
-            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
-        }
-
-        // TODO apply to all the tabs.
-        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the Domains activity.
-        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Reset the current domain name so the domain settings will be reapplied.
-            currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
-
-            // Reapply the domain settings.
-            applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, currentWebView.getUrl(), false, true);  // TODO.
-
-            // Reset the reapply domain settings on restart tracker.
-            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
-        }
-
-        // Load the URL on restart (used when loading a bookmark.
-        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
-            // Load the specified URL.
-            loadUrl(urlToLoadOnRestart);
-
-            // Reset the load on restart tracker.
-            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
-        }
-
-        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
-        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
-            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-
-            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
-            loadBookmarksFolder();
-
-            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
-            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
-        }
+            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
+            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
+        }
 
         // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
         updatePrivacyIcons(true);
@@ -1024,7 +543,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
             // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-            currentWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHtmlString, "text/html", null);
+            currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
         }
 
         if (displayingFullScreenVideo || inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
@@ -1111,13 +630,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
         MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
         MenuItem refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
-        blocklistsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.blocklists);
-        easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
-        easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
-        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
-        ultraPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy);
-        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
         MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
 
         // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
@@ -1133,7 +645,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
         adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
 
-        // Get the shared preference values.
+        // Get the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
         // Get the dark theme and app bar preferences..
@@ -1166,6 +678,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
         }
 
+        // Done.
         return true;
     }
 
@@ -1181,8 +694,16 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         MenuItem clearCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_cookies);
         MenuItem clearDOMStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_dom_storage);
         MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem blocklistsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.blocklists);
+        MenuItem easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
+        MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
+        MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
+        MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
+        MenuItem ultraPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy);
+        MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
         MenuItem fontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size);
         MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
+        MenuItem wideViewportMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.wide_viewport);
         MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
         MenuItem nightModeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.night_mode);
         MenuItem proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.proxy_through_orbot);
@@ -1219,6 +740,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
             blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
             swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+            wideViewportMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
             displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
             nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getNightMode());
 
@@ -1251,6 +773,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Enable Clear Cookies if there are any.
         clearCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.hasCookies());
 
+        // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+        String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
         // Get a count of the number of files in the Local Storage directory.
         File localStorageDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/");
         int localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
@@ -1432,11 +957,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
                     reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-                    // TODO.  Move these to `putExtra`.  The certificate can be stored as strings.
-                    // Store the current SSL certificate and IP addresses in the domains activity.
-                    DomainsActivity.currentSslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
-                    DomainsActivity.currentIpAddresses = currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses();
-
                     // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
                     Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
@@ -1445,6 +965,38 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
                     domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
 
+                    // Get the current certificate.
+                    SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                    // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                    if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                        // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                        String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                        String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                        String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                        String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                        String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                        String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                        long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                        long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                        // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                    }
+
+                    // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                    if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                        // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                    }
+
                     // Make it so.
                     startActivity(domainsIntent);
                 } else {  // Add a new domain.
@@ -1461,11 +1013,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Create the domain and store the database ID.
                     int newDomainDatabaseId = domainsDatabaseHelper.addDomain(currentDomain);
 
-                    // TODO.  Move these to `putExtra`.  The certificate can be stored as strings.
-                    // Store the current SSL certificate and IP addresses in the domains activity.
-                    DomainsActivity.currentSslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
-                    DomainsActivity.currentIpAddresses = currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses();
-
                     // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
                     Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
@@ -1474,6 +1021,38 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
                     domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
 
+                    // Get the current certificate.
+                    SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                    // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                    if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                        // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                        String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                        String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                        String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                        String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                        String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                        String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                        long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                        long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                        // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                    }
+
+                    // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                    if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                        // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                    }
+
                     // Make it so.
                     startActivity(domainsIntent);
                 }
@@ -1577,20 +1156,13 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
                             @Override
                             public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the undo button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // `cookieManager.removeAllCookie()` varies by SDK.
-                                        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21) {
-                                            cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
-                                        } else {
-                                            cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
-                                        }
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the cookies, which command varies by SDK.
+                                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21) {
+                                        cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
+                                    } else {
+                                        cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
+                                    }
                                 }
                             }
                         })
@@ -1606,49 +1178,46 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
                             @Override
                             public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the undo button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // Delete the DOM Storage.
-                                        WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
-                                        webStorage.deleteAllData();
-
-                                        // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
-                                        Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
-
-                                        // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
-                                        Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
-                                            try {
-                                                // Get a handle for the runtime.
-                                                Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
-
-                                                // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                                                Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
-
-                                                // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                                                Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                                                Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                                                Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                                                Process deleteDatabasesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-
-                                                // Wait for the processes to finish.
-                                                deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                                                deleteDatabasesProcess.waitFor();
-                                            } catch (Exception exception) {
-                                                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                                            }
-                                        };
-
-                                        // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
-                                        deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the DOM Storage.
+                                    WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
+                                    webStorage.deleteAllData();
+
+                                    // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                    Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
+
+                                    // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                    Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
+                                        try {
+                                            // Get a handle for the runtime.
+                                            Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+
+                                            // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`,
+                                            // which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+                                            String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
+                                            // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                                            Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
+
+                                            // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                                            Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+                                            Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
+                                            Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
+                                            Process deleteDatabasesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
+
+                                            // Wait for the processes to finish.
+                                            deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteDatabasesProcess.waitFor();
+                                        } catch (Exception exception) {
+                                            // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+                                        }
+                                    };
+
+                                    // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
+                                    deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
                                 }
                             }
                         })
@@ -1665,17 +1234,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
                             @Override
                             public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the undo button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The snackbar was dismissed without the `Undo` button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // Delete the form data.
-                                        WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(getApplicationContext());
-                                        mainWebViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the form data.
+                                    WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(getApplicationContext());
+                                    mainWebViewDatabase.clearFormData();
                                 }
                             }
                         })
@@ -1897,19 +1459,19 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Update the swipe refresh layout.
                 if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
-                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) {  // For API >= 23, the status of the scroll refresh listener is continuously updated by the on scroll change listener.
-                        // Only enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled to the top.
-                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
-                    } else {  // For API < 23, the swipe refresh layout is always enabled.
-                        // Enable the swipe refresh layout.
-                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
-                    }
+                    // Only enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
                 } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
                     // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
                     swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
                 }
                 return true;
 
+            case R.id.wide_viewport:
+                // Toggle the viewport.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(!currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
+                return true;
+
             case R.id.display_images:
                 if (currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically()) {  // Images are currently loaded automatically.
                     // Disable loading of images.
@@ -1933,7 +1495,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
                 } else if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are applied.  Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
                     // Apply the JavaScript preference that was stored the last time domain settings were loaded.
-                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled);  // TODO.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(currentWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
                 } else {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are not applied.  Set JavaScript according to the global preference.
                     // Apply the JavaScript preference.
                     currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false));
@@ -1952,6 +1514,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
                 EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
+                // Set the minimum height of the find on page linear layout to match the toolbar.
+                findOnPageLinearLayout.setMinimumHeight(toolbar.getHeight());
+
                 // Hide the toolbar.
                 toolbar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
@@ -1975,6 +1540,29 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 }, 200);
                 return true;
 
+            case R.id.print:
+                // Get a print manager instance.
+                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
+
+                // Remove the lint error below that print manager might be null.
+                assert printManager != null;
+
+                // Create a print document adapter from the current WebView.
+                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
+
+                // Print the document.
+                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
+                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getUrl(),
+                        currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+
+                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
+                return true;
+
             case R.id.view_source:
                 // Create an intent to launch the view source activity.
                 Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
@@ -2000,20 +1588,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, getString(R.string.share_url)));
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.print:
-                // Get a print manager instance.
-                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
-
-                // Remove the lint error below that print manager might be null.
-                assert printManager != null;
-
-                // Create a print document adapter from the current WebView.
-                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
-
-                // Print the document.
-                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
-                return true;
-
             case R.id.open_with_app:
                 openWithApp(currentWebView.getUrl());
                 return true;
@@ -2022,15 +1596,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 openWithBrowser(currentWebView.getUrl());
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
-                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
-                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getUrl(),
-                        currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
-
-                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
-                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
-                return true;
-
             case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
                 // Toggle the proxy through Orbot variable.
                 proxyThroughOrbot = !proxyThroughOrbot;
@@ -2039,225 +1604,42 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 applyProxyThroughOrbot(true);
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.refresh:
-                if (menuItem.getTitle().equals(getString(R.string.refresh))) {  // The refresh button was pushed.
-                    // Reload the current WebView.
-                    currentWebView.reload();
-                } else {  // The stop button was pushed.
-                    // Stop the loading of the WebView.
-                    currentWebView.stopLoading();
-                }
-                return true;
-
-            case R.id.ad_consent:
-                // Display the ad consent dialog.
-                DialogFragment adConsentDialogFragment = new AdConsentDialog();
-                adConsentDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ad_consent));
-                return true;
-
-            default:
-                // Don't consume the event.
-                return super.onOptionsItemSelected(menuItem);
-        }
-    }
-
-    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-    @Override
-    public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
-        // Get the menu item ID.
-        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
-
-        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
-
-        // Run the commands that correspond to the selected menu item.
-        switch (menuItemId) {
-            case R.id.close_tab:
-                // Get a handle for the tab layout and the view pager.
-                TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
-                ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
-
-                // Get the current tab number.
-                int currentTabNumber = tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition();
-
-                // Delete the current tab.
-                tabLayout.removeTabAt(currentTabNumber);
-
-                // Delete the current page.  If the selected page number did not change during the delete, it will return true, meaning that the current WebView must be reset.
-                if (webViewPagerAdapter.deletePage(currentTabNumber, webViewPager)) {
-                    setCurrentWebView(currentTabNumber);
-                }
-                break;
-
-            case R.id.clear_and_exit:
-                // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
-                bookmarksCursor.close();
-                bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
-
-                // Get the status of the clear everything preference.
-                boolean clearEverything = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_everything", true);
-
-                // Get a handle for the runtime.
-                Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
-
-                // Clear cookies.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cookies", true)) {
-                    // The command to remove cookies changed slightly in API 21.
-                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                        CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookies(null);
-                    } else {
-                        CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookie();
-                    }
-
-                    // Manually delete the cookies database, as `CookieManager` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // Two commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        Process deleteCookiesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies");
-                        Process deleteCookiesJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies-journal");
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteCookiesProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteCookiesJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Clear DOM storage.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_dom_storage", true)) {
-                    // Ask `WebStorage` to clear the DOM storage.
-                    WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
-                    webStorage.deleteAllData();
-
-                    // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories, as `WebStorage` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
-
-                        // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                        Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                        Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                        Process deleteDatabaseProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteDatabaseProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Clear form data if the API < 26.
-                if ((Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) && (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_form_data", true))) {
-                    WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
-                    webViewDatabase.clearFormData();
-
-                    // Manually delete the form data database, as `WebViewDatabase` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // A string array must be used because the database contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not otherwise escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteWebDataProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data"});
-                        Process deleteWebDataJournalProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data-journal"});
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteWebDataProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteWebDataJournalProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Clear the cache.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cache", true)) {
-                    // Clear the cache from each WebView.
-                    for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-                        // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                        WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-                        // Get the fragment view.
-                        View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-                        // Only clear the cache if the WebView exists.
-                        if (fragmentView != null) {
-                            // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                            NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                            // Clear the cache for this WebView.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.clearCache(true);
-                        }
-                    }
-
-                    // Manually delete the cache directories.
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the main cache directory.
-                        Process deleteCacheProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
-
-                        // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
-                        // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                        Process deleteServiceWorkerProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
-
-                        // Wait until the processes have finished.
-                        deleteCacheProcess.waitFor();
-                        deleteServiceWorkerProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
-
-                // Wipe out each WebView.
-                for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-                    // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-                    WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
-
-                    // Get the fragment view.
-                    View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
-
-                    // Only wipe out the WebView if it exists.
-                    if (fragmentView != null) {
-                        // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                        NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-                        // Clear SSL certificate preferences for this WebView.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.clearSslPreferences();
-
-                        // Clear the back/forward history for this WebView.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.clearHistory();
-
-                        // Destroy the internal state of `mainWebView`.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.destroy();
-                    }
+            case R.id.refresh:
+                if (menuItem.getTitle().equals(getString(R.string.refresh))) {  // The refresh button was pushed.
+                    // Reload the current WebView.
+                    currentWebView.reload();
+                } else {  // The stop button was pushed.
+                    // Stop the loading of the WebView.
+                    currentWebView.stopLoading();
                 }
+                return true;
 
-                // Clear the custom headers.
-                customHeaders.clear();
+            case R.id.ad_consent:
+                // Display the ad consent dialog.
+                DialogFragment adConsentDialogFragment = new AdConsentDialog();
+                adConsentDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ad_consent));
+                return true;
 
-                // Manually delete the `app_webview` folder, which contains the cookies, DOM storage, form data, and `Service Worker` cache.
-                // See `https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=233826&thanks=233826&ts=1486670530`.
-                if (clearEverything) {
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the folder.
-                        Process deleteAppWebviewProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview");
+            default:
+                // Don't consume the event.
+                return super.onOptionsItemSelected(menuItem);
+        }
+    }
 
-                        // Wait until the process has finished.
-                        deleteAppWebviewProcess.waitFor();
-                    } catch (Exception exception) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
+    @Override
+    public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
+        // Get the menu item ID.
+        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
 
-                // Close Privacy Browser.  `finishAndRemoveTask` also removes Privacy Browser from the recent app list.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    finishAndRemoveTask();
-                } else {
-                    finish();
-                }
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                // Remove the terminated program from RAM.  The status code is `0`.
-                System.exit(0);
+        // Run the commands that correspond to the selected menu item.
+        switch (menuItemId) {
+            case R.id.clear_and_exit:
+                // Clear and exit Privacy Browser.
+                clearAndExit();
                 break;
 
             case R.id.home:
@@ -2276,8 +1658,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
                     currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                    // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    navigatingHistory = true;
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
                     // Load the previous website in the history.
                     currentWebView.goBack();
@@ -2289,8 +1671,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
                     currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                    // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    navigatingHistory = true;
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
                     // Load the next website in the history.
                     currentWebView.goForward();
@@ -2298,11 +1680,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 break;
 
             case R.id.history:
-                // Get the `WebBackForwardList`.
-                WebBackForwardList webBackForwardList = currentWebView.copyBackForwardList();
+                // Instantiate the URL history dialog.
+                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-                // Show the URL history dialog and name this instance `R.string.history`.
-                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(this, webBackForwardList);
+                // Show the URL history dialog.
                 urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
                 break;
 
@@ -2334,17 +1715,44 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
                 reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-                // TODO.  Move these to `putExtra`.  The certificate can be stored as strings.
-                // Store the current SSL certificate and IP addresses in the domains activity.
-                DomainsActivity.currentSslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
-                DomainsActivity.currentIpAddresses = currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses();
-
                 // Launch the domains activity.
                 Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
                 // Add the extra information to the intent.
                 domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
 
+                // Get the current certificate.
+                SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                    // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                    String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                    String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                    String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                    String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                    String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                    String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                    long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                    long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                    // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                }
+
+                // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                    // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                }
+
                 // Make it so.
                 startActivity(domainsIntent);
                 break;
@@ -2380,8 +1788,17 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 break;
 
             case R.id.about:
-                // Launch `AboutActivity`.
+                // Create an intent to launch the about activity.
                 Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
+
+                // Create a string array for the blocklist versions.
+                String[] blocklistVersions = new String[] {easyList.get(0).get(0)[0], easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0],
+                        ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0]};
+
+                // Add the blocklist versions to the intent.
+                aboutIntent.putExtra("blocklist_versions", blocklistVersions);
+
+                // Make it so.
                 startActivity(aboutIntent);
                 break;
         }
@@ -2440,9 +1857,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         final String imageUrl;
         final String linkUrl;
 
-        // Get handles for the the clipboard and fragment managers.
+        // Get handles for the system managers.
         final ClipboardManager clipboardManager = (ClipboardManager) getSystemService(CLIPBOARD_SERVICE);
         FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
         // Remove the lint errors below that the clipboard manager might be null.
         assert clipboardManager != null;
@@ -2457,13 +1875,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
                 menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
-                // Add a Load URL entry.
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Add a new tab.
-                    addTab(null);
-
-                    // Load the URL.
-                    loadUrl(linkUrl);
+                    // Load the link URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(linkUrl);
                     return false;
                 });
 
@@ -2492,7 +1907,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Add a Download URL entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
                     // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
                         openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
                     } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
                         // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
@@ -2565,24 +1980,32 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
 
-            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image.
+            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image. `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.  Privacy Browser processes them the same.
             case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
                 // Get the image URL.
                 imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
 
-                // Set the image URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                // Set the image URL as the title of the context menu.
                 menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
 
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the image URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
                 // Add a View Image entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
                     loadUrl(imageUrl);
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a Download Image entry.
+                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
                     // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
                         openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
                     } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
                         // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
@@ -2612,13 +2035,13 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a Copy URL entry.
+                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
                     // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcImageTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
+                    ClipData srcImageAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
 
                     // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageTypeClipData);
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageAnchorTypeClipData);
                     return false;
                 });
 
@@ -2634,790 +2057,1161 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
-                break;
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
+        }
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+
+        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
+
+        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
+        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
+        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
+
+        // Create the bookmark.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
+
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+
+        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+
+        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
+
+        // Get new folder name string.
+        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
+        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+
+        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
+        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
+            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+
+            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
+            // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+        }
+
+        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
+        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
+            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
+        }
+
+        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
+
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+
+        // Scroll to the new folder.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
+
+        // Store the bookmark strings.
+        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Update the bookmark.
+        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
+        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
+        }
+
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
+
+        // Get the new folder name.
+        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
+        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
+            // Update the name in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
+        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
+            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+
+            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
+
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+            // Update the folder icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
+            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
+
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-            // `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.
-            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
-                // Get the image URL.
-                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-                // Set the image URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
+            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        }
 
-                // Add a `View Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
-                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
-                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
-                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
-                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
 
-                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
-                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
+    @Override
+    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
+        switch (downloadType) {
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
 
-                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
-                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
-                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
-                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                            }
-                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
-                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
+        }
+    }
 
-                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
-                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                        }
-                    }
-                    return false;
-                });
+    @Override
+    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
+        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
 
-                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
-                    ClipData srcImageAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
+        switch (requestCode) {
+            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
 
-                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
-                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageAnchorTypeClipData);
-                    return false;
-                });
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
 
-                // Add an Open with App entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+                // Reset the download variables.
+                downloadUrl = "";
+                downloadContentDisposition = "";
+                downloadContentLength = 0;
+                break;
 
-                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
-                    return false;
-                });
+            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
-                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
+
+                // Reset the image URL variable.
+                downloadImageUrl = "";
                 break;
         }
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
-        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
+        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
-        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
-        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
-        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
+            // Parse `imageUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
 
-        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
-        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
-        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(imageUrl);
 
-        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
 
-        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
+            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
-        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            }
 
-        // Create the bookmark.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
 
-        // Update the list view.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
-        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
-        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
+
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+        }
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
-        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
-
-        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
-        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
-        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
-        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
-
-        // Get new folder name string.
-        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
-
-        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
-        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
+        // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
-        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
-        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
-            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+            // Parse `downloadUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
 
-            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
-            // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
-        }
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(downloadUrl);
 
-        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
 
-        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
+            String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            }
 
-        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
-        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
-            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
-        }
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
 
-        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(downloadUrl);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
 
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
 
-        // Scroll to the new folder.
-        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+        }
     }
 
+    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and and the WebView.
     @Override
-    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
-        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
-        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
+    public void onBackPressed() {
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout and the tab layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
 
-        // Store the bookmark strings.
-        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
-        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
+            // Close the navigation drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
+            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
+                // close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
+                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
-        // Update the bookmark.
-        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
-        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
-            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            }
+        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
+            // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+            currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+            currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
-            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // Go back.
+            currentWebView.goBack();
+        } else if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There are at least two tabs.
+            // Close the current tab.
+            closeCurrentTab();
+        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
+            // Run the default commands.
+            super.onBackPressed();
 
-            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
+            // Manually kill Privacy Browser.  Otherwise, it is glitchy when restarted.
+            System.exit(0);
         }
-
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
-
-        // Update the list view.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
     }
 
+    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
     @Override
-    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
-        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
-        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
-        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
-        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
-
-        // Get the new folder name.
-        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
+        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            // Pass the file to the WebView.
+            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
+        }
+    }
 
-        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
-        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
-            // Update the name in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
-        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
-            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
-            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
+        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
 
-            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
-            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
-                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
+        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
 
-                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+        // Initialize the formatted URL string.
+        String url = "";
 
-                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
+        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {  // This is a Content URL.
+            // Load the entire content URL.
+            url = unformattedUrlString;
+        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://") ||
+                unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a standard URL.
+            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
+            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
             }
 
-            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
+            URL unformattedUrl = null;
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
+            try {
+                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
+            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
+                e.printStackTrace();
+            }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
+            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
+            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
+            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
+            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
+            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
 
-            // Update the folder icon in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
-        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
-            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
-            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
-            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
-                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
-                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+            // Build the URI.
+            Uri.Builder uri = new Uri.Builder();
+            uri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
 
-                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
-                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+            // Decode the URI as a UTF-8 string in.
+            try {
+                url = URLDecoder.decode(uri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                // Do nothing.  The formatted URL string will remain blank.
+            }
+        } else if (!unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // This is not a URL, but rather a search string.
+            // Create an encoded URL String.
+            String encodedUrlString;
 
-                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
-            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
-                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
-                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            // Sanitize the search input.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
             }
 
-            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
-            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+            // Add the base search URL.
+            url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+        }
 
-            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
-            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
+        urlEditText.clearFocus();
 
-            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
-            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+        // Make it so.
+        loadUrl(url);
+    }
 
-            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
-            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
-        }
+    private void loadUrl(String url) {
+        // Sanitize the URL.
+        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
 
-        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Apply the domain settings.
+        applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, url, true, false);
 
-        // Update the `ListView`.
-        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+        // Load the URL.
+        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
-        switch (downloadType) {
-            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
-                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
-                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                break;
+    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(false);
+    }
 
-            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
-                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
-                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                break;
+    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(true);
+    }
+
+    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
+        // Get a handle for the views.
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+
+        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
+        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
+
+        // Clear the highlighted phrases if the WebView is not null.
+        if (currentWebView != null) {
+            currentWebView.clearMatches();
         }
+
+        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+
+        // Show the toolbar.
+        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+
+        // Hide the keyboard.
+        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(toolbar.getWindowToken(), 0);
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
-        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
-        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+    private void applyAppSettings() {
+        // Initialize the app if this is the first run.  This is done here instead of in `onCreate()` to shorten the time that an unthemed background is displayed on app startup.
+        if (webViewDefaultUserAgent == null) {
+            initializeApp();
+        }
 
-        switch (requestCode) {
-            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
-                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
-                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
+        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
+        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
+        sanitizeGoogleAnalytics = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("google_analytics", true);
+        sanitizeFacebookClickIds = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("facebook_click_ids", true);
+        sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("twitter_amp_redirects", true);
+        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
+        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
+        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
+        scrollAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true);
 
-                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
-                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
-                } else {
-                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                }
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
+        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-                // Reset the download variables.
-                downloadUrl = "";
-                downloadContentDisposition = "";
-                downloadContentLength = 0;
-                break;
+        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
+        assert actionBar != null;
 
-            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
-                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
-                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
+        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
 
-                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
-                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
-                } else {
-                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
-                }
+        // Set Do Not Track status.
+        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
+            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
+        } else {
+            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
+        }
 
-                // Reset the image URL variable.
-                downloadImageUrl = "";
-                break;
+        // Get the current layout parameters.  Using coordinator layout parameters allows the `setBehavior()` command and using app bar layout parameters allows the `setScrollFlags()` command.
+        CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams swipeRefreshLayoutParams = (CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams) swipeRefreshLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams toolbarLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) toolbar.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams findOnPageLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) findOnPageLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams tabsLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) tabsLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+
+        // Add the scrolling behavior to the layout parameters.
+        if (scrollAppBar) {
+            // Enable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(new AppBarLayout.ScrollingViewBehavior());
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+        } else {
+            // Disable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(null);
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+
+            // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
+            appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
         }
-    }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
-        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
-            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
-            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
+        // Apply the modified layout parameters.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setLayoutParams(swipeRefreshLayoutParams);
+        toolbar.setLayoutParams(toolbarLayoutParams);
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(findOnPageLayoutParams);
+        tabsLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(tabsLayoutParams);
 
-            // Parse `imageUrl`.
-            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
+        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
-            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
-            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
-            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
-                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
-                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(imageUrl);
+            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
-                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+                // Set the app bar scrolling.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(scrollAppBar);
             }
+        }
 
-            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
-            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
-            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
+        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
+            if (hideAppBar) {
+                // Hide the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-            // Specify the download location.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
-                // Download to the public download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
-            } else {  // External write permission denied.
-                // Download to the app's external download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+                // Hide the action bar.
+                actionBar.hide();
+            } else {
+                // Show the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+                // Show the action bar.
+                actionBar.show();
             }
 
-            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
-            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+            }
 
-            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
-            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
-            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
+            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
 
-            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
-            assert downloadManager != null;
+            // Show the tab linear layout.
+            tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-            // Initiate the download.
-            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
-        } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+            // Show the action bar.
+            actionBar.show();
+
+            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
+                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+            }
+
+            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+
+            // Add the translucent status flag.
+            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
         }
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
-        // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-        if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
-            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
-            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
+    private void initializeApp() {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-            // Parse `downloadUrl`.
-            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
+        // Get the theme preference.
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
-            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+        // Get a handle for the input method.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
-            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
-            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
-                // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
-                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(downloadUrl);
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
-                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
+        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
+        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+
+        // Get handles for the URL views.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+
+        // Remove the formatting from the URL edit text when the user is editing the text.
+        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
+            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
+                // Remove the highlighting.
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
+            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
+                // Move to the beginning of the string.
+                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
+
+                // Reapply the highlighting.
+                highlightUrlText();
             }
+        });
 
-            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
-            EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
-            String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
+        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
+            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
+                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
+                loadUrlFromTextBox();
 
-            // Specify the download location.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
-                // Download to the public download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
-            } else {  // External write permission denied.
-                // Download to the app's external download directory.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {
+                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
+                return false;
             }
+        });
 
-            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
-            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+        // Initialize the Orbot status and the waiting for Orbot trackers.
+        orbotStatus = "unknown";
+        waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
-            downloadRequest.setDescription(downloadUrl);
+        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
+        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
+            @Override
+            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
+                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
+                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
 
-            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
-            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
+                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
+                    // Reset the waiting for Orbot status.
+                    waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
-            assert downloadManager != null;
+                    // Get the intent that started the app.
+                    Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
 
-            // Initiate the download.
-            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
-        } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
-            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
-        }
-    }
+                    // Get the information from the intent.
+                    String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
+                    Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
 
-    @Override
-    public void onHttpAuthenticationCancel() {
-        // Cancel the `HttpAuthHandler`.
-        httpAuthHandler.cancel();
-    }
+                    // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+                    if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
+                        // Create an encoded URL string.
+                        String encodedUrlString;
+
+                        // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                        try {
+                            encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                            encodedUrlString = "";
+                        }
+
+                        // Load the completed search URL.
+                        loadUrl(searchURL + encodedUrlString);
+                    } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
+                        // Load the URL from the intent.
+                        loadUrl(launchingIntentUriData.toString());
+                    } else {  // The is no URL in the intent.
+                        // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                            // Load the Tor homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                        } else {
+                            // Load the normal homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
+            }
+        };
 
-    @Override
-    public void onHttpAuthenticationProceed(DialogFragment dialogFragment) {
-        // Get handles for the `EditTexts`.
-        EditText usernameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.http_authentication_username);
-        EditText passwordEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.http_authentication_password);
+        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
+        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
 
-        // Proceed with the HTTP authentication.
-        httpAuthHandler.proceed(usernameEditText.getText().toString(), passwordEditText.getText().toString());
-    }
+        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSslErrorCancel() {  // TODO.  How to handle this with multiple tabs?  There could be multiple errors at once.
-        sslErrorHandler.cancel();
-    }
+        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
+        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onSslErrorProceed() {  // TODO.  How to handle this with multiple tabs?  There could be multiple errors at once.
-        sslErrorHandler.proceed();
-    }
+        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
+        Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
+        MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(2);
+        MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
+        MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
+        MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onPinnedMismatchBack() {  // TODO.  Move this logic to the dialog.
-        if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is a back page in the history.
-            // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
-            currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
+        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
+        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-            // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-            navigatingHistory = true;  // TODO.
+            @Override
+            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
+                // Close the find on page bar if it is open.
+                closeFindOnPage(null);
 
-            // Go back.
-            currentWebView.goBack();
-        } else {  // There are no pages to go back to.
-            // Load a blank page
-            loadUrl("");
-        }
-    }
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(position);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onPinnedMismatchProceed() {  // TODO.  Move this logic to the dialog.
-        // Do not check the pinned information for this domain again until the domain changes.
-        currentWebView.setIgnorePinnedDomainInformation(true);
-    }
+                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager or by creating a new tab.
+                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
+                    // Create a handler to select the tab.
+                    Handler selectTabHandler = new Handler();
 
-    @Override
-    public void onUrlHistoryEntrySelected(int moveBackOrForwardSteps) {
-        // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
-        currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
+                    // Create a runnable to select the tab.
+                    Runnable selectTabRunnable = () -> {
+                        // Get a handle for the tab.
+                        TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
 
-        // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-        navigatingHistory = true;
+                        // Assert that the tab is not null.
+                        assert tab != null;
 
-        // Load the history entry.
-        currentWebView.goBackOrForward(moveBackOrForwardSteps);
-    }
+                        // Select the tab.
+                        tab.select();
+                    };
 
-    @Override
-    public void onClearHistory() {
-        // Clear the history.
-        currentWebView.clearHistory();
-    }
+                    // Select the tab layout after 150 milliseconds, which leaves enough time for a new tab to be inflated.
+                    selectTabHandler.postDelayed(selectTabRunnable, 150);
+                }
+            }
 
-    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and and the WebView.
-    @Override
-    public void onBackPressed() {
-        // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
-        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+        });
 
-        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
-            // Close the navigation drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
-            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
-                // close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
-                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
+        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Select the same page in the view pager.
+                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
+            }
 
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            @Override
+            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Do nothing.
             }
-        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
-            // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
-            currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-            // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-            navigatingHistory = true;
+            @Override
+            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = ViewSslCertificateDialog.displayDialog(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-            // Go back.
-            currentWebView.goBack();
-        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
-            // Pass `onBackPressed()` to the system.
-            super.onBackPressed();
-        }
-    }
+                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
+            }
+        });
 
-    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
-    @Override
-    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
-        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-            // Pass the file to the WebView.
-            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
+        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
+        // The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21 and and `getResources().getColor()` must be used until the minimum API >= 23.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
+        } else {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
         }
-    }
 
-    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
-        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
-        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
+        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
+            Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon();
 
-        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
-        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-        // Initialize the formatted URL string.
-        String url = "";
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
-        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {  // This is a Content URL.
-            // Load the entire content URL.
-            url = unformattedUrlString;
-        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://") ||
-                unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a standard URL.
-            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
-            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
-                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
-            }
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
-            URL unformattedUrl = null;
+            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
+            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
 
-            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
-            try {
-                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
-            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
-                e.printStackTrace();
-            }
+            // Add the extra information to the intent.
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_title", currentWebView.getTitle());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("favorite_icon_byte_array", favoriteIconByteArray);
 
-            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
-            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
-            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
-            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
-            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
-            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
+            // Make it so.
+            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
+        });
 
-            // Build the URI.
-            Uri.Builder uri = new Uri.Builder();
-            uri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
+        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Create a create bookmark folder dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.createBookmarkFolder(currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-            // Decode the URI as a UTF-8 string in.
-            try {
-                url = URLDecoder.decode(uri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                // Do nothing.  The formatted URL string will remain blank.
+            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog.
+            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_folder));
+        });
+
+        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
+            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+
+            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
+            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
+        });
+
+        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
+        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
+            @Override
+            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
+                // Do nothing.
             }
-        } else if (!unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // This is not a URL, but rather a search string.
-            // Create an encoded URL String.
-            String encodedUrlString;
 
-            // Sanitize the search input.
-            try {
-                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
-            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
-                encodedUrlString = "";
+            @Override
+            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
+                // Do nothing.
             }
 
-            // Add the base search URL.
-            url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
-        }
+            @Override
+            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
+                // Search for the text in the WebView if it is not null.  Sometimes on resume after a period of non-use the WebView will be null.
+                if (currentWebView != null) {
+                    currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
+                }
+            }
+        });
 
-        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
-        urlEditText.clearFocus();
+        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
+        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
+                // Hide the soft keyboard.
+                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
 
-        // Make it so.
-        loadUrl(url);
-    }
+                // Consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
+                // Do not consume the event.
+                return false;
+            }
+        });
 
-    private void loadUrl(String url) {
-        // Apply the domain settings.
-        applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, url, true, false);
+        // Implement swipe to refresh.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
 
-        // Load the URL.
-        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
-    }
+        // Store the default progress view offsets for use later in `initializeWebView()`.
+        defaultProgressViewStartOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset();
+        defaultProgressViewEndOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset();
 
-    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
-        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
-        currentWebView.findNext(false);
-    }
+        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
+        } else {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
+        }
 
-    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
-        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
-        currentWebView.findNext(true);
-    }
+        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
 
-    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
-        // Get a handle for the views.
-        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
-        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
-        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
-        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
-        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
+        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
+        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
 
-        // Clear the highlighted phrases.
-        currentWebView.clearMatches();
+        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
+        loadBookmarksFolder();
 
-        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
-        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
+            int databaseID = (int) id;
 
-        // Show the toolbar.
-        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
+            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
+            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
 
-        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
-        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
+            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
+                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
 
-        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
-        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
+                // Load the bookmark URL.
+                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
 
-        // Hide the keyboard.
-        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
-    }
+                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
 
-    private void applyAppSettings() {
-        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+            // Close the `Cursor`.
+            bookmarkCursor.close();
+        });
 
-        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
-        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
-        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
-        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
-        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
-        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
-        downloadWithExternalApp = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false);
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
+            int databaseId = (int) id;
 
-        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.  `getSupportActionBar()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
-        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
-        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
+            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
 
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warnings below that the action bar might be null.
-        assert actionBar != null;
+            if (isFolder) {
+                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
+                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
 
-        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
-        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
+                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_folder));
+            } else {
+                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
+            }
 
-        // Set Do Not Track status.
-        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
-            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
-        } else {
-            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
-        }
+            // Consume the event.
+            return true;
+        });
 
-        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
-        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
-            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
-            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
 
-            // Get the fragment view.
-            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
 
-            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
-            if (fragmentView != null) {
-                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
-                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
 
-                // Set the app bar scrolling.
-                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true));
+        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
+        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
             }
-        }
 
-        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
-        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
-            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
-            if (hideAppBar) {
-                actionBar.hide();
-            } else {
-                actionBar.show();
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
             }
 
-            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
-            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
             }
 
-            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
-            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
+                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
+                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
+                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
+                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
 
-            /* Hide the system bars.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-             */
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
-                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
-            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
-            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
 
-            // Show the app bar.
-            actionBar.show();
+                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
 
-            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
-            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
-                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+                    // Update the navigation menu items if the WebView is not null.
+                    if (currentWebView != null) {
+                        navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoBack());
+                        navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoForward());
+                        navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((currentWebView.canGoBack() || currentWebView.canGoForward()));
+                        navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+
+                        // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
+                        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+                    }
+
+                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
+                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
+                    currentWebView.clearFocus();
+                }
             }
+        });
 
-            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
-            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
+        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
 
-            // Add the translucent status flag.
-            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-        }
-    }
+        // Inflate a bare WebView to get the default user agent.  It is not used to render content on the screen.
+        @SuppressLint("InflateParams") View webViewLayout = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bare_webview, null, false);
+
+        // Get a handle for the WebView.
+        WebView bareWebView = webViewLayout.findViewById(R.id.bare_webview);
+
+        // Store the default user agent.
+        webViewDefaultUserAgent = bareWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
+        // Destroy the bare WebView.
+        bareWebView.destroy();
+    }
 
     // `reloadWebsite` is used if returning from the Domains activity.  Otherwise JavaScript might not function correctly if it is newly enabled.
     @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
-    private boolean applyDomainSettings(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, String url, boolean resetFavoriteIcon, boolean reloadWebsite) {
+    private boolean applyDomainSettings(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, String url, boolean resetTab, boolean reloadWebsite) {
         // Store a copy of the current user agent to track changes for the return boolean.
         String initialUserAgent = nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
@@ -3432,8 +3226,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             newHostName = "";
         }
 
-        // Only apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
-        if (!nestedScrollWebView.getCurrentDomainName().equals(newHostName)) {
+        // Apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded or if the new domain is blank.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
+        if (!nestedScrollWebView.getCurrentDomainName().equals(newHostName) || newHostName.equals("")) {
             // Set the new host name as the current domain name.
             nestedScrollWebView.setCurrentDomainName(newHostName);
 
@@ -3445,30 +3239,37 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             nestedScrollWebView.clearPinnedIpAddresses();
 
             // Reset the favorite icon if specified.
-            if (resetFavoriteIcon) {
+            if (resetTab) {
                 // Initialize the favorite icon.
                 nestedScrollWebView.initializeFavoriteIcon();
 
+                // Get the current page position.
+                int currentPagePosition = webViewPagerAdapter.getPositionForId(nestedScrollWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
+
                 // Get a handle for the tab layout.
                 TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
 
-                // Get the current tab.
-                TabLayout.Tab currentTab = tabLayout.getTabAt(tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition());  // TODO.  We need to get the tab for this WebView, which might not be the current tab.
+                // Get the corresponding tab.
+                TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(currentPagePosition);
 
-                // Remove the warning below that the current tab might be null.
-                assert currentTab != null;
+                // Update the tab if it isn't null, which sometimes happens when restarting from the background.
+                if (tab != null) {
+                    // Get the tab custom view.
+                    View tabCustomView = tab.getCustomView();
 
-                // Get the current tab custom view.
-                View currentTabCustomView = currentTab.getCustomView();
+                    // Remove the warning below that the tab custom view might be null.
+                    assert tabCustomView != null;
 
-                // Remove the warning below that the current tab custom view might be null.
-                assert currentTabCustomView != null;
+                    // Get the tab views.
+                    ImageView tabFavoriteIconImageView = tabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon_imageview);
+                    TextView tabTitleTextView = tabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
 
-                // Get the current tab favorite icon image view.
-                ImageView currentTabFavoriteIconImageView = currentTabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon_imageview);
+                    // Set the default favorite icon as the favorite icon for this tab.
+                    tabFavoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(nestedScrollWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon(), 64, 64, true));
 
-                // Set the default favorite icon as the favorite icon for this tab.
-                currentTabFavoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(nestedScrollWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon(), 64, 64, true));
+                    // Set the loading title text.
+                    tabTitleTextView.setText(R.string.loading);
+                }
             }
 
             // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
@@ -3532,8 +3333,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             String defaultFontSizeString = sharedPreferences.getString("font_size", getString(R.string.font_size_default_value));
             String defaultUserAgentName = sharedPreferences.getString("user_agent", getString(R.string.user_agent_default_value));
             boolean defaultSwipeToRefresh = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("swipe_to_refresh", true);
-            boolean displayWebpageImages = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
             boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+            boolean wideViewport = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("wide_viewport", true);
+            boolean displayWebpageImages = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
 
             // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
             CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
@@ -3553,7 +3355,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Get the settings from the cursor.
                 nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsDatabaseId(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper._ID)));
-                boolean domainJavaScriptEnabled = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_JAVASCRIPT)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_JAVASCRIPT)) == 1);
                 nestedScrollWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FIRST_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
                 boolean domainThirdPartyCookiesEnabled = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_THIRD_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
                 nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_DOM_STORAGE)) == 1);
@@ -3575,6 +3377,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 int fontSize = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.FONT_SIZE));
                 int swipeToRefreshInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH));
                 int nightModeInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE));
+                int wideViewportInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.WIDE_VIEWPORT));
                 int displayWebpageImagesInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_IMAGES));
                 boolean pinnedSslCertificate = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_SSL_CERTIFICATE)) == 1);
                 String pinnedSslIssuedToCName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_COMMON_NAME));
@@ -3617,33 +3420,29 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Set night mode according to the night mode int.
                 switch (nightModeInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
                         // Set night mode according to the current default.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false));
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_ENABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
                         // Enable night mode.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_DISABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
                         // Disable night mode.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(false);
                         break;
                 }
 
-                // TODO.
-                // Store the domain JavaScript status.  This is used by the options menu night mode toggle.
-                domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled = domainJavaScriptEnabled;
-
                 // Enable JavaScript if night mode is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {
                     // Enable JavaScript.
                     nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
                 } else {
                     // Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(domainJavaScriptEnabled);
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(nestedScrollWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
                 }
 
                 // Close the current host domain settings cursor.
@@ -3669,59 +3468,55 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(fontSize);
                 }
 
-                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.
-                // <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
-                if (nestedScrollWebView.getProgress() == 100) {  // A URL is not loading.
-                    // Set the user agent.
-                    if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
-                        // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
-                        int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
-
-                        // Set the user agent according to the system default.
-                        switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
-                            case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
-                                // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the default custom user agent.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
-                                break;
-
-                            default:
-                                // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
-                        }
-                    } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
-                        // Get the array position of the user agent name.
-                        int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
-
-                        switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
-                            case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
-                                break;
-
-                            case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                                // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                                break;
-
-                            default:
-                                // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
-                                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
-                        }
+                // Set the user agent.
+                if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
+                    // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
+                    int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
+
+                    // Set the user agent according to the system default.
+                    switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the default custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                            break;
+
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
+                    }
+                } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
+                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
+
+                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
+
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
                     }
                 }
 
                 // Set swipe to refresh.
                 switch (swipeToRefreshInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
                         // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
 
@@ -3729,7 +3524,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_ENABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
                         // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(true);
 
@@ -3737,7 +3532,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_DISABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
                         // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
                         nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(false);
 
@@ -3745,17 +3540,32 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
                 }
 
+                // Set the viewport.
+                switch (wideViewportInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(wideViewport);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
+                        break;
+                }
+
                 // Set the loading of webpage images.
                 switch (displayWebpageImagesInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_ENABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
                         break;
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_DISABLED:
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
                         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
                         break;
                 }
@@ -3813,35 +3623,34 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(nestedScrollWebView, defaultThirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
                 }
 
-                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.
-                // <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
-                if (nestedScrollWebView.getProgress() == 100) {  // A URL is not loading.
-                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
-                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
-
-                    // Set the user agent.
-                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
-                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
-                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
-                            break;
-
-                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
-                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                            break;
+                // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
 
-                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
-                            // Set the default custom user agent.
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
-                            break;
+                // Set the user agent.
+                switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                    case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                        // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                        break;
 
-                        default:
-                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
-                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
-                    }
+                    case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                        // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                        break;
+
+                    case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                        // Set the default custom user agent.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                        break;
+
+                    default:
+                        // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
                 }
 
+                // Set the viewport.
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(wideViewport);
+
                 // Set the loading of webpage images.
                 nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
 
@@ -3876,11 +3685,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         String searchCustomUrlString = sharedPreferences.getString("search_custom_url", getString(R.string.search_custom_url_default_value));
         boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-        // Get a handle for the action bar.  `getSupportActionBar()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
-        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
-
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warning later that the action bar might be null.
-        assert actionBar != null;
+        // Get a handle for the app bar layout.
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
 
         // Set the homepage, search, and proxy options.
         if (proxyThroughOrbot) {  // Set the Tor options.
@@ -3894,11 +3700,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Set the proxy.  `this` refers to the current activity where an `AlertDialog` might be displayed.
             OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "localhost", "8118");
 
-            // Set the `appBar` background to indicate proxying through Orbot is enabled.
+            // Set the app bar background to indicate proxying through Orbot is enabled.
             if (darkTheme) {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.dark_blue_30));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.dark_blue_30);
             } else {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.blue_50));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.blue_50);
             }
 
             // Check to see if Orbot is ready.
@@ -3910,7 +3716,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
                 // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-                currentWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHtmlString, "text/html", null);
+                currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
             } else if (reloadWebsite) {  // Orbot is ready and the website should be reloaded.
                 // Reload the website.
                 currentWebView.reload();
@@ -3926,11 +3732,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Reset the proxy to default.  The host is `""` and the port is `"0"`.
             OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "", "0");
 
-            // Set the default `appBar` background.
+            // Set the default app bar layout background.
             if (darkTheme) {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_900));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.gray_900);
             } else {
-                actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_100));
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.gray_100);
             }
 
             // Reset `waitingForOrbot.
@@ -4188,7 +3994,66 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         startActivity(openWithBrowserIntent);
     }
 
+    private String sanitizeUrl(String url) {
+        // Sanitize Google Analytics.
+        if (sanitizeGoogleAnalytics) {
+            // Remove `?utm_`.
+            if (url.contains("?utm_")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?utm_"));
+            }
+
+            // Remove `&utm_`.
+            if (url.contains("&utm_")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("&utm_"));
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Sanitize Facebook Click IDs.
+        if (sanitizeFacebookClickIds) {
+            // Remove `?fbclid=`.
+            if (url.contains("?fbclid=")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?fbclid="));
+            }
+
+            // Remove `&fbclid=`.
+            if (url.contains("&fbclid=")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("&fbclid="));
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Sanitize Twitter AMP redirects.
+        if (sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects) {
+            // Remove `?amp=1`.
+            if (url.contains("?amp=1")) {
+                url = url.substring(0, url.indexOf("?amp=1"));
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Return the sanitized URL.
+        return url;
+    }
+
+    public void finishedPopulatingBlocklists(ArrayList<ArrayList<List<String[]>>> combinedBlocklists) {
+        // Store the blocklists.
+        easyList = combinedBlocklists.get(0);
+        easyPrivacy = combinedBlocklists.get(1);
+        fanboysAnnoyanceList = combinedBlocklists.get(2);
+        fanboysSocialList = combinedBlocklists.get(3);
+        ultraPrivacy = combinedBlocklists.get(4);
+
+        // Add the first tab.
+        addNewTab("");
+    }
+
     public void addTab(View view) {
+        // Add a new tab with a blank URL.
+        addNewTab("");
+    }
+
+    private void addNewTab(String url) {
+        // Sanitize the URL.
+        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
+
         // Get a handle for the tab layout and the view pager.
         TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
         ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
@@ -4206,10 +4071,221 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         assert newTab != null;
 
         // Set a custom view on the new tab.
-        newTab.setCustomView(R.layout.custom_tab_view);
+        newTab.setCustomView(R.layout.tab_custom_view);
 
         // Add the new WebView page.
-        webViewPagerAdapter.addPage(newTabNumber, webViewPager);
+        webViewPagerAdapter.addPage(newTabNumber, webViewPager, url);
+    }
+
+    public void closeTab(View view) {
+        // Get a handle for the tab layout.
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+
+        // Run the command according to the number of tabs.
+        if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There is more than one tab open.
+            // Close the current tab.
+            closeCurrentTab();
+        } else {  // There is only one tab open.
+            clearAndExit();
+        }
+    }
+
+    private void closeCurrentTab() {
+        // Get handles for the views.
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+
+        // Get the current tab number.
+        int currentTabNumber = tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition();
+
+        // Delete the current tab.
+        tabLayout.removeTabAt(currentTabNumber);
+
+        // Delete the current page.  If the selected page number did not change during the delete, it will return true, meaning that the current WebView must be reset.
+        if (webViewPagerAdapter.deletePage(currentTabNumber, webViewPager)) {
+            setCurrentWebView(currentTabNumber);
+        }
+
+        // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
+        appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
+    }
+
+    private void clearAndExit() {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
+        bookmarksCursor.close();
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
+
+        // Get the status of the clear everything preference.
+        boolean clearEverything = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_everything", true);
+
+        // Get a handle for the runtime.
+        Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+
+        // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`,
+        // which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+        String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
+        // Clear cookies.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cookies", true)) {
+            // The command to remove cookies changed slightly in API 21.
+            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookies(null);
+            } else {
+                CookieManager.getInstance().removeAllCookie();
+            }
+
+            // Manually delete the cookies database, as `CookieManager` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // Two commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                Process deleteCookiesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies");
+                Process deleteCookiesJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies-journal");
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteCookiesProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteCookiesJournalProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear DOM storage.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_dom_storage", true)) {
+            // Ask `WebStorage` to clear the DOM storage.
+            WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
+            webStorage.deleteAllData();
+
+            // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories, as `WebStorage` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
+
+                // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+                Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
+                Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
+                Process deleteDatabaseProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteDatabaseProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear form data if the API < 26.
+        if ((Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) && (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_form_data", true))) {
+            WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
+            webViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+
+            // Manually delete the form data database, as `WebViewDatabase` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
+            try {
+                // A string array must be used because the database contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not otherwise escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteWebDataProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data"});
+                Process deleteWebDataJournalProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-f", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Web Data-journal"});
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteWebDataProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteWebDataJournalProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear the cache.
+        if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cache", true)) {
+            // Clear the cache from each WebView.
+            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+
+                // Get the fragment view.
+                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+
+                // Only clear the cache if the WebView exists.
+                if (fragmentView != null) {
+                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+
+                    // Clear the cache for this WebView.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.clearCache(true);
+                }
+            }
+
+            // Manually delete the cache directories.
+            try {
+                // Delete the main cache directory.
+                Process deleteCacheProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
+
+                // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
+                // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                Process deleteServiceWorkerProcess = runtime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
+
+                // Wait until the processes have finished.
+                deleteCacheProcess.waitFor();
+                deleteServiceWorkerProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Wipe out each WebView.
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+
+            // Only wipe out the WebView if it exists.
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+
+                // Clear SSL certificate preferences for this WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.clearSslPreferences();
+
+                // Clear the back/forward history for this WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.clearHistory();
+
+                // Destroy the internal state of `mainWebView`.
+                nestedScrollWebView.destroy();
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Clear the custom headers.
+        customHeaders.clear();
+
+        // Manually delete the `app_webview` folder, which contains the cookies, DOM storage, form data, and `Service Worker` cache.
+        // See `https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=233826&thanks=233826&ts=1486670530`.
+        if (clearEverything) {
+            try {
+                // Delete the folder.
+                Process deleteAppWebviewProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview");
+
+                // Wait until the process has finished.
+                deleteAppWebviewProcess.waitFor();
+            } catch (Exception exception) {
+                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Close Privacy Browser.  `finishAndRemoveTask` also removes Privacy Browser from the recent app list.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            finishAndRemoveTask();
+        } else {
+            finish();
+        }
+
+        // Remove the terminated program from RAM.  The status code is `0`.
+        System.exit(0);
     }
 
     private void setCurrentWebView(int pageNumber) {
@@ -4224,7 +4300,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
         SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-        //Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
+        // Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
         swipeRefreshLayout.setRefreshing(false);
 
         // Get the WebView tab fragment.
@@ -4233,78 +4309,106 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Get the fragment view.
         View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the fragment view might be null.
-        assert fragmentView != null;
+        // Set the current WebView if the fragment view is not null.
+        if (fragmentView != null) {  // The fragment has been populated.
+            // Store the current WebView.
+            currentWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-        // Store the current WebView.
-        currentWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
-
-        // Update the status of swipe to refresh.
-        if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
-            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) {  // For API >= 23, swipe refresh layout is continuously updated with an on scroll change listener and only enabled if the WebView is scrolled to the top.
-                // Enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled all the way to the top.
+            // Update the status of swipe to refresh.
+            if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
+                // Enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled all the way to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
                 swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
-            } else {
-                // Enable the swipe refresh layout.
-                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
+            } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
+                // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
             }
-        } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
-            // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
-            swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
-        }
 
-        // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
-        CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-        // Set the first-party cookie status.
-        cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(currentWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies());
+            // Set the first-party cookie status.
+            cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(currentWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies());
 
-        // Update the privacy icons.  `true` redraws the icons in the app bar.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+            // Update the privacy icons.  `true` redraws the icons in the app bar.
+            updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-        // Clear the focus from the URL text box.
-        urlEditText.clearFocus();
+            // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+            InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
-        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+            // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+            assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
-        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+            // Get the current URL.
+            String url = currentWebView.getUrl();
 
-        // Hide the soft keyboard.
-        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+            // Update the URL edit text if not loading a new intent.  Otherwise, this will be handled by `onPageStarted()` (if called) and `onPageFinished()`.
+            if (!loadingNewIntent) {  // A new intent is not being loaded.
+                if ((url == null) || url.equals("about:blank")) {  // The WebView is blank.
+                    // Display the hint in the URL edit text.
+                    urlEditText.setText("");
 
-        // Display the current URL in the URL text box.
-        urlEditText.setText(currentWebView.getUrl());
+                    // Request focus for the URL text box.
+                    urlEditText.requestFocus();
 
-        // Highlight the URL text.
-        highlightUrlText();
+                    // Display the keyboard.
+                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlEditText, 0);
+                } else {  // The WebView has a loaded URL.
+                    // Clear the focus from the URL text box.
+                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
 
-        // Set the background to indicate the domain settings status.
-        if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {
-            // Set a green background on the URL relative layout to indicate that custom domain settings are being used. The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
-            if (darkTheme) {
-                urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_dark_blue));
+                    // Hide the soft keyboard.
+                    inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+
+                    // Display the current URL in the URL text box.
+                    urlEditText.setText(url);
+
+                    // Highlight the URL text.
+                    highlightUrlText();
+                }
+            } else {  // A new intent is being loaded.
+                // Reset the loading new intent tracker.
+                loadingNewIntent = false;
+            }
+
+            // Set the background to indicate the domain settings status.
+            if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {
+                // Set a green background on the URL relative layout to indicate that custom domain settings are being used. The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_dark_blue));
+                } else {
+                    urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_light_green));
+                }
             } else {
-                urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_light_green));
+                urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
             }
-        } else {
-            urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
+        } else {  // The fragment has not been populated.  Try again in 100 milliseconds.
+            // Create a handler to set the current WebView.
+            Handler setCurrentWebViewHandler = new Handler();
+
+            // Create a runnable to set the current WebView.
+            Runnable setCurrentWebWebRunnable = () -> {
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(pageNumber);
+            };
+
+            // Try setting the current WebView again after 100 milliseconds.
+            setCurrentWebViewHandler.postDelayed(setCurrentWebWebRunnable, 100);
         }
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void initializeWebView(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, int pageNumber, ProgressBar progressBar) {
+    public void initializeWebView(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, int pageNumber, ProgressBar progressBar, String url) {
         // Get handles for the activity views.
         FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
         DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
         RelativeLayout mainContentRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.main_content_relativelayout);
         ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
         EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
         TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
         SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-        // Remove the incorrect lint warnings below that the some of the views might be null.
+        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
         assert actionBar != null;
 
         // Get a handle for the activity
@@ -4313,15 +4417,15 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Get a handle for the input method manager.
         InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
+        // Instantiate the blocklist helper.
+        BlocklistHelper blocklistHelper = new BlocklistHelper();
+
         // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
         assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Get the relevant preferences.
-        boolean downloadWithExternalApp = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false);
-
         // Initialize the favorite icon.
         nestedScrollWebView.initializeFavoriteIcon();
 
@@ -4339,9 +4443,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setMixedContentMode(WebSettings.MIXED_CONTENT_NEVER_ALLOW);
         }
 
-        // Set the WebView to use a wide viewport.  Otherwise, some web pages will be scrunched and some content will render outside the screen.
-        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
-
         // Set the WebView to load in overview mode (zoomed out to the maximum width).
         nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadWithOverviewMode(true);
 
@@ -4359,9 +4460,25 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                     // Toggle the full screen browsing mode.
                     if (inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Switch to full screen mode.
+                        // Store the swipe refresh layout top padding.
+                        swipeRefreshLayoutPaddingTop = swipeRefreshLayout.getPaddingTop();
+
                         // Hide the app bar if specified.
                         if (hideAppBar) {
+                            // Close the find on page bar if it is visible.
+                            closeFindOnPage(null);
+
+                            // Hide the tab linear layout.
+                            tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+
+                            // Hide the action bar.
                             actionBar.hide();
+
+                            // Check to see if app bar scrolling is disabled.
+                            if (!scrollAppBar) {
+                                // Remove the padding from the top of the swipe refresh layout.
+                                swipeRefreshLayout.setPadding(0, 0, 0, 0);
+                            }
                         }
 
                         // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
@@ -4381,9 +4498,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
                                 View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
                     } else {  // Switch to normal viewing mode.
-                        // Show the app bar.
+                        // Show the tab linear layout.
+                        tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+                        // Show the action bar.
                         actionBar.show();
 
+                        // Check to see if app bar scrolling is disabled.
+                        if (!scrollAppBar) {
+                            // Add the padding from the top of the swipe refresh layout.
+                            swipeRefreshLayout.setPadding(0, swipeRefreshLayoutPaddingTop, 0, 0);
+                        }
+
                         // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
                         if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
                             // Reload the ad.
@@ -4418,14 +4544,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         registerForContextMenu(nestedScrollWebView);
 
         // Allow the downloading of files.
-        nestedScrollWebView.setDownloadListener((String url, String userAgent, String contentDisposition, String mimetype, long contentLength) -> {
+        nestedScrollWebView.setDownloadListener((String downloadUrl, String userAgent, String contentDisposition, String mimetype, long contentLength) -> {
             // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-            if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
                 // Create a download intent.  Not specifying the action type will display the maximum number of options.
                 Intent downloadIntent = new Intent();
 
                 // Set the URI and the MIME type.  Specifying `text/html` displays a good number of options.
-                downloadIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(url), "text/html");
+                downloadIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(downloadUrl), "text/html");
 
                 // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
                 downloadIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
@@ -4438,7 +4564,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
 
                     // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
-                    downloadUrl = url;
+                    this.downloadUrl = downloadUrl;
                     downloadContentDisposition = contentDisposition;
                     downloadContentLength = contentLength;
 
@@ -4455,7 +4581,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     }
                 } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
                     // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
-                    DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(url, contentDisposition, contentLength);
+                    DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, contentDisposition, contentLength);
 
                     // Show the download file alert dialog.
                     downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
@@ -4486,15 +4612,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
         });
 
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) {
-            nestedScrollWebView.setOnScrollChangeListener((View v, int scrollX, int scrollY, int oldScrollX, int oldScrollY) -> {
-                // Update the status of swipe to refresh if it is enabled.
-                if (nestedScrollWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {
-                    // Only enable swipe to refresh if the WebView is scrolled to the top.
-                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(scrollY == 0);
-                }
-            });
-        }
+        // Update the status of swipe to refresh based on the scroll position of the nested scroll WebView.
+        // Once the minimum API >= 23 this can be replaced with `nestedScrollWebView.setOnScrollChangeListener()`.
+        nestedScrollWebView.getViewTreeObserver().addOnScrollChangedListener(() -> {
+            if (nestedScrollWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {
+                // Only enable swipe to refresh if the WebView is scrolled to the top.
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(nestedScrollWebView.getScrollY() == 0);
+            }
+        });
 
         // Set the web chrome client.
         nestedScrollWebView.setWebChromeClient(new WebChromeClient() {
@@ -4502,7 +4627,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             @Override
             public void onProgressChanged(WebView view, int progress) {
                 // Inject the night mode CSS if night mode is enabled.
-                if (nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {
+                if (nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {  // Night mode is enabled.
                     // `background-color: #212121` sets the background to be dark gray.  `color: #BDBDBD` sets the text color to be light gray.  `box-shadow: none` removes a lower underline on links
                     // used by WordPress.  `text-decoration: none` removes all text underlines.  `text-shadow: none` removes text shadows, which usually have a hard coded color.
                     // `border: none` removes all borders, which can also be used to underline text.  `a {color: #1565C0}` sets links to be a dark blue.
@@ -4521,9 +4646,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             }
                         };
 
-                        // Displaying of `mainWebView` after 500 milliseconds.
+                        // Display the WebView after 500 milliseconds.
                         displayWebViewHandler.postDelayed(displayWebViewRunnable, 500);
                     });
+                } else {  // Night mode is disabled.
+                    // Display the nested scroll WebView if night mode is disabled.
+                    // Because of a race condition between `applyDomainSettings` and `onPageStarted`,
+                    // when night mode is set by domain settings the WebView may be hidden even if night mode is not currently enabled.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                 }
 
                 // Update the progress bar.
@@ -4537,13 +4667,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Hide the progress bar.
                     progressBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-                    // Display the nested scroll WebView if night mode is disabled.
-                    // Because of a race condition between `applyDomainSettings` and `onPageStarted`,
-                    // when night mode is set by domain settings the WebView may be hidden even if night mode is not currently enabled.
-                    if (!nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {
-                        nestedScrollWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-                    }
-
                     //Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
                     swipeRefreshLayout.setRefreshing(false);
                 }
@@ -4563,20 +4686,20 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Get the current tab.
                     TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(currentPosition);
 
-                    // Remove the lint warning below that the current tab might be null.
-                    assert tab != null;
+                    // Check to see if the tab has been populated.
+                    if (tab != null) {
+                        // Get the custom view from the tab.
+                        View tabView = tab.getCustomView();
 
-                    // Get the custom view from the tab.
-                    View tabView = tab.getCustomView();
-
-                    // Remove the incorrect warning below that the current tab view might be null.
-                    assert tabView != null;
-
-                    // Get the favorite icon image view from the tab.
-                    ImageView tabFavoriteIconImageView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon_imageview);
+                        // Check to see if the custom tab view has been populated.
+                        if (tabView != null) {
+                            // Get the favorite icon image view from the tab.
+                            ImageView tabFavoriteIconImageView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon_imageview);
 
-                    // Display the favorite icon in the tab.
-                    tabFavoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(icon, 64, 64, true));
+                            // Display the favorite icon in the tab.
+                            tabFavoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(icon, 64, 64, true));
+                        }
+                    }
                 }
             }
 
@@ -4600,8 +4723,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Get the title text view from the tab.
                     TextView tabTitleTextView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
 
-                    // Set the title as the tab text.
-                    tabTitleTextView.setText(title);
+                    // Set the title according to the URL.
+                    if (title.equals("about:blank")) {
+                        // Set the title to indicate a new tab.
+                        tabTitleTextView.setText(R.string.new_tab);
+                    } else {
+                        // Set the title as the tab text.
+                        tabTitleTextView.setText(title);
+                    }
                 }
             }
 
@@ -4672,10 +4801,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Show the main content relative layout.
                 mainContentRelativeLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-                // Apply the appropriate full screen mode the `SYSTEM_UI` flags.
+                // Apply the appropriate full screen mode flags.
                 if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
                     // Hide the app bar if specified.
                     if (hideAppBar) {
+                        // Hide the tab linear layout.
+                        tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+
+                        // Hide the action bar.
                         actionBar.hide();
                     }
 
@@ -4731,9 +4864,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         nestedScrollWebView.setWebViewClient(new WebViewClient() {
             // `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` makes this `WebView` the default handler for URLs inside the app, so that links are not kicked out to other apps.
             // The deprecated `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` must be used until API >= 24.
-            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
             @Override
             public boolean shouldOverrideUrlLoading(WebView view, String url) {
+                // Sanitize the url.
+                url = sanitizeUrl(url);
+
                 if (url.startsWith("http")) {  // Load the URL in Privacy Browser.
                     // Apply the domain settings for the new URL.  This doesn't do anything if the domain has not changed.
                     boolean userAgentChanged = applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, url, true, false);
@@ -4805,9 +4940,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
 
             // Check requests against the block lists.  The deprecated `shouldInterceptRequest()` must be used until minimum API >= 21.
-            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
             @Override
             public WebResourceResponse shouldInterceptRequest(WebView view, String url) {
+                // Sanitize the URL.
+                url = sanitizeUrl(url);
+
                 // Get a handle for the navigation view.
                 NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
 
@@ -4815,7 +4952,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
 
                 // Get a handle for the navigation requests menu item.  The menu is 0 based.
-                MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(6);
+                MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
 
                 // Create an empty web resource response to be used if the resource request is blocked.
                 WebResourceResponse emptyWebResourceResponse = new WebResourceResponse("text/plain", "utf8", new ByteArrayInputStream("".getBytes()));
@@ -4868,7 +5005,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Block third-party requests if enabled.
                 if (isThirdPartyRequest && nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS)) {
                     // Add the result to the resource requests.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[]{BlockListHelper.REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY, url});
+                    nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[]{BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY, url});
 
                     // Increment the blocked requests counters.
                     nestedScrollWebView.incrementRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS);
@@ -4880,9 +5017,13 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
                             // Update the menu item titles.
                             navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                            blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS) + " - " +
-                                    getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
+
+                            // Update the options menu if it has been populated.
+                            if (optionsMenu != null) {
+                                optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.blocklists).setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+                                optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests).setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS) + " - " +
+                                        getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
+                            }
                         });
                     }
 
@@ -4893,10 +5034,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check UltraPrivacy if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY)) {
                     // Check the URL against UltraPrivacy.
-                    String[] ultraPrivacyResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, ultraPrivacy);
+                    String[] ultraPrivacyResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, ultraPrivacy);
 
                     // Process the UltraPrivacy results.
-                    if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's blacklist.
+                    if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {ultraPrivacyResults[0], ultraPrivacyResults[1], ultraPrivacyResults[2], ultraPrivacyResults[3], ultraPrivacyResults[4],
                                 ultraPrivacyResults[5]});
@@ -4911,14 +5052,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
                                 // Update the menu item titles.
                                 navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
+
+                                // Update the options menu if it has been populated.
+                                if (optionsMenu != null) {
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.blocklists).setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy).setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
+                                }
                             });
                         }
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's whitelist.
+                    } else if (ultraPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched UltraPrivacy's whitelist.
                         // Add a whitelist entry to the resource requests array.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {ultraPrivacyResults[0], ultraPrivacyResults[1], ultraPrivacyResults[2], ultraPrivacyResults[3], ultraPrivacyResults[4],
                                 ultraPrivacyResults[5]});
@@ -4931,10 +5076,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check EasyList if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST)) {
                     // Check the URL against EasyList.
-                    String[] easyListResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyList);
+                    String[] easyListResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyList);
 
                     // Process the EasyList results.
-                    if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's blacklist.
+                    if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {easyListResults[0], easyListResults[1], easyListResults[2], easyListResults[3], easyListResults[4], easyListResults[5]});
 
@@ -4948,14 +5093,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
                                 // Update the menu item titles.
                                 navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                easyListMenuItem.setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
+
+                                // Update the options menu if it has been populated.
+                                if (optionsMenu != null) {
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.blocklists).setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.easylist).setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
+                                }
                             });
                         }
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's whitelist.
+                    } else if (easyListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyList's whitelist.
                         // Update the whitelist result string array tracker.
                         whitelistResultStringArray = new String[] {easyListResults[0], easyListResults[1], easyListResults[2], easyListResults[3], easyListResults[4], easyListResults[5]};
                     }
@@ -4964,10 +5113,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check EasyPrivacy if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY)) {
                     // Check the URL against EasyPrivacy.
-                    String[] easyPrivacyResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyPrivacy);
+                    String[] easyPrivacyResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyPrivacy);
 
                     // Process the EasyPrivacy results.
-                    if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's blacklist.
+                    if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {easyPrivacyResults[0], easyPrivacyResults[1], easyPrivacyResults[2], easyPrivacyResults[3], easyPrivacyResults[4],
                                 easyPrivacyResults[5]});
@@ -4982,14 +5131,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
                                 // Update the menu item titles.
                                 navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
+
+                                // Update the options menu if it has been populated.
+                                if (optionsMenu != null) {
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.blocklists).setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy).setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
+                                }
                             });
                         }
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's whitelist.
+                    } else if (easyPrivacyResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched EasyPrivacy's whitelist.
                         // Update the whitelist result string array tracker.
                         whitelistResultStringArray = new String[] {easyPrivacyResults[0], easyPrivacyResults[1], easyPrivacyResults[2], easyPrivacyResults[3], easyPrivacyResults[4], easyPrivacyResults[5]};
                     }
@@ -4998,10 +5151,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Check Fanboy’s Annoyance List if it is enabled.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST)) {
                     // Check the URL against Fanboy's Annoyance List.
-                    String[] fanboysAnnoyanceListResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysAnnoyanceList);
+                    String[] fanboysAnnoyanceListResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysAnnoyanceList);
 
                     // Process the Fanboy's Annoyance List results.
-                    if (fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Annoyance List's blacklist.
+                    if (fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Annoyance List's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[1], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[2], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[3],
                                 fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[4], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[5]});
@@ -5016,25 +5169,29 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
                                 // Update the menu item titles.
                                 navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST) + " - " +
-                                        getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
+
+                                // Update the options menu if it has been populated.
+                                if (optionsMenu != null) {
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.blocklists).setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list).setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST) + " - " +
+                                            getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
+                                }
                             });
                         }
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)){  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Annoyance List's whitelist.
+                    } else if (fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)){  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Annoyance List's whitelist.
                         // Update the whitelist result string array tracker.
                         whitelistResultStringArray = new String[] {fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[0], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[1], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[2], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[3],
                                 fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[4], fanboysAnnoyanceListResults[5]};
                     }
                 } else if (nestedScrollWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST)) {  // Only check Fanboy’s Social Blocking List if Fanboy’s Annoyance List is disabled.
                     // Check the URL against Fanboy's Annoyance List.
-                    String[] fanboysSocialListResults = blockListHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysSocialList);
+                    String[] fanboysSocialListResults = blocklistHelper.checkBlocklist(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysSocialList);
 
                     // Process the Fanboy's Social Blocking List results.
-                    if (fanboysSocialListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Social Blocking List's blacklist.
+                    if (fanboysSocialListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_BLOCKED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Social Blocking List's blacklist.
                         // Add the result to the resource requests.
                         nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[] {fanboysSocialListResults[0], fanboysSocialListResults[1], fanboysSocialListResults[2], fanboysSocialListResults[3],
                                 fanboysSocialListResults[4], fanboysSocialListResults[5]});
@@ -5049,15 +5206,19 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
                                 // Update the menu item titles.
                                 navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
-                                fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST) + " - " +
-                                        getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
+
+                                // Update the options menu if it has been populated.
+                                if (optionsMenu != null) {
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.blocklists).setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+                                    optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list).setTitle(nestedScrollWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST) + " - " +
+                                            getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
+                                }
                             });
                         }
 
                         // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
                         return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    } else if (fanboysSocialListResults[0].equals(BlockListHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Social Blocking List's whitelist.
+                    } else if (fanboysSocialListResults[0].equals(BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_ALLOWED)) {  // The resource request matched Fanboy's Social Blocking List's whitelist.
                         // Update the whitelist result string array tracker.
                         whitelistResultStringArray = new String[] {fanboysSocialListResults[0], fanboysSocialListResults[1], fanboysSocialListResults[2], fanboysSocialListResults[3],
                                 fanboysSocialListResults[4], fanboysSocialListResults[5]};
@@ -5068,7 +5229,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 if (whitelistResultStringArray != null) {  // The request was processed by a whitelist.
                     nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(whitelistResultStringArray);
                 } else {  // The request didn't match any blocklist entry.  Log it as a default request.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[]{BlockListHelper.REQUEST_DEFAULT, url});
+                    nestedScrollWebView.addResourceRequest(new String[]{BlocklistHelper.REQUEST_DEFAULT, url});
                 }
 
                 // The resource request has not been blocked.  `return null` loads the requested resource.
@@ -5078,19 +5239,43 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Handle HTTP authentication requests.
             @Override
             public void onReceivedHttpAuthRequest(WebView view, HttpAuthHandler handler, String host, String realm) {
-                // Store `handler` so it can be accessed from `onHttpAuthenticationCancel()` and `onHttpAuthenticationProceed()`.
-                httpAuthHandler = handler;
+                // Store the handler.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setHttpAuthHandler(handler);
+
+                // Instantiate an HTTP authentication dialog.
+                DialogFragment httpAuthenticationDialogFragment = HttpAuthenticationDialog.displayDialog(host, realm, nestedScrollWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-                // Display the HTTP authentication dialog.
-                DialogFragment httpAuthenticationDialogFragment = HttpAuthenticationDialog.displayDialog(host, realm);
+                // Show the HTTP authentication dialog.
                 httpAuthenticationDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.http_authentication));
             }
 
             @Override
             public void onPageStarted(WebView view, String url, Bitmap favicon) {
-                // Get the theme preference.
+                // Get the preferences.
+                boolean scrollAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true);
                 boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
+                // Get a handler for the app bar layout.
+                AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
+
+                // Set the top padding of the swipe refresh layout according to the app bar scrolling preference.
+                if (scrollAppBar) {
+                    // No padding is needed because it will automatically be placed below the app bar layout due to the scrolling layout behavior.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setPadding(0, 0, 0, 0);
+
+                    // The swipe to refresh circle doesn't always hide itself completely unless it is moved up 10 pixels.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressViewOffset(false, defaultProgressViewStartOffset - 10, defaultProgressViewEndOffset);
+                } else {
+                    // Get the app bar layout height.  This can't be done in `applyAppSettings()` because the app bar is not yet populated.
+                    int appBarHeight = appBarLayout.getHeight();
+
+                    // The swipe refresh layout must be manually moved below the app bar layout.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setPadding(0, appBarHeight, 0, 0);
+
+                    // The swipe to refresh circle doesn't always hide itself completely unless it is moved up 10 pixels.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressViewOffset(false, defaultProgressViewStartOffset - 10 + appBarHeight, defaultProgressViewEndOffset + appBarHeight);
+                }
+
                 // Reset the list of resource requests.
                 nestedScrollWebView.clearResourceRequests();
 
@@ -5100,6 +5285,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // If night mode is enabled, hide `mainWebView` until after the night mode CSS is applied.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {
                     nestedScrollWebView.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
+                } else {
+                    nestedScrollWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                 }
 
                 // Hide the keyboard.
@@ -5107,11 +5294,20 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Check to see if Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot.
                 if (!waitingForOrbot) {  // Process the URL.
-                    // Display the formatted URL text.
-                    urlEditText.setText(url);
+                    // Get the current page position.
+                    int currentPagePosition = webViewPagerAdapter.getPositionForId(nestedScrollWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-                    // Apply text highlighting to `urlTextBox`.
-                    highlightUrlText();
+                    // Update the URL text bar if the page is currently selected.
+                    if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() == currentPagePosition) {
+                        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.
+                        urlEditText.clearFocus();
+
+                        // Display the formatted URL text.
+                        urlEditText.setText(url);
+
+                        // Apply text highlighting to `urlTextBox`.
+                        highlightUrlText();
+                    }
 
                     // Reset the list of host IP addresses.
                     nestedScrollWebView.clearCurrentIpAddresses();
@@ -5123,20 +5319,20 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     new GetHostIpAddresses(activity, getSupportFragmentManager(), nestedScrollWebView).execute(currentUri.getHost());
 
                     // Apply any custom domain settings if the URL was loaded by navigating history.
-                    if (navigatingHistory) {
+                    if (nestedScrollWebView.getNavigatingHistory()) {
+                        // Reset navigating history.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setNavigatingHistory(false);
+
                         // Apply the domain settings.
                         boolean userAgentChanged = applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, url, true, false);
 
-                        // Reset `navigatingHistory`.
-                        navigatingHistory = false;
-
                         // Manually load the URL if the user agent has changed, which will have caused the previous URL to be reloaded.
                         if (userAgentChanged) {
                             loadUrl(url);
                         }
                     }
 
-                    // Replace Refresh with Stop if the options menu has been created.  (The WebView typically begins loading before the menu items are instantiated.)
+                    // Replace Refresh with Stop if the options menu has been created.  (The first WebView typically begins loading before the menu items are instantiated.)
                     if (optionsMenu != null) {
                         // Get a handle for the refresh menu item.
                         MenuItem refreshMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
@@ -5161,12 +5357,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
             @Override
             public void onPageFinished(WebView view, String url) {
-                // Reset the wide view port if it has been turned off by the waiting for Orbot message.
-                if (!waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Only use a wide view port if the URL starts with `http`, not for `file://` and `content://`.
-                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(url.startsWith("http"));
-                }
-
                 // Flush any cookies to persistent storage.  The cookie manager has become very lazy about flushing cookies in recent versions.
                 if (nestedScrollWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies() && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
                     CookieManager.getInstance().flush();
@@ -5204,6 +5394,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                     // Manually delete cache folders.
                     try {
+                        // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`,
+                        // which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+                        String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
                         // Delete the main cache directory.
                         Runtime.getRuntime().exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
 
@@ -5217,37 +5411,75 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Update the URL text box and apply domain settings if not waiting on Orbot.
                 if (!waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Check to see if `WebView` has set `url` to be `about:blank`.
-                    if (url.equals("about:blank")) {  // The WebView is blank.
-                        // Display the hint in the URL edit text.
-                        urlEditText.setText("");
+                    // Get the current page position.
+                    int currentPagePosition = webViewPagerAdapter.getPositionForId(nestedScrollWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
+
+                    // Check the current website information against any pinned domain information if the current IP addresses have been loaded.
+                    if ((nestedScrollWebView.hasPinnedSslCertificate() || nestedScrollWebView.hasPinnedIpAddresses()) && nestedScrollWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses() &&
+                            !nestedScrollWebView.ignorePinnedDomainInformation()) {
+                        CheckPinnedMismatchHelper.checkPinnedMismatch(getSupportFragmentManager(), nestedScrollWebView);
+                    }
+
+                    // Get the current URL from the nested scroll WebView.  This is more accurate than using the URL passed into the method, which is sometimes not the final one.
+                    String currentUrl = nestedScrollWebView.getUrl();
+
+                    // Get the current tab.
+                    TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(currentPagePosition);
 
-                        // Request focus for `urlTextBox`.
-                        urlEditText.requestFocus();
+                    // Update the URL text bar if the page is currently selected and the user is not currently typing in the URL edit text.
+                    // Crash records show that, in some crazy way, it is possible for the current URL to be blank at this point.
+                    // Probably some sort of race condition when Privacy Browser is being resumed.
+                    if ((tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() == currentPagePosition) && !urlEditText.hasFocus() && (currentUrl != null)) {
+                        // Check to see if the URL is `about:blank`.
+                        if (currentUrl.equals("about:blank")) {  // The WebView is blank.
+                            // Display the hint in the URL edit text.
+                            urlEditText.setText("");
 
-                        // Display the keyboard.
-                        inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlEditText, 0);
+                            // Request focus for the URL text box.
+                            urlEditText.requestFocus();
 
-                        // Hide the WebView, which causes the default background color to be displayed according to the theme.
-                        nestedScrollWebView.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+                            // Display the keyboard.
+                            inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlEditText, 0);
 
-                        // Apply the domain settings.  This clears any settings from the previous domain.
-                        applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, "", true, false);
-                    } else {  // The WebView has loaded a webpage.
-                        // Only update the URL text box if the user is not typing in it.
-                        if (!urlEditText.hasFocus()) {
-                            // Display the final URL.  Getting the URL from the WebView instead of using the one provided by `onPageFinished` makes websites like YouTube function correctly.
-                            urlEditText.setText(nestedScrollWebView.getUrl());
+                            // Apply the domain settings.  This clears any settings from the previous domain.
+                            applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, "", true, false);
 
-                            // Apply text highlighting to `urlTextBox`.
+                            // Only populate the title text view if the tab has been fully created.
+                            if (tab != null) {
+                                // Get the custom view from the tab.
+                                View tabView = tab.getCustomView();
+
+                                // Remove the incorrect warning below that the current tab view might be null.
+                                assert tabView != null;
+
+                                // Get the title text view from the tab.
+                                TextView tabTitleTextView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
+
+                                // Set the title as the tab text.
+                                tabTitleTextView.setText(R.string.new_tab);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The WebView has loaded a webpage.
+                            // Display the final URL.  Getting the URL from the WebView instead of using the one provided by `onPageFinished()` makes websites like YouTube function correctly.
+                            urlEditText.setText(currentUrl);
+
+                            // Apply text highlighting to the URL.
                             highlightUrlText();
-                        }
-                    }
 
-                    // Check the current website information against any pinned domain information if the current IP addresses have been loaded.
-                    if ((nestedScrollWebView.hasPinnedSslCertificate() || nestedScrollWebView.hasPinnedIpAddresses()) && nestedScrollWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses() &&
-                            !nestedScrollWebView.ignorePinnedDomainInformation()) {
-                        CheckPinnedMismatchHelper.checkPinnedMismatch(getSupportFragmentManager(), nestedScrollWebView);
+                            // Only populate the title text view if the tab has been fully created.
+                            if (tab != null) {
+                                // Get the custom view from the tab.
+                                View tabView = tab.getCustomView();
+
+                                // Remove the incorrect warning below that the current tab view might be null.
+                                assert tabView != null;
+
+                                // Get the title text view from the tab.
+                                TextView tabTitleTextView = tabView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
+
+                                // Set the title as the tab text.  Sometimes `onReceivedTitle()` is not called, especially when navigating history.
+                                tabTitleTextView.setText(nestedScrollWebView.getTitle());
+                            }
+                        }
                     }
                 }
             }
@@ -5287,11 +5519,13 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         handler.proceed();
                     }
                 } else {  // Either there isn't a pinned SSL certificate or it doesn't match the current website certificate.
-                    // Store `handler` so it can be accesses from `onSslErrorCancel()` and `onSslErrorProceed()`.
-                    sslErrorHandler = handler;  // TODO.  We need to pass this in instead of using a static variable.  Because multiple could be displayed at once from different tabs.
+                    // Store the SSL error handler.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.setSslErrorHandler(handler);
 
-                    // Display the SSL error `AlertDialog`.
-                    DialogFragment sslCertificateErrorDialogFragment = SslCertificateErrorDialog.displayDialog(error);
+                    // Instantiate an SSL certificate error alert dialog.
+                    DialogFragment sslCertificateErrorDialogFragment = SslCertificateErrorDialog.displayDialog(error, nestedScrollWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
+
+                    // Show the SSL certificate error dialog.
                     sslCertificateErrorDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ssl_certificate_error));
                 }
             }
@@ -5342,6 +5576,30 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     }
                 }
             }
+        } else {  // This is not the first tab.
+            // Apply the domain settings.
+            applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, url, false, false);
+
+            // Load the URL.
+            nestedScrollWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
+
+            // Set the focus and display the keyboard if the URL is blank.
+            if (url.equals("")) {
+                // Request focus for the URL text box.
+                urlEditText.requestFocus();
+
+                // Create a display keyboard handler.
+                Handler displayKeyboardHandler = new Handler();
+
+                // Create a display keyboard runnable.
+                Runnable displayKeyboardRunnable = () -> {
+                    // Display the keyboard.
+                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlEditText, 0);
+                };
+
+                // Display the keyboard after 100 milliseconds, which leaves enough time for the tab to transition.
+                displayKeyboardHandler.postDelayed(displayKeyboardRunnable, 100);
+            }
         }
     }
 }
\ No newline at end of file