Speed up the initial loading of Privacy Browser.
[PrivacyBrowser.git] / app / src / main / java / com / stoutner / privacybrowser / activities / MainWebViewActivity.java
index 03bf85e..895f20a 100644 (file)
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 /*
- * Copyright © 2015-2018 Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+ * Copyright © 2015-2019 Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
  *
  * Download cookie code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
  *
@@ -24,8 +24,8 @@ package com.stoutner.privacybrowser.activities;
 import android.Manifest;
 import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
 import android.app.Activity;
-import android.app.DialogFragment;
 import android.app.DownloadManager;
+import android.app.SearchManager;
 import android.content.ActivityNotFoundException;
 import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
 import android.content.ClipData;
@@ -52,25 +52,6 @@ import android.os.Handler;
 import android.preference.PreferenceManager;
 import android.print.PrintDocumentAdapter;
 import android.print.PrintManager;
-import android.support.annotation.NonNull;
-import android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout;
-import android.support.design.widget.FloatingActionButton;
-import android.support.design.widget.NavigationView;
-import android.support.design.widget.Snackbar;
-import android.support.v4.app.ActivityCompat;
-import android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
-// `ShortcutInfoCompat`, `ShortcutManagerCompat`, and `IconCompat` can be switched to the non-compat version once API >= 26.
-import android.support.v4.content.pm.ShortcutInfoCompat;
-import android.support.v4.content.pm.ShortcutManagerCompat;
-import android.support.v4.graphics.drawable.IconCompat;
-import android.support.v4.view.GravityCompat;
-import android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout;
-import android.support.v4.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout;
-import android.support.v7.app.ActionBar;
-import android.support.v7.app.ActionBarDrawerToggle;
-import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
-import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatDialogFragment;
-import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;
 import android.text.Editable;
 import android.text.Spanned;
 import android.text.TextWatcher;
@@ -90,9 +71,9 @@ import android.webkit.CookieManager;
 import android.webkit.HttpAuthHandler;
 import android.webkit.SslErrorHandler;
 import android.webkit.ValueCallback;
-import android.webkit.WebBackForwardList;
 import android.webkit.WebChromeClient;
 import android.webkit.WebResourceResponse;
+import android.webkit.WebSettings;
 import android.webkit.WebStorage;
 import android.webkit.WebView;
 import android.webkit.WebViewClient;
@@ -109,27 +90,53 @@ import android.widget.RadioButton;
 import android.widget.RelativeLayout;
 import android.widget.TextView;
 
+import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
+import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBar;
+import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBarDrawerToggle;
+import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
+import androidx.appcompat.widget.Toolbar;
+import androidx.coordinatorlayout.widget.CoordinatorLayout;
+import androidx.core.app.ActivityCompat;
+import androidx.core.content.ContextCompat;
+import androidx.core.view.GravityCompat;
+import androidx.drawerlayout.widget.DrawerLayout;
+import androidx.fragment.app.DialogFragment;
+import androidx.fragment.app.FragmentManager;
+import androidx.swiperefreshlayout.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout;
+import androidx.viewpager.widget.ViewPager;
+
+import com.google.android.material.appbar.AppBarLayout;
+import com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton;
+import com.google.android.material.navigation.NavigationView;
+import com.google.android.material.snackbar.Snackbar;
+import com.google.android.material.tabs.TabLayout;
+
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.BuildConfig;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.R;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.adapters.WebViewPagerAdapter;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.GetHostIpAddresses;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.asynctasks.PopulateBlocklists;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.AdConsentDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadFileDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadImageDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadLocationPermissionDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.HttpAuthenticationDialog;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.SslCertificateErrorDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.UrlHistoryDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.ViewSslCertificateDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.fragments.WebViewTabFragment;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.AdHelper;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlockListHelper;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlocklistHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BookmarksDatabaseHelper;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.CheckPinnedMismatchHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.DomainsDatabaseHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.OrbotProxyHelper;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadFileDialog;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.SslCertificateErrorDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.views.NestedScrollWebView;
 
 import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
 import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
@@ -150,123 +157,26 @@ import java.util.Set;
 
 // AppCompatActivity from android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity must be used to have access to the SupportActionBar until the minimum API is >= 21.
 public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBookmarkDialog.CreateBookmarkListener, CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.CreateBookmarkFolderListener,
-        CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.CreateHomeScreenShortcutListener, DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener,
-        DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DownloadLocationPermissionDialogListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener, EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener,
-        HttpAuthenticationDialog.HttpAuthenticationListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog.PinnedSslCertificateMismatchListener,
-        SslCertificateErrorDialog.SslCertificateErrorListener, UrlHistoryDialog.UrlHistoryListener {
-
-    // `darkTheme` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.
-    public static boolean darkTheme;
-
-    // `allowScreenshots` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static boolean allowScreenshots;
-
-    // `favoriteIconBitmap` is public static so it can be accessed from `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog`, `BookmarksActivity`, `BookmarksDatabaseViewActivity`, `CreateBookmarkDialog`,
-    // `CreateBookmarkFolderDialog`, `EditBookmarkDialog`, `EditBookmarkFolderDialog`, `EditBookmarkDatabaseViewDialog`, and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`,
-    // `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap;
-
-    // `formattedUrlString` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`, `CreateBookmarkDialog`, and `AddDomainDialog`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    public static String formattedUrlString;
-
-    // `sslCertificate` is public static so it can be accessed from `DomainsActivity`, `DomainsListFragment`, `DomainSettingsFragment`, `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`,
-    // and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static SslCertificate sslCertificate;
+        DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener, DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DownloadLocationPermissionDialogListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener,
+        EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PopulateBlocklists.PopulateBlocklistsListener, WebViewTabFragment.NewTabListener {
 
     // `orbotStatus` is public static so it can be accessed from `OrbotProxyHelper`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     public static String orbotStatus;
 
-    // `webViewTitle` is public static so it can be accessed from `CreateBookmarkDialog` and `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static String webViewTitle;
-
-    // `appliedUserAgentString` is public static so it can be accessed from `ViewSourceActivity`.  It is also used in `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static String appliedUserAgentString;
-
-    // `reloadOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`
-    public static boolean reloadOnRestart;
+    // The WebView pager adapter is accessed from `HttpAuthenticationDialog`, `PinnedMismatchDialog`, and `SslCertificateErrorDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `addTab()`.
+    public static WebViewPagerAdapter webViewPagerAdapter;
 
-    // `reloadUrlOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment` and `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
+    // The load URL on restart variables are public static so they can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  They are used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean loadUrlOnRestart;
+    public static String urlToLoadOnRestart;
 
     // `restartFromBookmarksActivity` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean restartFromBookmarksActivity;
 
-    // The block list versions are public static so they can be accessed from `AboutTabFragment`.  They are also used in `onCreate()`.
-    public static String easyListVersion;
-    public static String easyPrivacyVersion;
-    public static String fanboysAnnoyanceVersion;
-    public static String fanboysSocialVersion;
-    public static String ultraPrivacyVersion;
-
-    // The request items are public static so they can be accessed by `BlockListHelper`, `RequestsArrayAdapter`, and `ViewRequestsDialog`.  They are also used in `onCreate()` and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
-    public static List<String[]> resourceRequests;
-    public static String[] whiteListResultStringArray;
-    private int blockedRequests;
-    private int easyListBlockedRequests;
-    private int easyPrivacyBlockedRequests;
-    private int fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests;
-    private int fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests;
-    private int ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests;
-    private int thirdPartyBlockedRequests;
-
-    public final static int REQUEST_DISPOSITION = 0;
-    public final static int REQUEST_URL = 1;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST = 2;
-    public final static int REQUEST_SUBLIST = 3;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST_ENTRIES = 4;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST_ORIGINAL_ENTRY = 5;
-
-    public final static int REQUEST_DEFAULT = 0;
-    public final static int REQUEST_ALLOWED = 1;
-    public final static int REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY = 2;
-    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKED = 3;
-
-    public final static int MAIN_WHITELIST = 1;
-    public final static int FINAL_WHITELIST = 2;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_WHITELIST = 3;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_INITIAL_WHITELIST = 4;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_FINAL_WHITELIST = 5;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_WHITELIST = 6;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_WHITELIST = 7;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_INITIAL_WHITELIST = 8;
-
-    public final static int MAIN_BLACKLIST = 9;
-    public final static int INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 10;
-    public final static int FINAL_BLACKLIST = 11;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_BLACKLIST = 12;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 13;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_FINAL_BLACKLIST = 14;
-    public final static int DOMAIN_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 15;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_BLACKLIST = 16;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 17;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_BLACKLIST = 18;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 19;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 20;
-    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 21;
-    public final static int REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 22;
-
-    // `blockAllThirdPartyRequests` is public static so it can be accessed from `RequestsActivity`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`
-    public static boolean blockAllThirdPartyRequests;
-
     // `currentBookmarksFolder` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onBackPressed()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`,
     // `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     public static String currentBookmarksFolder;
 
-    // `domainSettingsDatabaseId` is public static so it can be accessed from `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static int domainSettingsDatabaseId;
-
-    // The pinned domain SSL Certificate variables are public static so they can be accessed from `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`.  They are also used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString;
-    public static Date pinnedDomainSslStartDate;
-    public static Date pinnedDomainSslEndDate;
-
     // The user agent constants are public static so they can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`, `DomainsActivity`, and `DomainSettingsFragment`.
     public final static int UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT = -1;
     public final static int SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT = 1;
@@ -276,115 +186,48 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     public final static int DOMAINS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT = 13;
 
 
-    // `appBar` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `applyAppSettings()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private ActionBar appBar;
-
-    // `navigatingHistory` is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean navigatingHistory;
 
-    // `favoriteIconDefaultBitmap` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings`.
-    private Bitmap favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
-
-    // `drawerLayout` is used in `onCreate()`, `onNewIntent()`, `onBackPressed()`, and `onRestart()`.
-    private DrawerLayout drawerLayout;
-
-    // `rootCoordinatorLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private CoordinatorLayout rootCoordinatorLayout;
-
-    // `mainWebView` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `findPreviousOnPage()`,
-    // `findNextOnPage()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private WebView mainWebView;
-
-    // `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `onConfigurationChanged()`.
-    private FrameLayout fullScreenVideoFrameLayout;
-
-    // `swipeRefreshLayout` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onRestart()`.
-    private SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout;
-
-    // `urlAppBarRelativeLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private RelativeLayout urlAppBarRelativeLayout;
-
-    // `favoriteIconImageView` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`
-    private ImageView favoriteIconImageView;
-
-    // `cookieManager` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onDownloadImage()`, `onDownloadFile()`, and `onRestart()`.
-    private CookieManager cookieManager;
+    // The current WebView is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `findPreviousOnPage()`,
+    // `findNextOnPage()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    private NestedScrollWebView currentWebView;
 
     // `customHeader` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `loadUrl()`.
     private final Map<String, String> customHeaders = new HashMap<>();
 
-    // `javaScriptEnabled` is also used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
-    private boolean javaScriptEnabled;
-
-    // `firstPartyCookiesEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onDownloadImage()`, `onDownloadFile()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean firstPartyCookiesEnabled;
-
-    // `thirdPartyCookiesEnabled` used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean thirdPartyCookiesEnabled;
-
-    // `domStorageEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean domStorageEnabled;
-
-    // `saveFormDataEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.  It can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-    private boolean saveFormDataEnabled;
-
-    // `nightMode` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and  `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean nightMode;
-
-    // 'homepage' is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private String homepage;
-
-    // `searchURL` is used in `loadURLFromTextBox()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
+    // The search URL is set in `applyProxyThroughOrbot()` and used in `onCreate()`, `onNewIntent()`, `loadURLFromTextBox()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
     private String searchURL;
 
-    // `mainMenu` is used in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
-    private Menu mainMenu;
-
-    // `refreshMenuItem` is used in `onCreate()` and `onCreateOptionsMenu()`.
-    private MenuItem refreshMenuItem;
+    // The options menu is set in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `updatePrivacyIcons()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
+    private Menu optionsMenu;
 
-    // The blocklist menu items are used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateOptionsMenu()`, and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
-    private MenuItem blocklistsMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem easyListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem ultraPrivacyMenuItem;
-    private MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem;
-
-    // The blocklist variables are used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean easyListEnabled;
-    private boolean easyPrivacyEnabled;
-    private boolean fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled;
-    private boolean fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled;
-    private boolean ultraPrivacyEnabled;
+    // The blocklists are populated in `finishedPopulatingBlocklists()` and accessed from `initializeWebView()`.
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyList;
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyPrivacy;
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysAnnoyanceList;
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysSocialList;
+    private ArrayList<List<String[]>> ultraPrivacy;
 
     // `webViewDefaultUserAgent` is used in `onCreate()` and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
     private String webViewDefaultUserAgent;
 
-    // `defaultCustomUserAgentString` is used in `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private String defaultCustomUserAgentString;
-
-    // `privacyBrowserRuntime` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private Runtime privacyBrowserRuntime;
-
     // `proxyThroughOrbot` is used in `onRestart()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `applyAppSettings()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean proxyThroughOrbot;
 
-    // `incognitoModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // The incognito mode is set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
     private boolean incognitoModeEnabled;
 
-    // `fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // The full screen browsing mode tracker is set it `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
     private boolean fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled;
 
     // `inFullScreenBrowsingMode` is used in `onCreate()`, `onConfigurationChanged()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
     private boolean inFullScreenBrowsingMode;
 
-    // `hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen;
+    // The app bar trackers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private boolean hideAppBar;
+    private boolean scrollAppBar;
 
-    // `translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen;
+    // The loading new intent tracker is set in `onNewIntent()` and used in `setCurrentWebView()`.
+    private boolean loadingNewIntent;
 
     // `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, and `onAddDomain()`, .
     private boolean reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart;
@@ -395,84 +238,29 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `displayingFullScreenVideo` is used in `onCreate()` and `onResume()`.
     private boolean displayingFullScreenVideo;
 
-    // `downloadWithExternalApp` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean downloadWithExternalApp;
-
-    // `currentDomainName` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onAddDomain()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private String currentDomainName;
-
-    // `ignorePinnedSslCertificateForDomain` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslMismatchProceed()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean ignorePinnedSslCertificate;
-
     // `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` is used in `onCreate()` and `onDestroy()`.
     private BroadcastReceiver orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver;
 
     // `waitingForOrbot` is used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean waitingForOrbot;
 
-    // `domainSettingsApplied` is used in `prepareOptionsMenu()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean domainSettingsApplied;
-
-    // `domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled` is used in `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private Boolean domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled;
-
-    // `waitingForOrbotHtmlString` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
-    private String waitingForOrbotHtmlString;
-
-    // `privateDataDirectoryString` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
-    private String privateDataDirectoryString;
-
-    // `findOnPageLinearLayout` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout;
-
-    // `findOnPageEditText` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private EditText findOnPageEditText;
-
-    // `displayAdditionalAppBarIcons` is used in `onCreate()` and `onCreateOptionsMenu()`.
-    private boolean displayAdditionalAppBarIcons;
-
-    // `drawerToggle` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPostCreate()`, `onConfigurationChanged()`, `onNewIntent()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
-    private ActionBarDrawerToggle drawerToggle;
-
-    // `supportAppBar` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private Toolbar supportAppBar;
-
-    // `urlTextBox` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `loadUrl()`, and `highlightUrlText()`.
-    private EditText urlTextBox;
+    // The action bar drawer toggle is initialized in `onCreate()` and used in `onResume()`.
+    private ActionBarDrawerToggle actionBarDrawerToggle;
 
     // The color spans are used in `onCreate()` and `highlightUrlText()`.
     private ForegroundColorSpan redColorSpan;
     private ForegroundColorSpan initialGrayColorSpan;
     private ForegroundColorSpan finalGrayColorSpan;
 
-    // `sslErrorHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslErrorCancel()`, and `onSslErrorProceed`.
-    private SslErrorHandler sslErrorHandler;
-
-    // `httpAuthHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onHttpAuthenticationCancel()`, and `onHttpAuthenticationProceed()`.
-    private static HttpAuthHandler httpAuthHandler;
-
-    // `inputMethodManager` is used in `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
-    private InputMethodManager inputMethodManager;
-
-    // `mainWebViewRelativeLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
-    private RelativeLayout mainWebViewRelativeLayout;
-
-    // `urlIsLoading` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateOptionsMenu()`, `loadUrl()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean urlIsLoading;
-
-    // `pinnedDomainSslCertificate` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean pinnedDomainSslCertificate;
+    // The drawer header padding variables are used in `onCreate()` and `onConfigurationChanged()`.
+    private int drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight;
+    private int drawerHeaderPaddingTop;
+    private int drawerHeaderPaddingBottom;
 
     // `bookmarksDatabaseHelper` is used in `onCreate()`, `onDestroy`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`,
     // and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private BookmarksDatabaseHelper bookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 
-    // `bookmarksListView` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
-    private ListView bookmarksListView;
-
-    // `bookmarksTitleTextView` is used in `onCreate()` and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
-    private TextView bookmarksTitleTextView;
-
     // `bookmarksCursor` is used in `onDestroy()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private Cursor bookmarksCursor;
 
@@ -485,7 +273,19 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `fileChooserCallback` is used in `onCreate()` and `onActivityResult()`.
     private ValueCallback<Uri[]> fileChooserCallback;
 
-    // The download strings are used in `onCreate()` and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+    // The default progress view offsets are set in `onCreate()` and used in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private int defaultProgressViewStartOffset;
+    private int defaultProgressViewEndOffset;
+
+    // The swipe refresh layout top padding is used when exiting full screen browsing mode.  It is used in an inner class in `initializeWebView()`.
+    private int swipeRefreshLayoutPaddingTop;
+
+    // The URL sanitizers are set in `applyAppSettings()` and used in `sanitizeUrl()`.
+    private boolean sanitizeGoogleAnalytics;
+    private boolean sanitizeFacebookClickIds;
+    private boolean sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects;
+
+    // The download strings are used in `onCreate()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()` and `initializeWebView()`.
     private String downloadUrl;
     private String downloadContentDisposition;
     private long downloadContentLength;
@@ -493,27 +293,23 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `downloadImageUrl` is used in `onCreateContextMenu()` and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
     private String downloadImageUrl;
 
-    // The user agent variables are used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private ArrayAdapter<CharSequence> userAgentNamesArray;
-    private String[] userAgentDataArray;
-
-    // The request codes are used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog()`, and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+    // The request codes are used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog()`, `onRequestPermissionResult()`, and `initializeWebView()`.
     private final int DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE = 1;
     private final int DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE = 2;
 
     @Override
-    // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.  The whole premise of Privacy Browser is built around an understanding of these dangers.
-    // Also, remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
-    @SuppressLint({"SetJavaScriptEnabled", "ClickableViewAccessibility"})
-    // Remove Android Studio's warning about deprecations.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
+    // Remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
+    @SuppressLint("ClickableViewAccessibility")
     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
+        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
         // Get the theme and screenshot preferences.
-        darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
-        allowScreenshots = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("allow_screenshots", false);
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+        boolean allowScreenshots = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("allow_screenshots", false);
 
         // Disable screenshots if not allowed.
         if (!allowScreenshots) {
@@ -531,4067 +327,5279 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
 
         // Set the content view.
-        setContentView(R.layout.main_drawerlayout);
+        setContentView(R.layout.main_framelayout);
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
 
-        // Get a handle for `inputMethodManager`.
-        inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+        // Set the action bar.  `SupportActionBar` must be used until the minimum API is >= 21.
+        setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
 
-        // `SupportActionBar` from `android.support.v7.app.ActionBar` must be used until the minimum API is >= 21.
-        supportAppBar = findViewById(R.id.app_bar);
-        setSupportActionBar(supportAppBar);
-        appBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        // Get a handle for the action bar.
+        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
 
-        // This is needed to get rid of the Android Studio warning that `appBar` might be null.
-        assert appBar != null;
+        // This is needed to get rid of the Android Studio warning that the action bar might be null.
+        assert actionBar != null;
 
-        // Add the custom `url_app_bar` layout, which shows the favorite icon and the URL text bar.
-        appBar.setCustomView(R.layout.url_app_bar);
-        appBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
+        // Add the custom layout, which shows the URL text bar.
+        actionBar.setCustomView(R.layout.url_app_bar);
+        actionBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
 
-        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
-        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
-        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
-        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        // Initially disable the sliding drawers.  They will be enabled once the blocklists are loaded.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_LOCKED_CLOSED);
 
-        // Get a handle for `urlTextBox`.
-        urlTextBox = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+        // Create the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
 
-        // Remove the formatting from `urlTextBar` when the user is editing the text.
-        urlTextBox.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
-            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
-                // Remove the highlighting.
-                urlTextBox.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
-                urlTextBox.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
-                urlTextBox.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
-            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
-                // Move to the beginning of the string.
-                urlTextBox.setSelection(0);
+        // Initialize the web view pager adapter.
+        webViewPagerAdapter = new WebViewPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
 
-                // Reapply the highlighting.
-                highlightUrlText();
-            }
-        });
+        // Set the pager adapter on the web view pager.
+        webViewPager.setAdapter(webViewPagerAdapter);
 
-        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
-        urlTextBox.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
-            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
-                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
-                try {
-                    loadUrlFromTextBox();
-                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
-                    e.printStackTrace();
-                }
-                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {
-                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
+        // Store up to 100 tabs in memory.
+        webViewPager.setOffscreenPageLimit(100);
 
-        // Set `waitingForOrbotHTMLString`.
-        waitingForOrbotHtmlString = "<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>";
+        // Populate the blocklists.
+        new PopulateBlocklists(this, this).execute();
+    }
 
-        // Initialize `currentDomainName`, `orbotStatus`, and `waitingForOrbot`.
-        currentDomainName = "";
-        orbotStatus = "unknown";
-        waitingForOrbot = false;
+    @Override
+    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
+        // Get the information from the intent.
+        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
+        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
 
-        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
-        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
-            @Override
-            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
-                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
-                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
+        // Determine if this is a web search.
+        boolean isWebSearch = ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH));
 
-                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
-                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Reset `waitingForOrbot`.
-                    waitingForOrbot = false;
+        // Only process the URI if it contains data or it is a web search.  If the user pressed the desktop icon after the app was already running the URI will be null.
+        if (intentUriData != null || isWebSearch) {
+            // Get the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+            // Create a URL string.
+            String url;
 
-                    // Load `formattedUrlString
-                    loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+            // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+            if (isWebSearch) {
+                // Create an encoded URL string.
+                String encodedUrlString;
+
+                // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                try {
+                    encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                    encodedUrlString = "";
                 }
+
+                // Add the base search URL.
+                url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+            } else {  // The intent should contain a URL.
+                // Set the intent data as the URL.
+                url = intentUriData.toString();
             }
-        };
 
-        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
-        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
+            // Add a new tab if specified in the preferences.
+            if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("open_intents_in_new_tab", true)) {  // Load the URL in a new tab.
+                // Set the loading new intent flag.
+                loadingNewIntent = true;
 
-        // Get handles for views that need to be accessed.
-        drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
-        rootCoordinatorLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_coordinatorlayout);
-        bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
-        bookmarksTitleTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
-        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
-        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
-        mainWebViewRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.main_webview_relativelayout);
-        mainWebView = findViewById(R.id.main_webview);
-        findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
-        findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
-        fullScreenVideoFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.full_screen_video_framelayout);
-        urlAppBarRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.url_app_bar_relativelayout);
-        favoriteIconImageView = findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon);
+                // Add a new tab.
+                addNewTab(url);
+            } else {  // Load the URL in the current tab.
+                // Make it so.
+                loadUrl(url);
+            }
 
-        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
-        if (darkTheme) {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
-        } else {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
-        }
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
-        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
-            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
+            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+            }
 
-            // Include the current folder with the `Intent`.
-            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("Current Folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
+            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
+        }
+    }
 
-            // Make it so.
-            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
-        });
+    @Override
+    public void onRestart() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onRestart();
 
-        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
-            // Show the `CreateBookmarkFolderDialog` `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/create_folder`.
-            AppCompatDialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = new CreateBookmarkFolderDialog();
-            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.create_folder));
-        });
+        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
+        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
+            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
 
-        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
-        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
-            // Show the `CreateBookmarkDialog` `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/create_bookmark`.
-            AppCompatDialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = new CreateBookmarkDialog();
-            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
-        });
+            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
+            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
 
-        // Create a double-tap listener to toggle full-screen mode.
-        final GestureDetector gestureDetector = new GestureDetector(this, new GestureDetector.SimpleOnGestureListener() {
-            // Override `onDoubleTap()`.  All other events are handled using the default settings.
-            @Override
-            public boolean onDoubleTap(MotionEvent event) {
-                if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled) {  // Only process the double-tap if full screen browsing mode is enabled.
-                    // Toggle `inFullScreenBrowsingMode`.
-                    inFullScreenBrowsingMode = !inFullScreenBrowsingMode;
+            // Make it so.
+            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
+        }
 
-                    if (inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Switch to full screen mode.
-                        // Hide the `appBar`.
-                        appBar.hide();
+        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity.
+        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply app settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-                        // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
-                        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                            // The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-                            AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-                        }
+            // Apply the app settings.
+            applyAppSettings();
+        }
 
-                        // Modify the system bars.
-                        if (hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen) {  // Hide everything.
-                            // Remove the translucent overlays.
-                            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-
-                            // Remove the translucent status bar overlay on the `Drawer Layout`, which is special and needs its own command.
-                            drawerLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN);
-
-                            /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-                             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-                             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-                             */
-                            rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-
-                            // Set `rootCoordinatorLayout` to fill the whole screen.
-                            rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(false);
-                        } else {  // Hide everything except the status and navigation bars.
-                            // Set `rootCoordinatorLayout` to fit under the status and navigation bars.
-                            rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(false);
-
-                            // There is an Android Support Library bug that causes a scrim to print on the right side of the `Drawer Layout` when the navigation bar is displayed on the right of the screen.
-                            if (translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen) {
-                                // Set the navigation bar to be translucent.
-                                getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
-                            }
-                        }
-                    } else {  // Switch to normal viewing mode.
-                        // Show the `appBar`.
-                        appBar.show();
+        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the settings or domains activity.
+        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reset the reapply domain settings on restart tracker.
+            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
 
-                        // Show the `BannerAd` in the free flavor.
-                        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-                            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
-                        }
+            // Reapply the domain settings for each tab.
+            for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+                WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-                        // Remove the translucent navigation bar flag if it is set.
-                        getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
+                // Get the fragment view.
+                View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-                        // Add the translucent status flag if it is unset.  This also resets `drawerLayout's` `View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN`.
-                        getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+                // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
+                if (fragmentView != null) {
+                    // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                    NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-                        // Remove any `SYSTEM_UI` flags from `rootCoordinatorLayout`.
-                        rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+                    // Reset the current domain name so the domain settings will be reapplied.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-                        // Constrain `rootCoordinatorLayout` inside the status and navigation bars.
-                        rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(true);
+                    // Reapply the domain settings if the URL is not null, which can happen if an empty tab is active when returning from settings.
+                    if (nestedScrollWebView.getUrl() != null) {
+                        applyDomainSettings(nestedScrollWebView, nestedScrollWebView.getUrl(), false, true);
                     }
-
-                    // Consume the double-tap.
-                    return true;
-                } else { // Do not consume the double-tap because full screen browsing mode is disabled.
-                    return false;
                 }
             }
-        });
+        }
 
-        // Pass all touch events on `mainWebView` through `gestureDetector` to check for double-taps.
-        mainWebView.setOnTouchListener((View v, MotionEvent event) -> {
-            // Call `performClick()` on the view, which is required for accessibility.
-            v.performClick();
+        // Load the URL on restart (used when loading a bookmark).
+        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
+            // Load the specified URL.
+            loadUrl(urlToLoadOnRestart);
 
-            // Send the `event` to `gestureDetector`.
-            return gestureDetector.onTouchEvent(event);
-        });
+            // Reset the load on restart tracker.
+            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
+        }
 
-        // Update `findOnPageCountTextView`.
-        mainWebView.setFindListener(new WebView.FindListener() {
-            // Get a handle for `findOnPageCountTextView`.
-            final TextView findOnPageCountTextView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_count_textview);
+        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
+        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
+            // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+            DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onFindResultReceived(int activeMatchOrdinal, int numberOfMatches, boolean isDoneCounting) {
-                if ((isDoneCounting) && (numberOfMatches == 0)) {  // There are no matches.
-                    // Set `findOnPageCountTextView` to `0/0`.
-                    findOnPageCountTextView.setText(R.string.zero_of_zero);
-                } else if (isDoneCounting) {  // There are matches.
-                    // `activeMatchOrdinal` is zero-based.
-                    int activeMatch = activeMatchOrdinal + 1;
+            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
 
-                    // Build the match string.
-                    String matchString = activeMatch + "/" + numberOfMatches;
+            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
+            loadBookmarksFolder();
 
-                    // Set `findOnPageCountTextView`.
-                    findOnPageCountTextView.setText(matchString);
-                }
-            }
-        });
+            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
+            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
+        }
 
-        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
-        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
-            @Override
-            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+    }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
-                // Do nothing.
-            }
+    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
+    @Override
+    public void onResume() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onResume();
 
-            @Override
-            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
-                // Search for the text in `mainWebView`.
-                mainWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
-            }
-        });
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
-        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
-            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
-                // Hide the soft keyboard.  `0` indicates no additional flags.
-                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mainWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-                // Consume the event.
-                return true;
-            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
-                // Do not consume the event.
-                return false;
-            }
-        });
+            // Only resume the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-        // Implement swipe to refresh
-        swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swipe_refreshlayout);
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_700);
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> mainWebView.reload());
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
+                nestedScrollWebView.resumeTimers();
 
-        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
-        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
-
-        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
-        final NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
-        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
-
-        // Get handles for `navigationMenu` and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based, so items 1, 2, and 3 are the second, third, and fourth entries in the menu.
-        final Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
-        final MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(1);
-        final MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(2);
-        final MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
-        final MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
-
-        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  `this` specifies the context.  The two `nulls` do not specify the database name or a `CursorFactory`.
-        // The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
-
-        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
-        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
+                // Resume the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.onResume();
+            }
+        }
 
-        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
-        loadBookmarksFolder();
+        // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
+        if (waitingForOrbot && !orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
+            // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
+            currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
-            int databaseID = (int) id;
+            // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
+            currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
+        }
 
-            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
-            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarkCursor(databaseID);
-            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
+        if (displayingFullScreenVideo || inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Get a handle for the root frame layouts.
+            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
 
-            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
-            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
-                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-                // Load the new folder.
-                loadBookmarksFolder();
-            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
-                // Load the bookmark URL.
-                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {  // Resume the adView for the free flavor.
+            // Resume the ad.
+            AdHelper.resumeAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+        }
+    }
 
-                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
+    @Override
+    public void onPause() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onPause();
 
-            // Close the `Cursor`.
-            bookmarkCursor.close();
-        });
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
-            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
-            int databaseId = (int) id;
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
-            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
+            // Only pause the WebViews if they exist (they won't when the app is first created).
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-            if (isFolder) {
-                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
-                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
+                // Pause the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.onPause();
 
-                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment editFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId);
-                editFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.edit_folder));
-            } else {
-                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId);
-                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
+                // Pause the nested scroll WebView JavaScript timers.
+                nestedScrollWebView.pauseTimers();
             }
+        }
 
-            // Consume the event.
-            return true;
-        });
+        // Pause the ad or it will continue to consume resources in the background on the free flavor.
+        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+            // Pause the ad.
+            AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+        }
+    }
 
-        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.
-        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
-            }
+    @Override
+    public void onDestroy() {
+        // Unregister the Orbot status broadcast receiver.
+        this.unregisterReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver);
 
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
+        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
+        bookmarksCursor.close();
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
 
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
-            }
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onDestroy();
+    }
 
-            @Override
-            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
-                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
-                    // Update the back, forward, history, and requests menu items.
-                    navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebView.canGoBack());
-                    navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebView.canGoForward());
-                    navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((mainWebView.canGoBack() || mainWebView.canGoForward()));
-                    navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+    @Override
+    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
+        // Inflate the menu.  This adds items to the action bar if it is present.
+        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.webview_options_menu, menu);
 
-                    // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
-                    inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mainWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+        // Store a handle for the options menu so it can be used by `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
+        optionsMenu = menu;
 
-                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box.
-                    urlTextBox.clearFocus();
-                }
-            }
-        });
+        // Set the initial status of the privacy icons.  `false` does not call `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(false);
 
-        // drawerToggle creates the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
-        drawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, supportAppBar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
+        // Get handles for the menu items.
+        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
+        MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
 
-        // Get a handle for the progress bar.
-        final ProgressBar progressBar = findViewById(R.id.progress_bar);
+        // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
+        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21);
 
-        mainWebView.setWebChromeClient(new WebChromeClient() {
-            // Update the progress bar when a page is loading.
-            @Override
-            public void onProgressChanged(WebView view, int progress) {
-                // Inject the night mode CSS if night mode is enabled.
-                if (nightMode) {
-                    // `background-color: #212121` sets the background to be dark gray.  `color: #BDBDBD` sets the text color to be light gray.  `box-shadow: none` removes a lower underline on links
-                    // used by WordPress.  `text-decoration: none` removes all text underlines.  `text-shadow: none` removes text shadows, which usually have a hard coded color.
-                    // `border: none` removes all borders, which can also be used to underline text.
-                    // `a {color: #1565C0}` sets links to be a dark blue.  `!important` takes precedent over any existing sub-settings.
-                    mainWebView.evaluateJavascript("(function() {var parent = document.getElementsByTagName('head').item(0); var style = document.createElement('style'); style.type = 'text/css'; " +
-                            "style.innerHTML = '* {background-color: #212121 !important; color: #BDBDBD !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-decoration: none !important;" +
-                            "text-shadow: none !important; border: none !important;} a {color: #1565C0 !important;}'; parent.appendChild(style)})()", value -> {
-                                // Initialize a handler to display `mainWebView`.
-                                Handler displayWebViewHandler = new Handler();
-
-                                // Setup a runnable to display `mainWebView` after a delay to allow the CSS to be applied.
-                                Runnable displayWebViewRunnable = () -> {
-                                    // Only display `mainWebView` if the progress bar is one.  This prevents the display of the `WebView` while it is still loading.
-                                    if (progressBar.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
-                                        mainWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-                                    }
-                                };
+        // Only display the form data menu items if the API < 26.
+        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
+        clearFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
 
-                                // Displaying of `mainWebView` after 500 milliseconds.
-                                displayWebViewHandler.postDelayed(displayWebViewRunnable, 500);
-                            });
-                }
+        // Disable the clear form data menu item if the API >= 26 so that the status of the main Clear Data is calculated correctly.
+        clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
 
-                // Update the progress bar.
-                progressBar.setProgress(progress);
+        // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
+        adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
 
-                // Set the visibility of the progress bar.
-                if (progress < 100) {
-                    // Show the progress bar.
-                    progressBar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-                } else {
-                    // Hide the progress bar.
-                    progressBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+        // Get the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                    // Display `mainWebView` if night mode is disabled.
-                    // Because of a race condition between `applyDomainSettings` and `onPageStarted`, when night mode is set by domain settings the `WebView` may be hidden even if night mode is not
-                    // currently enabled.
-                    if (!nightMode) {
-                        mainWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-                    }
+        // Get the dark theme and app bar preferences..
+        boolean displayAdditionalAppBarIcons = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false);
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-                    //Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
-                    swipeRefreshLayout.setRefreshing(false);
-                }
-            }
+        // Set the status of the additional app bar icons.  Setting the refresh menu item to `SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS` makes it appear even on small devices like phones.
+        if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
+            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
+            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
+            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS);
+        } else { //Do not display the additional icons.
+            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+        }
 
-            // Set the favorite icon when it changes.
-            @Override
-            public void onReceivedIcon(WebView view, Bitmap icon) {
-                // Only update the favorite icon if the website has finished loading.
-                if (progressBar.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
-                    // Save a copy of the favorite icon.
-                    favoriteIconBitmap = icon;
+        // Replace Refresh with Stop if a URL is already loading.
+        if (currentWebView != null && currentWebView.getProgress() != 100) {
+            // Set the title.
+            refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.stop);
 
-                    // Place the favorite icon in the appBar.
-                    favoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(icon, 64, 64, true));
+            // If the icon is displayed in the AppBar, set it according to the theme.
+            if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_dark);
+                } else {
+                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_light);
                 }
             }
+        }
 
-            // Save a copy of the title when it changes.
-            @Override
-            public void onReceivedTitle(WebView view, String title) {
-                // Save a copy of the title.
-                webViewTitle = title;
-            }
-
-            // Enter full screen video.
-            @Override
-            public void onShowCustomView(View view, CustomViewCallback callback) {
-                // Set the full screen video flag.
-                displayingFullScreenVideo = true;
-
-                // Pause the ad if this is the free flavor.
-                if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                    // The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-                    AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-                }
-
-                // Remove the translucent overlays.
-                getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-
-                // Remove the translucent status bar overlay on the `Drawer Layout`, which is special and needs its own command.
-                drawerLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN);
+        // Done.
+        return true;
+    }
 
-                /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-                 * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-                 * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-                 */
-                rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+    @Override
+    public boolean onPrepareOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
+        // Get handles for the menu items.
+        MenuItem addOrEditDomain = menu.findItem(R.id.add_or_edit_domain);
+        MenuItem firstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem domStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem saveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem clearDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_data);
+        MenuItem clearCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_cookies);
+        MenuItem clearDOMStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem blocklistsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.blocklists);
+        MenuItem easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
+        MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
+        MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
+        MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
+        MenuItem ultraPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy);
+        MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
+        MenuItem fontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size);
+        MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
+        MenuItem wideViewportMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.wide_viewport);
+        MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
+        MenuItem nightModeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.night_mode);
+        MenuItem proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.proxy_through_orbot);
 
-                // Set `rootCoordinatorLayout` to fill the entire screen.
-                rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(false);
+        // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+        CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-                // Disable the sliding drawers.
-                drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_LOCKED_CLOSED);
+        // Initialize the current user agent string and the font size.
+        String currentUserAgent = getString(R.string.user_agent_privacy_browser);
+        int fontSize = 100;
 
-                // Add `view` to `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout` and display it on the screen.
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.addView(view);
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+        // Set items that require the current web view to be populated.  It will be null when the program is first opened, as `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` is called before the first WebView is initialized.
+        if (currentWebView != null) {
+            // Set the add or edit domain text.
+            if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {
+                addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.edit_domain_settings);
+            } else {
+                addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.add_domain_settings);
             }
 
-            // Exit full screen video.
-            @Override
-            public void onHideCustomView() {
-                // Unset the full screen video flag.
-                displayingFullScreenVideo = false;
+            // Get the current user agent from the WebView.
+            currentUserAgent = currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+
+            // Get the current font size from the
+            fontSize = currentWebView.getSettings().getTextZoom();
+
+            // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
+            domStorageMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
+            saveFormDataMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+            easyListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST));
+            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY));
+            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
+            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
+            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
+            blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
+            swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+            wideViewportMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
+            displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
+            nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getNightMode());
+
+            // Initialize the display names for the blocklists with the number of blocked requests.
+            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
+            easyListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
+            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
+            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
+            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST) + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
+            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY) + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
+            blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS) + " - " + getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
+
+            // Only modify third-party cookies if the API >= 21.
+            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                // Set the status of the third-party cookies checkbox.
+                thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
+
+                // Enable third-party cookies if first-party cookies are enabled.
+                thirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
+            }
 
-                // Hide `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout`.
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.removeAllViews();
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+            // Enable DOM Storage if JavaScript is enabled.
+            domStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled());
+        }
 
-                // Enable the sliding drawers.
-                drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_UNLOCKED);
+        // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
+        firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
+        proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem.setChecked(proxyThroughOrbot);
 
-                // Apply the appropriate full screen mode the `SYSTEM_UI` flags.
-                if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
-                    if (hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen) {  // Hide everything.
-                        // Remove the translucent navigation setting if it is currently flagged.
-                        getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
+        // Enable Clear Cookies if there are any.
+        clearCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.hasCookies());
 
-                        // Remove the translucent status bar overlay.
-                        getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+        // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+        String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
 
-                        // Remove the translucent status bar overlay on the `Drawer Layout`, which is special and needs its own command.
-                        drawerLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN);
+        // Get a count of the number of files in the Local Storage directory.
+        File localStorageDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/");
+        int localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
+        if (localStorageDirectory.exists()) {
+            localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = localStorageDirectory.list().length;
+        }
 
-                        /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-                         * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-                         * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-                         */
-                        rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-                    } else {  // Hide everything except the status and navigation bars.
-                        // Remove any `SYSTEM_UI` flags from `rootCoordinatorLayout`.
-                        rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+        // Get a count of the number of files in the IndexedDB directory.
+        File indexedDBDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+        int indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
+        if (indexedDBDirectory.exists()) {
+            indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = indexedDBDirectory.list().length;
+        }
 
-                        // Add the translucent status flag if it is unset.
-                        getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+        // Enable Clear DOM Storage if there is any.
+        clearDOMStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0 || indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0);
 
-                        if (translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen) {
-                            // Set the navigation bar to be translucent.  This also resets `drawerLayout's` `View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN`.
-                            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
-                        } else {
-                            // Set the navigation bar to be black.
-                            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
-                        }
-                    }
-                } else {  // Switch to normal viewing mode.
-                    // Show the `appBar` if `findOnPageLinearLayout` is not visible.
-                    if (findOnPageLinearLayout.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
-                        appBar.show();
-                    }
+        // Enable Clear Form Data is there is any.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
+            // Get the WebView database.
+            WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
 
-                    // Show the `BannerAd` in the free flavor.
-                    if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                        // Initialize the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-                        AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
-                    }
+            // Enable the clear form data menu item if there is anything to clear.
+            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(webViewDatabase.hasFormData());
+        }
 
-                    // Remove any `SYSTEM_UI` flags from `rootCoordinatorLayout`.
-                    rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+        // Enable Clear Data if any of the submenu items are enabled.
+        clearDataMenuItem.setEnabled(clearCookiesMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearDOMStorageMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearFormDataMenuItem.isEnabled());
 
-                    // Remove the translucent navigation bar flag if it is set.
-                    getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
+        // Disable Fanboy's Social Blocking List menu item if Fanboy's Annoyance List is checked.
+        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.isChecked());
 
-                    // Add the translucent status flag if it is unset.  This also resets `drawerLayout's` `View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN`.
-                    getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+        // Select the current user agent menu item.  A switch statement cannot be used because the user agents are not compile time constants.
+        if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0])) {  // Privacy Browser.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(webViewDefaultUserAgent)) {  // WebView Default.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_webview_default).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2])) {  // Firefox on Android.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3])) {  // Chrome on Android.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4])) {  // Safari on iOS.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5])) {  // Firefox on Linux.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6])) {  // Chromium on Linux.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7])) {  // Firefox on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8])) {  // Chrome on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9])) {  // Edge on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10])) {  // Internet Explorer on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11])) {  // Safari on macOS.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos).setChecked(true);
+        } else {  // Custom user agent.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_custom).setChecked(true);
+        }
 
-                    // Constrain `rootCoordinatorLayout` inside the status and navigation bars.
-                    rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(true);
-                }
+        // Instantiate the font size title and the selected font size menu item.
+        String fontSizeTitle;
+        MenuItem selectedFontSizeMenuItem;
 
-                // Show the ad if this is the free flavor.
-                if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                    // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
-                    AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
-                }
-            }
+        // Prepare the font size title and current size menu item.
+        switch (fontSize) {
+            case 25:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.twenty_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent);
+                break;
 
-            // Upload files.
-            @Override
-            public boolean onShowFileChooser(WebView webView, ValueCallback<Uri[]> filePathCallback, FileChooserParams fileChooserParams) {
-                // Show the file chooser if the device is running API >= 21.
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    // Store the file path callback.
-                    fileChooserCallback = filePathCallback;
+            case 50:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.fifty_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_fifty_percent);
+                break;
 
-                    // Create an intent to open a chooser based ont the file chooser parameters.
-                    Intent fileChooserIntent = fileChooserParams.createIntent();
+            case 75:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.seventy_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent);
+                break;
 
-                    // Open the file chooser.  Currently only one `startActivityForResult` exists in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is simply `0`.
-                    startActivityForResult(fileChooserIntent, 0);
-                }
-                return true;
-            }
-        });
+            case 100:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
+                break;
 
-        // Register `mainWebView` for a context menu.  This is used to see link targets and download images.
-        registerForContextMenu(mainWebView);
+            case 125:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
+                break;
 
-        // Allow the downloading of files.
-        mainWebView.setDownloadListener((String url, String userAgent, String contentDisposition, String mimetype, long contentLength) -> {
-            // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
-            if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
-                openUrlWithExternalApp(url);
-            } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
-                // Check to see if the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission has not been granted.
-                    // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
+            case 150:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_fifty_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent);
+                break;
 
-                    // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
-                    downloadUrl = url;
-                    downloadContentDisposition = contentDisposition;
-                    downloadContentLength = contentLength;
+            case 175:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
+                break;
 
-                    // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                    if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                        // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
-                        DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
+            case 200:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.two_hundred_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent);
+                break;
 
-                        // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
-                        downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
-                    } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                        // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                        ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                    }
-                } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                    // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
-                    AppCompatDialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(url, contentDisposition, contentLength);
+            default:
+                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
+                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
+                break;
+        }
 
-                    // Show the download file alert dialog.
-                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
-                }
-            }
-        });
+        // Set the font size title and select the current size menu item.
+        fontSizeMenuItem.setTitle(fontSizeTitle);
+        selectedFontSizeMenuItem.setChecked(true);
 
-        // Allow pinch to zoom.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setBuiltInZoomControls(true);
+        // Run all the other default commands.
+        super.onPrepareOptionsMenu(menu);
 
-        // Hide zoom controls.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setDisplayZoomControls(false);
+        // Display the menu.
+        return true;
+    }
 
-        // Set `mainWebView` to use a wide viewport.  Otherwise, some web pages will be scrunched and some content will render outside the screen.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
+    @Override
+    // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.
+    @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
+    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem menuItem) {
+        // Reenter full screen browsing mode if it was interrupted by the options menu.  <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/389>
+        if (inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-        // Set `mainWebView` to load in overview mode (zoomed out to the maximum width).
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadWithOverviewMode(true);
+            FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
 
-        // Explicitly disable geolocation.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setGeolocationEnabled(false);
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        }
 
-        // Initialize cookieManager.
-        cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+        // Get the selected menu item ID.
+        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
 
-        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
-        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
-        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+        // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+        CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-        // Get the intent that started the app.
-        final Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
+        // Run the commands that correlate to the selected menu item.
+        switch (menuItemId) {
+            case R.id.toggle_javascript:
+                // Toggle the JavaScript status.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(!currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled());
 
-        // Extract the launching intent data as `launchingIntentUriData`.
-        final Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-        // Convert the launching intent URI data (if it exists) to a string and store it in `formattedUrlString`.
-        if (launchingIntentUriData != null) {
-            formattedUrlString = launchingIntentUriData.toString();
-        }
+                // Display a `Snackbar`.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScrip is enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.javascript_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {  // JavaScript is disabled, but first-party cookies are enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.javascript_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {  // Privacy mode.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                }
 
-        // Get a handle for the `Runtime`.
-        privacyBrowserRuntime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-        // Store the application's private data directory.
-        privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
-        // `dataDir` will vary, but will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+            case R.id.add_or_edit_domain:
+                if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Edit the current domain settings.
+                    // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
+                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-        // Initialize `inFullScreenBrowsingMode`, which is always false at this point because Privacy Browser never starts in full screen browsing mode.
-        inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
+                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
-        // Initialize the privacy settings variables.
-        javaScriptEnabled = false;
-        firstPartyCookiesEnabled = false;
-        thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = false;
-        domStorageEnabled = false;
-        saveFormDataEnabled = false;  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        nightMode = false;
+                    // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("load_domain", currentWebView.getDomainSettingsDatabaseId());
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                    // Get the current certificate.
+                    SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                    // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                    if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                        // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                        String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                        String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                        String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                        String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                        String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                        String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                        long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                        long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                        // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                    }
 
-        // Store the default user agent.
-        webViewDefaultUserAgent = mainWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+                    // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                    if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                        // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                    }
 
-        // Initialize the WebView title.
-        webViewTitle = getString(R.string.no_title);
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                } else {  // Add a new domain.
+                    // Apply the new domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
+                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-        // Initialize the favorite icon bitmap.  `ContextCompat` must be used until API >= 21.
-        Drawable favoriteIconDrawable = ContextCompat.getDrawable(getApplicationContext(), R.drawable.world);
-        BitmapDrawable favoriteIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) favoriteIconDrawable;
-        assert favoriteIconBitmapDrawable != null;
-        favoriteIconDefaultBitmap = favoriteIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+                    // Get the current domain
+                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(currentWebView.getUrl());
+                    String currentDomain = currentUri.getHost();
 
-        // If the favorite icon is null, load the default.
-        if (favoriteIconBitmap == null) {
-            favoriteIconBitmap = favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
-        }
+                    // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
+                    DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
-        // Initialize the user agent array adapter and string array.
-        userAgentNamesArray = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this, R.array.user_agent_names, R.layout.spinner_item);
-        userAgentDataArray = getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data);
+                    // Create the domain and store the database ID.
+                    int newDomainDatabaseId = domainsDatabaseHelper.addDomain(currentDomain);
 
-        // Apply the app settings from the shared preferences.
-        applyAppSettings();
+                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
+                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
-        // Instantiate the block list helper.
-        BlockListHelper blockListHelper = new BlockListHelper();
+                    // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("load_domain", newDomainDatabaseId);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("close_on_back", true);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                    // Get the current certificate.
+                    SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                    // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                    if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                        // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                        String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                        String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                        String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                        String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                        String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                        String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                        long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                        long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                        // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                    }
 
-        // Initialize the list of resource requests.
-        resourceRequests = new ArrayList<>();
+                    // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                    if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                        // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                        domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                    }
 
-        // Parse the block lists.
-        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easylist.txt");
-        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easyprivacy.txt");
-        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysAnnoyanceList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-annoyance.txt");
-        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysSocialList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-social.txt");
-        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> ultraPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/ultraprivacy.txt");
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                }
+                return true;
 
-        // Store the list versions.
-        easyListVersion = easyList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        easyPrivacyVersion = easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        fanboysAnnoyanceVersion = fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        fanboysSocialVersion = fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0];
-        ultraPrivacyVersion = ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
+            case R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies:
+                // Switch the first-party cookie status.
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(!cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
-        // Get a handle for the activity.  This is used to update the requests counter while the navigation menu is open.
-        Activity activity = this;
+                // Store the first-party cookie status.
+                currentWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
-        mainWebView.setWebViewClient(new WebViewClient() {
-            // `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` makes this `WebView` the default handler for URLs inside the app, so that links are not kicked out to other apps.
-            // The deprecated `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` must be used until API >= 24.
-            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-            @Override
-            public boolean shouldOverrideUrlLoading(WebView view, String url) {
-                if (url.startsWith("http")) {  // Load the URL in Privacy Browser.
-                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-                    formattedUrlString = "";
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptCookie());
 
-                    // Apply the domain settings for the new URL.  `applyDomainSettings` doesn't do anything if the domain has not changed.
-                    applyDomainSettings(url, true, false);
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-                    // Returning false causes the current WebView to handle the URL and prevents it from adding redirects to the history list.
-                    return false;
-                } else if (url.startsWith("mailto:")) {  // Load the email address in an external email program.
-                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
-                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.first_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScript is still enabled.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.first_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {  // Privacy mode.
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                }
 
-                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the intent.
-                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                    // Open the email program in a new task instead of as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+            case R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies:
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                    // Switch the status of thirdPartyCookiesEnabled.
+                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView, !cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(emailIntent);
+                    // Update the menu checkbox.
+                    menuItem.setChecked(cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView));
 
-                    // Returning true indicates Privacy Browser is handling the URL by creating an intent.
-                    return true;
-                } else if (url.startsWith("tel:")) {  // Load the phone number in the dialer.
-                    // Open the dialer and load the phone number, but wait for the user to place the call.
-                    Intent dialIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL);
+                    // Display a snackbar.
+                    if (cookieManager.acceptThirdPartyCookies(currentWebView)) {
+                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.third_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                    } else {
+                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.third_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                    }
 
-                    // Add the phone number to the intent.
-                    dialIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+                    // Reload the current WebView.
+                    currentWebView.reload();
+                } // Else do nothing because SDK < 21.
+                return true;
 
-                    // Open the dialer in a new task instead of as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    dialIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+            case R.id.toggle_dom_storage:
+                // Toggle the status of domStorageEnabled.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(!currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(dialIntent);
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled());
 
-                    // Returning true indicates Privacy Browser is handling the URL by creating an intent.
-                    return true;
-                } else {  // Load a system chooser to select an app that can handle the URL.
-                    // Open an app that can handle the URL.
-                    Intent genericIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` refreshes the app bar icons.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-                    // Add the URL to the intent.
-                    genericIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled()) {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                }
 
-                    // List all apps that can handle the URL instead of just opening the first one.
-                    genericIntent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_BROWSABLE);
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                    // Open the app in a new task instead of as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    genericIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+            // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+            case R.id.toggle_save_form_data:
+                // Switch the status of saveFormDataEnabled.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(!currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());
 
-                    // Start the app or display a snackbar if no app is available to handle the URL.
-                    try {
-                        startActivity(genericIntent);
-                    } catch (ActivityNotFoundException exception) {
-                        Snackbar.make(mainWebView, getString(R.string.unrecognized_url) + "  " + url, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                    }
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData());
 
-                    // Returning true indicates Privacy Browser is handling the URL by creating an intent.
-                    return true;
+                // Display a snackbar.
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getSaveFormData()) {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                } else {
+                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                 }
-            }
 
-            // Check requests against the block lists.  The deprecated `shouldInterceptRequest()` must be used until minimum API >= 21.
-            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-            @Override
-            public WebResourceResponse shouldInterceptRequest(WebView view, String url){
-                // Create an empty web resource response to be used if the resource request is blocked.
-                WebResourceResponse emptyWebResourceResponse = new WebResourceResponse("text/plain", "utf8", new ByteArrayInputStream("".getBytes()));
+                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
 
-                // Reset the whitelist results tracker.
-                whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Initialize the third party request tracker.
-                boolean isThirdPartyRequest = false;
+            case R.id.clear_cookies:
+                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.cookies_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
+                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
+                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
+                        })
+                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
+                            @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
+                            @Override
+                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the cookies, which command varies by SDK.
+                                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21) {
+                                        cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
+                                    } else {
+                                        cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
+                                    }
+                                }
+                            }
+                        })
+                        .show();
+                return true;
 
-                // Initialize the current domain string.
-                String currentDomain = "";
+            case R.id.clear_dom_storage:
+                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.dom_storage_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
+                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
+                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
+                        })
+                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
+                            @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
+                            @Override
+                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the DOM Storage.
+                                    WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
+                                    webStorage.deleteAllData();
+
+                                    // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                    Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
+
+                                    // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                    Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
+                                        try {
+                                            // Get a handle for the runtime.
+                                            Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+
+                                            // Get the application's private data directory, which will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`,
+                                            // which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+                                            String privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+
+                                            // A string array must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                                            Process deleteLocalStorageProcess = runtime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
+
+                                            // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                                            Process deleteIndexProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+                                            Process deleteQuotaManagerProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
+                                            Process deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess = runtime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
+                                            Process deleteDatabasesProcess = runtime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
+
+                                            // Wait for the processes to finish.
+                                            deleteLocalStorageProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteIndexProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteQuotaManagerProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteQuotaManagerJournalProcess.waitFor();
+                                            deleteDatabasesProcess.waitFor();
+                                        } catch (Exception exception) {
+                                            // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+                                        }
+                                    };
 
-                // Nobody is happy when comparing null strings.
-                if (!(formattedUrlString == null) && !(url == null)) {
-                    // Get the domain strings to URIs.
-                    Uri currentDomainUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
-                    Uri requestDomainUri = Uri.parse(url);
+                                    // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
+                                    deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
+                                }
+                            }
+                        })
+                        .show();
+                return true;
 
-                    // Get the domain host names.
-                    String currentBaseDomain = currentDomainUri.getHost();
-                    String requestBaseDomain = requestDomainUri.getHost();
+            // Form data can be remove once the minimum API >= 26.
+            case R.id.clear_form_data:
+                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.webviewpager), R.string.form_data_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
+                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
+                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
+                        })
+                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
+                            @SuppressLint("SwitchIntDef")  // Ignore the lint warning about not handling the other possible events as they are covered by `default:`.
+                            @Override
+                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
+                                if (event != Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION) {  // The snackbar was dismissed without the undo button being pushed.
+                                    // Delete the form data.
+                                    WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(getApplicationContext());
+                                    mainWebViewDatabase.clearFormData();
+                                }
+                            }
+                        })
+                        .show();
+                return true;
 
-                    // Update the current domain variable.
-                    currentDomain = currentBaseDomain;
+            case R.id.easylist:
+                // Toggle the EasyList status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST));
 
-                    // Only compare the current base domain and the request base domain if neither is null.
-                    if (!(currentBaseDomain == null) && !(requestBaseDomain == null)) {
-                        // Determine the current base domain.
-                        while (currentBaseDomain.indexOf(".", currentBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1) > 0) {  // There is at least one subdomain.
-                            // Remove the first subdomain.
-                            currentBaseDomain = currentBaseDomain.substring(currentBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1);
-                        }
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST));
 
-                        // Determine the request base domain.
-                        while (requestBaseDomain.indexOf(".", requestBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1) > 0) {  // There is at least one subdomain.
-                            // Remove the first subdomain.
-                            requestBaseDomain = requestBaseDomain.substring(requestBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1);
-                        }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                        // Update the third party request tracker.
-                        isThirdPartyRequest = !currentBaseDomain.equals(requestBaseDomain);
-                    }
-                }
+            case R.id.easyprivacy:
+                // Toggle the EasyPrivacy status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY));
 
-                // Block third-party requests if enabled.
-                if (isThirdPartyRequest && blockAllThirdPartyRequests) {
-                    // Increment the blocked requests counters.
-                    blockedRequests++;
-                    thirdPartyBlockedRequests++;
-
-                    // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
-                    activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
-                        navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                        blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(thirdPartyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
-                    });
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY));
 
-                    // Add the request to the log.
-                    resourceRequests.add(new String[]{String.valueOf(REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY), url});
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                    // Return an empty web resource response.
-                    return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                }
+            case R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list:
+                // Toggle Fanboy's Annoyance List status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
 
-                // Check UltraPrivacy if it is enabled.
-                if (ultraPrivacyEnabled) {
-                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, ultraPrivacy)) {
-                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
-                        blockedRequests++;
-                        ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests++;
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
 
-                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
-                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
-                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
-                        });
+                // Update the staus of Fanboy's Social Blocking List.
+                MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
+                fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST));
 
-                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
-                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                    // If the whitelist result is not null, the request has been allowed by UltraPrivacy.
-                    if (whiteListResultStringArray != null) {
-                        // Add a whitelist entry to the resource requests array.
-                        resourceRequests.add(whiteListResultStringArray);
+            case R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list:
+                // Toggle Fanboy's Social Blocking List status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
 
-                        // The resource request has been allowed by UltraPrivacy.  `return null` loads the requested resource.
-                        return null;
-                    }
-                }
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST));
 
-                // Check EasyList if it is enabled.
-                if (easyListEnabled) {
-                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyList)) {
-                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
-                        blockedRequests++;
-                        easyListBlockedRequests++;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
-                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
-                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            easyListMenuItem.setTitle(easyListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
-                        });
+            case R.id.ultraprivacy:
+                // Toggle the UltraPrivacy status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
 
-                        // Reset the whitelist results tracker (because otherwise it will sometimes add results to the list due to a race condition).
-                        whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY));
 
-                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
-                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    }
-                }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Check EasyPrivacy if it is enabled.
-                if (easyPrivacyEnabled) {
-                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyPrivacy)) {
-                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
-                        blockedRequests++;
-                        easyPrivacyBlockedRequests++;
+            case R.id.block_all_third_party_requests:
+                //Toggle the third-party requests blocker status.
+                currentWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS, !currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
 
-                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
-                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
-                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(easyPrivacyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
-                        });
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
 
-                        // Reset the whitelist results tracker (because otherwise it will sometimes add results to the list due to a race condition).
-                        whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
-                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    }
-                }
+            case R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0]);
 
-                // Check Fanboy’s Annoyance List if it is enabled.
-                if (fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled) {
-                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysAnnoyanceList)) {
-                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
-                        blockedRequests++;
-                        fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests++;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
-                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
-                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
-                        });
+            case R.id.user_agent_webview_default:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
 
-                        // Reset the whitelist results tracker (because otherwise it will sometimes add results to the list due to a race condition).
-                        whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
-                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    }
-                } else if (fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled){  // Only check Fanboy’s Social Blocking List if Fanboy’s Annoyance List is disabled.
-                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysSocialList)) {
-                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
-                        blockedRequests++;
-                        fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests++;
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2]);
 
-                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
-                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
-                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-                            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
-                        });
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                        // Reset the whitelist results tracker (because otherwise it will sometimes add results to the list due to a race condition).
-                        whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3]);
 
-                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
-                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
-                    }
-                }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Add the request to the log because it hasn't been processed by any of the previous checks.
-                if (whiteListResultStringArray != null ) {  // The request was processed by a whitelist.
-                    resourceRequests.add(whiteListResultStringArray);
-                } else {  // The request didn't match any blocklist entry.  Log it as a default request.
-                    resourceRequests.add(new String[]{String.valueOf(REQUEST_DEFAULT), url});
-                }
+            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4]);
 
-                // The resource request has not been blocked.  `return null` loads the requested resource.
-                return null;
-            }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-            // Handle HTTP authentication requests.
-            @Override
-            public void onReceivedHttpAuthRequest(WebView view, HttpAuthHandler handler, String host, String realm) {
-                // Store `handler` so it can be accessed from `onHttpAuthenticationCancel()` and `onHttpAuthenticationProceed()`.
-                httpAuthHandler = handler;
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5]);
 
-                // Display the HTTP authentication dialog.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment httpAuthenticationDialogFragment = HttpAuthenticationDialog.displayDialog(host, realm);
-                httpAuthenticationDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.http_authentication));
-            }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-            // Update the URL in urlTextBox when the page starts to load.
-            @Override
-            public void onPageStarted(WebView view, String url, Bitmap favicon) {
-                // Reset the list of resource requests.
-                resourceRequests.clear();
+            case R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6]);
 
-                // Initialize the counters for requests blocked by each blocklist.
-                blockedRequests = 0;
-                easyListBlockedRequests = 0;
-                easyPrivacyBlockedRequests = 0;
-                fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests = 0;
-                fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests = 0;
-                ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests = 0;
-                thirdPartyBlockedRequests = 0;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // If night mode is enabled, hide `mainWebView` until after the night mode CSS is applied.
-                if (nightMode) {
-                    mainWebView.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
-                }
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7]);
 
-                // Hide the keyboard.  `0` indicates no additional flags.
-                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mainWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Check to see if Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot.
-                if (!waitingForOrbot) {  // We are not waiting on Orbot, so we need to process the URL.
-                    // We need to update `formattedUrlString` at the beginning of the load, so that if the user toggles JavaScript during the load the new website is reloaded.
-                    formattedUrlString = url;
+            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8]);
 
-                    // Display the formatted URL text.
-                    urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                    // Apply text highlighting to `urlTextBox`.
-                    highlightUrlText();
+            case R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9]);
 
-                    // Apply any custom domain settings if the URL was loaded by navigating history.
-                    if (navigatingHistory) {
-                        // Reset `navigatingHistory`.
-                        navigatingHistory = false;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                        // Apply the domain settings.
-                        applyDomainSettings(url, true, false);
-                    }
+            case R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10]);
 
-                    // Set `urlIsLoading` to `true`, so that redirects while loading do not trigger changes in the user agent, which forces another reload of the existing page.
-                    urlIsLoading = true;
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                    // Replace Refresh with Stop if the menu item has been created.  (The WebView typically begins loading before the menu items are instantiated.)
-                    if (refreshMenuItem != null) {
-                        // Set the title.
-                        refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.stop);
+            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11]);
 
-                        // If the icon is displayed in the AppBar, set it according to the theme.
-                        if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
-                            if (darkTheme) {
-                                refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_dark);
-                            } else {
-                                refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_light);
-                            }
-                        }
-                    }
-                }
-            }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-            // It is necessary to update `formattedUrlString` and `urlTextBox` after the page finishes loading because the final URL can change during load.
-            @Override
-            public void onPageFinished(WebView view, String url) {
-                // Reset the wide view port if it has been turned off by the waiting for Orbot message.
-                if (!waitingForOrbot) {
-                    mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
-                }
+            case R.id.user_agent_custom:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
 
-                // Flush any cookies to persistent storage.  `CookieManager` has become very lazy about flushing cookies in recent versions.
-                if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    cookieManager.flush();
-                }
+                // Reload the current WebView.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                // Update the Refresh menu item if it has been created.
-                if (refreshMenuItem != null) {
-                    // Reset the Refresh title.
-                    refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.refresh);
+            case R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(25);
+                return true;
 
-                    // If the icon is displayed in the AppBar, reset it according to the theme.
-                    if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
-                        if (darkTheme) {
-                            refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.refresh_enabled_dark);
-                        } else {
-                            refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.refresh_enabled_light);
-                        }
-                    }
-                }
+            case R.id.font_size_fifty_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(50);
+                return true;
 
-                // Reset `urlIsLoading`, which is used to prevent reloads on redirect if the user agent changes.
-                urlIsLoading = false;
+            case R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(75);
+                return true;
 
-                // Clear the cache and history if Incognito Mode is enabled.
-                if (incognitoModeEnabled) {
-                    // Clear the cache.  `true` includes disk files.
-                    mainWebView.clearCache(true);
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(100);
+                return true;
 
-                    // Clear the back/forward history.
-                    mainWebView.clearHistory();
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(125);
+                return true;
 
-                    // Manually delete cache folders.
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the main cache directory.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(150);
+                return true;
 
-                        // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
-                        // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not escape the string correctly otherwise.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
-                    } catch (IOException e) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(175);
+                return true;
 
-                // Update `urlTextBox` and apply domain settings if not waiting on Orbot.
-                if (!waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Check to see if `WebView` has set `url` to be `about:blank`.
-                    if (url.equals("about:blank")) {  // `WebView` is blank, so `formattedUrlString` should be `""` and `urlTextBox` should display a hint.
-                        // Set `formattedUrlString` to `""`.
-                        formattedUrlString = "";
+            case R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent:
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(200);
+                return true;
 
-                        urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
+            case R.id.swipe_to_refresh:
+                // Toggle the stored status of swipe to refresh.
+                currentWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(!currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh());
+
+                // Get a handle for the swipe refresh layout.
+                SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+
+                // Update the swipe refresh layout.
+                if (currentWebView.getSwipeToRefresh()) {  // Swipe to refresh is enabled.
+                    // Only enable the swipe refresh layout if the WebView is scrolled to the top.  It is updated every time the scroll changes.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(currentWebView.getY() == 0);
+                } else {  // Swipe to refresh is disabled.
+                    // Disable the swipe refresh layout.
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
+                }
+                return true;
 
-                        // Request focus for `urlTextBox`.
-                        urlTextBox.requestFocus();
+            case R.id.wide_viewport:
+                // Toggle the viewport.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(!currentWebView.getSettings().getUseWideViewPort());
+                return true;
 
-                        // Display the keyboard.
-                        inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlTextBox, 0);
-
-                        // Apply the domain settings.  This clears any settings from the previous domain.
-                        applyDomainSettings(formattedUrlString, true, false);
-                    } else {  // `WebView` has loaded a webpage.
-                        // Set `formattedUrlString`.
-                        formattedUrlString = url;
-
-                        // Only update `urlTextBox` if the user is not typing in it.
-                        if (!urlTextBox.hasFocus()) {
-                            // Display the formatted URL text.
-                            urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
-
-                            // Apply text highlighting to `urlTextBox`.
-                            highlightUrlText();
-                        }
-                    }
-
-                    // Store the SSL certificate so it can be accessed from `ViewSslCertificateDialog` and `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`.
-                    sslCertificate = mainWebView.getCertificate();
-
-                    // Check the current website SSL certificate against the pinned SSL certificate if there is a pinned SSL certificate the user has not chosen to ignore it for this session.
-                    if (pinnedDomainSslCertificate && !ignorePinnedSslCertificate) {
-                        // Initialize the current SSL certificate variables.
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = "";
-                        Date currentWebsiteSslStartDate = null;
-                        Date currentWebsiteSslEndDate = null;
-
-
-                        // Extract the individual pieces of information from the current website SSL certificate if it is not null.
-                        if (sslCertificate != null) {
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
-                            currentWebsiteSslStartDate = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate();
-                            currentWebsiteSslEndDate = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate();
-                        }
+            case R.id.display_images:
+                if (currentWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically()) {  // Images are currently loaded automatically.
+                    // Disable loading of images.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
 
-                        // Initialize `String` variables to store the SSL certificate dates.  `Strings` are needed to compare the values below, which doesn't work with `Dates` if they are `null`.
-                        String currentWebsiteSslStartDateString = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteSslEndDateString = "";
-                        String pinnedDomainSslStartDateString = "";
-                        String pinnedDomainSslEndDateString = "";
+                    // Reload the website to remove existing images.
+                    currentWebView.reload();
+                } else {  // Images are not currently loaded automatically.
+                    // Enable loading of images.  Missing images will be loaded without the need for a reload.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
+                }
+                return true;
 
-                        // Convert the `Dates` to `Strings` if they are not `null`.
-                        if (currentWebsiteSslStartDate != null) {
-                            currentWebsiteSslStartDateString = currentWebsiteSslStartDate.toString();
-                        }
+            case R.id.night_mode:
+                // Toggle night mode.
+                currentWebView.setNightMode(!currentWebView.getNightMode());
 
-                        if (currentWebsiteSslEndDate != null) {
-                            currentWebsiteSslEndDateString = currentWebsiteSslEndDate.toString();
-                        }
+                // Enable or disable JavaScript according to night mode, the global preference, and any domain settings.
+                if (currentWebView.getNightMode()) {  // Night mode is enabled, which requires JavaScript.
+                    // Enable JavaScript.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
+                } else if (currentWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are applied.  Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
+                    // Apply the JavaScript preference that was stored the last time domain settings were loaded.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(currentWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
+                } else {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are not applied.  Set JavaScript according to the global preference.
+                    // Apply the JavaScript preference.
+                    currentWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false));
+                }
 
-                        if (pinnedDomainSslStartDate != null) {
-                            pinnedDomainSslStartDateString = pinnedDomainSslStartDate.toString();
-                        }
+                // Update the privacy icons.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(false);
 
-                        if (pinnedDomainSslEndDate != null) {
-                            pinnedDomainSslEndDateString = pinnedDomainSslEndDate.toString();
-                        }
+                // Reload the website.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+                return true;
 
-                        // Check to see if the pinned SSL certificate matches the current website certificate.
-                        if (!currentWebsiteIssuedToCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString) || !currentWebsiteIssuedToOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString) ||
-                                !currentWebsiteIssuedToUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString) || !currentWebsiteIssuedByCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString) ||
-                                !currentWebsiteIssuedByOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString) || !currentWebsiteIssuedByUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString) ||
-                                !currentWebsiteSslStartDateString.equals(pinnedDomainSslStartDateString) || !currentWebsiteSslEndDateString.equals(pinnedDomainSslEndDateString)) {
-                            // The pinned SSL certificate doesn't match the current domain certificate.
-                            //Display the pinned SSL certificate mismatch `AlertDialog`.
-                            AppCompatDialogFragment pinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialogFragment = new PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog();
-                            pinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ssl_certificate_mismatch));
-                        }
-                    }
-                }
-            }
+            case R.id.find_on_page:
+                // Get a handle for the views.
+                Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+                LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+                EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
 
-            // Handle SSL Certificate errors.
-            @Override
-            public void onReceivedSslError(WebView view, SslErrorHandler handler, SslError error) {
-                // Get the current website SSL certificate.
-                SslCertificate currentWebsiteSslCertificate = error.getCertificate();
+                // Set the minimum height of the find on page linear layout to match the toolbar.
+                findOnPageLinearLayout.setMinimumHeight(toolbar.getHeight());
 
-                // Extract the individual pieces of information from the current website SSL certificate.
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
-                Date currentWebsiteSslStartDate = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate();
-                Date currentWebsiteSslEndDate = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate();
+                // Hide the toolbar.
+                toolbar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-                // Proceed to the website if the current SSL website certificate matches the pinned domain certificate.
-                if (pinnedDomainSslCertificate &&
-                        currentWebsiteIssuedToCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString) && currentWebsiteIssuedToOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString) &&
-                        currentWebsiteIssuedToUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString) && currentWebsiteIssuedByCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString) &&
-                        currentWebsiteIssuedByOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString) && currentWebsiteIssuedByUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString) &&
-                        currentWebsiteSslStartDate.equals(pinnedDomainSslStartDate) && currentWebsiteSslEndDate.equals(pinnedDomainSslEndDate)) {
-                    // An SSL certificate is pinned and matches the current domain certificate.
-                    // Proceed to the website without displaying an error.
-                    handler.proceed();
-                } else {  // Either there isn't a pinned SSL certificate or it doesn't match the current website certificate.
-                    // Store `handler` so it can be accesses from `onSslErrorCancel()` and `onSslErrorProceed()`.
-                    sslErrorHandler = handler;
+                // Show the find on page linear layout.
+                findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-                    // Display the SSL error `AlertDialog`.
-                    AppCompatDialogFragment sslCertificateErrorDialogFragment = SslCertificateErrorDialog.displayDialog(error);
-                    sslCertificateErrorDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ssl_certificate_error));
-                }
-            }
-        });
+                // Display the keyboard.  The app must wait 200 ms before running the command to work around a bug in Android.
+                // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5520085/android-show-softkeyboard-with-showsoftinput-is-not-working
+                findOnPageEditText.postDelayed(() -> {
+                    // Set the focus on `findOnPageEditText`.
+                    findOnPageEditText.requestFocus();
 
-        // Load the website if not waiting for Orbot to connect.
-        if (!waitingForOrbot) {
-            loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
-        }
-    }
+                    // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+                    InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
-    @Override
-    protected void onNewIntent(Intent intent) {
-        // Sets the new intent as the activity intent, so that any future `getIntent()`s pick up this one instead of creating a new activity.
-        setIntent(intent);
+                    // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+                    assert inputMethodManager != null;
 
-        // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
-        if (intent.getData() != null) {
-            // Get the intent data.
-            final Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
+                    // Display the keyboard.  `0` sets no input flags.
+                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(findOnPageEditText, 0);
+                }, 200);
+                return true;
 
-            // Load the website.
-            loadUrl(intentUriData.toString());
+            case R.id.print:
+                // Get a print manager instance.
+                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
 
-            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
-            }
+                // Remove the lint error below that print manager might be null.
+                assert printManager != null;
 
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
+                // Create a print document adapter from the current WebView.
+                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = currentWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
 
-            // Clear the keyboard if displayed and remove the focus on the urlTextBar if it has it.
-            mainWebView.requestFocus();
-        }
-    }
+                // Print the document.
+                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
+                return true;
 
-    @Override
-    public void onRestart() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onRestart();
+            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
+                // Instantiate the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                DialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.createDialog(currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getUrl(),
+                        currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
-        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
-            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
-            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
+                // Show the create home screen shortcut dialog.
+                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
+                return true;
 
-            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
-            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
+            case R.id.view_source:
+                // Create an intent to launch the view source activity.
+                Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
 
-            // Make it so.
-            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
-        }
+                // Add the variables to the intent.
+                viewSourceIntent.putExtra("user_agent", currentWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString());
+                viewSourceIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
 
-        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity..
-        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Apply the app settings.
-            applyAppSettings();
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(viewSourceIntent);
+                return true;
 
-            // Reload the webpage if displaying of images has been disabled in the Settings activity.
-            if (reloadOnRestart) {
-                // Reload `mainWebView`.
-                mainWebView.reload();
+            case R.id.share_url:
+                // Setup the share string.
+                String shareString = currentWebView.getTitle() + " – " + currentWebView.getUrl();
 
-                // Reset `reloadOnRestartBoolean`.
-                reloadOnRestart = false;
-            }
+                // Create the share intent.
+                Intent shareIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
+                shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, shareString);
+                shareIntent.setType("text/plain");
 
-            // Reset the return from settings flag.
-            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
-        }
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, getString(R.string.share_url)));
+                return true;
 
-        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the Domains activity.
-        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Reapply the domain settings.
-            applyDomainSettings(formattedUrlString, false, true);
+            case R.id.open_with_app:
+                openWithApp(currentWebView.getUrl());
+                return true;
 
-            // Reset `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart`.
-            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
-        }
+            case R.id.open_with_browser:
+                openWithBrowser(currentWebView.getUrl());
+                return true;
 
-        // Load the URL on restart to apply changes to night mode.
-        if (loadUrlOnRestart) {
-            // Load the current `formattedUrlString`.
-            loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+            case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
+                // Toggle the proxy through Orbot variable.
+                proxyThroughOrbot = !proxyThroughOrbot;
 
-            // Reset `loadUrlOnRestart.
-            loadUrlOnRestart = false;
-        }
+                // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+                applyProxyThroughOrbot(true);
+                return true;
 
-        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
-        if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer.
-            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            case R.id.refresh:
+                if (menuItem.getTitle().equals(getString(R.string.refresh))) {  // The refresh button was pushed.
+                    // Reload the current WebView.
+                    currentWebView.reload();
+                } else {  // The stop button was pushed.
+                    // Stop the loading of the WebView.
+                    currentWebView.stopLoading();
+                }
+                return true;
 
-            // Reload the bookmarks drawer.
-            loadBookmarksFolder();
+            case R.id.ad_consent:
+                // Display the ad consent dialog.
+                DialogFragment adConsentDialogFragment = new AdConsentDialog();
+                adConsentDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ad_consent));
+                return true;
 
-            // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
-            restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
+            default:
+                // Don't consume the event.
+                return super.onOptionsItemSelected(menuItem);
         }
-
-        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
     }
 
-    // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
+    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
     @Override
-    public void onResume() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onResume();
+    public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
+        // Get the menu item ID.
+        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
 
-        // Resume JavaScript (if enabled).
-        mainWebView.resumeTimers();
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Resume `mainWebView`.
-        mainWebView.onResume();
+        // Run the commands that correspond to the selected menu item.
+        switch (menuItemId) {
+            case R.id.clear_and_exit:
+                // Clear and exit Privacy Browser.
+                clearAndExit();
+                break;
 
-        // Resume the adView for the free flavor.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-            // Resume the ad.
-            AdHelper.resumeAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-        }
+            case R.id.home:
+                // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                    // Load the Tor homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                } else {
+                    // Load the normal homepage.
+                    loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                }
+                break;
 
-        // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
-        if (waitingForOrbot && !orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
-            // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
-            mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
+            case R.id.back:
+                if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-            // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-            mainWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHtmlString, "text/html", null);
-        }
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
-        if (displayingFullScreenVideo) {
-            // Remove the translucent overlays.
-            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+                    // Load the previous website in the history.
+                    currentWebView.goBack();
+                }
+                break;
 
-            // Remove the translucent status bar overlay on the `Drawer Layout`, which is special and needs its own command.
-            drawerLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN);
+            case R.id.forward:
+                if (currentWebView.canGoForward()) {
+                    // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+                    currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
 
-            /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
-             */
-            rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
-        }
-    }
+                    // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+                    currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
 
-    @Override
-    public void onPause() {
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onPause();
+                    // Load the next website in the history.
+                    currentWebView.goForward();
+                }
+                break;
 
-        // Pause `mainWebView`.
-        mainWebView.onPause();
+            case R.id.history:
+                // Instantiate the URL history dialog.
+                DialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-        // Stop all JavaScript.
-        mainWebView.pauseTimers();
+                // Show the URL history dialog.
+                urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
+                break;
 
-        // Pause the ad or it will continue to consume resources in the background on the free flavor.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-            // Pause the ad.
-            AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
-        }
-    }
+            case R.id.requests:
+                // Populate the resource requests.
+                RequestsActivity.resourceRequests = currentWebView.getResourceRequests();
 
-    @Override
-    public void onDestroy() {
-        // Unregister the Orbot status broadcast receiver.
-        this.unregisterReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver);
+                // Create an intent to launch the Requests activity.
+                Intent requestsIntent = new Intent(this, RequestsActivity.class);
 
-        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
-        bookmarksCursor.close();
-        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
+                // Add the block third-party requests status to the intent.
+                requestsIntent.putExtra("block_all_third_party_requests", currentWebView.isBlocklistEnabled(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS));
 
-        // Run the default commands.
-        super.onDestroy();
-    }
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(requestsIntent);
+                break;
 
-    @Override
-    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
-        // Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
-        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.webview_options_menu, menu);
+            case R.id.downloads:
+                // Launch the system Download Manager.
+                Intent downloadManagerIntent = new Intent(DownloadManager.ACTION_VIEW_DOWNLOADS);
 
-        // Set mainMenu so it can be used by `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `updatePrivacyIcons`.
-        mainMenu = menu;
+                // Launch as a new task so that Download Manager and Privacy Browser show as separate windows in the recent tasks list.
+                downloadManagerIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
 
-        // Set the initial status of the privacy icons.  `false` does not call `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(false);
+                startActivity(downloadManagerIntent);
+                break;
 
-        // Get handles for the menu items.
-        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
-        blocklistsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.blocklists);
-        easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
-        easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
-        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
-        ultraPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy);
-        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
-        MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
+            case R.id.domains:
+                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
+                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-        // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
-        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21);
+                // Launch the domains activity.
+                Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
 
-        // Only display the form data menu items if the API < 26.
-        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
-        clearFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
+                // Add the extra information to the intent.
+                domainsIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+
+                // Get the current certificate.
+                SslCertificate sslCertificate = currentWebView.getCertificate();
+
+                // Check to see if the SSL certificate is populated.
+                if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                    // Extract the certificate to strings.
+                    String issuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                    String issuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                    String issuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                    String issuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                    String issuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                    String issuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                    long startDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate().getTime();
+                    long endDateLong = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate().getTime();
+
+                    // Add the certificate to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_cname", issuedToCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_oname", issuedToOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_to_uname", issuedToUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_cname", issuedByCName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_oname", issuedByOName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_issued_by_uname", issuedByUName);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_start_date", startDateLong);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("ssl_end_date", endDateLong);
+                }
 
-        // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
-        adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
+                // Check to see if the current IP addresses have been received.
+                if (currentWebView.hasCurrentIpAddresses()) {
+                    // Add the current IP addresses to the intent.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("current_ip_addresses", currentWebView.getCurrentIpAddresses());
+                }
 
-        // Get the shared preference values.
-        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                break;
 
-        // Get the status of the additional AppBar icons.
-        displayAdditionalAppBarIcons = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false);
+            case R.id.settings:
+                // Set the flag to reapply app settings on restart when returning from Settings.
+                reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = true;
 
-        // Set the status of the additional app bar icons.  Setting the refresh menu item to `SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS` makes it appear even on small devices like phones.
-        if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
-            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
-            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
-            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS);
-        } else { //Do not display the additional icons.
-            toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
-            toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
-            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
+                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
+
+                // Launch the settings activity.
+                Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
+                startActivity(settingsIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.import_export:
+                // Launch the import/export activity.
+                Intent importExportIntent = new Intent (this, ImportExportActivity.class);
+                startActivity(importExportIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.logcat:
+                // Launch the logcat activity.
+                Intent logcatIntent = new Intent(this, LogcatActivity.class);
+                startActivity(logcatIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.guide:
+                // Launch `GuideActivity`.
+                Intent guideIntent = new Intent(this, GuideActivity.class);
+                startActivity(guideIntent);
+                break;
+
+            case R.id.about:
+                // Create an intent to launch the about activity.
+                Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
+
+                // Create a string array for the blocklist versions.
+                String[] blocklistVersions = new String[] {easyList.get(0).get(0)[0], easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0], fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0],
+                        ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0]};
+
+                // Add the blocklist versions to the intent.
+                aboutIntent.putExtra("blocklist_versions", blocklistVersions);
+
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(aboutIntent);
+                break;
+        }
+
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+
+        // Close the navigation drawer.
+        drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        return true;
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onPostCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onPostCreate(savedInstanceState);
+
+        // Sync the state of the DrawerToggle after the default `onRestoreInstanceState()` has finished.  This creates the navigation drawer icon.
+        actionBarDrawerToggle.syncState();
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
+
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
+
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
+
+        // Recalculate the drawer header padding.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+
+        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if not in full screen mode.
+        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free") && !inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
+            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+        }
+
+        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` should recalculate the number of action buttons from the menu to display on the app bar, but it doesn't because of the this bug:
+        // https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=20493#c8
+        // ActivityCompat.invalidateOptionsMenu(this);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View view, ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
+        // Store the hit test result.
+        final WebView.HitTestResult hitTestResult = currentWebView.getHitTestResult();
+
+        // Create the URL strings.
+        final String imageUrl;
+        final String linkUrl;
+
+        // Get handles for the system managers.
+        final ClipboardManager clipboardManager = (ClipboardManager) getSystemService(CLIPBOARD_SERVICE);
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Remove the lint errors below that the clipboard manager might be null.
+        assert clipboardManager != null;
+
+        // Process the link according to the type.
+        switch (hitTestResult.getType()) {
+            // `SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE` is a link.
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_ANCHOR_TYPE:
+                // Get the target URL.
+                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+
+                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the link URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a Copy URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Save the link URL in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), linkUrl);
+
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcAnchorTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a Download URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
+                            downloadUrl = linkUrl;
+                            downloadContentDisposition = "none";
+                            downloadContentLength = -1;
+
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
+
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
+                            DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
+
+                            // Show the download file alert dialog.
+                            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
+
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.EMAIL_TYPE:
+                // Get the target URL.
+                linkUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+
+                // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
+
+                // Add a Write Email entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
+                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
+
+                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
+                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse("mailto:" + linkUrl));
+
+                    // `FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK` opens the email program in a new task instead as part of Privacy Browser.
+                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(emailIntent);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a Copy Email Address entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
+
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcEmailTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
+
+            // `IMAGE_TYPE` is an image. `SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE` is an image that is also a link.  Privacy Browser processes them the same.
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.IMAGE_TYPE:
+            case WebView.HitTestResult.SRC_IMAGE_ANCHOR_TYPE:
+                // Get the image URL.
+                imageUrl = hitTestResult.getExtra();
+
+                // Set the image URL as the title of the context menu.
+                menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
+
+                // Add an Open in New Tab entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_in_new_tab).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Load the image URL in a new tab.
+                    addNewTab(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a View Image entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    loadUrl(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false)) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
+
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
+
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
+                            DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
+
+                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
+                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                    // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
+                    ClipData srcImageAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
+
+                    // Set the `ClipData` as the clipboard's primary clip.
+                    clipboardManager.setPrimaryClip(srcImageAnchorTypeClipData);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                menu.add(R.string.cancel);
+                break;
+        }
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+
+        // Get the views from the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText createBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_url_edittext);
+
+        // Extract the strings from the edit texts.
+        String bookmarkNameString = createBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = createBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+        // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+        // Display the new bookmark below the current items in the (0 indexed) list.
+        int newBookmarkDisplayOrder = bookmarksListView.getCount();
+
+        // Create the bookmark.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
+
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+
+        // Scroll to the new bookmark.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(newBookmarkDisplayOrder);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onCreateBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get a handle for the bookmarks list view.
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+
+        // Get handles for the views in the dialog fragment.
+        EditText createFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView folderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.create_folder_default_icon);
+
+        // Get new folder name string.
+        String folderNameString = createFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Create a folder icon bitmap.
+        Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+
+        // Set the folder icon bitmap according to the dialog.
+        if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Use the default folder icon.
+            // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+            Drawable folderIconDrawable = folderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+
+            // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+            BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+        } else {  // Use the WebView favorite icon.
+            // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+            folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+        }
+
+        // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+        ByteArrayOutputStream folderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+        // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+        folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, folderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+        // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+        byte[] folderIconByteArray = folderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+        // Move all the bookmarks down one in the display order.
+        for (int i = 0; i < bookmarksListView.getCount(); i++) {
+            int databaseId = (int) bookmarksListView.getItemIdAtPosition(i);
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateDisplayOrder(databaseId, i + 1);
+        }
+
+        // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
+
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+
+        // Scroll to the new folder.
+        bookmarksListView.setSelection(0);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmark(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editBookmarkNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_name_edittext);
+        EditText editBookmarkUrlEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_url_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentBookmarkIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_bookmark_current_icon_radiobutton);
+
+        // Store the bookmark strings.
+        String bookmarkNameString = editBookmarkNameEditText.getText().toString();
+        String bookmarkUrlString = editBookmarkUrlEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Update the bookmark.
+        if (currentBookmarkIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Update the bookmark without changing the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString);
+        } else {  // Update the bookmark using the `WebView` favorite icon.
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFavoriteIconByteArray = newFavoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+            //  Update the bookmark and the favorite icon.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
+        }
+
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the list view.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onSaveBookmarkFolder(DialogFragment dialogFragment, int selectedFolderDatabaseId, Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap) {
+        // Get handles for the views from `dialogFragment`.
+        EditText editFolderNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_name_edittext);
+        RadioButton currentFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_current_icon_radiobutton);
+        RadioButton defaultFolderIconRadioButton = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_radiobutton);
+        ImageView defaultFolderIconImageView = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.edit_folder_default_icon_imageview);
+
+        // Get the new folder name.
+        String newFolderNameString = editFolderNameEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Check if the favorite icon has changed.
+        if (currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {  // Only the name has changed.
+            // Update the name in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString);
+        } else if (!currentFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked() && newFolderNameString.equals(oldFolderNameString)) {  // Only the icon has changed.
+            // Create the new folder icon Bitmap.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+
+            // Populate the new folder icon bitmap.
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
+
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+            // Update the folder icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        } else {  // The folder icon and the name have changed.
+            // Get the new folder icon `Bitmap`.
+            Bitmap folderIconBitmap;
+            if (defaultFolderIconRadioButton.isChecked()) {
+                // Get the default folder icon drawable.
+                Drawable folderIconDrawable = defaultFolderIconImageView.getDrawable();
+
+                // Convert the folder icon drawable to a bitmap drawable.
+                BitmapDrawable folderIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) folderIconDrawable;
+
+                // Convert the folder icon bitmap drawable to a bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = folderIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            } else {  // Use the `WebView` favorite icon.
+                // Copy the favorite icon bitmap to the folder icon bitmap.
+                folderIconBitmap = favoriteIconBitmap;
+            }
+
+            // Create a folder icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+
+            // Convert the folder icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            folderIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream);
+
+            // Convert the folder icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] newFolderIconByteArray = newFolderIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
+
+            // Update the folder name and icon in the database.
+            bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, newFolderIconByteArray);
+        }
+
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+        // Update the `ListView`.
+        bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
+        switch (downloadType) {
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
+
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
+        }
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
+        // Get a handle for the fragment manager.
+        FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
+
+        switch (requestCode) {
+            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
+
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
+
+                // Reset the download variables.
+                downloadUrl = "";
+                downloadContentDisposition = "";
+                downloadContentLength = 0;
+                break;
+
+            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                DialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
+
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(fragmentManager, getString(R.string.download));
+                }
+
+                // Reset the image URL variable.
+                downloadImageUrl = "";
+                break;
+        }
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onDownloadImage(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String imageUrl) {
+        // Download the image if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (imageUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
+
+            // Parse `imageUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(imageUrl));
+
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download images from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `imageUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(imageUrl);
+
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
+
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
+            String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
+
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            }
+
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(imageUrl);
+
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
+
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The image is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_image, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
+        }
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onDownloadFile(DialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
+        // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+        if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
+            // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
+            DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
+
+            // Parse `downloadUrl`.
+            DownloadManager.Request downloadRequest = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(downloadUrl));
+
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+
+            // Pass cookies to download manager if cookies are enabled.  This is required to download files from websites that require a login.
+            // Code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+            if (cookieManager.acceptCookie()) {
+                // Get the cookies for `downloadUrl`.
+                String cookies = cookieManager.getCookie(downloadUrl);
+
+                // Add the cookies to `downloadRequest`.  In the HTTP request header, cookies are named `Cookie`.
+                downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
+            }
+
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
+            EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
+            String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
+
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            }
+
+            // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
+            downloadRequest.allowScanningByMediaScanner();
+
+            // Add the URL as the description for the download.
+            downloadRequest.setDescription(downloadUrl);
+
+            // Show the download notification after the download is completed.
+            downloadRequest.setNotificationVisibility(DownloadManager.Request.VISIBILITY_VISIBLE_NOTIFY_COMPLETED);
+
+            // Remove the lint warning below that `downloadManager` might be `null`.
+            assert downloadManager != null;
+
+            // Initiate the download.
+            downloadManager.enqueue(downloadRequest);
+        } else {  // The download is not an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
+            Snackbar.make(currentWebView, R.string.cannot_download_file, Snackbar.LENGTH_INDEFINITE).show();
         }
+    }
 
-        // Replace Refresh with Stop if a URL is already loading.
-        if (urlIsLoading) {
-            // Set the title.
-            refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.stop);
+    // Override `onBackPressed` to handle the navigation drawer and and the WebView.
+    @Override
+    public void onBackPressed() {
+        // Get a handle for the drawer layout and the tab layout.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+
+        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {  // The navigation drawer is open.
+            // Close the navigation drawer.
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        } else if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)){  // The bookmarks drawer is open.
+            if (currentBookmarksFolder.isEmpty()) {  // The home folder is displayed.
+                // close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
+                // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
+
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            }
+        } else if (currentWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the current WebView history.
+            // Reset the current domain name so that navigation works if third-party requests are blocked.
+            currentWebView.resetCurrentDomainName();
+
+            // Set navigating history so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
+            currentWebView.setNavigatingHistory(true);
+
+            // Go back.
+            currentWebView.goBack();
+        } else if (tabLayout.getTabCount() > 1) {  // There are at least two tabs.
+            // Close the current tab.
+            closeCurrentTab();
+        } else {  // There isn't anything to do in Privacy Browser.
+            // Run the default commands.
+            super.onBackPressed();
+
+            // Manually kill Privacy Browser.  Otherwise, it is glitchy when restarted.
+            System.exit(0);
+        }
+    }
+
+    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
+    @Override
+    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
+        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            // Pass the file to the WebView.
+            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
+        }
+    }
+
+    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
+        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+
+        // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
+        String unformattedUrlString = urlEditText.getText().toString().trim();
+
+        // Initialize the formatted URL string.
+        String url = "";
+
+        // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
+        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {  // This is a Content URL.
+            // Load the entire content URL.
+            url = unformattedUrlString;
+        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://") ||
+                unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a standard URL.
+            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
+            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
+            }
+
+            // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
+            URL unformattedUrl = null;
+
+            // Convert `unformattedUrlString` to a `URL`, then to a `URI`, and then back to a `String`, which sanitizes the input and adds in any missing components.
+            try {
+                unformattedUrl = new URL(unformattedUrlString);
+            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
+                e.printStackTrace();
+            }
+
+            // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
+            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
+            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
+            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
+            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
+            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
+
+            // Build the URI.
+            Uri.Builder uri = new Uri.Builder();
+            uri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
+
+            // Decode the URI as a UTF-8 string in.
+            try {
+                url = URLDecoder.decode(uri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                // Do nothing.  The formatted URL string will remain blank.
+            }
+        } else if (!unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // This is not a URL, but rather a search string.
+            // Create an encoded URL String.
+            String encodedUrlString;
+
+            // Sanitize the search input.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
+            }
+
+            // Add the base search URL.
+            url = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+        }
+
+        // Clear the focus from the URL edit text.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
+        urlEditText.clearFocus();
+
+        // Make it so.
+        loadUrl(url);
+    }
+
+    private void loadUrl(String url) {
+        // Sanitize the URL.
+        url = sanitizeUrl(url);
+
+        // Apply the domain settings.
+        applyDomainSettings(currentWebView, url, true, false);
+
+        // Load the URL.
+        currentWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
+    }
+
+    public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the previous highlighted phrase on the page.  `false` goes backwards instead of forwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(false);
+    }
+
+    public void findNextOnPage(View view) {
+        // Go to the next highlighted phrase on the page. `true` goes forwards instead of backwards.
+        currentWebView.findNext(true);
+    }
+
+    public void closeFindOnPage(View view) {
+        // Get a handle for the views.
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+
+        // Delete the contents of `find_on_page_edittext`.
+        findOnPageEditText.setText(null);
+
+        // Clear the highlighted phrases if the WebView is not null.
+        if (currentWebView != null) {
+            currentWebView.clearMatches();
+        }
+
+        // Hide the find on page linear layout.
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+
+        // Show the toolbar.
+        toolbar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+        // Get a handle for the input method manager.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+
+        // Hide the keyboard.
+        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(toolbar.getWindowToken(), 0);
+    }
+
+    private void applyAppSettings() {
+        // Initialize the app if this is the first run.  This is done here instead of in `onCreate()` to shorten the time that an unthemed background is displayed on app startup.
+        if (webViewDefaultUserAgent == null) {
+            initializeApp();
+        }
+
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
+        incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
+        boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
+        sanitizeGoogleAnalytics = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("google_analytics", true);
+        sanitizeFacebookClickIds = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("facebook_click_ids", true);
+        sanitizeTwitterAmpRedirects = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("twitter_amp_redirects", true);
+        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
+        fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
+        hideAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_app_bar", true);
+        scrollAppBar = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("scroll_app_bar", true);
+
+        // Get handles for the views that need to be modified.
+        FrameLayout rootFrameLayout = findViewById(R.id.root_framelayout);
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
+        ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
+        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
+        LinearLayout findOnPageLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_linearlayout);
+        LinearLayout tabsLinearLayout = findViewById(R.id.tabs_linearlayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+
+        // Remove the incorrect lint warning below that the action bar might be null.
+        assert actionBar != null;
+
+        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
+
+        // Set Do Not Track status.
+        if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
+            customHeaders.put("DNT", "1");
+        } else {
+            customHeaders.remove("DNT");
+        }
+
+        // Get the current layout parameters.  Using coordinator layout parameters allows the `setBehavior()` command and using app bar layout parameters allows the `setScrollFlags()` command.
+        CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams swipeRefreshLayoutParams = (CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams) swipeRefreshLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams toolbarLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) toolbar.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams findOnPageLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) findOnPageLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+        AppBarLayout.LayoutParams tabsLayoutParams = (AppBarLayout.LayoutParams) tabsLinearLayout.getLayoutParams();
+
+        // Add the scrolling behavior to the layout parameters.
+        if (scrollAppBar) {
+            // Enable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(new AppBarLayout.ScrollingViewBehavior());
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SCROLL | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_ENTER_ALWAYS | AppBarLayout.LayoutParams.SCROLL_FLAG_SNAP);
+        } else {
+            // Disable scrolling of the app bar.
+            swipeRefreshLayoutParams.setBehavior(null);
+            toolbarLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            findOnPageLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+            tabsLayoutParams.setScrollFlags(0);
+
+            // Expand the app bar if it is currently collapsed.
+            appBarLayout.setExpanded(true);
+        }
+
+        // Apply the modified layout parameters.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setLayoutParams(swipeRefreshLayoutParams);
+        toolbar.setLayoutParams(toolbarLayoutParams);
+        findOnPageLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(findOnPageLayoutParams);
+        tabsLinearLayout.setLayoutParams(tabsLayoutParams);
+
+        // Set the app bar scrolling for each WebView.
+        for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+            // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+            WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
+
+            // Get the fragment view.
+            View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
+
+            // Only modify the WebViews if they exist.
+            if (fragmentView != null) {
+                // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
+
+                // Set the app bar scrolling.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(scrollAppBar);
+            }
+        }
+
+        // Update the full screen browsing mode settings.
+        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Update the visibility of the app bar, which might have changed in the settings.
+            if (hideAppBar) {
+                // Hide the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+
+                // Hide the action bar.
+                actionBar.hide();
+            } else {
+                // Show the tab linear layout.
+                tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+                // Show the action bar.
+                actionBar.show();
+            }
+
+            // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+            }
+
+            // Remove the translucent status flag.  This is necessary so the root frame layout can fill the entire screen.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+
+            /* Hide the system bars.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN makes the root frame layout fill the area that is normally reserved for the status bar.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION |
+                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
+            inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+
+            // Show the tab linear layout.
+            tabsLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+
+            // Show the action bar.
+            actionBar.show();
+
+            // Show the banner ad in the free flavor.
+            if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                // Initialize the ads.  If this isn't the first run, `loadAd()` will be automatically called instead.
+                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+            }
+
+            // Remove the `SYSTEM_UI` flags from the root frame layout.
+            rootFrameLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+
+            // Add the translucent status flag.
+            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+        }
+    }
+
+    private void initializeApp() {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+        // Get the theme preference.
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+
+        // Get a handle for the input method.
+        InputMethodManager inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
+
+        // Remove the lint warning below that the input method manager might be null.
+        assert inputMethodManager != null;
+
+        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
+        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
+        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+
+        // Get handles for the URL views.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+
+        // Remove the formatting from the URL edit text when the user is editing the text.
+        urlEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
+            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
+                // Remove the highlighting.
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
+                urlEditText.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
+            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
+                // Move to the beginning of the string.
+                urlEditText.setSelection(0);
+
+                // Reapply the highlighting.
+                highlightUrlText();
+            }
+        });
+
+        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
+        urlEditText.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
+            // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
+                // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
+                loadUrlFromTextBox();
+
+                // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {
+                // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
+                return false;
+            }
+        });
+
+        // Initialize the Orbot status and the waiting for Orbot trackers.
+        orbotStatus = "unknown";
+        waitingForOrbot = false;
+
+        // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
+        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
+            @Override
+            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
+                // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
+                orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
+
+                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
+                if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
+                    // Reset the waiting for Orbot status.
+                    waitingForOrbot = false;
+
+                    // Get the intent that started the app.
+                    Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
+
+                    // Get the information from the intent.
+                    String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
+                    Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
+
+                    // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+                    if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
+                        // Create an encoded URL string.
+                        String encodedUrlString;
+
+                        // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+                        try {
+                            encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+                        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                            encodedUrlString = "";
+                        }
+
+                        // Load the completed search URL.
+                        loadUrl(searchURL + encodedUrlString);
+                    } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
+                        // Load the URL from the intent.
+                        loadUrl(launchingIntentUriData.toString());
+                    } else {  // The is no URL in the intent.
+                        // Select the homepage based on the proxy through Orbot status.
+                        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+                            // Load the Tor homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value)));
+                        } else {
+                            // Load the normal homepage.
+                            loadUrl(sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value)));
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
+            }
+        };
+
+        // Register `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` on `this` context.
+        this.registerReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter("org.torproject.android.intent.action.STATUS"));
+
+        // Get handles for views that need to be modified.
+        DrawerLayout drawerLayout = findViewById(R.id.drawerlayout);
+        NavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigationview);
+        TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
+        SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
+        ViewPager webViewPager = findViewById(R.id.webviewpager);
+        ListView bookmarksListView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_drawer_listview);
+        FloatingActionButton launchBookmarksActivityFab = findViewById(R.id.launch_bookmarks_activity_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFolderFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_folder_fab);
+        FloatingActionButton createBookmarkFab = findViewById(R.id.create_bookmark_fab);
+        EditText findOnPageEditText = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_edittext);
+
+        // Listen for touches on the navigation menu.
+        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(this);
 
-            // If the icon is displayed in the AppBar, set it according to the theme.
-            if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
-                if (darkTheme) {
-                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_dark);
-                } else {
-                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_light);
-                }
+        // Get handles for the navigation menu and the back and forward menu items.  The menu is zero-based.
+        Menu navigationMenu = navigationView.getMenu();
+        MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(2);
+        MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
+        MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
+        MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(5);
+
+        // Update the web view pager every time a tab is modified.
+        webViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
+                // Do nothing.
             }
-        }
 
-        return true;
-    }
+            @Override
+            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
+                // Close the find on page bar if it is open.
+                closeFindOnPage(null);
 
-    @Override
-    public boolean onPrepareOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
-        // Get handles for the menu items.
-        MenuItem addOrEditDomain = menu.findItem(R.id.add_or_edit_domain);
-        MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem clearDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_data);
-        MenuItem clearCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_cookies);
-        MenuItem clearDOMStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        MenuItem fontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size);
-        MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
-        MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
-        MenuItem nightModeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.night_mode);
-        MenuItem proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.proxy_through_orbot);
+                // Set the current WebView.
+                setCurrentWebView(position);
 
-        // Set the text for the domain menu item.
-        if (domainSettingsApplied) {
-            addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.edit_domain_settings);
-        } else {
-            addOrEditDomain.setTitle(R.string.add_domain_settings);
-        }
+                // Select the corresponding tab if it does not match the currently selected page.  This will happen if the page was scrolled via swiping in the view pager or by creating a new tab.
+                if (tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition() != position) {
+                    // Create a handler to select the tab.
+                    Handler selectTabHandler = new Handler();
 
-        // Set the status of the menu item checkboxes.
-        toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
-        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
-        toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setChecked(domStorageEnabled);
-        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setChecked(saveFormDataEnabled);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        easyListMenuItem.setChecked(easyListEnabled);
-        easyPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(easyPrivacyEnabled);
-        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setChecked(fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setChecked(fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled);
-        ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(ultraPrivacyEnabled);
-        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(blockAllThirdPartyRequests);
-        swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(swipeRefreshLayout.isEnabled());
-        displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(mainWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
-        nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(nightMode);
-        proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem.setChecked(proxyThroughOrbot);
+                    // Create a runnable to select the tab.
+                    Runnable selectTabRunnable = () -> {
+                        // Get a handle for the tab.
+                        TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
 
-        // Enable third-party cookies if first-party cookies are enabled.
-        toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                        // Assert that the tab is not null.
+                        assert tab != null;
 
-        // Enable DOM Storage if JavaScript is enabled.
-        toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
+                        // Select the tab.
+                        tab.select();
+                    };
 
-        // Enable Clear Cookies if there are any.
-        clearCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.hasCookies());
+                    // Select the tab layout after 150 milliseconds, which leaves enough time for a new tab to be inflated.
+                    selectTabHandler.postDelayed(selectTabRunnable, 150);
+                }
+            }
 
-        // Get a count of the number of files in the Local Storage directory.
-        File localStorageDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/");
-        int localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
-        if (localStorageDirectory.exists()) {
-            localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = localStorageDirectory.list().length;
-        }
+            @Override
+            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+        });
 
-        // Get a count of the number of files in the IndexedDB directory.
-        File indexedDBDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-        int indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
-        if (indexedDBDirectory.exists()) {
-            indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = indexedDBDirectory.list().length;
-        }
+        // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog when the currently selected tab is reselected.
+        tabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Select the same page in the view pager.
+                webViewPager.setCurrentItem(tab.getPosition());
+            }
 
-        // Enable Clear DOM Storage if there is any.
-        clearDOMStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0 || indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0);
+            @Override
+            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-        // Enable Clear Form Data is there is any.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
-            WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
-            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebViewDatabase.hasFormData());
+            @Override
+            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {
+                // Instantiate the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                DialogFragment viewSslCertificateDialogFragment = ViewSslCertificateDialog.displayDialog(currentWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
+
+                // Display the View SSL Certificate dialog.
+                viewSslCertificateDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.view_ssl_certificate));
+            }
+        });
+
+        // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
+        // The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21 and and `getResources().getColor()` must be used until the minimum API >= 23.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
         } else {
-            // Disable clear form data because it is not supported on current version of Android.
-            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(false);
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
         }
 
-        // Enable Clear Data if any of the submenu items are enabled.
-        clearDataMenuItem.setEnabled(clearCookiesMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearDOMStorageMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearFormDataMenuItem.isEnabled());
-
-        // Disable Fanboy's Social Blocking List if Fanboy's Annoyance List is checked.
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+        // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
+        launchBookmarksActivityFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Get a copy of the favorite icon bitmap.
+            Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap = currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon();
 
-        // Initialize the display names for the blocklists with the number of blocked requests.
-        blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + blockedRequests);
-        easyListMenuItem.setTitle(easyListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
-        easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(easyPrivacyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
-        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
-        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
-        ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
-        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(thirdPartyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
+            // Create a favorite icon byte array output stream.
+            ByteArrayOutputStream favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
 
-        // Get the current user agent.
-        String currentUserAgent = mainWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+            // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to a byte array.  `0` is for lossless compression (the only option for a PNG).
+            favoriteIconBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 0, favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream);
 
-        // Select the current user agent menu item.  A switch statement cannot be used because the user agents are not compile time constants.
-        if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0])) {  // Privacy Browser.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(webViewDefaultUserAgent)) {  // WebView Default.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_webview_default).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2])) {  // Firefox on Android.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3])) {  // Chrome on Android.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4])) {  // Safari on iOS.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5])) {  // Firefox on Linux.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6])) {  // Chromium on Linux.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7])) {  // Firefox on Windows.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8])) {  // Chrome on Windows.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9])) {  // Edge on Windows.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10])) {  // Internet Explorer on Windows.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows).setChecked(true);
-        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11])) {  // Safari on macOS.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos).setChecked(true);
-        } else {  // Custom user agent.
-            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_custom).setChecked(true);
-        }
+            // Convert the favorite icon byte array stream to a byte array.
+            byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = favoriteIconByteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
 
-        // Initialize font size variables.
-        int fontSize = mainWebView.getSettings().getTextZoom();
-        String fontSizeTitle;
-        MenuItem selectedFontSizeMenuItem;
+            // Create an intent to launch the bookmarks activity.
+            Intent bookmarksIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), BookmarksActivity.class);
 
-        // Prepare the font size title and current size menu item.
-        switch (fontSize) {
-            case 25:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.twenty_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent);
-                break;
+            // Add the extra information to the intent.
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_url", currentWebView.getUrl());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_title", currentWebView.getTitle());
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("current_folder", currentBookmarksFolder);
+            bookmarksIntent.putExtra("favorite_icon_byte_array", favoriteIconByteArray);
 
-            case 50:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.fifty_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_fifty_percent);
-                break;
+            // Make it so.
+            startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
+        });
 
-            case 75:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.seventy_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent);
-                break;
+        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
+            // Create a create bookmark folder dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.createBookmarkFolder(currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-            case 100:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
-                break;
+            // Show the create bookmark folder dialog.
+            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_folder));
+        });
 
-            case 125:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent);
-                break;
+        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
+        createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
+            // Instantiate the create bookmark dialog.
+            DialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = CreateBookmarkDialog.createBookmark(currentWebView.getUrl(), currentWebView.getTitle(), currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
 
-            case 150:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_fifty_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent);
-                break;
+            // Display the create bookmark dialog.
+            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
+        });
 
-            case 175:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent);
-                break;
+        // Search for the string on the page whenever a character changes in the `findOnPageEditText`.
+        findOnPageEditText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
+            @Override
+            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-            case 200:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.two_hundred_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent);
-                break;
+            @Override
+            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
 
-            default:
-                fontSizeTitle = getString(R.string.font_size) + " - " + getString(R.string.one_hundred_percent);
-                selectedFontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent);
-                break;
-        }
+            @Override
+            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
+                // Search for the text in the WebView if it is not null.  Sometimes on resume after a period of non-use the WebView will be null.
+                if (currentWebView != null) {
+                    currentWebView.findAllAsync(findOnPageEditText.getText().toString());
+                }
+            }
+        });
 
-        // Set the font size title and select the current size menu item.
-        fontSizeMenuItem.setTitle(fontSizeTitle);
-        selectedFontSizeMenuItem.setChecked(true);
+        // Set the `check mark` button for the `findOnPageEditText` keyboard to close the soft keyboard.
+        findOnPageEditText.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
+            if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {  // The `enter` key was pressed.
+                // Hide the soft keyboard.
+                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
 
-        // Run all the other default commands.
-        super.onPrepareOptionsMenu(menu);
+                // Consume the event.
+                return true;
+            } else {  // A different key was pressed.
+                // Do not consume the event.
+                return false;
+            }
+        });
 
-        // Display the menu.
-        return true;
-    }
+        // Implement swipe to refresh.
+        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> currentWebView.reload());
 
-    @Override
-    // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.
-    @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
-    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem menuItem) {
-        // Get the selected menu item ID.
-        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
+        // Store the default progress view offsets for use later in `initializeWebView()`.
+        defaultProgressViewStartOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewStartOffset();
+        defaultProgressViewEndOffset = swipeRefreshLayout.getProgressViewEndOffset();
 
-        // Set the commands that relate to the menu entries.
-        switch (menuItemId) {
-            case R.id.toggle_javascript:
-                // Switch the status of javaScriptEnabled.
-                javaScriptEnabled = !javaScriptEnabled;
+        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_800);
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
+        } else {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_500);
+        }
 
-                // Apply the new JavaScript status.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
+        // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
+        drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
 
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (javaScriptEnabled) {  // JavaScrip is enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.javascript_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // JavaScript is disabled, but first-party cookies are enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.javascript_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {  // Privacy mode.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
+        // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
+        currentBookmarksFolder = "";
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+        // Load the home folder, which is `""` in the database.
+        loadBookmarksFolder();
 
-            case R.id.add_or_edit_domain:
-                if (domainSettingsApplied) {  // Edit the current domain settings.
-                    // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
-                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                    currentDomainName = "";
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
+            int databaseID = (int) id;
 
-                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
-                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
+            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
+            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
+            bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
 
-                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the current domain and close on back instead of returning to the domains list.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("loadDomain", domainSettingsDatabaseId);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("closeOnBack", true);
+            // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
+            if (bookmarkCursor.getInt(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.IS_FOLDER)) == 1) {  // The selected bookmark is a folder.
+                // Store the new folder name in `currentBookmarksFolder`.
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
-                } else {  // Add a new domain.
-                    // Apply the new domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
-                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                    currentDomainName = "";
+                // Load the new folder.
+                loadBookmarksFolder();
+            } else {  // The selected bookmark is not a folder.
+                // Load the bookmark URL.
+                loadUrl(bookmarkCursor.getString(bookmarkCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_URL)));
 
-                    // Get the current domain
-                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
-                    String currentDomain = currentUri.getHost();
+                // Close the bookmarks drawer.
+                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+            }
 
-                    // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
-                    DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
+            // Close the `Cursor`.
+            bookmarkCursor.close();
+        });
 
-                    // Create the domain and store the database ID.
-                    int newDomainDatabaseId = domainsDatabaseHelper.addDomain(currentDomain);
+        bookmarksListView.setOnItemLongClickListener((parent, view, position, id) -> {
+            // Convert the database ID from `long` to `int`.
+            int databaseId = (int) id;
 
-                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
-                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
+            // Find out if the selected bookmark is a folder.
+            boolean isFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.isFolder(databaseId);
 
-                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the new domain and close on back instead of returning to the domains list.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("loadDomain", newDomainDatabaseId);
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("closeOnBack", true);
+            if (isFolder) {
+                // Save the current folder name, which is used in `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
+                oldFolderNameString = bookmarksCursor.getString(bookmarksCursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.BOOKMARK_NAME));
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
-                }
-                return true;
+                // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_folder));
+            } else {
+                // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
+                DialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId, currentWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon());
+                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
+            }
 
-            case R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies:
-                // Switch the status of firstPartyCookiesEnabled.
-                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = !firstPartyCookiesEnabled;
+            // Consume the event.
+            return true;
+        });
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
 
-                // Apply the new cookie status.
-                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
 
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.first_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else if (javaScriptEnabled) {  // JavaScript is still enabled.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.first_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {  // Privacy mode.
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
+        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
+        drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
+            }
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
+            }
 
-            case R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies:
-                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                    // Switch the status of thirdPartyCookiesEnabled.
-                    thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = !thirdPartyCookiesEnabled;
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
+            }
 
-                    // Update the menu checkbox.
-                    menuItem.setChecked(thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
+            @Override
+            public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
+                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
+                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
+                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
+                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
 
-                    // Apply the new cookie status.
-                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(mainWebView, thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
 
-                    // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                    if (thirdPartyCookiesEnabled) {
-                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.third_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                    } else {
-                        Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.third_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
+                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
                     }
 
-                    // Reload the WebView.
-                    mainWebView.reload();
-                } // Else do nothing because SDK < 21.
-                return true;
+                    // Update the navigation menu items if the WebView is not null.
+                    if (currentWebView != null) {
+                        navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoBack());
+                        navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(currentWebView.canGoForward());
+                        navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((currentWebView.canGoBack() || currentWebView.canGoForward()));
+                        navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + currentWebView.getRequestsCount(NestedScrollWebView.BLOCKED_REQUESTS));
 
-            case R.id.toggle_dom_storage:
-                // Switch the status of domStorageEnabled.
-                domStorageEnabled = !domStorageEnabled;
+                        // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
+                        inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(currentWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+                    }
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(domStorageEnabled);
+                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
+                    urlEditText.clearFocus();
+                    currentWebView.clearFocus();
+                }
+            }
+        });
 
-                // Apply the new DOM Storage status.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(domStorageEnabled);
+        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
+        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
 
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+        // Inflate a bare WebView to get the default user agent.  It is not used to render content on the screen.
+        @SuppressLint("InflateParams") View webViewLayout = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.bare_webview, null, false);
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (domStorageEnabled) {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.dom_storage_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.dom_storage_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
+        // Get a handle for the WebView.
+        WebView bareWebView = webViewLayout.findViewById(R.id.bare_webview);
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+        // Store the default user agent.
+        webViewDefaultUserAgent = bareWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
-            // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
-            case R.id.toggle_save_form_data:
-                // Switch the status of saveFormDataEnabled.
-                saveFormDataEnabled = !saveFormDataEnabled;
+        // Destroy the bare WebView.
+        bareWebView.destroy();
+    }
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(saveFormDataEnabled);
+    // `reloadWebsite` is used if returning from the Domains activity.  Otherwise JavaScript might not function correctly if it is newly enabled.
+    @SuppressLint("SetJavaScriptEnabled")
+    private boolean applyDomainSettings(NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView, String url, boolean resetTab, boolean reloadWebsite) {
+        // Store a copy of the current user agent to track changes for the return boolean.
+        String initialUserAgent = nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
-                // Apply the new form data status.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormDataEnabled);
+        // Parse the URL into a URI.
+        Uri uri = Uri.parse(url);
 
-                // Display a `Snackbar`.
-                if (saveFormDataEnabled) {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.form_data_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else {
-                    Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.form_data_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                }
+        // Extract the domain from `uri`.
+        String newHostName = uri.getHost();
 
-                // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+        // Strings don't like to be null.
+        if (newHostName == null) {
+            newHostName = "";
+        }
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+        // Apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded or if the new domain is blank.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
+        if (!nestedScrollWebView.getCurrentDomainName().equals(newHostName) || newHostName.equals("")) {
+            // Set the new host name as the current domain name.
+            nestedScrollWebView.setCurrentDomainName(newHostName);
 
-            case R.id.clear_cookies:
-                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.cookies_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
-                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
-                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
-                        })
-                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
-                            @Override
-                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the `Undo` button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The `Snackbar` was dismissed without the `Undo` button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // `cookieManager.removeAllCookie()` varies by SDK.
-                                        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21) {
-                                            cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
-                                        } else {
-                                            // `null` indicates no callback.
-                                            cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
-                                        }
-                                }
-                            }
-                        })
-                        .show();
-                return true;
+            // Reset the ignoring of pinned domain information.
+            nestedScrollWebView.setIgnorePinnedDomainInformation(false);
 
-            case R.id.clear_dom_storage:
-                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.dom_storage_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
-                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
-                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
-                        })
-                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
-                            @Override
-                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the `Undo` button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The `Snackbar` was dismissed without the `Undo` button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // Delete the DOM Storage.
-                                        WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
-                                        webStorage.deleteAllData();
-
-                                        // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
-                                        Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
-
-                                        // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
-                                        Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
-                                            try {
-                                                // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
-
-                                                // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-                                            } catch (IOException e) {
-                                                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                                            }
-                                        };
-
-                                        // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
-                                        deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
-                                }
-                            }
-                        })
-                        .show();
-                return true;
+            // Clear any pinned SSL certificate or IP addresses.
+            nestedScrollWebView.clearPinnedSslCertificate();
+            nestedScrollWebView.clearPinnedIpAddresses();
 
-            // Form data can be remove once the minimum API >= 26.
-            case R.id.clear_form_data:
-                Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.form_data_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
-                        .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
-                            // Do nothing because everything will be handled by `onDismissed()` below.
-                        })
-                        .addCallback(new Snackbar.Callback() {
-                            @Override
-                            public void onDismissed(Snackbar snackbar, int event) {
-                                switch (event) {
-                                    // The user pushed the `Undo` button.
-                                    case Snackbar.Callback.DISMISS_EVENT_ACTION:
-                                        // Do nothing.
-                                        break;
-
-                                    // The `Snackbar` was dismissed without the `Undo` button being pushed.
-                                    default:
-                                        // Delete the form data.
-                                        WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(getApplicationContext());
-                                        mainWebViewDatabase.clearFormData();
-                                }
-                            }
-                        })
-                        .show();
-                return true;
+            // Reset the favorite icon if specified.
+            if (resetTab) {
+                // Initialize the favorite icon.
+                nestedScrollWebView.initializeFavoriteIcon();
 
-            case R.id.easylist:
-                // Toggle the EasyList status.
-                easyListEnabled = !easyListEnabled;
+                // Get the current page position.
+                int currentPagePosition = webViewPagerAdapter.getPositionForId(nestedScrollWebView.getWebViewFragmentId());
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(easyListEnabled);
+                // Get a handle for the tab layout.
+                TabLayout tabLayout = findViewById(R.id.tablayout);
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // Get the corresponding tab.
+                TabLayout.Tab tab = tabLayout.getTabAt(currentPagePosition);
 
-            case R.id.easyprivacy:
-                // Toggle the EasyPrivacy status.
-                easyPrivacyEnabled = !easyPrivacyEnabled;
+                // Update the tab if it isn't null, which sometimes happens when restarting from the background.
+                if (tab != null) {
+                    // Get the tab custom view.
+                    View tabCustomView = tab.getCustomView();
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(easyPrivacyEnabled);
+                    // Remove the warning below that the tab custom view might be null.
+                    assert tabCustomView != null;
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                    // Get the tab views.
+                    ImageView tabFavoriteIconImageView = tabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.favorite_icon_imageview);
+                    TextView tabTitleTextView = tabCustomView.findViewById(R.id.title_textview);
 
-            case R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list:
-                // Toggle Fanboy's Annoyance List status.
-                fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled = !fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled;
+                    // Set the default favorite icon as the favorite icon for this tab.
+                    tabFavoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(nestedScrollWebView.getFavoriteOrDefaultIcon(), 64, 64, true));
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+                    // Set the loading title text.
+                    tabTitleTextView.setText(R.string.loading);
+                }
+            }
 
-                // Update the staus of Fanboy's Social Blocking List.
-                MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
-                fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+            // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
+            DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Get a full cursor from `domainsDatabaseHelper`.
+            Cursor domainNameCursor = domainsDatabaseHelper.getDomainNameCursorOrderedByDomain();
 
-            case R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list:
-                // Toggle Fanboy's Social Blocking List status.
-                fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled = !fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled;
+            // Initialize `domainSettingsSet`.
+            Set<String> domainSettingsSet = new HashSet<>();
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled);
+            // Get the domain name column index.
+            int domainNameColumnIndex = domainNameCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DOMAIN_NAME);
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Populate `domainSettingsSet`.
+            for (int i = 0; i < domainNameCursor.getCount(); i++) {
+                // Move `domainsCursor` to the current row.
+                domainNameCursor.moveToPosition(i);
 
-            case R.id.ultraprivacy:
-                // Toggle the UltraPrivacy status.
-                ultraPrivacyEnabled = !ultraPrivacyEnabled;
+                // Store the domain name in `domainSettingsSet`.
+                domainSettingsSet.add(domainNameCursor.getString(domainNameColumnIndex));
+            }
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(ultraPrivacyEnabled);
+            // Close `domainNameCursor.
+            domainNameCursor.close();
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Initialize the domain name in database variable.
+            String domainNameInDatabase = null;
 
-            case R.id.block_all_third_party_requests:
-                //Toggle the third-party requests blocker status.
-                blockAllThirdPartyRequests = !blockAllThirdPartyRequests;
+            // Check the hostname against the domain settings set.
+            if (domainSettingsSet.contains(newHostName)) {  // The hostname is contained in the domain settings set.
+                // Record the domain name in the database.
+                domainNameInDatabase = newHostName;
 
-                // Update the menu checkbox.
-                menuItem.setChecked(blockAllThirdPartyRequests);
+                // Set the domain settings applied tracker to true.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsApplied(true);
+            } else {  // The hostname is not contained in the domain settings set.
+                // Set the domain settings applied tracker to false.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsApplied(false);
+            }
 
-                // Reload the main WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Check all the subdomains of the host name against wildcard domains in the domain cursor.
+            while (!nestedScrollWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied() && newHostName.contains(".")) {  // Stop checking if domain settings are already applied or there are no more `.` in the host name.
+                if (domainSettingsSet.contains("*." + newHostName)) {  // Check the host name prepended by `*.`.
+                    // Set the domain settings applied tracker to true.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsApplied(true);
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0]);
+                    // Store the applied domain names as it appears in the database.
+                    domainNameInDatabase = "*." + newHostName;
+                }
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // Strip out the lowest subdomain of of the host name.
+                newHostName = newHostName.substring(newHostName.indexOf(".") + 1);
+            }
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_webview_default:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2]);
+            // Store the general preference information.
+            String defaultFontSizeString = sharedPreferences.getString("font_size", getString(R.string.font_size_default_value));
+            String defaultUserAgentName = sharedPreferences.getString("user_agent", getString(R.string.user_agent_default_value));
+            boolean defaultSwipeToRefresh = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("swipe_to_refresh", true);
+            boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+            boolean wideViewport = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("wide_viewport", true);
+            boolean displayWebpageImages = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Get a handle for the cookie manager.
+            CookieManager cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3]);
+            // Get handles for the views.
+            RelativeLayout urlRelativeLayout = findViewById(R.id.url_relativelayout);
+            SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+            // Initialize the user agent array adapter and string array.
+            ArrayAdapter<CharSequence> userAgentNamesArray = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this, R.array.user_agent_names, R.layout.spinner_item);
+            String[] userAgentDataArray = getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data);
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4]);
+            if (nestedScrollWebView.getDomainSettingsApplied()) {  // The url has custom domain settings.
+                // Get a cursor for the current host and move it to the first position.
+                Cursor currentDomainSettingsCursor = domainsDatabaseHelper.getCursorForDomainName(domainNameInDatabase);
+                currentDomainSettingsCursor.moveToFirst();
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // Get the settings from the cursor.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsDatabaseId(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper._ID)));
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_JAVASCRIPT)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FIRST_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
+                boolean domainThirdPartyCookiesEnabled = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_THIRD_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_DOM_STORAGE)) == 1);
+                // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+                boolean saveFormData = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FORM_DATA)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_EASYLIST)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_EASYPRIVACY)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_ULTRAPRIVACY)) == 1);
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS,
+                        currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.BLOCK_ALL_THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS)) == 1);
+                String userAgentName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.USER_AGENT));
+                int fontSize = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.FONT_SIZE));
+                int swipeToRefreshInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH));
+                int nightModeInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE));
+                int wideViewportInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.WIDE_VIEWPORT));
+                int displayWebpageImagesInt = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_IMAGES));
+                boolean pinnedSslCertificate = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_SSL_CERTIFICATE)) == 1);
+                String pinnedSslIssuedToCName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_COMMON_NAME));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedToOName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATION));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedToUName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedByCName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_COMMON_NAME));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedByOName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATION));
+                String pinnedSslIssuedByUName = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
+                boolean pinnedIpAddresses = (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_IP_ADDRESSES)) == 1);
+                String pinnedHostIpAddresses = currentDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.IP_ADDRESSES));
+
+                // Create the pinned SSL date variables.
+                Date pinnedSslStartDate;
+                Date pinnedSslEndDate;
+
+                // Set the pinned SSL certificate start date to `null` if the saved date `long` is 0 because creating a new Date results in an error if the input is 0.
+                if (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_START_DATE)) == 0) {
+                    pinnedSslStartDate = null;
+                } else {
+                    pinnedSslStartDate = new Date(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_START_DATE)));
+                }
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5]);
+                // Set the pinned SSL certificate end date to `null` if the saved date `long` is 0 because creating a new Date results in an error if the input is 0.
+                if (currentDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_END_DATE)) == 0) {
+                    pinnedSslEndDate = null;
+                } else {
+                    pinnedSslEndDate = new Date(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_END_DATE)));
+                }
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // If there is a pinned SSL certificate, store it in the WebView.
+                if (pinnedSslCertificate) {
+                    nestedScrollWebView.setPinnedSslCertificate(pinnedSslIssuedToCName, pinnedSslIssuedToOName, pinnedSslIssuedToUName, pinnedSslIssuedByCName, pinnedSslIssuedByOName, pinnedSslIssuedByUName,
+                            pinnedSslStartDate, pinnedSslEndDate);
+                }
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6]);
+                // If there is a pinned IP address, store it in the WebView.
+                if (pinnedIpAddresses) {
+                    nestedScrollWebView.setPinnedIpAddresses(pinnedHostIpAddresses);
+                }
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // Set night mode according to the night mode int.
+                switch (nightModeInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        // Set night mode according to the current default.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false));
+                        break;
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7]);
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        // Enable night mode.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(true);
+                        break;
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        // Disable night mode.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(false);
+                        break;
+                }
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8]);
+                // Enable JavaScript if night mode is enabled.
+                if (nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {
+                    // Enable JavaScript.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
+                } else {
+                    // Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(nestedScrollWebView.getDomainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled());
+                }
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // Close the current host domain settings cursor.
+                currentDomainSettingsCursor.close();
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9]);
+                // Apply the domain settings.
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(nestedScrollWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies());
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // Set third-party cookies status if API >= 21.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(nestedScrollWebView, domainThirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                }
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10]);
+                // Apply the form data setting if the API < 26.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormData);
+                }
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                // Apply the font size.
+                if (fontSize == 0) {  // Apply the default font size.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(Integer.valueOf(defaultFontSizeString));
+                } else {  // Apply the specified font size.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(fontSize);
+                }
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11]);
+                // Set the user agent.
+                if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
+                    // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
+                    int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                    // Set the user agent according to the system default.
+                    switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                            break;
 
-            case R.id.user_agent_custom:
-                // Update the user agent.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultCustomUserAgentString);
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the default custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                            break;
 
-            case R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(25);
-                return true;
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
+                    }
+                } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
+                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
 
-            case R.id.font_size_fifty_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(50);
-                return true;
+                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
+                            break;
 
-            case R.id.font_size_seventy_five_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(75);
-                return true;
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                            break;
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(100);
-                return true;
+                        default:
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
+                            nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
+                    }
+                }
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_twenty_five_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(125);
-                return true;
+                // Set swipe to refresh.
+                switch (swipeToRefreshInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_fifty_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(150);
-                return true;
+                        // Apply swipe to refresh according to the default.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 23 because it is continuously set by an on scroll change listener.
+                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
+                        break;
 
-            case R.id.font_size_one_hundred_seventy_five_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(175);
-                return true;
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(true);
 
-            case R.id.font_size_two_hundred_percent:
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(200);
-                return true;
+                        // Enable swipe to refresh.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 23 because it is continuously set by an on scroll change listener.
+                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
+                        break;
 
-            case R.id.swipe_to_refresh:
-                // Toggle swipe to refresh.
-                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(!swipeRefreshLayout.isEnabled());
-                return true;
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(false);
 
-            case R.id.display_images:
-                if (mainWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically()) {  // Images are currently loaded automatically.
-                    mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
-                    mainWebView.reload();
-                } else {  // Images are not currently loaded automatically.
-                    mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
+                        // Disable swipe to refresh.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 23 because it is continuously set by an on scroll change listener.
+                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
                 }
-                return true;
 
-            case R.id.night_mode:
-                // Toggle night mode.
-                nightMode = !nightMode;
+                // Set the viewport.
+                switch (wideViewportInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(wideViewport);
+                        break;
 
-                // Enable or disable JavaScript according to night mode, the global preference, and any domain settings.
-                if (nightMode) {  // Night mode is enabled.  Enable JavaScript.
-                    // Update the global variable.
-                    javaScriptEnabled = true;
-                } else if (domainSettingsApplied) {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are applied.  Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
-                    // Get the JavaScript preference that was stored the last time domain settings were loaded.
-                    javaScriptEnabled = domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled;
-                } else {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are not applied.  Set JavaScript according to the global preference.
-                    // Get a handle for the shared preference.
-                    SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
+                        break;
 
-                    // Get the JavaScript preference.
-                    javaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript_enabled", false);
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
+                        break;
                 }
 
-                // Apply the JavaScript setting to the WebView.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
+                // Set the loading of webpage images.
+                switch (displayWebpageImagesInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
+                        break;
 
-                // Update the privacy icons.
-                updatePrivacyIcons(false);
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
+                        break;
 
-                // Reload the website.
-                mainWebView.reload();
-                return true;
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISABLED:
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
+                        break;
+                }
 
-            case R.id.print:
-                // Get a `PrintManager` instance.
-                PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
+                // Set a green background on the URL relative layout to indicate that custom domain settings are being used. The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_dark_blue));
+                } else {
+                    urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_light_green));
+                }
+            } else {  // The new URL does not have custom domain settings.  Load the defaults.
+                // Store the values from the shared preferences.
+                boolean defaultJavaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false);
+                nestedScrollWebView.setAcceptFirstPartyCookies(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("first_party_cookies", false));
+                boolean defaultThirdPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("third_party_cookies", false);
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dom_storage", false));
+                boolean saveFormData = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("save_form_data", false);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_LIST, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("easylist", true));
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.EASY_PRIVACY, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("easyprivacy", true));
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("fanboys_annoyance_list", true));
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("fanboys_social_blocking_list", true));
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.ULTRA_PRIVACY, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("ultraprivacy", true));
+                nestedScrollWebView.enableBlocklist(NestedScrollWebView.THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS, sharedPreferences.getBoolean("block_all_third_party_requests", false));
+                nestedScrollWebView.setNightMode(sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false));
 
-                // Convert `mainWebView` to `printDocumentAdapter`.
-                PrintDocumentAdapter printDocumentAdapter = mainWebView.createPrintDocumentAdapter();
+                // Enable JavaScript if night mode is enabled.
+                if (nestedScrollWebView.getNightMode()) {
+                    // Enable JavaScript.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
+                } else {
+                    // Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(defaultJavaScriptEnabled);
+                }
 
-                // Remove the lint error below that `printManager` might be `null`.
-                assert printManager != null;
+                // Apply the default settings.
+                cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(nestedScrollWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies());
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(Integer.valueOf(defaultFontSizeString));
 
-                // Print the document.  The print attributes are `null`.
-                printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
-                return true;
+                // Apply the form data setting if the API < 26.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
+                    nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormData);
+                }
 
-            case R.id.view_source:
-                // Launch the View Source activity.
-                Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
-                startActivity(viewSourceIntent);
-                return true;
+                // Store the swipe to refresh status in the nested scroll WebView.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setSwipeToRefresh(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
 
-            case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
-                // Toggle the proxy through Orbot variable.
-                proxyThroughOrbot = !proxyThroughOrbot;
+                // Apply swipe to refresh according to the default.
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
 
-                // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
-                applyProxyThroughOrbot(true);
-                return true;
+                // Reset the pinned variables.
+                nestedScrollWebView.setDomainSettingsDatabaseId(-1);
 
-            case R.id.share:
-                // Setup the share string.
-                String shareString = webViewTitle + " – " + urlTextBox.getText().toString();
+                // Set third-party cookies status if API >= 21.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                    cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(nestedScrollWebView, defaultThirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
+                }
 
-                // Create the share intent.
-                Intent shareIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
-                shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, shareString);
-                shareIntent.setType("text/plain");
+                // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
 
-                // Make it so.
-                startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, "Share URL"));
-                return true;
+                // Set the user agent.
+                switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                    case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                        // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                        break;
 
-            case R.id.find_on_page:
-                // Hide the URL app bar.
-                supportAppBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+                    case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                        // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                        break;
 
-                // Show the Find on Page `RelativeLayout`.
-                findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+                    case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                        // Set the default custom user agent.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value)));
+                        break;
 
-                // Display the keyboard.  We have to wait 200 ms before running the command to work around a bug in Android.
-                // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5520085/android-show-softkeyboard-with-showsoftinput-is-not-working
-                findOnPageEditText.postDelayed(() -> {
-                    // Set the focus on `findOnPageEditText`.
-                    findOnPageEditText.requestFocus();
+                    default:
+                        // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                        nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
+                }
 
-                    // Display the keyboard.  `0` sets no input flags.
-                    inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(findOnPageEditText, 0);
-                }, 200);
-                return true;
+                // Set the viewport.
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(wideViewport);
 
-            case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
-                // Show the `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog` `AlertDialog` and name this instance `R.string.create_shortcut`.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = new CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog();
-                createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
+                // Set the loading of webpage images.
+                nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
 
-                //Everything else will be handled by `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog` and the associated listener below.
-                return true;
+                // Set a transparent background on URL edit text.  The deprecated `getResources().getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
+                urlRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
+            }
 
-            case R.id.refresh:
-                if (menuItem.getTitle().equals(getString(R.string.refresh))) {  // The refresh button was pushed.
-                    // Reload the WebView.
-                    mainWebView.reload();
-                } else {  // The stop button was pushed.
-                    // Stop the loading of the WebView.
-                    mainWebView.stopLoading();
-                }
-                return true;
+            // Close the domains database helper.
+            domainsDatabaseHelper.close();
 
-            case R.id.ad_consent:
-                // Display the ad consent dialog.
-                DialogFragment adConsentDialogFragment = new AdConsentDialog();
-                adConsentDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ad_consent));
-                return true;
+            // Update the privacy icons.
+            updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+        }
 
-            default:
-                // Don't consume the event.
-                return super.onOptionsItemSelected(menuItem);
+        // Reload the website if returning from the Domains activity.
+        if (reloadWebsite) {
+            nestedScrollWebView.reload();
         }
+
+        // Return the user agent changed status.
+        return !nestedScrollWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString().equals(initialUserAgent);
     }
 
-    // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
-    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-    @Override
-    public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
-        int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
+    private void applyProxyThroughOrbot(boolean reloadWebsite) {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        switch (menuItemId) {
-            case R.id.home:
-                loadUrl(homepage);
-                break;
+        // Get the search and theme preferences.
+        String torSearchString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search", getString(R.string.tor_search_default_value));
+        String torSearchCustomUrlString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search_custom_url", getString(R.string.tor_search_custom_url_default_value));
+        String searchString = sharedPreferences.getString("search", getString(R.string.search_default_value));
+        String searchCustomUrlString = sharedPreferences.getString("search_custom_url", getString(R.string.search_custom_url_default_value));
+        boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
 
-            case R.id.back:
-                if (mainWebView.canGoBack()) {
-                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-                    formattedUrlString = "";
+        // Get a handle for the app bar layout.
+        AppBarLayout appBarLayout = findViewById(R.id.appbar_layout);
 
-                    // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    navigatingHistory = true;
+        // Set the homepage, search, and proxy options.
+        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {  // Set the Tor options.
+            // Set the search URL.
+            if (torSearchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
+                searchURL = torSearchCustomUrlString;
+            } else {  // Use the string from the pre-built list.
+                searchURL = torSearchString;
+            }
 
-                    // Load the previous website in the history.
-                    mainWebView.goBack();
-                }
-                break;
+            // Set the proxy.  `this` refers to the current activity where an `AlertDialog` might be displayed.
+            OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "localhost", "8118");
 
-            case R.id.forward:
-                if (mainWebView.canGoForward()) {
-                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
-                    formattedUrlString = "";
+            // Set the app bar background to indicate proxying through Orbot is enabled.
+            if (darkTheme) {
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.dark_blue_30);
+            } else {
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.blue_50);
+            }
 
-                    // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
-                    navigatingHistory = true;
+            // Check to see if Orbot is ready.
+            if (!orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {  // Orbot is not ready.
+                // Set `waitingForOrbot`.
+                waitingForOrbot = true;
 
-                    // Load the next website in the history.
-                    mainWebView.goForward();
-                }
-                break;
+                // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
+                currentWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
-            case R.id.history:
-                // Get the `WebBackForwardList`.
-                WebBackForwardList webBackForwardList = mainWebView.copyBackForwardList();
+                // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
+                currentWebView.loadData("<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>", "text/html", null);
+            } else if (reloadWebsite) {  // Orbot is ready and the website should be reloaded.
+                // Reload the website.
+                currentWebView.reload();
+            }
+        } else {  // Set the non-Tor options.
+            // Set the search URL.
+            if (searchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
+                searchURL = searchCustomUrlString;
+            } else {  // Use the string from the pre-built list.
+                searchURL = searchString;
+            }
 
-                // Show the `UrlHistoryDialog` `AlertDialog` and name this instance `R.string.history`.  `this` is the `Context`.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment urlHistoryDialogFragment = UrlHistoryDialog.loadBackForwardList(this, webBackForwardList);
-                urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
-                break;
+            // Reset the proxy to default.  The host is `""` and the port is `"0"`.
+            OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "", "0");
 
-            case R.id.requests:
-                // Launch the requests activity.
-                Intent requestsIntent = new Intent(this, RequestsActivity.class);
-                startActivity(requestsIntent);
-                break;
+            // Set the default app bar layout background.
+            if (darkTheme) {
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.gray_900);
+            } else {
+                appBarLayout.setBackgroundResource(R.color.gray_100);
+            }
 
-            case R.id.downloads:
-                // Launch the system Download Manager.
-                Intent downloadManagerIntent = new Intent(DownloadManager.ACTION_VIEW_DOWNLOADS);
+            // Reset `waitingForOrbot.
+            waitingForOrbot = false;
 
-                // Launch as a new task so that Download Manager and Privacy Browser show as separate windows in the recent tasks list.
-                downloadManagerIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+            // Reload the WebViews if requested.
+            if (reloadWebsite) {
+                // Reload the WebViews.
+                for (int i = 0; i < webViewPagerAdapter.getCount(); i++) {
+                    // Get the WebView tab fragment.
+                    WebViewTabFragment webViewTabFragment = webViewPagerAdapter.getPageFragment(i);
 
-                startActivity(downloadManagerIntent);
-                break;
+                    // Get the fragment view.
+                    View fragmentView = webViewTabFragment.getView();
 
-            case R.id.domains:
-                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
-                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                currentDomainName = "";
+                    // Only reload the WebViews if they exist.
+                    if (fragmentView != null) {
+                        // Get the nested scroll WebView from the tab fragment.
+                        NestedScrollWebView nestedScrollWebView = fragmentView.findViewById(R.id.nestedscroll_webview);
 
-                // Launch the domains activity.
-                Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
-                startActivity(domainsIntent);
-                break;
+                        // Reload the WebView.
+                        nestedScrollWebView.reload();
+                    }
+                }
+            }
+        }
+    }
 
-            case R.id.settings:
-                // Set the flag to reapply app settings on restart when returning from Settings.
-                reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = true;
+    private void updatePrivacyIcons(boolean runInvalidateOptionsMenu) {
+        // Only update the privacy icons if the options menu and the current WebView have already been populated.
+        if ((optionsMenu != null) && (currentWebView != null)) {
+            // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+            SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
-                reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                currentDomainName = "";
+            // Get the theme and screenshot preferences.
+            boolean darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+
+            // Get handles for the menu items.
+            MenuItem privacyMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_javascript);
+            MenuItem firstPartyCookiesMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
+            MenuItem domStorageMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
+            MenuItem refreshMenuItem = optionsMenu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
+
+            // Update the privacy icon.
+            if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScript is enabled.
+                privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.javascript_enabled);
+            } else if (currentWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies()) {  // JavaScript is disabled but cookies are enabled.
+                privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.warning);
+            } else {  // All the dangerous features are disabled.
+                privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.privacy_mode);
+            }
 
-                // Launch the settings activity.
-                Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
-                startActivity(settingsIntent);
-                break;
+            // Update the first-party cookies icon.
+            if (currentWebView.getAcceptFirstPartyCookies()) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
+                firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_enabled);
+            } else {  // First-party cookies are disabled.
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_disabled_dark);
+                } else {
+                    firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_disabled_light);
+                }
+            }
 
-            case R.id.import_export:
-                // Launch the import/export activity.
-                Intent importExportIntent = new Intent (this, ImportExportActivity.class);
-                startActivity(importExportIntent);
-                break;
+            // Update the DOM storage icon.
+            if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled() && currentWebView.getSettings().getDomStorageEnabled()) {  // Both JavaScript and DOM storage are enabled.
+                domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_enabled);
+            } else if (currentWebView.getSettings().getJavaScriptEnabled()) {  // JavaScript is enabled but DOM storage is disabled.
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_disabled_dark);
+                } else {
+                    domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_disabled_light);
+                }
+            } else {  // JavaScript is disabled, so DOM storage is ghosted.
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_ghosted_dark);
+                } else {
+                    domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_ghosted_light);
+                }
+            }
 
-            case R.id.guide:
-                // Launch `GuideActivity`.
-                Intent guideIntent = new Intent(this, GuideActivity.class);
-                startActivity(guideIntent);
-                break;
+            // Update the refresh icon.
+            if (darkTheme) {
+                refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.refresh_enabled_dark);
+            } else {
+                refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.refresh_enabled_light);
+            }
 
-            case R.id.about:
-                // Launch `AboutActivity`.
-                Intent aboutIntent = new Intent(this, AboutActivity.class);
-                startActivity(aboutIntent);
-                break;
+            // `invalidateOptionsMenu` calls `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` and redraws the icons in the `AppBar`.
+            if (runInvalidateOptionsMenu) {
+                invalidateOptionsMenu();
+            }
+        }
+    }
 
-            case R.id.clearAndExit:
-                // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
-                bookmarksCursor.close();
-                bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
+    private void openUrlWithExternalApp(String url) {
+        // Create a download intent.  Not specifying the action type will display the maximum number of options.
+        Intent downloadIntent = new Intent();
 
-                // Get a handle for `sharedPreferences`.  `this` references the current context.
-                SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+        // Set the URI and the MIME type.  Specifying `text/html` displays a good number of options.
+        downloadIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(url), "text/html");
 
-                boolean clearEverything = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_everything", true);
+        // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
+        downloadIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
 
-                // Clear cookies.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_cookies", true)) {
-                    // The command to remove cookies changed slightly in API 21.
-                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
-                        cookieManager.removeAllCookies(null);
-                    } else {
-                        cookieManager.removeAllCookie();
-                    }
+        // Show the chooser.
+        startActivity(Intent.createChooser(downloadIntent, getString(R.string.open_with)));
+    }
 
-                    // Manually delete the cookies database, as `CookieManager` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
-                    try {
-                        // We have to use two commands because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies");
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Cookies-journal");
-                    } catch (IOException e) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
+    private void highlightUrlText() {
+        // Get a handle for the URL edit text.
+        EditText urlEditText = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+
+        // Only highlight the URL text if the box is not currently selected.
+        if (!urlEditText.hasFocus()) {
+            // Get the URL string.
+            String urlString = urlEditText.getText().toString();
+
+            // Highlight the URL according to the protocol.
+            if (urlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a file URL.
+                // De-emphasize only the protocol.
+                urlEditText.getText().setSpan(initialGrayColorSpan, 0, 7, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+            } else if (urlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+                // De-emphasize only the protocol.
+                urlEditText.getText().setSpan(initialGrayColorSpan, 0, 10, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+            } else {  // This is a web URL.
+                // Get the index of the `/` immediately after the domain name.
+                int endOfDomainName = urlString.indexOf("/", (urlString.indexOf("//") + 2));
+
+                // Create a base URL string.
+                String baseUrl;
+
+                // Get the base URL.
+                if (endOfDomainName > 0) {  // There is at least one character after the base URL.
+                    // Get the base URL.
+                    baseUrl = urlString.substring(0, endOfDomainName);
+                } else {  // There are no characters after the base URL.
+                    // Set the base URL to be the entire URL string.
+                    baseUrl = urlString;
&n